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Archdale Combe

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Archdale Combe aka Combs
Born before in Soulbury, Buckinghamshire, Englandmap
Husband of — married about [location unknown]
Died in Old Rappanhannock County, Virginiamap
Last profile change on 15 January 2015
11:08: Cynthia Billups added an unmerged match of Combe-72 and Combs-443 with a comment. [Thank Cynthia for this]
This page has been accessed 203 times.



Archdale Combe, apprenticed as a draper on 10 April 1656

Note: The Combs-Coombs &c. Research Group uses the spelling "Combe" more often than "Combs"


Archdale was christened on 16 November 1641 at Soulbury, Buckinghamshire, England.[1] He was a son of John Combe and Elizabeth Lovett.[1] He may have been born at Sparsholt, Berkshire, England, as he was identified as "Archadell Combes, son of John of Sparsholt, Berkshire, Armiger, deceased," in regards to his apprenticeship in 1656.


In two documents of power of attorney in the 1660's, Archdale called Warrick Cammock his friend of his "loveing Friende Mr. Warricke Cammocke."[1]

Early Years

Archdale was apprenticed on 10 April 1656 for eight years, as a Draper, to his maternal uncle, Christopher Lovett.[1] Christopher had children baptized in 1658 and 1663 at Dublin, Ireland.[1] It was the usual practice for apprentices to reside with their masters.

Uncertain Wife's Maiden Name

Archdale married to Elizabeth Unknown.[2]

She has often been called Elizabeth Butler, based on two records. One was an apprenticeship record on 7 May 1684, in which Charles Combs was assigned to John Butler until the age of twenty-one (Old Rappahannock OB, 1683-1686, p. 20 (27)).[2] In another apprenticeship record, on 4 September 1684, William Combs was assigned to Mr. William Underwood (Old Rappahannock OB, 1683-1686, p. 55).

The other was a deed (which was a result of the relinquishment of dower signed by Elizabeth and Archdale in 1674), dated 11 Dec 1691, from William UNDERWOOD, Jr. to William THOMAS which has caused much confusion. A transcription is found on the Archdale Combs page by the Combs-Coombs &c. Research Group:

…Mr. Wm. UNDERWOOD, Sr. "as Marrying the Sister of the said Mr. Ammaree BUTLER. And from the said BUTLER confer'd unto Mr. Wm. UNDERWOOD Senr. as marrying the Sister of the said BUTLER and from the said UNDERWOOD convey'd over by Exchange of the Thirds of land belonging unto Mrs. Eliza: COUMBS with consent of the said Mrs. Elizabeth COUMBS unto William UNDERWOOD, Junr., John COUMBES, and William COUMBES to them their heires or assignes forever… (Richmond Deeds, 1692-1694, Ruth & Sam Sparacio, McLean, VA, 1991)[2]

The difficulty in interpretation was a result of mis-identification of the two William Underwoods mentioned. "Mr. Wm. UNDERWOOD, Sr." was not the Col. Wm. UNDERWOOD, earlier husband of Elizabeth. He was the son of the Col. Wm. UNDERWOOD, and he was the husband of Mary BUTLER, sister of Amory BUTLER.

"Mr. Wm. UNDERWOOD, Jr." was not the son of Col. Wm. UNDERWOOD. He was son of Unknown Underwood and Elizabeth (-----) Underwood (Underwood) Combs.[2]

Often the suffixes "Sr." and "Jr." were used for two people, with the same name, living nearby each other. They were not necessarily related at all, or might have been only distantly related.

When the correct identities are known, we understand that Elizabeth relinquished her dower in order to secure the land for her sons, William Underwood, Jr., John Combs, and William Combs (Charles was possibly not born by that date, or was not her son).


Archdale apparently married twice.

  • He married, as his 1st, to an Unknown wife.
  • He married between 1662 and 1666, as his 2nd, and as her 3rd, to Elizabeth (Unknown) (Underwood) Underwood, widow of an Unknown (possibly also William) Underwood, Major William Underwood of Rappahannock County Virginia (d c. 1662).[2] She seems to have had a son, William Underwood, Jr. by her first marriage to an Unknown Underwood. He was Archdale's step-son (see below).

Children of Archdale and Elizabeth (Unknown) (Underwood) (Underwood) Combs (likely more children):[2]

  1. John b c. 1662-3, d 1716
  2. William (-1718)
  3. (possibly?) Charles poss b after 14 Nov 1674 (date of relinquishment of dower in return for 600 acres for sons)

This transcription is found on the Archdale Combs page by the Combs-Coombs &c. Research Group:

On 7 Jun 1666, Archdall COMBE gifted his "sone in Law" William UNDERWOOD, Jr. 2 cows, a heifer and 1500 pds. of "good sound Tobacco" to be in the care of Archdall COMBE himself until "the donee come of age to chuse him a guardian." (Old Rappa. DB 3:93-94)[2]

"Son-in-law" was often used to describe a step-son.

Death and Legacy

Archdale probably died about 1684 at Old Rappanhannock County, Virginia.[1] In that year, he seemed to have wrapped up his business and made apprenticeship arrangements for his minor sons, Charles and William.


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 Combs-Coombs &c. Research Group, "John Combe, Citizen, Draper, Merchant & Adventurer and Margaret Archdale, His Wyfe" USGenNet accessed January 14, 2015
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 Combs-Coombs &c. Research Group, Archdale Combs (1640?-1684?) USGenNet accessed January 11, 2015


  • Thank you to the Combs-Coombs &c. Research Group for the excellent research, using primary documents, and for publishing it online.

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On January 15, 2015 at 16:05GMT Cynthia Billups wrote:

Combs-629 and Combe-72 are not ready to be merged because: Initially I thought the Combs-Coombs &c. Research Group prefered the spelling Combe, but in looking at additional pages on their website, it seems they used both ... about equally. Now I am stumped as to which way to go. It also seems his children were divided, some using Combe and some using Combs. So that doesn't help. What do you think?

These profiles definitely represent the same person. Question is the spelling and thus, the direction of the merge INTO the "correct" spelling.

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