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Maurice II Berkeley

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Maurice II "the Resolute" Berkeley aka Lord of Berkeley
Born in Berkeley Castle, Thornbury, Gloucestershire, Englandmap
Husband of — married [date unknown] [location unknown]
Husband of — married [location unknown]
Died in Berkeley Castle, Berkeley, Gloucestershire, Englandmap
Last profile change on 17 December 2014
17:36: Anonymous Pierpont edited the Biography for Maurice II Berkeley. (Add source. Cleaning up formatting.) [Thank Anonymous for this]
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Contents

Biography

Name

Maurice "the Resolute" Berkeley Lord of Berkele
Maurice de Berkeley[1][2][3]
Name Prefix: Sir[4]
Maurice Ii "The Resolute" /BERKELEY/[5][6][7][8][9]

Title

Lord Berkeley

Birth

1218 Berkeley, Gloucestershire, England[10][11]
04 APR 1218 Berkeley Castle, Thornbury, Gloucestershire, England[12][13][14][15][16]

Death

04 APR 1281 Berkeley Castle, Berkeley, Gloucestershire, England[17][18][19]
04 APR 1281 BerkeleyCastle, Gloucestershire, England[20][21][22][23][24]

Burial

St Augustines, Bristo;l
St Augustine'S
APR 1281 Buried in St Augustine's Abbey in Bristol.[25][26]

Ancestral File Number

8489-TW

Occupation

8th Baron of Barkeley

Notes

Maurice II. Fifth Lord. 1243 to 1281.
In 1256, King Henry III, having been the guest of his son Prince Edward at Bristol was, on his return royally entertained by Maurice lord Berkeley for three days at the Castle.
Maurice lord Berkeley was in arms with his proportion of followers of the King's summons on no less than sixteen different occasions, against the French, Scots, Welsh, and rebels at home. He however found time to attend to his own concerns, and effected many great improvements on his estates by means of inclosures and exchanges. He converted Whitcliff Wood into a Park and inclosed it. He also made fishponds, and beautified the east, west, and south sides of the castle with walks and gardens. He died in 1281, and was buried with his predecessors in St. Augustine's. His eldest son Maurice having been accidentally killed at a Tournament at Kenilworth, he was succeeded by Thomas his second son.
Berkley Castle History
History of Berkeley Castle, Gloucestershire
by John Timbs
B E R K E L E Y
C A S T L E
Where King Edward II was Murdered
On the south-east side of the town of Berkeley, in Gloucestershire, stands this perfect specimen of Norman castrametation, noted in history as the scene of the murder of one of our Kings, under circumstances of great atrocity.
It is in complete repair and not ruinous in any part. It is not ascertained at what date this building was commenced, but about the year 1150, it was granted by Henry II to Robert FitzHardinge, Governor of Bristol (who was descended from the Kings of Demnark), with power to strengthen and enlarge it. Maurice, the son of Robert, was the first of the FitzHardinges that dwelt at Berkeley, of which place he assumed the name, and fortified the Castle, which is placed on an eminence close to the town and commands an extensive view of the Severn and the neighbouring country.
The fortress is an irregular pile, consisting of a keep and various embattled buildings, which surround a court, about 140 yards in circumference. The chief ornament of this court is the exterior of the baronial hall, which is a noble room in excellent preservation ; adjoining it is the chapel. The apartments are very numerous but, except where modem windows have been substituted, they are mostly of a gloomy character. In one of them are the ebony bedstead and chairs used by Sir Francis Drake in his voyage round the world.
The entrance to the outer court is under a machicolated gatehouse, which is all that remains of the buildings that are said to have formerly surrounded the outer court. The keep is nearly circular, having one square tower and three semicircular ones. That on the north, which is the highest part of the Castle, was rebuilt in the reign of Edward II and is called 'Thorpe's Tower': a family of that name holding their manor by the tenure of Castle Guard, it being their duty to guard this tower when required.
In another of the towers of the keep is a dungeon chamber, twenty-eight feet deep, without light or an aperture of any kind, except at the top. In shape it resembles the letter D and the entrance to it is through a trap-door in the floor of the room over it; but, from being in the keep, which is high above the natural ground, this gloomy abode is quite free from damp.
The Roman method of filling the inner part or medium of the walls with fluid mortar, occurs in the keep of this Castle. The great staircase leading to the keep is composed of large stones and, on the right of it approached by a kind of gallery, is the room in which, from its great strength, and its isolated situation, there is every reason to suppose that Edward II was murdered, on the 21st September 1327.
It is a small and gloomy apartment, and till within the last century was only lighted by fleches. It is stated, by Holinshed, that the shrieks of the King were heard in the town of Berkeley; but from the situation of the Castle, and the great thickness of its walls, that is impossible. After his decease his heart was enclosed in a silver vessel and the Berkeley family formed part of the procession which attended the body to Gloucester, where it was interred in the Cathedral.
The then Lord Berkeley was acquitted of any active participation in the measures which caused the death of the King; but shortly afterwards he entertained Queen Isabella and her paramour, Mortimer, at the Castle. This Lord Berkeley kept twelve knights to wait upon his person, each of whom was attended by two servants and a page. He had twenty-four esquires, each having an under-servant and a horse. His entire family consisted of about 300 persons, besides husbandmen, who fed at his board.
In this Castle, Royal visitors have been several times entertained. After its having been a place of rendezvous for the rebellious Barons, in the reign of John, that King visited it in the last year of his reign. Henry III was there twice. The other Royal visitors have been Margaret, Queen of Henry VI; Henry VII; Queen Elizabeth, whose name one of the rooms still bears; George IV, when Prince of Wales; and William IV, when Duke of Clarence.
In the reign of Henry V, a lawsuit was commenced between Lord Berkeley and his cousin, the heiress of the family, which was continued 192 years. During which contest the plaintiff's party several times laid siege to the Castle. In the Civil Wars of Charles I the Castle was garrisoned on the side of the King and kept all the surrounding country in awe. It was afterwards besieged, however, by the army of the Commonwealth and surrendered after a defence of nine days. In the west door of the church are several bullet-holes which are supposed to have been made by the besieging army. On the north of the Castle is a very perfect portion of the ancient fosse, which is now quite dry, and some very fine elms and other trees are growing in it. A terrace goes nearly round the Castle and, to the west of it, is a large bowling-green, bounded by a line of very old yew-trees which have grown together into a continuous mass and are cut into grotesque shapes.
In a Topographical Excursion, in 1624, Berkeley Castle is described as strong, old, spacious and habitable, with a fair park adjoining. Before the tourists entered the inner court, they passed through three large, strong gates with portcullises. "Here," say they, "was the dismal place where that unfortunate Prince, whom we left interred at the last visited Cathedral, was most barbarously and cruelly deprived of his life." The King, during his captivity here, composed a dolorous poem from which the following is an extract:
"Most blessed Jesu,
Root of all virtue,
Grant I may the sue,
In all humility.
Send thou for our good,
Lest to shed thy blood,
And stretch the upon the rood,
For our iniquity.
I the beseech,<
Most wholesome lech,
That thou wilt such,
For me such grace,
That when my body vile,
My soul shall exile,
Thou bring in short while,
It in rest and peace."
When Horace Walpole, in 1774, visited Gloucester Cathedral, on seeing the monument of Edward II, a new historic doubt started. "His Majesty has a longish beard and such were certainly worn at that time. Who is the first historian that tells the story of his being shaven, with cold water from a ditch, and weeping to supply warm, as he was carried to Berkeley Castle? Is not this apocryphal?" [The incident is narrated by Rapin.]
Sir Richard Baker, in his Chronicle, thus tells the story in his odd, circumstantial manner: "When Edward II was taken, by order of his Queen, and carried to Berkeley Castle, to the end that he should not be known, they shaved his head and beard and that in a most beastly manner. For they took him from his horse and set him upon a hillock, and then taking puddle-water out of a ditch thereby, they went to wash him, his barber telling him that cold water must serve for this time. Whereat the miserable King looking sternly upon him, said that whether they would or no, he would have warm water to wash him and therewithal, to make good his word, he presently shed forth a shower of tears. Never was King turned out of a kingdom in such a manner."
In the neighbourhood, Walpole found, in a wretched cottage, a child in an ancient oaken cradle exactly in the form of that of Edward II. Walpole purchased it for five shillings but doubted whether he should have fortitude enough to transport it to Strawberry Hill. He was much disappointed with Berkeley Castle, though very entire, he notes: "The room shown for the murder of Edward II and the shrieks of an agonising king, I verily believe to be genuine. It is a dismal chamber, almost at the top of the house, quite detached, and to be approached only by a kind of footbridge, and from that descends a large flight of steps that terminates on strong gates: exactly a situation for a corps de garde. In that room they show you a cast of a face, in plaster, and tell you it was taken from Edward's. I was not quite so easy of faith about that, for it is evidently the face of Charles I"
Gray, in his Pindaric Ode - The Bard, - has this memorable passage:
"Weave the warp, and weave the woof,
The winding-sheet of Edward's race;
Give ample room and verge enough,
The characters of hell to trace.
Mark the year, and mark the night,
When Severn shall re-echo with affright
The shrieks of death through Berkeley's roof that ring,
Shrieks of an agonising king."
Edited from John Timbs' Abbeys, Castles and Ancient Halls of England and Wales (1870)
Pedigree-King John to Berkeley Family to Cliffords
Henry Clifford, Knt., K.B. 10th Lord Clifford, Married Anne Saint John (desc. Geoffrey Plantagenet)
John Clifford, Knt., 9th Lord Clifford, married Margaret Bromflete (desc. King John)
Thomas Clifford, 8th Lord Clifford, married Joan D'Acre (desc. King Edward I)
John Clifford, K.G., 7th Lord Clifford, married Elizabeth Percy (desc. King Edward III)
Thomas De Clifford, Knt., 6th Lord Clifford, married Elizabeth De Roos (desc. King Edward I)
Roger De Clifford, Knt., 5th Lord Clifford, married Maud De Beauchamp (desc. King Henry II)
Isabel Berkeley, married Robert De Clifford, Knt., 3rd Lord Clifford
Maurice De Berkeley, Knt., 2nd Lord Clifford, married Eve La Zouche
Thomas De Berkeley, Knt., 1st Lord Clifford, married Joan Ferrers
Isabel De Dover, married Maurice De Berkeley, Knt., Berkeley, Glouchestershire
Richard Fitz Roy, Knight of Chillham, Kent, married Rose of Dover
King John of England, mistress ______ Warenne
Sir Maurice de Berkeley
Sir Maurice de Berkeley "the Resolute" (1218 - 4 April 1281), 8th (feudal) Baron de Berkeley, was an English soldier and rebel, residing at Berkeley Castle in the English county of Gloucestershire.
Maurice was born in 1218 to Thomas de Berkeley and Joan de Somery. He married Isabel de Croun FitzRoy, the daughter of Richard FitzRoy, Baron of Chilham (an illegitimate son of King John of England) and Rose de Douvres, sometime before 12 July 1247.
Berkeley fought in the French Wars and was invested as a knight before 1242. He inherited the title of Baron de Berkeley in 1243 and, on 14 December 1243, he had livery of his father's lands. He fought in the war in North Wales and in 1264 he joined the Barons against King Henry III. Berkeley died on 4 April 1281 and was buried in St Augustine's Abbey in Bristol.
Wikipedia
Sir Maurice de Berkeley "the Resolute" (1218 - 4 April 1281), 8th (feudal) Baron de Berkeley, was an English soldier and rebel, residing at Berkeley Castle in the English county of Gloucestershire.
Maurice was born in 1218 to Thomas de Berkeley and Joan de Somery. He married Isabel de Croun FitzRoy, the daughter of Richard FitzRoy, Baron of Chilham (an illegitimate son of King John of England) and Rose de Douvres, sometime before 12 July 1247.
Berkeley fought in the French Wars and was invested as a knight before 1242. He inherited the title of Baron de Berkeley in 1243 and, on 14 December 1243, he had livery of his father's lands. He fought in the war in North Wales and in 1264 he joined the Barons against King Henry III. Berkeley died on 4 April 1281 and was buried in St Augustine's Abbey in Bristol.
Life Info
Sir Maurice de Berkeley also went by the nick-name of Maurice 'the Resolute'.1 He fought in the French Wars.1 He was invested as a Knight before 1242.1 He gained the title of Lord de Berkeley [feudal baron] in 1243.1 On 14 December 1243 he had livery of his father's lands.1 He fought in the war in North Wales.1 In 1264 he joined the Barons against King Henry III.1
Bio
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Sir Maurice de Berkeley "The Resolute" (1218 - 4 April 1281), 8th (feudal) Baron de Berkeley, was an English soldier and rebel, residing at Berkeley Castle in the English county of Gloucestershire.
Maurice was born in 1218 to Thomas de Berkeley and Joan de Somery. He married Isabel de Croun FitzRoy, the daughter of Richard FitzRoy, Baron of Chilham (an illegitimate son of King John of England) and Rose de Douvres, sometime before 12 July 1247.
Berkeley fought in the French Wars and was invested as a knight before 1242. He inherited the title of Baron de Berkeley in 1243 and, on 14 December 1243, he had livery of his father's lands. He fought in the war in North Wales and in 1264 he joined the Barons against King Henry III. Berkeley died on 4 April 1281 and was buried in St Augustine's Abbey in Bristol.
Sir Maurice de Berkeley
Sir Maurice de Berkeley "the Resolute" (1218 - 4 April 1281), 8th (feudal) Baron de Berkeley, was an English soldier and rebel, residing at Berkeley Castle in the English county of Gloucestershire.
Maurice was born in 1218 to Thomas de Berkeley and Joan de Somery. He married Isabel de Croun FitzRoy, the daughter of Richard FitzRoy, Baron of Chilham (an illegitimate son of King John of England) and Rose de Douvres, sometime before 12 July 1247.
Berkeley fought in the French Wars and was invested as a knight before 1242. He inherited the title of Baron de Berkeley in 1243 and, on 14 December 1243, he had livery of his father's lands. He fought in the war in North Wales and in 1264 he joined the Barons against King Henry III. Berkeley died on 4 April 1281 and was buried in St Augustine's Abbey in Bristol.

Sources

Footnotes

  1. #S6: Record for Thomas De Berkeley
  2. #S6: Record for Maurice De Berkeley
  3. #S10073
  4. #S994
  5. #S1: Record for Sir Thomas II "The Wise" 1st Baron Berkeley
  6. #S1: Record for Lord Maurice II The Resolute Berkeley
  7. #S1: Record for MAURICE The Resolute BERKELEY
  8. #S1: Record for Maurice II "The Resolute" Berkeley
  9. #S1: Record for MAURICE, The Resolute, BERKELEY
  10. #S6: Record for Thomas De Berkeley
  11. #S6: Record for Maurice De Berkeley
  12. #S1: Record for Sir Thomas II "The Wise" 1st Baron Berkeley
  13. #S1: Record for Lord Maurice II The Resolute Berkeley
  14. #S1: Record for MAURICE The Resolute BERKELEY
  15. #S1: Record for Maurice II "The Resolute" Berkeley
  16. #S1: Record for MAURICE, The Resolute, BERKELEY
  17. #S6: Record for Maurice De Berkeley
  18. #S6: Record for Thomas De Berkeley
  19. #S6: Record for Maurice De Berkeley
  20. #S1: Record for Sir Thomas II "The Wise" 1st Baron Berkeley
  21. #S1: Record for Lord Maurice II The Resolute Berkeley
  22. #S1: Record for MAURICE The Resolute BERKELEY
  23. #S1: Record for Maurice II "The Resolute" Berkeley
  24. #S1: Record for MAURICE, The Resolute, BERKELEY
  25. #S1: Record for Sir Thomas II "The Wise" 1st Baron Berkeley
  26. #S1: Record for Maurice II "The Resolute" Berkeley

Profile History

  • This person was created on 19 October 2010 through the import of Ancestors of Lois Greene.ged.
  • This person was created through the import of Consolidated Coningsby.GED on 11 March 2011.
  • This person was created through the import of Bishop Family Tree.ged on 18 February 2011.
  • This person was created through the import of Bwiki.ged on 03 April 2011.
  • This person was created through the import of Acrossthepond.ged on 21 February 2011.
  • WikiTree profile De Berkeley-159 created through the import of SRW 7th July 2011.ged on Jul 7, 2011 by Stephen Wilkinson. See the Berkeley-159 Changes page for the details of edits by Stephen and others.
  • This person was created on 16 November 2010 through the import of Morton Family Tree.ged.
  • WikiTree profile Berkeley-315 created through the import of Ancestor's that we lost, the Decendants they left behind_2011-08-28_01 (2).ged on Sep 12, 2011 by Willette Bryant. See the Changes page for the details of edits by Willette and others.
  • WikiTree profile De Berkeley-129 created through the import of Steele Family Tree.ged on Jun 7, 2011 by Jeff Steele. See the Berkeley-129 Changes page for the details of edits by Jeff and others.







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On November 10, 2013 at 17:37GMT Gordon Stewart wrote:

Buried in Bristol Cathedral