Eva (MacMurrough) Diarmait

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Countess Aoife Ní (Eva) "4th Countess of Pembroke" Diarmait formerly MacMurrough aka MacMurchada, de Clare
Born in Lancaster, Lancashire, , Englandmap
Wife of — married [date unknown] [location unknown]
Died in Waterford, County Waterford, Munster, Ireland.map
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Contents

Biography

Title

Title: Countess Ireland, MacDermot, Countess of Pembroke

Alias

Alias: Aoife Ní Diarmait / Eva of Leinster

Aoife MacMurrough (1145-1188, Irish: Aoife Ní Diarmait), also known by later historians as Eva of Leinster, was the daughter of Dermot MacMurrough (Irish: Diarmait MacMurchada), King of Leinster, and his wife Mor O'Toole (c.1114-1191).

On 29 August 1170, following the Norman invasion of Ireland that her father had requested, she married Richard de Clare, 2nd Earl ofPembroke, better known as Strongbow, the leader of the Norman invasion force, in Christchurch Cathedral, Waterford. She had been promised to Strongbow by her father who had visited England to ask for an invasion army. He was not allowed to give his daughter away, as under Early Irish Law Aoife had the choice of whom she married, but she had to agree to an arranged marriage.

Under Anglo-Norman law, this gave Strongbow succession rights to the Kingdom of Leinster. Under Irish Brehon law, the marriage gave her a life interest only, after which any land would normally revert to male cousins; but Brehon law also recognized a transfer of "swordland" following a conquest. Aoife conducted battles on behalf of her husband and is sometimes known as Red Eva (Irish: Aoife Rua). She had two sons with her husband Richard de Clare, and within several generations her descendants included much of the nobility of northwestern Europe, including Robert the Bruce.

A life-size statue of her sits at Carrickfergus Castle, with a plaque describing her as "thinking of home."

Aoife MacMurrough (1145-1188, Irish: Aoife Ní Diarmait), also known by later historians as Eva of Leinster, was the daughter of Dermot MacMurrough (Irish: Diarmait MacMurchada), King of Leinster, and his wife Mor O'Toole (c.1114-1191).[1]

Marriage

On the 29 August 1170, following the Norman invasion of Ireland that her father had requested, she married Richard de Clare, 2nd Earl of Pembroke, better known as Strongbow, the leader of the Norman invasion force, in Christchurch Cathedral, Waterford. She had been promised to Strongbow by her father who had visited England to ask for an invasion army. He was not allowed to give his daughter away, as under Early Irish Law Aoife had the choice of whom she married, but she had to agree to an arranged marriage.[clarification needed]

Under Anglo-Norman law, this gave Strongbow succession rights to the Kingdom of Leinster. Under Irish Brehon law, the marriage gave her a life interest only, after which any land would normally revert to male cousins; but Brehon law also recognised a transfer of "swordland" following a conquest. Aoife conducted battles on behalf of her husband and is sometimes known as Red Eva (Irish: Aoife Rua). She had two sons with her husband Richard de Clare, and within several generations her descendants included much of the nobility of northwestern Europe, including Robert the Bruce and Richard, 1st Earl of Cornwall who was elected King of the Romans in 1257.[2]

Aoife is the ancestor of many Kings of England by a number of lines of descent, such as that of her granddaughter Eva Marshal, whose daughter Maude married Roger de Mortimer. They are ancestors of the Kings of England from Edward IV onwards (with the exception of Henry VII). Another line of descent is that of a daughter of Maude, Katherine Mortimer, married Thomas de Beauchamp 11th Earl of Warwick, and they were ancestors of the Earls of Warwick and also of the Edward IV and most subsequent Kings of England.

Through further lines she is the ancestor of the Scottish Kings Robert the Bruce (and his descendants) and John Balliol, and of Irish magnates such as the Earls of Kildare, Ormond and Desmond.

Name Birth Death Notes

Isabel de Clare, 4th Countess of Pembroke 1172 1240 m. Aug 1189, Sir William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke, Lord Marshal, son of John Fitz Gilbert, Marshal (Marechal) of England, and Sibylla of Salisbury.
Gilbert de Striguil (Chepstow), 3rd Earl of Pembroke 1173 1185 Inherited title from father but died as a minor. The title then went to his sister's husband on marriage.
Joan de Clare 1175  ? m. Godfrey Gamage, son of William De Gamages and Elizabeth De Miners.
Children of Aoife MacMurrough and Richard de Clare (Strongbow)

Alias

Alias: Eva /MacMurrough/

Name

Name: Eva (Aoife) /MCMURROUGH/
Name: Eva (Aoife) /de CLARE/
Name: Aoife "Red Eva" /ni Diarmait/

[1]

Name: Eva /MacMURROUGH/

Birth

Date: ABT 1136
Place: Leinster, Ireland
Date: 1145
Date: 1141
Place: Lancaster, England
Date: ABT 1141
Place: Ireland

Marriage

Date: 26 AUG 1171
Place: Waterford, Ireland[2]

Death

Date: 1177
Date: 1177
Date: 1177
Date: AFT 1185

Sources

  • Ancestral File Number: 91SF-JD
  1. http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=6835128&pid=-1039468275
  2. Source: #S4

MacMurrough-20 created through the import of Grant_David_Meadors_2008-02-17.ged on Sep 18, 2011 by Grant Meadors. McMurrough-8 created through the import of roland blewett_ancestors.ged on Sep 16, 2011 by Cody Coggins. Created through the import of Marc_Suzie_2010-12-07.ged on 07 December 2010. Created through the import of 124-DeCoursey.ged on 14 September 2010.

MacMurrough-17 created through the import of Bierbrodt.GED on Jul 14, 2011 by Becky Bierbrodt. fitzrandtocharlemange.FTW. Mcmurrough-6 created through the import of FAMILY 6162011.GED on Jun 20, 2011 by Michael Stephenson. hofundssonAnces.ged. Created through the import of Acrossthepond.ged on 21 February 2011. Mac Murrough-2 created through the import of heinakuu2011-6.ged on Jul 5, 2011 by Johanna Amnelin. Diarmait-1 created through the import of My Family_2011-08-21.ged on Aug 21, 2011 by Kate G. Leinster-50 created through the import of mike_walton_2011.ged on Aug 20, 2011 by Mike Walton. MacMurchada-5 created through the import of SRW 7th July 2011.ged on Jul 7, 2011 by Stephen Wilkinson. Created through the import of Sheppard_Duncan_Bickham_Stroud.ged on 01 February 2011. Created through the import of Bishop Family Tree.ged on 18 February 2011. Created through the import of LJ Pellman Consolidated Family_2011-03-21.ged on 21 March 2011. Wendy Hampton, firsthand knowledge. MacDermot, Countess of Pembroke-1 created through the import of FISCUS Family Tree.ged on Jun 6, 2011 by Liisa Small.

This person was created on 12 September 2010 through the import of 104-B.ged.



Biography

Name: Aoife Eva Macmurrough[3]

Acknowledgements (contributors)

  • Created on 14 April 2010 through the import of Jamie 2010_2010-04-10.ged.
  • Macmurrough-18 created through the import of 2010-09-14.ged on Jul 28, 2011 by Bob Carson.
  1. http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=6835128&pid=-1039468275
  2. Source: #S4
  3. Source: #S-2050775272 Page: Ancestry Family Trees Data: Text: http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=17913036&pid=703868870

Biography

This biography is a rough draft. It was auto-generated by a GEDCOM import and needs to be edited.

Note

Note: #H811

Sources

  • WikiTree profile Diarmait-2 created through the import of O'Bryan Family tree.ged on Sep 6, 2011 by Tim Tropeck. See the Changes page for the details of edits by Tim and others.

Notes

Note H811Irish: Aoife Ní Diarmait), also known by later historians as Eva of Leinster,
  1. http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=6835128&pid=-1039468275
  2. Source: #S4
  3. Source: #S-2050775272 Page: Ancestry Family Trees Data: Text: http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=17913036&pid=703868870




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