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Humphrey was the eldest son of Henry de Bohun, first earl of Hereford, and his wife, Matilda (or Maud), daughter of Geoffrey fitz Peter, earl of Essex. His father died in June 1220, and in June the following year, at the petition of King Alexander of Scotland and the barons of England, Humphrey was permitted to succeed to the family estates, concentrated for the most part in the Welsh marches and in Wiltshire, including the castle of Caldicot in Monmouthshire and a share of the honour of Trowbridge.
In February 1225 Humphrey witnessed the reissue of Magna Carta as earl of Hereford, and his title to the third penny of the county of Hereford was confirmed in October 1225, presumably at the same time that he was belted as earl.
He died on 24 September 1275 and was buried at Llanthony (Prima) Priory, in Monmouthshire. Shortly before his death, Humphrey had conveyed the honour of Pleshey to his younger son, Henry de Bohun. The remainder of his estate passed to his grandson, Humphrey (VI) de Bohun (d. 1298), son and heir of Humphrey the younger, who had died in captivity on 27 October 1265, at Beeston Castle, near Chester.
Humphrey was married twice. His first wife was Matilda, daughter of Raoul de Lusignan, count of Eu (d. 1219), whom he had married by 1238 and who brought her husband various lands in Kent. She died on 14 August 1241 and was buried at Llanthony. He married second Matilda of Avebury, who died on 8 October 1273 at Sorges in the Dordogne.
Humphrey had sons named Humphrey, Henry, John, and Savaric, and at least four daughters, including Matilda, the wife of Anselm Marshal, earl of Pembroke.
- Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
- Magna Carta Ancestry, by Douglas Richardson, publ. 2005
- Note NI2896!(1) Earl of Hereford and Lord High Constable of England
- (2) Ob. 1273, Inq. p.m. 1 Edw. I, No. 1
- (3) Pedigree in Visitation of Cornwall, Vivian ed., 1887, p.105
- (4) Humphrey de Bohun V: (b.1208, d.September 24, 1275, buried Llanthony,
- Gloucestershire). He married (#1.) Maud de Eu, daughter of Raoul de Exoudun I,
- Comte de Eu. He married #2. Maud de Avesbury, by whom he had a son John, Lord
- of Haresfield. He was called "the Good" and was the second Earl of Hereford
- and first Earl of Essex. He was also constable of England. After the death of
- his uncle, William de Mandeville, his mother's brother, in 1227, he was created
- Earl of Essex. In 1227 he joined Richard of Cornwall in his quarrel with the
- king. He served as Marshal of the household at the coronation of Queen Eleanor
- in 1236 and at the christening of Prince Edward in 1239 he was one of the
- sponsors. He was the sheriff of Kent from 1239 to 1241. He took part in
- Henry's French expedition of 1242, but retired with other nobles in disgust at
- the king's partiality to the foreigners. In 1244 he aided in repressing a
- Welsh rising on the marches/borders. In 1246 he joined in the letter of
- remonstrance from the English peers to Pope Innocent IV. He was present in the
- parliament of 1248 and two years later went on a crusade to the Holy Land. He
- defended Simon de Montfort in 1252. In 1257 he had custody of part of the
- Welsh marches and was in the Welsh war. He joined the barons who formed the
- confederation for redress of grievances in 1258, and he had a share in the
- settlement of the government under the Provisions of Oxford, being one of the
- original commissioners, and subsequently one of the council of fifteen. In
- 1260 he was an itinerant justice for the counties of Gloucester, Worcester, and
- Hereford. In 1623 he supported the king against Simon de Montfort while his
- son Humphrey VI supported Simon. He was taken prisoner in the battle of Lewes
- in 1264.--Adec,FHL 929.273,C769w
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No known carriers of Humphrey's Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA have taken yDNA or mtDNA tests.
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