James Hamilton

James Hamilton

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James "1st Earl of Arran" Hamilton
Born about in Cadzow, Scotlandmap
Husband of — married to [location unknown]
Husband of — married [location unknown]
Died about in Kinneil, Scotlandmap
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James Hamilton 1st Lord Hamilton,6th Laird of Cadzow 1415-1479




James Hamilton, 1st Lord Hamilton was born circa 1415.[1] He was the son of Sir James Hamilton, 5th of Cadzow and Janet Livingston.[2],[3]

He married, firstly, Lady Eupheme Graham, daughter of Patrick Graham, Earl of Strathearn and Eupheme Stewart, Countess of Caithness, after 25 February 1440/41.[4]

He married, secondly, Mary Stewart, Princess of Scotland, daughter of James II Stewart, King of Scotland and Marie van Egmont-Gelre, between February 1474 and April 1474.

Dispensation from the Pope was granted 25 April 1476, thereby legitimising the two children already born.[4]

He was invested as a Privy Counsellor in Scotland in 1440.[2] He was created 1st Lord Hamilton on 28 June 1445, or possibly on 3 July 1445.[1], [2]

In 1455 he joined the Douglas revolt against King James II of Scotland, then he went over to the King's side and helped to suppress it.[3] He held the office of Sheriff of Lanarkshire on 1 July 1455.[3] He was on various embassies to England between 1461 and 1472.[2]

He died on 6 November 1479.[5]

Child of James Hamilton, 1st Lord Hamilton and Lady Eupheme Graham

Elizabeth Hamilton+[3] b. bt 1442 - 1443, d. a Mar 1517

Children of James Hamilton, 1st Lord Hamilton and Mary Stewart, Princess of Scotland

Hon. Elizabeth Hamilton+[6] d. a Apr 1531
Hon. Robert Hamilton, Seigneur d'Aubigny[7] d. 1543
James Hamilton, 1st Earl of Arran+[6] b. c 1475, d. bt 26 Mar 1529 - 21 Jul 1529

Child of James Hamilton, 1st Lord Hamilton and Janet Calderwood

John Hamilton of Broomhill+[8] b. b 1479, d. c 1550

Born May 16, 1423 in Cadzow Castle, Lanarkshire, Scotland[citation needed]

Was a Scottish nobleman, scholar and politician

James Hamilton was the son of James Hamilton of Cadzow, 5th Laird of Cadzow. He was born at Cadzow Castle South Lanarkshire. He first appears on record on a charter of 1426, granting him the rights to the lands of Dalserf, which had been alienated by his father.

Douglas Connection

Hamilton was intimately connected with the powerful House of Douglas his mother was a daughter of the Douglas Lord of Dalkeith and also through his marriage in 1439/1440 with Lady Euphemia Graham the youthful widow of Archibald Douglas 5th Earl of Douglas and daughter of Euphemia Stewart Countess of Strathearn,James Hamilton became stepfather to the young William Douglas 6th Earl of Douglas, his brother David, both who would be murdered in November 1440 at the 'Black Dinner' at Edinburgh Castle in the presence of James II of Scotland Furthermore he was the stepfather of Margaret Douglas known as the "Fair Maid of Galloway", who was to marry her cousins William Douglas 8th Earl of Douglas, and James Douglas 9th Earl of Douglas.

Laird o' Cadzow to Lord Hamilton

Prior to 1440 he achieved the status of Knighthood, and c. 1440/1441 he inherited his father's estates. In 1445, Hamilton received letters patent creating him a Lord of Parliament. This charter raised all his estates into the entail of that rank, with its Capital Messuage at the Orchard, (later Hamilton Palace), at Cadzow. Furthermore the charter stated that henceforth the lands would be known as Hamilton as they are today.

Hamilton accompanied his stepson in law, the 8th Earl of Douglas, to Rome in 1450, and there obtained permission from the Holy See to convert the Parish Church at the new burgh of Hamilton into a Collegiate Establishment, with endowments for a Provost and six Canons

Royal Displeasure

Hamilton is thought to have accompanied the Earl of Douglas to his fatal meeting with James II at Stirling Castle in 1452. He was certainly with the 9th Earl of Douglas, a month after the murder and following the King's ravaging of Douglasdale and Hamilton's lands in Clydesdale. A concord was reached between the King and the Douglas faction at Douglas Castle, in August 1452 that was to last until 1455. In 1453, Hamilton was in England, again with the 9th Earl of Douglas, arranging the release of his brother in law,Malise Graham Earl of Strathearn. For this action Strathearn granted Hamilton the lands of Elliestoun in Linlithgowshire. Hamilton was again in London the following year, but was back in Scotland by February 1455.

Siege of Abercorn and the fall of the Black Douglas

In March 1455, King James took to the field against Douglas, sacking his properties and burning his crops. Hamilton's lands, he being a partisan of the Douglases, were also particularly devastated. James turned his attention to the mighty Douglas stronghold of Abercorn Castle and set about besieging it Douglas mustered his men from Douglasdale, Galloway and the Forest Hamilton, his levies from Clydesdale. The troops marched to raise the siege, but the Earl of Douglas' indecision on a plan of attack is said to have perplexed Hamilton, and cause him to withdraw his support for the Douglas cause Hamilton changed sides and became a partisan of the Royal party there is evidence to suggest that Hamilton's uncle, James Livingstone, 1st Lord Livingston had a part in this change of heart. Douglas fled to England, his Castle of Abercorn was slighted, two of his brothers died at and following the Battle of Arkinholm finally Douglas' great fortalice of Threave Castle fell and Douglas was attainted, all his enormous patrimony forfeit.

Return to Favour

Following the collapse of the Douglas rebellion, Hamilton was warded at Roslin Castle in Midlothian for a short while as recompense for his Volte-Face, Hamilton was created Sheriff of Lanark, in July 1455, and certain of the Earl of Douglas' forfeited lands were made over to him. These, and his existing lands, being confirmed in Royal charters of October that year the Barony of Hamilton was increased to include the lands of Drumsergard, Cessford, Kinneil etc., and carefully entailed to whosoever might bear the name and Chief arms of Hamilton. Hamilton was made Bailie of the Priory of Lesmahagow, a Douglas foundation, and was granted the privilege of the lands of Finnart. Hamilton's new patron was the new Lord of Douglas,George Douglas 4th Earl of Angus, the head of the "Red line" of the House of Douglas, and a supporter of the King.

Marriage and Issue

Hamilton married first, Lady Euphemia Graham, daughter of Patrick Graham, de jure Earl of Strathearn and Euphemia Stewart, Countess of Strathearn and widow of Archibald Douglas, 5th Earl of Douglas. They had a daughter:

Elizabeth Hamilton (c. 1442 – c. 1517), who married David Lindsay, 1st Duke of Montrose

He married secondly Princess Mary Stewart of Scotland daughter of James II of Scotland and widow of Thomas Boyd Earl of Arran by Princess Mary, Hamilton had three children:

Elizabeth Stewart - married Matthew Stewart 2nd Earl of Lennox. Her descendants included James I of England & VI of Scotland.

James Hamilton 1st Earl of Arran

Illegitimate children included Sir Patrick Hamilton of Kincavil, father of Master Patrick Hamilton, burnt for heresy in 1528 and a Protestant martyr. Lord Hamilton also had a daughter who married Sir John MacFarlane, 11th chief of Clan MacFarlane. John Hamilton of Broomhill (d. c. 1550), another illegitimate child of James, 1st Lord Hamilton, was by Janet Calderwood. In 1512 John's birth was legitimized. His grandson, James Hamilton, notably served as Sheriff of Perthshire, and his descendants became the Lords Belhaven and Stenton. Another illegitimate child by Janet Calderwood was David Hamilton, Bishop of Argyll and commendator of Dryburgh Abbey.

Disputed Marriage and Children

Most sources agree that Beatrix Drummond was not the wife of James Hamilton, however, there are some sources that disagree.[9] There are also disagreements among which wife sired which child. ThePeerage.com lists John and Margaret as children of Beatrix, other sources list just Margaret, and John as the son of Janet.

He succeeded to the title of 2nd Lord Hamilton on 6 November 1479. He fought in the naval expedition by Denmark against Sweden in 1502. He was invested as a Privy Counsellor in 1503. He was created 1st Earl of Arran on 11 August 1503. He was commanded of a Scottish fleet against England, but accomplished nothing in 1513. He held the office of a Lord of Regency in 1517. He fought in the Battle of Linlithgow on 4 September 1526, where he commanded the army for the King against Lennox.

Death dates are uncertain, and have been listed as 1529 or 1532.

Per Peerage.com- Divergent with Buchan-hepburn page -
James Hamilton, 1st Earl of Arran was born circa 1475.1 He was the son of James Hamilton, 1st Lord Hamilton and Mary Stewart, Princess of Scotland. He married, firstly, Elizabeth Home, daughter of Alexander Home, 2nd Lord Home and Nichole Ker, before 28 April 1490.2 He and Elizabeth Home were divorced on 16 November 1504 on the grounds that her first husband, Thomas Hay, previously thought dead, was in fact still alive at the time of her marriage to James.2 He married, secondly, Janet Bethune, daughter of Sir David Bethune, 1st of Creich and Janet Duddingston, between 11 November 1516 and 23 November 1516.2 He died between 26 March 1529 and 21 July 1529 at Kinneil, Scotland.2

Various websites including Ancestry.com trees, FamilySearch.org, Rootsweb, and more.

Type: New Source Type
CNTC Angela Lady Buchan Hepburn of Smeaton and Hepburn
Date: Obtained digital photo in Lady Hepburn?s house (Grander?s Cottage) July 2009
DATV July 2009 hand written
Title: Descent of Sir Archibald banister Buchan-Hepburn of Smeaton - hepburn near Prestonkirk and letham Houseco. Haddington, Baronet from henry III and Edward III, Kings of England and james II of Scotland

Source S84
Type: Internet / posting board / e-mail
Text: Burkes Peerage and Landed Gentry from site :
Source S85
Type: Web Site
Title: www.royalist.info/execute/biog?person=570

Note N380
Earl of Arran and lord of Bothwell
Listed as ?James? on ?Royalist website
Source: #S84
Source: #S85


DNA: Y-Chromosome Haplogroup


All male line descendants of this person will be the same.

For an explanation of Y chromosome testing for genealogy purposes see Wikipedia at


Note STR patterns can be used to predict a haplogroup wheresas specific SNP testing

accurately defines a haplogroup. The current approved haplotree can be found at


and the current haplogroup designations against specific SNPs can be found at





  1. 1.0 1.1 Alison Weir, Britain's Royal Families: The Complete Genealogy (London, U.K.: The Bodley Head, 1999), page 224.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume VI, page 254.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 Mosley, Charles, editor. Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 106th edition, 2 volumes. Crans, Switzerland: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 1999. Volume 1, page 4.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume VI, page 255.
  5. Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume VI, page 256.
  6. 6.0 6.1 Sir James Balfour Paul, The Scots Peerage: founded on Wood's edition of Sir Robert Douglas's The Peerage of Scotland (Edinburgh, Scotland: David Douglas, 1904), volume I, page 19.
  7. Alison Weir, Britain's Royal Families, page 234.
  8. Mosley, Charles, editor. Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, 107th edition, 3 volumes. Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.A.: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 2003. Volume 1, page 326.
  9. [[http://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Hamilton,_James_(1477%3F-1529)_(DNB00)WikiSource quoting Various Peerage records.
  10. The House of Hamilton by George Hamilton. Skinner and Co., Edinburgh. 1933. p11.

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On April 13, 2014 at 07:55GMT Sir William Arbuthnot wrote:

Hamilton-7026 and Hamilton-1215 do not represent the same person because: Arran is son. Of Hamilton who is 6 lord cadzow

On January 22, 2014 at 03:59GMT Jacques Pictet wrote:

Husband of Elizabeth Home — married 1490 to 1506 [marriage location?]

Husband of Elizabeth Home — married 1501 in Home, , Berwick, Scotlandmap Husband of Janet Beaton — married November 23, 1516 in , , Isle Arran, Scotland

On January 1, 2014 at 05:18GMT Amanda Pitts wrote:

On December 24, 2013 at 12:33GMT Rhian Geleick wrote:

James Hamilton of Torrance does not appear to be a son of James Hamilton First Earl of Aran.

James Hamilton of Torrance had a daughter Marion, no clue to his wife yet. This father should be removed. The son James of the Earl of Arran married Elizabeth Lindsay/Home and Beatrix Drummond and did not have a child Marion.

On December 24, 2013 at 12:15GMT Rhian Geleick wrote:

The proposed merge with (Hamilton-6411) is a mentor merge with a new member, he may need advice or help.

On December 24, 2013 at 12:12GMT Rhian Geleick wrote:

Removed his mother as she should be his wife, the date of birth is incorrect and unsourced. If you need help with this please ask me or Terry the other Profile Manager.

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