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John Carter II

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Col. John Carter II
Born about in Newgate Christ Church, Middlesex, London, Englandmap [uncertain]
Husband of — married [date unknown] in Lancaster, Lancaster, Virginia, United Statesmap
Husband of — married [location unknown]
Husband of — married [location unknown]
Husband of — married in Corotoman, Lancaster Co. VAmap
Husband of — married [location unknown]
Died in Corotoman Plantation, Lancaster County, Virginiamap
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Categories: Slave-owner: Virginia | House of Burgess, Virginia.



John Carter, Colonel

Uncertain Origin

John was born ca 1613, based on his own statement.[1] He was certainly born in England, but his parentage is uncertain. He was probably the son of the Newgate vintner, John Carter and his second wife, Bridget Benion Carter, and if so, he was born at Newgate Christ Church, Middlesex, London, England.[2][1] Whoever his parents were, they were well connected with the Virginia Company, at least as business associates and possibly as family.[1]


Edward Carter (d. 1682), House of Burgesses and governor's Council, was certainly related, but the exact connection is unknown.[1]

Thomas Carter (1672-1733), also of Lancaster County, may have been a first cousin, as there is some evidence their fathers were brothers.[2]

Early Years

As a young man, John probably made frequent voyages facilitating the tobacco trade between Virginia and London as a representative of the Virginia Company.[1] On August 10, 1635, John boarded the Safety at London and gave his age as "twenty-two."[1] Sometime between May 1638 and January 164, he settled in Virginia.

House of Burgess and Other Offices

John served as Lieutenant-colonel, Burgess, and Councillor.[3] He was first elected in 1642 as Burgess for Upper Norfolk County (in 1646 Nansemond) and again in 1643 and 1649, and he served in the House until 1658,[1] and in 1658-59, he served as Councillor.[2]

John served as commander against the Rappahannock Indians in 1654; he was made Colonel of Lancaster County in 1656.[2]


John married five times. He may have married for the first time to Jane Glyn before settling in Virginia.

1) Jane Glyn, born in Fulham, Middlesex, England, died before 1655, a daughter of Morgan Glyn.[2]

Children of John and Jane Glyn:

  1. Daughter whose husband was a member of Maryland governor's Council
  2. Son died young
  3. John, Lt. Col., born 1648, died 1690

2) Eleanor (Eltonhead) Brocas, married in 1655, daughter of Richard Eltonhead, widow and 3rd wife of William Brocas of the Virginia council.[1] She died soon after their marriage, and there were no known children.[2]

3) Anne Carter, daughter of Cleve Carter.[2]

4) Sarah Ludlow, married in 1662, born 1635 and died before June 10, 1669, daughter of Gabriel Ludlow and Phillis Wakelyn, nephew of Cromwell's General Edmund Ludlow.[3] married by early 1660's.[1][2]

Children of John and Sarah:[2]

  1. Robert "King" Carter b 1664

5) Elizabeth Sherley, marriage agreement executed on October 24, 1668, a widow from Gloucester County, and according to Stephen Carter, this was not a happy marriage.[2]


By the time of his election as Burgess in 1642, John had probably established residence in Virginia.[1] He first settled in Upper Norfolk County (Nasemond) and later in Lancaster County. In 1656, John was made Colonel of Lancaster County militia, and by 1666, both he and his son, John, were members of the vestry for the Lancaster County Christ Church.[2] John received his first of several land grants along the north bank of the Rappahannock River in 1642.

Corotoman Plantation was located overlooking the Rappahannock, flanked by Carter's Creek on the east and the Corrotoman River on the west.

Note before establishing himself there permanently between May 1638 and January 1641. Apparently he brought with him useful political connections and considerable money for he soon was chosen burgess for Nansemond River in Upper Norfolk County. But his attention was further north; he acquired land by patent and purchase in what was then Charles River County (to become Lancaster in 1751). Although he appears first in the Lancaster County records in January 1652, he had apparently not yet "seated" his land and had to obtain that April an act of the Assembly for an extension; he moved there soon afterwards.

Through his connections and his wealth, John Carter rose quickly to prominence in the colony, and by 1657 he was a member of the council. His five marriages produced only six children, several of whom died in infancy. Most important to Robert was his older half-brother, John, who raised him after their father died in 1669.[4]

Death and Legacy

John died 10 June 1669 at Corotoman Plantation, Lancaster County, Virginia. He was buried inside the Christ Church, now rebuilt, in the same place as the original. A large etched tombstone, to the right-hand side of the chancel, covers John, his five wives, ans some of their children. The epitaph reads:

Here lyeth buried ye body of John Carter, Esq., who died ye 10th of June, Anno Domini 1669; and also Jane, ye daughter of Mr. Morgan Glyn, and George her son, and Elenor Carter, and Ann, ye daughter of Mr. Cleave Carter, and Sarah, ye daughter of Mr. Gabriel Ludlow, and Sarah her daughter.[2]

Robert "King" Carter inherited, as his older half-brother, John, had died in 1690.


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.9 Quitt, Martin H. and the Dictionary of Virginia Biography. "John Carter (ca. 1613–1670)." Encyclopedia Virginia. Virginia Foundation for the Humanities, 15 August 2013. Web accessed 28 July 2014.
  2. 2.00 2.01 2.02 2.03 2.04 2.05 2.06 2.07 2.08 2.09 2.10 2.11 Carter, Stephen "Stephen Carters John Carter Research", Posted by John Size on July 31, 2004, Web accessed July 28, 2014
  3. 3.0 3.1 Tyler, Lyon G., Encyclopedia of Virginia biography, Vol I. (Page 60) New York: Lewis historical publishing company, 1915, Open Library, Web accessed July 28, 2014
  4. Berkeley, Edmund, transcriber, editor, annotator, Robert Carter "The Diary, Correspondence and Papers of Robert "King" Carter of Virginia, 1701-1732", Web accessed July 28, 2014

See also:

  • London, England, Extracted Parish Records Original data - Electronic databases created from various publications of parish and probate records.
  • Filby, P. William, ed., Passenger and Immigration Lists Index, 1500s-1900s Gale Research Publication: Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: Operations, Inc, 2010. Farmington Hills, MI, USA: Gale Research, 2010.
  •, England & Wales Christening Records, 1530-1906 Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: Operations Inc, 2008. Original data - Genealogical Society of Utah. British Isles Vital Records Index, 2nd Edition. Salt Lake City, Utah: Intellectual Reserve, copyright 2002.


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