by Bob Fields
On May 28:
1660 – King George I of Great Britain, in Hanover, Germany. During his reign, power transitioned to the cabinet government and Prime Minister (d. 1727).
1738 - Joseph-Ignace Guillotin, French physician, proposed the guillotine as a less painful execution method (d. 1814).
1759 - William Pitt the Younger, English lawyer and politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1806).
1818 - P. G. T. Beauregard*, American Confederate Civil War general (d. 1893).
1884 - Edvard Beneš, Czech academic and politician, 2nd President of Czechoslovakia, just before and just after WW2, leader of independence movement (d. 1948).
1843 - Noah Webster, American lexicographer and author (b. 1758).
1971 - Audie Murphy, American lieutenant and actor, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1925).
1972 - Edward VIII of the United Kingdom, who abdicated to marry Wallis Simpson (b. 1894).
1998 - Phil Hartman, Canadian-American actor and comedian, is shot by his wife (b. 1948).
2014 - Maya Angelou, American memoirist and poet laureate (b. 1928).
1503 - James IV of Scotland and Margaret Tudor are married. A Treaty of Everlasting Peace with England, signed on that occasion, results in a peace that lasts ten years.
1588 – The Spanish Armada, with 130 ships and 30,000 men, sets sail from Lisbon, Portugal, heading for the English Channel.
1754 - French and Indian War: Virginia militia under 22-year-old Lieutenant colonel George Washington ambush a French reconnaissance party in present day southwest Pennsylvania, starting the war.
1830 – U.S. President Andrew Jackson signs the Indian Removal Act which relocates Native Americans, leading to the “Trail of Tears“.
1892 – In San Francisco, John Muir organizes the Sierra Club, an environmental preservation organization.
1936 - Alan Turing submits On Computable Numbers for publication, the theoretical basis for modern computers.
1937 – The Golden Gate Bridge in San Francisco, California, is officially opened by President Franklin D. Roosevelt.
1940 – World War II: Belgium surrenders unconditionally to Nazi Germany, after 18 days of bombardment.
1942 – World War II: In retaliation for the Prague assassination attempt on S.S. Reich Protector Reinhard Heydrich, Nazis in Czechoslovakia kill over 1,800 people. Heydrich dies one week later.
1964 – The Palestine Liberation Organization is formed.
1972 - Watergate Scandal: The first break-in to Democratic National headquarters, installing wiretapping devices on the phones.
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