by Bob Fields

On July 26:
Birthdays:

George Bernard Shaw (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Stanley Kubrick (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Mick Jagger (Image Credit: WikiTree)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1856 - George Bernard Shaw, Irish playwright, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1950) (Pygmalion).
1875 - Carl Jung, Swiss psychiatrist and psychotherapist, founded analytical psychology (d. 1961).
1894 - Aldous Huxley, English author (d. 1963) (Brave New World).
1895 - Gracie Allen, American actress and comedienne (d. 1964) (Burns and Allen).
1909 - Vivian Vance, American actress (d. 1979) (Ethel Mertz on I Love Lucy).
1922 - Jason Robards, Oscar, Emmy, and Tony award winner (d. 2000) (All the President’s MenJulia).
1928 - Stanley Kubrick, American director, producer, screenwriter, and cinematographer (d. 1999) (SpartacusDr. Strangelove , 2001: A Space OdysseyThe Shining).
1940 - Dobie Gray, American singer-songwriter and producer (d. 2011) (“Drift Away“).
1943 - Mick Jagger, English singer-songwriter (The Rolling Stones).
1945 - Helen Mirren, English actress. Oscar, Emmy, Golden Globe winner (Elizabeth IThe Queen).
1959 - Kevin Spacey, American actor (The Usual SuspectsAmerican BeautyL.A. Confidential).
1964 - Sandra Bullock, American actress (The Blind SideSpeed, Gravity).
Feast Day of Saint Anne (Western Christianity), mother of Mary and grandmother of Jesus.

Deaths:

Sam Houston (Image Credit: WikiTree)

William Jennings Bryan (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Eva Perón (Image Credit; WikiTree)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

811 -Byzantine Emperor Nikephoros I [Genikos] is killed in the Battle of Pliska, and his heir son  Staurakios is seriously wounded, one of the worst defeats in Byzantine history, by Bulgarian forces.
1863 - Sam Houston, American soldier and politician, founder and President and Governor of Texas (b. 1793).
1925 - William Jennings Bryan, American lawyer and Presidential nominee, 41st Secretary of State (b. 1860).
1926 - Robert Todd Lincoln, American lawyer and politician, 35th Secretary of War (b. 1843).
1952 - Eva Perón (Evita), Argentinian actress and first lady, 25th First Lady of Argentina (b. 1919).
1992 - Mary Wells, American singer-songwriter (b. 1943) (Motown: “My Guy“).

Other Events:

George McClellan (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Winston Churchill (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Harry S Truman (Image Credit: WikiTree)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1469 - Wars of the Roses: the Battle of Edgecote MoorRichard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick (1428-1471) defeats Edward IV [York] (1442-1483), a turning point in the war.
1758 – French and Indian War: the Siege of Louisbourg ends. British forces defeat the French and take control of the Gulf of Saint Lawrence, leading to the capture of Quebec in 1759.
1861 – American Civil War: George B. McClellan (1826-1885) assumes command of the Army of the Potomac following a disastrous Union defeat at the First Battle of Bull Run.
1936 – Germany and Italy decide to intervene in the Spanish Civil War.
1941 – World War II: in response to the Japanese occupation of French IndochinaFranklin Roosevelt (1882-1945) orders the seizure of all Japanese assets in the United States.
1944 – World War II: the Soviet Army captures Lviv, a major city in western Ukraine. Only 300 Jews survive out of 160,000 prior to Nazi occupation.
1944 – The first German V-2 rocket hits the United Kingdom.
1945 – The Labour Party wins the United Kingdom general election of July 5 by a landslide. Clement Attlee (1883-1967) replaces Winston Churchill (1874-1965) as Prime Minister.
1945 – The Potsdam Declaration is signed in PotsdamGermany, defining terms for Japan’s surrender.
1945 – The US Navy cruiser USS Indianapolis (later sunk) arrives at Tinian with parts of the warhead for the Hiroshima atomic bomb.
1947 - Harry S Truman (1884-1972) creates the Central Intelligence AgencyDepartment of DefenseAir ForceJoint Chiefs of Staff, and the National Security Council.
1948 - Harry S Truman desegregates the US military.
1953 - Fidel Castro (b.1926) begins the Cuban Revolution with an unsuccessful attack on the Moncada Barracks, taking the name: 26th of July Movement.
1956 – Egyptian leader Gamal Abdel Nasser (1918-1970) nationalizes the Suez Canal, after the World Bank refuses to fund the Aswan Dam, sparking the Suez Crisis.
1977 – Quebec imposes the use of French as the official language of the provincial government.
1990 – The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) is signed into law by President George H. W. Bush.

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by Bob Fields

On July 25:
Birthdays:

Henry Knox (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

Arthur Balfour (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

Gavrilo Princip (Image Credit: WikiTree)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1750 - Henry Knox, American general and politician, 1st U.S. Secretary of War (d. 1806).
1848 - Arthur Balfour, Scottish politician, 33rd British Prime Minister (d. 1930).
1894 - Walter Brennan*, American actor, 3 time Oscar winner (d. 1974).
1894 - Gavrilo Princip, Bosnian assassin of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria (d. 1918).
1915 - Joseph P. Kennedy, Jr., American lieutenant and pilot (d. 1944).
1978 - Louise Brown*, the world’s first “test tube baby” is born.

Deaths:

William Livingston (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Samuel Taylor Coleridge (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

Vincente Minnelli (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

306 - Constantius Chlorus, Roman emperor (b. 250).
1790 - William Livingston, American soldier and politician, 1st Governor of New Jersey, signer of the U.S. Constitution (b. 1723).
1834 - Samuel Taylor Coleridge*, English philosopher, poet, and critic, a founder of the Romantic Movement in England (b. 1772).
1986 - Vincente Minnelli, American director and screenwriter (b. 1903) (Meet Me in St. LouisGigiAn American in Paris).
1997 - Ben Hogan*, American golfer (Masters, Brit Open, US Open-1953) (b. 1912).
2006 - Carl Brashear*, the first African American to become a U.S. Navy Master Diver, even with an amputated leg (b. 1931) (Men of Honor).

Other Events:

James I (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Horatio Nelson (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Mata Hari (Image Credit: WikiTree)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

306 - Constantine I is proclaimed Roman emperor by his troops.
1137 - Eleanor of Aquitaine married Prince Louis, later King Louis VII of France, in Bordeaux.
1547 - Henry II of France is crowned.
1554 – “Bloody” Mary I of England marries Philip II of Spain.
1603 - James VI of Scotland is crowned James I of England, bringing the Kingdoms of England and Scotland into personal union.
1755 – British governor Charles Lawrence and the Nova Scotia Council order the deportation of thousands of Acadians, sent to the British Colonies in America, France and England.
1759 - French and Indian War: In Western New York, British forces capture Fort Niagara from the French.
1797 – Lord Horatio Nelson loses more than 300 men and his right arm during the failed conquest attempt of Tenerife (Spain).
1861 – American Civil War: The U.S. Congress passes the Crittenden-Johnson Resolution, stating that the war is being fought to preserve the Union and not to end slavery.
1898 - Spanish-American War: U.S. forces launch their invasion of Puerto Rico.
1909 - Louis Blériot* makes the first flight across the English Channel in a heavier-than-air machine.
1917 - Mata Hari is sentenced to death by a French court for spying on Germany’s behalf during World War I.
1943 – World War II: Benito Mussolini* is forced out of office by his own Italian Grand Council and is replaced by Pietro Badoglio*.
1956 – The Italian ocean liner SS Andrea Doria collides with the MS Stockholm south of Nantucket.
1994 – Israel and Jordan sign the Washington Declaration, that formally ends the state of war that had existed between the nations since 1948.
2000 - Concorde Air France Flight 4590 crashes at Paris Charles de Gaulle airport, killing 113 passengers.
2010 - WikiLeaks publishes classified documents about the War in Afghanistan, one of the largest leaks in U.S. military history.

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by Bob Fields

On July 19:
Birthdays:

Edgar Degas (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Lizzie Borden (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Charles Horace Mann (Image Credit: WikiTree)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1814 – Samuel Colt, American gun businessman, founded the Colt’s Manufacturing Company (d. 1862).
1834 – Edgar Degas, French painter (d. 1917).
1860 – Lizzie Borden, American accused murderer (d. 1927).
1865 – Charles Horace Mayo, American surgeon, founded the Mayo Clinic (d. 1939).
1962 – Anthony Edwards*, American actor and director (Top Gun, ER).

Deaths:

Syngman Rhee (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

Frank McCourt (Image Credit: WikiTree)

James Garner (Image Credit: WikiTree)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1692 – Sarah Good, American woman accused in the Salem witch trials (b. 1653).
1965 – Syngman Rhee*, South Korean politician, 1st President of South Korea 1948-60 (b. 1875)
2009 – Frank McCourt, American author and educator (b. 1930) (Angela’s Ashes).
2014 – James Garner, American actor, singer, and producer (b. 1928) (The Rockford Files).

Other Events:

Mary Rose (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

Lady Jane Grey (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

Franco-Prussian War (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1545 – The Tudor warship Mary Rose sinks off Portsmouth; in 1982 the wreck is salvaged in one of the most complex and expensive projects in the history of maritime archaeology.
1553 – Lady Jane Grey is replaced by her cousin Mary I of England as Queen after only nine days on the throne.
1848 – Women’s rights: A two-day Women’s Rights Convention opens in Seneca Falls, New York.
1870 – Franco-Prussian War: France declares war on Prussia and hostilities begin. They lose Alsace-Lorraine.
1916 – World War I: Battle of Fromelles: British and Australian troops attack German trenches in a prelude to the Battle of the Somme.
1943 – World War II: Rome is heavily bombed by more than 500 Allied aircraft, inflicting thousands of casualties.
1979 – The Sandinista rebels overthrow the government of the Somoza family in Nicaragua.
1980 - The Summer Olympics begin in Moscow, with dozens of nations boycotting because of Soviet military intervention in Afghanistan.

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by Bob Fields

On July 18:
Birthdays:

Robert Hooke (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

Nelson Mandela (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Richard Branson (Image Credit: WikiTree)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1552 - Rudolf II [Habsburg], Holy Roman Emperor, an ineffectual ruler whose mistakes led directly to the Thirty Years’ War (d. 1612).
1635 - Robert Hooke, English natural philosopher, architect and polymath (d. 1703).
1895 - Machine Gun Kelly*, American Prohibition-era gangster (d. 1954).
1899 - Horatio Alger, American author (b. 1832) (Horatio Alger Association of Distinguished Americans).
1909 - Andrei Gromyko*, Minister of Foreign Affairs for the Soviet Union 1957-85 (d. 1989).
1911 - Hume Cronyn*, Canadian-American actor, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2003) (Cocoon).
1913 - Red Skelton, American actor and singer (d. 1997).
1918 - Nelson Mandela, 1st President of South Africa, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2013).
1921 - John Glenn, American Marine colonel, test pilot, astronaut, and politician; the first American to orbit the Earth.
1937 - Hunter S. Thompson*, American journalist and author (d. 2005) (gonzo journalism).
1950 - Richard Branson, English businessman, founded Virgin Group

Deaths:

John Paul Jones (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Jane Austen (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Benito Juarez (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1792 - John Paul Jones, American admiral and founder of the American Navy (b. 1747).
1817 - Jane Austen, English author (b. 1775) (Pride and PrejudiceEmma).
1863 - Robert Gould Shaw, American Civil War colonel who led the 54th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry (b. 1837).
1872 - Benito Juárez*, Mexican lawyer, 26th President of Mexico, who resisted the French occupation of Mexico, overthrew the Second Mexican Empire, and restored the Republic (b. 1806).
1918 - Princess Elisabeth of Hesse and by Rhine, of Russia, sister of Tsarina Alexandra, canonized as Holy Martyr Yelizaveta Fyodorovna, arrested and ultimately executed by the Bolsheviks (b. 1864).
1954- Machine Gun Kelly*, American Prohibition-era gangster (b. 1895).
1968 - Corneille Heymans*, Belgian physiologist and academic, 1938 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine laureate (b. 1892).
1969 – Senator Ted Kennedy drives off a bridge and his passenger, Mary Jo Kopechne, dies, after a party on Chappaquiddick Island, Massachusetts.
1973 - Jack Hawkins, English actor and producer (b. 1910) (The Bridge on the River KwaiLawrence of Arabia).

Other Events:

Edward I (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Mein Kampf (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

Me 262 (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

64 – The Great Fire of Rome causes widespread devastation and rages on for six days, destroying half of the city.
1290 – King Edward I ’Longshanks’ of England issues the Edict of Expulsion, banishing all Jews from England.
1863 – American Civil War: Second Battle of Fort Wagner - the African American 54th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, unsuccessfully assaults Confederate-held Battery Wagner.
1925 - Adolf Hitler publishes his personal manifesto Mein Kampf.
1936 – An army uprising in Spanish Morocco starts the Spanish Civil War.
1942 – World War II: the Germans test fly the Messerschmitt Me 262 using its jet engines for the first time.
1976 - Nadia Comăneci* became the first person in Olympic Games history to score a perfect 10 in gymnastics at the 1976 Summer Olympics.
1994 - Rwandan Genocide: The Rwandan Patriotic Front forces the interim government into Zaire and ends the genocide. About 800,000 people were killed.
Christian Feast day of St. Arnulf (Arnold/Arnoul) of Metz.

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