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|Event years 1773-1789|
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Ethan Green Allen was an American Revolutionary War leader who fought for Vermont's independence. Born in Litchfield, Connecticut to Joseph and Mary Baker Allen, Ethan had eleven siblings and moved with his family to Cornwall. Ethan had aspirations to go to college, however, upon the untimely death of his father was required to look after the family and his younger siblings.
Ethan had a colorful military record, first serving in the colonial military during the French and Indian War. In the early 1770s, he emerged as the military leader of Anti-New York dissidents, known as the Green Mountain Boys(see link below), who were fighting New York over the New Hampshire grants. As a forceful organization, they successfully created the Republic of Vermont (1777–1791) and later the State of Vermont.
In the Revolutionary War, Ethan Allen and Benedict Arnold led a successful raid to capture Fort Ticonderoga(see link below).
Ethan died twenty-two days after his birthday on February 12, 1789 at the age of 51, in Burlington, Vermont. He was buried in Green Mount Cemetery, Burlington, Vermont.
Ethan Allen (January 21, 1738 [O.S. January 10, 1737] – February 12, 1789) was a farmer, businessman, land speculator, philosopher, writer, and American Revolutionary War patriot, hero, and politician. He is best known as one of the founders of the U.S. state of Vermont, and for the capture of Fort Ticonderoga early in the American Revolutionary War.
Born in rural Connecticut, Allen had a frontier upbringing but also received an education that included some philosophical teachings. In the late 1760s he became interested in the New Hampshire Grants, buying land there and becoming embroiled in the legal disputes surrounding the territory. Legal setbacks led to the formation of the Green Mountain Boys, whom Allen led in a campaign of intimidation and property destruction to drive New York settlers from the Grants. When the American Revolutionary War broke out, Allen and the Boys seized the initiative and captured Fort Ticonderoga in May 1775. In September 1775 Allen led a failed attempt on Montreal that resulted in his capture by British authorities. First imprisoned aboard Royal Navy ships, he was paroled in New York City, and finally released in a prisoner exchange in 1778.
Upon his release, Allen returned to the Grants, which had declared independence in 1777, and resumed political activity in the territory. In addition to continuing resistance to New York's attempts to assert control over the territory, Allen was active in efforts by Vermont's leadership for recognition by Congress, and he participated in controversial negotiations with the British over the possibility of Vermont becoming a separate British province.
Allen wrote accounts of his exploits in the war that were widely read in the 19th century, as well as philosophical treatises and documents relating to the politics of Vermont's formation. His business dealings included successful farming operations, one of Connecticut's early iron works, and land speculation in the Vermont territory. Land purchased by Allen and his brothers included tracts of land that eventually became Burlington, Vermont. He was twice married, fathering eight children.
The Green Mountain Boys
The Green Mountain Boys were a militia organization first established in the 1760s in the territory between the British provinces of New York and New Hampshire, known as the New Hampshire Grants (which later became the state of Vermont). Headed by Ethan Allen and members of his extended family, they were instrumental in resisting New York's attempts to control the territory, over which it had won de jure control in a territorial dispute with New Hampshire.
When these disputes led to the formation of the Vermont Republic in 1777, the Green Mountain Boys became the state militia. Some companies served in the American Revolutionary War, including notably when the Green Mountain Boys led by Ethan Allen captured Fort Ticonderoga on Lake Champlain on May 10, 1775; the invasion of Canada in 1775; and the battles at Hubbardton and Bennington in 1777.
Following Vermont's admission to the Union in 1791, the original organization essentially disbanded. The Green Mountain Boys mustered again during the War of 1812, the Civil War, and the Spanish-American War. Today it is the informal name of the Vermont National Guard which comprises both the Army and Air National Guards
Capture of Fort Ticonderoga
The Capture of Fort Ticonderoga occurred during the American Revolutionary War on May 10, 1775, when a small force of Green Mountain Boys led by Ethan Allen and Colonel Benedict Arnold overcame a small British garrison at the fort and looted the personal belongings of the garrison. Cannons and other armaments from the fort were transported to Boston and used to fortify Dorchester Heights and break the standoff at the Siege of Boston.
After seizing Ticonderoga, a small detachment captured the nearby Fort Crown Point on May 11. Seven days later, Arnold and 50 men boldly raided Fort Saint-Jean on the Richelieu River in southern Quebec, seizing military supplies, cannons, and the largest military vessel on Lake Champlain.
Although the scope of this military action was relatively minor, it had significant strategic importance. It impeded communication between northern and southern units of the British Army, and gave the nascent Continental Army a staging ground for the invasion of Quebec later in 1775. It also involved two larger-than-life personalities in Allen and Arnold, each of whom sought to gain as much credit and honor as possible for these events.
Find A Grave Biography
Revolutionary War Vermont Militia Officer. A fiercely independent soldier who often caused problems for the American side as well as the British during the war, he served in the French and Indian War at Fort William Henry, acquiring land in Vermont for his services. When the area that would become the State of Vermont came under Land Grant disputes between New York and New Hampshire in the late 1760s, he formed and became Colonel of the "Mountain Boys" militia unit to discourage New York aims with guerrilla attacks (this led to Royal Governor Tryon putting a reward out for his capture). When the Revolutionary War started, he led his militiamen with Benedict Arnold in his most celebrated feat - the May 10, 1775 capture of the lightly defended Fort Ticonderoga. The guns Colonel Allen and Arnold captured there helped force the British out of Boston. His resistance to efforts to incorporate his Green Mountain Boys into the Continental Army caused him to be voted out of command by his men (they would be led by Colonel Seth Warner for the rest of the war). Ethan Allen then accompanied Benedict Arnold in the expedition to Canada, and was captured in the failed assault on Montreal. He was imprisoned in England until paroled in October 1776. After his formal exchange in May 1778 he received a brevet of Colonel in the Continental Army, but received no command, and returned to Vermont. Frustrated in his attempts to have Vermont become its own state (it was part of New Hampshire at the time), he entered into negotiations with the British in Quebec to make it a English Colony (these plans were wholly unsuccessful). A popular history of his life states that he was a "talented guerrilla leader, devoted to Vermont, but indifferent to the United States" (bio by: Russ Dodge). 
Ethan Allen's Descendents1. Ethan Allen born 21 Jan 1738, Litchfield, CT, married (1) 23 Jun 1762, in Woodbury, CT, Mary Brownson, born 1732, (daughter of Cornelius Bronson and Abigail Jackson) died 1783, married (2) 9 Feb 1784, in Westminister, VT, Frances Montresor Brush Buchanan, born 4 Apr 1760, New York, NY, died 1834. Ethan died 12 Feb 1789, Burlington, Vermont, buried: abt 21 Feb 1789, Green Mountain Cemetery, Burlington, VT.
- Children by Mary Brownson:
- i Loraine Allen born 21 Apr 1763, died 1783, Sunderland, VT.
- ii Joseph E. Allen born 25 Nov 1765, died 1777.
- iii Lucy Caroline Allen born 1768.
- iv Mary Ann (Maryan) Allen born 1772, died Oct 1790, Burlington, VT.
- v Pamelia Allen born 1779.
- Children by Frances Montresor Brush Buchanan
- vi Frances (Fanny) Margaret Allen born 13 Nov 1784, Sunderland, VT, died 10 September 1819, Montreal, Canada; she was the first in the American colony to convert to Catholicism, and became a nun.
- vii. Hannibal Montresor Allen born 24 Nov 1787, Burlington, VT, married 1808, Agnes Bodine Low, born 1788, died 1863. Hannibal died 1813, Norfolk, VA.
- viii Ethan Voltare (Alphonso) Allen born 24 Oct 1789.
[More at Rootsweb http://archiver.rootsweb.ancestry.com/th/read/ALLEN-NE/1998-03/0889468074]
- The biography of Ethan Allen from the Encarta Encyclopedia follows:
- Allen, Ethan (1738-89), patriot of the American Revolution, leader of the Green Mountain Boys, and champion of statehood for Vermont.
- Allen was born on January 21, 1738, in Litchfield, Connecticut.
- In 1769 he moved to the region known as the New Hampshire Grants, comprising present-day Vermont.
- After settling in Bennington, he became prominently involved in the struggle between New York and New Hampshire for control of the region.
- Following rejection by the New York authorities of an appeal that the region be established as a separate province, Allen organized a volunteer militia, called the Green Mountain Boys, to resist and evict proponents of the New York cause. He was thereupon declared an outlaw by the royal governor of New York.
- At the outbreak of the American Revolution, Allen and his force offered their services against the British. On orders from the Connecticut legislature, he, the Connecticut soldier Benedict Arnold, and a contingent of the Green Mountain Boys captured Fort Ticonderoga early in the morning of May 10, 1775. Allen demanded surrender from the British commander, "in the name of the Great Jehovah and the Continental Congress."
- Subsequently, as a member of the army of General Philip John Schuyler, he rendered valuable service in the American military expedition against Canada. He was taken prisoner near Montréal in September 1775 and held in confinement until exchanged in 1778.
- Following his release by the British, he returned to his home and was commissioned a lieutenant colonel in the Continental Army and major general of militia.
- In 1778 Allen appeared before the Continental Congress in behalf of a claim by Vermont for recognition as an independent state.
- With his brother, Ira Allen, and other Vermonters, he devoted most of his time thereafter to the territorial dispute. He negotiated with the governor of Canada between 1780 and 1783, ostensibly to establish Vermont as a British province.
- On the basis of this activity he was charged with treason, but, because the negotiations were demonstrably intended to force action on the Vermont case by the Continental Congress, the charge was never substantiated.
- He wrote a Narrative of Colonel Ethan Allen's Captivity (1779).
- Allen died in Burlington, Vermont, on February 12, 1789.
- Goodrich, John E., Compiler, Editor; A Member of the Vermont Historical Society. The State of Vermont, Rolls of the Soldiers in the Revolutionary War, 1775 to 1783. Published by Authority of the Legislature.
- A List of the Field Officers, Captains and Part of the Lieutenants of the RegimentPublisher: Vermont Historical Society, Rutland, Vermont: The Tuttle Company, 1904, 814: "A List of the Field Officers, Captains and part of the Lieutenants of the Regiment of Green Mountain Boys, consisting of seven companies. July 4, 1775, Colonel Allen's royal list of loyal Officers: Ethan Allen, Field Officer.
- ??, 831: "The fact that the 'Green Mountain Boys' were at Quebec in 1776; that two of the officers on these rolls - Captain and Commissary Elijah Babcock, and Capt. Robert Cochran are identified in name and rank with those on a list handed to the Provincial Congress of New York by Ethan Allen and Seth Warner, on July 4, 1775, as officers of the Green Mountain Boys; and the further fact that none of the men are recorded in any other place, or with any other organization, all confirm the belief that the soldiers on its rolls herewith were a part of that historic band." Col. Ethan Allen.
- Joseph Joslin, Barnes Frisbie and Frederick Ruggles, A history of the town of Poultney, Vermont: from its settlement to the year 1875, with family and biographical sketches and incidents (Google eBook), 1875, 20: at a meeting in Canaan, CT, he was chosen Proprietors' Clerk, 28 Feb 1772.
- ??, 25: 24 May 1775, because he "cut out" Esquire Monroe "of his own land in the second division," Seth Warner was voted 100 acres anywhere in the town, to be "pitched" by Ethan Allen.
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