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On July 27:
Birthdays:

Charlotte Corday (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

Geoffrey De Havilland (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

Norman Lear (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1452 – Ludovico Sforza*, Duke of Milan, patron of Leonardo da Vinci*, son of Francesco I Sforza* (d. 1508).
1667 – Johann Bernoulli*, Swiss mathematician (d. 1748) (infinitesimal calculus).
1768 – Charlotte Corday*, French assassin of Jean-Paul Marat* (1743-1793) (d. 1793).
1882 – Geoffrey de Havilland*, English aviation pioneer and engineer, founded the de Havilland Aircraft Company (d. 1965).
1905 – Leo Durocher*, American baseball player and manager (d. 1991).
1922 – Norman Lear*, American screenwriter and producer (All in the Family, Sanford and Son).
1927 – John Seigenthaler*, American journalist, prominent defender of First Amendment rights. (d. 2014).
1948 – Peggy Fleming*, American 1968 Olympic Champion figure skater.
1949 – Maureen McGovern*, American singer and actress (“The Morning After”).
1975 – Alex Rodriguez*, American baseball player, New York Yankees.
1977 – Jonathan Rhys Meyers*, Irish actor (Elvis, The Tudors).

Deaths:

Robert Dinwiddie (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

Shah of Iran (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

Bob Hope (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1770 – Robert Dinwiddie, English politician, lieutenant governor of colonial Virginia, whose actions precipitated the French and Indian War (b. 1693).
1844 – John Dalton*, English physicist, meteorologist, and chemist, pioneer of atomic theory (b. 1776).
1946 – Gertrude Stein*, American author and poet (b. 1874).
1980 – Mohammad Reza Pahlavi*, last Shah of Iran (1941-1979) (b. 1919).
1988 – Frank Zamboni*, American inventor and businessman, founded the Zamboni Company (b. 1901).
2003 – Bob Hope, English-American actor, singer, and producer (b. 1903).
2013 – Bud Day*, American pilot and colonel, Vietnam POW, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1925).

Other Events:

Maximilien Robespierre (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

Vincent Van Gogh (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

Richard Nixon (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1214 – Battle of Bouvines: Philip II of France [Capet] (1165-1223) decisively defeats Imperial, English and Flemish armies, effectively ending John I of England‘s {Plantagenet] (1166-1216)  Angevin Empire.
1299 –Osman I* [Gazi] (1258-1326) invades the territory of Nicomedia for the first time, considered the founding day of the Ottoman state.
1694 – A Royal charter is granted to the Bank of England.
1794 – French Revolution: Maximilien Robespierre* (1758-1794) is arrested after encouraging the execution of more than 17,000 “enemies of the Revolution”. He is guillotined two days later.
1866 – The first permanent transatlantic telegraph cable is successfully completed.
1890 – Vincent van Gogh* shoots himself and dies two days later (b. 1853).
1909 - Orville Wright (1871-1948) tests 1st US Army airplane, flying 1h12m40s.
1921 – Biochemist Frederick Banting* (1891-1941), University of Toronto, proves that insulin regulates blood sugar.
1929 – The Geneva Convention, dealing with treatment of prisoners-of-war, is signed by 53 nations.
1940 – The animated short A Wild Hare is released, introducing the character of Bugs Bunny.
1941 – Japanese troops occupy French Indochina.
1949 – Initial flight of the de Havilland Comet, the first jet-powered airliner.
1953 – Korean War fighting ends, armistice signed at Panmunjom.
1955 – The Allied occupation of Austria after World War II ends.
1974 – Watergate: The House Judiciary Committee recommends impeachment (for obstruction of justice) against President Richard Nixon (1913-1994).
1990 – Belarus declares independence from the Soviet Union. Until 1996 the day is celebrated as Independence Day.
1996 – Centennial Olympic Park bombing: In Atlanta, Georgia, a pipe bomb explodes during the 1996 Summer Olympics. One killed, One hundred eleven are injured.
2002 – Ukraine airshow disaster: A Sukhoi Su-27 fighter crashes during an air show at Lviv, killing 85 and injuring more than 100, the largest air show disaster in history.

The individuals marked with “*” don’t have a profile on WikiTree yet. Please help grow our tree.

Post by Bob Fields

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On July 26:
Birthdays:

George Bernard Shaw (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

Stanley Kubrick (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

Mick Jagger (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1856 – George Bernard Shaw, Irish playwright, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1950) (Pygmalion).
1875 – Carl Jung*, Swiss psychiatrist and psychotherapist, founded analytical psychology (d. 1961).
1894 – Aldous Huxley, English author (d. 1963) (Brave New World).
1895 – Gracie Allen*, American actress and comedienne (d. 1964) (Burns and Allen).
1909 – Vivian Vance*, American actress (d. 1979) (Ethel Mertz on I Love Lucy).
1922 – Jason Robards*, Oscar, Emmy, and Tony award winner (d. 2000) (All the President’s Men, Julia).
1928 – Stanley Kubrick*, American director, producer, screenwriter, and cinematographer (d. 1999) (Spartacus, Dr. Strangelove , 2001: A Space Odyssey, The Shining).
1940 – Dobie Gray*, American singer-songwriter and producer (d. 2011) (“Drift Away“).
1943 – Mick Jagger*, English singer-songwriter (The Rolling Stones).
1945 – Helen Mirren*, English actress. Oscar, Emmy, Golden Globe winner (Elizabeth I, The Queen).
1959 – Kevin Spacey*, American actor (The Usual Suspects, American Beauty, L.A. Confidential).
1964 – Sandra Bullock*, American actress (The Blind Side, Speed, Gravity).
Feast Day of Saint Anne (Western Christianity), mother of Mary and grandmother of Jesus.

Deaths:

Sam Houston (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

William Jennings Bryan (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

Eva Perón (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

811 -Byzantine Emperor Nikephoros I [Genikos] is killed in the Battle of Pliska, and his heir son  Staurakios* is seriously wounded, one of the worst defeats in Byzantine history, by Bulgarian forces.
1863 – Sam Houston, American soldier and politician, founder and President and Governor of Texas (b. 1793).
1925 – William Jennings Bryan, American lawyer and Presidential nominee, 41st Secretary of State (b. 1860).
1926 – Robert Todd Lincoln, American lawyer and politician, 35th Secretary of War (b. 1843).
1952 – Eva Perón* (Evita), Argentinian actress and first lady, 25th First Lady of Argentina (b. 1919).
1992 – Mary Wells*, American singer-songwriter (b. 1943) (Motown: “My Guy“).

Other Events:

George B McClellan (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

Winston Churchill (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

Harry S. Truman (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1469 – Wars of the Roses: the Battle of Edgecote Moor. Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick (1428-1471) defeats Edward IV [York] (1442-1483), a trning point in the war.
1758 – French and Indian War: the Siege of Louisbourg ends. British forces defeat the French and take control of the Gulf of Saint Lawrence, leading to the capture of Quebec in 1759.
1861 – American Civil War: George B. McClellan (1826-1885) assumes command of the Army of the Potomac following a disastrous Union defeat at the First Battle of Bull Run.
1936 – Germany and Italy decide to intervene in the Spanish Civil War.
1941 – World War II: in response to the Japanese occupation of French Indochina, Franklin Roosevelt (1882-1945) orders the seizure of all Japanese assets in the United States.
1944 – World War II: the Soviet Army captures Lviv, a major city in western Ukraine. Only 300 Jews survive out of 160,000 prior to Nazi occupation.
1944 – The first German V-2 rocket hits the United Kingdom.
1945 – The Labour Party wins the United Kingdom general election of July 5 by a landslide. Clement Attlee* (1883-1967) replaces Winston Churchill (1874-1965) as Prime Minister.
1945 – The Potsdam Declaration is signed in Potsdam, Germany, defining terms for Japan’s surrender.
1945 – The US Navy cruiser USS Indianapolis (later sunk) arrives at Tinian with parts of the warhead for the Hiroshima atomic bomb.
1947 – Harry S Truman (1884-1972) creates the Central Intelligence Agency, Department of Defense, Air Force, Joint Chiefs of Staff, and the National Security Council.
1948 – Harry S Truman desegregates the US military.
1953 – Fidel Castro* (b.1926) begins the Cuban Revolution with an unsuccessful attack on the Moncada Barracks, taking the name: 26th of July Movement.
1956 – Egyptian leader Gamal Abdel Nasser* (1918-1970) nationalizes the Suez Canal, after the World Bank refuses to fund the Aswan Dam, sparking the Suez Crisis.
1977 – Quebec imposes the use of French as the official language of the provincial government.
1990 – The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) is signed into law by President George H. W. Bush.

The individuals marked with “*” don’t have a profile on WikiTree yet. Please help grow our tree.

Post by Bob Fields

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Mary Fields, also known as Stagecoach Mary, was the first African-American woman employed as a mail carrier in the United States.

Mary was born a slave.  Her mother wanted her to have a last name so she gave her the surname Fields, because her husband Buck worked in the fields. Mary was quite a character!  Here are some morselsfrom her profile to give you an idea:

Mary left for Mississippi to work as a chambermaid on the steamboat Robert E. Lee. She then worked in the home of Judge Edmund Dunne nursing his sick wife, Mary was soon escorting his five motherless children to their aunt, Mother Mary Amadeus, formerly known as Dolly and the Mother Superior of an Ursuline Convent in Toledo, Ohio.

Mother Amadeus was sent to Montana Territory to establish a school for Native American girls at St. Peter’s Mission. Mary wanted to go along but everyone felt the life would be too rugged and made her stay behind. Nothing could stop her from going when her childhood friend became ill. Mary hurried to Montana to nurse her. Mother Amadeus recovered and Mary stayed at St. Peter’s hauling freight, doing laundry, growing vegetables, tending chickens, repairing buildings and eventually serving as foreman.

The Native Americans called Fields “White Crow” because “she acts like a white woman but has black skin.” Local whites did not know what to make of her. One schoolgirl wrote an essay saying: “She drinks whiskey, and she swears, and she is a republican, which makes her a low, foul creature.”

Mary smoked home made cigars, drank and carried a revolver holstered at her apron. She swore and got into fist fights. She had a standing bet at the saloon that she could knock out any comers with her fist. Mary also argued with farm hands and on one occasion punctuated her disagreement with a rancher by denting his forehead with a rock. She neglected her indoor chores, preferring to be outside with the ranch hands.

Mother Amadeus helped Mary open a restaurant in nearby Cascade. Fields would serve food to anyone, whether they could pay or not, and the restaurant quickly went broke

Mary Fields adopted the Cascade baseball team as her own. For each game she prepared buttonhole bouquets of flowers for each player from her own garden, with larger bouquets reserved for home-run hitters.

In 1895 at the age of 60, Fields was hired as a mail carrier because she “was the fastest applicant to hitch a team of six horses.” This made her the first African-American woman to work as a mail carrier.

Mary Fields died of liver failure in 1914. When she realized she was going to die, not wishing to be a burden she wrapped herself in a blanket and went out to die in some weeds. Some men who she had babysat in their youth discovered her and carried her to a hospital.

It’s been said of Mary: “Born a slave somewhere in Tennessee, Mary lived to become one of the freest souls ever to draw a breath, or a .38.”

View the full profile Mary Fields.

Post by Eowyn the Forest Elf

 

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In honor of Pioneer Day, today’s Pick comes from our LDS Pioneers ProjectJoseph F. Smith!

Joseph Fielding Smith, Sr.was the sixth president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church). He was the last president of the LDS Church to have personally known the founder of the Mormon faith, Joseph Smith, Jr., who was the brother of his father, Hyrum Smith. [1]

Joseph was named after his uncle, Joseph Smith, and his mother’s brother, Joseph Fielding. His mother and maternal aunt, Mercy Fielding Thompson, fled with their children to Quincy, Illinois early in 1839 after many of the men in the community had been arrested and incarcerated under Missouri Executive Order 44 for practicing plural marriage.

Joseph’s family later moved to Nauvoo, Illinois when the majority of the church’s members settled there. Hyrum, his father, was later released from custody during a transfer from Liberty Jail and joined his family in Nauvoo.

Joseph said he remembered Nauvoo, and could recall his uncle, Joseph Smith. Joseph was only five years old when his father and uncle were killed in Carthage, Illinois on June 27, 1844.

At the age of nine, Joseph drove the family wagon all the way to the Salt Lake Valley.By the time he was fifteen, he was called on a mission to the Sandwich Islands, now Hawaii. At the age of twenty-seven he was ordained an Apostle by Brigham Young. He was the first President to have served in the First Presidency of the Church. [2]

View the full profile of Joseph F. Smith.  Can you add to it?


 

1. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joseph_F._Smith
2. http://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Smith-4498

Post by Eowyn the Forest Elf

 

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