by Bob Fields

On October 11:

Henry Heinz (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Eleanor Roosevelt (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Daryl Hall (Image Credit: WikiTree)










1844 – Henry J. Heinz, American ketchup businessman, founded the H. J. Heinz Company (d. 1916).
1884 – Eleanor Roosevelt, American humanitarian and politician, 39th US First Lady (d. 1962).
1918 – Jerome Robbins, American director, producer, and choreographer. Five time Tony Award winner, two time Academy Award winner (d. 1998) (West Side Story).
1946 – Daryl Hall, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (Hall & Oates).


Meriwether Lewis (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Chico Marx (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

Casimir Pulaski (Image Credit: WikiTree)











1779 – General Pulaski Memorial Day (United States), honoring General Kazimierz Pulaski (Casimir Pulaski), a Polish hero of the American Revolution who died from grapeshot wounds suffered at the Siege of Savannah, and to honor the heritage of Polish Americans.
1809 – Meriwether Lewis, American captain, explorer, and politician, 2nd Governor of Louisiana Territory, along the Natchez Trace in Tennessee, under mysterious circumstances, at an inn called Grinder’s Stand. (b. 1774).
1961 – Leonard “Chico” Marx, American actor, comedian, and pianist. His nickname is pronounced ‘Chick-oh’ (b. 1887) (Marx Brothers).
1991 – Redd Foxx, American actor and comedian (b. 1922) (Sanford and Son).

Other Events:

Benedict Arnold (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Reagan and Gorbachev (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

Jimmy Carter (Image Credit: Wikipedia)










1776 – American Revolution: Battle of Valcour Island – On Lake Champlain NY an American fleet under Benedict Arnold is defeated by the Royal Navy, but delays the British advance into New York until 1777.
1899 – Second Boer War begins in South Africa, between the United Kingdom and the Boers of the Transvaal and Orange Free State.
1910 – Former President Theodore Roosevelt becomes the first U.S. president to fly in an airplane
1914 – The Siege of Antwerp ends after 11 days, after heavy fighting. Antwerp remains under German occupation until the 1918 Armistice.
1942 – World War II: Battle of Cape Esperance: US Navy intercepts a Japanese fleet reinforcing troops on Guadalcanal, sinking a majority of the ships. Japanese sailors who found themselves in the water refused rescue by Americans, preferring to be devoured by the sharks as a less shameful fate.
1954 – First Indochina War: The Viet Minh take control of North Vietnam.
1968 – Apollo program: NASA launches Apollo 7, the first successful manned Apollo mission, with astronauts Wally Schirra*, Donn F. Eisele and Walter Cunningham* aboard.
1975 – Future US President William Jefferson Clinton marries future Presidential candidate Hillary Rodham in Little Rock, Arkansas.
1975 – The NBC sketch comedy/variety show Saturday Night Live debuts with George Carlin as the host.
1976 – China’s ‘Gang of Four‘ arrested: The new head of the Communist Party, Hua Guofeng*, snuffs out a coup led by Chairman Mao’s widow.
1986 – Cold War: Ronald Reagan and Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachevmeet in Reykjavík, Iceland, to continue discussions about scaling back their nuclear intermediate missile arsenals in Europe.
2002 – Former President Jimmy Carter is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.
2002 – The US Senate joins the House of Representatives in approving the use of America’s military might against Iraq.

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