by Bob Fields

On October 19:

Martha Jefferson (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

Charles Merrill (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

Jack Anderson (Image Credit: Wikipedia)









1748 – Martha Wayles Skelton Jefferson, wife of US President Thomas Jefferson (d. 1782).
1862 – Auguste Lumière, French director and producer, patented the cinematograph (d. 1954).
1885 – Charles Merrill*, American banker, co-founded Merrill Lynch Wealth Management (d. 1956).
1901 – Arleigh Burke*, American WW2 admiral (d. 1996).
1922 – Jack Anderson*, American journalist, syndicated columnist, and author. 1972 Pulitzer Prize winner (d. 2005).
1931 – John le Carré*, English intelligence officer and author (The Spy Who Came in from the Cold).
1932 – Robert Reed*, American stage, film and television actor and television director. (d. 1992) (The Brady Bunch).
1945 – John Lithgow*, American actor, musician, and author (The World According to Garp, Terms of Endearment, Footloose, 3rd Rock from the Sun, Dexter).
1969 – Trey Parker*, American actor, animator, producer, and screenwriter (South Park, The Book of Mormon).
1969 – John Edward*, American psychic and author (Crossing Over).


King John I (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

Jonathan Swift (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

Ernest Rutherford (Image Credit: Wikipedia)









1216 – John, King of England, who signed the Magna Carta (b. 1167).
1745 – Jonathan Swift*, Irish satirist, essayist, political pamphleteer (b. 1667) (Gulliver’s Travels).
1937 – Ernest Rutherford*, New Zealand-English physicist and chemist, Nobel Prize in Chemistry laureate, the father of nuclear physics (b. 1871).
1978 – Gig Young*, American actor (b. 1913) (They Shoot Horses, Don’t They?).

Other Events:

Surrender at Yorktown (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

John Jay (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

Napoleon's Retreat From Moscow (Image Credit: Wikipedia)








202 BC -Battle of Zama: Roman legions under Scipio Africanus defeat Hannibal Barca, ending the Second Punic War. Carthage never again recovers supremacy.
1781 – At Yorktown, Virginia, British commander Lord Cornwallis surrenders to George Washington and the comte de Rochambeau*, effectively ending the American Revolution. The British bands played the song “The World Turned Upside Down.” Two years later, a formal treaty was signed.
1789 – John Jay is sworn in as the first Chief Justice of the US Supreme Court.
1796 – Alexander Hamilton, using a pseudonym in the Gazette of the United States, accuses widowed Thomas Jefferson of having an affair with his slave Sally Hemings. DNA evidence later shows this to likely be true.
1812 – Napoleon Bonaparte retreats from Moscow, one month after occupying the city. The Grande Armée lost over 480,000 out of 615,000 men during the Russian invasion.
1864 – Battle of Cedar CreekUnion Army under Philip Sheridan* destroys a Confederate Army under Jubal Early*. The final Confederate invasion of the North was effectively ended.
1914 – The First Battle of Ypres begins. The battle completed the entrenchments of the “race to the sea” and inaugurated the static western front.
1933 – Germany withdraws from the League of Nations.
1935 – The League of Nations places deliberately ineffectual economic sanctions on fascist Italy for its invasion of Ethiopia.
1950 – The People’s Republic of China joins the Korean War by sending thousands of troops across the Yalu River to fight United Nations forces. United Nations forces entered the North Korean capital of Pyongyang on the same day.
1960 – Cold War: The US imposes a trade embargo against Cuba, which remains in effect today, in response to Cuba’s seizure of U.S. properties and alignment with the Soviet Union.
2005 – Saddam Hussein* goes on trial in Baghdad for crimes against humanity.

The individuals marked with “*” don’t have a profile on WikiTree yet. Please help grow our tree.

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by Bob Fields

On October 18:

Edward Winslow (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Pierre Trudeau (Image Credit: WikiTree)

George C. Scott (Image Credit: Wikipedia)










1595 – Edward Winslow, Mayflower passenger, 3rd Governor of Plymouth Colony, Massachusetts (d. 1655).
1919 – Pierre Trudeau, Canadian lawyer, academic, and politician, 15th Prime Minister of Canada (d. 2000).
1926 – Chuck Berry*, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (“Johnny B. Goode“).
1927 – George C. Scott*, American actor and director (d. 1999) (Patton, Dr. Strangelove).
1935 – Peter Boyle*, American actor (d. 2006) (Young Frankenstein, Everybody Loves Raymond).
1960 – Jean-Claude Van Damme*, Belgian martial artist, actor, and director (Universal Soldier).
1961 – Wynton Marsalis*, American trumpet player, composer, and educator, Artistic Director of Jazz at Lincoln Center in NYC, Grammy and Pulitzer Prize winner.


Margaret Tudor (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Thomas Edison (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Bess Truman (Image Credit: Wikipedia)









1541 – Margaret Tudor, English wife of James IV of Scotland, elder sister of Henry VIII (b. 1489).
1871 – Charles Babbage*, English mathematician and engineer, invented the mechanical computer (b. 1791).
1931 – Thomas Edison, American inventor and businessman, invented the light bulb and phonograph (b. 1847).
1973 – Walt Kelly*, American comic illustrator and animator (b. 1913) (Pogo).
1982 – Bess Truman, wife of Harry S. Truman, 40th First Lady of the US (b. 1885).

Other Events:

Ferdinand and Isabella (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

DNA Structure (Image Credit: Wikipedia)











1469 – Queen Isabella I of Castile and King Ferdinand II of Aragon are married, uniting the Spanish empire. They ordered the expulsion of all Jews and Muslims, established the Spanish Inquisition, and authorized the expeditions of Christopher Columbus.
1685 – King Louis XIV of France revokes the Edict of Nantes, which had established the legal toleration the Protestant Huguenots, driving an exodus and increasing the hostility of Protestant nations bordering France.
1767 – Charles Mason and Jeremiah Dixon* complete their survey of the boundary between Pennsylvania and Maryland, creating the  Mason-Dixon line. It served as a demarcation line for the legality of slavery.
1851 – Herman Melville‘s Moby-Dick is first published.
1867 – The US takes possession of Alaska after purchasing it from Russia for $7.2 million, negotiated by Secretary of State William H. Seward (1801-72).
1898 – The US takes possession of Puerto Rico after the Spanish-American War.
1922 – The British Broadcasting Company (BBC) is founded.
1942 – Vice. Adm. William F. Halsey replaces Vice Adm. Robert L. Ghormley* as commander, South Pacific.
1944 – World War II: Soviet Union begins the liberation of Czechoslovakia from Nazi Germany.
1945 – Argentine military officer and President Juan Perón marries actress Eva “Evita” Duarte*.
1962 – Francis Crick* and James D. Watson are awarded the Nobel Prize for Medicine for determining the double-helix molecular structure of DNA.
1968 – The U.S. Olympic Committee suspends Tommie Smith* and John Carlos* for giving a “Black Power” salute during a victory ceremony at the Mexico City Olympics.
2007 – Karachi bombing: Former Pakistani Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto* ends eight years of self-imposed exile. A suicide attack on her motorcade kills 139 and wounds 450. Bhutto is uninjured.

The individuals marked with “*” don’t have a profile on WikiTree yet. Please help grow our tree.

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by Abby Glann

Last week’s tip was the best one for any family history novice-talk to your family and take lots of notes! This week we’re going to do something with all those notes. Right now things can seem like a jumble but genealogists have some great charts they use to try to keep things straight. You can either sketch these out or print them off, but using a pedigree chart is great to visualize your tree, which can help when you are ready to move on to sharing your work with others. There are couple different styles:
This one is probably the most common used by researchers, a single sided chart. You put yourself in that first box (or whoever your beginning ancestor you’re researching is) and then the top line is always the father and the bottom is the mother. Once you reach the end of the page, you take that last person and start a new chart with them as the first person, then their parents, their parents’ parents,and and so on.
And a double sided chart. Same idea, but you put yourself in the very middle, and one parent on either side:
There are a lot of places to download these, but here are a couple to get your started:
Got aunts’ and uncles’ and cousins’ information, too? Hold onto it-we’ve got a chart for that! We’ll wait to talk about it until next week. This week’s homework-put your parents, grandparents, and great-grandparents into those charts we can work with them later!
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Hi WikiTreers,

Welcome to  another installment of “Meet our Members”! It’s time to get to know another awesome Leader who is part of our outstanding community. Meet Martyn:

Surnames you are researching:

Family: Grifhorst, de Boer, Raspel, Kenter, van Geerenstein, van de Vis

EuroAristo: Hohenzollern, Sachsen, Orange-Nassau, Lombardia

Locations you are researching:

The Netherlands, Germany, France, Italy, USA (Michigan area), Canada

When and how did you get interested in genealogy and family history?

I started getting interested in family relations already when I was a child, but real genealogy about 10 years ago. My parents moved from the West to the East of the Netherlands before I was born. Because of this we hardly had any contact with the rest of the family. I only saw aunts or uncles once or twice a year because they all lived so far away. All four of my grandparents died before I was born, so I basically grew up without any family other then my parents. About 20 years ago I made my first family tree, simply because I wanted to know who my family was, but I hit a brick wall with my GGG-Grandmother because her maiden-name was the same as my last name. About 5 years ago I had a breakthrough and found not only the rest of the lineage but also the origin of our family name and that it was unique and one-of-a-kind in the world. After a quick search on Facebook I found hundreds of people all over the world who all must be related to me one way or the other. It is then when my interest in genealogy really took a turn for the worse ;-)

Who’s your favorite ancestor and why?

This must be my GGG-Grandmother, Berendina. She was a real adventurer; she got a divorce, gave her maiden name to half of her children, moved from a small rural village to the city and then to the capital of the world, Amsterdam. Back at the start of the 19th century! What a woman she must have been.

Tell us about the brick wall you most want to tear down.

I have traced back my male lineage all the way to a man that lived mid-16th century. All I have is a name. But in a time when hardly any records were kept, it’s almost impossible to find more information.

If you could pick one person in history to be related to, who would it be and why?

I really don’t know. There are a lot of historically significant people I admire and wouldn’t mind being related to.

What are some of your interests outside of genealogy?

I have an interest in quantum-physics and popular science. I love to read about strange natural phenomenon’s and where this world is going to. Nanotechnology, intergalactic travel, supercomputers.

How long have you been on WikiTree and how active are you?

I joined WikiTree in February of 2011 and have mapped out most of my family. I also love to do projects and help people out. So I started as Leader and Greeter and later got involved into the EuroAristo Project and the New Netherlands Settlers Project. I’m active on a daily basis, sometimes just by reading the G2G forum or research for people with ancestors in the Netherlands.

What are some of the features/aspects of WikiTree that you love/don’t love as much?

I love the fact that WikiTree is about one, big, global familytree, instead of everybody creating there own little tree.

Any tips for someone just starting out on WikiTree?

Just start with the basics and add your own family. Then look for matches and see where it leads you. Follow the yellow and green WikiRoad.

If you could leave one message for your descendants, what would it be?

Could you please not marry other relatives. It’s making my work very complex!

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