by Bob Fields

On November 23:

Edward Rutledge (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Franklin Pierce (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Boris Karloff (Image Credit: WikiTree)








912 - Otto I “the Great”, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 973)
1749 - Edward Rutledge, American captain, slaveholder, youngest signer of the Declaration of Independence, and 39th Governor of South Carolina (d. 1800).
1804 - Franklin Pierce, American general, lawyer, and 14th US President (d. 1869).
1837 - Johannes Diderik van der Waals*, Dutch physicist and thermodynamicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1923) (equation of state for gases and liquids).
1859 - Billy the Kid, William H. Bonney/McCarty, American West gunman/criminal (d. 1881).
1887 - Boris Karloff, English actor and singer (d. 1969) (Frankenstein, How the Grinch Stole Christmas!).
1888 - Harpo Marx, American actor and harpist (d. 1964) (Animal Crackers).
1992 - Miley Cyrus, American singer-songwriter and actress (Hannah Montana).


Elbridge Gerry (Image Credit: WikiTree)

William III (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Larry Hagman (Image Credit: Wikipedia)










1499 - Perkin Warbeck, Flemish imposter who claimed to be Richard of Shrewsbury, the lost son of King Edward IV [York] during the reign of King Henry VII [Tudor] of England, hanged (b. 1474).
1814 - Elbridge Gerry, American politician, 5th US Vice President (b. 1744) (gerrymandering).
1890 - William III* [Orange-Nassau], the last male monarch of the Netherlands until the accession of his great-great grandson in 2013 (b. 1817).
1899 - Thomas Henry Ismay*, English businessman, founded White Star Line. His son Bruce Ismay* survived the sinking of the Titanic (b. 1837).
1974 - Cornelius Ryan*, Irish-American journalist and author (b. 1920) (The Longest Day, A Bridge Too Far).
1979 - Merle Oberon*, Indian-American actress and singer (b. 1911) (The Scarlet Pimpernel, The Dark Angel, Wuthering Heights).
2012 - Larry Hagman, American actor, director, and producer (b. 1931) (I Dream of Jeannie, Dallas).

Other Events:

Ferdinand III (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

Boss Tweed (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Tarawa (Image Credit: Wikipedia)










1248 - Conquest of Seville, in modern Spain, by Christian troops under King Ferdinand III of Castile*.
1863 - American Civil War: Battle of Chattanooga begins: Union forces under Ulysses S. Grant counter-attack Confederate troops. Braxton Bragg‘s defeat eliminates Confederate control of Tennessee.
1876 - Corrupt Tammany Hall leader William Magear Tweed (“Boss Tweed”) is delivered to authorities in New York City after being captured in Spain.
1940 - World War II: Romania becomes a signatory of the Tripartite Pact, officially joining the Axis powers.
1943 – World War II: Tarawa and Makin atolls fall to American forces.  It was the first American offensive in the central Pacific region, and the first serious Japanese opposition to an amphibious landing.
1971 - The People’s Republic of China is seated at the United Nations, including the United Nations Security Council, for the first time.

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by Bob Fields

On This Day:

Mary of Guise (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Hoagy Carmichael (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Charles de Gaulle (Image Credit: Wikipedia)










1428 – Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick, a Yorkist leader in the Wars of the Roses, instrumental in deposing two kings. (d. 1471).
1515 – Mary of Guise, French Queen of Scotland, mother of Mary, Queen of Scots, regent of Scotland in her daughter’s name from 1554 to 1560 (d. 1560).
1564 – Henry Brooke, 11th Baron Cobham, Lord Lieutenant of Kent, who was implicated in the Main Plot against the rule of James I of England. (d. 1618).
1868 – John Nance Garner, 32nd US Vice President under FDR, who helped defeat FDR’s plans to enlarge the US Supreme Court (d. 1967).
1890 – Charles de Gaulle*, French general and politician, 18th President of France (d. 1970).
1898 – Wiley Post, American pilot, the first to fly solo around the world (d. 1935).
1899 – Hoagy Carmichael, American singer-songwriter, pianist, and actor (d. 1981) (“Stardust“, “Georgia on My Mind“, “Heart and Soul“).
1921 – Rodney Dangerfield*, American comedian, actor, and screenwriter (d. 2004) (Easy Money, Caddyshack, and Back to school).
1924 – Geraldine Page*, American actress and singer (d. 1987) (The Trip to Bountiful, What Ever Happened to Aunt Alice?).
1950 – Steve Van Zandt, American musician, songwriter, and actor (Bruce Springsteen‘s E Street Band, The Sopranos).
1958 – Jamie Lee Curtis, American actress and writer (Halloween, Trading Places, True Lies).
1961 – Mariel Hemingway, American actress (Manhattan).
1967 – Boris Becker*, German-Swiss tennis player, six-time Grand Slam singles champion, Olympic gold medalist in doubles, and Wimbledon’s  youngest men’s singles winner at age 17.
1984 – Scarlett Johansson, American actress and singer (The Avengers).


Blackbeard (Image Credit: WikiTree)

John F. Kennedy (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

C. S. Lewis (Image Credit: WikiTree)










1718 – British pirate Edward Teach (“Blackbeard“) is killed off the coast of North Carolina, in battle with Royal Navy Lieutenant Robert Maynard* (b. 1680).
1774 – Robert Clive, English general and politician, who established the military and political supremacy of the East India Company in Bengal, securing India for the British crown. (b. 1725).
1902 – Walter Reed, American physician and entomologist, who confirmed that yellow fever is transmitted by mosquito (b. 1851).
1916 – Jack London*, American journalist and author (b. 1876) (The Call of the Wild, The Sea Wolf).
1943 – Lorenz Hart*, American Broadway lyricist (b. 1895) (Rodgers and Hart, “My Funny Valentine“, “The Lady Is a Tramp“).
1955 – Shemp Howard*, American actor and comedian (b. 1895) (The Three Stooges).
1963 – John F. Kennedy is assassinated In Dallas, and Texas Governor John Connally is seriously wounded. Lee Harvey Oswald is charged with the murder. Oswald is shot two days later by Jack Ruby* while in police custody. Kennedy is the fourth and last President to be assassinated.
1963 – Aldous Huxley, English-American author and screenwriter (b. 1894) (Brave New World).
1963 – C. S. Lewis, Irish-English author, poet, and critic (b. 1898) (The Chronicles of Narnia).
1980 – Mae West, American actress, singer, and author (b. 1893) (She Done Him Wrong, I’m No Angel).

Other Events:

Battle of Stalingrad (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

Lyndon B. Johnson (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

Angela Merkel (Image Credit: Wikipedia)










1307 – Pope Clement V* issues the papal bull Pastoralis Praeeminentiae which instructed all Christian monarchs in Europe to arrest all Templars and seize their assets.
1699 – The Treaty of Preobrazhenskoye  is signed by Denmark, Russia, Saxony and Poland, for the partitioning of the Swedish Empire. Following the treaty, the Great Northern War begins.
1942 – World War II: Battle of Stalingrad: General Friedrich Paulus* sends Adolf Hitler a telegram saying that his German 6th Army is surrounded.
1943 – Lebanon gains independence from France.
1963 – Vice President Lyndon B. Johnson is sworn in as the 36th President.
1975 – Juan Carlos* I is declared King of Spain following the death of Francisco Franco*.
1990 – British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher withdraws from the Conservative Party leadership election, confirming the end of her premiership.
1995 – Toy Story is released as the first feature-length film created completely using computer-generated imagery.
2004 – The Orange Revolution begins in Ukraine, resulting from the presidential elections.
2005 – Angela Merkel* becomes the first female Chancellor of Germany, the first to be born after World War II, and the first post-reunification Chancellor to be raised in the former East Germany.
Feast Day of St. Cecilia, patron saint of musicians.

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by Bob Fields

On November 16:

W C Handy (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

Burgess Meredith (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

Oksana Baiul (Image Credit: Wikipedia)










1873 – W. C. Handy*, American blues trumpet player and composer, the “Father of the Blues” (d. 1958).
1907 – Burgess Meredith*, American actor and director (d. 1997) (Rocky, The Day of the Locust, The Penguin).
1958 – Marg Helgenberger*, American actress (China Beach, CSI: Crime Scene Investigation).
1977 – Oksana Baiul*, the only Ukrainian skater to win gold at the Winter Olympics, and the first Olympic champion of independent Ukraine.
1977 – Maggie Gyllenhaal*, American actress (Secretary).


Queen Saint Margarete of Scotland (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Henry III (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

King Gustaf II Adolf of Sweden (Image Credit: WikTree)









1093 – Saint Margaret [Wessex], wife of Malcolm III of Scotland (b. 1045). Three sons were King of Scotland from 1097-1153.
1272 – Henry III [Plantagenet]. King of England (1216-1272). Edward I becomes King, but he will not return to England for nearly two years because he is on the Ninth Crusade.
1632 – Thirty Years’ War: Battle of Lützen: King Gustavus II Adolphus [Vasa] of Sweden dies in battle against the Catholic League of the German Holy Roman Empire, but the Swedes are victorious.
1797 – Frederick William II [Hohenzollern] of Prussia (b. 1744).
1960 – Clark Gable*, American actor and singer (b. 1901) (Gone with the Wind, Mutiny on the Bounty, It Happened One Night).

Other Events:

Warsaw Ghetto

Benazir Bhutto (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

Condoleezza Rice (Image Credit: Wikipedia)










1532 – Francisco Pizarro*, Spanish conquistador, captures Inca Emperor Atahualpa* at the Battle of Cajamarca.
1776 – American Revolution: British and Hessian units capture Fort Washington and Manhattan. Washington is chased across New Jersey and into Pennsylvania. The British control New York City for the rest of the war.
1849 – A Russian court sentences writer Fyodor Dostoyevsky* to death for anti-government activities linked to a radical intellectual group; his sentence is later commuted to hard labor.
1933 – The US and Soviet Union establish diplomatic relations, for the first time.
1940 – Holocaust: The Nazis close off the Warsaw Ghetto and over 400,000 Jews from the outside world, in occupied Poland. 300,000 of them die during the war, most in Treblinka.
1945 – Operation Paperclip: 88 German rocket scientists are brought to the United States.
1945 – UNESCO (the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is founded.
1988 – Voters in Pakistan elect populist candidate Benazir Bhutto* to be Prime Minister of Pakistan, in the first open election in more than a decade. She was assassinated in 2007.
1988 – The Supreme Soviet of the Estonian Soviet Socialist Republic declares that Estonia is “sovereign” but stops short of declaring independence.
2004 – President George W. Bush nominates National Security Adviser Condoleezza Rice* to be Secretary of State, succeeding Colin Powell. She is the first female African-American secretary and the second African American secretary (after Colin Powell).

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Weston Smith going on his honeymoon. If you’re wondering where his bride is – she’s the one taking the picture!

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by Bob Fields

On November 15:

Erwin Rommel (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

Curtis LeMay (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

Claus von Stauffenberg (Image Credit: WikiTree)










1316 – John I of France “the Posthumous”, who had the shortest reign of any French king, for 5 days, the only person to be King of France since birth. (d. 1316).
1708 – William Pitt, 1st Earl of Chatham, English politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom during the Seven Years’ War (d. 1778).
1738 – William Herschel, German-English astronomer and composer, discovered Uranus and infrared radiation (d. 1822).
1887 – Georgia O’Keeffe, American painter (d. 1986) (American Modernism).
1891 – Averell Harriman*, American politician, 48th Governor of New York, Ambassador to Great Britain and the Soviet Union during WW2 (d. 1986) (“The Wise Men”).
1891 – Erwin Rommel*, German field marshal (d. 1944) (Afrika Korps).
1906 – Curtis LeMay*, American Air Force general and politician (d. 1990) (Pacific Theater strategic bombing, Berlin airlift).
1907 – Claus von Stauffenberg, German colonel, led the 20 July plot of 1944 to assassinate Adolf Hitler (d. 1944).
1929 – Ed Asner*, American actor, president of the Screen Actors Guild (Lou Grant).
1940 – Sam Waterston*, American actor and producer (The Killing Fields, Law & Order).
1951 – Beverly D’Angelo*, American actress and singer (National Lampoon’s Vacation, Coal Miner’s Daughter, American History X, Hair).


Johannes Kepler (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Lionel Barrymore (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Margaret Mead (Image Credit: Wikipedia)










1630 – Johannes Kepler, German astronomer and mathematician (laws of planetary motion) (b. 1571).
1819 – Daniel Rutherford*, Scottish chemist and physician, discovered nitrogen (b. 1749).
1954 – Lionel Barrymore, American stage and movie actor and director (b. 1878) (A Free Soul, It’s a Wonderful Life).
1958 – Tyrone Power, American stage and film actor (b. 1914) (The Mark of Zorro, Mister Roberts).
1967 – Michael J. Adams*, American astronaut, the first American space mission fatality, in an X-15 (b. 1930).
1978 – Margaret Mead*, American anthropologist and author (b. 1901) (Coming of Age in Samoa).
1996 – Alger Hiss*, American government official and Soviet spy (b. 1904).

Other Events:

Anne Bonny (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

William T. Sherman (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Georges Clemenceau (Image Credit: WikiTree)










1720 – Pirates Anne Bonny*, Mary Read*, and John Rackham* are captured by Capt. Jonathan Barnet* and brought to Spanish Town, Jamaica, for trial.
1777 – American Revolutionary War: After 16 months of debate the Continental Congress approves the Articles of Confederation.
1859 – The first modern revival of the Olympic Games takes place in Athens, Greece.
1864 - American Civil War: Union General William Tecumseh Sherman burns Atlanta, Georgia and starts Sherman’s March to the Sea.
1889 – Brazil is declared a republic by Marshal Deodoro da Fonseca* as Emperor Dom Pedro II* is deposed in a military coup.
1899 – Morning Post reporter Winston Churchill captured by Boers in Natal.
1917 – 76-year-old Georges Clemenceau is named prime minister of France for the second time.
1920 – First assembly of the League of Nations is held in Geneva, Switzerland.
1940 – Coventry Blitz: The German Luftwaffe bombs Coventry in a massive raid leaving much of the city devastated.
1942 – World War II: The Battle of Guadalcanal ends in a decisive US victory.
1969 - Vietnam War: In Washington, D.C., 250,000-500,000 protesters staged a peaceful demonstration against the war.

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