by Bob Fields

On September 24:
Birthdays:

John Marshall (Image Credit: WikiTree)

F. Scott Fitzgerald (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Jim Henson (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1564 - William Adams*, English sailor and navigator, the first to reach Japan, a key advisor to the shogun and trade representative (d. 1620).
1583 - Albrecht von Wallenstein*, Bohemian general, a major force during the Thirty Years’ War for the Habsburg Monarchy (d. 1634).
1755 - John Marshall, American Representative, Secretary of State, 4th Supreme Court Chief Justice (d. 1835).
1896 - F. Scott Fitzgerald, American novelist and short story writer (d. 1940) (The Great GatsbyTender Is the Night).
1898 - Howard Florey, Australian pharmacologist and pathologist, 1945 Nobel Prize laureate for his role in development of penicillin (d. 1968).
1902 – Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini*, Iranian religious leader and politician, 1st Supreme Leader of Iran (d. 1989).
1936 - Jim Henson, American puppeteer, director, producer and screenwriter, created The Muppets (d. 1990).
1948 - Phil Hartman, Canadian-American actor and screenwriter, killed by his wife (d. 1998) (Saturday Night Live).

Deaths:

Pepin the Short (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Albert of Mainz (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

Dr. Seuss (Image Credit: WikiTree)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

768 - Pepin the Short, Frankish king, the first of the Carolingians to become king, father of Charlemagne (b. 714).
1545 - Albert of Mainz*, German cardinal, whose indulgences infuriated Martin Luther, which led to the 95 Theses, which led to the Protestant Reformation (b. 1490).
1889 - D. H. Hill*, American Confederate general and academic (b. 1821).
1991 - Dr. Seuss (Theodor Seuss Geisel), American children’s book writer, poet, and illustrator (b. 1904).

Other Events:

Hijra (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

Devil's Tower (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

Little Rock (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

622 - Muhammad and his followers completed their Hijra from Mecca to Medina to escape religious persecution.
1789 – The U.S. Congress creates the office of the Attorney General and the federal judiciary system, and orders the composition of the Supreme Court.
1869 – “Black Friday“: Gold prices plummet after Ulysses S. Grant orders the Treasury to sell large quantities of gold after Jay Gould and James Fisk* plot to control the market.
1906 – U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt proclaims Devils Tower in Wyoming as the nation’s first National Monument.
1957 – President Dwight D. Eisenhower sends troops to Little Rock, Arkansas, to enforce desegregation.

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by Bob Fields

On September 18:
Birthdays:

Trajan (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Leon Foucault (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

Greta Garbo (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

53 - Trajan, Roman emperor, who presided over the military expansion leading the empire to its maximum territorial extent (d. 117) (Trajan’s Column).
1709 - Samuel Johnson, English poet, essayist, moralist, literary critic, biographer, editor and lexicographer (d. 1784).
1779 - Joseph Story, American Supreme Court jurist, remembered for The Amistad case, and Commentaries on the Constitution of the United States (d. 1845).
1819 - Léon Foucault*, French physicist and academic, measured the speed of light, named the gyroscope (d. 1868) (Foucault pendulum).
1905 - Greta Garbo*, Swedish-American actress (d. 1990) (Grand HotelCamilleNinotchka).
1905 - Eddie “Rochester” Anderson*, American actor (d. 1977) (The Jack Benny Program).
1907 - Edwin McMillan*, American physicist and chemist, Manhattan Project scientist, Nobel Prize laureate, the first to produce a transuranium element (d. 1991).
1961 - James Gandolfini, American actor and producer (d. 2013) (The Sopranos).

Deaths:

Louis VII (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Dag Hammarsjkold (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

Jimi Hendrix (Image Credit: WikiTree)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

96 - Domitian is assassinated, ending a 15 year reign. Nerva* is proclaimed Roman emperor (b. 51).
1180 - Louis VII of France, who married Eleanor of Aquitaine, founded of the University of Paris, constructed Notre-Dame de Paris, and initiated the disastrous Second Crusade (b. 1120).
1949 - Frank Morgan, American actor (b. 1890) (The Wizard of Oz).
1961 - Dag Hammarskjöld, Swedish economist and diplomat, 2nd Secretary-General of the United NationsNobel Prize laureate, dies in a mysterious plane crash in northern Rhodesia (b. 1905).
1967 - John Cockcroft*, English physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate, who was instrumental in the development of nuclear power (b. 1897).
1970 - Jimi Hendrix, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1942) (“Purple Haze“).

Other Events:

Constantine (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

1812 Moscow Fire (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

MacArthur in Tokyo (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

324 - Constantine the Great decisively defeats Licinius in the Battle of Chrysopolis, establishing Constantine’s sole control over the Roman Empire.
1066 – Norwegian king Harald Hardrada lands on the beaches of Scarborough and begins his invasion of England. His death at Stamford Bridge one week later brought an end to the Viking Age.
1180 - Philip Augustus (II) [Capet] becomes king, the first French monarch to style himself king of France.
1759 - Seven Years’ War: The French surrender Quebec City to the British.
1793 – The cornerstone of the U.S. Capitol building is laid by George Washington.
1812 - The 1812 Fire of Moscow dies down after destroying more than three-quarters of the city, following the Battle of BorodinoNapoleon returns to the Kremlin.
1850 – The U.S. Congress passes the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850, requiring escaped slaves in free states to be returned to their masters.
1943 – World War II: The Jews of Minsk are massacred at Sobibór.
1945 – General Douglas MacArthur moves his command headquarters to Tokyo, following the Japanese surrender.
1947 – The U.S. National Security Council and the Central Intelligence Agency are established under the National Security Act.
1948 - Margaret Chase Smith of Maine becomes the first woman elected to the U.S. Senate.

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by Bob Fields

On September 17:
Birthdays:

Billy the Kid (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Warren Burger (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

Anne Bancroft (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1730 - Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben, Prussian-American general in the American Revolution (d. 1794).
1739 - John Rutledge, American judge and politician, 2nd Supreme Court Chief Justice (d. 1800).
1743 - Marquis de Condorcet*, French mathematician and political scientist, who advocated free and equal public instruction, constitutionalism, and equal rights, embodying the Age of Enlightenment (d. 1794).
1859 - Billy the Kid, American gunman (d. 1881).
1907 - Warren E. Burger*, American lawyer and judge, 15th U.S. Supreme Court Chief Justice (d. 1995).
1931 - Anne Bancroft*, American actress (d. 2005) (The Miracle Worker).

Deaths:

Philip IV (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Dred Scott (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Somoza (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1574 - Pedro Menéndez de Avilés*, Spanish admiral and explorer, founded St. Augustine, Florida, the oldest city in the United States (b. 1519).
1665 - Philip IV of Spain, who ruled during the challenging period of the Thirty Years’ War (b. 1605).
1858 - Dred Scott, American slave, who unsuccessfully sued for his freedom in the U.S. Supreme Court (b. 1795).
1908 – The Wright Flyer flown by Orville Wright, crashes. Lieutenant Thomas Selfridge*, passenger, becomes the first airplane fatality (b. 1882).
1980 - Anastasio Somoza*, Nicaraguan commander and politician, 73rd President of Nicaragua, assassinated in Paraguay (b. 1925).
1997 - Red Skelton, American actor and comedian (b. 1913)

Other Events:

Constitutional Convention (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

Antietam (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

Russia invades Poland (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1683 - Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, inventor of the microscope, writes the first known description of protozoa.
1787 – The U.S. Constitution is signed in Philadelphia by 38 of 41 delegates present at the Constitutional Convention.
1814 - Francis Scott Key finishes his poem “Defence of Fort McHenry”, later to be the lyrics of “The Star-Spangled Banner“.
1862 – American Civil War: George B. McClellan halts the northward drive of Robert E. Lee in the Battle of Antietam, the bloodiest day in American military history, with 22,717 dead, wounded, or missing.
1916 – World War I: Manfred von Richthofen (“The Red Baron”), a German flying ace, wins his first aerial combat.
1939 – World War II: Polish Defensive War: The Soviet Union invades Poland, remembered today as Sybirak’s Day. Three weeks later, the campaign ends with the annexation and division of Poland with Germany.
1944 – World War II: Allied Airborne troops parachute into the Netherlands as the “Market” half of Operation Market Garden.
1976 – The first Space Shuttle, Enterprise, is unveiled by NASA.

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