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William Kinge

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William Kinge aka King
Born about in Sherborne, Dorset, Englandmap
Son of [father unknown] and [mother unknown]
[sibling(s) unknown]
Husband of — married in Sherborne, Dorset, Englandmap
Died about in Salem, Essex, Massachusetts, United Statesmap
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Categories: Puritan Great Migration | English Immigrants to America | Unknown, sailed Mar 20, 1635/6.

The Puritan Great Migration.
This person was part of the Puritan Great Migration.
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Contents

Biography

William Kinge was born in 1595 in Sherborne, Dorset County, England

William was a member of The Hull Company coming to America. There is a William Kinge, 28 years old on the passenger list for the Abigail, but there is also a William Kinge, 40 years old, with the Hull Company on an unspecified ship, possibly the Marygould, with wife Dorothy and four children: Mary, Katherine, William and Hannah. This second William Kinge is the correct age and has the right family to be the William in this profile.Watt-266 18:14, 30 January 2014 (EST)

William Kinge’s Marriage

L. Ackerly suggests that our William Kinge married Dorothy Hayne on 17 Feb 1616 in Sherborne. "A marriage record exists in Sherbourne Abbey Church of Saint Mary in Sherborne, Dorset, England for a William and Dorothy (Haynes) King, but there is no evidence that this marriage belongs to the immigrant couple other than coincidence of names. The fact that the oldest child, per the immigrant ship manifest, wasn't born till 1623 raises some doubt that this marriage is theirs, although it is possible they had children earlier who died. Birth records of the children born in England are not found in that parish, or anywhere else in England (yet). Thus, confirming evidence coming from subsequent birth records in that parish is lacking."

Another article states that William King married first an unknown wife who died in England before 1631, and secondly, about 1633, a Dorothy.

The Church where they were married “in the pretty town of Sherborne in Dorset, is a grand parish church that is considered one of the best examples of Perpendicular architecture in Britain. Sherborne Abbey is one of only 18 churches to receive five stars in Simon Jenkins' book England's Thousand Best Churches.

Sherborne Abbey is famed for its Perpendicular architecture, especially its beautiful fan vaulting that covers virtually the entire interior. The fan vaults are expertly executed and each fan is a complete semicircle.

The vault intersections are decorated with bosses that are masterpieces of medieval carving. They reflect current events and society in 15th-century Sherborne, and include the red and white roses of the civil war, the coat of arms of Henry VII, and simple scenes of domestic life and legends. There are several Green Men with foliage emerging from their mouths. There is a mermaid holding a mirror and comb high up in the eastern bay of the nave.

More charming medieval carvings are in the choir, where 10 misericords survive intact. Scenes include a woman beating her husband, a master beating a boy (the welts on his bottom can be seen) and an old man selling cherries. The church bells ring out clear and strong, led by "Great Tom," a tenor bell given to the abbey by Cardinal Wolsey.”

William and Dorothy Emigrate in 1635

William and Dorothy Kinge immigrated with their children to America on Mar 20, 1635 with "The Rev. Hull Company" on a ship called the Abigail.{I believe this to be incorrect. He was with the Hull Company, but the ship was probably the Marygould.Watt-266 18:14, 30 January 2014 (EST)) Most of the passengers on board were from Somerset, England. The Kinge family included:

William Kinge, aged 40 years. Dorothy, his wife, aged 34 years. Mary Kinge, his daughter, aged 12 years. Katheryne, his daughter, aged 10 years. William Kinge, his son, aged 8 years. Hanna Kinge, his daughter, aged 6 years.

The Reverend Joseph Hull graduated from St. Mary Hall, Oxford. In 1619, he was ordained by the Bishop of Exeter, serving during the next three years as the teacher, curate and minister of Colyton, Devonshire. His sermons were popular and he appears to have been associated with several other popular preachers of the region.

In the 1620's and 1630's there were a number of non-conformist curates who offered a "cure of the soul" under license, but who later resorted to itinerant preaching due to conflict with the official church. These gadding ministers or preachers did not receive set payment for their independent services and with the pressure mounting from the Church of England chose to leave the country rather than continue such a precarious and combative lifestyle. Hull seems to have somewhat straddled this roll.

In January 1635, Hull was prosecuted for preaching at Broadway without a license. He failed to respond to the court's citation and on February 17, 1635 was expelled from the Church of England. Hull had probably already gathered at least part of his company of emigrants, and was preparing, or prepared, to leave for New England when he was cited for illegal preaching in January 1635.

The Hull Company's ship left Weymouth about March 20, 1635. The voyage took forty-six days. The ship landed at Boston on May 6, 1635.

“On July 8, 1635, the General Court of Boston passed an order giving permission to the Rev. Joseph Hull, with twenty-one families numbering about one hundred persons, to settle at Wessagussett” south east of Boston. The settlement's name was changed to Weymouth by Hull's congregation.

William Kinge Farms in Massachusetts

William and his family seem to have moved directly to Salem about 1635. William spent the rest of his life there.

William Kinge was a freeman as early as 1636 and was granted forty acres of land by the Town of Salem in the fall of that year. On February 4, 1638/9, he petitioned the Salem Selectmen 'to have the land layed out that the Town had granted him.'

The land granted to Mr.Kinge was bounded east and south by Bass River, the northerly point being at about the junction of Matthies and McKay Streets and from that point, southwesterly as the wall runs; thence southeasterly to the river at a point west of the School for the Deaf on Elliott Street, near Herrick's Bridge. The cove running into the land at this point was formerly called 'King's Cove.'

Mr. Kinge chose wisely in selecting this site for his settlement. The land is of high elevation, surrounded by water on the south and east, and, though some of it could be used only for grazing purposes, a large portion of its acreage contained as good tillage land as can be found in the district.

The territory within the boundaries of the granted lands is now traversed by Echo Avenue, Pierson Street, Glidden Street, Sturtevant Street, Matthies Street, and a portion of McKay Street.

The acreage exceeded forty, as an early instrument contains an estimate of fifty acres. Mr. King built a house near the river on the north portion of his land and lived there until he died .

William Kinge has Quaker Sympathies

William was a member of the First church at Salem, but in 1637 joined the Antinomians and came under the ban of the Salem authorities. He was requested to sever his connection with the new church or have his arms taken away from him. He remained with the new faith and gave up his gun to Lieutenant Danforth. Later he was banished for a time for sheltering the persecuted Quakers.

Antinomianism is a pejorative term leveled against Christians who do not obey church doctrine. In William’s case, it probably means that he embraced Quakerism. His son, William, Jr, was persecuted by his community for supporting Quakers.

His daughter Katherine, married a staunch Quaker, John Swezey. William Hallock disinherited one of his boys for marrying one of the Quaker daughters of Katherine and converting to the Friends.

William apparently died intestate in 1652 in Salem at the age of 57. "The Probate Records of Essex County" pp 117-8 describe the probate of his Estate in Salem .

"Dorathie Kinge, widow, brought in an inventory of William Kinge, her late husband, 27:4:1650. Amount 141li. 18s. Four cows were adjudged to be her own estate.

Estate

"William Kinge dying intestate, his widow Dorothie Kinge and his eldest son William (to whom is given 14 li. for two oxen to teach his brothers his father's trade) were ordered by the court held last 3rd day: 12: 1650, to dispose of the estate, which amounted to 112li. 10s.; Mary, his daughter, wife of John Scudder, 5li.; Katherine, wife of John Swaysy, his second daughter, 5li.; Hannah, his third daughter 10li.; Mehitable, his fourth daughter, aged fifteen, 5li.; and Deliverance, his fifth daughter, aged nine, 10li. John is to serve his brother William seven years and to have 16li. at the end of his time; Sam. to serve him three years and to have 12li.; and William to allow his mother, Dorathie Kinge, 2 shillings per week for her son John's service, beginning 1: 1: 1653. The two younger daughters, Mehitabell and Deliverance, are to remain with their mother. Mr. Battar and Sergant Palfree to divide the estate.

William Kinge agreed with his mother, Dorothie Kinge, to be relieved from his brother John Kinge, and that said John be apprenticed to his mother. The court 28: 9: 1651, consented to the agreement."

Dorothy was likely born as a Hayne and christened on 17 Feb 1593 in Portisham, Dorset County, England. She raised eight children She survived her husband and probably died in Southold, Long Island, New York, where she lived on land provided her by her son, Samuel, after William's death. She died later than 1684.

Name

William /King/
Surname: Kinge

Birth

About 1595
England
(aged 40 on 20 March 1634/5 [Hotten 285][1]
possibly Weymouth, Dorsetshire, England[2][3]

Immigration

1635 on the Marygould (on 20 March 1634/5, "William Kinge," aged 40, "Dorothy his wife," aged 34, "Mary Kinge his daughter," aged 12, "Katheryn his daughter," aged 10, "Will[ia]m Kinge his son," aged 8, and "Hanna King, his daughter," aged 6, were enrolled at Weymouth as passengers for New England on the Marygould [Hotten 285; GMN 7:9]. (Samuel King, son of this couple, was born in England and should have been included in this passenger list. The next line in this list, as printed, following the entry for Hannah King, is incomplete, and is simply "Somm'." This has been taken to be an abbreviation for Somerset, the residence of most of the passengers on this vessel. But this may in fact be the beginning of the entry for Samuel King, for some reason not completed.)[4]

Occupation

Landowner
Massachusetts[5]

Death

ABT 1649/50
Soon after 26 June 1649 [EQC 1:169; ELR 13:297]. Dorothy removed to Southould ater his death.
Salem, Essex, Massachusetts, United States[6][7]

Estate

On 3 February 1650/1, "William Kinge dying intestate, his widow Dorothie Kinge and his eldest son William (to whom is given £14 for two oxen to teach his brothers his father's trade) were ordered to dipose of the estate, which amounted to £112 10s., as follows: To William Kinge, eldest son, double portion, £20; Samuell, second son, aged eighteen years, £10; John, third son, aged thirteen, £10; Mary, his daughter, wife of John Scudd[e]r, £5; Katherine, wife of John Swaysy, his second daughter, £5; Hannah, his third daughter, £10; Mehitabell, his fourth daughter, aged fifteen, £10; and Deliverance, his fifth daughter, aged nine, £10. John is to serve his brother William seven years and to have £16 at the end of his time; Sam[uel] to serve him three years and to have £12; and William to allow his mother, Dorothie King, two shillings per week for her son John's service, beginning 1:1:1653. The two younger daughters, Mehitabell and Deliverance, are to remain with their mother. Mr. Battar and Sergeant Palfree to divide the estate" [EPR 1:117-18; EQC 1:206].[8]

Children of William and Dorothy

Mary King b. c. 1623 m. John Scudder

Katherine King b. c. 1625 m. John Swaysy

William King b. c. 1627

Hannah King b. c. 1629

Samuel King b. c. 1632

Mehitabel King b. c. 1635

Deliverance King b. c. 1641

John King b. c. 1647


Note

Note: On 20 November 1637, "Goodman King" was one of five Salem men who were disarmed as a supporter of Rev. John Wheelwright and Mrs. Anne Hutchinson [MBCR 1:212].

Marriage

Husband: William King
Wife: Dorothy Hayne
Child: Deliverance King

From Great Migration: In 1902 Lucy D. Akerly (and apparently Rufus King) took note of the marriage at Sherborne, Dorset, on 17 February 1616/7 of William King and Dorothy Hayne, and suggested that this marriage pertained to this immigrant [NYGBR 33:71]. In 1918 J. Gardner Bartlett stated (without providing any evidence or argumentation) that William King had two wives, of whom Dorothy was the second, and that he had four children with each of these wives [Bushnell Anc 31-32].

These two hypothese are mutually exclusive. The English marriagae record is certainly possible, but it seems a few years too early, based on both the approximate age of William and the ages of his children. Bartlett may have based his arrangement of the family on the apparent gap of six years between the birthdates of the fourth and fifth children. The gap is not, however, as great as this, and the total range of dates of birth for the eight children, from about 1623 to 1641, are well within the range of the fertility span of a single woman. We do not subscribe to either of these hypotheses, and simply state that William had a single wife Dorothy, surname unknown.

Marriage

17 Feb 1616
Sherborne, Dorset, England[9]

Marriage

17 FEB 1617
Abbey Church of St. Mary, Sherburne, Dorsetshire, England[10]

Sources

  • Source S28 Abbreviation: Great Migration Newsletter: Title: Great Migration Study Project (Boston, Massachusetts), Great migration Newsletter (Boston, Massachusetts: Great Migration Study Project, 1990-.) Repository: #R21 Title: William King (subscription required)
  • Repository R21 Name: New England Historic Genealogical Society Web Address: http://www.newenglandancestors.org/
  • Source: S195 Abbreviation: Mary Beth Wheeler - GENDEX - 11/98 Title: Mary Beth Wheeler -
  • Source: S174 Title: Seventeenth Century Colonial Ancestors of Members of the National Society Colonial Dames XVII Century, 1915-1975 Author: Mary Louise Marshall Hutton Publication: Baltimore, Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc. 1983 Repository: #R4
  • Repository: R4 Name: Placer County Genealogical Society Address: Auburn-Placer County Library
  • Source: S62 Abbreviation: Ancestry World Tree Title: Ancestry World Tree

Footnotes

  1. Source: #S28
  2. Source: #S195
  3. Source: #S62 Note: submitted by janderson@hockinghills.net
  4. Source: #S28
  5. Source: #S174 Page: page 148
  6. Source: #S195
  7. Source: #S28
  8. #S28 See also: Gen and Fam Hist of Central New York, Vol 3 pg 1157
  9. Source: #S-2126038441 Note: Int Mar Rec
  10. Source: #S195

Acknowledgements

  • WikiTree profile King-2501 created through the import of MarilynCardwellGedcomJuly2011.ged on Jul 10, 2011 by Marilyn Cardwell.
  • This person was created through the import of Eldred, Hallock, Hayes, Perrin.ged on 20 February 2011.
  • This person was created through the import of crt.ged on 10 March 2011.
  • WikiTree profile King-2827 created through the import of mike_walton_2011.ged on Aug 20, 2011 by Mike Walton.
  • WikiTree profile King-3880 created through the import of Mulkerin Family History Site.ged on Dec 15, 2011 by Samantha Mulkerin.
  • This person was created through the import of Eldred, Hallock, Hayes, Perrin.ged on 20 February 2011.
  • WikiTree profile King-3061 created through the import of Welder Family Tree.ged on Sep 10, 2011 by Deborah Anne Welder.


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On July 4, 2014 at 18:31GMT Theodore Palmer wrote:

Ann Bowdiedge-1 (1575 to 1625) has been given as the mother of William Kinge-44 but there seems to be no proper supporting evidence. I probably posted this maternity based on very old unverified records, so I am removing it, pending any convincing evidence.


On July 4, 2014 at 18:27GMT Theodore Palmer wrote:

William Kinge-14 has been given as the father of William Kinge-44 but there seems to be no proper supporting evidence. I probably posted this paternity based on very old unverified records, so I am removing it, pending any convincing evidence.


On July 4, 2014 at 04:06GMT John Schmeeckle wrote:

I'd like to see some documentation for the parents of William King.




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