Many genealogies freely confuse this Thomas Barnes (of New Haven County) with a different Thomas Barnes, of Farmington township in adjacent Hartford County, whose wife Mary was hanged as a witch in 1663. Because both men immigrated from England, probably in the 1630s, and lived in colonial Connecticut in adjacent counties, it is quite difficult to keep the facts concerning them separate, but they are indeed unrelated individuals. To add to this confusion, there were two other Thomas Barnes in the nearby Massachusetts Colony who were alive at about the same time (Trescott, 1907, p. 4-5).
"Thomas is referred to as the Thomas Barnes of Hartford, Hartford County, CT. He was one of the first 40 settlers in Hartford, CT, 1639 having six acres alloted to him. His name appears on the Founders Monument at Hartford, CT. It is believed that he was born in Essex County, England. Thomas sailed from London, England to St. Kitts or St. Christopher in 1635 on the ship, William and John. Feb 1639, four parcels of land were described "belonging to Thomas Barnes and to his heirs forever." This site was to become part of the business center of the City of Hartford, and contained about as much land as an ordinary city block, it faces southeast, at the corner of High Street and Albany Avenue."
"His first wife, Mary, was convicted and executed of Witchcraft
in January-1662/1663. Thomas served in the Pequot War, 1637, granted 50
acres for his services, 1671. He removed to Farmington and served as a Sergeant in the Trainband of Farmington, CT in 1651. He joined the Farmington Church about 30 Jan 1652/3 and was the 30th member. Subsequently, two of his sons were baptized there."
"Thomas was probably the first Barnes family in America. His will is dated 9 June, 1688. Around 1661, he gave the City of Farmington a rear portion of his land for a burying ground. In 1668, he gave another portion on the street for the same purpose, and in 1695, his son Joseph sold a third portion to the town. The earliest burials there are unmarked. The oldest stone which can be deciphered are 1685."
"Thomas residence in Farmington was 123 Main Street. In 1946, Mrs. Hurlburt
wrote an article concerning the Barnes' Home for the Colonial Dames Society
as the "Barnes-Mix-Lawrence House"."
Barnes, Thomas sen., Farmington. A Deed of Guift made by Thomas Barnes sen. (which is to stand as his last Will) dated 9 June 1688.
This may certify to all Concerned: That I Thomas Barnes sen., of Farmington, for & in Consideration of the natural Love & Good Affection to my wife & Children hereafter mentioned, & for other good Causes moving, have given and granted as followeth: To my beloved wife Mary Barnes, I give the Use & Improvement of halfe my Homelott, Dwelling house, Orchard, Barn & Yard lying and being in the Township of Farmington; as also the Use & Improvement of halfe my Land in Pa quabuck Meadow & Con chee. The Use of the Lands and houseing above mentioned I give to my sd. wife during the term of her natural life. The particulars above mentioned, according to the Tennour expressed, I give to my wife provided she shall pay or cause to be paid the 1/2 of my Just Debts. To my son Thomas Barnes I give the 1/2 of my Homelott, Dwelling house, Orchard, Barn & Yard lying and being within the Township of Farmington; also half my Land in Pawquabuck Meadow & Conshee, with half my Quick Stock & halfe my Household Stuffe; the other halfe I give to him after my wife's decease. To my son Ebenezer I give 1/2 the Lands in Pawquabuck Meadow and Conshee after his Mother's decease; also my 4 acre Lott lying at Rattlesnake Hill, & 1/2 of the rest of my Woodland or Outlands lying in the Farmington Bounds, at the age of 21 years. The other halfe of these last mentioned Woodland or Outlands I give to my son Thomas Barnes. To my Children which are already gone from me and disposed in marriage, I have formerly given according to my Ability, with which I expect they shall acquiesse.
Witness: John Stanly sen THOMAS X BARNES
John Hooker of Farmington made Oath on the 7th of February, 1689-90 before William Lewes, Comms., that the Instrument was the free Act and Deed of Thomas Barnes sen., Decd.
Court Record, Page 11-6 March, 1689-90: Will approved by the Court.