by Bob Fields
On November 23:
912 - Otto I “the Great”, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 973)
1749 - Edward Rutledge, American captain, slaveholder, youngest signer of the Declaration of Independence, and 39th Governor of South Carolina (d. 1800).
1804 - Franklin Pierce, American general, lawyer, and 14th US President (d. 1869).
1837 - Johannes Diderik van der Waals*, Dutch physicist and thermodynamicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1923) (equation of state for gases and liquids).
1859 - Billy the Kid, William H. Bonney/McCarty, American West gunman/criminal (d. 1881).
1887 - Boris Karloff, English actor and singer (d. 1969) (Frankenstein, How the Grinch Stole Christmas!).
1888 - Harpo Marx, American actor and harpist (d. 1964) (Animal Crackers).
1992 - Miley Cyrus, American singer-songwriter and actress (Hannah Montana).
1499 - Perkin Warbeck, Flemish imposter who claimed to be Richard of Shrewsbury, the lost son of King Edward IV [York] during the reign of King Henry VII [Tudor] of England, hanged (b. 1474).
1814 - Elbridge Gerry, American politician, 5th US Vice President (b. 1744) (gerrymandering).
1890 - William III* [Orange-Nassau], the last male monarch of the Netherlands until the accession of his great-great grandson in 2013 (b. 1817).
1899 - Thomas Henry Ismay*, English businessman, founded White Star Line. His son Bruce Ismay* survived the sinking of the Titanic (b. 1837).
1974 - Cornelius Ryan*, Irish-American journalist and author (b. 1920) (The Longest Day, A Bridge Too Far).
1979 - Merle Oberon*, Indian-American actress and singer (b. 1911) (The Scarlet Pimpernel, The Dark Angel, Wuthering Heights).
2012 - Larry Hagman, American actor, director, and producer (b. 1931) (I Dream of Jeannie, Dallas).
1248 - Conquest of Seville, in modern Spain, by Christian troops under King Ferdinand III of Castile*.
1863 - American Civil War: Battle of Chattanooga begins: Union
1876 - Corrupt Tammany Hall leader William Magear Tweed (“Boss Tweed”) is delivered to authorities in New York City after being captured in Spain.
1940 - World War II: Romania becomes a signatory of the Tripartite Pact, officially joining the Axis powers.
1943 – World War II: Tarawa and Makin atolls
1971 - The People’s Republic of China is seated at the United Nations, including the United Nations Security Council, for the first time.
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