by Bob Fields
On March 1:
1732 – William Cushing, American Supreme Court Justice (d. 1810).
1848 – Augustus Saint-Gaudens*, Irish-American Beaux-Arts sculptor known for his many Civil War monuments and numismatic designs (d. 1907).
1904 – Glenn Miller*, American swing bandleader (Glenn Miller Orchestra) (d. 1944) (“In the Mood“, “Moonlight Serenade“, “Chattanooga Choo Choo“).
1910 – David Niven*, English actor (d. 1983) (Around the World in 80 Days, The Pink Panther, Separate Tables).
1917 – Robert Lowell, American, won the Pulitzer Prize for Poetry in 1947 and 1974 (d. 1977).
1922 – Yitzhak Rabin, 5th Prime Minister of Israel, 1994 Nobel Peace Prize laureate for the Oslo Accords (d. 1995).
1922 – William Gaines*, American publisher (d. 1992) (Mad magazine).
1924 – Deke Slayton*, American pilot and Mercury Seven astronaut, NASA’s first Chief of the Astronaut Office (d. 1993).
1927 – Harry Belafonte*, American singer-songwriter, actor, and activist (Calypso, Carmen Jones, Island in the Sun).
1935 – Robert Conrad*, American actor (The Wild Wild West, Black Sheep Squadron).
1954 – Ron Howard*, American actor, director, and producer (The Andy Griffith Show, Happy Days, A Beautiful Mind).
1987 – Kesha* (Ke$ha), American singer-songwriter.
1994 – Justin Bieber, Canadian (not American) singer.
1562 – Massacre of Vassy: Twenty-three Huguenots are murdered by Catholics, marking the start of the French Wars of Religion which lasted until 1598.
1792 – Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor, a moderate proponent of enlightened absolutism (b. 1747).
1911 – Jacobus Henricus van ‘t Hoff*, Dutch chemist, 1901 Nobel Prize laureate for his discoveries in physical chemistry, the first such award (b. 1852).
1984 – Jackie Coogan, American actor (b. 1914) (The Kid, Uncle Fester on The Addams Family).
293 – Emperor Diocletian* and Maximian* appoint Constantius Chlorus and Galerius* as Caesars, the beginning of the Tetrarchy.
1642 – Georgeana, Massachusetts (now York, Maine), becomes the first incorporated city in the U.S., by charter of King Charles I.
1692 – Sarah Good*, Sarah Osborne and Tituba* are brought before local magistrates in Salem Village, Massachusetts, beginning the Salem witch trials.
1781 – The U.S. Continental Congress adopts the Articles of Confederation of sovereign states, its first constitution.
1790 – The first U.S. census is authorized.
1815 – Napoleon returns to France from his banishment on Elba, beginning the Hundred Days and his defeat at the Battle of Waterloo.
1845 – President John Tyler signs a bill authorizing the U.S. to annex the Republic of Texas.
1872 – Yellowstone National Park is established as the world’s first national park.
1893 – Electrical engineer Nikola Tesla gives the first public demonstration of radio waves in St. Louis, Missouri.
1896 – Henri Becquerel* discovers radioactivity.
1917 – The U.S. releases the Zimmermann Telegram to the public, which proposes a German alliance with Mexico in exchange for Texas, Arizona, and New Mexico.
1932 – Charles Augustus Lindbergh III, the infant son of the aviator, is kidnapped. His body was discovered 2 months later.
1936 – The Hoover Dam is completed on the Colorado River.
1941 – World War II: Bulgaria signs the Tripartite Pact, allying itself with the Axis powers.
1946 – The Bank of England is nationalised.
1947 – The International Monetary Fund begins financial operations.
1953 – Soviet Premier Joseph Stalin suffers a stroke and collapses; he dies four days later.
1954 – Castle Bravo, a 15-megaton hydrogen bomb, is detonated on Bikini Atoll in the Pacific Ocean, the most powerful detonation by the United States (one-third the energy of the Tsar Bomba).
1961 – American President John F. Kennedy establishes the Peace Corps.
1966 – Venera 3: Soviet space probe crashes on Venus, the first spacecraft to land on another planet’s surface.
1974 – Watergate scandal: Seven are indicted for their role in the Watergate break-in and charged with conspiracy to obstruct justice.
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