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Herlève (Falaise) Mortain

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Herlève "Arlette, Harlette" Mortain formerly Falaise aka de Falaise, de Mortain
Born about in Calvados, Normandy, Francemap
Wife of — married about [location unknown]
Died about in Mortain, Normandy, Francemap
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Categories: Royal Mistresses.


Contents

Biography

The earliest accounts of Herleva come from Orderic Vitalis (1075 – c. 1142). They were not written down until 80 years after she met Robert the Magnificent. It was only through Wace and Benoit in the 12th century, and later 17th century writings, that she became known as a the daughter of tanner.[1]


Scholarship discounts this based on examination of the original source, the context of the public heckling of Duke William, and the Latin and French words later chroniclers had trouble translating.[1]


According to van Houts, Fulbert was probably a mortician. He is described as, "a person who laid out corpses," and "might have embalmed bodies." As Chamberlain of the ducal court, this was one of Fulbert's duties.[1]



Early Life

Herleve/Arlette (abt 1000-1050) was the daughter of Fulbert de Falaise and his wife Doda, Princess of Scotland. The place of her birth is unknown. Some say the family was from Chaumont in the diocese of Liège but moved to Falaise, Calvados, Basse Normandie. Other state they were from Huy.



♥ Danesche Manere ♥

Herleve married Robert II, Duke of Normandy according to the "Danish Way."[2] "A legitimate wife according to old Norman traditions,"[2] she eventually had William the Conqueror. At the same time, up-and-coming reformists like pope Gregory VII (Hildebrand of Sovana) hoped to ban these customs and establish authoritarian rule. As a "concubine" through this lens, a "frilla" like Herleve is a glance at the long process of the Christianization of Europe, and the outing of indigenous culture.[3][4]


Still struggling for power and legitimacy, the seat of Rome had barely cleaned up its own house, before it got caught between the Roman aristocracy, and the slaughter of the Saracens and unstoppable Norman "barbarians." Unable to maintain its own security, the papacy cut a deal with the devil, and asked for the backing of the Norman military. It worked, but Rome paid a fateful price before it was able to achieve absolute rule.[4]


So at this juncture, the lack of a wedding sanctioned by the Roman church was no threat to the rank or inheritance of England's future Norman king.[5] And by the time the Conqueror was on the throne, the papacy was lucky to have any influence on him at all.[6] Incidentally, William was born around c.1028 in Falaise, Normandy.[7]


Herluin de Conteville

It is assumed that after Robert died in 1035, Herleve married Herluin de Conteville. They had three children:

  1. Eudes/Odo, Bishop of Bayeeux (d. Jan 1097).
  2. Robert de Mortain, (b. after 1040 - d. 8 Dec 1090).
  3. dau m. Guillaume de la Ferté-Macé[8]


✝ Abbey Notre Dame de Grestain ✝

At some point, Herlave's second husband supposedly had leprosy.[9] This is said to have inspired the couple to found the Abbey Notre-Dame de Grestain in 1050,[9] but other sources state Herleva had no part in it.[10] It's assumed Herlave is buried there or Mortain, Haute-Normandie.

Links



Footnotes

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 The Origins of Herleva, Mother of William the Conqueror. Elisabeth M. C. van Houts. The English Historical Review, Vol. 101, No. 399 (Apr. 1986), pp. 399-404. Oxford University Press. JSTOR. Retrieved 26 Mar 2014.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Arlette. Abbey Notre-Dame de Grestain
  3. Abbey Notre-Dame de Grestain: The family of Arlette.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Norwich, John Julius (2011). A History of the Papacy: Absolute Monarchs. NY: Random House. eBook.
  5. Danish Way
  6. Wikipedia:Pope Gregory VII
  7. "William the Conqueror," (n.d.). Bio. Web. Accessed 08 Mar 2014.
  8. One GEDCOM file asserts she had another daughter with Robert named Adelaide of Normandy (1029-1090).cite
  9. 9.0 9.1 Wikipedia: Grestain Abbey
  10. Wikipedia: Herleva
  11. 'Orderic Vitalis (Ordericus) (1075 – c. 1142) was an English chronicler and Benedictine monk who wrote one of the great contemporary chronicles of 11th- and 12th-century Normandy and Anglo-Norman England.' As such, bias idealizing the Catholic Church may have been injected for the benefit of his faith.

Sources

  • Bree Ogle (Mar 2014). Herleva and Robert II the Magnificient: A look at the “Danish Marriage.” family.oglemedia.com. Weblog. © Creative Commons 4.0
  • Royal and Noble Genealogical Data. Brian Tompsett v. Mar 25, 2001. B.C.Tompsett@dcs.hull.ac.uk
  • Roderick W. Stuart, "Royalty for Commoners."

Biography

Herleva From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The three sons of Herleva of Falaise: William, Duke of Normandy, in the centre, Odo, the bishop of Bayeux, on the left and Robert, Count of Mortain, on the right (Bayeux Tapestry, 1070s) Herleva (c. 1003 – c. 1050) also known as Herleve,[1] Arlette,[2] Arletta[3] and Arlotte,[4] and Harlette had three sons – William I of England, who was fathered by Robert I, Duke of Normandy, and Odo of Bayeux and Robert, Count of Mortain, who were both fathered by Herluin de Conteville. All became prominent in William's realm.

Contents

1 Life 1.1 Relationship with Robert the Magnificent 1.2 Marriage to Herluin de Conteville 2 Death 3 References 4 Notes Life

The background of Herleva and the circumstances of William's birth are shrouded in mystery. The written evidence dates from a generation or two later, and is not entirely consistent, but of all the Norman chroniclers only the Tours chronicler asserts that William's parents were subsequently joined in marriage.[5] The most commonly accepted version says that she was the daughter of a tanner named Fulbert from the town of Falaise, in Normandy. The meaning of filia pelletarii burgensis[6] is somewhat uncertain, and Fulbert may instead have been a furrier, embalmer, apothecary, or a person who laid out corpses for burial.[7]

Some argue that Herleva's father was not a tanner but rather a member of the burgher class.[8] The idea is supported by the appearance of her brothers in a later document as attestors for an under-age William. Also, the Count of Flanders later accepted Herleva as a proper guardian for his own daughter. Both of these would be nearly impossible if Herleva's father was (and therefore her brothers were) a tanner, which would place his standing as little more than a peasant.

Orderic Vitalis described Herleva's father Fulbert as the Duke's Chamberlain (cubicularii ducis).[9]

Relationship with Robert the Magnificent

According to one legend, still recounted by tour guides at Falaise, it all started when Robert, the young Duke of Normandy, saw Herleva from the roof of his castle tower. The walkway on the roof still looks down on the dyeing trenches cut into stone in the courtyard below, which can be seen to this day from the tower ramparts above. The traditional way of dyeing leather or garments was to trample barefoot on the garments which were awash in the liquid dye in these trenches. Herleva, legend goes, seeing the Duke on his ramparts above, raised her skirts perhaps a bit more than necessary in order to attract the Duke's eye. The latter was immediately smitten and ordered her brought in (as was customary for any woman that caught the Duke's eye) through the back door. Herleva refused, saying she would only enter the Duke's castle on horseback through the front gate, and not as an ordinary commoner. The Duke, filled with lust, could only agree. In a few days, Herleva, dressed in the finest her father could provide, and sitting on a white horse, rode proudly through the front gate, her head held high. This gave Herleva a semi-official status as the Duke's mistress. She later gave birth to his son, William, in 1027 or 1028.

Marriage to Herluin de Conteville

Herleva later married Herluin de Conteville in 1031. Some accounts maintain that Robert always loved her, but the gap in their social status made marriage impossible, so, to give her a good life, he married her off to one of his favourite noblemen. Another source suggests that Herleva did not marry Herluin until after Robert died, because there is no record of Robert entering another relationship, whereas Herluin married another woman, Fredesendis, by the time he founded the abbey of Grestain.[a]

From her marriage to Herluin she had two sons: Odo, who later became Bishop of Bayeux, and Robert, who became Count of Mortain. Both became prominent during William's reign. They also had at least two daughters: Emma, who married Richard LeGoz or Richard Goz (count or viscount of Avranches), and a daughter of unknown name who married William, lord of la Ferté-Macé.[10]

Death

According to Robert of Torigni, Herleva was buried at the abbey of Grestain, which was founded by Herluin and their son Robert around 1050. This would put Herleva in her forties around the time of her death. However, David C. Douglas suggests that Herleva probably died before Herluin founded the abbey because her name does not appear on the list of benefactors, whereas the name of Herluin's second wife, Fredesendis, does.

Sources

References

Jump up ^ David C. Douglas, William the Conqueror (University of California Press, Berkeley and Los Angeles, 1964), p. 15 Jump up ^ Freeman, Edward A. The History of the Norman Conquest (1867), p. 530 Jump up ^ Palgrave, Sir Francis. The History of Normandy and of England (1864), p. 145 Jump up ^ Abbott, Jacob. William the Conqueror (1903), p. 41 Jump up ^ "Dux Robertus, nato dicto Guillelmo, in isto eodem anno matrem pueri, quam defloraverat, duxit in uxorem." (When the said William had been born, in that same year Duke Robert took as his wife the boy's mother, whom he had deflowered.) quoted in Edward Augustus Freeman, 1870 The History of the Norman Conquest of England: II. The reign of Eadward the Confessor Note U: The Birth of William1, p615. Jump up ^ Chronicle of St-Maxentius (quoted Freeman 1870:611). Jump up ^ van Houts, Elisabeth M. C., 'The Origins of Herleva, Mother of William the Conqueror', English Historical Review, vol. 101, pp. 399–404 (1986) Jump up ^ McLynn, Frank. 1066: The Year of the Three Battles. pp. 21–23 (1999) ISBN 0-7126-6672-9 Jump up ^ van Houts, Elisabeth M. C., 'The Origins of Herleva, Mother of William the Conqueror', English Historical Review, vol. 101, pp. 399–404 (1986); Crouch, David 'The Normans- The History of a Dynasty' Hambledon 2002 at pp 52–53 and p58 Jump up ^ David C. Douglas, William the Conqueror (University of California Press, Berkeley and Los Angeles, 1964), p. 381 Jump up ^ David C. Douglas, William the Conqueror (University of California Press, Berkeley and Los Angeles, 1964), p. 382 Notes

Jump up ^ "Norman Nobility". Medieval Lands Project. Retrieved on 2009-07-30. Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Herleva&oldid=608513043" Categories: 1000s births1050s deathsNormansWomen of medieval FranceWilliam the Conqueror This page was last modified on 14 May 2014 at 08:06. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization.


Biography

This biography was auto-generated by a GEDCOM import. It's a rough draft and needs to be edited.

Name

Hervele (Arlette) De /Falaise/
Name: Hervele (Arlette) De
Falaise[12]

Birth

ID: 1FC3456D-1FD9-45F1-B401-B65B2F54574A
ID Number: MH:IF7737
About:1012-00-00[13]

Could not interpret date in Birth Date (About:1012-00-00).

Death

ID: 2D8DBE5B-5709-4D74-9598-87B7886F15EF
ID Number: MH:IF7738
About:1050-00-00[14]

Could not interpret date in Death Date (About:1050-00-00).

Record ID Number

ID Number: MH:I4230

User ID

ID: C6DD6E07-4994-4121-B598-D5FA4028C587

Note

[Eula Maria McKeaig II - 061204.FTW]
Officer of the Household and "an associate" of Robert II, Duke of Normandy.
Apparently, they were never married. - tlsiii

Sources

  • Source: S96 Record ID Number: MH:S96 User ID: CCD7662F-AD30-47C8-B9BC-6B348174ACE3 Title: Eula Maria McKeaig II - 061204.FTW Note: Other
  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 The Origins of Herleva, Mother of William the Conqueror. Elisabeth M. C. van Houts. The English Historical Review, Vol. 101, No. 399 (Apr. 1986), pp. 399-404. Oxford University Press. JSTOR. Retrieved 26 Mar 2014.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Arlette. Abbey Notre-Dame de Grestain
  3. Abbey Notre-Dame de Grestain: The family of Arlette.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Norwich, John Julius (2011). A History of the Papacy: Absolute Monarchs. NY: Random House. eBook.
  5. Danish Way
  6. Wikipedia:Pope Gregory VII
  7. "William the Conqueror," (n.d.). Bio. Web. Accessed 08 Mar 2014.
  8. One GEDCOM file asserts she had another daughter with Robert named Adelaide of Normandy (1029-1090).cite
  9. 9.0 9.1 Wikipedia: Grestain Abbey
  10. Wikipedia: Herleva
  11. 'Orderic Vitalis (Ordericus) (1075 – c. 1142) was an English chronicler and Benedictine monk who wrote one of the great contemporary chronicles of 11th- and 12th-century Normandy and Anglo-Norman England.' As such, bias idealizing the Catholic Church may have been injected for the benefit of his faith.
  12. Source: #S96 Data: Text: Date of Import: Jul 25, 2005
  13. Source: #S96 Data: Text: Date of Import: Jul 25, 2005
  14. Source: #S96 Data: Text: Date of Import: Jul 25, 2005

Acknowledgments

Thank you to Steve Woods for creating WikiTree profile Falaise-48 through the import of Woods Beedle Wiki.GED on Mar 1, 2013.

Click to the Changes page for the details of edits by Steve and others.








Memories: 1

On December 4, 2011 Roger Wehr wrote:

According to one legend, still recounted by tour guides at Falaise, it all started when Robert, the young Duke of Normandy saw Herleva from the roof of his castle tower. The walkway on the roof still looks down on the dyeing trenches cut into stone in the courtyard below, which can be seen to this day from the tower ramparts above. The traditional way of dyeing leather or garments was for individuals to trample barefoot on the garments which were awash in the dyeing liquid in these trenches. Herleva, legend goes, seeing the Duke on his ramparts above, raised her skirts perhaps a bit more than necessary in order to attract the Duke's eye. The latter was immediately smitten and ordered her brought in (as was customary for any woman that caught the Duke's eye) through the back door. Herleva refused, saying she would only enter the Duke's castle on horseback through the front gate, and not as an ordinary commoner. The Duke, filled with lust, could only agree. In a few days, Herleva, dressed in the finest her father could provide, and sitting on a white horse, rode proudly through the front gate, her head held high. This gave Herleva a semi-official status as the Duke's mistress.[



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On June 17, 2014 Rhian Geleick wrote:

This profile contains a word for word copy of wikipedia text which should be removed and replaced with just a link to the wikipedia entry.

See guidlines for details.


On May 15, 2014 David Rentschler wrote:

Falaise-51 and De Falaise-128 are not ready to be merged because: dates and relative names not lining up.


On February 6, 2012 Roger Travis wrote:

Hi; This profile should have white privacy. Please change it as soon as convenient, so we can carry out the expedited merges outlined here:

http://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Historically-significant_ancestors


On February 6, 2012 Roger Travis wrote:

Hi; This profile should have white privacy. Please change it as soon as convenient, so we can carry out the expedited merges outlined here:

http://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Historically-significant_ancestors


On February 6, 2012 Roger Travis wrote:

Hi; This profile should have white privacy. Please change it as soon as convenient, so we can carry out the expedited merges outlined here:

http://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Historically-significant_ancestors


On February 6, 2012 Roger Travis wrote:

Hi; This profile should have white privacy. Please change it as soon as convenient, so we can carry out the expedited merges outlined here:

http://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Historically-significant_ancestors




Person Index  >  F  >  Falaise  |  M  >  Mortain  >  Herlève Mortain