|King of the English
22 Dec 1135 - 25 Oct 1154
- Stephen of Blois (c.1096 – 25 Oct 1154 Blois, Berri, FR)
- King of the English
- Styled: Re Aglorum Dux Normannorum
- Count of Mortain
- Count of Boulogne jure uxoris
- Duke Normandie
|c.1096:||Born at Blois|
|before 1115:||Count of Mortain|
|before 1125:||m. Matilda, Comtesse de Boulogne dau. of Eustace III, Comte de Boulogne and Mary of Scots at Westminster.|
|Dec 1135:|| king of England and duke of Normandy.|
26 Dec: Coronation Westminster Abbey.
|1139:||civil war broke out when Matilda invaded.|
|Apr 1141||Stephen captured at Battle of Lincoln|
|10 Apr 1141:||Deposed|
|Nov 1141:||Stephen exchanged Gloucester.|
|Nov 1141:||Reinstalled. 2nd Coronation at Canterbury Cathedral.|
|1148||Matilda left England after Stephen regains power.|
|1153||Eustace dies. Henry II declared heir at Winchester.|
|25 Oct 1154:||Faversham Abbey, Faversham, Kent, England.|
Stephen was born circa 1092 at Blois in France. The last Norman King of England, his reign was marked by civil war with his rival the Empress Matilda and general chaos, known as The Anarchy. He was succeeded by Matilda's son, Henry II, the first Angevin or Plantagenet king.
Stephen's father was killed in 1102 at the Battle of Ramlah in Jerusalem (while on crusade). Stephen was sent to be raised at the English court of his uncle, King Henry I, in 1106. He became Count of Mortain in about 1115. At the same time, or shortly thereafter, he acquired other lands in England, including the honours of Eye and Lancaster, and after 1120 a part of the honour of Eudo Dapifer.
Stephen married Matilda, daughter and heir of Eustace III, the Count of Boulogne, in 1125. This marriage moved him to the center of Anglo-Norman political life. Their marriage was a happy one and his wife was an important supporter during the struggle for the English crown. They had five children that are recorded, three boys and two girls.
Stephen became joint ruler of Boulogne in 1128.
Father: Étienne (VI), Count of Blois-Chartres
Mother: Adela of England, daughter of William the Conqueror and Matilda of Flanders.
Stephen had four sisters, including Eléonore of Blois. His surviving brothers were:
- Count Thibaud (Theobald) II of Champagne
- Henry of Blois (monk at Cluny)
- Henry, Bishop of Winchester
- Guillaume (William) of Sully.
- m. Matilda c.1125
- Son: Eustace IV (d. Aug-1153)
- Son: Baldwin (died young, before 1135)
- Son: William of Blois (Count of Mortain and Boulogne, and Earl of Surrey or Warenne, died 1159)
- Dau: Matilda (died c 1137-8)
- Dau: Mary de Blois (Benedictine nun, abbess of Romsey, died 1182)
- son. Gervase, Abbot of Westminster
- * Note: Stephen fathered at least three illegitimate children, including Gervase
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No known carriers of Stephen I's Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA have taken yDNA or mtDNA tests.
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On December 2, 2010 Krissi Love wrote: