by Bob Fields
On July 5:
1321 - Joan Plantagenet, daughter of Edward II of England and Isabella [Capet] of France, in the Tower of London, married at age 7 to David II [Bruce] of Scotland who was age 4 (d. 1362).
1554 - Elisabeth of Austria*, wife of Charles IX of France, daughter of Emperor Maximilian II (d. 1592).
1586 - Thomas Hooker, English-American settler, founded the Colony of Connecticut (d. 1647).
1801 - David Farragut*, first rear admiral, vice admiral, and admiral in the United States Navy. (d. 1870) (Battle of Mobile Bay).
1810 - P. T. Barnum, showman, co-founded Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus (d. 1891).
1853 - Cecil Rhodes, English-South African businessman and politician, 6th Prime Minister of the Cape Colony, founder of Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe), creator of the Rhodes Scholarship (d. 1902).
1902 - Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr., 3rd US Ambassador to the United Nations (d. 1985).
1911 - Georges Pompidou*, 19th President of France (d. 1974).
1950 - Huey Lewis*, American singer-songwriter and actor (Huey Lewis and the News).
1958 - Bill Watterson*, American cartoonist (Calvin and Hobbes).
1959 - Marc Cohn*, American singer-songwriter and keyboard player (“Walking in Memphis“).
1963 - Edie Falco, American actress (Oz, The Sopranos, Nurse Jackie).
1819 – Sir William Cornwallis*, English admiral and politician (Siege of Louisbourg, Battle of the Saintes). Brother of General Charles Cornwallis*, who lost the American Revolution at Yorktown (b.1744).
1863 - Lewis Armistead, Confederate American general, wounded, captured, and died after Pickett’s Charge at the Battle of Gettysburg (b. 1817).
2002 - Ted Williams*, American baseball player and manager, Baseball Hall of Fame (b. 1918)
2006 - Kenneth Lay*, American businessman (b. 1942) (Enron Corporation bankruptcy).
1687 – Sir Isaac Newton (1642-1727) publishes Principia Mathematica, establishing his laws of motion and law of universal gravitation.
1811 - Venezuela declares independence from Spain, celebrated as Independence Day.
1865 – Reverend William Booth* (1829-1912) founds the Salvation Army in London.
1937 - Spam, the luncheon meat, is introduced into the market by the Hormel Foods Corporation.
1943 – World War II: An Allied invasion fleet sails for Sicily (Operation Husky).
1946 – The bikini goes on sale after debuting during an outdoor fashion show in Paris, France.
1948 – Britain’s National Health Service Act went into effect.
1950 – Korean War: American and North Korean forces first clash, Task Force Smith in the Battle of Osan.
1950 – Zionism: The Knesset passes the Law of Return which grants all Jews the right to immigrate to Israel.
1962 – Algeria becomes independent from France, celebrated as Independence Day.
1975 - Arthur Ashe* (1943-1993) becomes the first black man to win the Wimbledon singles title.
1977 - Zulfikar Ali Bhutto* (1928-1979), the first elected Prime Minister of Pakistan, is overthrown by Military coup, and executed in 1979.
1989 - Iran-Contra affair: Oliver North* (b.1943) is sentenced by Judge Gerhard A. Gesell*, later overturned.
2004 – The first Indonesian presidential election is held
The individuals marked with “*” don’t have a profile on WikiTree yet. Please help grow our tree.