by Bob Fields

On November 26:
Birthdays:

Bat Masterson (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Eric Sevareid (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

Charles Schultz (Image Credit: WikiTree)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1607 - John Harvard, English minister and philanthropist, namesake of Harvard College (d. 1638).
1827 - Ellen G. White, American religious leader and author, co-founded the Seventh-day Adventist Church (d. 1915).
1853 - Bat Masterson, American West police officer and journalist (d. 1921).
1861 - Albert B. Fall, American Senator and Secretary of the Interior, responsible for the Teapot Dome scandal (d. 1944).
1876 - Willis Carrier, American engineer, invented air conditioning (d. 1950).
1899 - Richard Hauptmann*, German-American murderer in the Lindbergh kidnapping (d. 1936).
1912 - Eric Sevareid*, American CBS news journalist (d. 1992).
1922 - Charles M. Schulz, American cartoonist, created Peanuts (d. 2000).
1933 - Robert Goulet, American-Canadian singer and actor (d. 2007).
1939 - Tina Turner, American-Swiss singer-songwriter, dancer, and actress.

Deaths:

Isabella I (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Sojourner Truth (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Edward O'Hare (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1504 – Queen Isabella I of Castile, wife of Ferdinand II of Aragon, whose marriage unified Spain (b. 1451).
1883 - Sojourner Truth, African-American abolitionist and activist (b. 1797) (“Ain’t I a Woman?“).
1926 - John Browning*, American weapons designer, founded the Browning Arms Company (b. 1855).
1943 - Edward O’Hare*, American lieutenant and pilot, the first naval recipient of the Medal of Honor in World War II, namesake of Chicago’s O’Hare International Airport (b. 1914).
1956 - Tommy Dorsey, American trombonist, trumpet player, and composer (b. 1905).

Other Events:

Thanksgiving (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

Berezina (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

King Tut's Tomb (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1789 – A national Thanksgiving Day is observed in the United States as proclaimed by President George Washington at the request of Congress. FDR officially establishes the holiday in 1941.
1812 – The Battle of Berezina begins during Napoleon‘s retreat from Russia. The French suffer very heavy losses but manage to cross the river and avoid being trapped.
1863 – President Abraham Lincoln proclaims November 26 as a national Thanksgiving Day, to be celebrated annually on the final Thursday of November.
1922 - Howard Carter and Lord Carnarvon become the first people to enter the tomb of Pharaoh Tutankhamun (King Tut) in over 3000 years.
1949 - India adopts a constitution as a republic within the British Commonwealth.
1950 – Korean War: Troops from the People’s Republic of China enter the war with a massive counterattack in North Korea on United Nations troops at the Battle of Chosin Reservoir.
2000 - George W. Bush is certified the winner of Florida’s electoral votes by Florida Secretary of State Katherine Harris*, winning the presidential election.
2003 – The Concorde makes its final flight, over Bristol, England.
2008 - Mumbai attacks by Pakistani Lashkar-e-Taiba kill 164 people.

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by Bob Fields

On November 20:
Birthdays:

Wilfrid Laurier (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Robert F. Kennedy (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Joe Biden (Image Credit: WikiTree)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1841 - Wilfrid Laurier, Canadian lawyer, 7th Prime Minister of Canada 1896-1911, the longest unbroken term (d. 1919).
1858 - Selma Lagerlöf, Swedish author and educator, the first female Nobel Prize laureate for literature (d. 1940).
1889 - Edwin Hubble, American astronomer (d. 1953) (extragalactic astronomy, “Hubble’s law“, Hubble Space Telescope).
1908 - Alistair Cooke*, English-American journalist and author (d. 2004) (Masterpiece Theatre).
1917 - Robert Byrd, American lawyer, former KKK member, and longest serving Senator 1959-2010 (d. 2010).
1925 - Robert F. Kennedy, American soldier, lawyer, 64th U.S. Attorney General, assassinated presidential candidate (d. 1968).
1942 - Joe Biden, American lawyer and Senator, 47th U.S. Vice President.
1948 - John R. Bolton*, American lawyer and diplomat, 25th U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations.

Deaths:

Leo Tolstoy (Image Credit: WikiTree)

John Jellicoe (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Francisco Franco (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1316 - John I of France “the Posthumous”, King for the 5 days he lived, the shortest reign and youngest King (b. 1316).
1910 - Leo Tolstoy, Russian author and playwright (b. 1828) (War and PeaceAnna Karenina).
1935 - John Jellicoe, British Admiral of the Fleet during WW1 (b. 1859) (Battle of Jutland).
1954 - Clyde Vernon Cessna*, American pilot and engineer, founded the Cessna Aircraft Corporation (b. 1879).
1975 - Francisco Franco*, Spanish general and fascist dictator, Prime Minister of Spain from 1939-75 (b. 1892).

Other Events:

Tarawa (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

Nuremberg Trials (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

Royal Wedding (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1789 – New Jersey becomes the first U.S. state to ratify the Bill of Rights, the first 10 Constitutional amendments.
1910 - Mexican RevolutionFrancisco I. Maderodenounces President Porfirio Díaz*, calling for the overthrow of the government of Mexico, starting the Mexican Revolution.
1940 – World War II: Hungary becomes a signatory of the Tripartite Pact, officially joining the Axis powers.
1943 – World War II: Battle of Tarawa begins: Amphibious landing of Marines on Tarawa Atoll in the Gilbert Islands. Heavy resistance from Japanese results in nearly 6400 deaths in the 3 day battle.
1945 - Nuremberg trials: Trials against 24 Nazi war criminals start at the Palace of Justice at Nuremberg. 12 are sentenced to death.
1947 – The Princess Elizabeth (later Queen) marries Lieutenant Philip Mountbatten, who becomes the Duke of Edinburgh, at Westminster Abbey in London.
1977 – Egyptian President Anwar Sadat speaks before the Knesset in Jerusalem, seeking a permanent peace settlement.
1985 - Microsoft Windows 1.0 is released.
1992 – In England, a fire breaks out in Windsor Castle, badly damaging the castle and causing over £50 million worth of damage.

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by Bob Fields

On November 19:
Birthdays:

Charles I (Image Credit: WikiTree)

George Rogers Clark (Image Credit: WikiTree)

James A. Garfield (Image Credit: WikiTree)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1600 - Charles I of England, who was executed for treason (d. 1649).
1752 - George Rogers Clark, American Revolution general (d. 1818).
1831 - James A. Garfield, American Civil War general, lawyer, and politician, 20th U.S. President (d. 1881).
1905 - Tommy Dorsey, American trombonist, composer and bandleader (The California Ramblers) (d. 1956).
1917 - Indira Gandhi*, Indian politician, the only female Prime Minister of India (d. 1984).
1919 - Alan Young, English-Canadian actor, singer, and director (d. 2016) (Mister EdScrooge McDuck).
1926 - Jeane Kirkpatrick*, American academic and diplomat, 16th Ambassador to the United Nations (d. 2006).
1961 - Meg Ryan*, American actress and producer (When Harry Met Sally…).
1962 - Jodie Foster*, American actress, director, and producer (The AccusedThe Silence of the Lambs).

Deaths:

Franz Schubert (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Emma Lazarus (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

Joseph F. Smith (Image Credit: WikiTree)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1703 - Man in the Iron Mask, French prisoner jailed since 1669.
1828 - Franz Schubert, Austrian pianist and composer (b. 1797).
1883 - Carl Wilhelm Siemens*, German-English engineer, founded Siemens AG (b. 1823).
1887 - Emma Lazarus*, American poet (b. 1849) (“The New Colossus” inscribed on the Statue of Liberty).
1918 - Joseph F. Smith, American religious leader, 6th President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (b. 1838).
1998 - Ted Fujita*, Japanese-American meteorologist and academic (b. 1920) (Fujita scale).

Other Events:

Gettysburg Address (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

Anwar Sadat (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

Kenneth Starr (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1493 - Christopher Columbus goes ashore on an island he first saw the day before. He names it San Juan Bautista (later renamed Puerto Rico).
1863 – American Civil War: President Abraham Lincoln delivers the Gettysburg Address at the dedication ceremony for the military cemetery at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania.
1919 - The U.S. Senate rejects the Treaty of Versailles.
1977 - Egyptian President Anwar Sadat becomes the first Arab leader to visit Israel. He is assassinated by his own army in 1981.
1998 - Lewinsky scandal: Independent Counsel Kenneth Starr lays out the evidence against U.S. President Bill Clinton to The House Judiciary Committee, as impeachment hearings begin.

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by Bob Fields

On November 13:
Birthdays:

Edward III (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Robert Louis Stevenson (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Whoopi Goldberg (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

354 - Saint Augustine* of Hippo, Roman bishop and theologian (d. 430).
1312 - Edward III of England, noted for his military successes and for restoring royal authority, who reigned for 50 years (d. 1377).
1732 - John Dickinson, American lawyer, 5th Governor of Pennsylvania, Continental Congress member who refused to sign the Declaration of Independence, signer of the U.S. Constitution (d. 1808).
1809 - John A. Dahlgren, American admiral who launched major advances in gunnery (d. 1870) (the Dahlgren gun).
1814 - Joseph Hooker, American Civil War general (d. 1879).
1833 - Edwin Booth, American actor and manager, brother of John Wilkes Booth (d. 1893).
1850 - Robert Louis Stevenson, Scottish author and poet (d. 1894) (Treasure IslandDr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde).
1856 - Louis Brandeis, American lawyer, first Jewish Supreme Court justice, developed the “right to privacy” concept (d. 1941).
1955 - Whoopi Goldberg, American actress, comedian, and talk show host, Emmy/Grammy/Oscar/Tony Award winner (The Color Purple).

Deaths:

Rossini (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

Goodnight Moon (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

Karen Silkwood (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1770 - George Greenville, MP, British Prime Minister 1763-5, Lord of the Admiralty, Chancellor of the Exchequer, introduced the Stamp Act in 1765 (b. 1712).
1868 - Gioachino Rossini*, Italian pianist and composer (b. 1792) (The Barber of SevilleWilliam Tell Overture).
1903 - Camille Pissarro*, Virgin Islander-French Impressionist painter (b. 1830).
1942 - Daniel J. Callaghan*, American WW2 admiral, killed by an enemy shell on the bridge of his flagship during the Savo Island battle, awarded the Medal of Honor posthumously (b. 1890).
1952 - Margaret Wise Brown*, American children’s books author (b. 1910) (Goodnight Moon).
1974 - Karen Silkwood*, American technician and anti-nuclear activist, dies in a mysterious car crash (b. 1946) (Silkwood).

Other Events:

Thomas Cranmer (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Richard Montgomery (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Vietnam Veterans Memorial (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1002 - St. Brice’s Day massacre: English king Æthelred II ”the Unready” orders the killing of all Danes in England, after being ravaged by Danish raids every year from 997 to 1001.
1553 - Archbishop of Canterbury Thomas Cranmer, Lady Jane Grey, and three others, are accused of high treason and sentenced to death under Catholic Queen “Bloody” Mary I.
1775 – American Revolution: Patriot revolutionary forces under Gen. Richard Montgomery occupy Montreal. He later died while attacking Quebec.
1918 – Allied troops occupy Constantinople, the capital of the Ottoman Empire.
1956 – The U.S. Supreme Court declares Alabama laws requiring segregated buses illegal, thus ending the Montgomery Bus Boycott.
1982 – The Vietnam Veterans Memorial is dedicated in Washington, D.C.
1998 – President Bill Clinton agrees to pay Paula Jones $850,000 to settle a sexual harassment lawsuit.

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