by Bob Fields
On October 4:
1289 - Louis X of France, who allowed serfs to buy their freedom, abolished slavery, and readmitted French Jews into the kingdom. (d. 1316).
1550 - Charles IX of Sweden, who championed the Protestant cause during times of religious strife, resulting in the Thirty Years’ War (d. 1611).
1626 - Richard Cromwell, English politician, Lord Protector of Great Britain, son of Oliver Cromwell (d. 1712).
1822 - Rutherford B. Hayes, American general, 19th US President, oversaw the end of Reconstruction after the US Civil War (d. 1893).
1861 - Frederic Remington, American West painter, sculptor, and illustrator (d. 1909).
1895 - Buster Keaton*, American actor, director, and producer (d. 1966) (The General).
1923 - Charlton Heston, American actor and director (d. 2008) (The Ten Commandments, Ben-Hur, El Cid, Planet of the Apes).
1941 - Anne Rice, American author (Interview with the Vampire).
1669 - Rembrandt van Rijn, Dutch painter (b. 1606).
1904 - Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi, French sculptor, designed the Statue of Liberty (b. 1834).
1970 - Janis Joplin, American singer-songwriter, of a heroin overdose (Big Brother and the Holding Company) (b. 1943).
1989 - Secretariat, American race horse, Triple Crown winner (b. 1970).
1993 - Battle of Mogadishu: At least five US soldiers are killed and two Blackhawk helicopters shot down in a heavy firefight in the capital of Somalia (Black Hawk Down).
1539 – King Henry VIII of England marries Anne of Cleves, his 4th wife.
1777 - Battle of Germantown: George Washington is repelled by Sir William Howe near Philadelphia. Afterwards, the American army wintered at Valley Forge.
1853 - Crimean War: The Ottoman Empire declares war on Russia.
1918 - Germany sends a telegraph to President Woodrow Wilson, requesting an armistice between Germany and the Allied powers in World War I. Wilson responds that the Allies would only deal with a democratic Germany, not an imperial state with a military dictatorship.
1927 - Sculpting begins on Mt. Rushmore in the Black Hills of South Dakota, completed 12 years later.
1943 – World War II: U.S. captures Solomon Islands.
1957 - Space Race: Launch of Sputnik 1, the first artificial satellite to orbit the Earth.
1993 - Russian Constitutional Crisis: In Moscow, tanks bombard the Russian parliament, while demonstrators against President Boris Yeltsin rally outside.
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