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Humphrey (IV) de Bohun (1208 or bef. 1208 – 24 September 1275) was 2nd Earl of Hereford and 1st Earl of Essex, as well as Constable of England. He was the son of Henry de Bohun, 1st Earl of Hereford and Maud of Essex. 
- Humphrey de Bohun, Knt,
- 6th Earl of Hereford,
- 7th Earl of Essex
- Hereditary Constable of England
Birth and Parentage
Humphrey de Bohun V: (b.1208, d.September 24, 1275, buried Llanthony, Gloucestershire). 
Son and heir, born about 1200 (of age in 1221). 
Humphrey was the eldest son of Henry de Bohun, first earl of Hereford, and his wife, Matilda (or Maud), daughter of Geoffrey fitz Peter, earl of Essex. His father died in June 1220, and in June the following year, at the petition of King Alexander of Scotland and the barons of England, Humphrey was permitted to succeed to the family estates, concentrated for the most part in the Welsh marches and in Wiltshire, including the castle of Caldicot in Monmouthshire and a share of the honour of Trowbridge.
He was called "the Good" and was the second Earl of Hereford and first Earl of Essex. 
He was also constable of England. 
1225 Magna Carta Reissue
In February 1225 Humphrey witnessed the reissue of Magna Carta as earl of Hereford, and his title to the third penny of the county of Hereford was confirmed in October 1225, presumably at the same time that he was belted as earl. After the death of his uncle, William de Mandeville, his mother's brother, in 1227, he was created Earl of Essex. 
In 1227 he joined Richard of Cornwall in his quarrel with the king. 
Constable of the Exchequer, 1228,
He served as Marshal of the household at the coronation of Queen Eleanor in 1236 and at the christening of Prince Edward in 1239 he was one of the sponsors. 
1236 Marriage to Maud de Lusignan
Because Maud is an English form of the Norman name Matilda, and Lusignan a city in the County of Eu, she is known variously as Maud of Eu, Matilda de Lusignan, etc. She was born about 1210 and died 14 August 1241, with burial at Llanthony Abbey, Gloucester. 
He married (#1.) Maud de Eu, daughter of Raoul de Exoudun I, Comte de Eu. 
- He was one of the nine godfathers of Prince Edward, later to be Edward I of England. 
- He served as High Sheriff of Kent for 1239–1240.
He took part in Henry's French expedition of 1242, but retired with other nobles in disgust at the king's partiality to the foreigners. In 1244 he aided in repressing a Welsh rising on the marches/borders. 
In 1246 he joined in the letter of remonstrance from the English peers to Pope Innocent IV. 
He was present in the parliament of 1248 and two years later went on a crusade to the Holy Land. 
- Constable of Dover Castle and Warden of Cinque Ports, 1239-41
- Sheriff of Kent, 1239-41
- Warden of the Marches of Wales, 1245,
Second Marriage to Maud de Avesbury
He married #2. Maud de Avesbury, by whom he had a son John, Lord of Haresfield. 
Humphrey married secondly, Maud de Avenbury  who died on 8 October 1273 at Sorges in the Dordogne.
In 1250 he took the cross and went to the Holy Land as a crusader. 
Privy Councillor, 1258
- Justice of Assize at Cardiff, 1261,
He defended Simon de Montfort in 1252. In 1257 he had custody of part of the Welsh marches and was in the Welsh war. He joined the barons who formed the confederation for redress of grievances in 1258, and he had a share in the settlement of the government under the Provisions of Oxford, being one of the original commissioners, and subsequently one of the council of fifteen. 
1258 Provisions of Oxford
In 1258 he was one of the 24 councillors to draw up the Provisions of Oxford, being chosen one of the original commissioners, and subaqeuently one of the council of fifteen. 
In 1258, after returning from a pilgrimage to the Holy Land, Humphrey fell away, like his father, from the royal to the baronial cause. He served as a nominee of the opposition on the committee of twenty-four which was appointed, in the Oxford parliament of that year, to create the Provisions of Oxford to reform the administration. It was only the alliance of Montfort with Llewelyn of North Wales that brought the earl of Hereford back to his allegiance. Humphrey V headed the first secession of the Welsh Marchers from the party of the opposition (1263), and was amongst the captives whom the Montfortians took at the Battle of Lewes. 
The earl's son and namesake was on the victorious side, and shared in the defeat of Evesham, which he did not long survive. Humphrey V was, therefore, naturally selected as one of the twelve arbitrators to draw up the Dictum of Kenilworth (1266), by which the disinherited rebels were allowed to make their peace. 
In 1260 he was an itinerant justice for the counties of Gloucester, Worcester, and Hereford. 
In 1623 he supported the king against Simon de Montfort while his son Humphrey VI supported Simon. He was taken prisoner in the battle of Lewes in 1264. 
Sir Humphrey de Bohun, Earl of Hereford and Essex, died testate 24 Sept 1275 and was buried before the high altar in the chapel of St. Kyneburg at llanthony Abbey outside Gloucester. In 1290 the remains of his second wife Maud, were removed from France by her son, John de Bohun, and reburied at llanthony Abbey beside her husband. 
Shortly before his death, Humphrey had conveyed the honour of Pleshey to his younger son, Henry de Bohun.
The remainder of his estate passed to his grandson, Humphrey (VI) de Bohun (d. 1298), son and heir of Humphrey the younger, who had died in captivity on 27 October 1265, at Beeston Castle, near Chester.
Dying in 1275, he was succeeded by his grandson Humphrey VII.
Children of Humphrey and Maud de Lusignan (Matilda)
- Humphrey (V) de Bohun, Knt. (predeceased his father in 1265, earldom passing through him to his son Humphrey de Bohun, 3rd Earl of Hereford)
- Henry de Bohun, Knt. In 1254 he was granted protection as long as he was on the king's service in Gascony. 
- Geoffrey de Bohun. Living, 1264. ,
- (Master) Ralph de Bohun, Clerk, Rector of Debden, Essex... 
- Maud (Matilda) de Bohun, married (1) Anselm Marshal, 6th Earl of Pembroke; (2) Roger de Quincy, Knt, 2nd Earl of Winchester. 
- Alice de Bohun, married Roger V de Toeni. 
- Eleanor de Bohun, married Sir John de Verdun, Baron of Westmeath, of Alton Staffordshire. 
- Mary de Bohun. About 1250-60 shown as "Mary de Boun, daughter of Sir Humphrey de Boun, count of Hereford and Essex." 
Children of Humphrey and Maud d'Avenbury
- John de Bohun, Knt, of Haresfield, Elmore, and Harescombe, Gloucesershire, and, in right of his wife, of Salmanby, Lincolnshire, Elmsett, and Somersham, Suffolk, etc. Married John de Baa (or Bath, Bathe) 
- Sir Miles de Bohun, Knt, of Gussage Dynaunt, Dorset. 
- ↑ 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 Wikipedia. Humphrey de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Humphrey_de_Bohun,_2nd_Earl_of_Hereford. Accessed April 28, 2015
- ↑ 2.00 2.01 2.02 2.03 2.04 2.05 2.06 2.07 2.08 2.09 2.10 2.11 2.12 2.13 Adec,FHL 929.273,C769w
- ↑ 3.00 3.01 3.02 3.03 3.04 3.05 3.06 3.07 3.08 3.09 3.10 3.11 3.12 3.13 3.14 3.15 3.16 3.17 3.18 3.19 Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, 2013, Volume 1, pages 410-415
- Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
- Magna Carta Ancestry, by Douglas Richardson, publ. 2005, Vol 1., p. 228.
- Cokayne, George Edward. The Complete Peerage Vol. 4, p. 689.
- Phillimore, W.P.W & Fry, George S. Abstracts of Gloucestershire Inquisitiones Post Mortem Returned Into the Court of Chancery (British Record Society, London, 1893) Part IV. 20 Henry III. to 29 Edward I. 1236-1300, Page 93
- Richardson, Douglas. Plantagenet Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families. Volume 1. p94 (attached).
- Marlyn Lewis.
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