Pierre Arseneau

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Pierre Arseneau aka Arsenault, Arceneaux
Born about in present-day region of Charentes-Maritime, Francemap [uncertain]
Son of [father unknown] and [mother unknown]
[sibling(s) unknown]
Husband of — married to [location unknown]
Husband of — married about to about [location unknown]
Died in Beaubassin, Acadie, Nova Scotia, Canadamap [uncertain]
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Categories: French Immigrants to Acadia.

(Template:Acadian)


(Template:Migrating Ancestor)


Contents

Biographie

(English version below)

Pierre Arsenau est né vers 1650. Selon Stephen A. White, son lieu d'origine n'est pas connu. [1] Son arrivé a Port-Royal semble être après le recensement de 1671. Il était un pilote côtier.[2]

Vers 1672, Pierre collabora avec Jacques Bourgeois pour fonder la colonie Bourgeois, qui devint Beaubassin.[3]

Pierre s'est marié deux fois.[2] Il épousa Marguerite Dugas, fille de Abraham Dugas et de Marguerite Doucet, vers 1675. Le couple a eu deux fils: Pierre (vers 1676) et Abraham (vers 1678).[1]

Vers 1685, Pierre a convolé avec Marie Guérin, fille de François Guérin et d'Anne Blanchard, qui lui a donné six autres fils (Charles, Jacques, François, Claude (dit Ambroise), Augustin, et Abraham ) et une fille (Anne).[1]

Pierre est mort avant 1714.[1]

Biography

(version français ci-dessus)

Added by John deRoche 21 Dec 2011: My info is that he was born c1646-1650 in the modern-day "département" of France called Charente-Maritime; died 1710 at Beaubassin in Acadie; occupation, coastal pilot. Married 1st c1675 to Marguerite Dugas (2 children Pierre and Abraham); 2nd c1685/89 to Marie Guérin (6 sons-Charles, Jacques, François, Claude (dit Ambroise), Augustin, Abraham & 1 daughter-Anne).

Timeline

c1650 birth
c1675 marriage to Marguerite Dugas
c1676 birth, son Pierre
c1678 birth, son Abraham
b1686 marriage to Maire Guérin
1686 residence, Port-Royal
c1687 moves to Beaubassin[3]
1687 War of the League of Augsburg (King William’s War) starts between England and France[4]
c1690 birth, son Charles
c1692 birth, son Jacques
1690 Phipps captures and sacks Port-Royal, coerces inhabitants' oaths of allegiance to English Crown, sets up local Peacekeeping Council and leaves within 12 days.[5][6][7] Seaman from two ships later loot and burn between 28 and 35 homes/habitations including the parish church.[8]
1693 residence, Beaubassin
c1694 birth, son François
1696 Benjamin Church raids Beaubassin. Once the English ships were seen, the inhabitants fled, carrying their more valuable possessions. Church “…stayed nine days and in his own account …admitted that the settlers’ ”cattle sheep, hogs, and dogs” were left ”lying dead about their houses, chopped and hacked with hatches". The church and some of the houses were also burnt. [4]
c1697 birth, daughter Anne
1698 residence, Beaubassin
c1699 birth, son Claude (dit Ambroise)
c1700 residence, Beaubassin
c1701 birth, son Augustin
c1702 birth, son Abraham (dit le Petit Abram)
1702 War of the Spanish Succession (Queen Anne’s War) starts between England and France[8]
1704: Church raids Beaubassin again: “The Acadians were in arms and an indecisive skirmish ensued. After the Acadians retreated into the woods, Church and his men found that the inhabitants had removed as much of their household and farm goods as possible. Church set the buildings on fire [20]and killed about 100 cattle before leaving to return to Boston” [4]
c1710 death at Beaubassin[3]

Discussion

Parents

Pierre's parents are unknown. Some believe Abraham and Marguerite Doucet are his parents, but evidence supporting this has not been found.

Sources

  • 1686 Acadian Census at Port-Royal: Pierre ARSENAULT 40, Marie GUERIN 24; children: Pierre 10, Abraham 8.
  • 1693 Acadian Census at Beaubassin: Pierre ARSENAULT 43, Marie GUERIN his wife 30, Pierre 16, Abraham 14, Charles 3, Jacques 1; 14 cattle, 10 sheep, 5 hogs, 8 arpents, 2 guns.
  • 1698 Acadian census at Beaubassin: Pierre ARSENAU 48; Marie GUERIN (wife) 36; Abraham 20; Charles 9; Jacques 7; Francois 4; Anne 1; 12 cattle, 6 sheep, 5 hogs, 21 arpents, 2 guns.
  • 1700 Acadian census at Beaubassin: Piere AARSONNEAU [Arseneau] 50; Marie GUERIN (wife) 38; Abraham 22; Charles 11; Jacques 8; François 6; Claude 1; 16 cattle, 13 sheep, 12 hogs, 24 arpents, 4 guns.
  • 1701 Acadian census at Beaubassin: Pierre ARSENEAU, his wife, 6 boys, 12 arpents, 20 cattle, 15 sheep, 12 hogs, 5 guns.
  • 1707 Acadian census at Beaubassin: Pierre ARSENAULT and Marie GUERIN 2 boys 14or older, 4 younger boys; 8 arpents, 16 cattle, 16 sheep, 12 hogs.
  • 1714 Acadian census at Beaubassin: The Widow ARSENEAU; Children: Jacques, Francois, Claude, Abraham, Augustin.

Footnotes

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 (Template:DGFA-1)
  2. 2.0 2.1 (Template:SW94)
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 (Template:SA-BA1965)
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Griffiths, Naomi E.S., From migrant to Acadian : a North-American border people, 1604-1755, Montreal (Québec), McGill-Queen's University Press, 2005, p147-151 (King William’s War); p 164 (1696 Church raid of Beaubassin); p 208 (1704 Church’s Raid on Beaubassin)); p 267-268 (oaths of allegiance)
  5. C.P.Stacey, “PHIPS, SIR WILLIAM,” in Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol. 1, University of Toronto/Université Laval, 2003, accessed November 20, 2013
  6. Biography of William Phipps
  7. C.Bruce Fergusson,“LA TOURASSE, CHARLES,” in Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol. 1, University of Toronto/Université Laval, 2003, accessed November 20, 2013
  8. 8.0 8.1 Dunn, Brenda. A History of Port Royal / Annapolis Royal 1605-1800. Nimbus Publishing, p44-45 (1697 Treaty of Ryswick); p52-53(1702 Queen Anne’s War); p82-85(1710 Siege of PR).


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