by Bob Fields
On December 14:
1503 – Michel de Nostradamus, French astrologer, physician, and predictor of the future (d. 1566).
1546 – Tycho Brahe*, Danish astronomer and chemist, known for his accurate and comprehensive astronomical and planetary observations (d. 1601).
1895 – George VI of the United Kingdom, the “reluctant king” during /WW2. He was the last Emperor of India and the first Head of the Commonwealth. (d. 1952).
1896 – Jimmy Doolittle, American pilot and general, Medal of Honor recipient for the Doolittle Raid on Japan (d. 1993).
1897 – Margaret Chase Smith*, American educator and politician, the first woman to serve in both houses of the US Congress (d. 1995).
1911 – Spike Jones*, American singer, actor, and bandleader, who performed satirical arrangements of popular songs (d. 1965).
1935 – Lee Remick*, American actress (d. 1991) (Days of Wine and Roses, The Omen).
1946 – Patty Duke*, American actress and singer (The Miracle Worker, The Patty Duke Show, Screen Actors Guild president).
1542 – James V of Scotland, son of King James IV of Scotland and his queen Margaret Tudor, a daughter of Henry VII of England. His daughter Mary Stuart becomes Mary, Queen of Scots (b. 1512).
1591 – Saint John of the Cross*, Spanish priest, a major figure of the Counter-Reformation (b. 1542). December 14 is his Christian feast day.
1799 – George Washington, American Revolution general and politician, 1st US President, after bloodletting to treat a throat inflammation caused him to lose half his blood volume (b. 1732).
1861 – Albert, Prince Consort, German husband of British Queen Victoria (b. 1819).
1902 – Julia Grant, wife of US President Ulysses S. Grant (b. 1826).
1943 – John Harvey Kellogg, American physician and businessman, co-invented corn flakes (b. 1852).
1947 – Stanley Baldwin, English Conservative politician, 3 time Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1867).
1953 – Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings, American Pulitzer Prize author and academic (b. 1896) (The Yearling).
2013 – Peter O’Toole, Irish-English actor, holds the record for the most Academy Award acting nominations without a win (b. 1932) (Lawrence of Arabia, Becket, The Lion in Winter).
1812- The French invasion of Russia comes to an end as the remnants of the Grande Armée are expelled from Russia.
1900 – The birth of Quantum mechanics: Max Planck* presents a theoretical derivation of his black-body radiation law.
1903 – Orville and Wilbur Wright make their first attempt with the Wright Flyer at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina, with minor damage. Repairs take 3 days, after which they successfully fly.
1911 – Roald Amundsen*’s Norwegian team becomes the first to reach the South Pole.
1918 – Friedrich Karl von Hessen*, brother-in-law of Kaiser Wilhelm, a German prince elected by the Parliament to become King Väinö I, renounces the Finnish throne, a year after declaring independence from Russia and shortly after Germany’s defeat in WW1.
1939 – Winter War: The Soviet Union is expelled from the League of Nations for invading Finland.
1946 – The United Nations General Assembly votes to establish its headquarters in New York City.
1981 – Arab-Israeli conflict: Israel annexes the Golan Heights, seized from Syria in 1967.
1995 – The Dayton Agreement is signed in Paris by the leaders of the Yugoslavia, Croatia, and Bosnia and Herzegovina, putting an end to the 3 1⁄2-year-long Bosnian War.
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