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Michel Leneuf du Herisson

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Michel Leneuf du Herisson aka Leneuf du Hérisson, Du Hérisson, LeNeuf Sieur de Hérisson, Le Neuf
Born in caen, Normandie, Francemap
[sibling(s) unknown]
[spouse(s) unknown]
Died in l'Immaculée-Conception de Trois-Rivières, Quebec, Canadamap
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This person was created through the import of myfamily.ged on 23 March 2011. The following data was included in the gedcom. You may wish to edit it for readability.

Contents

Birth

Birth:
User ID: 596197EE-25C1-4C54-B44C-609A24889AA0
Record ID Number: MH:IF9935
Date: 1601
Place: caen, Normandie, France


Death

Death:
User ID: 7266D3DE-9C69-428B-B55D-9E022EE79913
Record ID Number: MH:IF9936


UPD

UPD 02 FEB 2009 16:37:12 GMT-6


Record ID Number

Record ID Number: MH:I4876


User ID

User ID: AC19B2D8-413E-493E-99E9-C71AB3AE97F7

Biography

Occupation: Fur merchant, brewer, Royal Judge


Immigration

Immigration: 24 NOV 1647

Name

Name: Michel LeNeuf, Sieur de Hérisson

Name

Name: Michel /LENEUF/
Name: Michel /LENEUF DUHERISSON/
Name: Mathieu Michel /LENEUF/[1]

Birth

1601
Trinite-du-Montin, LeHavre, Rouen, Normandie, France

Death

26 OCT 1672
Trois-Rivières, Québec, Canada

Sources

  • WikiTree profile Leneuf-5 created through the import of Mykin_2012-01-10.ged on Jan 11, 2012 by Garnet Quigley. See the Changes page for the details of edits by Garnet and others.
  • Source: S382 Title: Ancestry Family Trees Publication: Name: Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network. Original data: Family Tree files submitted by Ancestry members.; Repository: #R7

Notes

Note N771


Occupation

{geni:job_title} Fur merchant, brewer, Royal Judge

Note

{geni:occupation} merchant and judge, Fur merchant, brewer, Royal Judge, Police, judge, Lieutenant-général
{geni:about_me} Cofondateur de la Communauté des Habitants des Trois-Rivières en 1645. Lieutenant général civil et criminel.
Il n'est pas clair si sa fille Anne est un enfant légitime de Michel Leneuf, Sieur du Hérisson et co-fondateur de Trois-Rivières avec une mère décédée en France ou un enfant illégitime.
(D'Après René Jetté) ENFANT NATUREL: (ou d'une femme décédée en France): Anne 34 ans au recensement de 1666 mariée en 1647 avec Antoine Desrosiers
SOURCE:Généalogie du Québec
Additional reference: 29-12.
Tanguay Vol I pg 381. (This is very confusing information including: his name as Mathieu Michel and his spouse as Jeanne LeMarchand which are also shown in other sources as the name of his parents. Jette does state that his daughter, Anne, was born out of wedlock. Anne is listed in Tanguay as his daughter with Jeanne LeMarchand as the mother).
"Origin of French Canadian Families"-Godbout pg 84.
"Our French Canadian Ancestors"-Laforest Vol II Chap 8 pg 55+.
"La Conquete du Canada par les Normands"-Godbout pg 171.
"1667 Census of Quebec" Vol II pg 49.
Jette pg 713; 348.
"Emigration Rochelaise en Nouvelle France"-Godbout pg 151.
Family group sheet of #896 from Sue Rood genealogy (copy filed Sue Rood papers).
Had one child born out of wedlock, in France, to a woman who died in France. He came to Canada and brought his daughter, Anne, with him.
Database of Gilles C. Paquette from the internet (copy filed 29-13).
1666 Census of Quebec (the first census of Canada) shows Michel, age 65, living with his brother Jacques. Source of this information is filed under censuses.
<http://www.genealogie.com/cgi-bin/fo/afficher.cgi?i> (copy filed 29-6) shows the following sources: Jette pg 713; "Dictionnaire Genealogique de nos Origines"--Denis Beauregard Vol 1 pg 68; "Dictionnaire Biographique du Canada" Vol 1 pg 478.
<http://ourworld.compuserve.com/homepages/MarjChapman/TRDUHERR.HTM> (copy filed 29-6).
<http://www.sylvestre.qc.ca/0000341.htm> contains information about Mathieu Leneuf and his family and can be found in Mathieu Leneuf's [#896] textfile.
<http://membres.lycos.fr/ancetre/LeNeufM.htm> (copy filed 29-6), also in his internal textfile.
Add'l info acquired from the net (copy filed 29-6).
Ancestry.com download named 28817.ged (copy filed 29-6).
Biography of self acquired from the internet (copy filed 29-6).
------------------------------------------------
The following was acquired from <http://www.rootsweb.com/~nwa/jeanne.html>.
JEANNE LEMARCHAND -- LENEUF DU HERRISON
Text by Gary Edwards
My Greatx 11 Grandmother, Jeanne LeMarchand de La Celloniere and La Rocque arrived in New France in 1636 with her sons, Michel and Jacques LeNeuf. The Le Neuf family was the first noble family to settle permanently in New France. Her eldest son, Michel became the Sieur du Herrisson and a Judge; the younger, Jacques was Sieur de La Potterie and was the Governor of Trois Riveres. The LeNeufs, along with their LeGardeur de Repentigny in-laws, were the most illustrious family in the French colony.
Jeanne was married in St. Thury-Harcourt, Caen, Normandy, France by contract on December 1599 to Mathieu LeNeuf du Herrisson. The contract shows her parents as being Lt. Gervais Le Marchand, Sieur de La Celloniere and La Rocque and Venote de St-Germain.
The LeNeufs du Herrisson were given the opportunity in the 1630s to revitalize their dwindling fortunes (the seigneurie of Herrisson was not as prosperous as it was before the bourgeoise). They would be sent to New France to establish themselves (and the feudal aristocracy) in the name of the King.
The LeNeuf brothers were very fair (the judgements passed down by Michel were very liberal) but rather hot-tempered. One day, Michel and Jacques were fighting with the habitants of Trois-Riveres. Jeanne, hearing the commotion, stepped out of the Governor's mansion. She too got into the brawl and was punched in the stomach by Guillaume Isabel (he was not a habitant). Despite her noble upbringing, Jeanne apparently loved a fight.
Twenty years later, her daughter-in-law, Marguerite LeNeuf de La Potterie born LeGardeur de Repentigny was found to have been the leader of the liqour trade with the Indians. The Le Neuf family was very much involved in the liquorand fur trade, both of which made them fabulously wealthy by 17th century standards.
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The following was acquired from <http://membres.lycos.fr/ancetre/LeNeufM.htm> (copy filed 29-6); a translated version follows:
MICHEL LeNEUF
Sieur DuHérisson
Two brothers LeNeuf came to establish with their women and children in New France, about 1636. Michel LeNeuf, sieur of the Hérisson, and Jacques LeNeuf, sieur of Pottery.
Sons of Mathieu LeNeuf, Sieur du Hérisson and of Jeanne LeMarchand, that married in December 1599, at the Huguenot temple of Caen, in the current department of the Calvados, in France. This family may have nobility origins datingback to Richard LeNeuf to the fourteenth century. But, it is very difficult to establish the proof of the link.
The Sieur du Hérisson, Michel, born about 1601, in Normandie, is the one that weaves the link in this généalogie, until my children married about 1631, in Normandie, we are unaware of the name of his spouse. Their daughter Anne LeNeuf, DuHérisson, born in France in 1632, arrived with her parents, becomes the wife, on November 24 1647, of Antoine Desrosiers, born in 1619, native of the Town of Renaison, in the district of Roanne, in Auvergne.
The elder, Anne LeNeuf aka DuHérisson, elderly about 79 years, died October 16 1711, while her husband Antoine Desrosiers already deceased since August 8 1691, at age of 72 years.
The ancestor Michel LeNeuf, Sieur du Hérisson, died October 26 1672, at the Immaculée-Conception of Trois-Rivières. It is possible that Jeanne Marchand, his mother, born about 1580, in Normandie, could have come to New France and died after 1647, at Three Rivers, but all remains to be proven.
Bécancour represents the territorial location of three former seigneuries: The seigneurie Dutort, of Cournoyer and of Bécancour. The fief Dutort was it seems the first one that was formed. This one belonged to the Sieur Michel LeNeuf aka du Herisson that he deeded to his nephew Michel Godfroy of Lintot June 19 1650. It is on their land that the town of Becancour is currently located.
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The following was acquired from: <http://familytreemaker.genealogy.com/users/w/e/s/Sue-Westphal/WEBSITE-0001/UHP-1364.html>.
Michel LeNeuf (b. Abt. 1601, d. Bef. October 26, 1672)
Michel LeNeuf (son of Mathieu LeNeuf and Jeanne Marchand) was born Abt. 1601 in de Caen, Lisieux, Normandie, France 8648, 8649, 8650, and died bef. October 26, 1672 in Trois-Rivieres, St-Maurice, Quebec, Canada 8651.
Notes for Michel LeNeuf:
Michel was a fur merchant according to Jette. In 1645 he was lieutenant general, civil and criminal until his death.
Anne was an "Enfant Naturel" (illegitimate) or from a wife who died in France according to Jette.
More About Michel LeNeuf:
Burial: Unknown
More About Michel LeNeuf and <Unnamed>:
Marriage: Unknown, France.
Children of Michel LeNeuf are:
+Anne LeNeuf, b. Abt. 1622, Quebec, Canada 8652, d. October 16, 1711, Champlain, Quebec, Canada 8653.
SOURCES:
8648. Dictionnaire genealogique des familles du Quebec des origines a 1730 by Rene Jette, Page 348 & 713.
8649. Your Ancient Canadian Family Ties by Reginald L. Olivier, Page 205.
8650. Dictionnaire Genealogique Des Familles Canadiennes by Mgr. Tanguay, Volume 1 Page 381.
8651. Dictionnaire genealogique des familles du Quebec des origines a 1730 by Rene Jette, Page 713.
8652. Dictionnaire Genealogique Des Familles Canadiennes by Mgr. Tanguay, Volume 1 Page 192, Volume 3 Page 396.
8653. Dictionnaire genealogique des familles du Quebec des origines a 1730 by Rene Jette, Page 348.
--------------------------------------------------
The following was acquired from <http://www.biographi.ca/EN/ShowBio.asp?BioId=34472>:
LENEUF DU HÉRISSON, MICHEL, seigneur, member of the Communauté des Habitants, syndic, acting governor of Trois-Rivières, royal judge; b. c. 1601 at Caen (Normandy), son of Mathieu Leneuf and Jeanne Le Marchant; d. probably in 1672.
Michel Leneuf landed at Quebec 11 June 1636 along with other members of his numerous family: his adopted or illegitimate daughter Anne; his mother, Jeanne Le Marchant, widow of Mathieu Leneuf; his sister, Marie Leneuf (who was to marry the Trois-Rivières pioneer, Jean Godefroy de Lintot); his brother, Jacques Leneuf de La Poterie, who was bringing from France his daughter Marie-Anne and his wife, Marguerite Legardeur de Repentigny; Pierre Legardeur de Repentigny and Charles Legardeur de Tilly. They made up a veritable family clan, as was said later, which for several years sought to acquire a monopoly of the fur trade and which took the initiative in the founding of the Communauté des Habitants.
The Leneuf family went to settle at Trois-Rivières the same year it arrived. Michel secured title to substantial grants of land: among others the Dutort (later Bécancour) fief, 1 Dec. 1637; 50 acres fronting on the St. Lawrence River at Trois-Rivières, 16 July 1638; the fief of Vieux-Pont, 29 March 1649; part of the seigneury of Cap-des-Rosiers (the rest of which belonged to his brother, to the Le Gardeurs, and others), 9 March 1652. With the backing of his younger brother, Jacques, in whose house he lived, he managed to acquire, jointly with Jacques, effective control of the town of Trois-Rivières. The 1667 census credits him with 100 acres of land under development at Trois-Rivières. He also owned a flour mill. He had his farms cultivated by tenant farmers with whom, as a result of his violent temperament, he was in constant difficulty and litigation, especially with Sébastien Dodier and Guillaume Isabel.He was also continually at odds with the Jesuits in connection with the boundaries of their adjacent grants of land.
His public life was similarly very active. He capitalized on the prestige of his brother Jacques, who was governor of Trois-Rivières almost without interruption from 1645 to 1662. Michel Leneuf was chosen syndic of the settlers in1648 and in 1649. In 1661, while his brother was still governor and when his brother-in-law, Charles Legardeur de Tilly, was a member of the Conseil de la Nouvelle-France, Michel had no difficulty in obtaining the post of generalcivil and criminal lieutenant in the seneschals court of Trois-Rivières; then, from 1664 on, he replaced Pierre Boucher* as royal judge after the latters resignation. When the Leneuf brothers had the control of the key offices which they had sought for a long time, their abuses involved them in numerous difficulties. In 1665-66 an inquiry into the liquor trade with the Indians proved that the governors wife herself, Marguerite Legardeur, was one of the leading figures in this flourishing business. The Conseil Souverain suspended Michel Leneuf from his post as a judge by a decree dated 29 May 1665 and replaced him temporarily by Councillor Louis Peronne de Mazé, who was appointed "special commissioner" for the time being.
Shortly afterwards Michel Leneuf was reinstated in office. In the records of a hearing held on 19 May 1666 he is listed as civil and criminal lieutenant, and the following year, on 8 June, a petition addressed to him by Michel Gamelain dit Lafontaine refers to him as "Royal Judge."
The archives of the courthouse of Trois-Rivières have preserved for us some of the judgements handed down by Michel Leneuf. In general they are marked by fairness and common sense. These archives also contain an absorbing account of the numerous lawsuits that took place between the fiery seigneur and his tenant farmers. He was a typical Norman country squire, intelligent and wily, but fond of legal quibbles.
The documents provide us with very little information about his private life. When he arrived in New France he was single or a widower, for he brought out with him a little girl of four who still bore the name Anne Du Hérisson andnot Anne Leneuf Du Hérisson. It is possible, as has been claimed, that she was his illegitimate daughter. No precise information is given in this young womans marriage contract with Antoine Desrosiers dated 24 Nov. 1647.
Michel Leneufs burial certificate is not recorded in the Roman Catholic registers of Trois-Rivières, which are preserved intact from 1634. We may, however, assume that he died in 1672, for he was replaced in his post as judge by Gilles de Boyvinet on 26 October of that year.
Michel had acted as governor of Trois-Rivières in 1668, as a temporary replacement in this office for René Gaultier de Varennes.
Raymond Douville
AJTR, MSS, Registres des audiences de la cour de juridiction civile et criminelle. APQ, Documents de la prévôté de Trois-Rivières. Recensement de 1667. Papier terrier de la Cie des I.O. (P.-G. Roy). P.-G. Roy, Inv. concessions, I,II, V. Raymond Douville, "La dictature de la famille Le Neuf," Cahiers des Dix, XX (1955), 61-89; Visages du vieux Trois-Rivières (Trois-Rivières, 1955). Godbout, Les pionniers de la région trifluvienne. Sulte, Mélanges historiques (Malchelosse), XI, 7-38; XIV, 65-67; XIX.
 ? 2000 University of Toronto/Université Laval
------------------------------------------------
The following was acquired from <http://www.kateritekakwitha.org/roots/norm4.htm>:
Michel LENEUF du HÉRISSON was born at Caen around 1601. He arrived in New France in 1636. He had a natural child, Anne DU HÉRISSON. He settled at Trois-Rivières, entered civic life, and his brother was the governor of the post. He acquired much land. He was in a dispute with the Jesuits for having obtained a title to some land in the seigneurie of Cap-de-la-Madeleine that had been reserved by the missionaires for an Algonquin settlement. He died before26 October 1672. (BD p. 263).
------------------------------------------------
The following was acquired from <http://www.google.com/search?q=cache:qVz2BoWizvoJ:pages.infinit.net/dickm1/pafg44.htm+%22jean+leneuf%22&hl=en&ie=UTF-8>:
Ancestor - Sieur du Hérisson Michel LENEUF [Parents] [Album] was born in 1601 at Caen of Lisieux, Normandie, France. He died October 26 1672 at Immaculate Conception of Three Rivers, Quebec. Michel was married about 1631 at Normandie, France. Michel was employed in the trading of furs and Royal Judge.
BIOGRAPHY: MICHEL LeNEUF
BIOGRAPHY: Sieur DuHérisson
BIOGRAPHY: Two brothers LeNeuf came to establish with their women and children in New France (and with their mother?), about 1636. Michel LeNeuf, sieur of the Hérisson, and Jacques LeNeuf, sieur of Pottery.
BIOGRAPHY: Sons of Mathieu LeNeuf, Sieur of the Hérisson and of Jeanne LeMarchand, that married in December 1599, at the Huguenot temple of Caen, in the current department of the Calvados, in France. This family may have nobilityorigins dating back to Richard LeNeuf to the fourteenth century. But, it is very difficult to establish the proof of the link.
BIOGRAPHY: The Sieur du Hérisson, Michel, was born about 1601, in Normandie. Married about 1631, in Normandie, we are unaware of the name of his spouse. Their daughter Anne LeNeuf, DuHérisson, was born in France in 1632, arrivedwith her parents, becomes spouse, November 24 1647, of ancestor Antoine Desrosiers, born in 1619, native of the Town of Renaison, in the district of Roanne, in Auvergne.
BIOGRAPHY: The oldest, Anne LeNeuf DuHérisson, elderly about 79 years, died October 16 1711, while her husband Antoine Desrosiers already deceased since August 8 1691, age of 72 years.
BIOGRAPHY: THE ANCESTOR Michel LeNeuf, Sieur DuHérisson, died October 26 1672, at the Immaculée-Conception of Three Rivers. It is possible that Jeanne Marchand, his mother, born about 1580, in Normandie, could have come to New France and deceased after 1647, at Three Rivers, but all remains to be proven.
BIOGRAPHY: Bécancour represents the territorial location of three former seigneuries: The seigneurie of Dutort, of Cournoyer and of Bécancour. The fief Dutort was, it seems, the first one that was occupied. This one belonged to the sieur Michel LeNeuf DuHérisson that he deeded to his nephew Michel Godfroy of Lintot June 19 1650. It is on their land that the town of Becancour is currently located.
------------------------------------------------
The following was acquired from <http://ourworld.compuserve.com/homepages/MarjChapman/TRDUHERR.HTM>:
LeNEUF du HÉRISSON
Michel LeNeuf aka duHÉRISSON was born about 1601 in the parish of Trinité-du-Montin, LeHavre, Rouen, Normandy. He died before October 1672 in Trois-Rivières, P.Q.
Considered a provincial nobleman, he was a member of the small nobility of Normandy. His known siblings were a brother, Jacques LeNeuf de la Poterie, a squire, and two sisters, Madeleine LeNeuf married to Pouterel and Marie LeNeufmarried to Godefroy de Lintot, also a squire.
He was first and foremost a fur merchant. His initial trip to New France was made in 1627. He returned for permanent settlement with his family in 1636 for the purpose of commercial fur trading rather than colonization. Because ofthis, he never developed the large land holdings given to him by the King of France. Other noble families, tied through marriage, arrived at the same time--all with the same goals.
The 1666 census by Talon, lists his age as approx. 65 years old and able to sign.
Prominent in the Trois Rivieres area, he served as judge and overlord of an estate.
He was also a commercial brewer.
His only child and daughter, Anne born 1632 in the bourg of Thierry in Caen, Normandy married Antoine DesROSIERS in 1649 who is my direct ancestor.
Antoine Desrosiers and Anne duHérisson had eight children. Sons Jean born 1657 and Antoine born 1664, were members of an association created in 1683 between nine men from Champlain for the purpose of fur trading. The composition of these associates is noteworthy in that it concentrated the power of three influential families in the region: Dandonneau (Huguenot fur-trading merchants), Chorel and Aubuchon. Jean's wife was Françoise Dandonneau. The association dissolved after the summer of 1688 when Jacques Babie, merchant and principal investor, died.
All the sons were involved in the business of procuring and selling furs. Son, Michel aka Desilets born 1652 married Thomasse Artault the daughter of an Algonquin and a fur trader, son Jean aka LeFrenière married Françoise Dandonneau as mentioned above, Antoine aka DuTremble was part of the syndicate mentioned above and received a passport in 1689 to trade in the west. The west, in this case, was probably no further than the Great Lakes. To control the furtrading and collect appropriate taxes, the French government issued passports (permits), a form of license. They were difficult to acquire since in many years, only 25 were issued. To conduct fur trading or to travel west withouta passport was considered illegal and subject to punishment, most often fines or the confiscation of furs.
Son, Pierre aka Dargy born around 1667 married Marguerite AUBUCHON whose uncle was active in the trade.
Anne LeNeuf duHérisson died in Champlain in October 1711 at the age of 79.


Occupation: Fur Trader

Co-founder of the Community of Inhabitants of Trois-Rivières in 1645. General civil and criminal lieutenant.

Concession of the manor of Vieuxpont near Trois-Rivières 29-03-1649, to Joseph Godefroy the 15-11-1667. Concession of the fief Dufort.

It is not clear whether his daughter Anne is a legitimate child of Michel Leneuf, Sieur du Hérisson and co-founder of Trois-Rivières and a parent who died in France or if she is an illegitimate child.

(According René Jetté) NATURAL CHILD (or a woman who died in France): Anne 34 years in 1666 census married in 1647 to Antoine Desrosiers

Do not confuse him with his brother Jacques Leneuf, Sieur de LaPoterie who was governor from 1645 to 1662 in Trois-Rivières. But especially not with Michel LeNeuf, Sieur de Valliere, captain under Frontenac. The latter is the son of his brother Jacques and oddly enough married in 1665 in La Rochelle.[2]


Sources

http://www.nosorigines.qc.ca/GenealogieQuebec.aspx?genealogy=Michel_LeNeuf&pid=21009&lng=en


Footnotes

  1. Source: #S382 Page: Ancestry Family Trees Data: Text: http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=9078439&pid=314535438 Note: #N771
  2. Entered by Linda Kincade.

Acknowledgments

Thanks to Linda Kincade for starting this profile. Click the Changes tab for the details of contributions by Linda and others.








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