by Bob Fields
On July 30:
1818 - Emily Brontë, English author and poet (d. 1848) (Wuthering Heights).
1863 - Henry Ford, American engineer and businessman, founded the Ford Motor Company (d. 1947).
1939 - Peter Bogdanovich*, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (The Last Picture Show, Paper Moon).
1947 - Arnold Schwarzenegger, Austrian-American bodybuilder, actor, and politician, 38th Governor of California (Conan the Barbarian, The Terminator, True Lies).
1961 - Laurence Fishburne, American actor and producer (Boyz n the Hood, What’s Love Got to Do With It).
1963 - Lisa Kudrow, American actress, producer, and screenwriter (Friends).
1974 - Hilary Swank, American actress and producer (Boys Don’t Cry, Million Dollar Baby).
1683 - Maria Theresa[Habsburg] of Spain, wife of French KingLouis XIV(b. 1638).
1718 -William Penn, English businessman and philosopher, founded theProvince of Pennsylvania(b. 1644).
1875 -George Pickett, American Confederate general (b. 1825).
1898 -Otto von Bismarck, German lawyer and politician, 1stChancellor of Germany(b. 1815).
1918 -Joyce Kilmer, American soldier, journalist, and poet, killed by a sniper’s bullet at theSecond Battle of the Marne(b. 1886) (“Trees“).
1975 -Jimmy Hoffa, Teamsters union president and organized crime accomplice, disappears near Detroit. He is never seen or heard from again (b. 1913).
1996 -Claudette Colbert*, French-American actress and singer (b. 1903) (It Happened One Night).
2007 - Ingmar Bergman*, Swedish director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1918) (The Seventh Seal).
1619 – In Jamestown, Virginia, the first representative assembly in the Americas, the House of Burgesses, convenes for the first time.
1792 - The French national anthem, “La Marseillaise” by Claude Joseph Rouget de Lisle, was first sung in Paris.
1864 – American Civil War: Battle of the Crater: Union forces attempt to break through Confederate lines at Petersburg, Virginia by exploding a large bomb under their trenches.
1932 – Premiere of Walt Disney‘s Flowers and Trees, the first cartoon short to use Technicolor and the first Academy Award winning cartoon short.
1945 – World War II: Japanese submarine I-58 sinks the USS Indianapolis, in shark-infested waters, just after it delivered the first atomic bomb. Only 317 of the 1,196 men on board survived.
1965 – U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Social Security Act of 1965 into law, establishing Medicare and Medicaid.
1974 - Watergate scandal: U.S. President Richard Nixon releases subpoenaed White House tape recordings after being ordered to do so by the Supreme Court.
1976 - American Bruce Jenner wins gold in the decathlon at the Montreal Olympics. His 8,617 points set a world record in the event.
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