by Bob Fields 

On July 30:
Birthdays:

Emily Bronte (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Henry Ford (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Arnold Schwarzenegger (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1818 - Emily Brontë, English author and poet (d. 1848) (Wuthering Heights).
1863 - Henry Ford, American engineer and businessman, founded the Ford Motor Company (d. 1947).
1939 - Peter Bogdanovich*, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (The Last Picture ShowPaper Moon).
1947 - Arnold Schwarzenegger, Austrian-American bodybuilder, actor, and politician, 38th Governor of California (Conan the BarbarianThe TerminatorTrue Lies).
1961 - Laurence Fishburne, American actor and producer (Boyz n the HoodWhat’s Love Got to Do With It).
1963 - Lisa Kudrow, American actress, producer, and screenwriter (Friends).
1974 - Hilary Swank, American actress and producer (Boys Don’t CryMillion Dollar Baby).

Deaths: 

William Penn (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Otto von Bismarck (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Jimmy Hoffa (Image Credit: WikiTree)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1683 - Maria Theresa[Habsburg] of Spain, wife of French KingLouis XIV(b. 1638).
1718 -William Penn, English businessman and philosopher, founded theProvince of Pennsylvania(b. 1644).
1875 -George Pickett, American Confederate general (b. 1825).
1898 -Otto von Bismarck, German lawyer and politician, 1stChancellor of Germany(b. 1815).
1918 -Joyce Kilmer, American soldier, journalist, and poet, killed by a sniper’s bullet at theSecond Battle of the Marne(b. 1886) (“Trees“).
1975 -Jimmy Hoffa, Teamsters union president and organized crime accomplice, disappears near Detroit. He is never seen or heard from again (b. 1913).
1996 -Claudette Colbert*, French-American actress and singer (b. 1903) (It Happened One Night).
2007 - Ingmar Bergman*, Swedish director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1918) (The Seventh Seal).

Other Events:

La Marseillaise (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

Battle of the Crater (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

USS Indianapolis (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1619 – In Jamestown, Virginia, the first representative assembly in the Americas, the House of Burgesses, convenes for the first time.
1792 - The French national anthem, “La Marseillaise” by Claude Joseph Rouget de Lisle, was first sung in Paris.
1864 – American Civil War: Battle of the Crater: Union forces attempt to break through Confederate lines at Petersburg, Virginia by exploding a large bomb under their trenches.
1932 – Premiere of Walt Disney‘s Flowers and Trees, the first cartoon short to use Technicolor and the first Academy Award winning cartoon short.
1945 – World War II: Japanese submarine I-58 sinks the USS Indianapolis, in shark-infested waters, just after it delivered the first atomic bomb. Only 317 of the 1,196 men on board survived.
1965 – U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Social Security Act of 1965 into law, establishing Medicare and Medicaid.
1974 - Watergate scandal: U.S. President Richard Nixon releases subpoenaed White House tape recordings after being ordered to do so by the Supreme Court.
1976 - American Bruce Jenner wins gold in the decathlon at the Montreal Olympics. His 8,617 points set a world record in the event.

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See the story of the photo: http://www.wikitree.com/g2g/275099/shared-photo-nicholas-and-anna-jacobs-at-home

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by Bob Fields

On July 24:
Birthdays:

Simon Bolivar (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Alexandre Dumas (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

Amelia Earhart (Image Credit: WikiTree)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1783 - Simón Bolívar, Venezuelan general and liberator, 2nd President of Venezuela (d. 1830) (Simón Bolívar Day).
1802 - Alexandre Dumas*, French novelist and playwright (d. 1870) (The Count of Monte CristoThe Three Musketeers).
1897 - Amelia Earhart, American pilot and author (d. 1937).
1968 - Kristin Chenoweth, American Broadway and television actress and singer (Wicked).
1969 - Jennifer Lopez*, American actress, singer, and dancer.

Deaths:

Martin van Buren (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Peter Sellers (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

William J Brennan (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1862 - Martin Van Buren, American lawyer and politician, 8th U.S. President (b. 1782).
1980 - Peter Sellers, English actor, singer, director, and screenwriter (b. 1925) (The Pink Panther).
1997 - William J. Brennan, Jr., American colonel, lawyer, and Supreme Court jurist (b. 1906)

Other Events:

Jacques Cartier (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Mary, Queen of Scots (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Brigham Young (Image Credit: WikiTree)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1534 – French explorer Jacques Cartier takes possession of Canada in the name of Francis I of France.
1567 - Mary, Queen of Scots, is forced to abdicate and replaced by her 1-year-old son James VI.
1847 – After 17 months of travel, Brigham Young leads 148 Mormon pioneers into Salt Lake Valley, establishing Salt Lake City.
1959 – At the opening of the American National Exhibition in Moscow, U.S. Vice President Richard Nixon and Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev have a “Kitchen Debate“.
1974 - Watergate scandal: The U.S. Supreme Court orders President Nixon to surrender the White House tapes to the Watergate special prosecutor.

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by Bob Fields

On July 23:
Birthdays:

Clement XI (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Haile Selassie (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

Daniel Radcliffe (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1649 – Pope Clement XI, a patron of the arts who saved much of Rome’s antiquity (d. 1721).
1891 - Harry Cohn*, American film president, film producer, co-founder of Columbia Pictures Corporation (d. 1958).
1892 - Haile Selassie*, Ethiopian emperor during the Italian invasion (d. 1975).
1961 - Woody Harrelson, American actor, activist, and playwright (The People vs. Larry FlyntCheers).
1989 - Daniel Radcliffe, English actor (Harry Potter).

Deaths:

Roger Sherman (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Ulysses S. Grant (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Philippe Petain (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1793 - Roger Sherman, American lawyer and politician, signer of the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution (b. 1721).
1885 - Ulysses S. Grant, American Civil War general, 18th U.S. President (b. 1822).
1948 - D. W. Griffith, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1875) (The Birth of a Nation).
1951 - Philippe Pétain*, French Marshal, Vichy Prime Minister, tried and convicted for treason after WW2 (b. 1856).
1966 - Montgomery Clift, American actor and screenwriter (b. 1920) (From Here to EternityJudgment at Nuremberg).
2011 - Amy Winehouse, English singer-songwriter (b. 1983).
2012 - Sally Ride, American physicist, the first American woman in space (b. 1951).

Other Events:

Henry Halleck (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

Serbian ultimatum (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

Treblinka (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1829 - William Austin Burt* patents the typographer, a precursor to the typewriter.
1840 – The Province of Canada is created by the Act of Union, merging the two Colonies of Upper and Lower Canada.
1862 – American Civil War: Henry Halleck* takes command of the Union Army, in the aftermath of the failed Peninsula Campaign in Virginia.
1914 – Austria-Hungary issues the July Ultimatum to Serbia after the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand. Serbia accepts all but one of those demands, and Austria declares war on July 28.
1921 – The Communist Party of China (CPC) launches the founding National Congress, establishing the Chinese Communist party.
1942 - The Holocaust: The Treblinka extermination camp is opened in occupied Poland. Approximately 900,000 Jews were killed in its gas chambers.

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by Bob Fields

On July 17:
Birthdays:

John Jacob Astor (Image Credit: WikiTree)

James Cagney (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Angela Merkel (Image Credit: WikiTree)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1744 - Elbridge Gerry, American merchant and politician, 5th U.S. Vice President (d. 1814) (gerrymandering).
1763 - John Jacob Astor, German-American businessman and philanthropist (d. 1848).
1899 - James Cagney, American actor and dancer (d. 1986) (The Public EnemyYankee Doodle Dandy).
1912 - Art Linkletter*, Canadian-American radio and television host (d. 2010) (Kids Say the Darndest Things).
1917 - Phyllis Diller*, American actress, dancer, and voice artist (d. 2012) (Mad Monster Party).
1928 - Vince Guaraldi*, American singer-songwriter and pianist (d. 1976) (Peanuts).
1935 - Donald Sutherland, Canadian actor and producer (M*A*S*HOrdinary People).
1952 - David Hasselhoff, American actor, singer, and producer.
1954 - Angela Merkel, German chemist and politician, 8th and current Chancellor of Germany.

Deaths:

Adam Smith (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Nicholas II and family (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

Walter Cronkite (Image Credit: WikiTree)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1762 - Peter III of Russia, assassinated (b. 1728).
1790 - Adam Smith, Scottish economist and philosopher (b. 1723) (the Wealth of Nations).
1793 - Charlotte Corday, French revolutionary who murdered Jacobin leader Jean-Paul Marat (b. 1768).
1845 - Charles Grey, English Earl and politician, British Prime Minister, who oversaw the abolition of slavery in the British Empire (b. 1764).
1918 – Tsar Nicholas II of Russia and his entire family are executed by Bolshevik Chekists in Yekaterinburg, Russia (b. 1868).
1959 - Billie Holiday, American singer-songwriter and actress (b. 1915) (Lady Sings the Blues).
2009 - Walter Cronkite, American news journalist (b. 1916).

Other Events:

Charles VII (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Catherine the Great (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Potsdam Conference (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1429 - Hundred Years’ WarCharles VII of France is crowned the King of France in the Reims Cathedral after a successful campaign by Joan of Arc.
1453 - Battle of Castillon: The last battle of Hundred Years’ War.
1762 - Catherine II ”the Great” becomes tsar of Russia upon the murder of Peter III.
1917 – During WW1, King George V changes the British Royal Family surname from the German Saxe-Coburg Gotha to Windsor.
1936 - Spanish Civil War: An Armed Forces rebellion against the recently elected leftist Popular Front government of Spain starts the civil war.
1945 – World War II: Potsdam Conference: The three leaders of the Allied nations, Winston ChurchillHarry S. Truman, and Joseph Stalin, decide the future of a defeated Germany.
1955 - Disneyland is dedicated and opened by Walt Disney in Anaheim, California.
1975 - Apollo-Soyuz Test Project: An American Apollo and a Soviet Soyuz spacecraft dock in orbit, marking the first such link-up between spacecraft from the two nations.

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