Michel Haché

Michel Haché

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Michel Haché aka Larcher, dit Gallant
Born about in Saint-Pierre (near present-day St. Peter's, Cape Breton, Nova Scotia) on Île-Royalemap [uncertain]
Brother of
Husband of — married in Beaubassin, Nova Scotia, Canadamap
Died in Port Lajoye, Prince Edward Island, Canadamap
Last profile change on 17 November 2014
19:33: Roland Arsenault proposed a merge of Larche-Hache dit Gallant-1 and Haché-60 with a comment. [Thank Roland for this]
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Categories: Acadians.

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Contents

Biographie

(English version below)

"Selon l'abbé Patrice Gallant, son ancêtre Michel Haché (ou Larcher) dit Gallant serait le fils naturel de Pierre Larcher, originaire de la paroisse de Saint-Pierre de la ville de Montdidier, en Picardie (actuellement dans le département de Somme). Michel était établi à Beaubassin dès 1682. [1]

Michel épousa Anne Cormier, fille de Thomas Cormier et de Marie-Madeleine Girouard, vers 1682.[2] Au moment de son mariage il était capitaine de milice de la côte de Beaubassin.[3]Le couple s'installe dans une ferme proche de la famille d'Anne à Ouescoque (Amherst Point, Nouvelle Écosse).[4]

Entre vers 1691 et 1716, Michel et Anne a eu 12 enfants: Michel, Joseph, Marie, Jean-Baptiste, Charles, Pierre, Anne, Marguerite, François, Marie-Madeleine, Jacques, et Louise.[2]

En 1720, la famille furent la première famille acadienne à s'établir à l'île Saint-Jean (île du Prince-Édouard).[1] Ils se sont installés à Port-La-Joie (près de Charlottetown), qui venait tout juste d’être fondé. Michel fut nommé capitaine du port de Port-La-Joie vers cette époque. Michel et Anne et “comptaient parmi les colons les plus respectés de l’endroit”.[3]

Michel se noya dans l'embouchure de la rivière du Nord, le 10 avril 1737.[1]

Biography

(version française ci-dessus)

"According to Fr. Patrice Gallant, his ancestor Michel Haché (or Larcher) dit [i.e., known as] Gallant was probably[5] the illegitimate son of Pierre Larcher, from the Parish of Saint-Pierre in the town of Montdidier, in Picardy (nowadays in the Department of Somme). Michel had settled at Beaubassin by 1682.[6]

Michel married Anne Cormier, daughter of Thomas Cormier and Marie-Madeleine Girouard, around 1690. Michel was a Militia Captain of the Beaubassin shore.[3] The couple settled on a farm close to Anne's family at Ouescoque (Amherst Point, NS).[4] Between about 1691 and 1716, Michel et Anne had 12 children: Michel, Joseph, Marie, Jean-Baptiste, Charles, Pierre, Anne, Marguerite, François, Marie-Madeleine, Jacques, and Louise.[2]

In 1720, they were the first Acadian family to settle on Île Saint-Jean (Prince Edward Island).[6]

Michel Haché dit Gallant drowned by falling through the ice[3] at the mouth of the North River on April 10, 1737.[6][2]

John Clifford Gallant developed quite a thorough essay on what is known about Michel Haché dit Gallant, published in 1998 through the Island Register: see "Life and Times of Michel Haché-Gallant" at http://www.islandregister.com/biograph.html[1] (accessed July 2013). There are several other summary accounts of the man's bio online.

I (J. deRoche) highly recommend the historical novel by Melvin Gallant, 2009, Le Métis de Beaubassin -- see [2] -- in which Michel H-G is the principal character, during his years at Beaubassin, from his youth around 1677 (when he first arrived there as assistant and as de facto foster son of the seigneur, Michel Le Neuf de La Vallière) until his mature middle-age in 1720, when he and his family left British-held Acadia for Port La Joye (just outside present-day Charlottetown), on the French-held Île Saint-Jean (now the Canadian province of Prince Edward Island). A draft English translation of this novel has been completed (mid-2013) and is undergoing revision in hopes of publication.

Discussion

Location of Birth. It is unclear whether Michel himself was born at Montdidier, Somme, Picardie, France (presumed origin of his father) or at the fishery establishment of Nicolas Denys at Saint-Pierre (near present-day St. Peter's, Cape Breton, Nova Scotia) on Île-Royale (c. 1690-1992). Also, the attribution of Adrienne L'Anglois as his mother -- that was done by an unnamed person through an import to Wikifile. That portrait had been "orphaned" & I adopted it Jul 2013, but I do not assert its veracity & so far, I leave the question of Michel's mother's identity as an open question.- J.deR.

Timeline

c1662 birth
24 Apr 1668 baptism: "In the year 1668 the 24th of April in the parish of Three Rivers Monseignor Francois Jolin performed the functions...of baptism...for a male child named Michel age of 8 years born in Acadia...the father was a frenchman and the mother an Eskimaude...the godfather is Messieur de la Poterie and the godmother is Mademoiselle de la valiere."[7] Eskimos did not exist in Canada at the time so the potential alternate mother was more likely Mik'maq. A reference to Michel's potential alternate mother may also be found in the "Life and Times of Michel Haché-Gallant" at http://www.islandregister.com/biograph.html[3] (accessed June 2014).
1686 residence, Beaubassin
1687 War of the League of Augsburg (King William’s War) starts between England and France[8]
c1690 marriage to Anne Cormier
c1691 birth, son Michel
c1693 birth, son , Joseph
1693 residence, Beaubassin (Ouescoque)
c1694 birth, daughter Marie
c1696 birth, son Jean-Baptiste
1696 Benjamin Church raids Beaubassin. Once the English ships were seen, the inhabitants fled, carrying their more valuable possessions. Church “…stayed nine days and in his own account …admitted that the settlers’ ”cattle sheep, hogs, and dogs” were left ”lying dead about their houses, chopped and hacked with hatches". The church and some of the houses were also burnt. [8]
1697 Treaty of Ryswick restores Acadia to France; Port-Royal is its capital[9]
1698 residence, Beaubassin (Ouescoque)
c1698 birth, son Charles
1700 residence, Beaubassin (Ouescoque)
c1701 birth, son Pierre
1702 War of the Spanish Succession (Queen Anne’s War) starts between England and France[9]
c1703 birth, daughter Anne
1704: Church raids Beaubassin again: “The Acadians were in arms and an indecisive skirmish ensued. After the Acadians retreated into the woods, Church and his men found that the inhabitants had removed as much of their household and farm goods as possible. Church set the buildings on fire [20]and killed about 100 cattle before leaving to return to Boston” [8]
1714 residence, Beaubassin (Ouescoque)
1714-15: New English King requires oaths of allegiance. Delegates from Beaubassin sign a conditional oath of allegiance, promising to stay true to the King of Great Britain for as long as they stayed in Nova Scotia, and to remain neutral in the event of a conflict between France and Great Britain
c1716 birth, daughter Louise
1720 and onward: Acadians refuse to sign an unconditional oath of allegiance. This is tolerated by the British as they lack military means to enforce the oath.[10]
1719-20 French Comte de Saint-Pierre is granted a monopoly on Île Saint-Jean of the fisheries, naval construction, trade and agriculture by King Louis XV. The comte requests one hundred settlers from France the first year and fifty each following year. A year later, settlers, provisions and fishermen from France arrive. Acadian settlers soon follow.[11]
1720 Michel and Ann move with Louise, Jacques, Madeleine and François to the French territory of Port La-Joie, 'île Saint-Jean.
1724-34 The Comte de Saint Pierre's company is bankrupt. The French settlers return to France along with the garrison. The island is repatriated as a crown colony and then returns to the French royal domain, administered by Louisbourg.
1728-35 residence, Port La-Joie, île Saint-Jean
1737 Death, rivière du Nord, île Saint-Jean; burial Port-La-Joie[12]

Sources

  • 1686 Acadian Census at Beaubassin: Michel LENEUF Sr. de la Vallière, seigneur of Beaubassin 45; children: Alexandre 20, Jacques 17,Marie-Josephe 15. Jean- Baptiste 12, Juditte 10, Michel 8, Marguerite 6, Barbe 4; servants: Francois LEGER 55, GABRIEL 20, Michel LARCHE 22, Marie LAGASSE 16; and Me. PERTUIS, gunsmith; 70 guns, 60 arpents, 19 cattle, 22 sheep, 12 hogs.
  • 1693 Acadian Census at Beaubassin: Michel HACHE 30, Anne CORMIER his wife 19, Michel 1-1/2, Joseph 2 months; 13 cattle, 10 sheep, 6 hogs, 1 gun.
  • 1698 Acadian census at Beaubassin: Michel HACHE 36; Anne CORMIER (wife) 25; Michel 7; Joseph 5; Marie 4; Jean-Bap. 2; 12 cattle, 12 sheep, 5 hogs, 18 arpents, 1 gun.
  • 1700 Acadian census at Beaubassin: Michel HACHE 38; Anne CORMIER (wife) 27; Michel 9; Joseph 7; Jean 4; Charles 2; Marie 6; 18 cattle, 23 sheep, 7 hogs, 20 arpents, 1 gun.
  • 1714 Acadian census at Beaubassin: Michel HACHE and Anne CORMIER his spouse; the widow Cormier; Children: Joseph, Marie, Jean-Baptiste, Charles, Pierre, Anne, Marguerite, Francois, Magdelaine, Jacques.
  • 1728 Census at Port la Joye île Saint-Jean: Michel Hache Galand, de l’accadie, Farmer and Navigator, Men 1, Women 1, Males over 15 2, Females over 15 1, Females under 15 1, Total 6, Boats or Schooners 2.
  • 1730 Census at Port la Joie île Saint-Jean: Michel Galland, (father), Year of Settlement 1720, Men 1, Women 1, Children 4, Domestics 0, Total Persons 6, Schooners 0, Shallops 0.
  • 1734 Census at Port la Joye, île Saint-Jean: Michel Haché Gallant, Birthplace Acadie, Farmer, Women 1, Boys +11 1, Girls 1, Servants 0, Fisherman 0, Total 5, Cattle 14, Sheep 0, Shallops for Fishing 0, Schooners for fishing 0, Boats for Comm. 0.
  • 1735 Census at Port la Joye, île Saint-Jean: Michel Haché Galland, Birthplace Acadie, Farmer, Women 1, Children 0, Servants 0, Fisherman 0, Total 2, Large livestock 15, Small livestock 0, Shallops for Fishing 0, Schooners for fishing 0, Boats for Comm. 0, Bushels Grain 18.
  • Gallant, Melvin. 2009. Le Métis de Beaubassin: Roman historique. Lévis, QC: Les Éditions de la Francophonie.
  • Keefe-Trainor, Linda. "History of Michel Haché-Gallant" on Gallant Family Website: [4] (site accessed 5 June 2012). Linda Keefe-Trainor notes the following as her sources: Family Tree information gathered from Father Patrice Gallant's book "Michel Hache-Gallant et ses descendants", the late John Gallant's “Descendants of Michel Hache-Gallant” file at the "Island Register ", "McIver Family " book by Ronald McIver (1985), "Gallant Family Reunion " book by Sr. Muriel Gallant (1993) and Mary Turcotte, granddaughter of Clara A. Gallant. [Also:] Special thanks to genealogists Stephen A. White, Gaby Burke-Vienneau, Ron Nelson and Gordy McCarville.[5] (site accessed 5 June 2012).
  • [12] Transcription: On the 17th of July 1737, I the undersigned have buried in this harbor cemetery the body of Michel Hache dit Gallant resident of this harbor who has sunk (drowned) at the mouth of the river "du Nord" this year on the 10th day of April and who was not found until this day.

Footnotes

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 White, Stephen A. La généalogie des trente-sept familles hôtesses des "Retrouvailles 94", Les Cahiers de la Société historique acadienne, vol. 25, nos 2 et 3 (1994). (Haché)
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 White, Stephen A., Patrice Gallant, and Hector-J Hébert. Dictionnaire Généalogique Des Familles Acadiennes. Moncton, N.-B.: Centre D'études Acadiennes, Université De Moncton, 1999, Print, p791-794.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 [http://www.biographi.ca/en/bio/hache_gallant_michel_2E.html Patrice Gallant, HACHÉ-GALLANT, MICHEL, dans Dictionnaire biographique du Canada, vol.2, Université Laval/University of Toronto, 2003– , consulté le 14 déc. 2013.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Surette, Paul. Atlas of the Acadian Settlement of the Beaubassin 1660 to 1755. Tintamarre and Le Lac. Tantramar Heritage Trust. 2005, p 44-45 (parents' Ouesqoque homestead at Amherst Point); p44-45 (marital homestead location).
  5. Note on translation: The French reads "serait" which is the conditional form of the verb, and translates literally as "would be." However, it is French practice to use this conditional form to indicate likelihood-that-the-author-is-not-going-to-swear-as-gospel, or alternatively, to suggest something that is known but that should be put diplomatically. It is standard practice among French journalists, for example. (In the novel mentioned, Melvin Gallant adopts the account that has Michel's mother as Mi'kmaw, dying in giving birth to him at the Nicolas Denys site in Cape Breton.)
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 English translation (J.deR.):White, Stephen A. La généalogie des trente-sept familles hôtesses des "Retrouvailles 94", Les Cahiers de la Société historique acadienne, vol. 25, nos 2 et 3 (1994). (Haché)
  7. Baptism of Michel Hache-Gallant, son of Pierre Larche, 24 Apr 1668 in Trois Rivieres, Quebec. Taken from the: Quebec, Vital and Church Records (Drouin Collection), 1621-1967 at #R2
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 Griffiths, Naomi E.S., From migrant to Acadian : a North-American border people, 1604-1755, Montreal (Québec), McGill-Queen's University Press, 2005, p147-151 (King William’s War); p 164 (1696 Church raid of Beaubassin); p 208 (1704 Church’s Raid on Beaubassin)
  9. 9.0 9.1 Dunn, Brenda. A History of Port Royal / Annapolis Royal 1605-1800. Nimbus Publishing, p 44-45
  10. The Neutrality: Political Context, 1755 Histoire et Les Histoires, University of Moncton
  11. Parks Canada, "Port of Entry", Port-la-Joye-Fort Amherst National Historic Site of Canada. NEED REFERENCE FROM HISTORIAN
  12. 12.0 12.1 Port Lajoye, Ile Saint Jean - Civil Records Taken from Pages 210 & 211 taken from the Registres & Photographies Aux Archives D'Ottawa, Ontario and recorded in "Acadia, Canada, Vital & Church Records (Drouin Collection)" at #R2.







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Images: 5
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Beaubassin area & locale of Michel Haché-Gallant & Anne Cormier homestead
Beaubassin area & locale of Michel Haché-Gallant & Anne Cormier homestead

Trantramar marshes area - Strait of Chignecto, NB/NS border map [date?] Comments: 0. WikiTree Popularity: 1.


 


Cover of Melvin Gallant's novel about Michel Haché- Gallant
Cover of Melvin Gallant's novel about Michel Haché- Gallant

[location?] [date?] Comments: 1. WikiTree Popularity: 1.


 


Port LaJoye - home of Michel Haché-Gallant & Anne Cormier & family after 1720
Port LaJoye - home of Michel Haché-Gallant & Anne Cormier & family after 1720

Fort Amerst historic park at Port LaJoye (Rocky Point) near Charlottetown PEI map [date?] Comments: 1. WikiTree Popularity: 1.


 


Michel Haché Death & Burial
Michel Haché Death & Burial

Port Lajoye, Riviere du Nord, Ile St--Jean (PEI), Canada map July 17, 1737 Comments: 0. WikiTree Popularity: 1.


 


Baptism of Michel Hache-Gallant, son of Pierre L'Arche, 24 Apr 1668 in Trois Rivieres, Quebec
Baptism of Michel Hache-Gallant, son of Pierre L'Arche, 24 Apr 1668 in Trois Rivieres, Quebec

Trois Rivieres, Quebec, Canada, Immaculee-Conception, Cathedral L'Assomption map April 24, 1668 Comments: 0. WikiTree Popularity: 1.


 


Collaboration

On November 18, 2014 at 00:33GMT Roland Arsenault wrote:

Larche-Hache dit Gallant-1 and Haché-60 appear to represent the same person because: Same details and relatives.




H  >  Haché  >  Michel Haché