by Bob Fields
On January 30:
1882 - Franklin D. Roosevelt, 32nd U.S. President, during the Great Depression and WW2 (d. 1945).
1905 - Emilio G. Segrè*, Italian physicist, 1959 Nobel laureate who discovered the antiproton (d. 1989).
1922 - Dick Martin*, American comedian, actor, and director (d. 2008) (Rowan & Martin’s Laugh-In).
1930 - Gene Hackman, American actor and author (The French Connection, Unforgiven).
1941 - Dick Cheney, 46th U.S. Vice President.
1951 - Phil Collins, English singer-songwriter, producer, and actor (Genesis).
1962 – King Abdullah II* of Jordan.
1974 - Christian Bale, Welsh-American actor (American Psycho, American Hustle, The Big Short).
1649 – King Charles I of England is beheaded, two years after the Scots sell him to the English Parliament for £100,000.
1836 - Betsy Ross, American seamstress, designed the American Flag (b. 1752).
1948 - Mahatma Gandhi, known for his non-violent freedom struggle, is assassinated by a Hindu extremist (b. 1869).
1948 - Orville Wright, American aviation pioneer; co-founded the Wright Company (b. 1871).
1991 - John Bardeen, American physicist and engineer; 2 time Nobel Prize laureate, for the invention of the transistor and for superconductivity theory (b. 1908).
2006 - Coretta Scott King, American author and activist, widow of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. (b. 1927).
1648 - Eighty Years’ War: The Treaty of Münster and Osnabrück is signed, ending the conflict between the Netherlands and Spain.
1661 - Oliver Cromwell, Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England, is ritually re-executed more than two years after his death, on the 12th anniversary of the execution of Charles I, whom he deposed.
1835 - Andrew Jackson survives the first attempt to kill a sitting President, just outside the U.S. Capitol.
1933 - Adolf Hitler is sworn in as Chancellor of Germany.
1943 - The British RAF begins a daytime bombing campaign against Berlin, on the 10th anniversary of Hitler‘s accession to power.
1945 – World War II: The Wilhelm Gustloff, overfilled with German refugees, is torpedoed by a Soviet submarine, killing approximately 9,500 in the deadliest known maritime disaster.
1945 – World War II: Raid at Cabanatuan: 126 American Rangers and Filipino fighters liberate over 500 prisoners from the Japanese POW camp.
1965 – One million people attend former Prime Minister Sir Winston Churchill‘s funeral.
1968 - Vietnam War: The Tet Offensive is launched by forces of the Viet Cong and North Vietnamese Army against South Vietnam and the United States.
1969 - The Beatles‘ last public performance, on the roof of Apple Records in London.
1972 - The Troubles: Bloody Sunday: British Paratroopers kill fourteen unarmed Catholic marchers in Derry, Northern Ireland.
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