by Bob Fields
On August 30:
1797 – Mary Shelley*, English author and playwright (d. 1851) (Frankenstein).
1871 – Ernest Rutherford*, New Zealand-English physicist and chemist, Nobel Prize laureate, the father of nuclear physics (d. 1937).
1893 – Huey Long*, American lawyer and politician, the “Kingfish” of Louisiana politics, 40th Governor of Louisiana (d. 1935).
1898 – Shirley Booth*, American singer, stage, screen, radio, and television actress (d. 1992) (Hazel).
1908 – Fred MacMurray*, American actor (d. 1991) (Double Indemnity , My Three Sons).
1912 – Edward Mills Purcell*, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate, discovered Nuclear magnetic resonance (d. 1997).
1913 – Sir Richard Stone*, English economist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1991).
1918 – Ted Williams*, American baseball player and manager, last player in MLB to bat over .400 in a single season (d. 2002).
1928 – Dr. Ruth Westheimer*, sex therapist (“Dr Ruth”).
1930 – Warren Buffett*, American businessman and philanthropist, Berkshire Hathaway chairman and CEO.
1935 – John Phillips*, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (The Mamas & the Papas) (d. 2001).
1944 – Tug McGraw, American baseball player (d. 2004).
1972 – Cameron Diaz*, American model and actress (There’s Something About Mary, Shrek).
526 – Theoderic the Great*, king of the Germanic Ostrogoths (475-526), ruler of Italy (493-526), dies of dysentery at Ravenna, Italy.
1483 – Louis XI of France [Valois] (b. 1423).
1879 – John Bell Hood*, Confederate American general (b. 1831) (Atlanta, Franklin-Nashville).
1938 – Max Factor*, Sr., Polish-American make-up artist and businessman, founded the Max Factor Company (b. 1877).
1940 – J. J. Thomson*, English physicist, Nobel Prize laureate, discovered the electron (b. 1856).
2003 – Charles Bronson*, American actor (b. 1921) (The Magnificent Seven, The Dirty Dozen, Death Wish)
2006 – Glenn Ford*, Canadian-American actor (b. 1916).
1682 – William Penn leaves England to sail to New World.
1776 – American Revolution: US Colonial army evacuates Long Island and falls back to Manhattan, NYC.
1781 – American Revolution: French fleet under Comte de Grasse* (1722-1788) defeats Admiral Thomas Graves* (1725-1802) at battle of Chesapeake Capes, preventing the evacuation of the besieged British forces at Yorktown VA.
1862 – Confederates defeat Union forces at the Second Battle of Bull Run in Manassas, VA.
1914 – World War I: Germans defeat the Russians in the Battle of Tannenberg, the almost complete destruction of the Russian Second Army. Alexander Samsonov*, Russian general, commits suicide.
1918 – Vladimir Lenin*, Bolshevik leader (1870-1924), shot by Fanni Kaplan*. This prompts the decree for Red Terror.
1918 – Czechoslovakia forms independent republic.
1941 – Nazi forces began the siege of Leningrad during World War II that lasted nearly two and a half years.
1942 – Nazi-Germany annexes Luxembourg.
1945 – Hong Kong is liberated from Japan by British Armed Forces.
1946 – Gen. Douglas MacArthur* (1880-1964) arrives in Japan and sets up Allied occupation headquarters.
1963 – The Moscow-Washington hotline between the leaders of the US and the Soviet Union goes into operation.
1967 – Thurgood Marshall* (1908-93) is confirmed as the first African American Justice of the US Supreme Court.
1980 – Striking Polish workers win a sweeping victory in a battle with their Communist rulers for the right to independent trade unions.
1982 – Yasser Arafat*, the leader of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) leaves his Beirut headquarters after more than a decade.
1999 – East Timor votes for independence from Indonesia in a referendum.
2001 – Former Yugoslav president Slobodan Milosevic* (1941-2006) is to be charged with genocide.
2005 – Hurricane Katrina (Category 5) struck the Gulf Coast, killing more than 1,700 people and flooding New Orleans after the city’s levees failed.
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