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John Carter

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Col. John Carter
Born about in Englandmap
Husband of — married [date unknown] in Lancaster, Lancaster, Virginia, United Statesmap
Husband of — married [location unknown]
Husband of — married [location unknown]
Husband of — married in Corotoman, Lancaster Co. VAmap
Husband of — married [location unknown]
Died in Corotoman Plantation, Lancaster County, Virginiamap
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Categories: Slave-owner: Virginia | House of Burgess, Virginia.


Contents

Biography

John Carter, Colonel

Born ca 1613
Died June 10, 1669
Immigrated between 1638 and 1641
Married 5 times, see the Family sub-topic
Owned: Corotoman Plantation, Lancaster County, Virginia

Uncertain Origin

John was born ca 1613, based on his own statement.[1] He was certainly born in England, but his parentage is uncertain.[2] He was probably the son of the Newgate vintner, John Carter and his second wife, Bridget Benion Carter, and if so, he was born at Newgate Christ Church, Middlesex, London, England.[3][1] Whoever his parents were, they were well connected with the Virginia Company, at least as business associates and possibly as family.[1]

Parents: John Carter and Elizabeth Benion. [1]
Place of birth: Newgate Christ Church, Middlesex, London, England.[1]

Associations

Edward Carter (d. 1682), House of Burgesses and governor's Council, was certainly related, but the exact connection is unknown.[1]

Thomas Carter (1672-1733), also of Lancaster County, may have been a first cousin, as there is some evidence their fathers were brothers.[3]

Early Years and Immigration

As a young man, John probably made frequent voyages facilitating the tobacco trade between Virginia and London as a representative of the Virginia Company.[1] On August 10, 1635, John boarded the Safety at London and gave his age as "twenty-two."[1] Sometime between May 1638 and January 1641, he settled in Virginia.[2]

House of Burgess and Other Offices

John served as Lieutenant-colonel, Burgess, and Councillor.[4] He was first elected in 1642 as Burgess for Upper Norfolk County (in 1646 Nansemond) and again in 1643 and 1649, and he served in the House until 1658,[1] and in 1658-59, he served as Councillor.[3]

John served as commander against the Rappahannock Indians in 1654; he was made Colonel of Lancaster County in 1656.[3]

Family

John married five times. He may have married for the first time to Jane Glyn before settling in Virginia.

1) Jane Glyn, born in Fulham, Middlesex, England, died before 1655, a daughter of Morgan Glyn.[3]

Children of John and Jane Glyn:

  1. Elizabeth b ca 1651, d 4 Aug 1699; 1) Col. Nathaniel Utie, (as his 2nd), son of John Utie and Ann; 2) Capt. Henry Johnson; 3) Edward Boothby.
  2. George died young
  3. John, Lt. Col., born 1648, died 1690

2) Eleanor (Eltonhead) Brocas, married in 1655, daughter of Richard Eltonhead, widow and 3rd wife of William Brocas of the Virginia council.[1] She died soon after their marriage, and there were no known children.[3]

3) Anne Carter, married in 1656 on a trip to England,[1] daughter of Cleve Carter.[3] She died soon after the marriage, and there were no known children.[1]

4) Sarah Ludlow, married in 1662, born 1635 and died before June 10, 1669, daughter of Gabriel Ludlow and Phillis Wakelyn, nephew of Cromwell's General Edmund Ludlow.[4] married by early 1660's.[1][3]

Children of John and Sarah Ludlow:[3]

  1. Sarah died in infancy
  2. Robert "King" Carter b 1664, d 1732

5) Elizabeth Sherley, marriage agreement executed on October 24, 1668, a widow from Gloucester County, and according to Stephen Carter, this was not a happy marriage.[3]

Child of John and Elizabeth Sherley:[1]

  1. Charles 1669-1690 England

Corotoman

By the time of his election as Burgess in 1642, John had probably established residence in Virginia.[1] He first settled in Upper Norfolk County (Nasemond) and meanwhile he acquired land in Charles River County (to become Lancaster in 1751). In 1642, John received his first of several land grants along the north bank of the Rappahannock River.[1] In April of 1652, he applied for an extension by act of the Assembly on his land in Lancaster County.[2] It seems that soon thereafter he moved to this land and built Corotoman plantation which became the family home.[2] Corotoman Plantation was located overlooking the Rappahannock, flanked by Carter's Creek on the east and the Corrotoman River on the west.[5] In 1656, John was made Colonel of Lancaster County militia, and by 1666, both he and his son, John, were members of the vestry for the Lancaster County Christ Church.[3]

Slaves and Indentured Servants

At the time of his death, John left some thirty indentured servants and some forty African slaves.[1] This increasing reliance on the lifelong service of African slaves as opposed to the finite service of indentured Europeans typified the changing labor norms in Virginia.[1]

Death and Legacy

John died 10 June 1669 at Corotoman Plantation, Lancaster County, Virginia. He was buried inside the Christ Church, now rebuilt, in the same place as the original. A large etched tombstone, to the right-hand side of the chancel, covers John, his five wives, ans some of their children. The epitaph reads:

Here lyeth buried ye body of John Carter, Esq., who died ye 10th of June, Anno Domini 1669; and also Jane, ye daughter of Mr. Morgan Glyn, and George her son, and Elenor Carter, and Ann, ye daughter of Mr. Cleave Carter, and Sarah, ye daughter of Mr. Gabriel Ludlow, and Sarah her daughter.[3]

John's eldest son, Lt. Col. John Carter, inherited the majority of his wealth, as was the tradition. After his death, the inheritance transferred to the younger son, Robert "King" Carter, who vastly increased the family's wealth.[2]

Sources

  1. 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 1.11 1.12 1.13 1.14 1.15 1.16 1.17 Quitt, Martin H. and the Dictionary of Virginia Biography. "John Carter (ca. 1613–1670)." Encyclopedia Virginia. Virginia Foundation for the Humanities, 15 August 2013. Web accessed 28 July 2014.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 Berkeley, Edmund , Jr., transcriber, editor, and annotator, "The Diary, Correspondence, and Papers of Robert "King" Carter" October 10, 2009, Web accessed July 28, 2014
  3. 3.00 3.01 3.02 3.03 3.04 3.05 3.06 3.07 3.08 3.09 3.10 3.11 Carter, Stephen "Stephen Carters John Carter Research", Posted by John Size on July 31, 2004, Web accessed July 28, 2014
  4. 4.0 4.1 Tyler, Lyon G., Encyclopedia of Virginia biography, Vol I. (Page 60) New York: Lewis historical publishing company, 1915, Open Library, Web accessed July 28, 2014
  5. "Corotoman", Web accessed August 1, 2014

See also:

  • Ancestry.com London, England, Extracted Parish Records Original data - Electronic databases created from various publications of parish and probate records.
  • Filby, P. William, ed., Passenger and Immigration Lists Index, 1500s-1900s Gale Research Publication: Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc, 2010. Farmington Hills, MI, USA: Gale Research, 2010.
  • Ancestry.com, England & Wales Christening Records, 1530-1906 Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2008. Original data - Genealogical Society of Utah. British Isles Vital Records Index, 2nd Edition. Salt Lake City, Utah: Intellectual Reserve, copyright 2002.

Acknowledgments

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DNA
No known carriers of John's Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA have taken yDNA or mtDNA tests.

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Collaboration

On August 1, 2014 Cynthia Billups wrote:

Removed the suffix, II, to avoid confusion, (as some genealogies call this I), and the WikiTree convention is to only use a suffix if it was used during the person's lifetime, and we can always replace it, if someone has primary evidence of its use. http://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Name_Fields#Suffix




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