by Bob Fields
On May 1:
1764 - Benjamin Henry Latrobe, English-American architect, designed the U.S. Capitol (d. 1820).
1769 - Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, Irish-English field marshal and politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, defeated Napoleon at the Battle of Waterloo (d. 1852).
1852 - Santiago Ramón y Cajal, Spanish neuroscientist and pathologist, Nobel Prize laureate, the father of modern neuroscience (d. 1934).
1852 - Calamity Jane, American West frontierswoman and professional scout, wife of “Wild Bill” Hickock (d. 1903).
1864 - Anna Jarvis, American founder of Mother’s Day (d. 1948).
1907 - Kate Smith, American singer and actress (d. 1986) (“God Bless America“).
1923 - Joseph Heller, American novelist, short story writer, and playwright (d. 1999) (Catch-22).
1555 - Pope Marcellus II*, who was Pope for only 22 days (b. 1501).
1572 - Pope Pius V, Saint, who excommunicated Elizabeth I of England (b. 1504).
1873 - David Livingstone, Scottish-English missionary and explorer (b. 1813).
1896 - Mark W. Clark*, American WW2 and Korean War general (d. 1984) (Italian campaign).
1904 - Antonín Dvorák*, Czech composer and academic (b. 1841) (From the New World).
1918 - Jack Paar*, American comedian, author and talk show host (d. 2004) (The Tonight Show).
1945 -Joseph Goebbels, World War II: Nazi propaganda minister, and his wife and 6 children commit suicide.
1965 - Spike Jones*, American singer and bandleader (b. 1911) (“All I Want For Christmas Is My Two Front Teeth“).
1998 - Eldridge Cleaver*, American author and activist (b. 1935) (Soul On Ice , the Black Panther Party).
305 - Diocletian* and Maximian retire from the office of Roman emperor, the first to abdicate the position voluntarily.
1707 – The Act of Union joins the Kingdom of England and Kingdom of Scotland to form the Kingdom of Great Britain.
1862 – American Civil War: The Union Army completes the capture of New Orleans.
1863 – American Civil War: The Battle of Chancellorsville begins, a major defeat of Joseph Hooker by Robert E. Lee.
1931 – The Empire State Building is dedicated in New York City by President Herbert Hoover.
1945 – World War II: A German newsreader officially announces that Adolf Hitler has “fallen at his command post in the Reich Chancellery fighting to the last breath against Bolshevism and for Germany”.
1948 – The Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (North Korea) is established, with Kim Il-sung as leader.
1960 – Cold War: U-2 incident: Francis Gary Powers, in a U-2 spy plane, is shot down over the Soviet Union, sparking a diplomatic crisis.
International Workers’ Day (May Day): a celebration of the working classes that is promoted by the international labor movement, trade unionists, socialists, communists and anarchists. Celebrated as a holiday in many countries. Large military parades occurred in Red Square in the Soviet Union.
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