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Specific record information is unavailable as the vital records for Elizabethtown New Jersey were destroyed during the Revolutionary War, as were many church records lost during the same period. Our family has been using land records, and family associations to determine much of our information. We know for a fact due to Y-DNA testing that this family is of the line of what we call Daniel Henry Hendrick of Haverhill, Massachusetts. Through family records and letters held by the California Historical Society and copies by Scott Hammon Hendricks and documentation from the political biographies and essays of U.S. Vice-President Thomas Andrews Hendricks we have concrete evidence of the descendants of Daniel Hendrick(s) of Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania. Where we have had to make assumptions (based on the best evidence available) is the father of Daniel Hendrick(s) of Westmoreland County.
From The Frontier Hendricks by John Scott Davenport, PhD. “Bear in mind that we know very little of Daniel Hendricks, Sr.'s activities before he and his sons Abraham (b. 1749, ancestor of the politically-prominent Hendricks), Absalom, and Daniel, Jr., appeared in the Ligonier Valley of Western Pennsylvania in the opening years of the 1770s. We have only that 50-acre land warrant on Waters of Antietam in Cumberland (now Franklin) County, PA, that Daniel Hendricks took out in 1756 and Adam Hendricks, (eldest son of South Henry ?), sold before 1765 as an indication of his whereabouts before 1772. When they appeared in the Ligonier Valley, Daniel, Sr., and his sons were all accomplished Frontiersmen and veteran Indian fighters, suggesting long seasoning to the rugged life and creatures of the wilderness. When others retreated East during the Indian attacks in the early 1780s, Daniel, Sr., and his sons went West to the Monongahela settlements, put their families into fortified stockades, then joined Ranger companies and went looking for Indians....Contemporary surveys indicate that both Daniel, Sr., and Abraham were on their respective adjoining tracts in 1775. Absalom was nearby, but while he was tax-listed for land prior to the Revolution, he apparently never formally established a claim and left no record behind when he followed John Hinkson to Kentucky in 1783. Daniel, Jr., was still a boy in the 1770s--whether it was he or his father who served in the Frontier Rangers and the 5th Pennsylvania (Continental Line) during the Revolution along with Absalom is yet unclear.” P 15
"The Hendricks family settled in West Fairfield, north of Ligonier, prior to 1782. In 1784, Abraham Hendricks was named a Westmoreland County judge. His sons, born there, ultimately headed west to Ohio, where grandson Thomas was born at Zanesville." Greensburg marks 207th anniversary By Robert B. Van Atta, for the TRIBUNE-REVIEW - Sunday, February 5, 2006
"Sometime in the early 1740’s, GGGGG Grandfather Daniel married Ann Stewart. They probably remained in Elizabethtown, NJ after their marriage and soon began a family. Daniel Jr. was born in 1745, followed by Abraham, born 4 November 1750, David in 1752 and my GGGG grandfather, Absalom, born in approximately 1753. Daniel and Ann were also believed to have two or three other children, William, Thomas and Rachel, but their dates of birth are uncertain. Much of this difficulty again stems from the loss of records in Elizabethtown during the Revolution that most assuredly would have shed more light on these questions. They may have been born sometime between Daniel Jr. in 1745 and Abraham in 1750, and/or after Absalom’s birth in 1753. GGGGG Grandfather Daniel Hendricks (from this point forward referred to as “Daniel Senior”) soon decided to move on, seeking to settle in another region of the country - the wilds of western Pennsylvania. (THE HENDRICKS by researcher Jim Stephenson. 2009)
The History of Westmoreland County. PA states that Westmoreland County opened for settlement when the land office opened in 1769. That may have been when the Daniel Hendricks family migrated along with the Ogden and Jamison families, all from from Elizabethtown, NJ. It's known there were close connections between these families by marriage and by property transactions. The biographies of Abraham, William, and Thomas A. all make reference to family ties back to New Jersey. This is more than a coincidence. The onion need to be pealed in Elizabethtown, New Jersey. Pg 3-175. Martin Hendrix Four descendents of this Danel Hendricks have submitted to 37-marker Y-DNA tests. Subjects include three descendents of Daniel's son, Absalom Hendricks, and one descendent of Daniel's son, Abraham Hendricks. The descendents of Absalom and Abraham are a match with each other, and there is a distance of 2 between them and descendents of Daniel Hendrick of Haverhill, MA, when their 37 markers are compared. This is definitive proof they share a recent common ancestor, most likely Daniel Hendrick of Haverhill, MA (1610-1700). Y-DNA tests were conducted by Family Tree DNA, 2005-2007. Additional Hendricks subjects are sought to participate. (Administrator: Martin Hendrix [firstname.lastname@example.org])
Daniel Hendrick of Haverhill, MA was the first immigrant of his y-DNA line to arrive in America. His descendants have a very special marker, DYS392 = 10.2, that indicates the earliest ancestors of this line were probably from the Baltic Region. There are no surviving records that reveal when Daniel’s ancestors arrived in England. There are no surviving records to indicate that Daniel of Haverhill was anything other than a British subject. In terms of country of origin, the majority of FTDNA Project participants with the rare DYS392 = 10.2 marker have a strong connection to the British Isles and Northern Europe. That is consistent with Ancestry’s breakdown for the distribution of this y-DNA profile. Great Britain 48%, Scandinavia 38%, Europe West 10%, Finnish/Northern Russia 4%, Europe East <1%.
An estimated two generations separate Daniel Hendricks of Westmoreland, PA and Daniel Hendrick of Haverhill MA. The missing generations linking these two Daniels haven't been identified, but by process of elimination, some prospects have been identified:
Per researcher Jim Stephenson: Daniel of Haverhill's son, Jabez (1651-1694) m. Hannah Moore. Jabez had migrated from Haverhill to the Elizabethtown and Piscataway, New Jersey area while Daniel and Dorothy's other descendents remained in Massachusetes or went to the Carolinas. Jabez and Hannah had a son, Abraham (1690-1722) m. Abigail Clark, and they had a son, Daniel, who would have been about the right age to be Daniel of Westmoreland Co. PA. It is known that many Westmoreland Co. Pennsylvania settlers were from New Jersey. (data from Jim Stephenson)
The History of Kentucky, by Z.F. Smith, 1886 details an account of a Hendricks man being killed by Indians in the area of lower Blue Lick. This man may have been the son of Daniel Hendricks, Sr. Early Kentucky explorer, Simon Kenton told of being surprised one day at meeting two men, Fitzpatrick and Hendricks at the lower Blue Lick on Licking River. "They had wandered thus far interior without food, or guns to procure it, their canoe having been upset in a squall on the Ohio. Hendricks acceded to Kenton’s invitation to join their station, while the other insisted on returning to Virginia. (Virginia claimed much of Pennsylvania at the time) Leaving Hendricks at the camp, Kenton and Williams conducted Fitzpatrick to the Ohio, equipped him with gun and ammunition, and took leave of him on the north side of the Ohio, opposite the Maysville site. At once returning, they were surprised and alarmed to find the camp unoccupied and in disorder. Nor far away they discovered smoke ascending in a ravine, and at once divined the situation. Hendricks had been captured by Indians, and the Indians fled to the woods. Next morning, cautiously approaching the spot where the smoke was seen, Kenton and Williams found that the savages had departed. Inspecting more closely, they were horrified to find the skull and bones of unfortunate Hendricks. The fiends had burned him at the stake." (History of Kentucky, supra, at p. 60.)
There are two clues to suggest that the Hendricks who met this horrible fate may have been a son of Daniel Hendricks, Sr. (1) The area where he was found at Blue Lick was near the John Hinkson settlement. Hinkson had been a friend and neighbor of Hendricks family in PA. (2) Daniel's son, Absalom later migrated to KY and settled near Hinkson. (3) The biography of Absalom's g-grandson, John W. Hendricks, states that Absalom had a brother who was killed by Indians at Blue Lick. /Carol Wilson's research notes
Written by Carol Wilson, descendant of Absalom Hendricks of Kentucky
Daniel was born about 1720 - 1722. Daniel Hendrick ... He passed away about 1796. 
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Frontier Hendricks by John Scott Davenport, PhD & professional genealogist
Family Tree DNA - kit # 78109
In the opinion of 5 Hendrick researchers Israel is our best guess as father of the Unknown Hendrick who is the father of Daniel Hendrick of Westmoreland Co., PA -- If anyone has any help finding the name of Daniel's father please contact me.
In the opinion of 5 Hendrick researchers Israel is our best guess as father of the Unknown Hendrick who is the father of Daniel Hendrick of Westmoreland Co., PA -- If anyone has any help finding the name of Daniel's father please contact me. ********** 12/07/2013 Further research has lead us in a different direction, to Israel's brother Jabez. Jabez migrated to New Jersey and all indications the Westmoreland Hendrick line came through New Jersey to a section of Western Virginia which ultimately became part of Pennsylvania. We are still looking for a solid link to parentage of Daniel Hendricks of Westmoreland Co. PA to the progenitor family Daniel Henry Hendrick of Haverhill MA
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It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Daniel by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA. Y-chromosome DNA test-takers in his direct paternal line on WikiTree:
- Scott Hendricks : Family Tree DNA Y-DNA Test 37 markers, haplogroup I-M253, Ysearch U3R5B, FTDNA kit #78109
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