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by Bob Fields

On October 22:

Daniel Boone (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Franz Lizst (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Timothy Leary (Image Credit: Wikipedia)











1734 - Daniel Boone, American hunter and explorer (d. 1820).
1811 - Franz Liszt, Hungarian pianist and composer (d. 1886).
1844 - Sarah Bernhardt*, French actress and manager (d. 1923).
1903 - Curly Howard, American actor and singer (d. 1952) (the Three Stooges).
1917 - Joan Fontaine, Japanese-American actress and singer (d. 2013) (RebeccaSuspicion).
1920 - Timothy Leary*, American psychologist and author (d. 1996) (“turn on, tune in, drop out“).
1938 - Christopher Lloyd, American actor (Back to the FutureTaxi).
1952 - Jeff Goldblum, American actor and producer (Jurassic ParkThe Big Chill).


Peyton Randolph (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Paul Cézanne (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

Pretty Boy Floyd (Image Credit: Wikipedia)











1775 - Peyton Randolph, Virginia planter, Speaker of the Virginia House of Burgesses, president of Virginia Conventions, and the first President of the Continental Congress (b. 1721).
1906 - Paul Cézanne*, French painter (b. 1839).
1934 – FBI agents shoot and kill notorious bank robber Pretty Boy Floyd. (b. 1904).
2015 - Joshua Wheeler*, American sergeant, the first service member killed in action while fighting ISIL militants (b. 1975).

Other Events:

Princeton University (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

Royal Observatory (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

Cuban Missile Crisis (Image Credit: Wikipedia)











1746 – The College of New Jersey (Princeton University) receives its charter.
1884 – The Royal Observatory in Britain is adopted as the prime meridian of longitude by the International Meridian Conference.
1957 – Vietnam War: First United States casualties in Vietnam.
1962 - Cuban Missile Crisis: President John F. Kennedy announces a naval “quarantine” of Cuba after reconnaissance planes discovered Soviet nuclear weapons on the island.

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by Bob Fields

On October 15:

Akbar the Great (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

Friedrich Nietzche (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Edith Wilson (Image Credit: WikiTree)











70 BC - Virgil, Roman poet (d. 19 BC) (Aeneid).
1542 - Akbar* the Great, Mughal emperor, who united the Indian subcontinent under his reign (d. 1605).
1608 - Evangelista Torricelli*, Italian physicist and mathematician, invented the barometer (d. 1647).
1844 - Friedrich Nietzsche, German composer, poet, and philosopher (d. 1900) (Übermensch).
1858 - John L. Sullivan, American boxer, actor, and journalist, the first heavyweight champion of gloved boxing and the last heavyweight champion of bare-knuckle boxing (d. 1918).
1872 - Edith Bolling Galt Wilson, American wife of President Woodrow Wilson, who assumed most presidential duties after her husband’s stroke (d. 1961).
1878 - Paul Reynaud*, French lawyer and politician, 118th Prime Minister of France, noted for his stances on economic liberalism and militant opposition to Germany (d. 1966).
1908 - John Kenneth Galbraith, Canadian-American economist and diplomat (d. 2006).
1920 - Mario Puzo, American author and screenwriter (d. 1999) (The Godfather).


Tadeusz Kościuszko (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

Mata Hari (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Cole Porter (Image Credit: Wikipedia)











1817 - Tadeusz Kościuszko, Polish-Lithuanian and American Revolution general and engineer, who led the 1794 Kościuszko Uprising against Imperial Russia and Prussia (b. 1746).
1863 – American Civil War: The Hunley, the first submarine to sink a ship, sinks for the third and last time, killing its inventor, Horace L. Hunley, and her entire 8 man crew (b. 1823).
1917 - Mata Hari, Dutch dancer and spy, is executed by firing squad (b. 1876).
1934 - Raymond Poincaré*, French lawyer and politician, 10th President of France during WW1 (b. 1860).
1945 - Pierre Laval*, the former premier of Vichy France, is shot by a firing squad for treason (b. 1883).
1946 - Hermann Göring, German general and politician, who poisoned himself rather than being executed as a war criminal (b. 1893).
1964 - Cole Porter, American composer and songwriter (b. 1891) (Kiss Me, KateAnything Goes).
1976 - Carlo Gambino*, Italian-American mob boss of the Gambino crime family (b. 1902).

Other Events:

Marie Antoinette (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Napoleon (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Mikhail Gorbachev (Image Credit: Wikipedia)











1529 – The Siege of Vienna ends as the Austrians rout the invading Turks, turning the tide against almost a century of unchecked conquest throughout eastern and central Europe by the Ottoman Empire.
1582 – Pope Gregory XIII implements the Gregorian calendar. In Italy, Poland, Portugal, and Spain, October 4 of this year is followed directly by October 15.
1793 – Queen Marie Antoinette of France is tried and convicted in a swift, pre-determined trial in the Palais de Justice, Paris, and condemned to death the following day.
1815 - Napoleon I of France begins his exile on Saint Helena, following his defeat in the Hundred Days reign and Waterloo.
1878 – The Edison Electric Light Company (later Edison General Electric, or G.E.) begins operation.
1894 – The Dreyfus affairAlfred Dreyfus is arrested for spying.
1928 – The airship, Graf Zeppelin completes its first trans-Atlantic flight.
1964 - Soviet leader Nikita S. Khrushchev is removed from office.
1966 – The Black Panther Party is created by Huey P. Newton* and Bobby Seale*.
1990 – Soviet Union leader Mikhail Gorbachev* is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts to lessen Cold War tensions and open up his nation. He is deposed one year later.
1993 - Nelson Mandela and F.W. de Klerk win the Nobel Peace Prize for their efforts to end apartheid in South Africa.

The individuals marked with “*” don’t have a profile on WikiTree yet. Please help grow our tree.

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by Bob Fields

On October 8:

Eddie Rickenbacker (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Juan Peron (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Matt Damon (Image Credit: WikiTree)










1869 - J. Frank Duryea, who invented the first gasoline-powered automobile in America (d. 1967).
1890 - Eddie Rickenbacker, American soldier and WW1 pilot, Medal of Honor recipient (d. 1973).
1895 - Juan Peron, Argentine general and 3 time President of Argentina (d. 1974).
1917 - Walter Lord*, American historian and author (d. 2002) (A Night to Remember).
1920 - Frank Herbert*, American journalist, photographer, and author (d. 1986) (Dune and its five sequels).
1943 - Chevy Chase, American comedian, actor, and screenwriter (Saturday Night LiveNational Lampoon’s Vacation).
1949 - Sigourney Weaver, American actress and producer (Aliens).
1970 - Matt Damon, American actor, producer, and screenwriter (Good Will Hunting, the Bourne series).


John Hancock (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Franklin Pierce (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Willy Brandt (Image Credit: Wikipedia)









1754 - Henry Fielding, English novelist and playwright (b. 1707) (Tom Jones, the Bow Street Runners).
1793 - John Hancock, American merchant and politician, 1st Governor of Massachusetts, signer of the Declaration of Independence (b. 1737).
1944 - Wendell Willkie*, American captain, lawyer, and 1940 presidential candidate (b. 1892).
1869 - Franklin Pierce, American general, lawyer, and politician, 14th U.S. President (b. 1804).
1967 - Clement Attlee, English soldier, lawyer, and politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom after defeating Winston Churchill (b. 1883).
1992 - Willy Brandt*, German lawyer and politician, 4th Chancellor of GermanyNobel Peace Prize laureate (b. 1913).

Other Events:

Otto von Bismarck (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Great Chicago Fire (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

Alvin C York (Image Credit: WikiTree)










1862 – American Civil War: Battle of Perryville: Union forces halt the Confederate invasion of Kentucky by defeating troops led by General Braxton Bragg.
1862 - Otto von Bismarck becomes Chancellor of the German Empire.
1871 - Great Chicago Fire: Four major fires break out in Chicago, burning for 2 days, killing 300 people, and causing $200 million in damage.
1918 – World War I: In the Argonne Forest in France, U.S. Corporal Alvin C. York single-handedly kills 28 German soldiers and captures 132, for which he is awarded the Medal of Honor.
1939 – World War II: Germany annexes western Poland.
1967 – Guerrilla leader Che Guevara* and his men are captured in Bolivia. He is executed the next day.
1970 - Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn wins the Nobel Prize for literature (The Gulag ArchipelagoOne Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich).
1982 – Poland bans Solidarity and all trade unions, with martial law and several years of repression, but in the end the Communists had to negotiate with the union.
1998 - The U.S. House of Representatives initiates the impeachment inquiry of president Bill Clinton on charges of perjury and obstruction of justice.

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