John Jenney

John Jenney

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Captain John Jenney
Born in Norwich, Norfolk, Englandmap
Son of [father unknown] and [mother unknown]
[sibling(s) unknown]
Husband of — married in Leyden, South Holland, Netherlandsmap
Died in Plymouth, Plymouth, Massachusettsmap
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Categories: Puritan Great Migration | Little James, sailed June / July 1623.

The Puritan Great Migration. This person was part of the Puritan Great Migration.
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Contents

Disputed Origins

Claims have been made that he was the son of Henry Jenney and Mary Smythe but there is no documentation to support such a claim. Please do not attach parents without sufficient evidence of proof. Thank you.

Biography[1],[2],[3]

John Jenny's origins or family may have been initially from Norwich, England. He was residing in Leiden, Holland, prior to emigration to New England. He was born by 1589 based on date of marriage.

He emigrated in 1623 in the Little James, settling in Plymouth. He was a brewer and miller (but apparently not a very good one). [PCR 1:118, 2:76] He also served as a translator for Dutch immigrants.

He married in Leiden 1 Nov 1614 Sarah Carey, of Monk's Soham, Suffolk [Leiden 135]; she died at Plymouth between 18 August 1655 (codicil to will) and 5 Mar 1665/6 (probate of will).

For trading with the Indians, against the law, John Jenney was presented at Court, on January 6, 1636/7, in the following manner:

"Whereas John Jenney Thomas Willett and George Watson did, contrary to the auncient lawes of this colony, trade wth the Indians for corne, and therby boththe quantitie of corne & the value thereof was forfaited to the collony, and that there upon the corne so traded contrary to law was seized to the use of the collony, and that afterwards, by a publicke order made in Court, it was referred to the bench, the said bench doth now order, that thone (the one) halfe of the said corne, and the forfaiture besides, shalbe freely given to them againe, and thother (the other) halfe of the corne shalbe delivered to the Treasurer for the use of the collony, to be disposed as the bench shall think fit." [4]

He died in Plymouth between 28 December 1643 (date of will) and 25 May 1644 (date of inventory). [5]

The name Jenne changed to Jenney somewhere in the time between father and son. Documentation has been found for both father and John that show both spellings of the last name. It appears that he adopted the spelling "Jenney" around the time he was first elected Assistant to the Governor.

Public Service[6][7]

Date: AFT 1633
Place: Plymouth, Plymouth Co., MA
Note: Plymouth Assistant, 1637, 1638,1639, 1640
Deputy for Plymouth to General Court, 1 June 1941
Committee to assess colony, 2 January 1633/4; 2 March 1635/6
Committee to lay out highways, 1 October 1634
Committee to control wages & prices, 5 January 1635/6
Committee on reuniting Plymouth and Duxbury, 14 March 1635/6
Committee on revising laws, 4 October 1636
Committee to apportion haygrounds, 20 March 1636/7
Committee to survey meadows, 5 May 1640
Committee on providing soldiers against the Indians, 27 September 1642
Plymouth Colony list of men able to bear arms, 1643

Children

  1. Samuel, b Leiden abt 1616, apprenticed 4 years 1633; m1 aft 1637 Susanna Wood [NEHGR 69:188-89; TAG 35:70-72]; m2 by 1657 Anne Lettice... [MD 14:64, citing PCPR 4:2:11]
  2. child, bur Leiden 1618 [Dexter 619]
  3. Abigail, b abt 1621; m in Plymouth 28 Apr 1644 Henry Wood [PCR 2:79]
  4. Son, b 1623 aboard Little James; d bef 1627
  5. Sarah, b abt 1625; m Plymouth 29 May 1646 Thomas Pope [PCR 2:98]
  6. John, b by 1627; named in father's but not mother's will; no further record [i.e., likely died btw 1643 and 1655]
  7. Susanna, b abt 1634; m by 1654 Benjamin Bartlett, son of Robert Bartlett
"At just the time John Jenney died [1644], a great exodus from Plymouth to points southward was setting in "by reason of the straitness and barrenness of the place" [1], and John's son Samuel, then about twenty-eight years old, joined in the migration, going to Portsmouth, where he bought land of Thomas Hazard [2], married a daughter of John Wood [3], and on July 10, 1648, together with his father-in-law, was admitted of Portsmouth [4]."[8]

John Jenny's Will & Testament & Inventory[9],[10],[11],[12]

The last Will and Testament of John Jenney of Plymouth gent lately Deceased exhibited to the genrall Court the fift of June in the xxth yeare of the now Raigne of our Sovraigne Lord Charles Kinge of England &c.
I John Jenney of New Plymouth in New England being sick and weake in body but through Gods speciall goodnes in pfect memorie Do thinke meete to settle that estate the Lord in mercy hath bestowed on me according as I conceive hee requireth at my hands. And therefore Do ordaine this my last will and testament. And therefore haveing bequeathed my soule to God that gave it and my body to the earth whereof it is
I do give unto my eldest Sonne Samuell Jenney a Double porcon of all those lands I stand possessed of or have right unto wthin the Goverment of new Plymouth my will being pformed
next of all I give unto Sarah my loveing wyfe whom I ordaine my Executrix my Dwelling house and Mille adjacent together wth all the lands thereunto belonging, my will being that shee freely and fully enjoy it together wth all other my moveables goods and chattells so long as God shalbe pleased to continue her life except such as I shall after Dispose of or shee shall willingly and freely part wth to any our children according to my will and Desire
Alsoe whereas Abigaile my eldest Daughter had somewhat given her by her grandmother and Henry Wood of Plymouth aforesaid is a suter to her in way of marriage my will is that if shee the said Abigaile will Dwell ye full yeare wth mr Charles Chauncey of Scittuate before her marriage (pvided he be willing to entertaine her) that then my said Daughter Abigall have two of my cowes and my full consent to marry wth the said Henry Wood And in case mr Chauncey be against it then I would have her dwell wth mrs Winslowe of Careswell the said terme of one yeare ffurther
as I have given to my eldest sonn Samuell a double porcon of all my lands whatsoever after the death of his said mother so also I give him a Double porcon of my whole estate wth the rest of my children vizt John[,] Abigall[,] Sarah and Susann[,]
My will being that after the death-of my said wyfe my house and mill and other my lands and goods be sold or valued to the utmost they are worth and that the estate be equally Distributed amongst my said children Samuell[,] John[,] Abigall[,] Sarah and Susan as followeth: Samuell to have a double peon and the rest of them eich a single & equall porcon of the same Last of all I do ordaine my worthy frends mr Wm Bradford now Goveror of Plymoth and mr Thomas Prence of the same the Ovrseers of this my last will and testament and Dv give eich of them a paire of gloves of five shillings price And in witnes that this is my Will I have hereunto sett my hand & seale the xxviiith of December Anno Dm 1643.

Witnesses hereunto John Jenney (seale); Edward Winslowe; Thomas Willett; William Paddy.

A true Inventory of all the goods chattells and cattells wch were mr John Jenneys lately Deceased taken and appnse by Willm Paddy and Nathaniell Sowther the xxvth Day of May Anno Dm 1644 £ s d [reformatted for easier reading]
  • Inpris two cowes 10 06 08
  • It one three yeres old heiffer 04 13 04
  • It iiii ewe sheepe 06 00 00
  • It one ewe sheepe 01 00 00
  • It three weather sheepe 02 05 00
  • It 1 cow calfe 00 12 00
  • It three oxen 19 00 00
43 17 00
In the chamber ovr the parlor
  • It 1 little feather bed & two boulsters 01 00 00
  • It 1 pillow 00 02 06
  • It 2 blanketts 00 10 00
  • It 1 pere of old sheets 00 05 00
  • It 1 old chest 00 02 00
  • It 1 new sheete 00 06 00
  • It 5 fine old sheets 01 05 00
  • It 5 paire of old sheets at 5s 4d 01 06 08
  • It 8 pillow beers at 20d 00 13 04
  • It i halfsheete & a peece of old linnen cloth 00 03 00
  • It 1 table cloth 00 04 00
  • It 9 old napkins at 4d 00 03 00
  • It a little towell & old linnens 00 02 00
  • It 1 old trunck 00 00 08
  • It a baskett wth Dressed hemp in it 00 02 06
  • It xlb of feathers 00 06 08
06 12 04
In the Parlor
  • It vi sett cusheons 00 10 00
  • It a feather bed and furniture to yt 3 old blanketts i old greene rugg & curtaine 3 10 0
  • It an old warmeing pann 00 02 06
  • It a chest 00 02 00
  • It 9 napkins at 6d 00 04 06
  • It 4 fine old napkins 00 02 00
  • It 1 long towell 00 01 08
  • It 2 Diap cloths 00 01 04
  • It 8 course napkins 00 03 04
  • It old linnen table cloths 00 04 00
  • It 1 seeled chest 00 06 08
  • It a short carpett 00 03 00
  • It a carpett 00 06 08
  • It his wearing apparell 03 00 00
  • It 5 yards cotton Darnix 5s a black hatt 12s 00 17 00
172
  • It a chaire table 42 & a featherbed tick 26 01 00 00
  • It 2 beere barrells & other lumber 00 04 00
  • It 3 silver spoones 00 15 00
08 04 08
[fol. 51]
In the Dwelling house
  • It i smale globe 00 02 06
  • It Cartwright on the Rehemist testament 00 08 00
  • It mr Downams workes 00 08 00
  • It i old bible 00 01 00
  • It other old bookes 00 04 00
  • It a kneadeing trough & cover 00 08 00
  • It 2 joyne stooles 1 forrne and a chaire 00 07 06
  • It i spinninge wheele 00 04 00
  • It 3 old peecs a pistoll & a paire of bandeliers 01 10 00
  • It 3 salts & 2 smale pewter cupps 00 03 00
  • It 2 quart potts & a pint pott 00 06 04
  • It x peecs of pewter 32l & 3 porringers 01 15 04
  • It x peecs more of pewter 24l 01 04 00
  • It 3 smale latten pans 00 01 06
  • It i larg latten pan 00 01 00
  • It a pewter bottle 00 00 02
  • It 3 smaler kettles 00 11 00
  • It a bras cover 00 00 03
  • It a smale bras pann 00 12 00
  • It 2 larg bras kettle 22l at 26 01 08 00
  • It i copper kettle 22l at 01 01 00
10 16 07
  • It i larg copper kettle 01 05 00
  • It i frying pann 00 02 00
  • It a skimmer and an old bras ladle 00 00 08
  • It a bras candlestick 00 01 06
  • It a bras posnett 00 02 00
  • It a larg iron pott 00 10 00
  • It 4 other iron potts broken & maymed & a posnet 00 16 00
  • It 1 iron kettle 00 05 00
  • It a fire shovell & a paire of tonges 00 02 00
  • It 3 paire of pott hooks 00 02 00
  • It 2 paire of pott hangers 00 05 00
  • It for trees payles & other lumber 00 05 00
  • It a black bill 00 01 08
03 17 10
In the Dary house.
  • It 8 earthen panns & potts & tubbs 00 05 00
  • It 3 trees & a kimnell 00 02 06
  • It an earthen bason 00 00 02
  • It a churne 00 02 00
  • It a cheese presse 00 02 06
00 12 02
In the chamber over the house.
*It two bed steads 00 12 00
  • It a feather bed & boulster & two pillowes 02 00 00
  • It i old rugg and a blankett 00 06 00
  • It i paire of sheets 00 07 00
  • It i smale seacanvas feather bed & boulster wth cotton 00 12 06
  • It iiii old blanketts 00 12 00
  • It 2 pillowes & pillow beers 00 07 00
  • It i joyned table 00 12 00
  • It i longe wheele 00 04 00
  • It 2 old axes 00 02 00
  • It 1 smal adds & other old iron 00 07 00
  • It 2 old netts 00 05 00
  • It an old cartrope 00 02 00
  • It 2 jarrs tubs & old baskets & lumber 00 05 00
  • It a paire of steeleyards 00 06 08
  • It 18 bushells of wheate 03 12 00
  • It vi bushells of barley 01 04 00
11 16 02
Without Doores.
  • It 3 yeokes 00 07 06
  • It a paire teases for a single oxe 00 02 06
  • It i old Harrow 00 01 06
  • It i old weane and wheeles 04 00 00
  • It 2 cheanes & a broken one 00 14 00
  • It i old plow an ovrworne coulter & share & hooke 00 09 00
  • It a broken sith a clevis pin & old saw & a yeoke & fork 00 01 00
  • It i boate vi£ xs whereof she* hath a third pte 02 03 04
  • It ii bushells & a peck of wheate. 00 09 00
  • It iii bushells & a half of barley 00 14 00
  • It 5 pecks of peas 00 05 00
  • It i bushell of oates 00 02 00
  • It to receive for the salt panns 08 06 08
  • It 5 sides at tanning 04 10 00
22 05 06
Sum totall 108£ . 03s . 03d .

Nathaniel Sowther William Paddy.

[fol. 52]
Debts oweing by the Testator.
  • It To Samuell Chaundler 05 10 00
  • It To mr Paddy 04 00 00
  • It To Thom Pope 00 07 00
  • It To John Barnes 03 00 00
  • It To John Yeonge 01 02 00
  • It To Richard m: Chanceys man 00 04 00

* Sic.

Related Lines[13]

"The Jenney family of Plymouth in its second and third generations had close relations with Rhode Island; but, perhaps largely because of distorted spellings of the name, the relationship seems not to have been discovered by family historians. Gene, Jene, Geine, Gennie, Gennings, Jeninges, are only a few of name spellings found in Rhode Island records. Savage thought the Samuel who appeared in Portsmouth "perhaps" a brother of Thomas Jennings of that town. Austin enters Samuel and Samuel's son Job both as sons of the said Thomas; and Samuel's daughter "Susannah Ginney" he misreads as Susannah Grimes."
Those who are keeping a list of corrections for Austin's book should:
On p. 114 cancel the names of Samuel and Job as sons of Thomas Jennings.
On p. 400 change Susannah Grimes to Susannah Jenney or Ginney.


Sources

  1. Robert Charles Anderson, Great Migration Begins, Boston, MA: NEHGS 1995, pp 1089-1093; Anderson placed his references in [brackets]
  2. James Savage, Dictionary of the First Settlers of New England, Place: Publisher (Year), v.2, p.546
  3. Judith Jenney Gurney, Jenney Book - John Jenney of Plymouth and his Descendants, Baltimore, MD: Gateway Press, Inc. (1988), pp.1-20
  4. Plymouth colony records, Court Orders, vol. 1: 50; also Plymouth Colony Records, Laws, 1623-28: pt. 1: 25, 26
  5. Meredith B Colket, Founders of Early American Families - Emigrants from Europe 1607-1657, Cleveland, OH: General Court of the Order of Founders and Patriots of America (1975), p.161
  6. Anderson, GMB, vol 2, p. 1090
  7. Nathaniel B. Shurtleff & David Pulsifer, Records of the Colony of New Plymouth in New England, Boston, MA: 1855-1861, pp. 1:48, 79, 116, 140; 2:16; 1:26, 38; 1:31; 1: 36; 1:39; 1:41; 1:44; 1:55; 1:162; 2:45; 8:188
  8. Judith Jenney Gurney, Jenney Book - John Jenney of Plymouth and his Descendants, Baltimore, MD: Gateway Press, Inc. (1988), pp.1-20
  9. Mayflower Descendant, 8:171-172, citing Plymouth Colony Probate Records 2:1:18-21, fol. 50, 1644; entered by Brian McCullough; see also Plymouth Colony Wills and Inventories. 171
  10. Mayflower Descendant, vol. 6, pp. 169-74
  11. Nathaniel B. Shurtleff & David Pulsifer, Records of the Colony of New Plymouth in New England, Boston, MA: 1855-1861, vol. 2, pp. 38-39, 57; vol 7, pp 33-34
  12. Plymouth Colony Probate Records, vol. 1, p. 50
  13. Judith Jenney Gurney, Jenney Book - John Jenney of Plymouth and his Descendants, Baltimore, MD: Gateway Press, Inc. (1988), pp.1-20

See also:

  • ___, Colonial Records of Rhode Island, 1:300.
  • ___, The Mayflower Descendant, 10:71-72.
  • ___, NEHGR, 69:188-9.
  • ___, Plymouth Colony Deeds, vol. 1: 5,13.)
  • ___, Plymouth Colony Records, Court Orders, vol. 1: 24, 16, 21, 40, 56, 50; vol. 2: 26, 31
  • ___, Plymouth Colony Records, Laws, 1623-28, pt. 1: 26
  • ___, Portsmouth Early Records, pp. 37-38.
  • ___, Portsmouth [RI] Deeds, 1:48.
  • ___, Town Records of Plymouth, 1889, vol. 1: 11, 15, 167, 168
  • Baylies, New Plymouth, 2:250.
  • Bertha W. Clark, "Jenney of Plymouth and Rhode Island," in The American Genealogist, 35(Apr 1959):70-72
  • Davis, Landmarks of Plymouth, 1889: 251
  • Dexter, England and Holland of the Pilgrims, 1904 or 1905: pp. 506, 552, 608, 619, 623, 648, 649.
  • Nathaniel Morton, New-England's Memorial, Plymouth, MA: Author (1826)
  • Winslow, Hypocrisie unmasked, London, 1646, p 95, 509, 510.
  • Lora Altine Woodbury Underhill, Descendants of Edward Small of New England, Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin Co. (1934)
  • Alexander Young, Chronicles of the Pilgrim Fathers of the Colony of Plymouth, Baltimore, MD:
    • Author?, Edward Small and his Descendants, Vol, I, John Jenney Section, Cambridge, The Riverside Press, 1910, p. 488-522

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