by Bob Fields
On July 26:
1856 - George Bernard Shaw, Irish playwright, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1950) (Pygmalion).
1875 - Carl Jung, Swiss psychiatrist and psychotherapist, founded analytical psychology (d. 1961).
1894 - Aldous Huxley, English author (d. 1963) (Brave New World).
1895 - Gracie Allen, American actress and comedienne (d. 1964) (Burns and Allen).
1909 - Vivian Vance, American actress (d. 1979) (Ethel Mertz on I Love Lucy).
1922 - Jason Robards, Oscar, Emmy, and Tony award winner (d. 2000) (All the President’s Men, Julia).
1928 - Stanley Kubrick, American director, producer, screenwriter, and cinematographer (d. 1999) (Spartacus, Dr. Strangelove , 2001: A Space Odyssey, The Shining).
1940 - Dobie Gray, American singer-songwriter and producer (d. 2011) (“Drift Away“).
1943 - Mick Jagger, English singer-songwriter (The Rolling Stones).
1945 - Helen Mirren, English actress. Oscar, Emmy, Golden Globe winner (Elizabeth I, The Queen).
1959 - Kevin Spacey, American actor (The Usual Suspects, American Beauty, L.A. Confidential).
1964 - Sandra Bullock, American actress (The Blind Side, Speed, Gravity).
Feast Day of Saint Anne (Western Christianity), mother of Mary and grandmother of Jesus.
811 -Byzantine Emperor Nikephoros I [Genikos] is killed in the Battle of Pliska, and his heir son Staurakios is seriously wounded, one of the worst defeats in Byzantine history, by Bulgarian forces.
1863 - Sam Houston, American soldier and politician, founder and President and Governor of Texas (b. 1793).
1925 - William Jennings Bryan, American lawyer and Presidential nominee, 41st Secretary of State (b. 1860).
1926 - Robert Todd Lincoln, American lawyer and politician, 35th Secretary of War (b. 1843).
1952 - Eva Perón (Evita), Argentinian actress and first lady, 25th First Lady of Argentina (b. 1919).
1992 - Mary Wells, American singer-songwriter (b. 1943) (Motown: “My Guy“).
1469 - Wars of the Roses: the Battle of Edgecote Moor, Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick (1428-1471) defeats Edward IV [York] (1442-1483), a turning point in the war.
1758 – French and Indian War: the Siege of Louisbourg ends. British forces defeat the French and take control of the Gulf of Saint Lawrence, leading to the capture of Quebec in 1759.
1861 – American Civil War: George B. McClellan (1826-1885) assumes command of the Army of the Potomac following a disastrous Union defeat at the First Battle of Bull Run.
1936 – Germany and Italy decide to intervene in the Spanish Civil War.
1941 – World War II: in response to the Japanese occupation of French Indochina, Franklin Roosevelt (1882-1945) orders the seizure of all Japanese assets in the United States.
1944 – World War II: the Soviet Army captures Lviv, a major city in western Ukraine. Only 300 Jews survive out of 160,000 prior to Nazi occupation.
1944 – The first German V-2 rocket hits the United Kingdom.
1945 – The Labour Party wins the United Kingdom general election of July 5 by a landslide. Clement Attlee (1883-1967) replaces Winston Churchill (1874-1965) as Prime Minister.
1945 – The Potsdam Declaration is signed in Potsdam, Germany, defining terms for Japan’s surrender.
1945 – The US Navy cruiser USS Indianapolis (later sunk) arrives at Tinian with parts of the warhead for the Hiroshima atomic bomb.
1947 - Harry S Truman (1884-1972) creates the Central Intelligence Agency, Department of Defense, Air Force, Joint Chiefs of Staff, and the National Security Council.
1948 - Harry S Truman desegregates the US military.
1953 - Fidel Castro (b.1926) begins the Cuban Revolution with an unsuccessful attack on the Moncada Barracks, taking the name: 26th of July Movement.
1956 – Egyptian leader Gamal Abdel Nasser (1918-1970) nationalizes the Suez Canal, after the World Bank refuses to fund the Aswan Dam, sparking the Suez Crisis.
1977 – Quebec imposes the use of French as the official language of the provincial government.
1990 – The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) is signed into law by President George H. W. Bush.
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