- Date: 1695
- Place: Berekeley, Charles City, Va,
- Date: 12 Jul 1745
- Place: Berkley Plantation (Charles City County), Virginia, USA
- Cause: Struck by lightening
- User ID: 036B3771B018A54D8B5771B388CC05A2D1B1
- Husband: Benjamin Chichelle IV Harrison
- Wife: Anne Carter
- Child: John Harrison
- Child: Elizabeth Harrison
- Child: Martha Harrison
- Child: Lucy Harrison
- Child: Mary Harrison
- Child: Henry Harrison
- Child: Elizabeth Betty Harrison
- Child: Benjamin V Harrison
- Child: Sarah Harrison
- Date: 1722
- Place: Corotoman, Lancaster, Virginia, United States
- Source: #S17
'This biography is a rough draft. It was auto-generated by a GEDCOM import and needs to be edited.
- Note: Benjamin (IV) Harrison was born in about 1694 at Berkeley Plantation (Charles City County) Virginia, and died on 12 July 1745 in Berkeley Plantation (Charles City County) Virginia. He married Anne Carter about 1722. She was born 1696 in Corotoman (Lancaster County) Virginia, and died in 1743 at Berkeley Plantation (Charles City County) Virginia. She was the daughter of Robert Carter of Lancaster County Virginia and Judith Armistead. Benjamin (IV) inherited Berkeley upon the death of his father, Benjamin (III) Harrison <index17.html>, and was the builder of the present house. Benjamin (IV) was killed by lightning and died along with his two daughters. He died leaving Berkeley to his son Benjamin (V). He served in the House of Burgesses, and was the High Sheriff of Charles City County, Virginia.
- Berkeley Plantation is a place of firsts: In 1619, Captain John Woodlief and 38 men knelt on the land to observe what is generally considered to be America's first true Thanksgiving. It is also the place where the military song ?Taps? was first composed. Additionally it is the birthplace of three famous Harrison's ? Benjamin (V) Harrison, Signer of the Declaration of Independence; William Henry Harrison, the ninth President of the United States; and his grandson Benjamin Harrison, the 23rd President. Captain Woodlief and his crew survived Jamestown during the ?starving time.? They were very resourceful farmers, planting everything from corn and wheat, to grapevines and tobacco. It was of course, tobacco, which flourished and became the later generations' cash crop. Despite their successes, English financiers were unimpressed and replaced Captain Woodlief with George Thorpe a few years later. One of Thorpe's self-appointed tasks was to convert the Indians to Christianity. Perhaps his most famous accomplishment, though, was the distillation of America's first whiskey, another first for Berkeley. Thorpe's colony grew quickly, but ended just as abruptly with an Indian Massacre. On Good Friday, March 22, 1622, the Indians launched a surprise attack on Berkeley, killing or fatally wounding all of the settlers with the possible exception of a few escapees. �In 1691, the Harrison family bought the Berkeley property. Benjamin (III) Harrison, attorney general and treasurer of Virginia turned Berkeley into one of the country's first commercial shipyards at Harrison's Landing. Benjamin (IV) Harrison built the plantation?s Georgian mansion in 1726 for his wife Anne Carter, who was the daughter of Virginia's wealthiest colonial, Robert ?King? Carter. During the American Revolution, the mansion withstood an attack from Benedict Arnold's British soldiers, but the plantation itself was badly damaged. Berkeley managed to survive after the war and continued its prominent role in history. America's first ten presidents were all guests at Berkeley Plantation, the ninth having been born on the plantation. Upon William Henry Harrison's election in 1841, he returned to his birth room to pen his inaugural address.
- The Civil War brought the temporary desertion of Berkeley Plantation. In 1862, Union General George McClellan and his troops took up residence on the property, using the mansion as a field hospital. A Civil war cannonball remains lodged in one of the property's outbuildings. After the war, Berkeley Plantation remained vacated until John Jamieson; a former drummer boy with McClellan's troops bought the property in 1905. Jamieson's son, Malcolm, set about restoring the mansion and returning the property to a working plantation. The Georgian mansion is the oldest three-story brick house in Virginia that can prove its date. The construction date and initials of its first owners, Benjamin (IV) Harrison, and his wife Anne, are carved into the side of the house. It is also the first example of a pediment roof in the United States. Thomas Jefferson inspired interior designs such as the Adam woodwork and double arches of the ?Great Rooms?. �
- The will of Benjamin (IV) Harrison
- "In the name of God Amen. I Benjamin Harrison of Berkeley in the County of Charles City and Parish of Westover, Gent, being of perfect sense and memory, ordain this my last will and Testament. Imprimis I Give and bequeath my Soul to Almighty God who first gave its being, in sure and certain hope of a Joyfull resurrection thro? the death and Passion of my blessed Savior Jesus Christ, My body to the Earth from which it was first taken, to be buried near my dear son Henry?s grave, at the Discression of my executor hereafter mentioned, and as to all my worldly goods with which it hath pleased the Almighty to bless me my just Debts and Funeral charges being first paid, I Give and dispose of in the following manner:
- Give and bequeath unto my well beloved wife one equal third part of the neet proceeds or profits of my whole Estate during her natural life, and forasmuch as my wife hath at all times behaved in a most dutifull and affectionate manner to me and all?allways been assisting through my whole affairs, I therefore think proper to Give to my dear wife a small requital over and above the Thirds of my Estate as aforesaid, the use and occupation of the Plantation whereupon I now live, commonly called Berkeley, with all the Slaves Properly belonging to the Crop of the said Plantation, with all my household furniture of what kind soever and house Servants, except my Cook wench Patty and her children and the boy Levy son of Sarah, which Slaves I would have go to my son Benjamin on his being of age; I also give to my wife to use of all my plate and kitchen Furniture as also the use of my flocks of Cattle, Hogs, Horses and Sheep upon the said Plantation, all which said gifts I give to the use of my Said Dear wife so long as she shall remain a widow or shall abide on or inhabit the said Plantation, with full power to cut down and make use of any Timber or Wood either for building or repairing, making fenceing or firing, or any other use whatsoever for the said Plantation of or from any Part of my Estate in Charles City County Dureing the time aforesaid, she allowing yearly out of her own Estate Nine thousand Pounds of good Crop Tobo. in Nine Cask to be thrown into two thirds of my estate which is hereafter Ordered to be to divided amongst my children untill my Son Benjamin shall come to Age but no longer, and after her decease or Nonresidence as aforesaid the Premisses to go and descend to my well beloved son Benjamin Harrison and to the Heirs of his Body Lawfully begotten forever. I also Give to my Wife my Coach, chariot chair, Six horses and all furniture thereto belonging as also all my Saddle horses, Mares and Colts on the Said Plantation, together with her Gold Watch and all jewels in her possession.
- Item. I give and bequeath unto my son Benjamin Harrison all that Tract of Land commonly called Berkeley and Kimadges and also that whereon my mother formerly lived as also the Gleeb Land bought of the Parish of Westover in the County of Charles City, to him and his heirs of his Body lawfully begotten Forever. I also Give to my said son Benjamin the land called Bicres with the Land Escheated of John Resbie and all my land on the South Side Nottoway River belonging to the Chiticorah Tract and all the additional Surveys made adjacent thereto, and all my Lands at the Falls of James River bought of Davis and others with the slaves and stocks thereon to him and his heirs forever. �Item. I give unto my son Carter Henry Harrison all my land at Willises Creek with all the Slaves and Stocks thereon, and all the Land called Scotland Neck and the slaves and stocks of all sorts thereon to go and descend acordingly to will of the Honable Robert Carter Dec?d.
- Item. I give unto my son Henry all that estate of Land on the South Side Nottoway River by Peter?s Bridge being Seven Plantations with allthe Slaves and Stock of all Sorts thereon to him and his heirs Forever, and the Mill thereon, I also give him the tract of Land lying on Nottoway on the North Side the River at Peter?s Bridge to him and his heirs forever.
- Item. I give unto my son Robert Harrison all my several Tracts of Land lying at the Falls of Appomattox River bought of Abraham Cocke, Christopher Herntory, Thomas Williams, James Munford and Richard Smith and he lots bought of Abraham Jones and that in the town of Petersburg and the Slaves and Stocks of all sorts thereon, and also the remaining Part of Chitecorah Tract lying on the North Side of Nottoway River with the Slaves and Stocks of all Sorts that shall be found thereon, to him and his heirs forever.
- Item. I Give unto my son Nathaniel my land at Amelia Court house and all the Slaves and Stocks thereon. I also give unto my said son my land at Great Creek, and Meherrin (Vizt) the Tract whereon Benjamin Harrison is overseer, with all the Slaves and Stocks thereon to him and his heirs forever.
- Item. I give unto my son Charles all my Land Secarnis with all the Slaves and Stocks thereon and the Land called the ______ Alley Tract. I also Give to my said son all the Lands that will fall to me by the death of Mr. Willis (To-wit) Cabbin Point Mill and that at Huntington, with all the Keepers thereof, to him and his heirs forever, and my desire is that there may be Five Slaves bought (Vizt) three women and two men as soon as Conviently can be to Full slave the three Plantations on Secarnis. And my desire is that so many Slaves as shall be occupied on the Pond Quarter and Black Water, at the death of Mr. Willis, shall be and belong unto my said son and his heirs forever.
- Item. My will and desire is that the mulatto man John shall be for the sole use of my wife so long as she shall be a widow, and that the rest of my Sawyers, Carpenters and Coopers shall be used for the use of my Estate in general until my son Benjamin comes of Age, and then to go to him and his heirs forever.
- Item. I give unto my son Robert my Tract of land on Brunswick Creek, lying at the mouth of Great Creek, containing seventeen hundred acres, be it more or less, to him and his heirs forever. I also give unto my Said son Robert my mill on Harry?s Swamp with the land thereto belonging, being three hundred and Fifty Acres more or less, to him and his heirs forever.
- Item. I give unto my son Benjamin all the Negroes and Stocks of all sorts upon the Six Plantations that are now Settled on my Berkeley and Kimadges Tracts, to him and his heirs forever; and whereas I have given my Manor House an Plantation to my wife on terms as above to ascertain the bounds, my meaning is that from the upper bounds of Glebe Road and the River, and if by Experience that should be found too little I add to it Land on to other Side the Road called Woodfords.
- Item. My will and Desire is that the Land I bought of William Glover whereon my Surry Store stands be sold, and the Slaves thence be Immediately removed to that part of the Chetecorah tract given my son Robert for him and his heirs forever, and he money arising By the Sale of the Land to be laid out for Negroes for the Same uses, To wit for the better Settleing the same part of the Chetecorah Tract.
- Item. Forasmuch as there are a great Number of Slaves which, after the Death of Mrs. Elizabeth Willis relict of Henry Harrison, Esq., Dec?d and by the last Will of the said Henry Harrison, are to revert to me and my heirs, my Will and desire therefore is, that when said estate in Negroes shall revert by the death of the Said Willis now in possession, that then the Said Negroes shall be divided into six equal Parts as Possible, Without Parting men and their Wives, by three able and discreet persons to be appointed by the General Court, which division being made my will and desire is that three already Given to my son Charles go in Proportion to his Part, that my Son Benjamin have the first choice, and the Rest of my six sons to choose according to Seniority, which Negroes I Give to them and their heirs forever.
- Item. I Give unto my sons Carter Henry and Henry, to be equally divided between them, all the house hold Plate that belonged to Henry Harrison, Esq., dec?d now in possession of Mrs. Elizabeth Willis his relict, and after her death to revert to me, as will appear by an Instrument of Writing between said Willis and myself recorded in Surry Court.
- Item. I Give and bequeath unto my Daughter Betty Harrison one thousand pounds sterling including my mother?s Legacy of two hundred pounds that is to say five hundred pounds to be paid by my Executor after she shall arrive at the Age of twenty-one years, or be married, and the other Five hundred Pounds within three years after, and I also Give to my Daughter Betty these several Slaves following and their increase to-wit: Liddy, Charlot, and Cate, the Daughter, of Aggy, to her and her Heirs forever.
- Item. I Give and bequeath to my Daughter Anne the sum of one thousand pounds Sterling, Five hundred to be paid by my Executors within Twelve months after she shall arrive to the Age of Twenty-one or be married, and the other Five hundred pounds within three years after that. I also give to my Daughter Anne a negro girl Dorcas to her and her heirs forever. The Thousand pounds is to be with my mothers Legacy------hundred pounds inclusive.
- Item. I Give to my Daughter Lucy Eight hundred Pounds Sterling including my mother?s Legacy, to be paid her in four years after She arrives to the Age of twenty-one or is married. Also a negro girl Suekey, the Daughter of Bess and her increase, to her and her Heirs forever.
- Item. My will and desire is that my whole Estate shall be Kept entire until my Debts are paid, and the two Eldest Daughters Fortunes are raised, and until my son Benjamin comes of Age, and then whatever Legacys remain unraised the Estate of Each of my sons shall be Taxed in Proportion to their annual________ for the Payment thereof.
- Item. That the Guardianship and disposal of my children shall be entirely in the power of my wife, and that they be Maintained and educated at her discression __________ of my estate; that if my Daughters dureing their minority Do marry without first having the Consent and Approval of my said wife, then they or every one of them so marrying shall forfeit all Claims or Pretensions whatsoever to all and every part of the Legacies given them, by this my will, and I doe heartily and Earnestly recommend to said Children that they behave with Duty and obedience to their mother, and that they live in Love and Friendship with one another, and lastly I doe hereby Appoint my Dear Wife Ann Harrison, and all my sons as they shall come of Age, Executors of this my last will and testament, and I further order that there be no appraisement of my Estate nor Security given but her own. In witness whereof I have here set my hand and Seal this 17th day of October 1743, and utterly revoke all other wills by me heretofore made. This my last containing two sheets of Paper.
- Benjamin Harrison. [Seal.]
- Signed Sealed &c. in the Pressence of Robert West, Joseph Royal John Stith.
- Charles City County ss.----August Court 1745.
- The Afore written Last will and Testament of Col Benjamin Harrison Dec?d was Presented in Court by William Randolph Gent and wife Miss Betty Harrison, who made oath there and being proved by the oath of Joseph Royall one of the witnesses thereto is admitted to Record, and the said Joseph West the other two witnesses sign the said will as witnesses, and on the motion of the said William Randolph and Betty Harrison, and performing what is usual on such Cases, Certificate is granted them for obtaining Letters of Administration with the said will annext in due forme Durante Minori estate of Benjamin Harrison Son and heirs of the Deced.
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- WikiTree profile Harrison-1455 created through the import of familytreex.ged on Jul 20, 2011 by Adri Oldershaw. See the [http://www.wikitree.com/index.php?title=Special:NetworkFeed&who=Harrison-1455
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