Olof Bergh

Olof Bergh

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Olof "Olaf, Oolof, Oelof, Oloff" Bergh
Born about in Gothenburg, Goteborg, Och Bohus, Swedenmap
Son of [father unknown] and [mother unknown]
[sibling(s) unknown]
Husband of — married in Cape of Good Hopemap
Died in Cape Town, South Africamap
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Categories: The Dutch Cape Colony 1652-1806.


A BIG TASK IS TO ESTABLISH / CLARIFY HIS SWEDISH ROOTS.

Anton Bergh shared a link from Sweden Genealogy Research on September 11, 2012: Can anyone advise how to look for the Swedish roots of Olof Martini Bergh, Born about April 16, 1643 in Gothenburg, Goteborg, ?Och Bohus?, Sweden; Son of [father?] and [mother?], [brothers or sisters?]; Husband of Anna de Koningh — married September 10, 1678 in Cape of Good Hope, South Africa. His details and descendants are here: http://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Bergh-143[1]

Geoffrey Fröberg Morris replied on October 12, 2012: Olof’s birth in 1643 predates the earliest birth and christening recods in the city of Göteborg. To do research this far back in time, you will need to use sources like court records (domböcker and tänkeböcker), tax records, and maybe other city records depending on the family’s situation. You can check the Family History Library Catalog through FamilySearch.org to see what they have on microfilm. Also, you could contact the Regional archive (Landsarkiv) in Göteborg at: landsarkiv.gla@riksarkivet.se or the city archive Göteborg Stadsarkiv at: arkivnamnden@arkivnamnden.goteborg.se to ask for their advice. Maybe they know of biographical sources from others research on the same family?[1]

Is Ulrich Bergh his brother? [Bergh, Ulrich] BERGH (Ulrich), b.. in Gothenburg, about 1655, deceased in Java before Feb. 1. 1695. He joined the OIC in 1680 as an ensign and was a fellow expedition to Sumatra's west coast, where the company between 1667 to 1681 successively to Baros, Priaman, and Aërbangis Singkel (1681) has established. In 1682 he led the reserve forces at the Tangerang, where the commander to the highly successful William Hartsinck stubbornly defended fortress to conquer. He was then lieutenant at Newport in Batavia (85) In 87 he was appointed deputy commander of the important Tangerang's expedition against Adolf Winkler opened Balinese straw. He was married to Catharina Elisabeth Cuffelaer from Amsterdam, daughter of Magdalena Arenim, residing in London. Later he married Isabella Maxwell of Dordrecht, widow of the ensign Gravendijk Govert, with whom she had four children.[1]

Olof BERGH got married [2]] to Anna DE CONINGH / de KONINGH; her mother was ANGELA (Ansela) VAN BENGALE (also known as Mooij Ansela).[1]

SHORT SYNOPSIS: Olof Bergh was born to a cadet branch of a Swedish noble house in 1643 in Goteborg, Sweden. Bergh joined the Vereenigde Oostindische Compagnie (VOC) or Dutch East India Company in 1665, serving in Batavia and Ceylon before arriving at the Cape in 1670. Bergh became a prominent and wealthy member of the Cape community. He enjoyed a close relationship with Commander and later Governor Simon van der Stel, something that would become very useful later.[1]

1643 BORN in GOTHENBERG, SWEDEN[1]

1665 JOINED VOC[1]

1670 ARRIVED in the CAPE[1]

1681 PROMOTED TO ENSIGN[1]

1682 SALVAGED SHIP "Johanna"[1]

1685 PROMOTED TO LIEUTENANT[1]

1686 SALVAGED SHIP "Nossa Senhora de los Milagros"[1]

1686 Arrested & imprisoned on Robben Island 1686 for 6 months; then banished to Ceylon[1]

1695 Returned to the Cape: Captain of the Garrison, member of the Political Council and later, the Council of Justice[1]

1701 BOUGHT farm "de Kuilen"[1]

1715 RETIRED from the DEIC / VOC and bought farm "Groot Constantia"[1]

1724 DIED[1]

In 1682 Olaf was send out to salvage the Johanna, the first English East Indiaman to be wrecked on the South African coastline. She weighed 550 tons, and was commanded by Captain Robert Brown. She was on an outward bound voyage from the Downs, off south-east Kent, which she had left on the 27th February 1682 in the company of 4 other ships named the Williamson, Nathaniel, Welvaert and Samson, all bound for Bengal except the Johanna destined for Surat. The Johanna went down about 40 miles to the east of the Cape, at about 4 o'clock in the morning of the 8th June, in good but dark cloudy weather. The Johanna's principal cargo consisted of silver specie to the value of 72,000 pounds (70 chests of pieces-of-eight and silver bullion of the English factories in Bengal). Ten people drowned and 104 people reached Cape Town. Rumors of treasure on board the ship caused Commander van der Stel to send a salvage party, headed by VOC official Ensign Olaf Bergh, to see what they could find. At the site, Bergh found four bodies washed up on shore, which they buried. Besides bottles of Brandy, casks of wine and beer, Bergh found 613 Spanish Reels, which had all washed up on shore. This stimulated Bergh's desire to get out to the wreck and he sent for a carpenter and a slave named Pay Mina, who was a trained pearl diver. Bergh returned to the Castle after successfully salvaging coins to the value of 28, 302 gulden.[1]

Four years later in 1686 Bergh was accused of plundering the wreck of the Portugueseship Nossa Senhora de los Milagros, a case surrounded by a great deal of controversy and mystery. This vessel of 30 guns and 150 men, was commanded by Don Emmanual Da Silva, a close friend of the Portuguese King. The ship was on her way from Goa (India) to Portugal, bearing gifts from King Phra Narai of Siam to Pedro, King of Portugal, Louis XIV of France and Charles XI of England, when it was wrecked at Cape Agulhas. Apart from a large crew, she carried three Jesuit Priests and three Siamese Ambassadors as passengers. Two Ambassadors were among the survivors. All survivors were brought to Kaapstad where they were cared for. When it was discovered that a valuable gold cross with eight diamonds, a silver filigree scent ball and a rosary had been sold to one of the residents by one of the salvagers Arent Hendricks, and company officials unearthed a cache of ship's loot in the garden of Olaf Bergh, shit hit the fan. Bergh was lieutenant and member of the Political Council at the time... He was imprisoned on Robbeneiland for six months (where 300 years later Nelson Mandela would also be incarcerated) and eventually he was banished to Ceylon. However it seems that Anna remained at the Cape. In 1695 Olof was pardoned for his crimes and he was restored to full glory in the Cape community as Captain of the Garrison, member of the Political Council and - later - the Council of Justice. See the article written by Leonard D. Lourens. This promotion had to have been the result of networking or ass-kissing in its highest form. Stashed royal loot could also have played a role here I imagine. In any case all the facts surrounding Olof and Anna leave plenty to speculate about. For instance, I wonder if Olof fathered Carolus Erlandt Bergh born 10 Jul 1689 and Johanna Magdalena Bergh born 26 Aug 1691?[1]

Olaf Bergh was one of the wealthiest men at the Cape in his time and a considerable landowner. His properties included the farm De Kuilen (today Kuilsriver), a house on the Heerengracht in Kaapstad, another house behind it, a house near the Grote Kerk, a house in Table Valley, the farm Constantia and two bungalows in Piquetberg. How much of this wealth was from loot from the shipwrecks is anyone's guess. I cannot imagine how an official could earn enough to buy all these holdings with his salary alone.[1]

In 1684 Bergh owned four male slaves, a female slave and two slave children. Anthonie van Angola bought the slave Sijmen Ham van Madagascar for 85 Rds from Bergh. In 1700 Bergh sold the slave Arend van Bengale to his mother-in-law for 70 Rds. In 1702 the freeburgher Christoffel Armbrecht agreed to purchase a slave for Bergh in exchange for another slave belonging to Bergh whom he wanted to marry. Christoffel already had a child with her and was raising the child as his own. Olof Bergh died in 1724 in Kaapstad, and his wife Anna de Koningh died there nine years later. [1]

Bergh was a leading figure in the Cape community, he was a member of the Political Council. There are drawings of both of them still preserved. He had the farm De Kuilen, a house on Heerengracht, and another house behind it, a house near the church, another house in Tavelvallei, the farm Constania and two opstallen at Piquetberg.[1]

Maria de Haze the wife of Governor WA van der Stel tried to commit suicide in 1705, by drowning herself in the fountain. Anna saved her from this deed.[1]

Children:

Christina (baptised 18 Jun 1679), first marriage to Jacobus de Wet (forefather of the De Wet family in South Africa), second marriage to Matthias Bergstedt (on 28 Jun 1711)[1]

Maria (baptised 1 March 1682) first marriage to Albert Koopman (on 1 Jan 1702), second marriage to Johannes Visser (3 Jul 1707) [1]

Petrus (baptised 19 May 1684)[1]

Appolonia Africana (baptised 8 Sep 1686), married to Jan Alders (forefather of the Alders family in South Africa)[1]

Carolus Erlandt (baptised 10 Jul 1689)[1]

Johanna Magdalena (baptised 26 Aug 1691), married to Daniel Carnspeck[1]

Dorothea Francina (baptised 30 Jun 1695)[1]

Olof Abraham (baptised 24 Jul 1729), first marriage to Johanna Margaretha Groenewald (on 13 Aug 1758), second marriage to Cornelia Mostert[1]

Martinus (baptised 2 Nov 1696), married to Catharina Ley (on 20 Aug 1719)[1]

Engela (baptised 12 Dec 1700)[1]

Albertus (baptised 29 Oct 1702), married to Elizabeth Bisseux (14 Feb 1723)[1]

Petrus was sent to the East as soldier, due to bad behaviour.[1]

KINDERS b1 Christina = 18 Jun 1679, X Jacobus de Wet, XX 28 Jun 1711 Matthias Bergstedt b2 Maria = 1 March 1682, X 1 Jan 1702 Albert Koopman, XX 3 Jul 1707 Johannes Visser b3 Petrus = 19 May 1684 b4 Appolonia Africana = 8 Sep 1686, X Jan Alders b5 Carolus Erlandt = 10 Jul 1689 b6 Johanna Magdalena = 26 Aug 1691, X Daniel Carnspeck b7 Dorothea Francina = 30 Jun 1695 b8 Olof Abraham = 24 Jul 1729, X 13 Aug 1758 Johanna Margaretha Groenewald, XX Cornelia Mostert b9 Martinus = 2 Nov 1696, X 20 Aug 1719 Catharina Ley b10 Engela = 12 Dec 1700 b11 Albertus = 29 Oct 1702, X 14 Feb 1723 Elizabeth Bisseux[1]

The son Petrus was due to his behaviour sent as a soldier to the East.[1]

Olof Bergh died in 1724, and she died nine years later.[1]

Nossa Senhora dos Milagros 1686[1]

Shipwrecks discovered and excavated[1]

WRECK HUNT: Salvaging the Ocean's Treasures[1]

Schrijver was involved in salvage operations of the Nossa Senhora dos Milagros[1]

The Nossa Senhora dos Milagros (Milagros) was a Portuguese vessel of 30 guns and 150 men, commanded by Don Emmanual Da Silva, a close friend of the Portuguese King. The ship was on her way from Goa (India) to Portugal, bearing "Presents for Kings" from the King of Siam.[1]

Reference: Cape Times weekly magazine of January 11th 1969. Story written by Leonard D. Lourens.[1]

Nossa Senhora dos Milagros 1686 - Ivory artifacts recovered Quote: "When on the night of April 16, 1686, the Portuguese ship Nostra Senhora de los Milagros was wrecked at Cape Agulhas, it was not only the end of a gallant ship - it almost ended the successful career of a man who was held in high esteem by Govenor Simon van der Stel. That man was Olaf Bergh, the aristocratic Danish founder of the South African family which still bears his name.[1]

The ship was on her way, bearing gifts from King Phra Narai of Siam to Pedro, King of Portugal, Louis XIV of France and Charles 11 of England. Apart from a large crew, she carried three Jessuit Priests and three Siamese Ambassadors as passengers.[1]

When the Governor heard of the ambassadors and other possible survivors, he sent a party of seven to search for them. Two of the Siamese were found (the other ambassador having died soon after reaching the shore) as well as some crewmembers. All were brought to Cape Town where they were cared for.

Realizing that there was very little hope of salvaging the wreck the Portuguese officers ceded their rights to the ship to the Company. Simon van der Stel immediately sent a salvage team consisting of Lieutenant Olaf Bergh, the Fiscal Johannes van Keulen, and some men among whom were Arent and Willem Hendricks, to try and retrieve some of the treasure.[1]

Bergh boarded the wreck and was followed by four other members of the party. On board they were surprised to find a young slave named Anthony of Mocambique guarding the possessions of his master, Father Joseph de la Graria. Because of rough seas Olaf Bergh remained on the wreck for twelve days and in the light of later events, what happened during that period can only be guessed at.[1]

When the party returned to the Castle, they handed in several pieces of material most of which were so soiled that they were distributed by the Governor among the members of the Council.[1]

It was not long after the return of the salvage party that ugly rumors started circulating among the inhabitants of Cape Town. To add weight to the rumors, it was discovered that a valuable gold cross with eight diamonds, a silver filigree scent ball and a rosary had been sold to one of the residents by one of the salvagers, Arent Hendricks and in the garden of Olaf Bergh company officials unearthed a cache of ship's loot.[1]

Accusations and rumors were rife and many in high positions at the Cape found themselves under suspicion. On February 23rd, 1687, the respected clergyman, Johannes Overney, found himself in the unenviable position of having to protest his innocence from the pulpit of his church.[1]

Although Bergh later admitted his part in the theft, he very incautiously implicated Van der Stel in the matter by stating that he had verbally reported to the Governor who had advised him to keep quiet about the affair. The culprit was detained on Robben Island for a period of three and a half years after which he was given the option of remaining in the Cape as a free burgher, or retaining his rank in the state of semi-exile in Ceylon. This option was in consideration of the many years of excellent service he had rendered the Company. He chose to go to Ceylon.[1]

Web: Nederland, Oostindische Compagnie passagierslijst naar Indië. 1699-1794 Web: Netherlands, Dutch East India Company Passenger Lists to India, 1699-1794 about Olof Bergh sea voyage from Cape to exile in Ceylon[1]

Name: Olof Bergh Departure Date: 29 dec 1690 Arrival Date: 6 aug 1691 Arrival Place: Ceylon Residence: Gottenburg Information concerning Olof Bergh from Gottenburg:

Occupation at commencement of employment: Sea lieutenant Went onboard ship at the Cape of Good Hope: Pampus He departed the Netherlands with the ship: CONSTANTIA In service of the chamber: Amsterdam chamber Month certificate: No

Information concerning the voyage:

Ship: Pampus Departure: 29-12-1690 Chamber: Amsterdam Cape: 12-05-1691 06-06-1691 Inventory number: 5378 Folio: 155 Arrival: 06-08-1691 Ceylon DAS- and voyage no.: 1610.2

All information is now being collated, checked and expanded upon where necessary. This will probably be completed by 2012.[1]

In 1695 Bergh returned to the Cape bearing testimonials of his good work in Ceylon. After being appointed Captain of the Garrison he resumed his seat on the Council of Policy. His past indiscretion was not held against him because he was appointed to many important commissions before being retired on half-pay in 1715.[1]

Olaf Bergh was one of the wealthiest men at the Cape during his day and quite a considerable landowner. In 1701 he bought De Kuilen (Kuils River) and the adjacent farm Saxenberg. After retirement from the service of the Company, he bought the historical farm Constantia, from the estate of Simon van der Stel and it was here that he died in his eightieth year in 1724."[1]


Soos genoem was Christoffel Henning die eerste Henning wat by die Kaap aangekom het. Hy het vanaf Fehrbellin (naby Berlyn), Duitsland gekom. Gedu-rende 1683 vergesel hy vir Olof Bergh op sy ekspe-disie na Namakwaland, en later op ekspedisies na die gestrande Engelse skip Joanna en die wrak van die Portugese skip Nossa Senhora de los Milagros (Mei 1686). Siam (vandag Thailand) se nuwe ambassadeurs aan Portugal, Frankryk en Engeland was aan boord van die Nossa Senhora de los Milagros. ’n Groot deel van die skeepsvrag was juwele en ander geskenke vir die koningshuise van die gasheerlande. Verskeie lede van Olof Bergh se reddingsgeselskap, onder andere Christoffel Henning, het geld en juwele by die wrak gesteel. Vir sy aandeel is Christoffel vir vyf jaar lank na Robbeneiland verban. Gedurende 1692 is hy in ’'n ondergeskikte hoedanigheid terug in diens van die Kompanjie en word vanaf 1693 in die Monsterrolle as '’n sersant vermeld. Op 15 September 1686 trou hy met Antonetta Visser van Lekkerkerk in Nederland. Hulle het die volgende kinders gehad [...].

The Codex Witsenii - a rare document in the South African museum[3][1]:

In 1657 Jan van Riebeeck learned of the 'Amaqua' or Namaqua, a rich Khoikhoi tribe living to the north of the Dutch settlement on the shore of Table Bay. Their country was said to be the source of all the copper used by the indigenous people. It was also believed that the Namaqua (now known simply as the Nama: '-qua' means 'people') could lead the Dutch to the 'Chobona', who was believed to be the leader of all the Khoikhoi and 'rich in gold'. Consequently, several expeditions were sent northward along the western part of the country. The most important of these were those of Pieter van Meerhoff in 1661, Oloff Bergh in 1682-3 and Simon van der Stel in 1685-6. Van der Stel's expedition travelled the farthest north, to the Copper Mountains in the vicinity of present-day Springbok.

Reports of these expeditions were sent to the Here Sewentien (Seventeen Lords or Gentlemen), the Directors of the Dutch East India Company (VOC) in Amsterdam. Van der Stel's report was accompanied by coloured drawings of some of the flora and fauna encountered on the way, as well as illustrations of the Copper Mountains and a Namaqua man and woman. This report and most of the illustrations are now in Ireland, in the library of Trinity College, Dublin.[1]

Simon van der Stel's camp at the Copper Mountains. The letters indicate various places described on the reverse of the drawing.

The drawings are believed to be the work of Heinrich Claudius, an apothecary or pharmacist and artist. He is known to have been on Bergh's expedition but there is no clear evidence that he also accompanied Van der Stel. The drawings are annotated with information regarding the dietary use and the medicinal or pharmacological properties of many of the plants and some of the animals, a number of which were observed in areas not reached by Bergh's expedition. Information of this sort would have been of interest and use to someone like an apothecary, whose training would have included education in the properties and uses of plants. These factors suggest that Claudius was the artist [Bergh.FTW][1]

[Christina Bergh 885655.FTW]

1. Records in possession of J.P.Hansie brummer

Graafwater (16 km from the retreat). In 1910, Graafwater was built as a railway junction between Cape Town and Bitterfontein. Later, the local church congregation developed the town. Heerenlogement. Oloff Bergh discovered this cave on his first expedition to find copper. Oloff Bergh Stone. On Klipfontein Farm, 25km from Graafwater and 10km southeast of Heerenlogement

On your way to Boschenbach Nature Resrve you can visit the Heerenlodgement: In 1682 an official of the Dutch East India Company, Oloff Bergh and his men sent by commander Simon van der Stel to investigate the possibility of mining copper in Namaqualand, spent the night in this cave. At Boschenbach Nature Reserve you can view bushman rock paintings, lions, gems buck, eland, ostrich, crocodile etc.

Heerenlogement and Oloff Bergh Stone on the farm Klipfontein: (027 422 1723)

The peaceful Sandveld towns of Graafwater and Leipoldtville lie between the Cederberg mountains and the coast surrounded by potato and rooibos tea farms. In springtime the Sandveld comes alive with wild flowers. North of Graafwater lies the historical Heerenlogement cave and Bergfontein. This was a popular resting place for cattle traders, hunters, soldiers and others travellers heading north between 1665 and 1682. Oloff Bergh was the first white person who called at the famous cave and fountain in November 1682. Simon van der Stel carved his name in the Heerenlogement cave on his journey to Namaqualand in 1685 and again on the 29th October 1712.[1]

Born 1643 in Gotenborg, Sweden, died 1724 in Cape Town, South Africa.[1]

Olof Bergh was born to a cadet branch of a Swedish noble house, and later married to Anna de Coningh (sometimes spelled as De Koningh).[1]

He joined the Vereenigde Oostindische Compagnie (VOC) or Dutch East India Company in 1665, serving in Batavia and Ceylon before arriving at the Cape in 1676, serving under Governor van Goens. Arrived in Cape Town in 1670. Bergh was a prominent and wealthy member of the Cape community.[1]

In 1686 Bergh was accused of plundering the wreck of the ship Nossa Senhora de los Milagros, a case surrounded by a great deal of mystery. A lieutenant and member of the Political Council at the time, he was imprisoned on Robbeneiland for six months (where 300 years later Nelson Mandela would also be incarcerated) and eventually banished to Ceylon. In 1695 he was forgiven his crimes and restored to full glory in the Cape community as Capitain of the Garrison, member of the Political Council and - later - the Council of Justice.[1]

His properties included the farm De Kuilen (today Kuilsriver), a house on the Heerengracht in Cape Town, another house behind it, a house near the Grote Kerk, a house in Table Valley, the farm Constantia and two bungalows in Piquetberg.[1]

Kuilsrivierse pioniertyd vooruit

The journals of the expeditions of the honorable ensign Olof Bergh (1682 and 1983) and the ensign Isaq Schrijver (1689). Transcribed and translated into English and edited with a foreword and footnotes by Dr E.E. Mossop. Publications from the Van Riebeeck Society, 12. Cape Town. Pp 270, plates, maps. Notes: Early descriptions of the Cape area and its inhabitants. The Swede, Olaf Bergh, was one of the earliest travellers to undertake the journey up to Namaqualand. The purpose of his journeys was to negotiate with the 'Sousequase and Gourisse Hottentots' , to trade and to familiarise himself with the region up the Cape west coast. Isaq Schrijver of Leiden was also sent north by Governor Simon van der Stel to barter for cattle and to look for minerals. Bergh has a parallel Afrikaans-English text while Schrijver is in English only.[1]


Olof joined the Vereenigde Oostindische Compagnie (VOC) or Dutch East India Company in 1665. He served in Batavia and Ceylon before arriving at the Cape in 1676, serving under Governor van Goens.[4]

Bergh was a prominent and wealthy member of the Cape community.
In 1686 Bergh was accused of plundering the wreck of the ship Nossa Senhora de los Milagros, a case surrounded by a great deal of mystery. A lieutenant and member of the Political Council at the time, he was imprisoned on Robbeneiland for six months (where 300 years later Nelson Mandela would also be incarcerated) and eventually he was banished to Ceylon. In 1695 he was pardoned for his crimes and restored to full glory in the Cape community as Capitain of the Garrison, member of the Political Council and - later - the Council of Justice.[4]
His properties included the farm De Kuilen (today Kuilsriver), a house on the Heerengracht in Cape Town, another house behind it, a house near the Grote Kerk, a house in Table Valley, the farm Constantia and two bungalows in Piquetberg[4]
Ad Biewenga, De Kaap de Goede Hoop -- Een Nederlandse vestigingskolonie 1680 -1730, p. 225: Makes the following reference to Olof Bergh and Anna de Koning:
"Inderdaad zien we ouders zich met het huwelijk van hun kind bemoeien. In 1723 kantten Olof Bergh en zijn vrouw Anna de Koning zich tegen het voorgenomen huwelijk van hun zoon Simon Petrus. Omdat hij er niet van af te brengen was, verzochten zij de Politieke Raad of hij naar Indië verzonden mocht worden. Nadat de Raad inlichtingen had ingewonnen, werd Bergh junior als matroos aangesteld en verzonden". Resolusies VI.356 & 371
Reference:CapeArgus,GovernmentGazette.
"TheJohanna1682(Joanna)"[4]
The Johanna was the first English East Indiaman to be wrecked on the South African coastline. She was an English East Indiaman of 550 tons, commanded by Captain Robert Brown.[4]
She was on an outward bound voyage from the Downs, off south-east Kent, which she had left on the 27th February 1682 in the company of 4 other ships named the Williamson, Nathaniel, Welvaert and Samson, all bound for Bengal except the Johanna destined for Surat. They lost her about 35 or 40 miles to the east of the Cape, at about 4 o'clock in the morning of the 8th June, during good but dark weather, with a cloudy sky, by turning her ashore. The Johanna's principal cargo consisted of silver specie to the value of 72 000 pounds (70 chests of pieces-of-eight and silver bullion of the English factories in Bengal). Ten people drowned and 104 people reached Cape Town. Rumours of treasure on board the ship caused Simon van der Stel to send a salvage party, headed by Ensign Olaf Bergh, a Dutch East India Company official, to see what they could find. On arrival at the site, Bergh found four bodies washed up on shore, which they buried. Besides bottles of Brandy, casks of wine and beer, Bergh found 613 Spanish Reels, which had all washed up on shore. This stimulated Bergh's desire to get out to the wreck and he sent for a carpenter and a slave named Pay Mina, who was a trained pearl diver. Bergh returned to the Castle after a successful salvage of recovering coins to the value of 28, 302 gulden[4]
Groot Constantia Oloff Bergh and Anna de Koningh (1716 1734)
Oloff Bergh, who took possession of Constantia on 13 November 1716, was born in Güteborg, Sweden, in 1643 and joined the VOC in 1665. He spent a few years in Ceylon as a soldier and was a sergeant when he arrived at the Cape in 1676. Here he married Anna de Koningh; they had 11 children. In 1681 he was promoted to ensign and he undertook a few unsuccessful voyages of exploration to Namaqualand in search of copper.[4]
In 1682 the English ship Joanna ran aground near Gansbaai. Bergh had the task of salvaging its cargo, which he did successfully, but with small personal reward. In 1686 the Portuguese ship Nostra Senhora de los Milagros suffered a similar fate near Cape Agulhas. When Simon van der Stel, then Commander, sent a group under Bergh?s command to salvage the load, they decided to look after their own interests, plundered the ship, sold the booty in Cape Town, and gambled and caroused on the proceeds. Van der Stel had the whole group arrested. Bergh acknowledged possession of some of the stolen articles, was sentenced, and imprisoned on Robben Island and later at the Castle. The Chamber of Seventeen eventually gave him the choice of going to Ceylon with his previous rank or remaining at the Cape as a Free Burgher. Bergh opted for Ceylon, but his wife chose to remain at the Cape.[4]
In Ceylon he must have rendered good service as he was promoted to captain. He returned to the Cape in 1695 with that rank and was appointed as commander of the Cape garrison. He retired in about 1701 as a wealthy man, owning land on the Moolenweg, a farm in the Tijgerberg area, the farm De Kuijlen (Kuils River) and the adjoining farm Saxenburg. With Johannes Phijffer he also owned the farm Vondeling near Paarl Diamant.[4]

Bergh, Olof (Oloff, Olaf)[5]
(*Gothenburg, Swed., 1643 - †Cape Town, 1724), V.O.C. official and leader of expeditions to the interior, came of a notable Swedish family, but nothing is known of the line of his descent or of his youth in Sweden. He married Anna de Koning, the daughter of Angela van Bengalen, at the Cape. Ten children were born of the marriage and B. became the first South African ancestor of one of the best known Afrikander families. One of his sons, Marthinus Bergh,* became landdrost of Stellenbosch, while several other descendants, such as Olof Marthinus Bergh,* Marthinus Adrianus Bergh,* and Egbertus Bergh,* filled important roles in the public life of the Cape.[5]
B. joined the service of the Company in 1665, and, after serving in Ceylon for a few years, came to the Cape as a sergeant in 1676. His diligence soon attracted the notice of the commander, Simon van der Stel,* and, on 6.2.1679, he was sent on the first of his many missions, to bring back three deserters to the Castle from the Olifants river. In 1681 he was promoted to ensign and in the same year he succeeded in bartering 1,250 head of cattle from the Hottentots beyond the Hottentots Holland mountains. The following year he was sent to salvage the cargo of the English ship, Joanna, which had foundered near the present Gansbaai. For this work he was paid a hundred rix-dollars.[5]
B. contributed a great deal to the exploration and opening-up of the barren, inhospitable north-west. In 1682, on instructions from Van der Stel, he went to look for the source of the copper ore that the Namaquas had brought to the Castle. Accompanied by a crew of thirty men he left for the north on 30 October.[5]
The party travelled north past Groenkloof until they reached the Berg river. They swung east from there, and then north until they reached the Olifants river on 10 November. North of this river they had great difficulty in finding sufficient water and grazing for their animals. The situation became more and more desperate, and, on 15 November, B. decided to spend a few days at Meerhoffs Kasteel, west of the present Nuwerus, from where he could send messages to the Namaquas to come and exchange cattle. As the Hottentots had not arrived after a week, the party trekked further north until they came to the Groen river, where there was more water and better pasturage, B. was fortunate enough to barter a few cattle there. Because of the drought the party was forced to start the return journey on28 November. They followed almost the same route on their way back and reached the Castle on 19 December.[5]
On 27.8.1683 B. once again led an expedition of forty-one whites and ten Hottentots in search of the Copper mountains in the north-west. This time their route lay past Klipheuwel and Riebeek-Kasteel to the Berg river. From the Piketberg they followed the same route the previous party had taken to Klein Tafelberg, where once again they suffered from a scarcity of water and pasturage. Once they had crossed the Olifants river, the situation worsened steadily. Nevertheless B. pressed on past Baviaansberg and Meerhoffs Kasteel. As on the previous journey, B.'s expedition faltered before a dry and inhospitable region with impassable mountains, and when, on 1st October, the party began its return journey, it had progressed only one day's journey beyond the point reached by B.'s expedition the previous year. The party returned to the Castle on 24 October. Although B. had not succeeded in discovering the Copper mountains, his attempts prompted Van der Stel to lead an expedition of his own to the north-west in 1685.[5]
Van der Stel still had a high opinion of B.'s ability and zeal; he was made a member of the council of policy in 1685 and promoted to lieutenant the following year. Having reached this peak in his career, B. suddenly fell from grace upon committing a serious crime.[5]
In 1686 the Portuguese ship Nossa Senhora de los Milagros ran aground near Cape Agulhas, and, when the Company bought the wreck from the officers, B. was sent to salvage the cargo. On 10.4.1687 he appeared before the council of justice on a charge of beach theft.[5]
After certain items from the ship had been found in his garden, he confessed that he had taken them and buried them there. He was imprisoned on Robben Island, and then in the Castle, while the case was referred to the Seventeen. In 1690 the Seventeen presented him with a choice: either he retained his rank and went to Ceylon or he remained at the Cape as a free burgher. He chose to go to Ceylon, and, shortly afterwards, left for the island with one of his sons.[5]
Nothing is known of his stay in Ceylon, but his work appears to have been satisfactory, for he was promoted to a captaincy. In 1695 he returned to the Cape bearing testimonials indicating his good work and behaviour in Ceylon. He became captain of the garrison, and took his place on the council of policy and the council of justice. Other commissions soon followed. In 1699 he went on his last expedition when he was sent to barter for cattle with Hottentots in the Riviersonderend area. In 1710 he sat on a commission to investigate methods of securing Table bay against enemy invasion. In 1715 he left the public service on half-pay.[5]
Materially B. was successful and, when he retired from the Company's service, he was a wealthy man. As a high official, he enjoyed certain privileges during Wilhem Adriaen van der Stel's* administration. In 1701 he gained possession of De Kuijlen (Kuils river) and the adjacent farm, Saxenburg, at a very reasonable price. On his retirement he was able to buy the farm Constantia (464 acres) from Simon van der Stel's estate.[5]
The only known portrait is in Mossop (infra).
G.C. de W.[6][5]

Contents

Biography

Birth

Date: 1643
Place: Gothenburg, Sweden[7][8]
Date: 1640
Place: Gothenburg, Sweden[9][5]
Date: 1650
Place: Gothenburg, Sweden[10][11]

Occupation

Occupation: Soldier / farmer / boer[12][8]

Events

Date: 08 JUN 1682
Place: Send out to salvage the British East India ship Johanna, recovering coins to the value of 28, 302 gulden[4]
Date: 1687
Place: Was detained on Robben Island.[4]
Place: was a leading figure on the Cape, member of Political Council, and a close friend of governor WA van der Stel[4]
Date: 1702
Place: Freeburgher Christoffel Armbrecht agreed to purchase a slave for Bergh in exchange for another slave belonging to Bergh whom he wanted to marry. He already had a child with her and was raising the child as his own.[4]
Date: 1700
Event: sold the slave Arend van Bengale to his mother-in-law for 70 Rds.[4]
Date: 13 NOV 1716
Event: Olof bought the farm Constantia after owner Simon van der Stel died.[4]
Date: 1684
Event: had four male slaves, a female slave and two slave children. Anthonie van Angola bought the slave Sijmen Ham for 85 Rds from Bergh.[4]
Date: 13 NOV 1716
Event: Olof bequeathed Constantia to his wife Anna de Koningh, herself a daughter of a freed slave[4]
Event: Olof Bergh has a brandy named after him and the Constantia wines are world renowned.[4]

Death

Date: 1724
Place: Cape Town, South Africa[13][11]
Date: 1724[14][5]
Date: 1724[15][8]

Objects

Type: jpg : OLAF BERGH : C:\Documents and Settings\Adri Winckler\My Documents\MyHeritage\Vermaak Family Site\Photos\P1939_57_80.jpg (Photo was added as Smart Match from family tree 'Hürlimann Web Site \ Hürlimann Family Tree' by: Jean Paul Hürlimann) MH:P500271[5]
Type: jpg : OLAF BERGH : C:\Documents and Settings\Adri Winckler\My Documents\MyHeritage\Vermaak Family Site\Photos\P1940_46_61.jpg : MH:P500281[5]

Sources



  • WikiTree profile Bergh-732 through the import of Pretorius Family Tree 1.ged on Aug 10, 2013 by Willem Pretorius. User ID: 51FCF1F7C9BA37EC000265A791E5D137 : Record ID Number: MH:I790 : UPD 03 AUG 2013 14:05:11 GMT+2
  • Source: S67 Record ID Number: MH:S51 User ID: 51B46BBF93C2D1BDB00265A791E5D14F Author: Reg Neville Title: reg Web Site Text: MyHeritage.com family tree CONT Family site: reg Web Site CONT Family tree: export-Forest Media: 281111-4 Type: Smart Matching Record ID Number: MH:SC1350 Page: Olof Bergh Event: Smart Matching Role: 4004078 Data: Date: 7 AUG 2013 Text: Added by confirming a Smart Match Quality or Certainty of Data: 3

  • WikiTree profile Bergh-709 through the import of Vermaak Family Site - 05 May 2013.GED on May 5, 2013 by Dina Vermaak. Record ID Number: MH:SC4605 ID: DA54686A-9AEC-4A5F-AE1A-096FE578ACFE : ID Number: MH:I1239 : 26 APR 2013 23:44:15 GMT+2
  • Source: S103 Record ID Number: MH:S103 User ID: B5E11963-3215-4478-B309-AC27497D22A2 Author: Richard Faure-field Title: faure-field Web Site Text: MyHeritage.com family tree CONT Family site: faure-field Web Site CONT Family tree: faure gedcom Media: 7513722-1 Type: Smart Matching Record ID Number: MH:SC863 Page: Olof Bergh Event: Smart Matching Role: 1004162 Data: Date: 11 JAN 2009 Text: Added by confirming a Smart Match Quality or Certainty of Data: 3

  • WikiTree profile Bergh-602 created through the import of Haye-1_2011-08-17.ged on Aug 17, 2011 by Jesse Haye.
  • Source: S00376 Title: Lds batch 5026140 source 1553832 sheet 3 NOTELds batch 5026140 source 1553832 sheet 3.

  • WikiTree profile Bergh-637 created through the import of Ancestors_DippenaarAndre_noinfo.GED on Oct 23, 2012 by Andrew Dippenaar. User ID: FCE2ADCA-2B65-4BB5-BEDC-CD6889E84183 : Record ID Number: MH:I833 : UPD 16 NOV 2011 21:44:09 GMT+2

Additional sources

VOC Sea-Voyagers[1]

The Dutch East India Company's shipping between the Netherlands and Asia 1595-1795[1]

VOC Knowledge[1]

Biographical Directory of the Netherland[1]

Bergh family on facebook[1]

Sweden in South Africa[1]

the trip to Namaqualand:[1]

Life in the Cape:[1]

Cape Archives:[1]

The First Fifty Years Project[1]

Chronicles of Cape commanders:[1]

Bergh, Oloff. 1683. Journael van de landtocht bij d'E. Vaenrich Oloff Bergh, Sargianten Christoffel Henningh [...] gehouden bij de stuyrluyden Reynier Damie en Rosierich Hermansz in den jare 1682. Manuscript. Den Haag: Hollandsche Reichsarchiv. Bergh seems to be the first one ever to use the word "bosjesmans" (Barnard 1992:9).[1]

Bergh, Oloff. 1683/1931. Journael van de landtocht bij d'E. Vaenrich Oloff Bergh, Sargianten Christoffel Henningh [...] gehouden bij de stuyrluyden Reynier Damie en Rosierich Hermansz in den jare 1682 [with translation by E. E. Mossop]. In: The journals of the expeditions of the honorable ensign Olof Bergh (1682 and 1983) and the ensign Isaq Schrijver (1689), pp 1-191. Ed(s): E. E. Mossop. Publications from the Van Riebeeck Society, no 12. Cape Town: Van Riebeek Society.[1]

MOSSOP, E.E., Journals of the expeditions of Olof Bergh 1682-1683[1]

Mossop, E. E. Ed(s). 1931. The journals of the expeditions of the honorable ensign Olof Bergh (1682 and 1983) and the ensign Isaq Schrijver (1689). Translated by E. E. Mossop. Publications from the Van Riebeeck Society, no 12. Cape Town: Van Riebeek Society. Pp 260. Early descriptions of the Cape area.[1]

Schrijver, Isaq. 1689/1931. [...]. In: The journals of the expeditions of the honorable ensign Olof Bergh (1682 and 1983) and the ensign Isaq Schrijver (1689), pp 193-259. Ed(s): E. E. Mossop. Publications from the Van Riebeeck Society, no 12. Cape Town: Van Riebeek Society[1]

Jessehaye.com: Olof Bergh was born to a cadet branch of a Swedish noble house in 1643 in Goteborg, Sweden.[1]

Old Cape Colony; a chronicle of her men and houses from 1652-1806[1]

Owners of Groot Constantia[1]

A vineyard is born[1]

Footnotes

  1. 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 1.11 1.12 1.13 1.14 1.15 1.16 1.17 1.18 1.19 1.20 1.21 1.22 1.23 1.24 1.25 1.26 1.27 1.28 1.29 1.30 1.31 1.32 1.33 1.34 1.35 1.36 1.37 1.38 1.39 1.40 1.41 1.42 1.43 1.44 1.45 1.46 1.47 1.48 1.49 1.50 1.51 1.52 1.53 1.54 1.55 1.56 1.57 1.58 1.59 1.60 1.61 1.62 1.63 1.64 1.65 1.66 1.67 1.68 1.69 1.70 1.71 1.72 1.73 1.74 1.75 1.76 1.77 1.78 1.79 1.80 1.81 1.82 1.83 1.84 1.85 Anton Bergh May 16, 2014.
  2. As yet we have no marriage record
  3. by M.L. Wilson, South African Museum. Photographs by W.J. van Rijssen, South African Museum. Sagittarius Volume 4, Number 3
  4. 4.00 4.01 4.02 4.03 4.04 4.05 4.06 4.07 4.08 4.09 4.10 4.11 4.12 4.13 4.14 4.15 4.16 4.17 Aug 17, 2011 Jesse Haye.
  5. 5.00 5.01 5.02 5.03 5.04 5.05 5.06 5.07 5.08 5.09 5.10 5.11 5.12 5.13 5.14 5.15 May 5, 2013 Dina Vermaak.
  6. ID Number: MH:N407 : MH:I1239
  7. User ID: DBF7C9D0-5041-43CA-A948-DF3320D4235C : Record ID Number: MH:IF26635
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 Oct 23, 2012 Andrew Dippenaar.
  9. ID: A4238F9E-9ACE-48D7-90B8-9238CDC137CB : ID Number: MH:IF10415
  10. User ID: 51FCF1F7C9B517EBE00265A791E5D137 : Record ID Number: MH:IF1958
  11. 11.0 11.1 Aug 10, 2013 Willem Pretorius.
  12. User ID: 97950E66-B5DC-4D2A-B758-F04B4F48E9C3 : record ID Number: MH:IF26710
  13. User ID: 51FCF1F7C9B787EBF00265A791E5D137 : Record ID Number: MH:IF1959
  14. ID: 1A00DADE-E76C-4CD6-8946-5E73C3FA2EA1 : ID Number: MH:IF6700
  15. User ID: 7E9E42BA-78B0-47E0-BE81-82161B8E2B27 : Record ID Number: MH:IF26636

Acknowledgments

Thank you to Dina Vermaak, Willem Pretorius, Jesse Haye, Anton Bergh, Andrew Dippenaar, Marie-Louise Bergh and Willem Pretorius for contributing to this profile.







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Bergh crest
Bergh crest

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Olof Martinus Bergh Image 1
Olof Martinus Bergh Image 1

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Olof Bergh Copy
Olof Bergh Copy

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Captain Olof Bergh's bronze saluting cannon
Captain Olof Bergh's bronze saluting cannon

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Captain Olof Bergh's bronze saluting cannon
Captain Olof Bergh's bronze saluting cannon

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Collaboration

On May 17, 2014 Anton Bergh wrote:

Hi Philip, That would be great. I agree this page for Olof Bergh has been a dumping ground for all sorts of information & links. And some of the links are now broken. Also bits & pieces have been added by others. I would like it to continue to be a site where people feel free to exchange information & ideas. So go ahead & do a revision of the current data & presentation & eliminate the duplication.


On May 17, 2014 Philip van der Walt wrote:

Ek het die biografie provisories georganiseer. Soms kom informasie (stukke teks) 2 keer voor. Om eventueel te sorg dat by redaksie die goeie naamverwysinge genoem word, het ek na ongveer elke paragraaf die persoon (bron) vermeld. Sommige links werk ook nie meer nie (trou-sertifikaat met Anna de Coningh (ek weet wel dat hulle in die kasteel getrou het). Die bronne moet êrens te vind wees. Ek stel voor om 'n Engelse deel en 'n Afrikaanse deel te maak, met al die bronne onderaan. Wat vind jy?


On May 17, 2014 Philip van der Walt wrote:

Wonderful! Great research Anton ... ! With respect to the other contributions as well as yours if you want I could organise the basic bio (GEDCOM'd metadata etc.) so that it would read easier ...




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