Eva (MacMurrough) de Clare

Eva (MacMurrough) de Clare

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Aoife (Eva) "of Leinster, 4th Countess of Pembroke" de Clare formerly MacMurrough aka MacMurchada, de Clare
Born about in Lancashire, Englandmap
Wife of — married in Waterford, Irelandmap
Died in Waterford, Munster, Ireland.map
This page has been accessed 3,150 times.
Aoife Ní Diarmait
Eva of Leinster
Countess of Ireland, MacDermot, Countess of Pembroke

Contents

Biography

Aoife MacMurrough (1145-1188, Irish: Aoife Ní Diarmait), also known by later historians as Eva of Leinster, was the daughter of Dermot MacMurrough (Irish: Diarmait MacMurchada), King of Leinster, and his wife Mor O'Toole (c.1114-1191).

Marriage

m. Richard "Strongbow" de Clare, 2nd Earl of Pembroke 29 Aug 1170 Christchurch Cathedral, Waterford.
She had been promised to Strongbow by her father who had visited England to ask for an invasion army. He was not allowed to give his daughter away, as under Early Irish Law Aoife had the choice of whom she married, but she had to agree to an arranged marriage.
Under Anglo-Norman law, this gave Strongbow succession rights to the Kingdom of Leinster. Under Irish Brehon law, the marriage gave her a life interest only, after which any land would normally revert to male cousins; but Brehon law also recognized a transfer of "swordland" following a conquest. Aoife conducted battles on behalf of her husband and is sometimes known as Red Eva (Irish: Aoife Rua). She had two sons with her husband Richard de Clare, and within several generations her descendants included much of the nobility of northwestern Europe, including Robert the Bruce.


Extract from Heart of Exile - The marriage of Strongbow (Richard de Clare) and Eva lived for centuries after in the Irish mind as a horrible alliance.

Name Birth Death Notes

Isabel de Clare, 4th Countess of Pembroke 1172 1240 m. Aug 1189, Sir William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke, Lord Marshal, son of John Fitz Gilbert, Marshal (Marechal) of England, and Sibylla of Salisbury.
Gilbert de Striguil (Chepstow), 3rd Earl of Pembroke 1173 1185 Inherited title from father but died as a minor. The title then went to his sister's husband on marriage.
Joan de Clare 1175  ? m. Godfrey Gamage, son of William De Gamages and Elizabeth De Miners.
Children of Aoife MacMurrough and Richard de Clare (Strongbow)

Alias

Eva MacMurrough
Eva (Aoife) MCMURROUGH
Eva (Aoife) de CLARE
Aoife "Red Eva" ni Diarmait
Eva MacMURROUGH




Sources


  • Ancestral File Number: 91SF-JD
  • Croinin, Daibhi (1995) Early Medieval Ireland 400-1200 London: Longman Press; p. 281
  • Salmonson, J. A. (1991) The Encyclopedia of Amazons, (pp.60). Paragon House. ISBN 1-55778-420-5
  • Weis, F.L. (n.d.) Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America Before 1700, (Lines: 66-26, 175-7, 261-30). N.p.


  • Adam-Smith, P. (1986), Patsy Adam-Smith. Heart of Exile. Victoria, AU: Nelson Publishers. ISBN 0 17006170 1.


badges This person was a member of royalty, nobility or aristocracy in the British Isles. If you are interested in this profile, see our British Isles Royals and Aristocrats 742-1499 Project.


Acknowledgements

This page has been edited according to Style Standards adopted by January 2014. Descriptions of imported gedcoms for this profile are under the Changes tab.



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Marriage of Eva (Aoife) and Richard de Clare
Marriage of Eva (Aoife) and Richard de Clare


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