by Bob Fields

On September 21:

Richard of York (Image Credit: WikiTree)

H.G. Wells (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Chuck Jones (Image Credit: Wikipedia)










1411 – Richard of York, who governed England as Lord Protector during Henry VI‘s madness. Father of Kings Edward IV and Richard III. His conflicts were a leading cause of the Wars of the Roses (d. 1460).
1415 – Frederick III, Holy Roman Emperor, the first emperor of the House of Habsburg (d. 1493).
1645 – Louis Jolliet, Canadian, the first to explore and map much of the Mississippi River in 1673 (d. 1700).
1849 – Maurice Barrymore, Indian-American actor, patriarch of the Barrymore acting family, father of John, Lionel and Ethel, and great-grandfather of actress Drew. (d. 1905).
1867 – Henry L. Stimson*, American WW1 colonel, lawyer, and politician, Secretary of War during WW2, 46th Secretary of State (d. 1950).
1866 – H. G. Wells, English journalist, historian, and author (d. 1946) (The War of the Worlds, The Time Machine, The Invisible Man).
1912 – Chuck Jones*, American animator (d. 2002) (Looney Tunes, Merrie Melodies, Warner Bros. Cartoons, Bugs Bunny, Daffy Duck, the Road Runner and Wile E. Coyote, Pepé Le Pew, Porky Pig).
1931 – Larry Hagman*, American actor, director, and producer (d. 2012) (I Dream of Jeannie, Dallas).
1945 – Jerry Bruckheimer*, American film and television producer (CSI, Beverly Hills Cop, Flashdance, Top Gun, The Rock, Black Hawk Down, Pirates of the Caribbean, National Treasure).
1947 – Stephen King*, American horror author and screenwriter (Carrie, The Shining, The Stand, Misery, It, Cujo).
1947 – Don Felder*, American guitarist, songwriter, and author (Eagles, Heaven and Hell: My Life in the Eagles).
1950 – Bill Murray, American actor and comedian (Saturday Night Live, Caddyshack, Ghostbusters, What About Bob? , Groundhog Day, Lost in Translation).
1967 – Faith Hill*, American singer-songwriter and actress. Won five Grammy Awards, twelve Academy of Country Music Awards, four American Music Awards.


Edward II (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Charles I/V (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Sir Walter Scott (Image Credit: WikiTree)








1327 – Edward II of England, King from 1307-27, after being deposed by his wife Isabella Capet of France and her lover Sir Roger Mortimer (b. 1284).
1397 – Richard FitzAlan, 11th Earl of Arundel, English commander , beheaded for his opposition to Richard II (b. 1346).
1558 – Charles V [Habsburg], Holy Roman Emperor, aka Charles I of Spain (1516-56),who opposed the Protestant Reformation and oversaw the Spanish colonization of the Americas (b. 1500).
1832 – Sir Walter Scott, Scottish author, poet, and playwright (b. 1771) (Ivanhoe, Rob Roy).
1904 – Chief Joseph*, American Nez Perce tribal leader (b. 1840) (“From where the sun now stands, I will fight no more forever.”).
1938 – The Great Hurricane of 1938 makes landfall on Long Island in New York. The death toll is estimated at 500-700 people.
1998 – Florence Griffith-Joyner*, American Olympic runner (b. 1959).

Other Events:

John Andre (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Joseph Smith (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Sandra Day O'Connor










1435 – Hundred Years’ War: Treaty of Arras: Charles VII of France and Philip the Good*, Duke of Burgundy, end the partnership between the English and French Burgundy.
1776 – Great Fire of New York burns the west side of Manhattan, shortly after being occupied by British forces, who stayed until 1783.
1779 – The Spanish, with the aid of American troops and militia volunteers, capture the British post and garrison at Baton Rouge (Louisiana), in what was then British-controlled West Florida.
1780 – American Revolutionary War: Benedict Arnold* commits treason by giving British Major John André* the plans to West Point. André (b. 1750) was caught and hanged on Oct 2.
1792 – The National Convention declares France a republic and abolishes the monarchy.
1823 – According to Joseph Smith Jr., the angel Moroni gave him a record of gold plates, which Joseph translated into The Book of Mormon, the sacred text of the Latter Day Saints (LDS) church.
1897 – The “Yes, Virginia, there is a Santa Claus” editorial is published in the New York Sun.
1942 – On the Jewish holiday of Yom Kippur, Nazis send over 1,000 Jews to Belzec, order Jews to permanently evacuate Konstantynów and move to the Ghetto in Biała Podlaska, and murder 2,588 Jews in Dunaivtsi, Ukraine.
1942 – The B-29 Superfortress makes its maiden flight, later used in the bombing of Japan.
1949 – Mao Zedong* announces that the new Chinese government will be “under the leadership of the Communist Party of China.”
1972 – President Ferdinand Marcos* places the Philippines under martial law, until January 1981, the beginning of his authoritarian rule.
1981 – Sandra Day O’Connor* is unanimously approved by the U.S. Senate as the first female Supreme Court justice.
1993 – Russian President Boris Yeltsin* suspends parliament and scraps the then-functioning constitution, triggering the Russian constitutional crisis of 1993.

The individuals marked with “*” don’t have a profile on WikiTree yet. Please help grow our tree.

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by Bob Fields

On September 20:

Upton Sinclair (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Jay Ward (Image Credit: Freewebs)

Sophia Loren (Image Credit: Wikipedia)










1878 – Upton Sinclair, American journalist and author, Socialist, and Democratic Party nominee for Governor of California (d.1968) (The Jungle).
1920 – Jay Ward*, American animator, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1989) (Rocky & Bullwinkle, Dudley Do-Right, Peabody and Sherman, George of the Jungle).
1929 – Anne Meara*, American actress and comedian, wife of Jerry Stiller* and mother of Ben Stiller* (Stiller and Meara).
1934 – Sophia Loren*, Italian-Swiss actress. (Two Women).
1948 – Chuck Panozzo*, American bass player, and John Panozzo* (d. 1996) drummer (Styx).


Fletcher Christian (Image Credit:WikiTree)

Jacob Grimm (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

Simon Wiesenthal (Image Credit: Wikipedia)










1793 – Fletcher Christian, English navy lieutenant (b. 1764) (mutiny on the Bounty).
1839 – Sir Thomas Hardy, 1st Baronet*, English Vice Admiral, flag captain to Admiral Lord Nelson, commanded HMS Victory at the Battle of Trafalgar in October 1805 (b. 1769).
1863 – Jacob Grimm, German philologist, jurist, and author (b. 1785) (Brothers Grimm, Grimm’s Law).
1957 – Jean Sibelius*, Finnish composer, whose music played an important role in the formation of the Finnish national identity (b. 1865).
2005 – Simon Wiesenthal*, Ukrainian-Austrian holocaust survivor and Nazi hunter (b. 1908).

Other Events:

Antipope Clement VII (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

King Victor Emmanuel II (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

Chester Arthur (Image Credit: WikiTree)









480 BC – Greco-Persian wars: Greeks defeat Persians in the Battle of Salamis. A Persian victory would have stifled Ancient Greece and the development of western civilization as we know it.
1187 – Saladin* begins the Siege of Jerusalem. The fall was the end of the first Kingdom of Jerusalem. Europe responded in 1189 by launching the Third Crusade under Richard Lionheart of England, Philip Augustus of France, and Frederick Barbarossa of the Holy Roman Empire.
1378 – Cardinal Robert of Geneva* (1342-1394) is elected as Avignon (anti-) Pope Clement VII, by the French cardinals who opposed Pope Urban VI*, beginning the Papal schism.
1519 – Ferdinand Magellan sets sail from Spain with about 270 men on his expedition to circumnavigate the globe.
1565 – Fort Caroline: The first European battle on American soil, near present day Jacksonville FL. The French Huguenot fort is sacked by Spanish troops.
1643 – First English Civil War: First Battle of Newbury: King Charles I’s Royalist army is defeated by a Parliamentarian force, the high point of the Royalist advance.
1777 – American Revolution: Philadelphia campaign: Battle of Paoli: British General Charles Grey* leads a surprise attack on General Anthony Wayne‘s encampment using only bayonets, no flintlocks. The engagement became known as the “Paoli Massacre.”
1806 – The Lewis and Clark Expedition returns to the first white settlement, La Charette, Missouri, since leaving 2 ½ years earlier. They reach St. Louis two days later.
1854 – Battle of Alma: British and French troops defeat the Russians, considered the first battle of the Crimean War (1853-1856).
1863 – American Civil War: The Battle of Chickamauga, Tennessee, William Rosecrans is defeated by Braxton Bragg, the most significant Union defeat in the Western Theater.
1870 – King Victor Emmanuel II*’s troops enter Rome and complete the unification of Italy.
1881 – Chester A. Arthur is sworn in as the third US President in one year, following the assassination of James Garfield.
1946 – The first Cannes Film Festival is held.
1973 – Billie Jean King* beats Bobby Riggs* in The Battle of the Sexes tennis match.

The individuals marked with “*” don’t have a profile on WikiTree yet. Please help grow our tree.

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by Eowyn the Forest Elf

Today’s Pick is the notable “Buffalo Bill” Cody and part of our Westward Ho! Project.

From his profile: “William Frederick Cody was born on February 26, 1846 on a farm just outside Le Claire, Iowa, the son of Isaac and Mary Ann Bonsel (Laycock) Cody. William was baptized in the Dixie Union Chapel in Peel County, Ontario, Canada in 1847, this church was built on land donated by his grandfather, Phillip J Cody.

During the Civil War, Bill served first as a Union Scout in campaigns against the Kiowa and Comanche, and later enlisted in the 7th Kansas Calvary. He served as a private in Company “H” from 1863 to the end of the war in 1865.Bill earned his nickname, Buffalo Bill, after the Civil War when he had a contract to supply Kansas Pacific Railroad workers with buffalo meat. He is said to have killed 4,282 American Bison (Buffalo) in eighteen months during 1866-67.

In 1883, Buffalo Bill started his own show,Buffalo Bill’s Wild West, which was a touring circus. In 1893, Cody changed the title to “Buffalo Bill’s Wild West and Congress of Rough Riders of the World”. The show began with a parade on horseback, with participants from horse-culture groups that included US and other military, American Indians, and performers from all over the world in their best attire. Turks, Gauchos, Arabs, Mongols and Georgians, displayed their distinctive horses and colorful costumes. Sitting Bull appeared with a band of 20 of his braves.

Besides his touring shows, Bill Cody was instrumental in the founding of Cody, Wyoming. He fought for a hunting season and other restrictions to protect the diminishing buffalo. He and his associates introduced an irrigation system by diverting water from the Shoshone River, which failed due to lack of money for a holding system.

Bill Cody died of kidney failure on January 10, 1917, in Denver, Colorado, the day after he was baptized into the Catholic Church.”

View the full profile of “Buffalo Bill” Cody.


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by Eowyn the Forest Elf

Ken Burns’ latest film “The Roosevelts” An Intimate History” is airing this week on PBS so in conjunction with that, today’s Pick comes from our U.S. Presidential Project and features the Roosevelt family!   The film focuses on Theodore Roosevelt, Franklin Roosevelt and his wife Eleanor Roosevelt, all of whom have wonderful profiles on WikiTree.

Theodore Roosevelt

From his profile: “Theodore (Teddy) Roosevelt was characterized as being a depressed, neurotic, imperalistic and opportunistic individual. He served as Governor of NY, was married twice, became Vice President under McKinley and was the youngest President as he was 42 years old when he took the office.

September 14, 1901, is when Theodore Roosevelt became president. The way he became president was because president McKinley was assassinated.

President Roosevelt wasn’t only a vice president or a president, he was also a deputy sheriff in Dakota Territory. He was also police commissioner of New York City, Assistant Secretary of the Navy, and Colonel of the Rough Riders. All this happened by the age of 42.

His main hobbies and interests were reading, and adventures. He especially loved to read science, nature, and hunting books because he found them very amusing and interesting. Roosevelt was truly a widely-recognized man, and was a true honor to society. He was considered a true American hero, the example that people should live by.”

Franklin Delano Roosevelt

From his profile: “Franklin Delano Roosevelt (often called FDR) was the thirty-second president of the United States. He served from 1933 through 1945. Assuming the Presidency at the depth of the Great Depression, Franklin D. Roosevelt helped the American people regain faith in themselves. He brought hope as he promised prompt, vigorous action, and asserted in his Inaugural Address, “the only thing we have to fear is fear itself.”

Following the example of his fifth cousin, President Theodore Roosevelt, whom he greatly admired, Franklin D. Roosevelt entered public service through politics, but as a Democrat. He won election to the New York Senate in 1910. President Wilson appointed him Assistant Secretary of the Navy, and he was the Democratic nominee for Vice President in 1920.

In the summer of 1921, when he was 39, disaster hit-he was stricken with poliomyelitis. Demonstrating indomitable courage, he fought to regain the use of his legs, particularly through swimming. At the 1924 Democratic Convention he dramatically appeared on crutches to nominate Alfred E. Smith as “the Happy Warrior.” In 1928 Roosevelt became Governor of New York. He was elected President in November 1932, to the first of four terms.”

Eleanor Roosevelt

From her profile: Eleanor was.. “was the longest-serving First Lady of the United States, holding the post from 1933 to 1945 during her husband Franklin D. Roosevelt’s four terms in office. President Harry S. Truman later nicknamed her the “First Lady of the World” in tribute to her human rights achievements.

Though widely respected in her later years, Roosevelt was a controversial First Lady for her outspokenness, particularly for her stands on racial issues. She was the first presidential spouse to hold press conferences, write a syndicated newspaper column, and speak at a national convention; on a few occasions, she publicly disagreed with her husband’s policies. She launched an experimental community at Arthurdale, West Virginia for the families of unemployed miners, later widely regarded as a failure. She advocated for expanded roles for women in the workplace, the civil rights of African Americans and Japanese Americans, and the rights of World War II refugees.”


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