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Edmée Lejeune (abt. 1624 - aft. 1693)

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Edmée "Aimée" Lejeune
Born about in Loudon, Vienne, Poitou-Charentes, Francemap [uncertain]
Wife of — married in Port-Royal, Acadie, Nova Scotia, Canadamap
Died after in Port-Royal, Acadiemap
Lejeune-21 created 8 Mar 2011 | Last modified | Last edit: 7 Aug 2016
23:02: John Riley edited the Status Indicators for Edmée Lejeune. [Thank John for this]
This page has been accessed 4,916 times.

Categories: French Immigrants to Acadia | Port-Royal, Acadie | Acadians.

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Flag of France Edmée Lejeune migrated from France to Acadia. Flag of Acadia

Contents

Biography

Edmée Lejeune is the ancestral matriarch of the Acadian Gautrot family.[1] She was born in France around 1624.[2] [3] She was the sister of Catherine Lejeune and Pierre II Lejeune. It is often written that Pierre Lejeune was their father, but this is not known.

Edmée and her siblings made their way to Acadia. Around 1644, Edmee married widower François Gautrot.[2] Between 1645 and 1668, the couple had nine children: Marie, Jean, Renée, Marguerite, François, Claude, Charles, Jeanne and Germain.

Francois owned a lot adjoining the side of the old Fort (which, according to Stephen White[2] was expropriated in 1705 to extend the Fort in Port-Royal). It is not clear how long the family they lived there.

In 1654, the family would have witnessed Port-Royal's capture by Robert Sedgwick, who led 300 British soldiers and volunteers.[4]:

"The [French] soldiers at Port-Royal, who numbered about 130 … put up a brief defence against Sedgwick. Setting up an ambush between the landing site of the English troops and the fort, the Frenchmen fired on the attackers but proved no match for the experienced Roundheads. The French soon "took their heels to ye Fort." On August 16 the fort surrendered... Sedgwick granted honourable terms, allowing the defenders to march out of the fort with flags flying, drums beating, and muskets at the ready. The soldiers and employees working at the fort were offered transportation back to France and given enough pelts to cover their wages."[5]

Although the commander of Port Royal left for France, most Acadians, including the Gautrot family, remained in Acadia. They were permitted to retain their land and belongings and were guaranteed religious freedom.[5] Dunn describes life in Acadia during the 16 years of nominal British rule:

"During the years of British rule, most of the Port-Royal population moved upriver away from the town. Using the agricultural practices initiated under D'Aulnay, the Acadians dyked and cultivated extensive salt marshes along the river and raised livestock. Through necessity, residents had reached an accommodation with New England traders who had become their sole source for the goods that they could not produce themselves... New England traders exchanged their goods for Acadian produce and furs... There were seventy to eighty families in the Port Royal area in 1665."

By 1671 the British had ceded Acadia to France and French settlement resumed.[6] In 1671[7], the family homestead had six arpents[8] under cultivation and they had 16 cattle and 6 sheep.

Edmee appears to have died between the 1693 and 1698 census.

Discussion

Ethnic Origins. Some have speculated that Edmée had an Amerindian mother. The Mothers of Acadia maternal DNA project posts its ongoing Maternal DNA results here. To date, the haplogroup of both sisters is consistently reported as U6a7a, indicating European origins.

Location of Birth. Regarding the Lejeune siblings' specific location of birth in France, Stephen remains silent presumably because there are no birth records. In contrast, Massignon[9] argues that a number of familial alliances existed among the first settlers of Acadia PRIOR to their arrival in Acadia, which points to a common French origin. She believes they lived in the Acadian Governor d'Aulnay's seigneury in France near Loudon (comprising of the villages of Angliers, Aulnay, Martaizé and La Chausée). Regarding the Lejeune sisters, Massignon claims that they were allied with the Savoie through Catherine's marriage and the Gautrot through Edmee's marriage.</ref> It is not clear to me that the sisters married prior to their arrival in Acadia. Stephen White claims the Catherine married Savoie in Acadia.[10] Edmee's marriage around 1644 to Gautrot may have taken place in Acadia as he was among the first settlers and was already a widower at the time of his marriage to Edmee[1] and was definitely in Acadia prior to 1650[2] (some claim 1636[citation needed]).

Timeline

c1624 birth, in France
c1644 marriage to widower François Gautrot
c1645 birth, daughter Marie
c1648 birth, son Jean
c1652 birth, son Renee
c1654 birth, daughter Marguerite
1654 British capture Port-Royal; French settlement ceases[11]
c1657 birth, son Francois
c1659 birth, son Claude
c1661 birth, son Charles
c1665 birth, daughter Jeanne
1667-70 Treaty of Breda cedes Acadia to the French; settlement resumes[12]
c1668 birth, son Germain
1671 residence Port Royal
1678 residence Port Royal
1686 residence Port Royal
1687 War of the League of Augsburg (King William’s War) starts between England and France[13]
1690 Phipps captures and sacks Port-Royal, coerces inhabitants' oaths of allegiance to English Crown, sets up local Peacekeeping Council and leaves within 12 days.[14][15][16] Seaman from two ships later loot
1693 residence, Port Royal
a1693 death

Sources

  • 1671 Acadian Census at Port Royal: Francois GAUTEROT, 58, wife Edmee LeJEUNE 47; Children (married): Marie 35, Charles 34, Marie 24, Rene 19, Marguerite 16; (not married): Jean 23, Francois 19, Claude 12, Charles 10, Jeanne 7, Germain 3; cattle 16, sheep 6.
  • 1678 Acadian Census at Port Royal: Francois Gautreau & Aymee LeJeune, 6 acres, 8 cattle 2 boys: age 20- born 1658 Claude, 1659, 1659 18 1660 Charles 1661 1661
  • John Austin Young, The Lejeunes of Acadia and the Youngs of Southwest Louisiana, John Austin Young, Grand Pere Farm
  • Source: Mariage avec François Gautreau vers 1644, Port-Royal, Acadie (Stephen White page 691)
  1. 1.0 1.1 <White, Stephen A. La généalogie des trente-sept familles hôtesses des "Retrouvailles 94", Les Cahiers de la Société historique acadienne, vol. 25, nos 2 et 3 (1994). (Gautreau) >
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 White, Stephen A., Patrice Gallant, and Hector-J Hébert. Dictionnaire Généalogique Des Familles Acadiennes. Moncton, N.-B.: Centre D'études Acadiennes, Université De Moncton, 1999, Print, p 1048; 691-692.
  3. The 1671 Port Royal Census lists Edmee's age as 47, which puts her birth at around 1624
  4. William I. Roberts, 3rd, “SEDGWICK, ROBERT,” in Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol. 1, University of Toronto/Université Laval, 2003–, accessed November 20, 2013
  5. 5.0 5.1 Dunn, Brenda. A History of Port Royal / Annapolis Royal 1605-1800. Nimbus Publishing, p 23-24(1654 Capture of Port-Royal); p25-27;29 (the English period 1654-1670).
  6. In collaboration, “MORILLON DU BOURG,” in Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol. 1, University of Toronto/Université Laval, 2003–, accessed November 20, 2013
  7. Charles Trahan's translations adding land holdings to 1671 Census
  8. Statistics Canada defines an arpent as 0.845 acres. According to Clark (Clark, Andrew Hill, Acadia: The Geography of Early Nova Scotia to 1760. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1968, p 87): "The arpent was a basic French unit of land measurement, both linear and areal, but its size at the time is uncertain. In length, 200 feet may be a rough equivalent for an arpent in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries; it was later standardized to 192 feet. An areal arpent may have been something less than an acre (the usual equivalent was .845 acres) although it has been given the equivalent of as much as an acre and a half in some twentieth century definitions."
  9. Massignon, Geneviève. "Les parlers français d'Acadie, enquête linguistique", Librairie Klincksieck, Paris, 1962, 2 tomes, p32 (first French families in Acadia) p37 (Lejeune sisters' origins).
  10. White, Stephen A. La généalogie des trente-sept familles hôtesses des "Retrouvailles 94", Les Cahiers de la Société historique acadienne, vol. 25, nos 2 et 3 (1994). (Savoie)
  11. William I. Roberts, 3rd, “SEDGWICK, ROBERT,” in Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol. 1, University of Toronto/Université Laval, 2003–, accessed November 20, 2013
  12. In collaboration, “MORILLON DU BOURG,” in Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol. 1, University of Toronto/Université Laval, 2003–, accessed November 20, 2013
  13. Griffiths, Naomi E.S., From migrant to Acadian : a North-American border people, 1604-1755, Montreal (Québec), McGill-Queen's University Press, 2005, p147-151 (King William’s War); p 267-268 (oaths of allegiance)
  14. C.P.Stacey, “PHIPS, SIR WILLIAM,” in Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol. 1, University of Toronto/Université Laval, 2003, accessed November 20, 2013
  15. Biography of William Phipps
  16. C.Bruce Fergusson,“LA TOURASSE, CHARLES,” in Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol. 1, University of Toronto/Université Laval, 2003, accessed November 20, 2013


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DNA Connections
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Edmée by comparing test results with other carriers of her mitochondrial DNA. Mitochondrial DNA test-takers in the direct maternal line: It is likely that these autosomal DNA test-takers will share DNA with Edmée:

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Images: 1
François Gauterot et Edmee LeJeune
François Gauterot et Edmee LeJeune

Collaboration

On 13 Jun 2016 at 02:14 GMT John Riley wrote:

Lejeune-21 and Lejeune-473 do not represent the same person because: Lejeune-473 profile inadequate to represent the same person. That profile inaccurate due to omissions and incorrect last name.

On 24 May 2016 at 17:33 GMT Roland Arsenault wrote:

Lejeune-473 and Lejeune-21 appear to represent the same person because: Same relatives

On 27 Apr 2016 at 13:27 GMT John Riley wrote:

Edmee's and Catherine's mother was European, DNA testing proved that! As for her father, his name and the siblings name are European. Only conclusion is both parents are European and the only way she could be metis is if her grandfather was Mi'kmaq. This seems improbable since the siblings all arrived from France. The sister's brother did marry a Mi"kmaq and their children were Metis.

On 23 Mar 2016 at 12:43 GMT John Riley wrote:

Lejeune-21 and Lejeune-473 do not represent the same person because: There are too many profile managers on a very controversial profile. The child Claude is already on the mother of list, merge them instead.

On 22 Jan 2016 at 21:58 GMT John Riley wrote:

Edmee's mother was European, DNA testing proved that! As for her father, his name and the siblings name are European. Only conclusion is both parents are European and the only way she could be metis is if her grandfather was Mi'kmaq. This seems improbable since the siblings all arrived from France. The sister's brother did marry a Mi"kmaq and their children were Metis.

On 22 Jan 2016 at 17:18 GMT Milton Girouard Jr. wrote:

I know a lot of folks are discrediting Edmee's metis background, but it's still is worth investigating further... http://www.geni.com/people/Edm%C3%A9e-dite-Aim%C3%A9e-Lejeune/6000000000337130997

On 31 Aug 2015 at 01:34 GMT Bob Tonsmeire wrote:

Lejeune-21 and LeJeune-285 appear to represent the same person because: Similar name, similar details

On 30 Aug 2015 at 21:18 GMT John Riley wrote:

Lejeune-339 and Lejeune-21 appear to represent the same person because: The need to add the sister's brother. Most Acadians are related to all three siblings both historically and as in my case maternal dna testing.

On 17 Aug 2015 at 18:01 GMT Annette Cormier wrote:

As Donna suggests, I am removing Pierre Lejeune as her father and using an unnamed Lejeune to link the two sisters.

On 18 Jul 2015 at 13:39 GMT Galen Theriault wrote:

Something interesting happened to me last month. In an effort to save money, I had my daughter do a DNA test thinking that Our Acadian heritage would show up as well as her mothers. When we got the results, I was a bit perplexed. I'm not completely confident in the results but it did show some Scandinavian results. After pondering for a while, I wondered about the Vikings which came to North American. If they had children with the natives, that would have again added some European genes to the Native Americans. I guess the real question is how would someone know if a person from the past was 100% of any particular group?

more comments


Edmée is 20 degrees from Kevin Bacon, 21 degrees from AJ Jacobs, 31 degrees from Michael Phelps, 31 degrees from Neil deGrasse Tyson and 19 degrees from Queen Elizabeth II of the Commonwealth Realms on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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