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Coel I of Britain (Britain) Meric I

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King Colius (Coel I of Britain) "Ole King Cole" Meric I formerly Britain aka ap Marius
Born about in Coel Castra, Essex, Colchester, Englandmap
Husband of — married [date unknown] [location unknown]
Husband of — married [date unknown] [location unknown]
Husband of — married [date unknown] [location unknown]
Died about in Colchester, Essex, Englandmap
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This is the profile is for Coel/Colius I, son of Marius, of Britain (c. 100). (pic #1 Third column near the bottom), it should not to be confused with Duke (King) Coel of Kaercolvin-1 Colchester (c. 200) married to Strada verch Cadvan The Fair of Cambria-5, (pic #2)

pic #1
Monarchs by Holinshed

pic #2

National CV of Britain

Excerpt from The National CV of Britain: (added to help clarify which Coel is which. amb)

The 3 Coels:

  1. Coel I - Coellus in Holinshed ([see pic #1 above Monarchs, table column 3, entry 5]); Coel I was of western British ancestry according to R W Morgan (Pic #2 above or see Royal family tree on the web page of National CV of Britain), the eastern branch of the royal family apparently lacking a male heir; but he was simply the son of Marius according to Tysilio, Holinshed & Enderbie, and De Wavrin.
  2. Coel II Kaercolvin-1 of Colchester, spouse of Strada The Fair, reigned in the AD 200s and was the father of Helen, the mother of Constantine the Great;
  3. Coel III reigned in the AD 400s.

When King Marius was dead, Coillus (Coel I), his son, who was a very courteous man graceful, wise, brave, and hardy, reigned after him; he knew all the Roman laws, for he had learned them in his youth at Rome, where he had been brought up, and he greatly loved the Romans, because he had received from them the knowledge of many a fine art and science. [Source: De Wavrin, p135]
Coel I was the Old King Cole of nursery rhyme fame.


Important Notice

This profile is the result of multiple ongoing merges between entries of many family trees. Interested parties are encouraged to edit together the various text blocks into a rational whole. As an historic figure, the privacy should be open or public at all times, if it is not please ask a manager to correct it.


After the death of the good King Arviragus, reigned his son Maurius [Marius], who had been brought up at Rome among the relatives of his mother Genois [Genvissa]. [1]

Coel I:
Coillus Coel the sonne of Marius was after his fathers deceasse made king of Britaine, in the yeare of our Lord 125... When Coill had reigned the space of 54 yeares, he departed this life at Yorke, leaving after him a sonne named Lucius. [Source: Holinshed, Vol I, p511][2]


Name: COLIUS King of Britain
Name: Coel "Old King Coel" (Coilus) King Of /BRITAIN/
Given Name: Coel "Old King Coel" (Coilus) King Of
Surname: BRITAIN


Date: 85
Place: Coel Castra, Essex, Colchester, England
Date: ABT 60
Place: Britain
Date: 80
Place: Powys County, Wales
Date: 80
Place: Siluria, Britain
Place: Eboracum, now York, England

Marriage and Issue

Coel, son of Marius, of Britain married:
  1. Claudia,
    1. daughter Emerita m. Eurgen/Ywaine/Owain/Eugein, son of Afallach/Affalach and Athilda. [3]
  2. Marcelina
  3. Lucille, daughter of Lucius Artorius Castus, Roman prefect:
    1. son Lucius.[4]


Date: 150 - 170
Place: Colchester, Essex, England
Place: Carlisle, Scotland


  • Royal Line, The: Albert F Schmuhl: March, 1929 NYC, NY - Rev. March 1980. Genealogical lineages may not always be from father to son, especially Houses of Kings
  • Created through the import of master 11_12.ged on 21 October 2010.


No sources listed:

Coel Hen appears in the Harleian genealogies and the later pedigrees known as the Bonedd Gwŷr y Gogledd (The Descent of the Men of the North) at the head of several post-Roman royal families of the Hen Ogledd.[2] His line, collectively called the Coeling, included such noted figures as Urien, king of Rheged; Gwallog, perhaps king of Elmet; the brothers Gwrgi and Peredur; and Clydno Eiddin, king of Eidyn or Edinburgh.[2][3] He was also considered to be the father-in-law of Cunedda, founder of Gwynedd in North Wales, by his daughter Gwawl.[4] The genealogies give him the epithet Godebog, meaning "Protector" or "Shelterer".[2] The poem Y Gododdin mentions some enmity between the "Sons of Godebog" and the heroes who fought for the Gododdin at the Battle of Catraeth.[3]

The Cole family, referred to as the Cole race, ruled the biggest area of Britain (which at that time consisted of a combined England, Scotland and Wales) which encompassed present day Southern Scotland, Lancashire, Yorkshire, Northumberland and Cumbria. This compared with Wales which was split into five regions and extended east to Lichfield and the rest of Britain consisting of dozens of kingdoms.

The arrival and subsequent departure of the Romans did not much alter the Cole dynasty and it was the Danes and Saxons who eventually wiped them out, being completed by about 616.[5]

Coel Hen brought corn into Britain

different dates from different entries:

Colius was educated in Rome and reigned from 125-170.

Name: Coilus King of Colchester (Camulod)

Birth: bef 125, Colester

Death: 170

Father: Marius (Meric) King of Britons (-125)

Mother: Penardun (Julia)

Misc. Notes

Coilus was educated at Rome and reigned 125-170.



Father: Cadwalladr (Cadvan)

Mother: Gladys


  1. Athildis
  2. St. Helena (Elaine) (248-328)[6]


  1. John de Wavrin, 1864, A Collection of the Chronicles and ancient Histories of Great Britain, now called England, translated by Will. Hardy: From Albina to A, Part 688 (Google eBook)
  2. The National CV of Britain, 3.2 Rulers AD. accessed 2014-04-26, amb
  3. David Hughes, The British Chronicles Vol. II, pp. 396, 399-400. added 2014-05-25, amb
  4. Hughes, The British Chronicles, p. 422
  6. Entered by Stephen Bridges.

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''Monarchs'' from The Holinshed Project
''Monarchs'' from The Holinshed Project

[location?] [date?] Comments: 1. WikiTree Popularity: 1.



On May 1, 2014 Michelle Brooks wrote: shows he had three mates -
  1. Claudia, daughter Emerita.
  2. Marcelina
  3. Lucille, son Lucius.

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