- p. Fulbert de Falaise and Doda
- Robert, Duke of Normandy. Issue: 1
- m. Herluin de Conteville. Issue: 3
Bree Ogle | Mar 2014 WikiTree --The earliest accounts of Herleva come from Orderic Vitalis (1075 – c. 1142). They were not written down until 80 years after she met Robert the Magnificent. It was only through Wace and Benoit in the 12th century, and later 17th century writings, that she became known as a the daughter of tanner.
Scholarship discounts this based on examination of the original source, the context of the public heckling of Duke William, and the Latin and French words later chroniclers had trouble translating.
According to van Houts (1986), Fulbert was probably a mortician. He is described as, "a person who laid out corpses," and "might have embalmed bodies." As Chamberlain of the ducal court, this was one of Fulbert's duties.
♥ Danesche Manere ♥
Herleve married Robert II, Duke of Normandy according to the "Danish Way." "A legitimate wife according to old Norman traditions," she eventually had William the Conqueror. At the same time, up-and-coming reformists like pope Gregory VII (Hildebrand of Sovana) hoped to ban these customs and establish authoritarian rule. As a "concubine" through this lens, a "frilla" like Herleve is a glance at the long process of the Christianization of Europe, and the outing of indigenous culture.
Still struggling for power and legitimacy, the seat of Rome had barely cleaned up its own house, before it got caught between the Roman aristocracy, and the slaughter of the Saracens and unstoppable Norman "barbarians." Unable to maintain its own security, the papacy cut a deal with the devil, and asked for the backing of the Norman military. It worked, but Rome paid a fateful price before it was able to achieve absolute rule.
So at this juncture, the lack of a wedding sanctioned by the Roman church was no threat to the rank or inheritance of England's future Norman king. And by the time the Conqueror was on the throne, the papacy was lucky to have any influence on him at all. Incidentally, William was born around c.1028 in Falaise, Normandy.
Herluin de Conteville
It is assumed that after Robert died in 1035, Herleve married Herluin de Conteville. They had three children:
- Eudes/Odo, Bishop of Bayeux (d. Jan 1097).
- Robert de Mortain, (b. after 1040 - d. 8 Dec 1090).
- dau m. Guillaume de la Ferté-Macé
✝ Abbey Notre Dame de Grestain ✝
At some point, Herlave's second husband supposedly had leprosy. This is said to have inspired the couple to found the Abbey Notre-Dame de Grestain in 1050, but other sources state Herleva had no part in it. It's assumed Herlave is buried there or Mortain, Haute-Normandie.
- Medieval Lands fmg.ac
- place of her birth is unknown. Some say the family was from Chaumont in the diocese of Liège but moved to Falaise, Calvados, Basse Normandie. Other state they were from Huy.
- Suggested Reading
- Abbott, Jacob. William the Conqueror (1903), p. 41
- "Dux Robertus, nato dicto Guillelmo, in isto eodem anno matrem pueri, quam defloraverat, duxit in uxorem."
- Chronicle of St-Maxentius (quoted Freeman 1870:611).
- Crouch, D. (2002). The Normans- The History of a Dynasty. pp 52–53, 58. Hambledon.
- Douglas, D.C. (1964). William the Conqueror. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press. pp. 15,381-382.
- Freeman, E. A. (1867). The History of the Norman Conquest. pp. 530, 615.
- "When the said William had been born, in that same year Duke Robert took as his wife the boy's mother, whom he had deflowered." (Freeman, 1870, pp.615).
- McLynn, F. (1999). 1066: The Year of the Three Battles. pp. 21–23.
- Palgrave, F. (1864). The History of Normandy and of England. pp.145
- Royals and Nobles: A Genealogist's Tool. pp.45. iUniverse, 2002. Google Books
- Wikipedia: Orderic Vitalis: 'Orderic Vitalis (Ordericus) (1075 – c. 1142) was an English chronicler and Benedictine monk who wrote one of the great contemporary chronicles of 11th- and 12th-century Normandy and Anglo-Norman England.' As such, bias idealizing the Catholic Church may have been injected for the benefit of his faith.
- ↑ 5.0 5.1 5.2
- The Origins of Herleva, Mother of William the Conqueror. Elisabeth M. C. van Houts. The English Historical Review, Vol. 101, No. 399 (Apr. 1986), pp. 399-404. Oxford University Press. JSTOR. Retrieved 26 Mar 2014.
- ↑ 6.0 6.1
- Arlette. Abbey Notre-Dame de Grestain
- Abbey Notre-Dame de Grestain: The family of Arlette.
- ↑ 8.0 8.1
- Norwich, John Julius (2011). A History of the Papacy: Absolute Monarchs. NY: Random House. eBook.
- "William the Conqueror," (n.d.). Bio. Web. Accessed 08 Mar 2014.
- One GEDCOM file asserts she had another daughter with Robert named Adelaide of Normandy (1029-1090).
- ↑ 13.0 13.1
- Ogle, B. (2014, March 26). Herlave Falaise Mortain: Biography. WikiTree. Web.
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No known carriers of Herleva's mitochondrial DNA have taken an mtDNA test.
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