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Stephen I (Blois) of England

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Stephen (Stephen I) "Étienne, King of the English, Duc de Normandie" of England formerly Blois
Born about in Blois, Loir-et-Cher, Centre, Francemap
Husband of — married [date unknown] [location unknown]
Husband of — married in Westminster, London, , Englandmap
Died in St. Martin's Priory, Dover, Englandmap
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Categories: Second Crusade | House of Blois | First Battle of Lincoln | The Anarchy.

badges This person was a member of royalty, nobility or aristocracy in Europe. If you are interested in this profile, see our European Royals and Aristocrats 742-1499 Project.

Preceded by
Henry I
King of the English
22 Dec 1135 - 25 Oct 1154
Succeeded by
Henry II

Contents

Vitals

Stephen of Blois (c.1096 – 25 Oct 1154 Blois, Berri, FR)
King of the English
Styled: Re Aglorum Dux Normannorum
Count of Mortain
Count of Boulogne jure uxoris
Duke Normandie
Crusader

Timeline

c.1096: Born at Blois
before 1115: Count of Mortain
before 1125: m. Matilda, Comtesse de Boulogne dau. of Eustace III, Comte de Boulogne and Mary of Scots at Westminster.
Dec 1135: king of England and duke of Normandy.
26 Dec: Coronation Westminster Abbey.
1139: civil war broke out when Matilda invaded.
Apr 1141 Stephen captured at Battle of Lincoln
10 Apr 1141: Deposed
Nov 1141: Stephen exchanged Gloucester.
Nov 1141: Reinstalled. 2nd Coronation at Canterbury Cathedral.
1148 Matilda left England after Stephen regains power.
1153 Eustace dies. Henry II declared heir at Winchester.
25 Oct 1154:Faversham Abbey, Faversham, Kent, England.

Bio

Stephen was born circa 1092 at Blois in France. The last Norman King of England, his reign was marked by civil war with his rival the Empress Matilda and general chaos, known as The Anarchy. He was succeeded by Matilda's son, Henry II, the first Angevin or Plantagenet king.

Stephen's father was killed in 1102 at the Battle of Ramlah in Jerusalem (while on crusade). Stephen was sent to be raised at the English court of his uncle, King Henry I, in 1106. He became Count of Mortain in about 1115. At the same time, or shortly thereafter, he acquired other lands in England, including the honours of Eye and Lancaster, and after 1120 a part of the honour of Eudo Dapifer.

Stephen married Matilda, daughter and heir of Eustace III, the Count of Boulogne, in 1125. This marriage moved him to the center of Anglo-Norman political life. Their marriage was a happy one and his wife was an important supporter during the struggle for the English crown. They had five children that are recorded, three boys and two girls.

Stephen became joint ruler of Boulogne in 1128.

Early Life

Father: Étienne (VI), Count of Blois-Chartres

Mother: Adela of England, daughter of William the Conqueror and Matilda of Flanders.

Stephen had four sisters, including Eléonore of Blois. His surviving brothers were:

  • Count Thibaud (Theobald) II of Champagne
  • Henry of Blois (monk at Cluny)
  • Henry, Bishop of Winchester
  • Guillaume (William) of Sully.

Family

m. Matilda c.1125
Son: Eustace IV (d. Aug-1153)
Son: Baldwin (died young, before 1135)
Son: William of Blois (Count of Mortain and Boulogne, and Earl of Surrey or Warenne, died 1159)
Dau: Matilda (died c 1137-8)
Dau: Mary de Blois (Benedictine nun, abbess of Romsey, died 1182)

Illegitimate Children

son. Gervase, Abbot of Westminster
* Note: Stephen fathered at least three illegitimate children, including Gervase

Links

Wikipedia: Stephen of England

Footnotes









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DNA
No known carriers of Stephen I's Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA have taken yDNA or mtDNA tests.

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Collaboration

On December 2, 2010 at 17:49GMT Krissi Love wrote:

King of England.




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