Robert (Brus) Bruce Sr.

Robert (Brus) Bruce Sr.

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Robert "5th Lord of Annandale, the Competitor" Bruce Sr. formerly Brus aka le Brus, de Brus
Born in Annandale,Dumfrieshire,,Scotlandmap
Husband of — married in Gloucester, Kent, Englandmap
Husband of — married in Hoddam, Scotlandmap
Died in Priory,Lochmaben,Dumfries-Shire,Scotlandmap
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Categories: Lord of Annandale.


(Template:Scottish Clans)


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Contents

Biography

Robert Bruce, 5th Lord of Annandale (Robert de Brus), 5th Lord ofAnnandale, was a feudal lord, Justice and Constable of Scotland andEngland, a Regent of Scotland, and a leading competitor to be King ofScotland in 1290-92 in the Great Cause.
Robert was son of Robert Bruce, 4th Lord of Annandale and Isobel ofHuntingdon, the second daughter of David of Scotland, 8th Earl ofHuntingdon and Matilda de Kevilloc of Chester. David in turn was theson of Henry of Scotland, Earl of Huntingdon and Northumberland andAda de Warenne; Henry's parents were King David I of Scotland and Maudof Northumberland.
In addition to Annandale, Robert was Lord of Hartlepool in countyDurham and Writtle and Hatfield Broadoak in Essex, England. His firstwife brought to him the village of Ripe, in Sussex, and his secondwife the Lordship of Ireby in Cumberland,
His possessions were later increased following the defeat of Simon deMontfort at the Battle of Evesham (1265), via a series of grants thatincluded the estates of the former rebel barons Walter de Fauconbergand John de Melsa. Henry III also re-appointed Robert a Justice, andConstable of Carlisle Castle and keeper of the Castle there in 1267, aposition he had been dissmissed from in 1255, for his support duringthe rebellion.
It is believed Robert joined the princes Edward and Edmund on their1270-4 crusade, as his sons failed to attend.
He succeeded in having the young widowed Marjorie of Carrick, heiressof that earldom, married to his son, another Robert Bruce in 1271. Shewas the daughter of Niall, 2nd Earl of Carrick.
Robert Bruce was Regent of Scotland some time during minority of hissecond cousin King Alexander III of Scotland (1241-1286) and wasoccasionally recognised as a Tanist of the Scottish throne. He was theclosest surviving male relative to the king: Margaret of Huntingdon'sissue were all females up until birth of Hugh Balliol sometime in the1260s. When Alexander yet was childless, he was officially named asheir-presumptive, but never gained the throne as Alexander managed tobeget three children. The succession in the main line of the House ofDunkeld became highly precarious when towards the end of Alexander'sreign, all three of his children died within a few years. Themiddle-aged Alexander III induced in 1284 the Estates to recognise ashis heir-presumptive his granddaughter Margaret, called the "Maid ofNorway", his only surviving descendant. The need for a male heir ledAlexander to contract a second marriage to Yolande de Dreux on 1November 1285. All this was eventually in vain. Alexander diedsuddenly, in a fall from his horse, when only 45 years old, in 1286.His death ushered in a time of political upheaval for Scotland. Histhree-year old granddaughter Margaret, who lived in Norway, wasrecognised as his successor. However, the then 7-year old heiressMargaret died, travelling towards her kingdom, on the Orkney Islandsaround 26 September 1290. With her death, the main royal line came toan end and thirteen claimants asserted their rights to the ScottishThrone.
After this extinction of the senior line of the Scottish royal house(the line of William I of Scotland) David of Huntingdon's descendantswere the primary candidates for the throne. The two most notableclaimants to the throne, John Balliol and Robert himself (grandfatherof Robert The Bruce) represented descent through David's daughtersMargaret and Isobel respectively.
Robert Bruce pleaded tanistry and proximity of blood in the successiondispute. He descended from the second daughter of David of Huntingdon,whereas John Balliol descended from the eldest, and thus had thelineal right. However, Robert was a second cousin of kings of Scotlandand descended in 4th generation from King David I of Scotland, whereasJohn Balliol was a third cousin of kings and descended in 5thgeneration from King David I, the most recent common ancestor who hadbeen Scottish king. The ensuing 'Great Cause' was concluded in 1292.It gave the Crown of Scotland to his family's great rival, JohnBalliol. The events took place as follows:
Soon after the death of young queen Margaret, Robert Bruce raised abody of men with the help of the Earls of Mar and Atholl and marchedto Perth with a considerable following and uncertain intentions.Bishop Fraser of St. Andrews, worried of the possibility of civil war,wrote to Edward, asking for his assistance in choosing a new monarch.
Edward took this chance to demand sasine of the Scottish royal estate,but agreed to pass judgment in return for recognition of hissuzerainty. The guardians of Scotland denied him this, but RobertBruce was quick to pay homage. All the claimants swore oaths ofhomage, and John Balliol was the last to do so. The guardians wereforced to concede and were thus reinstated by Edward.
Judgment processed slowly. On 3 August 1291 Edward asked both Ballioland Bruce to choose forty auditors while he himself chose twenty-four,to decide the case. After considering all of the arguments, in earlyNovember the court decided in favour of John Balliol, having thesuperior claim in feudal law, not to mention greater support from thekingdom of Scotland. In accordance with this, final judgement wasgiven by Edward on 17 November. On 30 November, John Balliol wascrowned as King of Scots at Scone Abbey. On 26 December, at Newcastleupon Tyne, King John swore homage to Edward I for the kingdom ofScotland. Edward soon made it clear that he regarded the country ashis vassal state. The Bruce family thus lost what they regarded astheir rightful place on the Scottish throne.
(Edward I decided in favour of the senior legitimate heir byprimogeniture, John Balliol but in 1306 the crown was assumed by agrandson of the Bruce himself, who became King Robert I. In doingthis, the rightful heir, John Balliol's own son, was smitten by hisfather's misfortune of having been placed on the throne in aninopportune period.)
Robert, 5th Lord of Annandale resigned the lordship of Annandale tohis son, the Earl of Carrick, as well as his claim to the Crown.Shortly after this, Robert's daughter-in-law Marjorie died in 1292,and on the day of her death his son transferred Carrick to his eldestgrandson, the future Robert I of Scotland thus making the boy the Earlof Carrick.
In 1292 Robert V de Brus held a market at Ireby, Cumberland, in rightof his wife. The following year he had a market at Hartlepool, countyDurham within the liberties of the Bishop of Durham.
Sir Robert de Brus died at Lochmaben Castle and was buried atGisborough Priory.
He married firstly 12 May 1240:
Isabella, (2 November 1226- after 10 July 1264), daughter of Gilbertde Clare, 5th Earl of Hertford and 1st Earl of Gloucester and LadyIsabel Marshal of Pembroke, with issue:
Isabel (b. 1249 - c1284), married (as his first wife) Sir JohnFitzMarmaduke, Knt., of Horden, Eighton, Lamesley, Ravensholm, andSilksworth, county Durham, Sheriff of North Durham, and Joint Wardenbeyond the Scottish Sea between the Forth and Orkney. He fought on theEnglish side at the Battle of Falkirk, 22 July 1298, and was presentat the Siege of Caerlaverock Castle in 1300. In 1307 he was commandedto assist the Earl of Richmond in expelling Robert de Brus and theScottish rebels from Galloway. In 1309 his armour and provisions in avessel bound for Perth were arrested off Great Yarmouth. He wasgovernor of St. John's Town (Perth) in 1310 until his death. Isabelwas buried at Easington, County Durham.[5]
Robert VI the Bruce, Earl of Carrick (1253 - 1304)
Constance (b. 1251), married Sir William Scot de Calverley and haddaughter, Clarissa Scott (m. Sir John Fairfax)
He married, secondly on 3 May 1275 at Hoddam, in the diocese ofGlasgow:
Christina (d. 1305), daughter and heiress of Sir William de Ireby ofIreby, Cumberland. They had no issue.

Notes

Bio notes: robert bruce lord of annandale
died lochmarben castle, regent of scotland
Great-great grandson of David I, King of Scotland. Lord of Annadale


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References

Name

Name: Robert /De Clare/
Given Name: Robert
Surname: De Clare
Married Name: Bruce

An explicit Surname and Married Name were both found.

Name: Robert, 5th Lord of Annandale /De Brus/[1]

Name: Robert 'the Competitor' /de BRUS/ [2][3][4]

Name

Name: Robert /DeBruce/
Source: #S2
Page: Ancestry Family Trees
Text: http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=26914960&pid=1990152937
Note: #N1049
Name: ROBERT de Brus, "the Competitor", /5th Lord of Annandale/
Source: #S-1984662677
Note: http://trees.ancestry.com/rd?f=sse&db=uki5-cmplt-prge&h=1265&ti=0&indiv=try&gss=pt
APID: 6717::1265
Source: #S-1991857879
Note: http://trees.ancestry.com/rd?f=sse&db=millind&h=10555585&ti=0&indiv=try&gss=pt
Text: Birth date: 1216Birth place: of, Annandale, ScotlandDeath date: 31 Mar 1295Death place:
APID: 7249::10555585
Source: #S-1988981437
Page: Source number: 962.000; Source type: Electronic Database; Number of Pages: 1; Submitter Code: ARC.
Note: http://trees.ancestry.com/rd?f=sse&db=worldmarr_ga&h=168563&ti=0&indiv=try&gss=pt
APID: 7836::168563

Birth

Date: 02 NOV 1210
Place: Annandale, Scotland[5]
Date: 1210[6]

Birth: Date: 1210/Place: Of, Annandale, Dumfriesshire, Scotland[7]

Date: 1210
Place: Annandale, Dumfries-shire, Scotland
Source: #S-1991857879
Note: http://trees.ancestry.com/rd?f=sse&db=millind&h=10555585&ti=0&indiv=try&gss=pt
Text: Birth date: 1216Birth place: of, Annandale, ScotlandDeath date: 31 Mar 1295Death place:
APID: 7249::10555585

Death

Death:
Date: 31 MAY 1295
Place: Lochmaben, Dumfries-shire, Scotland[8]
Date: 31 MAR 1295
Place: Lochmaben Castle[9]
Date: BEF 03 MAY 1294[10]

Found multiple copies of DEAT DATE. Using 31 MAR 1295Array

Death: Date: 31 MAY 1295/Place: Priory, Lochmaben, Dumfriesshire, Scotland[11]

Date: 31 Mar 1295
Place: Lochmaben Castle, Dumfries-shire, Scotland
Source: #S-1991857879
Note: http://trees.ancestry.com/rd?f=sse&db=millind&h=10555585&ti=0&indiv=try&gss=pt
Text: Birth date: 1216Birth place: of, Annandale, ScotlandDeath date: 31 Mar 1295Death place:
APID: 7249::10555585

Burial

Burial:
Date: 1295
Place: Gisborough Priory, Guisborough, Redcar and Cleveland, England[12]

Burial: Date: 17 APR 1295 Place: Priory, Guisburn, YKS, England[13]

Marriage

Date: MAY 1240[14]
Date: 1240-05
Place: Gloucester,,Kent,England

Sources

Source: #S-2141108661
Page: Ancestry Family Trees
Text: http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=6601291&pid=1323162821
Source S-2141108661
Repository: #R-2141108662
Title: Ancestry Family Trees
Publication: Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com. Original data: Family Tree files submitted by Ancestry members.
Repository R-2141108662
Name: Ancestry.com
Address: http://www.Ancestry.com
Note:
  • Source: S125 Author: Ancestry.com Title: Public Member Trees Publication: Name: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc.; Location: Provo, UT, USA; Date: 2006; Repository: #R1
  • Repository: R1 Name: www.ancestry.com Address: E-Mail Address: Phone Number:
  • Source: S148 Title: The Magna Charta Sureties, 1215, Edition: 3rd edition Abbreviation: Magna Charta, 3rd ed. Author: Weis, Frederick Lewis Publication: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., Baltimore, MD, 1979 Note: RIN#10000
  • Source: S152 Title: Ancestral Roots of Sixty Colonists Who Came to New England between 1623 and 1650 Abbreviation: Ancestral Roots, 6th ed. Author: Weis, Frederick Lewis Publication: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., Baltimore, MD, 1988 Note: RIN#10004
  • Source: S37 Title: The Magna Charta Sureties, 1215, Edition: 4th ed., Record Number: CS55 A31979 Abbreviation: Magna Charta, 4th ed. Author: Weis, Frederick Lewis Publication: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., Baltimore, MD, 1991

Source S994Text: This individual (or object) is the subject of an article or stub at Wikipedia.

  • Source: S2 Title: Pedigree Resource File CD 49 Abbreviation: Pedigree Resource File CD 49 Publication: (Salt Lake City, UT: Intellectual Reserve, Inc., 2002)
  • Source: S3 Title: Ancestral File (TM) Abbreviation: Ancestral File (TM) Author: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day SAINTS Publication: June 1998 (c), data as of 5 JAN 1998 Repository: #R1
  • Repository: R1 Name: Unknown
  • Source: S4 Title: hofundssonAnces.ged Abbreviation: hofundssonAnces.ged Repository: #R1
  • Source: S436 Title: Type: Ancestral File Number Abbreviation: Type: Ancestral File Number
  • Source: S00007 Title: Ancestry Family Trees Publication: Name: Name: Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com. Original data: Family Tree files submitted by Ancestry members.;; Repository: #R00002 NOTEAncestry Family Trees (Name: Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com. Original data: Family Tree files submitted by Ancestry members.;), Ancestry Family Trees (Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com. Original data: Family Tree files submitted by Ancestry members.), _APID: 1030::0 CONT This information comes from 1 or more individual Ancestry Family Tree files. This source citation points you to a current version of those files. Note: The owners of these tree files may have removed or changed information since this source citation was created. CONT .
  • Repository: R00002 Name: Ancestry.com.au Address: http://www.Ancestry.com.au E-Mail Address: Phone Number:
Source S2
Title: Ancestry Family Trees
Publication: Name: Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com. Original data: Family Tree files submitted by Ancestry members.;
Repository: #R1
Repository R1
Name: Ancestry.com
Address: http://www.Ancestry.com
Source: #S-1992136522
Page: Ancestry Family Trees
Text: http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=24279608&pid=1606276737
Source: #S-1992136522
Page: Ancestry Family Trees
Text: http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=24279608&pid=1606276737
Source S-1984662677
Repository: #R-1992163608
Title: Peerage of the United Kingdom and Ireland, Volumes I-IV
Author: Ancestry.com
Publication: Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2002.Original data - Cokayne, George Edward. The Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom. London, England: The St. Catherine Press Ltd., 1910-1916.O
APID: 6717::0
Repository R-1992163608
Name: Ancestry.com
Address: http://www.Ancestry.com
Source S-1988981437
Repository: #R-1992163608
Title: U.S. and International Marriage Records, 1560-1900
Author: Yates Publishing
Publication: Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2004.Original data - This unique collection of records was extracted from a variety of sources including family group sheets and electronic databases. Originally, the information was derived
APID: 7836::0
Source S-1991857879
Repository: #R-1992163608
Title: Millennium File
Author: Heritage Consulting
Publication: Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2003.Original data - Heritage Consulting. The Millennium File. Salt Lake City, UT, USA: Heritage Consulting.Original data: Heritage Consulting. The Millennium File. Salt Lake City, UT, USA:
APID: 7249::0
Source S-1992136522
Repository: #R-1992163608
Title: Ancestry Family Trees
Publication: Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com. Original data: Family Tree files submitted by Ancestry members.
Note: This information comes from 1 or more individual Ancestry Family Tree files. This source citation points you to a current version of those files. Note: The owners of these tree files may have removed or changed information since this source citation was created.

Footnotes

  1. Source: #S125 Page: Database online. Data: Text: Record for Robert 6th Lord Annandale De Brus
  2. Source: #S2
  3. Source: #S3
  4. Source: #S4
  5. Source: #S125 Page: Database online. Data: Text: Record for Robert 6th Lord Annandale De Brus
  6. Source: #S152 Page: 252-28
  7. Source: #S4
  8. Source: #S125 Page: Database online. Data: Text: Record for Robert 6th Lord Annandale De Brus
  9. Source: #S37 Page: 41-3
  10. Source: #S152 Page: 252-28
  11. Source: #S4
  12. Source: #S125 Page: Database online. Data: Text: Record for Robert 6th Lord Annandale De Brus
  13. Source: #S4
  14. Source: #S148 Page: 41-3

Biography

Robert was born in 1215. Robert De Brus ... He passed away in 1295. [15]

Do you have information about De Brus? Please contribute to his biography. Everything on WikiTree is a collaborative work-in-progress.

Sources

No sources. The events of Robert's life were either witnessed by Terry Wright or Terry plans to add sources here later.

Footnotes

  1. Source: #S125 Page: Database online. Data: Text: Record for Robert 6th Lord Annandale De Brus
  2. Source: #S2
  3. Source: #S3
  4. Source: #S4
  5. Source: #S125 Page: Database online. Data: Text: Record for Robert 6th Lord Annandale De Brus
  6. Source: #S152 Page: 252-28
  7. Source: #S4
  8. Source: #S125 Page: Database online. Data: Text: Record for Robert 6th Lord Annandale De Brus
  9. Source: #S37 Page: 41-3
  10. Source: #S152 Page: 252-28
  11. Source: #S4
  12. Source: #S125 Page: Database online. Data: Text: Record for Robert 6th Lord Annandale De Brus
  13. Source: #S4
  14. Source: #S148 Page: 41-3
  15. Entered by Terry Wright, Mar 1, 2013

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