Prior to import, this record was last changed 21 MAR 2007 .
Ancestors of Interest
Ancestors of Interest: @SUB1@
Note: Edmund Hart probably came in the Mary and John, arriving at Dorchester in 1630, having landed at Nantasket, 30 May 1630. The company settled in Dorchester on or a bout 17 June, 1630, and Mr. Hart was granted land there in 1632. He was made a freeman of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, 14 May, 1635. The town records of Dorchester show that Edmond Hart et al. "are to have their great lotts of 16 acres a peece, next the great lotts that are all redy layde owt towards Naponsett," 16 Jan. 1632. (Register, 21:166.) He had 18 acres granted to him in Weymouth in 1636, and 11 acres in the "East field" and 3 acres at "Kingoke hill." He also had 7 acres in the First Division and 21 acres in the Second Division granted to him, 14 Dec. 1663. (Weymouth Land Grants, 261, 280, 283.( Savage conjectures that he removed from Weymouth to Westfield after 1664, and that he was the man there killed by lightning in 1673. His wife died at Weymouth, 20 Aug. 1659.
Date: 14 MAY 1634
Place: Dorchester, Suffolk Co., MA
Note: As "Edmond Harte," eith in a sequence of ten Dorchester men.
Date: 30 SEP 1672
Place: Westfield, Hampden Co., MA
Note: 30 September 1672: "Edmund Hart of Westfield dying suddenly this sennight past inquiry was made by a jury of 12 men concerning his death who found it to be by the immediate hand of God in thunder & lighting as they conceive, their verdict is on file. And the said Edmund Hart dying intestate the inventory of his estate was presented to this Court and power of administration upon is granted to George Phelps which he accepted of. Also Elisha Hart son of Edm[un]d Hart being weak to manage his own matters chose his uncle the said Geo[rge] Phelps for his guardian whom the court approved of for that end" [HamPR 1:147].
The inventory of the estate of "Edmund Hart late of Westfield deceased" was signed 25 July 1673 and totaled L68 16s. 6d. including real estate valued at L96 1s.: "eleven acres of meadow L55"; "twenty acres of land in the woods L40"; "a homelot Fortside four acres land not taken up L1 1s." There was debt due to Aaron Cooke from "Edmund Hart ... his son-in-law John Scone can testify to it." There is also a cow John Scone hath not inventoried which is said to be given to Scone's wife: Also Edward Neale hath one acre of land: Also John Greet hath one acre of land not inventoried" [HamPR 1:148].
On 31 March 1674 the court further ordered that the distribution of the estate of Edmund Hart of Westfield be "that Elisha Hart (for that he is very weak for abilities of his mind ... being crazy in his body) shall have L15 of the said estate"; "Edm: Hart's daughters shall have the rest of the estate in equal portion: and if any of the daughters shall die before distibution of the estate be made such portion shall go to the children of such daughters if they have any; and Elisha Hart having at the last court at Springfield chosen his Uncle George Phelps for his guardian whom that court allowed of, this court declares that no person shall trade or bargain with said Elisha without consent of his said guardian" [HamPR 1:154].
Note: Edmund Hart from Dorchester and Weymouth(10) arrived in Westfield by 17 October 1664, when "lately of Waymouth," he purchased Westfield meadow and upland from Praisever Turner of Northampton.)11) He died intestate about 23 September 1672 "by the immediate hand of God in thunder and lightning."(12) His only son, Elisha Hart, died nearby in Windsor, Connecticut, on 15 August 1683,(13) leaving an estate to be distributed by his administrators, Edward Neale and Thomas Loveland, "to Said Heart's eight Sisters, to each an equal portion."(14) Undated entries under "The Lands of Isaac Phelps" at Westfield mention land "bought of Father George Phelps which was formerly Edmund Harts" and "two parcels bought of Edward Neal and Thomas Loveland administrators to Elisha Hart."(15)
Prior studies identify four of Elisha Hart's "eight Sisters" by name. The eldest was probably Elizabeth Hart who married John Moor at Weymouth on 26 June 1661 and disappears from our sight.(16) The next one would be Martha Hart, born at Weymouth on 12 October 1640 and married there in January 1662, Edward Neale,(17) one of the two administrators of Elisha's estate in 1683. Younger sisters included a Sarah who married John Scone of Westfield before about 1674 and John Burbank of Suffield, Massachusetts (now Connecticut), in 1692,(18) and an Experience whom Clifford Stott has recently identified as the wife of William Shepard of Westfield; she obtained a divorce from him in the Connecticut General Court at Hartford in October 1677, "he having deserted her with a resolve never to return to his wife againe."(19) Another sister, whose given name is unreported, would be the wife of John Greet.
It seems to have escaped prior notice that a sixth sister, Charity Hart, had married Thomas Loveland, son of the "widow Lovenam" of Wethersfield (modern Glastonbury), the other administrator of Elisha Hart's estate in 1683. On 20 May 1678, Thomas Loveland "of Wethersfield," for twenty bushels of wheat, sold to John Root of Westfield land "which fell to thim the said Loveman by the decease of Edmund Hart formerly of the said Westfield." The deed recites that the land was Loveland's "proper right by his present wife Charity daughter to the said Edmund Hard Deceased and whatever was willed and ordered by Springfield Court to be the portion of my Said wife out of his Fathers estate." Witnesses John Chester Jr. and Steven Chester were Wethersfield men. Thomas and Charity "Loveman" both signed by marks.(20)
The sisters Sarah, Charity, and Experience Hart, and some of their children are of particular interest in this case. Sara's husband John Scone, who died at Westfield on 19 August 1684,(21) had been boarding at age 28 in "goodman [Henry] grimes" home at Hartford in August 1666,(22) only a few months after Winthrop prescribed there for John Allyn's servant John "Grit." John and Sarah Scone's daughter Sarah, born at Westfield on 7 March 1677/8(23) found her way to Wethersfield where she married on 2 March 1698/9 the much older John Taylor, born there in July 1649.(24) Their son John Taylor married Mary Harris, niece of widow Mary Gritt's son-in-law Joseph Hollister, who had been a ward of Mary's parents, Walter and Mary (Hollister) Harris, in 1702.(25) Walter Harris and Charity Hart's husband Thomas Loveland had been reared in the home of Thomas Edwards in Glastonbury.(26)
Similar Wethersfield associations exist for sister Experience (Hart) Shepard's son John Shepard of Westfield. His wife Elizabeth Woodruff from Farmington, Connecticut, was a niece by marriage of Richard Seymour whose brother Zachariah had married widow Mary Gritt's daughter in Wethersfield.(27) Moreover, Richard Seymour's sons Ebenezer and Jonathan married sisters Abigail and Eunice HOllister of Wethersfield, cousins of Joseph Hollister, second husband of widow Mary Gritt's daughter.(28)
In sum, these close associations firmly support a conclusion that Widow Mary Gritt of Wethersfield was almost certainly one of the eight daughters of Edmund Hart of Westfield....
Footnotes for the above:
10 - George Walter Chamberlain, History of Weymouth, AA, 4 vols. (n.p., 1923), 3:256.
11 - Hampsire Co., Mass., Deeds A:58
12 - Hampshire Co. Probate Records, 1:147
13 - Edwin Stanley Welles, ed., Births Marriages and Deaths Returned from Hartford Windsor and Fairfield and Entered in the Early Land Records of the Colony of CT (Hartford, 1898), 54.
14 - Charles William Manwaring, comp., A Digest of the Early CT Probate Records, 3 vols. (Hartford, 1904-6), 1:320; hereafter cited as Manwaring.
15 - Land Grants and Highways from the Early Records of Wesfield Compiled in the Year 1896," typescript, 1(Part II):51, 52 [Family History Library (FHL), Salt Lake City, film #1,502,828; hereafter cited as Westfield Early Records.
16 - Vital Records of Weymouth, MA, to the year 1850, 2 vols. (Boston, 1910), 2:83; heareafter cited as Weymouth VRs.
17 - Weymouth VRs 1:123, 2:83
18 - Louis Marinus Dewey, "John Burbank of Suffield, Conn., and Some of his Descendants," NEHGR 61(1907): 139-42, at 138, where the name of Sara's father is wrongly printed as Elisha Hart.
19 - Clifford L. Stott, "William Shepard, Father of John Shepard of Westfield, MA," TAG 70(1995):82-3; J. Hammond Trumbull, ed., The Public Records of the Colony of CT from 1665 to 1678, 15 vols. (Hartford, 1850-90), 2:327.
20 - Westfield Early Records, 1(Part II):38-39; the typescript copy erroneously dates this deed in 1778. For Thomas Loveland of Glastonbury and his numbeorus decendants, see Hale, House, 691-97, where his wife is unidentified. Jacobus and Waterman conclude their account with the remark: "While most of the Glastonbury families are difficult, the Loveland family is terrifically difficult."
21- Pynchon Records, 34
22 - Winthrop Medical Records, 682
23 - Pynchon Records, 24
24 - Wethersfield VRs (Barbour Index); "Wethersfield Vital Records, 1635-1665, in Lan Records, Vol. I," TAG 9(1932-33); 27-031, at 27
25 - Manwaring, 2:80; Gale Ion Harris, "Walter Harris of Wethersfield, CT," NEHGR 142(1988): 323-49, at 325, 328, 343. The flawed sketch of this Taylor family in Stiles, Aincient Wethersfield, 2:6990700 confuses the parents and grandparents of John Taylor's wife Sarah Scone.
26 - Hale, House 691-92; NEHGR 146(1991); 322-24
27 - NEHGR 72(1918): 212-13; Susan Woodruff Abbott, Woodruff Genealogy: Descendants of Matthew Woodruff of Farmington, Ct (Milford, 1963), 9.
CHURCH MEMBERSHIP: Admission to Dorchester church prior to 14 May 1634 implied by freemanship.
FREEMAN: 14 May 1634 (as "Edmond Harte," eighth in a sequence of ten Dorchester men) [ MBCR 1:369].
EDUCATION: He made his elaborate mark to a deed in 1666 [ SLR 5:82].
ESTATE: Granted sixteen acre Great Lot at Dorchester, 16 January 1632/3 [ DTR 1]; "John Phillips shall have for Edward Hart three-quarters of an acre meadow at Squantum Neck," 1 February 1635/6 [ DTR 15]; received Lot #53, four acres, in the meadows beyond Naponset [ DTR 321].
Granted eighteen acre Great Lot in Weymouth, 1636 [ Weymouth Hist 199]; granted Lot #49, seven acres, in the first division, and Lot #19, twenty-one acres, in the second division, 14 December 1663 [ Weymouth Hist 200-01].
In the Weymouth land inventory of about 1643 "Edmond Hart" held three parcels of land: eleven acres in the East Field, "first granted to him"; three acres in Kingoke Hill, "first granted to Aingell Hollard"; and eighteen acres among the Great Lots [ Weymouth Hist 188].
On 5 September 1664 "Edmond Hart of Weimouth" sold to James Nash Senior of the same "my dwelling house & lot adjacent thereunto being twenty acres more or less ... land first granted to Edward Sarell alienated from him to Timothy Wales from him to Stephen French & now in the possession of me Edmond Hart," also "my two divisions of commons," also "all my right title & interest in the town" [ SLR 5:82].
On 17 October 1664 "Edmund Hart lately of Waymouth, planter," purchased of Praisever Turner of Northampton, miller, one-half of two parcels which Turner had purchased of Edward Griswold of Windsor, at Worronoco, "being seven or eight miles ... from Springfield": one-half of twenty-five acres of meadow, and one-half of twenty-five acres of upland meadow (the other half of each lot being sold to Cornelius Merrey) [ HamLR A:58].
30 September 1672: "Edmund Hart of Westfield dying suddenly this sennight past inquiry was made by a jury of 12 men concerning his death who found it to be by the immediate hand of God in thunder & lightning as they conceive; their verdict is on file. And the said Edmund Hart dying intestate the inventory of his estate was presented to this Court and power of administration upon is granted to George Phelps which he accepted of. Also Elisha Hart son of Edm[un]d Hart being weak to manage his own matters chose his uncle the said Geo[rge] Phelps for his guardian whom the court approved of for that end" [ HamPR 1:147].
The inventory of the estate of "Edmund Hart late of Westfield deceased" was signed 25 July 1673 and totalled £68 16s. 6d. including real estate valued at £96 1s.: "eleven acres of meadow £55"; "twenty acres of land in the woods £40"; "a homelot Fortside four acres land not taken up £1 1s." There was a debt due to Aaron Cooke from "Edmund Hart ... his son-in-law John Scone can testify to it." "There is also a cow John Scone hath not inventoried which is said to be given to Scone's wife: Also Edward Neale hath one acre of land: Also John Greet hath one acre of land not inventoried" [ HamPR 1:148].
On 31 March 1674 the court further ordered that the distribution of the estate of Edmund Hart of Westfield be "that Elisha Hart (for that he is very weak for abilities of his mind ... being crazy in his body) shall have £15 of the said estate"; "Edm: Hart's daughters shall have the rest of the estate in equal portion: and if any of the daughters shall die before distribution of the estate be made such portion shall go to the children of such daughters if they have any; and Elisha Hart having at the last court at Springfield chosen his Uncle George Phelps for his guardian whom that court allowed of, this court declares that no person shall trade or bargain with said Elisha without consent of his said guardian" [ HamPR 1:154].
BIRTH: By about 1610 based on receipt of land grant early in 1633.
DEATH: Westfield about 23 September 1672, "by the immediate hand of God in thunder and lightning" [ HamPR 1:147].
MARRIAGE: By about 1638 _____ _____; she died Weymouth 20 August 1659.
i ELIZABETH, b. say 1638; m. Weymouth 26 June 1661 John Moor.
ii MARTHA, b. Weymouth 12 October 1640 (record says "Mathew son of Edmund," but there is no other record for a Mathew, and Martha must have been born about this time); m. Weymouth 24 January 1662[/3] Edward Neale.
iii Daughter, b. say 1642; implied by estate of Elisha Hart.
iv Daughter, b. say 1644; implied by estate of Elisha Hart.
v CHARITY, b. say 1646; m. by 1677 Thomas Loveland, one of the two administrators of Elisha Hart's estate [ TAG 72:42-48].
vi MARY, b. say 1648; m. by about 1668 John Greet [ TAG 72:42-48].
vii EXPERIENCE, b. say 1650; m. and in 1677 divorced William Shepard of Westfield [ TAG 70:82-83].
viii SARAH, b. say 1653; m. (1) by 25 July 1673 John Scone of Westfield [ HamPR 1:148]; m. (2) Springfield 15 July 1692 John Burbank [ NEHGR 61:139].
ix ELISHA, b. by 1658 (and probably before 1651); living 30 September 1672 "being weak to manage his own matters," and chose "his uncle George Phelps" guardian [ HamPR 1:147]; d. Windsor by 9 October 1683; the inventory of the estate of "Elisha Heart" was taken at Windsor 9 October 1683 and at Westfield 4 December 1683; administration was granted to Edward Neale and Thomas Loveland, and the court ordered distribution to "said Heart's eight sisters, to each an equal portion" [ Manwaring 1:320].
ASSOCIATIONS: Elisha Hart chose his uncle George Phelps as his guardian in 1672, suggesting that Edmund Hart's wife was a Phelps, or that Hart's sister or his wife's sister was one of the two wives of George Phelps.
BIBLIOGRAPHIC NOTE: In 1997 Gale Ion Harris provided the evidence and arguments in favor of the identities and spouses of the immigrant's daughters Mary and Charity [ TAG 72:40-48]. 
Religion: Admission to Dorchester church prior to 14 May 1634 implied by freemanship.
Note: Elisha Hart chose his uncle George Phelps as his guardian in 1672, suggesting that Edmund Hart's wife was a Phelps, or that Hart's sister or his wife's sister was one of the two wives of George Phelps.
Source: S459 Title: Great Migration Begins - Immigrants to New England 1620-1633, The, Edition: first Abbreviation: Great Migration Begins Author: Robert Charles Anderson Publication: New England Historic Genealogical Society, Boston, MA, 1995 Repository: #I1
No REPO record found with id I1.
Source: S55 Title: American Genealogist, The Abbreviation: TAG Repository: #R62
Repository: R62 Name: Family History Library Address: 35 W Temple City: Salt Lake City State: UT
Source: S631 Title: New England Historical & Genealogical Society Website Abbreviation: NEHGS Website
Source: S94 Title: History of Weymouth Massachusetts Abbreviation: Weymouth MA history Author: Walter, George Publication: Chamberlain, MS, 1923