This person migrated to New England during the Puritan Great Migration (1620-1640).
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|Elizabeth (Fones) Hallett belongs to a New Netherland family.|
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Elizabeth Fones Winthrop Feake Hallett (21 January 1610 – c. 1673) was an early settler in the Massachusetts Bay Colony where her father-in-law (and uncle) John Winthrop served as Governor. Her subsequent behavior would scandalize the Puritan colony.
Elizabeth was born on 21 Jan 1610 at Groton Manor, Suffolk, England, at the home of her mother’s parents.
Her father was Thomas Fones, a London apothecary; her mother was Anne Winthrop Fones, sister of John Winthrop, a staunch Puritan and the eventual Governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony.
As a young girl, Elizabeth worked at her father's shop in London. To the dismay of her family, she entered a whirlwind courtship with her first cousin Henry Winthrop and they were married on 25 April 1629, at the Church of St. Sepulchre at New Gate, London. A year later, her husband sailed for the Massachusetts Bay Colony on the ship Talbot, leaving his young bride behind in England on account of her pregnancy. The baby, a daughter named Martha Johanna Winthrop, was born on 9 May 1630 at Groton Manor.
A day after his arrival in Massachusetts (on 1 July 1630), Henry died in a drowning accident when he went swimming in the North River after visiting an Indian village near Salem. Henry Winthrop was twenty-two years of age, and he left Elizabeth a widow in England. 
Life in Massachusetts
In 1631, she sailed on the second voyage of the Lyon to Plymouth/Salem Massachusetts. Within a year, at the instigation of her father-in-law, she married Robert Feake, a goldsmith and merchant who had migrated from London. They settled in Watertown, Massachusetts, and Elizabeth had five children by him. (Watertown was one of the earliest of the Massachusetts Bay settlements. It was begun early in 1630 by a group of settlers led by Sir Richard Saltonstall and the Rev. George Phillips and officially incorporated that same year.)
• ESTATE: Granted eighty acres in the Great Dividend in Watertown, 25 July 1636 [WaBOP 4]; • granted twenty-four acres in the Beaverbrook Plowlands, 28 February 1636/7 [WaBOP 7]; • granted forty acres in the Remote Meadows, 26 June 1637 [WaBOP 8]; granted nine acres at the Town Plot, 9 April 1638 [WaBOP 11].
Life in Connecticut
In 1640, Robert Feake and Daniel Patrick purchased the site of Greenwich, in present-day Connecticut, from the Indians. It fell for a time under Dutch authority. The act of submission was signed by Daniel Patrick and Elizabeth Feake, acting in the absence and illness of her husband, who had returned to England.
Elizabeth eventually became sole owner of the land; now known as Greenwich Point, it was then referred to as Elizabeth Neck.
|Greenwich Point, Connecticut, also known as Elizabeth Neck, for Elizabeth Fones Winthrop Feake Hallet|
|Elizabeth Neck in relation to surrounding countryside|
Life on Long Island
At some point, Elizabeth ("Bess") divorced Robert and married William Hallett. For a detailed examination of her divorce and marriage to Hallett, see “When and Where were William Hallett and Elizabeth Fones Winthrop Feake married?” by Will Hallett (posted on 11 Nov 2013 at http://williamhallett.com/william-hallett-elizabeth-fones-winthrop-feake-married/
Her brother-in-law, who had become governor of Connecticut, John Winthrop, Jr., interceded with Peter Stuyvesant, asking that he honor the agreement made between William Hallett (Feake’s farm manager) and Feake. Feake had consented to it before going to England "knowing [Hallett] to be industrious and careful." Winthrop also asked that Hallett be allowed back into Greenwich to improve the land there. [WP 5:338-39].
Stuyvesant agreed. Elizabeth wrote to her cousin John Winthrop, Jr., on 10 January 1652/3 that: "Our habitation is by the whirlpool which the Dutchmen call the Hellgate where we have purchased a very good farm through the governor's means ... we live very comfortably according to our rank. In the spring the Indians killed four Dutchmen near to our house which made us think to have removed ... yet now the Indian are quiet and we think not yet to remove." [WP 6:239]
Helle-gat or Hell gate was a narrow straight on the Sound about 6 miles north of New York. It was dangerous to shipping because of numerous rocks, shelves and whirlpools.
Elizabeth died about 1672 in Newtown, Queens, NY.
The story of Elizabeth Fones was told in 1958 in a powerful historical novel, The Winthrop Woman by Anya Seton.
Elizabeth's personality/character as portrayed by Seton:
• unconventional, friendly, unpredictable and innovative. • original, innovative, opinionated. • responsible, serious and reliable; strong and persistent.
Incidents in Seton’s book portray how the Puritans tried to live their religion. In the process, they showed intolerance to non-believers and non-conformists like the Quakers. She suggests that Puritans believed in a literal interpretation of the Bible whereas Quakers believed in grace and inspiration, i.e. , personal revelations of the Spirit of God. Puritans believed in simplicity and working hard; Quakers believed in living simply and in the emancipation of slaves.
Seton points out the culture clash with the Indians who thought they were selling land use and had no idea that the English settlers assumed they were buying title to land that would be theirs forever.
- 21 JAN 1609/10 Groton Manor, Suffolk, England
- 21 JAN 1609/10 Groton, England
- 21 JAN 1610 Groton, Suffolk, EnglandPage: 4: 10. Elizabeth Fones was born January 21, 1610 in Groton Suffolk England, and died 1669 in New York. She married (1) Henry Winthrop April 25, 1629, at St. Sepulchre, London, England. She married (2) Robert Feake between December 02, 1631 and 31 Jan 1632, in Watertown Middlesex Massachusetts. She married (3) William Hallett, Sr.
- BET 1668 AND 1673 Newtown/LongIsl, Queens, NY
- BEF 1669
- 1669 New YorkPage: 3: Children of Thomas Fones and Anne Winthrop are: i. Dorothy Fones, b. October 24, 1608, Groton Suffolk, England. ii. John Fones, b. 1610, Groton Suffolk, England. iii. Elizabeth Fones, b. January 21, 1610, Groton Suffolk, England; d. 1669, New York. iv. Martha Fones, b. 1611, Groton Suffolk, England v. Ann Fones, b. 1612, Groton Suffolk, England. vi. Samuel Fones, b. 1616.#S984 Page: 4: 10. Elizabeth Fones was born January 21, 1610 in Groton Suffolk England, and died 1669 in New York.
There is an entry for her at Findagrave which includes a map of her burying place. http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=35798902
- WikiTree profile Fones-42 created through the import of Lupton file.ged on Jul 7, 2011 by Kim Ostermyer. See the Changes page for the details of edits by Kim and others.
- Wikipedia <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elizabeth_Fones />
- Williams, Alicia Crane, Lead Genealogist. Early Families of New England (AmericanAncestors.org, New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2013) Elizabeth (Fones)(Winthrop)(Feake) Hallett
- S1051: The Thomas Book Title: Lawrence Buckley Thomas, The Thomas Book: Giving the Genealogies of Sir Rhys ap Thomas, K.G., the Thomas Family Descended from him , and some Allied Families (New York City: Henry T. Thomas Company, 1896)
- S199: Ancestry.com Title: Dominique Z. Delphine, CABLE-BUCHER-HAWBAKER-ULERY-KESTER-PRIEST - STAFFORD - SCANLAND-PRICE - HAPNER.
- S978: The Genealogy of Walter Gilbert Title: The Genealogy of Walter Gilbert, Ancestors: The Ninth Generation Back, John Bowne, Hannah Feake (http://wwww.otal.umd.edu/~walt/gen/htmfile/590.htm) Walter Gilbert, accessed 28 Aug 2007 Note: Sources used within this 1. Encyclopedia of Quaker Genealogy, 1750-1930, vol. III, pp. 39-43; "New York Monthly Meeting" 2. New England Historical and Genealogical Register, vol. 55, Jan. 1901, pp. 300-1, in an article titled "New York Settlers from New England" 3. Bunker, Mary Powell; Long Island Genealogies, Joel Munsell's Sons, Publishers. Albany, NY, 1895. (as found on CD-ROM: Tracking Down Our Family Heritage) 4. Ancestry of Timothy Titus Robbins, assembled by Gayle Ellingsworth on Ancestry.com
- S979: The Genealogy of Walter Gilbert Title: The Genealogy of Walter Gilbert, Ancestors: The Tenth Generation Back, Robert Feake, Elizabeth Fones (http://wwww.otal.umd.edu/~walt/gen/htmfile/590.htm) Walter Gilbert, accessed 28 Aug 2007 Page: 3: Children of Thomas Fones and Anne Winthrop are: i. Dorothy Fones, b. October 24, 1608, Groton Suffolk, England. ii. John Fones, b. 1610, Groton Suffolk, England. iii. Elizabeth Fones, b. January 21, 1610, Groton Suffolk, England; d. 1669, New York. iv. Martha Fones, b. 1611, Groton Suffolk, England v. Ann Fones, b. 1612, Groton Suffolk, England. vi. Samuel Fones, b. 1616.
- Wikipedia Elizabeth Fones Winthrop Feake Hallett: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elizabeth_Fones
- ↑ #S199
- ↑ #S979
- ↑ #S984 Page: 3: Children of Thomas Fones and Anne Winthrop are: i. Dorothy Fones, b. October 24, 1608, Groton Suffolk, England. ii. John Fones, b. 1610, Groton Suffolk, England. iii. Elizabeth Fones, b. January 21, 1610, Groton Suffolk, England; d. 1669, New York. iv. Martha Fones, b. 1611, Groton Suffolk, England v. Ann Fones, b. 1612, Groton Suffolk, England. vi. Samuel Fones, b. 1616.
- ↑ #S984 Page: 4: 10.
- 2 DEC 1631 Watertown, Middlesex, Massachusetts to Robert Feake<ref>[[#S199]]</li>
<li id="_note-4">[[#_ref-4|↑]] [[#S984]] </li> <li id="_note-5">[[#_ref-5|↑]] [[#S199]]</li> <li id="_note-6">[[#_ref-6|↑]] [[#S979]]</li><li id="_note-7">[[#_ref-7|↑]] [[#S984]] </li></ol></ref>
Missy Wolfe, Insubordinate spirit : a true story of life and loss in earliest America, 1610-1665. Guilford, Conn. : Globe Pequot Press, 2012.
(And there is Anya Seton's excellent historical novel about Elizabeth, The Winthrop Woman, published by Houghton Mifflin (Boston, MA) in 1958 and reissued in 2014, which offers a variety of insights into Elizabeth's life in England and the New World.)
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