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Notice of resolution of ambiguous parentage
This profile has been edited with regard to parents in accordance with principles established by the European Aristocracy user-group. Medieval genealogy is not an exact science, and digital collaborative genealogy must therefore occasionally make choices where old-fashioned print-scholarship did not have to. The parents (or lack of parents) of the person described in this profile were decided upon in consultation with primary sources especially as collected in the Foundation for Medieval Genealogy’s Medieval Lands project.
There is in particular NO EVIDENCE AT ALL OF DESCENT FROM THE KINGS OF DENMARK.
Gunnora (or Gunnor) (c. 936 – 1031) was the wife and consort of Richard I of Normandy. Her parentage is unknown, earliest sources reporting solely that she was of Danish ancestry and naming siblings INCLUDING BROTHER HERFAST DE CREPON WHO IS SOMETIMES ERRONEOUSLY GIVEN AS HER FATHER.
Gunnora long acted as Richard's mistress or wife by more danico, but when Richard was prevented from nominating their son Robert to be Archbishop of Rouen, the two were married, making their children legitimate in the eyes of the church.
As duchess, was able to use her influence to see her kin favored, and several of the most prominent Conquest-era Norman magnates, including the Montgomery, Warenne, Mortimer, Vernon/Redvers, and Fitz Osbern families, were descendants of her brother and sisters.
Richard and Gunnora were parents to several children:
Richard II "the Good", Duke of Normandy (966)
Robert, Archbishop of Rouen, Count of Evreux, died 1037.
Mauger, Earl of Corbeil[disambiguation needed ], died after 1033.
Robert Danus, died between 985 and 989
Emma of Normandy (c. 985–1052) wife of two kings of England.
Maud of Normandy, wife of Odo II of Blois, Count of Blois, Champagne and Chartres
Hawise of Normandy, wife of Geoffrey I of Brittany
Source: S-2056352934 Repository: #R-19 Title: Newberry genealogy : the ancestors and descendants of Thomas Newberry of Dorchester, Mass., 1634, 920-1914 Author: Ancestry.com Publication: Online publication - Provo, UT: The Generations Network, Inc., 2005.Original data - Bartlett, J. Gardner. Newberry genealogy : the ancestors and descendants of Thomas Newberry of Dorchester, Mass., 1634, 920-1914. Boston: Published by the author for John S Note: Includes index.
UNKNOWN-59055 created through the import of FAMILY_2011-05-26.ged on May 26, 2011 by Jacky Gamble.
↑ Source: #S1 Page: Database online. Data: Text: Record for Richard II The Good of Normandy
↑ Entered by Mark Gash, Monday, September 30, 2013.
Thank you to Mark Gash for Crepon-136 creating De Crepon-136 on 30 Sep 13. Click the Changes tab for the details on contributions by Mark and others.
Gunnor 'Gundra' de Crépon, Duchesse de Normandie, d'Aunou (FitzBaldric)
Parents unknown but often suggested to be: Herbastus 'the Dane' de Crépon and Joceline
b: c 1020
Eure, Haute-Normandie, France
d: 1047 (27)
Anjou, Isere, Rhone-Alpes, France
Gunnor was, like Richard, of Norse descent, being a Dane by blood. Richard finally married her bef 989 to legitimize their children:
According to Robert de Torigny, she was a virgin living with her married sister Senfrie when Duke Richard of Normandy became enamored of Senfrie. Senfrie managed to substitute Gunnora, who became mistress, and later wife, of Duke Richard of Normandy. Gunnora then used her influence to arrange good marriages for her sisters Wevia and Aveline and for her nieces whom he leaves unnamed.
c 962 Geoffrey de Bec (Crispin d'Eaux) [Norman] b. 962 d. 996?
23 August 963 Richard II FitzRichard (Evereaux) [Norman] b. 23 August 963 d. August 1026
965 Robert d'Évreux [Norman] b. 965? d. 1037
968? marriage: Richard I of Normandy ("The Fearless") [Norman] b. 28 August 933 d. 20 November 996
978 William FitzRichard [Norman] b. 978 d. 1058
980 Beatrice of Normandy (FitzRichard) [Norman] b. 980 d. 18 January 1035
985 Emma I of Normandy [Norman] b. 985? d. 6 March 1052
986 Hawise of Normandy [Norman] b. 986 d. 1034
995 Fressenda Norman [Norman] b. 995? d. 1057
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Some fanciful parentages have been suggested, based perhaps on her having been a wife _more danico_ (that is, a concubine), but there is no evidence. Herbastus has been allowed to remain as her father because although it seems likely that he was actually her brother, it is a mistake of long standing.