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Catherine Lejeune Briard

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Catherine Lejeune Briard
Born in Martaize, Loudun, Vienne, Francemap [uncertain]
Daughter of and [mother unknown]
Wife of — married about in Acadiamap
Died before in Port-Royal, Acadie, Canadamap
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Categories: French Immigrants to Acadia | Port-Royal, Acadie | Acadians.

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Flag of France Catherine Lejeune Briard migrated from France to Acadia. Flag of Acadia

Contents

Biography

Catherine Lejeune is the Ancestral Matriarch of the Acadian Savoie family.

Catherine was born around 1633 [1]in France. She was the sister of Edmee Lejeune. It is often written that Pierre Lejeune was their father, but this is not known.

Catherine married Francois Savoie around 1644. Between 1645 and 1670, they had 9 children: Françoise, Germain, Marie, Jeanne, Catherine, François, Barnabé, Andreé, and Marie-France.[1]

Discussion

Ethnic Origins. Some have speculated that Catherine was Amerindian. The Mothers of Acadia maternal DNA project posts its ongoing Maternal DNA results here. To date, the haplogroup of both sisters is consistently reported as U6a7a, indicating European origins. Another group known as Ancestry Out of Acadia DNA PROJECT, posts its results here. They too report that Catherine and Edmee have European haplogroups. {TO DO: is there overlap in the reported results from both projects?)

Location of Birth. Regarding the Lejeune sisters' specific location of birth in France, Stephen remains silent presumably because there are no birth records. Massignon[2] has demonstrated that a number of familial alliances existed among the first settlers of Acadia PRIOR to their arrival in Acadia, which points to a common French origin. She believes they lived in the Acadian Governor d'Aulnay's seigneury in France near Loudon (comprising of the villages of Angliers, Aulnay, Martaizé and La Chausée). Regarding the Lejeune sisters, Massignon claims that they were allied with the Savoie through Catherine's marriage and the Gauterot through Edmee's marriage.</ref> It is not clear to me that the sisters married prior to their arrival in Acadia. Stephen White claims the Catherine married Savoie in Acadia.[3] Edmee's marriage around 1644 to Gauterot may have taken place in Acadia as he was among the first settlers[4] and was definitely in Acadia prior to 1650[1] (some claim 1636[citation needed]).

Timeline

1632 Treaty Saint-Germain-en-Laye cedes Acadia to France; Razilly brings ~300 elite men[5]
c1633 birth, in France
1636 Arrival of the first French families to settle permanantly[2]
c1651 marriage to François Savoie, in Acadia
c1652 birth, daughter Françoise
1654 British capture Port-Royal; French settlement ceases[6]
c1654 birth, son Germain
c1657 birth, daughter Marie
c1658 birth, daughter Jeanne
c1659 birth, daughter Catherine
c1663 birth, son François
c1665 birth, son Barnabé
c1667 birth, daughter Andreé
1667-70 Treaty of Breda cedes Acadia to the French; settlement resumes[7]
c1670 birth, daughter Marie-France
1671 residence, Port Royal
c1??? death

Sources

  • 1671 Acadian Census at Port Royal: Francois SAVOYE, 50, wife, Catherine LeJEUNE 38; children: Francoise 18, Germain 17, Marie 14, Jeanne 13, Catherine 9, Francoise 8, Barabe 6, Andree 4, Marie 2; cattle 4. Note: thre is an error in this English translation; baby Marie is 11/2 years in the French Census (See image to the right).
  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 White, Stephen A., Patrice Gallant, and Hector-J Hébert. Dictionnaire Généalogique Des Familles Acadiennes. Moncton, N.-B.: Centre D'études Acadiennes, Université De Moncton, 1999, Print, p 1048; 1456-1457.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Massignon, Geneviève. "Les parlers français d'Acadie, enquête linguistique", Librairie Klincksieck, Paris, 1962, 2 tomes, p32 (first French families in Acadia) p37 (Lejeune sisters' origins).
  3. White, Stephen A. La généalogie des trente-sept familles hôtesses des "Retrouvailles 94", Les Cahiers de la Société historique acadienne, vol. 25, nos 2 et 3 (1994). (Savoie)
  4. White, Stephen A. La généalogie des trente-sept familles hôtesses des "Retrouvailles 94", Les Cahiers de la Société historique acadienne, vol. 25, nos 2 et 3 (1994). Template:SW94 Gautrot
  5. George MacBeath, Biography – RAZILLY, ISAAC DE – Volume I (1000-1700) – Dictionary of Canadian Biography Toronto/Université Laval, 2003–, accessed November 20
  6. William I. Roberts, 3rd, “SEDGWICK, ROBERT,” in Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol. 1, University of Toronto/Université Laval, 2003–, accessed November 20, 2013
  7. In collaboration, “MORILLON DU BOURG,” in Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol. 1, University of Toronto/Université Laval, 2003–, accessed November 20, 2013

Note

Note: d'Entremont in his "Histoire du Cap-Sable, 1763", states the first Lejeune and his French wife arrived in Acadia before or during the time of Isaac de Razilly. Isaac de Razilly was appointed Governor fo Acadia in 1632 and died three years later in 1635. d'Enterment implies that the Lejeunes arrived in Acadia sometime prior to 1636. d'Entremont also notes the first Lejeune couple had three children at the time of their arrival in Acadia: Aimee Lejeune, born between 1622 & 1625, Pierre Lejeune, born after Aimee and before Catherine Lejeune, who was born about 1633. d'Entremont further states tha Pierre Lejeune II married an Amerindienne
Note: Author states "the Lejeune family is one of the oldest in Acadia" He also states the Lejeune family arrived in Acadia about 1636, which reaffirms d'Entremont, and that the family included Pierre Lejeune from the region of Poitu, France, his unnamed wife, and three children: Edmee, born in Poitu in 1622, Pierre II and "le bebe Catherine" Lejeune.
Page: Vol 1, No. 2, p. 55
Author: John Austin Young
Title: The Lejeunes of Acadia and the Youngs of Sothwest Louisiana
Abbreviation: John A. Young-LA&YSL
Publication: John Austin Young, Grand Pere Farm
Author: Rev. Clarence-Joseph d'Entremont
Title: Histoire du Cap-Sable de l'an mil au Traite de Paris, 1763
Abbreviation: d'Entremont - Histoire du Cap-Sable
Publication: Hebert Publications, Eunice, LA
Author: unknown
Title: Le Canada-Francais; Documents Sur L'Acadie
Abbreviation: Le Canada-Francais; Documents Sur L'Acadie

Acknowledgments

Thank you to Sandra Gifford for creating WikiTree profile Lejeune-222 through the import of Boudreau Family Tree.ged on Aug 19, 2013. Click to the Changes page for the details of edits by Sandra and others.

Notes to be reviewed

Né en France vers 1621, François Savoie est arrivé en Acadie avant 1651, date où il s'est marié à Catherine Lejeune. Neuf enfants sont issus de leur mariage, dont Germain, né vers 1654, qui épousa vers 1678 Marie Breau, fille de Vincent Breau et de Marie Bourque. Germain Savoie, l'aîné des douze enfants de ceux-ci, vit le jour vers 1682. Le 13 janvier 1709, à Port-Royal, il prit pour femme Geneviève Babineau, fille de Nicolas Babineau et de Marie -Marguerite Granger. Jean Savoie, l'aîné des dix enfants de ces derniers, naquit à Port-Royal, le 14 février 1710. Le 22 août 1735, au même endroit, Jean épousa Anne Landry, fille de Charles Landry et de Catherine Broussard. Peu après leur mariage, Jean et Anne s'établirent à Chipoudy. En 1755 ils se sont évadés des Anglais. On les retrouve par la suite à la rivière Miramichi. CONT 1. JEAN SAVOIE, m ANNE LANDRY. Enfants :</ref>
3. Catherine LEJEUNE. Born ca 1633. Catherine died in Port Royal, Acadia in 1672; she was 39. Was on the census for Port Royal, Acadia in 1671, age 38. Alias/AKA: LeJeune.
1671 Census at Port Royal: Francois Savoye 50, wife Catherine LeJeune; children: Francoise 18, Germain 16, Marie 14, Jeanne 13, Catherine 9, Francoise 8, Barabe 6, Andree 4, Marie 2; cattle 4
ca 1651 when Catherine was 18, she married Fran?s SAVOIE, in Port Royal, Acadia. Born ca 1621. Was on the census for Port Royal, Acadia in 1671, age 50. Occupation: laborer. Alias/AKA: SAVOYE.
They had the following children:
13 i. Fran?se (ca1652-1711)
14 ii. Germain (ca1654->1729)
15 iii. Marie 1 (ca1657-1741)
16 iv. Jeanne (ca1658-1735)
17 v. Catherine (ca1659-)
18 vi. Fran?s (ca1663-)
19 vii. Barnab?ca1665-)
20 viii. Andr?(ca1667-)
21 ix. Marie 2 (ca1670-<1714)
-----------------------------







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DNA
No known carriers of Catherine's mitochondrial DNA have taken an mtDNA test.

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Images: 2
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François Savoie et Catherine LeJeune
François Savoie et Catherine LeJeune

Port-Royal, Acadie map 1671 Comments: 0. WikiTree Popularity: 1.


 


Recensement de l'Acadie de 1671 Image 4
Recensement de l'Acadie de 1671 Image 4

[location?] [date?] Comments: 0. WikiTree Popularity: 1.


 


Collaboration

On June 4, 2014 at 00:50GMT Nina Pyne wrote:

I have just been following up on The Mothers of Acadia project and will be joining up soon.


On June 3, 2014 at 21:25GMT Denise Dati wrote:

Yes, Nina you should join The Mothers of Acadia project. It looks like your mtDna results fit right in with the group. My mtDna is Scottish but if I could join the group I would.


On June 3, 2014 at 21:07GMT Sandy Gifford wrote:

You should join The Mothers of Acadia project, now that you have your mtDna results. It is run By Lucie LeBlanc Consentino, and is free to join, through FTDNA. Your results and line are compared with others and verified by Stephen White (leading authority on Acadian History).

http://www.familytreedna.com/public/mothersofacadia/ Lucie also has a face book group https://www.facebook.com/groups/AcadianFrenchCanadianGenealogy/ This lady knows her stuff!!! Someone to definitely get in touch with.


On June 3, 2014 at 20:50GMT Denise Dati wrote:

I guess I am not up on this Metis/Acadian Heritage, however, I just read this on somebodies wiki page and I think it has something to do with native blood.

My Ancestry is purely French, so that leads me to believe Etienne Pellerin would have to be Metis, if you have any native blood in you. I am related to Catherine and Francis Savoie and they both came from France.


On June 3, 2014 at 20:33GMT Nina Pyne wrote:

I went through 23andme and found my DNA family and I've been researching both sides of my family. My mother was a Pothier and her mother was a Surette and there is a distinct line to Catherine Lejeune. I live in Ontario, but I was born in Nova Scotia. I have spent the afternoon researching my .08 Metis bloodline, which, according to my Nova Scotia research, comes from Jeanne Pellerin,Catherine's daughter. Jeanne Pellerin married Etienne Pellerin and that is where the Metis blood comes from. I cannot see how Etienne Pellerin has native connections, though. Jeanne P. married Pierre Suret and that is my maternal family line. I have a book, Metis/Acadian Heritage 1604-2004 by Roland Surette, that outlines most of the Acadian metis heritage.


On June 3, 2014 at 20:04GMT Denise Dati wrote:

I am guessing you did your Mitochondrial DNA and it came up as u6a7ala. This would be your mother's/mother's side of the family. Catherine and Francois Savoie are from my father's/mother's Canadian side. They came from France over to Canada.

Through your research have you uncovered your Canadian relatives? Follow your mother's/mother's side to see where it goes. Do you live in Canada currently? I didn't see your mutation on the map of contact points.


On June 3, 2014 at 17:15GMT Nina Pyne wrote:

This explanation of my DNA maternal line came up on this link: http://www.familytreedna.com/public/U6mtdna/default.aspx?section=results

U6a7a1a is defined by the mutations 2672 and 11929 and is an acadian cluster. The samples are all from Canada and are descendants of Edmée or Catherine Lejeune natives of France. Edmée Lejeune married at La Hève, Canada with François Gautreau about 1636, and Catherine Lejeune married at Port Royal, Canada with François Savoye about 1654.


On November 8, 2013 at 18:51GMT Lianne Lavoie wrote:

Removed Catherine's parents again for lack of evidence.

~Lianne


On August 3, 2013 at 17:18GMT Lianne Lavoie wrote:

I've read arguments for Catherine being of Mikmaq descent, and they argue that the reason her mtDNA was European is because at some point in her ancestry a Native man had a child with a European woman. But that wasn't very common at all; it was European men and Native women who often married in those days. So the evidence certainly points to Catherine being of European descent.


On August 3, 2013 at 13:56GMT Maurice Manuel wrote:

Paul,

I agree with you assessment that Catherine and Edmee are not of Mikmaq descent. They are both born of European Descent and Jeanne M. Kagigoniac is NOT their mother.]


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