On August 27:
1637 - Charles Calvert, 3rd Baron Baltimore, English politician, 2nd Proprietor of Maryland (d. 1715)
1809 - Hannibal Hamlin, American publisher and Maine senator, 15th U.S. Vice President under Abraham Lincoln (d. 1891).
1871 - Theodore Dreiser, American journalist and author (d. 1945) (Sister Carrie, An American Tragedy).
1874 - Carl Bosch*, German chemist and engineer, Nobel Prize laureate, founder of IG Farben, who invented the Haber-Bosch process for fixing nitrogen in fertilizer (d. 1940).
1899 - C. S. Forester, Egyptian-English author and educator (d. 1966) (Horatio Hornblower series, The African Queen).
1908 - Lyndon B. Johnson, 36th U.S. President (d. 1973).
1947 - Barbara Bach*, American model and actress (The Spy Who Loved Me).
1576 - Titian*, Italian painter and educator (b. 1488).
1635 - Lope de Vega*, Spanish poet and playwright (b. 1562).
1964 - Gracie Allen, American actress and comedian (b. 1895) (Burns and Allen).
1975 - Haile Selassie*, the last emperor of Ethiopia’s 3,000-year-old monarchy, dies almost a year after being overthrown (b. 1892).
1979 - Louis Mountbatten, English admiral and politician, 44th Governor-General of India, killed off the coast of Ireland in a boat explosion by an Irish Republican Army bomb (b. 1900).
410 – The sacking of Rome by the Visigoths ends after three days.
1776 - Battle of Long Island: At Brooklyn Heights, Long Island, New York, British forces under General William Howe defeat Americans under General George Washington.
1793 – French Revolution: The city of Toulon revolts against the French Republic, admits the British and Spanish fleets to seize its port, leading to the Siege of Toulon by French Revolutionary forces.
1832 - Black Hawk*, leader of the Sauk tribe of Native Americans, surrenders to U.S. authorities, ending the Black Hawk War.
1883 - Eruption of Krakatoa: Four enormous volcanic explosions destroy the island of Krakatau, killing approximately 36,000 people, mostly from the tsunami.
1939 – First flight of the Heinkel He 178, the world’s first jet aircraft.
1991 – The European Community recognizes the independence of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania.
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