Hugh  (Bigod) le Bigod III

Hugh (Bigod) le Bigod III (abt. 1185 - 1225)

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Sir Hugh "5th Earl of Norfolk" le Bigod III formerly Bigod
Born about in Suffolk, Englandmap
Husband of — married about (to about ) [location unknown]
Died in Thetford, Norfolk, Englandmap
This page has been accessed 4,922 times.

Categories: House of Bigod | Surety Barons | Bigod-2 Descendants.

Magna Carta Surety Baron
Hugh le Bigod was one of the twenty-five medieval barons who were surety for Magna Carta in 1215.



Name, Titles, Lands

Hugh le Bigod

5th Earl of Norfolk
hereditary Steward of the Household
hereditary Warden of Romford Forest
son and heir. [1]

Birth and Parentage

"Hugh Bigod, 3rd Earl of Norfolk, the eldest son, was born before 1195. He was the hereditary steward of the king's household, and hereditary bearer of the Barons of St. Edmund. Not many particulars of this Baron's life have been preserved, as he enjoyed for only a few years the title of Earl of Norfolk and Suffolk, and his father's estates and honors, to which he had succeeded in the 5th year of King Henry III. [2]


He married probably before Lent 1207 Maud Marshal. [1]

He married Maud Marshal, eldest daughter of William Marshal, 3rd Earl of Pembroke, and his wife, Isabel Clare, daughter of Richard de Clare, the Strongbow, 2nd Earl of Pembroke, and his wife, Eva, daughter of Dermot MacMurcha, King of Leinster, Ireland. She was also the sister of the Surety William Marshal & she married (2) William, Earl of Warren/Warrenne and Surrey" [3]

Magna Carta

In 1215, he and his father joined the confederacy of the barons against the king.[1]


He died in February 1224-25. [2]


Douglas Richardson shows four sons and one daughter:[1]

  1. Roger, Knt, 6th Earl of Norfolk
  2. Hugh, III, Knt
  3. Ralph, Knt
  4. William (possibly)
  5. Isabel married Fitzgeoffrey

Some sources show an additional son Simon. Richardson [4] has termed such a connection "quite doubtful" and that a descent of Simon from a different branch of the Bigod family is more likely.

No documentation has been found regarding John, another purported son.

Gateway Ancestors

Descendants of Magna Carta surety barons who immigrated to the Americas are referred to as Gateway Ancestors. Douglas Richardson documents the ancestry of many who immigrated before 1700 in his Magna Carta Ancestry (#Richardson). WikiTree's Magna Carta project exists "to categorize and improve profiles of the twenty-five medieval barons who were surety for Magna Carta; about two hundred proven American colonial Gateway Ancestors who were their descendants; and the documented lineages that connect them." Using Richardson as its primary source, the project has identified most Magna Carta Gateway Ancestors with profiles in WikiTree (collected in the category Gateway Ancestors).
For profiles of descendants and Gateway Ancestors of Sir Hugh le Bigod that have been improved and categorized by the Magna Carta project, see Bigod-1 Descendants (see this index for links to other surety barons and category pages for their descendants).


  • Royal Ancestry 2013 Vol. V p. 309
  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, 2013. Volume i, P. 364
  2. 2.0 2.1
  3. McBride2 citing Burke's p53, cited by Rootsweb.
  4. "Modern Bigod family sources...such as C. P. 10 (1945) 590, Paget, Baronage of England (1957) 65:1, and Morris, Bigod Earls of Norfolk in the 13th Century (2005) do not include a son, Simon, in the family of Earl Hugh le Bigod, earl of Norfolk. As such, the alleged connection to Earl Hugh le Bigod seems quite doubtful. Anstis has suggested, alternatively, that the Felbrigg family of Norfolk was probably descended from a cadet banch of Ralph le Bigod, the Domesday tenant [see Anstis, Reg of the Order of the Garter, 2 (1724): 169, which descent may well be more likely. Whatever the case, the matter deserves further study." Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry (2013), Volume II, pp. 552-553, footnote.

See also:

  • Magna Carta Ancestry 2011 2nd ed. Vol. I p. 200-202
  • Medieval Lands, database online, author Charles Cawley, (Foundation for Medieval Genealogy, 2006-2013), England, Earls of Norfolk, Link
  • Royal Ancestry D. Richardson 2013 Vol. I p. 364-366


This page has been edited according to Style Standards adopted by January 2014. Descriptions of imported gedcoms for this profile are under the Changes tab.

badges This person was a member of royalty, nobility or aristocracy in the British Isles. If you are interested in this profile, see our British Isles Royals and Aristocrats 742-1499 Project.

European Aristocrats Source
Our main source for medieval genealogy in the European Aristocrats Project is the FMG database MEDIEVAL LANDS: A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families by Charles Cawley,© Charles Cawley & Foundation for Medieval Genealogy, 2000-2015.

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Images: 2
Coat of arms of Hugh Bigod
Coat of arms of Hugh Bigod

Magna Carta template
Magna Carta template


On August 27, 2015 at 16:05GMT Darlene Athey Hill wrote:

Jack, I agree. I've detached Simon & added a note to his bio to not reattach him without a G2G discussion with sources. Thanks.

On August 27, 2015 at 08:09GMT Jack Day wrote:

Darlene, Richardson (Royal Ancestry, (2013) II, 552-553, footnote) addresses this issue and says the connection is "quite doubtful" and that Simon's connection to a cadet branch of the Bigod family is more likely. I've added the full quote as a footnote on this profile. I put the same quote under a "Disputed Parentage" heading on Simon's page. I recommend that Simon be de-linked, retaining the explanation and cross-links in the narratives. What do you think?

On August 21, 2015 at 00:54GMT Darlene Athey Hill wrote:

Jack, p. 8 of The Magna Charta Sureties, 1215: The Barons Named in the Magna Charta, 1215 ..., by Frederick Lewis Weis, Walter Lee Sheppard, William Ryland Beall names Simon as the third son of Hugh Bigod & Maud Marshal.

On August 20, 2015 at 23:43GMT Jack Day wrote:

Richardson reports five named children of Hugh le Bigod. It is important to the Magna Charta project that only documented descendents of Magna Carta sureties be shown. Two of those currently shown as children are not named. Does anyone have documentation that they are in fact children of Hugh?

On July 31, 2015 at 19:22GMT Katherine Patterson wrote:

Bigod-323 and Bigod-1 do not represent the same person because: wrong dates by 150 years!

Hugh is 23 degrees from Kevin Bacon, 26 degrees from Frank Russell Capra, 20 degrees from Mark Hamill, 25 degrees from AJ Jacobs and 20 degrees from Queen Elizabeth II of the Commonwealth Realms on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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