by Bob Fields

On October 10:

Giuseppe Verdi (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

Robert Shaw (Image Credit; WikiTree)

Helen Hayes (Image Credit: WikiTree)










1731 – Henry Cavendish*, French-English chemist, physicist, and philosopher, discovered hydrogen (d. 1810).
1738 – Benjamin West, American historical painter, second president of the Royal Academy in London (d. 1820).
1770 – Benjamin Wright, chief engineer of the Erie Canal and the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal (d. 1842).
1813 – Giuseppe Verdi*, Italian composer (d. 1901) (AidaRequiemOtelloRigoletto).
1837 – Robert Gould Shaw, American Civil War colonel, commanded the first all-black regiment (54th Massachusetts) (d. 1863) (Glory).
1900 – Helen Hayes, American actress, one of twelve people who have won an Emmy, Grammy, Oscar and Tony (EGOT) (d. 1993) (Airport).
1917 – Thelonious Monk*, American pianist and composer (d. 1982).
1946 – Ben Vereen*, American actor, singer, and dancer (Roots).
1954 – David Lee Roth*, American singer-songwriter and producer (Van Halen).


William Seward (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Yul Brenner (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Orson Welles (Image Credit: WikiTree)










1872 – William H. Seward, NY Senator, Governor, 24th Secretary of State (b. 1801) (Alaska purchase).
1911 – Jack Daniel, American whiskey distiller, businessman, founded Jack Daniel’s (b. 1849).
1913 – Adolphus Busch, German-American brewer and businessman, co-founded Anheuser-Busch (b. 1839).
1985 – Yul Brynner, Russian-American actor and director (b. 1920), of lung cancer from heavy smoking (The Ten CommandmentsThe King and IThe Magnificent Seven).
1985 – Orson Welles, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1915) (“The War of the Worlds“, Citizen Kane).
2004 – Christopher Reeve, American actor, producer, and activist (b. 1952) (Superman).
2013 – Scott Carpenter*, American test pilot, Mercury astronaut, the second American to orbit the Earth (b. 1925).

Other Events:

US Naval Academy (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

Chicago Fire (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

Angela Merkel (Image Credit: Wikipedia)











732 – Battle of Tours: Near Poitiers, France, the leader of the Franks, Charles Martel, defeats a large army of Moors, stopping the Muslims from spreading into Western Europe, laying the foundations of theCarolingian Empire.
1775 – General William Howe is named the interim commander in chief of the British army in America, replacing Lieutenant General Thomas Gage.
1780 – The Great Hurricane of 1780 kills 20-30,000 in the West Indies.
1845 – In Annapolis, Maryland, the Naval School (later renamed the US Naval Academy) opens with 50 midshipman students and seven professors.
1871 – The Great Chicago Fire: Chicago burns for 3 days, after a barn accident.
1938 – The Munich Agreement cedes the Sudetenland in Czechoslovakia to Nazi Germany.
1973 – Vice President Spiro Agnew resigns after being charged with evasion of federal income tax.
1985 – US Navy F-14 fighter jets intercept an Egyptian plane carrying the hijackers of the Achille Lauro cruise ship, and force it to land at a NATO base in Sigonella, Sicily where they are arrested.
2002 – The US House votes 296-133 to give President George W. Bush authority to use military force against Iraq. (The Senate follows suit the next day.)
2005 – Angela Merkel becomes Germany’s first female chancellor and its first leader from the former Communist East.

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