Note: I translated one of the articles. This one is principally on the issues related to the emigration by force and subsequent history. The other carries the details in France further. The family was from Franche-Cãomtâe.
Anyway, here is the one I did translate:
The Origins of the Chassâe family.
by Hubert Charbonneau
Translation from Memoires de La Societe Genealogique
Canadienne-Francaise, Vol. 43 no. 1, spring 1992
On 24 Feb. 1733 a young man of Franche-Comte, in a spirit of adventure, left France for Canada by order of the king. He was not alone, with 98 other passengers, all minor criminals like himself, one of whom was his cousin. This salt blackmarketeer, named Jean Chassey, preferred deportation to imprisonment. He had been found with the equipment for making crystalized salt. However his crime was not very great, and indeed if we found him doing this today, he would not be in prison at all.
Disembarking at Quebec, Jean Chassey was bound over with four other criminals to Francois Poulin, sieur de Francheville, founder of the St. Maurice forges. However, Poulin died the November following, and the works were temporarily closed. Almost certainly this was why we find our Jean Chassey in Kamouraska only two years after his arrival in the colony of Quebec.
One of his companions, who was also at the Forges of St. Maurice, is most probably his accomplice. Jean-Nicolas Grandmaitre carries the same name as the mother of Jean Chassey and is originally from Combeaufontaine in Franche-Comtâe, the parish in which was living the family of Jean. He married at Chateauguay 7 Jan 1736 Anne Primot, but Jean Nicolas died a few months later, leaving his wife carrying a son who was born 19 Dec. 1737.
During this time, Jean Chassey married, on 27 June 1735 at St. Louis de Kamouraska, Marie-Josephe Migneau, daughter of Pierre Migneau and Jeanne Autin. He says he is the son of Sebastien Chassey and Elisabeth Grandmaitre, he signs his name, and declares he is 21 years of age. We know now he was actually 23 years of age. The baptism states this, in Scey-sur-Saone Parish, which is in the diocese of Besancon. Tanguay erroneously says 'Lesursone' as origin instead of Sesursone. Going one better, in Chassey's contract before a notary later in life, his origin is written as Saint-Parsonne!
At the marriage, Jean and Charles Miville are among the witnesses for Jean Chassey. Perhaps he was contracted to work with the Miville family after his departure from the Forges. In fact, this is a strong possibility. In any case he is established near Kamouraska, on the side which becomes the territory of St. Andre. From 1736 to 1741 four children are born at Kamouraska. Then nine years after his arrival in the colony, the new Canadian decided to return to France to bring out his mother, brothers and sisters. His father had died three years earlier, as Jean heard from a messenger. He embarked on a small vessel sailing for Gaspe, but he had to return to Kamouraska. His reputation as a former criminal haunted him: he did not have the right to leave Canada.
But this very determined man arrived at his ends anyway, for his family disembarked at Quebec during the summer or early fall of 1742. His mother, Elisabeth Grandmaitre, now about 55, was accompanied by four girls and the only other son: Catherine, 26; Francoise, 23; Anne-Marie, 20; Sebastien, 18; and Jeanne-Baptiste, the youngest of the family, only 15. Also on the voyage was Francois Tortey, originally from Combeaufontaine. From that Nov. 27 1742 Tortey's wife was Catherine, oldest sister of Jean. Two months later it was the turn of Francoise to take a husband. This was Jean-Baptiste Michaud, son of Pierre and of Marie Madeleine Cadieu. The Michauds were allied to the Mignaud family, and Joseph, brother of Jean-Baptiste, had already been a witness at the marriage of Jean Chassey.
The events of life continued, some happy, some sad. There was the separation of the family, for before their first anniversary the Tortey couple decided to return to France. Three years later, during the summer of 1746, Sebastien, younger brother of Jean, died in his prime. That autumn brought the marriage of Anne-Marie with Benjamin Michaud, cousin of Jean-Baptiste, husband of Francoise. Then before the end of 1748, Jeanne-Baptiste married Etienne Michaud, the brother of the same Jean-Baptiste Michaud. The families Chassey and Michaud had ties that could not be dissolved. All the children of Elisabeth Grandmaitre were finally married.
During the interval, Jean Chassey was a father for the sixth time. He could count five living children in 1747 when he was accused, with Jean-Claude Carlos, of counterfeiting money. This Carlos, originally from the Jura, was also a former petty criminal now well established in the St. Lawrence. Certainly it was true that money was rare in the colony at this time. But counterfeiting was a crime subject to the death penalty. How did our Jean Chassey make out? For that we read a text by R. Boyer, "Jean Chasse also known as Bourguignon, was hung in effigy for the making and altering of money and playing cards [used as money]." His absence from his family was not long, however, for his wife gave birth to a girl four years later.
During this time Jeanne-Baptiste died, without doubt in the first days of summer 1749. But Jean Chassey was not finished with bad times. The Year 1757 was especially difficult. His wife and his mother died that same year. This happened after his wife had given birth to ten children and perhaps pregnant with an eleventh. Elisabeth Grandmaitre died in the autumn. In a notarial document that year she is called the Grandmother Chassey. Three of her children had already died. Was there any news of daughter Catherine in France? No one knows.
Some weeks before his mother died, Jean was remarried. He stayed a widower five months and a bit. His second wife, Marie-Angelique Asselin (given name Marie-Louise in the marriage record) was daughter to Louis and to Marie-Angelique Dube. She was not yet 19, making her 26 years younger than her husband. She married a father of seven children, but one also well established as a farmer. According to the census of 1762 he had 6 arpents of land in cultivation, one bull, four cows, two oxen, three horses and seven pigs. At the same time the household had three boys of 15 years or more, two less than 15 and two girls. By this date Elisabeth is already married, since 1758, and the second girl Anne is in the census perhaps as a domestic servant. Two sons of the second marriage are added. Six other children were born between 1762 and 1771.
Thus Jean Chassey had at least 17 children from these two marriages. Ten of these married, giving a truly abundant posterity. But our man, now the Patariarch of the family, had the sadness of burying almost a dozen of them during his lifetime. He lived longer than all his brothers and sisters: Francoise died in 1780 after having given birth to 8 children and Anne-Marie died at Ste-Anne-de-la-Pocatiere in 1797 at the age of 75, having for her part 7 children. Jean Chassey died 6 July 1798, given last rites at age 86 in St. Andre. His wife survived him, as did six of his children.
The name Chassey corresponds to the place of origin, almost certainly. One finds in the east of France 5 villages of this name, of which one, Chassey-les-Scey, is a hamlet very near Scey-sur-Saone where the name of Chassey is very common in the 1600s. Located about 15 km. (10 mi.) west of Vesoul, Scey-sur-Saone-and-Saint-Albin is now a market town of Upper Saone (Haute Saone) as is Combeaufontaine also, a village no more than 10 km. (6 mi.) distant.
In the Archives of the Haute Saone, at Vesoul, the Report on the parish registers and civil registration and their microfilms reveals that the registers of Scey-sur-Saone begin in 1623, but have gaps from 1649 to 1659, and from 1683 to 1684. At Combeaufontaine there are no parish registers before 1700.
[Note: the following translations from both Latin and French texts are precised.]
We found many records in the registers of Scey-sur-Saone for the period 1623 - 1722 and those of Combeaufontaine for 1700 - 1750 (only the decisions related to leaving, in 1639). We found the marriage of Sebastien Chassey and Elisabeth Grandmaitre, celebrated in the church St. Martin de Scey 28 Feb. 1708:
At St. Martin de Scey, 28 Feb. 1708 celebrated the marriage of Sebastian Chassey of this place and Elizabeth Grandmaitre of Combeaufontaine, witnessed by Jean Chassey, Adrain Lambert and D. Olivier.
We see from the above that the groom was from Scey and the bride from Combeaufontaine.
One year later the birth of the first child, Anne, is celebrated. She was baptised the 22 Feb. 1709, but must have died as an infant, for we have no further trace of her. Sebastien Chassey is here referred to as a blacksmith, which explains why Jean was sent to the Forges of St. Maurice.
Anne, daughter of Sebastian Chassey, blacksmith, of Scey and Elisabeth Grandmaitre his wife, baptized 22 Feb. 1709, witnesses Ch. Olivier and Anne Bourceret, both illiterate.
The family then moved to Combeaufontaine. The winter of 1709-10 is known as the worst in the history of France. Deaths were numerous, and many were forced to migrate as a result of the misery. We next find in 1711 the baptism record of Jean, the only Chassey family record written in French instead of Latin:
Jean, son of Sebastien Chassey of Scey sur Saone, blacksmith and Elisabeth Grandmaitre of Combeaufontaine his wife is born the 12 Aug. 1711 and baptised the next day. The witnesses are Jean Chassey and Elisabeth Chassey, both illiterate, of Scey. Bourdereau, Priest. [Benigne Bourdereau, a relative, was Curate, and died 24 Aug. 1713, after having been Curate of Combeaufontaine for 45 years.]
Then at Combeaufontaine the baptisms follow at about two year intervals. Next was Sebastien, baptised 19 Jan. 1714, who no doubt died at a young age.
Sebastien, son of the honest Sebastien Chassey and Elisabeth Grandmaitre known [dit] as Balan, was baptised this day 19 Jan. 1714, witnesses Sebastien Bouvalet and Anna Olivier. Chichard, Priest.
In this record the father is characterized as honest and the mother has added the surname Balan to her name Grandmaitre. Catherine was born the 1 Aug. 1716, followed by Francoise born the 2 Jun 1719, where one of the witnesses carries the same family name as the mother of Francois Tortey, and Anne-Marie the 18 Dec. 1721, Sebastien the 20 Feb. 1724 and Jeanne-Baptiste the 10 Oct. 1726.
Catherine, daughter of Sebastien Chassey and Elisabeth Grandmaitre his wife of this place is born and baptised the 1 Aug. 1716, witnesses Jean Francois Olivier and Catherine Grandmaitre, illiterate, written by Olivier, clerk. Chignard, Parochius (signed J. F. Olivier)
Francoise, daughter of Sebastien Chassey and Elisabeth Grandmaitre known as Balan, his wife, of Combeaufontaine, born and baptised the 2 Jun. 1719, witnesses Claudius Grandmaitre dit Balan and Francois Bartholomew of Combeaufontaine area. Ravier, Parochius.
Anne Marie, daughter of Sebastien Chassey and Elisabeth Grandmaitre dit
Balan is born 11 Dec 1721 and the next day baptised, witnesses Isidore Grandmaitre and Anne Marie Gautherot, of Combeaufontaine. Ravier, Parochius (signed with a flourish by Isidore Grandmaitre)
Sebastien, son of Sebastien Chassey and Elisabeth Grandmaitre dit Balan, his wife, baptised and born 20 Feb. 1724, witnesses Sebasten Simon of Cornot and Dionysia Billard of Combeaufontaine. J. F. Chapuis, Parochius of Combeaufontaine.
Jeanne-Baptiste, daughter of Sebastien Chassey and Elisabeth Grandmaitre his wife, born and baptised 10 Oct. 1726, witnesses Pierre Francois Dutot and Joanne Baptiste Grandmaitre, of Combeaufontaine. J. F. Chapuis, Parochius of Combeaufontaine.
In all eight children are born, of which six survive long enough to emigrate to Canada. The death of the father of this family is no doubt the reason for this move.
Sebastien Chassey, 54, was given last rites and died 23 Mar. 1739 and the following day was buried in the cemetery. At his death, the 23 Mar. 1739, Sebastien Chassey was 54, which means he was born in 1684 or at the beginning of 1685, the period which corresponds with a gap in the records of the register of Scey. This is undoubtedly the reason why we have not been able to find any mention of his baptism. However we have the conviction he is the son of Jean Chassey, iron merchant and of Francoise Bordereau. [true, see next article Vol. 43, no. 3] Thus Jean Chassey is of a family with a long history here, and inherited his given name from his grandfather. His sister Francoise also carries the given name of the paternal grandmother.
[Note: Fifteen records of earlier times, from 1686 to 1709 are then listed.]
Thus there are many members of the Chassey family in Scey at the beginning of the 17th century. After 1710 the name seems to disappear bit by bit. We have not found any entries between 1712 and 1722 there. As shown by the baptismal records, this was a family of artisans. Only this one family of Chassey emigrated to Canada, and there is no further record of Anne who returned to France with her husband. After this time there are no other Chassey families in Scey or Combeaufontaine.
As for the Grandmaitre family, they are numerous in Combeaufontaine. [The second article uses deeds and other legal documents to explore the early connections.] On the cover page of the register of Scey, for the years 1712- 1722, one reads the following words: "Jean Nicolas Grandmaitre of Combeaufontaine made the **[vigne de fondation dudit lieu]. Is this the father of the one who accompanied Jean Chassey to Canada? It is a strong possibility with the given name being the same.
In conclusion, we praise Jean Chassey as a pioneer who contributed to the development of the colony, while not being one of the 17th century arrivals. His is a fascinating tale of adventure and migration to a new land. He caused the immigration of seven other persons, of which two returned to France. As well, many Quebecers along the Kamouraska coast are today descendants of this Chassey family.
Place: St Martin de Scey, Scey-sur-Saãone, Franche-Comtâe, France
WikiTree profile Chasse-10 created through the import of Ancestors 2011.GED on Aug 20, 2011 by William Romanski. See the Changes page for the details of edits by William and others.
Source: S856 Author: www.grandesfamilles.org Title: Les Grandes Familles Abbreviation: Les Grandes Familles Publication: Online Database Italicized: Y Paranthetical: Y
Source: S858 Author: Charbonneau, Hubert Title: The Origins of the Chassâe family Abbreviation: The Origins of the Chassâe family Publication: Memoires de La Societe Genealogique Canadienne-Francaise, Vol. 43 no. 1, Spring 1992 Italicized: Y Paranthetical: Y