- Mark Hardin's Profile
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No proof has been found that Mark Hardin's wife was named Mary Hogue. She was named Mary as shown in documents, but her maiden name has not been proven. For this reason, he is shown as being married to Mary Unknown. She was certainly not "Marie".
- Questionable data re Mark Hardin:
- Martin Hardwyn and wife Madeleine du Sauchoy had a baby son, Mark, baptized 26 Mar 1681 in Staten Island New York. Said to be named for his grandfather Marcus du Sauchoy, who was a sponsor. However, there is nothing definite to link this baby to the Mark Hardin who was in Northumberland Co VA in 1707.
- From "Breckinridge County" article in Kentucky Genealogy & Bilogy, Volume 1, editor: T.W.Westerfield: Came to America after massacre of St. Bartholomew; forced to flee from France because of Huguenot principles. [Possibly more tradition than fact.]
- According to information on the Spainhour home page his parentage usually given as Martin Hardewyn and Madeleine du Sauchoy is not proven but based on likelihood and circumstance. His baptismal date is for their son but no definite proof is found that this baby was the Mark Hardin later found in Virginia. Other contemporary researchers concur that there is not proof.
- It is much more likely that Mark Hardin is part of several Harding families found living in Northumberland Co VA and was never Hugenot, nor part of the Hardewyns in New York.
The records of Mark Hardin follow.
- Virginia Colonial Abstracts; Beverly Fleet; Vol of 3 Vol - originally 34 Vol. Reprint Genealogical Pub Co. Inc.; Baltimore; 1988
- Northumbria Collectanea, 1645-1720 p.497f; from Order & Record books
- Cumins, Alexr er als. Deed 7 Apr 1707 Alexander Cumming & Sarah hs wife, Henry Robinson & Mary his wife, Henry Bryan & Elizabeth his wife. All of Wicco parish sell to Mark Harding of same, for 5000# tobo, 50 acres.
- Robert Burrell late of N. Co. dec'd sold on 6 Dec 1699 to Valentine Munslow & Paul Littlefield, a neck of land in sd par, adj land where Burrell lived, which Muslow sold 11 Feb 1678/9 to Paul Littlefield who assigned it on 19th of sd Feb to Jno Lyinum/Lenham/Lynum who with his wife Jane, the 9th Feb 1685/6 sold it to John Multon or Muttoone, late of N Co dec'd and the sd John died without will and no male heirs, the land descended to his daughters Sarah Cumings, Mary Robinson, and Elizabeth Bryan. The land adj that of Tho Berry & Patience his wife. Signed by 6 parties. Wit: Timothy Higgins, John Champion.
- Harding, Mark of Wicco parish, carpenter. He re-records deed 20 Jun 1711 17.116
- [Mark and his wife Mary are said to have sold this land on Nov 14, 1720 and she released her dower rights.]
- Mark Harden. His runaway servant ret'd by Wm Barnes of Maryland 2 Sep 1715 6.135
- Northern Neck Grants 5, 1713-1719, #93, p.162
- Mark Harding, 94 acres in Richmond Co, 3 Dec 1716
- Mark Harding of Northumberland Co. Grant for 94 acres in Richmond Co surveyed by William Thornton near the great Marsh commonly called Rappahannock Marsh. Begin West side of a swamp in Wm. Russell's line ...James Haggard's line. Haggard's corner, Russell's corner, along Russell's line.
- Northern Neck Grants 5, #153, p.271
- Mark Harding, 122 1/2 acres, Hanover Parish, Richmond Co, 4 Jun 1716
- Mark Harding of Northumberland. Warrant issued 3 Dec 1716 and surveyed by Capt. Edward Barrow [There is a discrepancy in the dates of issue of the warrant and the grant itself. One must be an error. The grant can only be issued after the warrant has been issued for the survey and the survey completed.] Tract on the northward most Marsh, Jeffrey Johson's land, Charles Emmons corner.
- Small survey sketches have survived for both these tracts. The Rappahannock River still is in the county of King George which was formed from Richmond. The first sketch does show the land bordering a wide stream.
- Virginia Co Court Records
- Order Book Abstracts of King George Co VA 1721-1723
- Ruth & Sam Sparacio 1992
- p.81 5 Apr 1723
- James Canon brought before the court by Warrant under hands of Wm Thornton, Gent one of his Majesties Justices of the Peace for this County and arrested for Stealing a Wolfes Head out of a trap belonging to Mark Hardin in Spotsylvania Co. Upon examination of evidence doth order that he be discharged, paying fees, etc.
- Mar 4 1722/23, Mark Hardin received a Virginia patent of 642 acres in Stafford Co VA, now stating his residency as King George County. [King George formed from Richmond Co 1721.] The warrant was issued 3 Jul "last" [presumably 1722] and surveyed by Capt. Thomas Hooper on 15 Dec. The tract was on the Northwest branches of Elk Run, Muddy Hole branch, adjacent Joshua Butler. Northern Neck Grant Book A, p.12.
- Another patent issed three days later to John Windwright of Stafford Co was for 295 acres as the assignee of Mark Harding of King George Co. The warrent had issued on 10 Dec and Hooper had also surveyed this tract. The land was on a branch of Elk Run called Muddy Hole branch. NN Grant Book A, p.16
- VIRGINIA'S COLONIAL SOLDIERS; Lloyd DeWitt Bockstruck, 1988, Genealogy Publishing Co., 3rd Printing 1998.
- p.20 County Militia Rosters King George County
- 6 Nov 1724 Mark Hardin, M. C. [military commission]
- The formation of these counties mentioned above:
- Northumberland formed in 1645.
- Westmoreland Co formed 1653 from Northumberland.
- Stafford formed 1664 from Westmoreland.
- King George Co formed 1721 from Richmond & Westmoreland
- Prince William formed 1730 from King George Co and Stafford Co.
- Fauquier formed 1759 from Prince William Co.
- Another Northern Neck patent was issued to Mark Harding on 31 Jul 1724 in King George Co. The warrant had issued 13 Mar last [presumably earlier in 1724] and was surveyed by John Savage on 20 Apr. This tract was 232 acres on the East side of a Run called Dutchman's; and joined the land of Alexander Beach, Joshua Butler, and Benjamin Berryman, and Harding's own land. NN Grant A, p.56
- The day before, on 30 Jul 1724, Alexander Clemment had received a patent in Stafford Co for 354 on the North side of Elk Run, adjoining the line of Mark Harding, Danl Feagins line, and the meanders of Elk Run. NN Grant A, p.55
- [One of the streams within the present boundaries of Fauquier Co has been called Horsepen Run, Marrs Run, and Dutchman's Run - it drains into Marsh Run, then the Rappahannock. This area is in the Southern tip of the county. Elk Run, however, is a bit further East, draining in the other direction toward the Occaquan River.]
- Mark Hardin was apparently still buying land in King George Co near his earlier patents, although he had made purchases on Elk Run in Stafford Co. Looking up patents for Alexander Beach, Joshua Butler, and Benjamin Berryman named in Hardin's patent dated 31 Jul 1724, I discovered that they had patents in the area of the great Marsh. Beach's patent dated 15 Dec 1719 for 400 acres names the Marsh Run formerly known as Horsepen run but now called Marrs Run; his boundaries adjoined those of his own land, Charles Morgan, Morgan Darnelle, Edward Price, Alexander Scott, Mark Harding and William Russell. Butler's patent of 29 Jul 1715, mentioned the Marsh, Charles Emmons, Horsepen run, and William Russell. Berryman's patent of 5 Mar 1717, began near the Marsh on the upper side of Jeffrey Johnson.
- Land Records of King George Co VA 1721-1743
- Sue Ann Damron, Willow Bend Books, 1999
- p.5 Bk 1: 31 Deed of L&R Alexander Beach, Hanover Parish, to Charles Morgan. 150a bounded by lands of Edward Price, Morgan Darnall, Alexander Scot, Mark Harden. 2 Nov 1721
- p.35 Bk 1:309 Deed of L&R 27 Aug 1725 Alxdr Beach of Stafford to Timothy Reading of King George. 456a upon the road branch of the run issuing out of the side of Marsh Run. Bounded by Alexander Beach, Charles Morgan, Morgan Darnall, Edward Price,, Alxdr Scott, Mark Harding, & Wm Russell
- p.46 Bk 1: 362 Deeds of Lease & Release 16 & 17 Jun 1726 Mark Hardin of Hanover Parish planter to Richard Buckner of Essex Co and Wm Strother & Thomas Turner, both of King George. 92a whereon the sd Mark Hardin dwells. Signed: Mark Hardin
- Wit: Archibald McPherson, Wm Brent, Eliz. Stidston, Jean Bowers. Rec. 1 Jul 1726
- Bk 1: 363 For Two Negro slaves & two white servants each to have five years to serve, for 92A where Mark Hardin now dwelleth. Mary, wife of Mark, relinq dower & thirds through attorney Charles Seale. REc. 1 Jul 1726
- Bk 1: 365 Bond 17 Jun 1726 Mark Hardin bound to Richard Buckner, William Strother & Thomas Turner in sum of 300# sterling. If agreements in indentures are observed, obligation to be void.
- Bk1:366 P of A 17 Jun 1726. Mary Hardin, wife of Mark, authorizes Charles Seale to relinq her right of dower in land sold to Richard Buckner, Wm Strother & Thomas Turner. Wit: Timothy Reading, Wm Harkney. Rec. 1 Jul 1726
- Bk 1: 366 Deed 17 Jun 1726 Richard Buckner, Wm Strother & Thomas Turner have purchased of Mark Hardin 92a. Mutially agree that they nor their heirs shall take any advantage of survivorship after the death of any of them. The heirs or assigns of either of them shall inherit & enjoy the right of property
- p.48 Bk 1: 374 Deed of L&R 30 Jun 1726 Timothy Reading to Thomas Turner, 300a adj land whereon Mark Hardin dwells
- p.51 Bk 1: 395 Surveys made by John Savage in King George Co from 1722 to Jun 1726 20 Apr 1724 for Mark Hardin, 230a join'g to Berrymans land, Beache's land, land of Joshua Butler, and the sd Hardin's land on a run called Dutchmans Run
- 28 Apr 1730 Deed from King George Co Thomas Riphley sold 259 acres to William McBee. 2000#'s of tobacco. All that tract of land taken up by Grace Riphley alias Butler, now wife of said Thomas Riphley, in the time of her widowhood, 14 Jul 1727. Land bounded by William Russell, Joshua Butler & Joseph King. Head of a savannah of Elk Run, Mark Hardins land. Wit: John Wright, Charles Morgan. Ack. 1 May 1730.
- Mark Hardin's boundaries and neighbors were also mentioned when William McBee sold this tract a few months later.
- Notice that this deed mentions William Russell, who was adjacent Mark Hardin in Richmond Co in 1716 and Joshua Butler, who was named as adjacent to Mark Hardin's patent of 642 acres in Stafford. Apparently Russell also owned land in both places. or this is all near the same location.
- Prince William Co VA
- Deed Book Liber A 1731-1732
- Deed Book Liber B 1732-1735
- Abstracted by June Whitehurst Johnson, 1982
- Book B, p.173-175 14 Oct 1733 James McDonnel of Hamilton Parish, Pr Wm Co to Mark Hardin of Same. Deed of lease and release. 300a East side South Branch of Kettle Run adj Capt Thomas Barber, line of Wm McBee. Ack 23 Nov 1733
- 15 Oct 1733 2nd deed - McDonnell bound to Mark Hardin in the sum of 100£. Martha, wife of James McDonnell.. Charles Morgan & Thomas Welsh wit both.
- Book B, p.176-179 2 Oct 1733 Mark Hardin of Hamilton Parish to James McDonell. 354 ½ on one of the Branches of the Marsh commonly known by name of Dutchman's Run as appears by separate deeds granted to Mark Hardin from the Proprietors Office. The first granted by Edward Jenning for 122 ½ a adj lands of Jeffery Johnson ?to Charles Emmons's corner. The other tract granted by Robert Carter for 232 a bounds on lands of Alexander Beeches, line of Joshua Butler. Deeds of lease & release
- Signed: Mark Hardin. Wit: Charles Morgan & Thomas Welsh
- p.180 Mark Hardin bound to James McDonnell for 100£. Mary Hardin, wife of Mark. Wit. were the same
- 23 Nov 1733, Ack by Mark Hardin
- Prince William Co VA
- Deed Book Liber A 1731-1732
- Deed Book Liber B 1732-1735
- Abstracted by June Whitehurst Johnson, 1982
- p.70 B.B, p.340-343 15 Mar 1734 Deed from Capt John William of King George Co to William Stevens of Pr Wm. Parish of Hamilton ?.552 a. corner to Mark Hardings land
- p.91 Bk. B, p.494-497 28 Jul 1735 James McDonald of Hamilton Parish to Thomas Turner of Hanover Parish, King George Co. Two tracts. On branch known by name of Dutchman's Run. 354 ½ a granted to Mark Harding?..
- Deed Abstracts of Prince William Co VA 1740-41
- Ruth & Sam Sparacio, 1989
- p.52/p.289 Deed dated 21 & 23 Mar 1740 - Emmanuel Combee of Hamilton Parish and Margaret his wife to John Frogg. Parcel on branch of Marsh Run known by name of horse pen branch, land of Wm Russel, Joshua Butler & Joseph King, King's line to head of a savannah of Elk Run, NW to line of Mark Hardings, crossing a savannah & small ridge and another savannah by Mark Harding's Path?. Deed of L&R
- Deed Abstracts of Prince William Co VA 1745-1746 and 1748-1749
- Deed Books F, G, H, & K are missing
- This is DB I and L.
- Ruth & Sam Sparacio, 1989
- p.5 DB I, p.22-26
- 21&22 Feb 1745 John Frogg to Thomas Turner. 200a - same description regarding Mark Harding land and path.
- Northern Neck Warrants & Surveys Vol. III 1710-1780
- Dunmore, Shenandoah, Culpeper, Prince William, Fauquier & Stafford Counties. Peggy Shomo Joyner
- Stafford County
- p.155 Danl. Feagin of Northumberland. 20 Jan 1723/24 - 20 Apr 1724. 411 acres NW branch Elk Run, adj. Mark Harding, John Windwright. Surv: John Savage
- p.156 Alexander Flemins/Flemming 20 Jan 1723/24 - 21 Apr 1724 354 acres Elk Run adj Mark Harding, Danl. Feagin. Surv: John Savage
- p.159 Mark Harding of King George Co. 2 wrts, 3 Jul & 10 Dec 1722. 642 acres. (1) W br Elk Run not to entrench on Brent town Grants (2) Muddy Hole br of Elk Run part of land suv by George Copedge. Survd: Thomas Hooper. Sold to John Winright 14 Dec 1722, day before survey for Harding.
- p. 173 John Winwright, assignee of Mark Hardin. No wrt. Surv 10 Dec 1722 - 15 Dec 1722. 295a NW br of Elk Run. Surv: Thomas Hooper
- Prince William County
- p.95 Richard Buckner of Caroline Co. 12 Oct 1730 - 12 Apr 1731. 411 acres adj. Wm MacBee alias MacBoy, Joshua Butler, Mark Harding, Alexr. Clements, Dan'l Feagon [now Crump], Mr. Falkner, Jos. King. Surv: John Warner
- p.124 William Reding. 18 Oct 1740 - 15 Nov 1740. 695 acres Hamilton Parish on Licking Run adj Joshua Butler, John Harding, Mark Hardin, John Holtzclaw, Sutton, Wainwright, John Ross, Mr. Burrell. Surv: Joseph Berry
- The order of the births of the children of Mark & Mary is speculative and their birth years estimated.
- Here are a few quotes from "Landmarks of Old Prince William County," by Fairfax Harrison, which concern Mark Hardin.
- P. 201
- **While Lee's [Thomas Lee] grant carried the Virginia frontier to the first hills, the immediately significant occupation of the territory was that covered by more than fifty small grants on the upper waters of Marsh Run, recorded between 1710 and 1719, when the proprietary office again was closed for three years. The incidental recitals of the land books testify that by 1715, few as they may have been, some of these grantees already called Elk Marsh home. Among such proven pioneeer residents were William Russell and Mark Hardin, as well as those who gave their names to streams; John Brown and William Allen, on Brown's Branch; John Marr and John Hooper on Marr's Branch; and Jeffrey Johnson on Johnson's Branch.**
- P. 205
- Author's note to above: His [Hardin's] grants of 1716 are [Northern Neck Grants] 5:93, 153. Others in 1723 (N.N., 4: 5, 56) 'on the west branches of Elk Run and on the head of Marr's (now Harper's) Run' included the future site of Hardin's Ordinary. [the 2nd Citation in the Northern Neck grants is incorrect - it's Book 5: p.271, not 153.]
- P. 489:
- Chapter - Old Roads and the Ordinaries: **Hardin's: After crossing Deep Run and so entering into old Prince William, Dalrymple passed Elk Run Church and, sixteen miles above 'Pickets' reached 'Hardings Ord.' [Note: Picketts Ordinary is known as the first public house on the Fredericksburg-Winchester road above Falmouth. It was originally in King George County, and a boundary change ca 1755, put it in lower Stafford.]
- **In June 1716, Mark Hardin had the first of several land grants in the Elk Marsh settlement in what was then Richmond and later Fauquier. As we have shown, the recitals of other land grants indicate that he was living on Marsh Run in 1717 and so was one of the pioneer founders of Fauquier. In 1723 he appears further east 'on the branches of Elk Run.' [see note below] It was here that his son, Martin Hardin, established an ordinary on the 'Shenandoah Hunting Path' or Falmouth Road. The site as indicated by Dalrymple was 1-1/2 miles north of Elk Run Church; and, as all ordinaries were at crossroads, it seems probably that it was a Hardin's Ordinary that the original 'German Path,' leading to Germantown, left the Falmouth road; as did the earliest road leading to the Elk Marsh settlement. In 1741, Martin Hardin voted in Prince William, and on the organization of Fauquier in 1759, had license to keep ordinary 'at his house.' By a deed of 1774 Martin Hardin recited that he was then living in Augusta; and in 1802 his son, Mark Hardin, reciting his own residence in Washington County,Kentucky, conveyed Martin Hardin's lands on Elk Run to Joseph Blackwell. The subsequent records of the Blackwell family identify the site of Hardin's ordinary as that stage of the Winchester road where 'Blackwell's Coloured School' now stands as indicated on the Fauquier may of 1914.**
- Booger, "Gleanings," p. 199: Fauquier Court Order Book, 1759. This is confirmed by a deed (Fauquier D.B. I:186) from William Eustace to 'Martin Hardin, Ordinary Keeper,' of certain lands on Elk run adjoining 'the said Hardin's.'
- Mark resided in Prince William County VA when he executed his Will Mar 16, 1735; probated 21 May 1735. Left land to eldest son John - 232a in Prince Wm, part of patent of 642a, and also sons Martin [210a, part of 642a], Mark [200a, part of 642 & slave Sambo] & Henry [200a part of 300a bought of James McDoneill, Kettle Run, but if Martin, Mark or Henry die without issue to daughters Ann & Alice Hardin; 100 acres to dau Elizabeth [remainder of 300a bought of McDoneill];
- 2sh to each besides their land: Martha, John, Martin, Mark, Henry & Martha McDonhill; after wife's death remainder to be divided among 5 daughters Abigail, Mary, Ann, Elizabeth, & Alice. Wife Mary and sons John and Martin, executors. Will indicates that only Martha and perhaps John were married. (Martha married McDonald, perhaps James McDonald.)
- Wit: Thomas (x) Simon, Daniel (x) Shumate, Judith (x) Shumate, Elizabeth (E) Roylte
- 21 May 1735 Presented in court by Mary Hardin & John Hardin, executors named. Proved by oaths of Thomas Simon & Danl Shumate.
- The 642 acres was in the Elk Run district probably now in Fauquier Co although it's possible some of it could have extended into Prince William Co. Kettle Run does lie in both Fauquier and Prince William Co, only a short distance away.
- I find it interesting that there was a Henry Harding, taking up grants in Stafford Co at the same time Mark Harding was doing so in Richmond Co. No relationship is known, but the two locations are not so far apart. And the name Henry is found in descendants of Mark. Henry Harding received two grants on Acquia [Aquia today] Creek, which still lies within the bounds of Stafford Co. The first was for 564 acres granted on 4 Feb 1714/15, Northern Neck Grant Book 5, #60, p.102. and the second was for 978 acres, same location and neighbors, possibly a re-granting of the first with additional acres, dated 20 May 1725, VA Patent Book A, p.155. A Northern Neck grant to Valentine Peyton on 15 Nov 1715 also mentions 480 acres surveyed for Henry Harding on the south side of Broad Run of the Onaquan [Occoquan] River. Elk Run is also a tributary of the Occoquan and this land likely located in what is now Prince William Co.
- Husband: Martin Hardewyn
- Wife: Madeleine Du Sauchoy
- Child: Isaac Hardin
- Child: Abraham Hardin
- Child: Elizabeth Hardin
- Child: Jacob Hardin
- Child: Mark Hardin
- Date: 5 MAR 1671
- Place: New Amsterdam
- Source: S102 Abbreviation: Internet Home Page: Hardin Title: Bill P. Hardin, Internet Home Page: Hardin <http://www.flex.net/~hardin/> Note: Copies of pages in my files Repository: #R4 Call Number: [Hardin/VA/103] Page: "Mark Hardin, Our Family Patriarch"
- Repository: R4 Name: Online Address:
- Source: S303 Abbreviation: SOME HARDIN, HARDING, AND RELATED FAMILIES Title: Some Hardin, Harding and Related Families of Virginia, Pennsylvania, Kentucky, and Indiana. Compiled by Francis Harding Huron in collaboration with George Mark Harding & Betty Johnson Boyd. Self-published. Feb 1987. LDS Microfilm #1320699, Item 8. Page: p.3-17
- Source: S44 Abbreviation: WFT- Volume 5 Title: Family Tree Maker CD-ROM, WFT- Volume 5 Repository: #R3
- Repository: R3 Name: Personal Library Address:
- breesefam.ged on 09 May 2011
- Comstock for Wiki.ged on Jul 27, 2011 by Kay Haden
NOTE: The following is a fanciful version - there were not "three brothers" - this is the classical genealogical MYTH. Harding was probably an English surname that became Harden/Hardin over time. The actual records of Northumberland Co VA show at least two generations of this families present before the first records of Mark Harding/Hardin first appear. The records of Northumberland, as in many counties in colonial Virginia are not complete and do not furnish enough information to connect the dots between these families found there. There is NO proof that connects the Mark Harding/Hardin found in Northumberland back to New York - such a migration is unusual. There is NO proof that he was born to a Martin Hardweyn - that this man had a son Marcus baptized is undeniable - but there is no further record that this son even lived to reach his majority. It is an old "assumption" that cannot be supported by fact or reason. There is NO proof he was French, or Hugenot, or that his name had French origins - Harding being a relatively common English surname. There is NO proof his wife was anything other than "Mary" as documented in deeds. She was certainly not Marie, she was not likely French. She was probably not Mary Hogue since the man said to be her father left a will that mentions no daughter Mary and there is no evidence the Hogue family lived anywhere near the Harding/Hardins.
- THE HARDINS IN THE FOOTSTEPS OF THE BOONE TRAIL
By Faustina Kelly.
After the massacre of St. Bartholomew in Northern France, 1706, three brothers by the name of Hardin fled from their native France to America. Two settled in Virginia, the third in South Carolina. John Hardin remained in Virginia and became a victim of savage Indians. Mark settled in the Carolinas and was the father of Gen. William Hardin who was in Gen. Marion's brigade against the English in the War of the Revolution. On April 12,1781, he captured Fort Balfour, taking nearly one hundred prisoners.
The name Hardin is not of Gallic origin; the i has been substituted for e in the second syllable, and it has been traced Har-den as its root, imd anciently the name was Harlouin. Persons bearing that name have long been distinguished in the annals of France. Their coat of arms is that of a Baron. There are five direct generations of distinguished soldiers in United States. The name Hardi or Hardin, the bold, the adventuresome, the courageous is certainly exemplified in our land.
Source: du Sauchov Genealogy http://www.talweb.com/redliney/gene/home.htm
Mark Hardin first appears in the Virginia records in Northumberland County, 7 April, 1707, when he was deeded 50 acres of land by the heirs of John Melton, deceased. On 22 Sept., 1715 he had a runaway slave returned to him by William Barnes of Maryland. While still living in Northumberland County, he had two grants of 94 acres and 122 1/2 acres in Richmond County. On 14 March, 1720 Mark Hardin and Mary his wife of Richmond County deeded away the land that he had bought in Northumberland County in 1707. A grant for 642 acres in Stafford County was granted him 4 March 1722/23 calls him Mark Hardin of King George County, and another 232 acres in Stafford County was granted him 24 July, 1724. All or most of this land was in what later became the Elk Run district.
Source: Received on August 29, 2001 from Ms. Edith Stone <firstname.lastname@example.org;,121 Bald Eagle Dr., Galena, MO 65656.
Edith sent me 11 pages of a book on Clouds from the Stone County, Library (Book was written from the records of Philip Cloud, Springfield, MO)The Compiler is Elba G. Johnson, P.O. Box 87, Galena, MO a Genealogist for the Stone County area. Book was compiled in 1972. The book has the following sources for:
Joseph Cloud and Jane Carpenter: Philip Cloud's records, Hazel Messenger, Republic, MO, 1850 Census and 1860 Census Claiborne Co, TN.
William Cloud III and (3 wives) Rev. War Records Pension records 11th VA regt. Pension #2,182 and Philip Cloud's records.
William Cloud Jr. ( Will dated March 14,1810 proved Aug. 30, 1811) and Alice Harden (her father Mark Hardin's Will - Book C Page 36, Prince William Co, VA March 16, 1734 Proved May 21, 1735).
William Cloud (Will dated July 18, 1748, Book G-1 page 150, New Castle Co., Del) and Elizabeth Hayes ( Will dated Feb. 3, 1749/50 proved Feb. 22, 1749/50 Book G, page 375). Also from Philip Cloud's records and others.
Jeremiah Cloud (Will made Feb. 20, 1715/16 proved Dec. 21, 1717, New Castle Co. Del.) and Elizabeth Bailey. Also from Philip Cloud's records and others.
William Cloud (Quaker- Will Book B Page 244 in Registers Off. Philadelphia, PA.-Will dated July 20, 1700, probated Aug. 25, 1702) and Susan James ( Chichester Meeting Marcus Hook now Delaware Co., PA).
Also Cloud; family entries copied from the typescript copies of the Parish Registers of Calne, Wiltshire, England, deposited in the Library of Wiltshire Archaeological Society at Devizes.
The Hardin Family is a large and diverse family group. The United States Census Bureau, based on a test population of 6,290,261 valid records taken from the 1990 census, estimated that .019 percent of the 1990 population was named Hardin, .016 percent was named Harding and .011 percent had the surname of Harden. Historically the spelling of the name was often different for the same individual and court records reflect Hardin, Harden and Harding. When recording The name "Hardin" in public records a century ago many officials substitute the letter "E" for the letter "I" in the second syllable, resulting in "Harden." In England they spell the name this way, and its root is Hareden or Hare-den. Harding, or Hardynge, is a common English form. The name does not suggest a Gallic origin but the Huguenot refugees brought with their French blood French names. The consensus is that "Hardin" is a metamorphosis of a French name, probably Hardouin. Through what changes its orthography has passed since the Huguenots fled from France is to some extent a matter of speculation. Researching has revealed that there were at least two separate Hardin families living in seventeenth century Colonial America. One of these families was of English ancestry and little is known by this writer regarding this clan. My family's lineage can be traced back to seventeenth century France and the persecutions of the Huguenots and their ensuing escape to Amsterdam and the New World. The Honorable Martin D. Hardin, (1780 - 1823) great-grandson of Mark Hardin, told General William Preston "that anciently the name was Hardouin," as reported in the book "Life of Ben Hardin," by F.P. Little. There is strong evidence to support this early spelling, if as many believe Mark Hardin is the son of Martin Hardewyn (an obvious Dutch phoneticization of the French "Hardouin") and Madeleine du Sauchoy, daughter of the Huguenots Marc du Sauchoy and Elizabeth Rossignol of New Amsterdam New York. To date I have been unable to establish when Martin Hardewyn arrived in the New World. Records exists showing the birth of Madeleine as January 1656/57 in New Amsterdam, her father Marc du Sauchoy was born in France in 1626 and was in America as early as 1655. Mark and Madeleine were married on March 5, 1670/71 in New Amsterdam. Their first child Isaac was baptized on May 15 1673 in the Dutch Reformed Church in New Amsterdam. Their fifth child, our ancestor, Mark (Marcus) Hardin was baptized on March 26, 1681 in Staten Island, New York. It is this writers opinion that the above hypothesis of my ancestors migration to the New World is correct or at least there is a preponderance of evidence to support its accuracy over the other theories recited below
The Hardin Family is a large and diverse family group. The United States Census Bureau, based on a test population of 6,290,261 valid records taken from the 1990 census, estimated that .019 percent of the 1990 population was named Hardin, .016 percent was named Harding and .011 percent had the surname of Harden. Historically the spelling of the name was often different for the same individual and court records reflect Hardin, Harden and Harding. When recording The name "Hardin" in public records a century ago many officials substitute the letter "E" for the letter "I" in the second syllable, resulting in "Harden." In England they spell the name this way, and its root is Hareden or Hare-den. Harding, or Hardynge, is a common English form. The name does not suggest a Gallic origin but the Huguenot refugees brought with their French blood French names. The consensus is that "Hardin" is a metamorphosis of a French name, probably Hardouin. Through what changes its orthography has passed since the Huguenots fled from France is to some extent a matter of speculation. Researching has revealed that there were at least two separate Hardin families living in seventeenth century Colonial America. One of these families was of English ancestry and little is known by this writer regarding this clan. My family's lineage can be traced back to seventeenth century France and the persecutions of the Huguenots and their ensuing escape to Amsterdam and the New World. The Honorable Martin D. Hardin, (1780 - 1823) great-grandson of Mark Hardin, told General William Preston "that anciently the name was Hardouin," as reported in the book "Life of Ben Hardin," by F.P. Little. There is strong evidence to support this early spelling, if as many believe Mark Hardin is the son of Martin Hardewyn (an obvious Dutch phoneticization of the French "Hardouin") and Madeleine du Sauchoy, daughter of the Huguenots Marc du Sauchoy and Elizabeth Rossignol of New Amsterdam New York. To date I have been unable to establish when Martin Hardewyn arrived in the New World. Records exists showing the birth of Madeleine as January 1656/57 in New Amsterdam, her father Marc du Sauchoy was born in France in 1626 and was in America as early as 1655. Mark and Madeleine were married on March 5, 1670/71 in New Amsterdam. Their first child Isaac was baptized on May 15 1673 in the Dutch Reformed Church in New Amsterdam. Their fifth child, our ancestor, Mark (Marcus) Hardin was baptized on March 26, 1681 in Staten Island, New York. It is this writers opinion that the above hypothesis of my ancestors migration to the New World is correct or at least there is a preponderance of evidence to support its accuracy over the other theories recited below. There are other speculations about Mark's heritage, the following are a few of these conjectures: Mr. Lewis Wiley Rigsby in his book "Georgia Families" in Chapter VIII entitled "Harden Hints and Genealogies" describes the following as fact, but cites no documentation for evidence. "Mark Hardin was born in Rouen, France, in 1660. When he was about twenty-five years old, Louis XIV issued the Edit of Restoration, October 20, 1685, which revoked the Edict of Nantes. Mark Hardin was a Huguenot and immediately fled from France, settling in either England or Wales. He married Mary Hogue. Also, spelled Hoge, but whether the marriage occurred before fleeing France or after is uncertain. Mark, after residing for a short while in England or Wales, moved to Canada with his family. Because of the rigid winters they move south and settled in Prince William County, Virginia (about 1706) where he resided until his death in 1734." This story is often related as a proven reality by a number of researchers, but to-date I have seen no documentation supporting their narrative. I have problems with the timeline presented by tis supposition. For example if Mark had been born in 1660 as stated above and died in 1734 (his will was probated in 1735, a proven fact) he would have been 74 years old at time of death. If the dates that are generally accepted as the birth dates of his children are correct, then he would have been 50 years old at the time of the birth of his first born, John Hardin in 1710, rather old for starting a new family in a wilderness. Also he would have been at the advanced age of 72 at the birth of his tenth child, Alis Hardin in 1732. Some researchers believe that Mark was not the first Hardin to come to the "New World," that the Hardin family had been in Virginia for several generations. Some circumstantial evidence supports this supposition for example in October 1608 the ships "Mary and Margaret" arrived at Jamestown. On board the ship under the category of "Laborers" was one individual listed as "Hardwyn" (no first name shown). Also on July 22, 1675, The Bristol Register recorded the Virginia voyage of one "William Hardin" as an indentured servant to Francis Rawles for four years. Camilla Davis Trammell in her superb book called "Seven Pines," recounts the history an immigration to Texas of Swan Hardin and family. Her introduction of his ancestors to the "New World" is as follows: "1685 - Ann Hogue Hardouin arrived in America with five sons. She was the wife of Marc Hardouin of Rouen, France, a French Huguenot who left after the St. Bartholomew Massacre. Marc had five sons, one drowned, two stayed in Virginia, one moved to Pennsylvania, and one went to the Carolinas." She cites as her source for this story as John Henry Brown's "Indian Wars and Pioneers of Texas," page 415. Several elements of the above narrative are dubious, but one part is obviously in error. The "St. Bartholomew Massacre" occurred on August 24, 1572, which was more than One Hundred (100) years before the above reported flight of Marc Hardouin. It is possible of course that what was intended was the "Edit of Fontainebleu" also known as the "Edit of Restoration" that revoked the Protestant (Huguenot) minority's right to worship. This occurred in 1685 and generated a mass exodus of Huguenots from France. In reviewing Ms. Trammell's original source, Page 415 of John Henry Brown's "Indian Wars and Pioneers of Texas" I find the following description: "The Hardin families are the descendants of a widow lady who immigrated from France, landing in Philadelphia with four sons, John, Henry, Mark and Martin Hardin. Her husband, during the internal commotion in France, had to flee for his life. Whether they pursued and killed him, or he died by other casualty, are unknown. His wife heard no more of him after he bid her adieu and rode away. From the best information that we can obtain, she was a Huguenot who came to America to escape persecution by Louis XIV, in the year 1685. William Hardin, the Grandfather of Frank Hardin, subject of this memoir, was a grandson of this widowed lady." We cannot authenticate the accuracy of Mr. Brown's recount of Frank Hardin lineage at this time. Nevertheless, one statement is in error. William Hardin would have been the "widowed lady's" great grandson. Assuming he is referring to Colonel William Hardin of Franklin County, Georgia, father of Swan Hardin and grandfather of Frank Hardin. Brown does not allude to the "St. Bartholoew Massacre" in his writing, leading us to think that Ms. Trammell supposedly used literary license at this point in her chronicle. Another area of interest is that Ms. Trammell provides a name to the "widow Lady, "Ann Hogue Hardouin", whereas John Henry Brown does not, Perhaps Ms. Trammell has another source of data not disclosed or her investigations uncovered these facts. One does wonder at the unique middle name shown for "Ann Hogue Hardouin." As the name "Hogue" is the alleged birth name of Mary Hardin, the spouse of Mark Hardin, of Virginia, and our proven ancestor. Leaving the realm of conjecture and speculation we are able to establish with a high degree of accuracy Mark Hardin's residences for the last 28 years of his life. Beginning on April 7, 1707 when Mark purchased a fifty (50) acre tract of land in Northumberland County, Virginia from the heirs of John Multon, giving in consideration 5000 pounds of tobacco. (As gold and silver became scarce in the colonies, and the use of wampum was terminated because of its complications, the Chesapeake colonies were able to rely on tobacco as a means of currency. Tobacco was the safest and most stable currency that the Chesapeake colonies had or could have, and it always had a value in exchange for gold.) The recording of this land transaction describe Mark Hardin's residence as Wicomico Parish, Northumberland County, Virginia. This deed was re-recorded by Mark Hardin on June 20, 1711, and his residency at this time was also shown as the same. His occupation was revealed as "carpenter" on the recorded document. Thirteen years after date of purchase on November 14, 1720, Mark Hardin and his wife Mary sold this land to John Pope, taking in cnsideration one male "Negro" slave. Mark's wife, Mary released her dower rights to the land, which suggest that Mark and Mary may have been married on the date of the original purchase. This certainly proves they were married at time of sale, November 14, 1720 when their residence was given as Richmond County, Virginia., probably on one of two land grants obtained by Mark; to wit: 122 1/2 acres on June 4, 1716 and 94 acres on December 23, 1716. Note! Mark's residency at the time of these grants was shown as Northumberland County, probably on the 50 acres purchased in 1707. On March 4, 1722 Mark Hardin received a land grant containing 642 acres located on "Elk Run" in Stafford County, Virginia. The documentation for this transaction reveals Mark's residency as King George County, Virginia. Further investigation revealed that the area where Mark's earlier land grants of 1716, namely the 122 1/2 and 94 acre tracts previously in Richmond County had been included in a new county named King George County in 1720.On page 56 Grant Book A and dated 13 July 1724 is a recorded land grant to Mark Harding of King George County, Virginia for a tract of land containing 232 acres on Dutchman's Run in King George County, Virginia. The tract was adjoining the lands of Alexander Beach, Joshua Butler, Benjamin Berryman and Mark's 642 acre tract Dated October 2, 1733 is the Deed from Mark Hardin of Hamilton Parish and Prince William County, Virginia to James McDonnell of Hamilton Parish and Prince William County, Virginia. Transferring for 50 lbs current money a certain tract of land containing 354 ½ acres. Said tract was located upon one of the branches of the Marsh commonly known by the name of Jeffry Johnson Marsh, is also known by the name of Dutchmans Run. Mark's ownership appeared by separate deeds granted to him to wit: First from the Proprietors Office for 122 ½ acres adjoining the lands of Jeffery Johnson and to Charles Emmons's corner. Second the tract being granted by Robert Carter Esq. for 232 acres adjoining on the lands of Alexander Beeches and Joshua Butler. On October 14, 1733 there is the Deed executed by James McDonnell of Hamilton Parish and Prince William County, Virginia to Mark Hardin of Hamilton Parish and Prince William County, Virginia. Transferring for 50 pounds current money a tract of land containing 300 acres on the East Side of the south branch of Kettle Run. Said tract adjoined the lands of Capt. Thomas Barber and Wm. McBee. Martha, wife of the above James McDonnell, relinquish her right of Dower of in and to said lands and premises. There is evidence that this James McDonnell was Mark's son-in-law. See Mark's last will and testament regarding his bequest to his daughter Martha McDonnell. Mark was residing in Prince William County, Virginia when he executed his Last Will and Testament on March 16, 1734 and was still there when the will was probated on May 21, 1735. Although records don't indicate the exact day of his death, one can assume it occurred shortly before the date of the will's probate in May, 1735. At the time of his death Mark owned a total of 942 acres all located in Prince William County, Virginia. The land was given to his children as follows: John Hardin - 232 acres in Prince William Co., Virginia, part of the 642 acre tract acquired by Mark Hardin by land grant on March 4, 1722. Martin Hardin - 210 acres in Prince William Co., Virginia, part of the 642 acre tract acquired by Mark Hardin by land grant on March 4, 1722 Mark Hardin And Mark Hardin's wife Mary's dower portion - 200 acres in Prince William Co., Virginia, part of the 642 acre tract acquired by Mark Hardin by land grant on March 4, 1722 Henry Hardin - 200 acres in Prince William Co., Virginia part of the 300 acre tract purchased from James McDonnell on October 14, 1733 Elizabeth Hardin - 100 acres in Prince William Co., Virginia part of the 300 acre tract purchased from James McDonnell on October 14, 1733
MARCUS "MARK" HARDIN'S LAST WILL AND TESTAMENT LAST WILL AND TESTAMENT OF MARK HARDIN (Will was dated 16 Mar 1734, and was probated 1 May 1735. It can be found in the 'Will Book C, 1734-1744 on pages 36 to 38, Mark Hardin of Prince William County, in the Colony of Virginia.' He had 10 children. In the name of God, Amen, I Mark Hardin of Prince William County in the colony of Virginia being in health, of perfit sens and memory. Prais be to God for the same, I knowing the sertinty of Deth and the unsertenty of Life. I with all the better to settle what small worly Estate it hath Pleesed God of his Grate Goodness to bestow upon me, before my Deth Do make this my last will and Testament, Revoking and disannulling all other wills or testaments whatsoever by me heretofore made whether Esscript maniscript or codesil and do make and confirm this to be my last will and testament in manner and form following first and Principly I give and Bequeath my sould into the hands of that grate God who gave it me not doubting as surely trusting and believing to have a full and free Pardon and Remission of all my Sins through the Merits and death of My Dear Lord and only Savor Jesus Christ and as for my body, my will is that it be buried in a descent and Christian manner according to the descretion of my Executors hereinafter named. Item 1.) I give, bequeath to my Eldest son John Hardin two hundred and thirty two acres of Land Situate lying and being in Prince William County to him and the Heirs Lawfully begotten of his Body. The said land being part of a Paten for Six Hundred and forty two Acres of land and beginning for the two hundred and thirty two acres of land at a white Oak standing in the first line mentioned in the said Paten on the southeast side of the said tract of land thenc running north west westerly along a Sorvanor cawled by the name of Martin's Spring branch to a cornor hickory standing on the hed of the said Sorvanor thenc more westerly to a cornor white oack thence south west to an White Oak then nothe westerly to cornor five white Oaks thenc down the main branch of Mudy Hole extending down the said branch to cost Oak standing in the said branch blow the house where the said John Hardin at present lives thenc nothly up a valley to a cornor Stake being the extent of the said track of land thenc Esterly to a post and so to the white Oack where it first begun. Item 2.) I give and Bequeath unto my Son Martin Two hundred and ten acres of Land Situate lying and being in the said County of Prince William aforesaid to him and his heirs lawfooly begoten of his Body the same being part of the aforesaid track or Paten and beginning at the above said Hickory and five white Oaks thenc running northerly to the extent of said Track and including all the southwesterly part of the Track. Item 3.) I give and Bequeath unto my Son Mark Hardin two hundred aceres of Land it being the remainder part of the said track as above sd in the County of Prince William and also one Negroman cawled Sambo to him and his heirs lawfooly begoten of his Body. Item 4.) I give and bequeath to my son Henry Hardin two hundred acres of Land situate lying being in Prince William County to him and his heirs lawfooly begoten of his body the said land being part of three hundred acres of land bought of James McDoneile the said land lying and being on the South side of Kittle Run the loer part of it and the Plantation to him the above said Henry Hardin. Item 5.) It is my Will that If any of my three sons last named Martin, Mark, or Henry should die without heirs lawfully begotten that there Land shall fall to two of my Daughters, Ann and Alis Hardin and to there lawfule heirs. Item 6.) I Give and bequeath to my Daughter Elizabeth Hardin one hunfred Acres of land it being the upper part of three hundred acres of land bought of James McDoniell on the South side of Kittle Run in the County Of PrinceWilliam as aforesaid to her and her heirs lawfully begotten. Item 7.) My will is that all my sons and my Daughter Martha (to wit) John, Martin, Mark and Henry Hardin and Martha McDonhill shall have two shillings Star (ling) payd to Each of them ourt of my Estate and that to be there full part besides there land all ready given to my sons and no more. Item 8.) It is my will that after my decees my loving wife Mary Hardin shall choose her devedent of the land above given to sone Mark Hardin and to be therewith satisfied for her third part of all my Lands, that then she shall have the said land and Negro Sambo and all the improvements during her life and after decesas the said land and Negro Sambo and all the improvements to fall to my son Mark Hardin and his Heirs lawfooly begoten of his body. Item 9.) It is my will that after the decease, my whole Personall Estate shall not be brought to appraisment but to be at the deruction of my loving wife Mary Hardin. It is my will that after my Deces of my loving Wife Mary Hardin that the above mentioned persinall Estate shall be Equally divided amung my five Daughters. Abgail, Mary, Ann, Elizabeth, Alis or their hiers lawfooly begoten of their bodies. Lastly my will is that my loving wife Mary Hardin and son John Hardin and my son Martin Hardin be my Executors to see that this my last Will fullfiled awarding so to the tru intent and meaning thereof and in testimony that this is my last will and testament I have hereunto set my hand and sale this Sixteenth Day of March in the year of ouer Lord God One thousand seven hundred and thirty four. Witnesses: Mark Hardin Thomas (X) Simon Daniell (X) Shumate Judith (I) Shumate Elizabeth (E) Roylte At a court held for Prince William County the twenty first day of May, 1735, the Will as presented into Court by Mary Hardin and John Hardin Executors therein named who made Oath thereto and being proved by the Oaths of Thomas Simon and Danl Shumate two of the witnesses thereto it is admittted to record and on the Motion of the said Mary and John Hardin and they Performing what is usual in such cases Certificate is granted them for obtaining a probate thereof in due form. Page 30, Bond of Mary Hardin, John Hardin, Robert Jones and Thomas Conway unto Denis McCarty, first justice For 300. 21 May 1735. Mary Hardin and John Hardin are exors. of Mark Hardin, dec. Mary (X) Hardin, John Hardin, Robt. Jones, Thomas Conway, Marc Hardin was a farmer and an innkeeper. After his death, his son Martin took over the inn and remained in Prince William (Fauquier) Co., VA. Marc Hardin is also recorded in Virginia land grand books as Mark Harding. ===== 1735 - May 21, will proved, Prince William County, Virginia Mary was to have the use of the land, improvements thereon and the Negro Sambo whom had been willed to Mark at age 17. 10 children are named in will. Note: Prince William County became Fauquier County in 1759. Reference: HHH Newletter Vol 12 #4 1995 pages 143-146 REFN: 4084 ===== Sources: 1.) http://awtc.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GETdb=dtingid=I12950 2.) http://awtc.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GETdb=marieadutid=I1918 =====
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