by Bob Fields
On August 30:
1797 - Mary Shelley, English author and playwright (d. 1851) (Frankenstein).
1871 - Ernest Rutherford*, New Zealand-English physicist and chemist, Nobel Prize laureate, the father of nuclear physics (d. 1937).
1893 - Huey Long*, American lawyer and politician, the “Kingfish” of Louisiana politics, 40th Governor of Louisiana (d. 1935).
1908 - Fred MacMurray*, American actor (d. 1991) (Double Indemnity , My Three Sons).
1913 – Sir Richard Stone*, English economist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1991).
1918 - Ted Williams*, American baseball player and manager, last player in MLB to bat over .400 in a single season (d. 2002).
1928 – Dr. Ruth Westheimer*, sex therapist (“Dr. Ruth”).
1930 - Warren Buffett, American businessman and philanthropist, Berkshire Hathaway chairman and CEO.
1935 - John Phillips, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (The Mamas & the Papas) (d. 2001).
1972 - Cameron Diaz, American model and actress (There’s Something About Mary, Shrek).
526 - Theoderic the Great, king of the Germanic Ostrogoths (475-526), ruler of Italy (493-526), dies of dysentery at Ravenna, Italy (b. 454)
1483 - Louis XI of France [Valois], king during the end of the Hundred Years’ War (b. 1423).
1879 - John Bell Hood, Confederate American general (b. 1831) (Atlanta, Franklin-Nashville).
1940 - J. J. Thomson, English physicist, Nobel Prize laureate, discovered the electron (b. 1856).
2003 - Charles Bronson, American actor (b. 1921) (The Magnificent Seven, The Dirty Dozen, Death Wish)
1682 - William Penn leaves England to sail to New World.
1776 – American Revolution: US Colonial army evacuates Long Island and falls back to Manhattan, NYC.
1781 – American Revolution: French fleet under Comte de Grasse (1722-1788) defeats Admiral Thomas Graves (1725-1802) at battle of Chesapeake Capes, preventing the evacuation of the besieged British forces at Yorktown VA.
1862 – Confederates defeat Union forces at the Second Battle of Bull Run in Manassas, VA.
1914 – World War I: Germans defeat the Russians in the Battle of Tannenberg, the almost complete destruction of the Russian Second Army. Alexander Samsonov, Russian general, commits suicide.
1918 - Vladimir Lenin, Bolshevik leader (1870-1924), is shot by Fanni Kaplan. This prompts the decree for Red Terror.
1918 - Czechoslovakia forms independent republic.
1942 – Nazi-Germany annexes Luxembourg.
1945 – Hong Kong is liberated from Japan by British Armed Forces.
1946 – Gen. Douglas MacArthur (1880-1964) arrives in Japan and sets up Allied occupation headquarters.
1963 – The Moscow-Washington hotline between the leaders of the US and the Soviet Union goes into operation.
1967 - Thurgood Marshall (1908-93) is confirmed as the first African American Justice of the US Supreme Court.
1980 – Striking Polish workers win a sweeping victory in a battle with their Communist rulers for the right to independent trade unions.
2001 - Former Yugoslav president Slobodan Milosevic (1941-2006) is to be charged with genocide.