On August 29:
Birthdays:

John Locke (Image Credit: WikiTree)

John McCain (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Michael Jackson (Image Credit: WikiTree)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1632 - John Locke, English physician and philosopher (d. 1704) (theory of mind).
1725 - Charles Townshend*, English politician, Chancellor of the Exchequer (d. 1767) (Townshend Acts).
1809 - Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr., American physician, poet, and author (d. 1894).
1876 - Charles F. Kettering*, American engineer and businessman, invented the electric self-starter for cars, founded Delco Electronics (d. 1958).
1915 - Ingrid Bergman, Swedish-English actress and singer (d. 1982).
1920 - Charlie Parker*, American saxophonist and composer (d. 1955) (Bird).
1923 – Sir Richard Attenborough, English actor, director, and producer (d. 2014) (Gandhi).
1936 - John McCain, American naval aviator, POW, senator, and presidential candidate.
1938 - Elliott Gould, American actor and producer (M*A*S*H).
1958 - Michael Jackson, American singer-songwriter, producer, dancer, and actor (The Jackson 5) (d. 2009).

Deaths:

Brigham Young (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Ingrid Bergman (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Lee Marvin (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1877 - Brigham Young, American religious leader, 2nd President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (b. 1801).
1931 - David T. Abercrombie*, American businessman, co-founded Abercrombie & Fitch (b. 1867).
1982 - Ingrid Bergman, Swedish-English actress and singer (b. 1915)
1987 - Lee Marvin*, American actor and singer (b. 1924) (Cat BallouThe Dirty Dozen).

Other Events:

Frederick the Great (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Treaty of Nanking (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

Katrina (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1756 - Frederick the Great attacks Saxony, beginning the Seven Years’ War.
1786 - Shays’ Rebellion, an armed uprising of Massachusetts farmers, begins in response to high debt and tax burdens.
1842 - Treaty of Nanking signing ends the First Opium War, giving Hong Kong to Britain.
1949 - Soviet atomic bomb project: The Soviet Union tests its first atomic bomb.
2005 - Hurricane Katrina devastates much of the U.S. Gulf Coast, killing 1,836 people and causing over $108 billion in damage.

Christian feast day:  Beheading of St. John the Baptist.

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by Bob Fields

On August 23:
Birthdays:

Louis XVI of France (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Oliver Hazzard Perry (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Gene Kelly (Image Credit: WikiTree)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1754 – King Louis XVI [Bourbon] of France, guillotined in the French Revolution (d. 1793).
1785 - Oliver Hazard Perry, American Commodore and naval hero (d. 1819).
1912 - Gene Kelly, American actor, singer, and comedienne (d. 1996) (Singin’ in the Rain).
1931 - Barbara Eden, American actress and singer (I Dream of Jeannie).
1946 - Keith Moon, English drummer, songwriter, and producer (The Who) d. 1978.
1949 - Shelley Long*, American actress and producer (CheersFrasier, Irreconcilable Differences).
1949 - Rick Springfield*, Australian singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor (“Jessie’s Girl“).
1951 - Queen Noor of Jordan* [Lisa Najeeb Halaby].
1978 - Kobe Bryant*, American basketball player and Olympic athlete.

Deaths:

William Wallace (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Rudolph Valentino (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Oscar Hammerstein (Image Credit: WikiTree)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

30 BC – Emperor Octavian executes Marcus Antonius Antyllus, eldest son of Marc Antony, and Caesarion, the last Ptolemaic king of Egypt and only child of Julius Caesarand Cleopatra.
1305 - Sir William Wallace (b. c. 1270) is executed for high treason at Smithfield in London.
1628 - George Villiers, the first Duke of Buckingham, alleged to have a very personal relationship with King James I of England, is assassinated by John Felton* (1595-1628).
1806 - Charles-Augustin de Coulomb*, French physicist (b. 1736) (Coulomb’s law).
1819 - Oliver Hazard Perry, American Commodore, of Yellow Fever (b. 1785)
1926 - Rudolph Valentino, Italian-American silent film actor (b. 1895)
1927 – Italian-American anarchists Nicola Sacco* (b. 1891) and Bartolomeo Vanzetti* (b. 1888) are executed after a lengthy, controversial trial.
1960 - Oscar Hammerstein II, American director, producer, and composer (b. 1895).

Other Events:

Molotov, Ribbentrop and Stalin (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

Tim Berners-Lee (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

Muammar Gaddafi (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1572 - French Wars of Religion Mob violence against Huguenots in Paris results in the St. Bartholomew’s Day massacre.
1775 - American Revolutionary WarKing George III delivers his Proclamation of Rebellion to the Court of St. James’s stating that the American colonies have proceeded to a state of rebellion.
1784 – Western North Carolina (now eastern Tennessee) declares itself an independent state under the name of Franklin; it is not accepted into the US, and only lasts for four years.
1814 - Dolley Madison saves a portrait of George Washington from being looted by British troops who burned Washington DC during the War of 1812.
1839 – The United Kingdom captures Hong Kong as a base as it prepares for war (the First Opium War) with Qing China.
1866 - Austro-Prussian War ends with the Treaty of Prague.
1914 – World War I: Japan declares war on Germany and bombs Qingdao, China.
1914 – World War I: Battle of Mons: the first major action of the British Expeditionary Force (BEF).
1939 – World War II: Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union sign a non-aggression treaty, the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact. Finland, Romania, and Poland are divided between the two nations.
1944 – World War II: Marseille is liberated by the Allies.
1973 – A bank robbery gone wrong in Stockholm, Sweden, turns into a hostage crisis; the hostages begin to sympathize with their captors, leading to the term “Stockholm syndrome“.
1977 – The Gossamer Condor wins the Kremer prize for human powered flight.
1990 – Armenia declares its independence from the Soviet Union.
1990 – West Germany and East Germany announce that they will reunite on October 3.
1991 - Tim Berners-Lee* (b. 1955) opens the WWW, World Wide Web to new users.
1996 - Osama bin Laden* issues message entitled ‘A declaration of war against the Americans occupying the land of the two holy places.’
2007 – The skeletal remains of Russia’s last royal family members Alexei Nikolaevich, Tsarevich of Russia, and his sister Grand Duchess Anastasia are discovered nearYekaterinburg, Russia.
2011 – Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi* is overthrown during the 2011 Libyan civil war.

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by Bob Fields

On August 22:
Birthdays:

Claude Debussy (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

Deng Xiaoping (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

Ray Bradbury (Image Credit: WikiTree)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1834 - Samuel Pierpont Langley, American physicist and astronomer and aviation pioneer, Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution (d. 1906).
1862 - Claude Debussy*, French composer (d. 1918) (Clair de Lune).
1893 - Dorothy Parker*, American poet and author (d. 1967) (Algonquin Round Table).
1904 - Deng Xiaoping*, 1st Vice Premier of the People’s Republic of China from 1978-92 (d. 1997).
1920 - Ray Bradbury, American science fiction author (d. 2012) (Fahrenheit 451The Martian Chronicles).
1922 - Arthur Sackler*, American psychiatrist, entrepreneur and philanthropist (d. 1987) (Sackler Gallery).
1935 - Annie Proulx*, American journalist and Pulitzer Prize winning author (The Shipping News).

Deaths:

Pope Gregory IX (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

Richard III (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Michael Collins (Image Credit: WikiTree)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1241 - Pope Gregory IX*, who instituted the Papal Inquisition to punish people for heresy (b. 1143).
1350 - Philip VI of France, the first King from the House of Valois, and regent at the beginning of the Hundred Years’ War (b. 1293).
1485 – King Richard III [of York] is killed in the Battle of Bosworth Field, the end of the House of Plantagenet and the Wars of the Roses (b. 1452).
1922 - Michael Collins, Commander of the Irish Free State Army, is shot dead during an Anti-Treaty ambush during the Irish Civil War.
1977 - Sebastian Cabot*, English-Canadian actor (b. 1918) (Family AffairThe Jungle Book).
1989 - Huey P. Newton*, American activist, co-founded the Black Panther Party (b. 1942).

Other Events:

Nat Turner (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

America's Cup (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

Siege of Leningrad (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1776 – American Revolution: British forces arrive on Long Island, soon to defeat Washington in the Battle of Long Island, and force him out of Manhattan into New Jersey.
1777 - American Revolution: British forces abandon the Siege of Fort Stanwix, contributing to Burgoyne’s surrender following the Battles of Saratoga in October.
1831 - Nat Turner‘s slave rebellion commences in Southampton County, Virginia.
1851 – The first America’s Cup is won by the yacht America.
1864 – Twelve nations sign the First Geneva Convention.
1941 – World War II: German troops reach Leningrad, leading to the 872 day siege of Leningrad with more than 4 million casualties.
1944 – World War II: Romania is captured by the Soviet Union.

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