Stephen of Blois (c.1096 – 25 Oct 1154 Blois, Berri, FR)
King of England
Styled: Re Aglorum Dux Normannorum
Count of Mortain
Count of Boulogne jure uxoris
Born at Blois
Count of Mortain
m. Matilda, Comtesse de Boulogne dau. of Eustace III, Comte de Boulogne and Mary of Scots at Westminster.
king of England and duke of Normandy. 26 Dec: Coronation Westminster Abbey.
civil war broke out when Matilda invaded.
Stephen captured at Battle of Lincoln
10 Apr 1141:
Stephen exchanged Gloucester.
Reinstalled. 2nd Coronation at Canterbury Cathedral.
Matilda left England after Stephen regains power.
Eustace dies. Henry II declared heir at Winchester.
25 Oct 1154:
Faversham Abbey, Faversham, Kent, England.
Stephen was born at Blois in France. The last Norman King of England, his reign was marked by civil war with his rival the Empress Matilda and general chaos, known as The Anarchy. He was succeeded by Matilda's son, Henry II, the first Angevin or Plantagenet king.
Stephen was sent to be raised at the English court of his uncle, King Henry I, in 1106. He became Count of Mortain in about 1115, and married Matilda, daughter of the Count of Boulogne, in about 1125, who became Countess of Boulogne. Their marriage was a happy one and his wife was an important supporter during the struggle for the English crown. Stephen became joint ruler of Boulogne in 1128.
Father: Stephen, Count of Blois
Mother: Adela of England dau. of William the Conqueror and Matilda of Flanders.
He had four sisters, including Eléonore of Blois. His surviving brothers were:
Count Theobald II of Champagne
Henry of Blois
Bishop of Winchester
William of Sully.
m. Matilda c.1125
Son: Eustace IV (d. Aug-1153)
Son: Baldwin (d. before 1135
Son: William of Blois (Count of Mortain and Boulogne, and Earl of Surrey or Warenne)
son. Gervase, Abbot of Westminster
* Note: Stephen fathered at least three illegitimate children, including Gervase