by Bob Fields
On August 23:
Louis XVI of France (Image Credit: WikiTree)
Oliver Hazzard Perry (Image Credit: WikiTree)
Gene Kelly (Image Credit: WikiTree)
1754 – King Louis XVI [Bourbon] of France, guillotined in the French Revolution (d. 1793).
1785 - Oliver Hazard Perry, American Commodore and naval hero (d. 1819).
1912 - Gene Kelly, American actor, singer, and comedienne (d. 1996) (Singin’ in the Rain).
1931 - Barbara Eden, American actress and singer (I Dream of Jeannie).
1946 - Keith Moon, English drummer, songwriter, and producer (The Who) d. 1978.
1949 - Shelley Long*, American actress and producer (Cheers, Frasier, Irreconcilable Differences).
1949 - Rick Springfield*, Australian singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor (“Jessie’s Girl“).
1951 - Queen Noor of Jordan* [Lisa Najeeb Halaby].
1978 - Kobe Bryant*, American basketball player and Olympic athlete.
William Wallace (Image Credit: WikiTree)
Rudolph Valentino (Image Credit: WikiTree)
Oscar Hammerstein (Image Credit: WikiTree)
30 BC – Emperor Octavian executes Marcus Antonius Antyllus, eldest son of Marc Antony, and Caesarion, the last Ptolemaic king of Egypt and only child of Julius Caesarand Cleopatra.
1305 - Sir William Wallace (b. c. 1270) is executed for high treason at Smithfield in London.
1628 - George Villiers, the first Duke of Buckingham, alleged to have a very personal relationship with King James I of England, is assassinated by John Felton* (1595-1628).
1806 - Charles-Augustin de Coulomb*, French physicist (b. 1736) (Coulomb’s law).
1819 - Oliver Hazard Perry, American Commodore, of Yellow Fever (b. 1785)
1926 - Rudolph Valentino, Italian-American silent film actor (b. 1895)
1927 – Italian-American anarchists Nicola Sacco* (b. 1891) and Bartolomeo Vanzetti* (b. 1888) are executed after a lengthy, controversial trial.
1960 - Oscar Hammerstein II, American director, producer, and composer (b. 1895).
Molotov, Ribbentrop and Stalin (Image Credit: Wikipedia)
Tim Berners-Lee (Image Credit: Wikipedia)
Muammar Gaddafi (Image Credit: Wikipedia)
1572 - French Wars of Religion Mob violence against Huguenots in Paris results in the St. Bartholomew’s Day massacre.
1775 - American Revolutionary War: King George III delivers his Proclamation of Rebellion to the Court of St. James’s stating that the American colonies have proceeded to a state of rebellion.
1784 – Western North Carolina (now eastern Tennessee) declares itself an independent state under the name of Franklin; it is not accepted into the US, and only lasts for four years.
1814 - Dolley Madison saves a portrait of George Washington from being looted by British troops who burned Washington DC during the War of 1812.
1839 – The United Kingdom captures Hong Kong as a base as it prepares for war (the First Opium War) with Qing China.
1866 - Austro-Prussian War ends with the Treaty of Prague.
1914 – World War I: Japan declares war on Germany and bombs Qingdao, China.
1914 – World War I: Battle of Mons: the first major action of the British Expeditionary Force (BEF).
1939 – World War II: Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union sign a non-aggression treaty, the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact. Finland, Romania, and Poland are divided between the two nations.
1944 – World War II: Marseille is liberated by the Allies.
1973 – A bank robbery gone wrong in Stockholm, Sweden, turns into a hostage crisis; the hostages begin to sympathize with their captors, leading to the term “Stockholm syndrome“.
1977 – The Gossamer Condor wins the Kremer prize for human powered flight.
1990 – Armenia declares its independence from the Soviet Union.
1990 – West Germany and East Germany announce that they will reunite on October 3.
1991 - Tim Berners-Lee* (b. 1955) opens the WWW, World Wide Web to new users.
1996 - Osama bin Laden* issues message entitled ‘A declaration of war against the Americans occupying the land of the two holy places.’
2007 – The skeletal remains of Russia’s last royal family members Alexei Nikolaevich, Tsarevich of Russia, and his sister Grand Duchess Anastasia are discovered nearYekaterinburg, Russia.
2011 – Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi* is overthrown during the 2011 Libyan civil war.
The individuals marked with “*” don’t have a profile on WikiTree yet. Please help grow our tree.