Robert Duke Of Normandie

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Robert I (Robert Duke Of) "ROBERT II" Normandie aka Duke of Normandy
Born in Normandy, Francemap
[spouse(s) unknown]
Died in Nicaea, Bithynia, Turkeymap
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Categories: Normandie.

Contents

NOTE

QUESTIONABLE IDENTITY

(Template:European Aristocrat)


Biography

Note: ref: Wikipedia (http://www. wikipedia.org) (20 Apr 10) -
Robert the Magnificent, duke of Normandy (1027-35); father of William the Conqueror. He is often mis-identified with the legendary Robert the Devil. He aided King Henry I of France against Henry's rebellious brother and mother, intervened in the affairs of Flanders, and supported Edward the Confessor, then in exile at Robert's court. He also sponsored monastic reform in Normandy. After making his illegitimate son William his heir, he made a pilgrimage to Jerusalem and died at Nicaea.
Robert contributed to the restoration of Henry King of France to his throne, and received from the gratitude of that monarch, the Vexin, as an additional to his patrimonial domains. In the 8th year of his reign, curiosity or devotion induced him to undertake a pilgrimage to the Holy Land, where the fatiges of the journey and the heat of the climate so impaired his consitution he died on his way home. Some sources call him Robert I the Magnificent!
 : [De La Pole.FTW]
• Acceded: Duke of Normandy, 1028.
Robert had children with Harlette of Falaise, daughter of Fulbert and Duxia. (Harlette of Falaise was born circa 1011 in Falaise, Calvados, Normandy and died circa 1050.)
Robert next married Estrid Svendsdatter, daughter of Svend I Haraldsson Tjugeskjegg of Denmark and Sigrid Toftesdatter Storråde, in 1031. The marriage ended in divorce in 1032.
Robert the Magnificent (22 June 1000 - 3 July 1035), also called Robert the Devil, was the Duke of Normandy from 1027 until his death. Owing to uncertainty over the numbering of the Dukes of Normandy he is usually called Robert I, but sometimes Robert II with his ancestor Rollo as Robert I. He was the son of Richard II of Normandy and Judith, daughter of Conan I of Rennes. He was the father of William the Conqueror.
When his father died, his elder brother Richard succeeded, whilst he became Count of Hiémois. When Richard died a year later, there were great suspicions that Robert had Richard murdered, hence his other nickname, Robert le diable ('the devil'). He is sometimes identified with the legendary Robert the Devil. His reign was 1028 - 1035.
By his mistress, Herleva of Falaise, he was father of the future William I of England (1028-1087). He also had an illegitimate daughter, but the only chronicler to explicitly address the issue, Robert of Torigny, contradicts himself, once indicating that she had a distinct mother from William, elsewhere stating that they shared the same mother. This daughter, Adelaide of Normandy (b. 1030 - d. about 1083), married three times: to Enguerrand II, Count of Ponthieu, Lambert II, Count of Lens, and Odo II of Champagne.
 !RESEARCH NOTE: 1. Though Robert I never married Harlette according to Norman
law or custon, he was faithful to her and she to him until his death.
She later gave birth to his son, William, in 1027 or 1028, and probably a daughter, Adelaide, in 1030.
From Genealogy
Robert II, Duke of Normandy Sex: Male Birth: 1000
Death: July 22, 1035 Resting Place: Italy Father: Richard II, Duke of Normandy (963-1027) Mother: Judith of Brittany (982-1017) Spouse: Herleva of Falaise (1003) Marriage: 1023 Spouse 2: Estrid of Normandy (1001) Edit Info
Robert II, Duke of Normandy


Robert, called "The Magnificent" (French, "le Magnifique") for his love of finery, and also called "The Devil" was the son of Duke Richard II of Normandy and Judith, daughter of Conan I, Duke of Brittany.
edit ChildrenOffspring of Robert II, Duke of Normandy (c1000-1035) and Herleva of Falaise (1003-1050) Name Birth Death William I, King of England (1027-1087) September 9, 1027(1027-09-09),
Falaise 1087,
Rouen Adela, Countess of Aumale (Bef1035-c1090) Edit Info

Robert I, Duke of Normandy. Married (Danish wife) Arlette (or Herleve). Left issue by this mistress.[1]

K: Robert I "le Magnifique ou le Diable." Count d'Hieme. Duke of Normandy. In line 1350 he calls him erroneously calls him Richard I.
Robert was called both "The Magnificent" and also "Robert the Devil,"because of his "reckless and violent deeds of audacity, whether in private life or in warlike expeditions." In 1034 or 1035, after a "fair life from the political point of view, but one full of turbulence and moral irregularity" he undertook a pilgrimage, barefoot, to Jerusalem "to expiate his sins..." The Norman prelates and barons urged him not to go because they believed he might die on the pilgrimage (they were right) and he had no successor. Robert, therefore, named his bastard son, William, as his successor and prevailed upon King Henry I of France to sanction the arrangement--a decision the king was later to regret.
Guizot says Robert I was the fifth in succession from Rollo, the first ruler of Normandy. William was named after William Longsword, the son and successor of Rollo. So the Norman reign went from Rollo, to William Longsword, Richard I, Richard II, Richard III, Robert I and William, who would become William the Conqueror and, subsequently, William I, King of England.
Richard III and Robert I were sons of Richard II, according to a chart in Butler.
Robert instructed Herluin (another spelling) de Conteville to marry his mistress, Harlette, if he failed to return from the Crusade. Herluin did so, and they had children.
Dukes says Robert's last years were marked by signs of "eccentricity,if not unsoundness of mind."
AIS: Robert, Duke of Normandy, born about 995, Normandy, France; died2 July 1035, Nicaea, Turkey.
Davis: Robert I, the Magnificent, Duke of Normandy 1027-1035.[jeanne_de_roucy2.FTW]
"the Magnificent" "the Jerusalemite" in consequence of his pilgrimage, and called by some "the Devil".[jeanne_de_roucy.FTW]
Richard the Magnificant
Robert the Magnificent[1] (June 22, 1000 - 3 July 1035), also called Robert the Devil and Robert I or II, was the Duke of Normandy from 1027 until his death. He was the son of Richard II of Normandy and Judith, daughter of Conan I of Rennes. He was the father of William the Conqueror.
Robert aided King Henry I of France against Henry's rebellious brother and mother, and for his help he was given the territory of the Vexin. He also intervened in the affairs of Flanders, supported Edward the Confessor, who was then in exile at Robert's court, and sponsored monastic reform in Normandy.
By his mistress, Herleva of Falaise, he was father of the future William I of England (1028-1087). He also had an illegitimate daughter, but the only chronicler to explicitly address the issue, Robert of Torigny, contradicts himself, once indicating that she had a distinct mother from William, elsewhere stating that they shared the same mother. This daughter, Adelaide of Normandy (1030-c. 1083), married three times: to Enguerrand II, Count of Ponthieu, Lambert II, Count of Lens, and Odo II of Champagne.
After making his illegitimate son William his heir, he set out on pilgrimage to Jerusalem. According to the Gesta Normannorum Ducum he travelled by way of Constantinople, reached Jerusalem, and died on the return journey at Nicaea on 2 July 1035. Some sources attribute his death to poison and date it to 1 or 3 July. His son William, aged about eight, succeeded him.
Richard the Magnificant
Robert the Magnificent[1] (June 22, 1000 - 3 July 1035), also called Robert the Devil and Robert I or II, was the Duke of Normandy from 1027 until his death. He was the son of Richard II of Normandy and Judith, daughter of Conan I of Rennes. He was the father of William the Conqueror.
Robert aided King Henry I of France against Henry's rebellious brother and mother, and for his help he was given the territory of the Vexin. He also intervened in the affairs of Flanders, supported Edward the Confessor, who was then in exile at Robert's court, and sponsored monastic reform in Normandy.
By his mistress, Herleva of Falaise, he was father of the future William I of England (1028-1087). He also had an illegitimate daughter, but the only chronicler to explicitly address the issue, Robert of Torigny, contradicts himself, once indicating that she had a distinct mother from William, elsewhere stating that they shared the same mother. This daughter, Adelaide of Normandy (1030-c. 1083), married three times: to Enguerrand II, Count of Ponthieu, Lambert II, Count of Lens, and Odo II of Champagne.
After making his illegitimate son William his heir, he set out on pilgrimage to Jerusalem. According to the Gesta Normannorum Ducum he travelled by way of Constantinople, reached Jerusalem, and died on the return journey at Nicaea on 2 July 1035. Some sources attribute his death to poison and date it to 1 or 3 July. His son William, aged about eight, succeeded him.
Robert I of Normandy
Robert the Magnificent (June 22]],1000 - 3 July 1035), also called the Devil or Robert I, was the Duke of Normandy from 1027 until his death. He was the son of Richard II of Normandy and Judith, daughter of Conan I of Rennes. He was the father of William the Conqueror
Robert I Magnificient of Normandy
Robert I of Normandy" redirects here. For his ancestor who took the baptismal name "Robert", see Rollo.
Robert the Magnificent[1] (June 22, 1000 - 3 July 1035), also called the Devil or Robert I, was the Duke of Normandy from 1027 until his death. He was the son of Richard II of Normandy and Judith, daughter of Conan I of Rennes. He was the father of William the Conqueror.
Robert aided King Henry I of France against Henry's rebellious brother and mother, and for his help he was given the territory of the Vexin. He also intervened in the affairs of Flanders, supported Edward the Confessor, who was then in exile at Robert's court, and sponsored monastic reform in Normandy.
By his mistress, Herleva of Falaise, he was father of two children:
the future William I of England (1028-1087)
Adelaide of Normandy (1030-c. 1083), who was married three times:
Enguerrand II, Count of Ponthieu
Lambert II, Count of Lens
Odo II of Champagne
After making his illegitimate son William his heir, he set out on pilgrimage to Jerusalem. According to the Gesta Normannorum Ducum he travelled by way of Constantinople, reached Jerusalem, and died on the return journey at Nicaea on 2 July 1035. Some sources attribute his death to poison and date it to 1 or 3 July. His son William, aged about eight, succeeded him.







Note: 1. Robert contributed to the restoration of Henry King of France to histhrone, and received from the gratitude of that monarch, the Vexin, as anaddition to his patrimonial domains.
2. In the 8th year of his reign, curiosity or devotion induced him toundertake a pilgrimage to the Holy Land, where the fatigues of thejourney and the heat of the climate so impaired his constitution that hedied on his way home.
3. Some sources call him Robert I the Magnificent!
Note N00373Robert I, by name ROBERT The MAGNIFICENT, or The DEVIL, French ROBERT le MAGNIFIQUE, or le DIABLE, duke of Normandy (1027-35) ,the younger son of Richard II of Normandy and the father, by his mistress Arlette, of William the Conqueror of England. On the death of his father (1026/27), Robert contested the duchy with his elder brother Richard III, legally the heir, until the latter's opportune death a few years later. A strong ruler, Robert succeeded in exacting the obedience of his vassals. On the death of Robert II the Pious, King of France (1031), a crisis arose over the succession to the French throne. The Duke gave his support to Henry I against the party favouring his younger brother; in reward for his services he demanded and received the Vexin Français, a territory not far north of Paris.A patron of the monastic reform movement, he died while returning from a pilgrimage to Jerusalem. [EncyclopaediaBritannica CD '97][2]



Name

Name: Robert /Plantagenet/[3][4][5]
Name: Robert I "The Magnificent" // Duke of Normandy
Name: Robert /De Normandy/ I 'The Magnificent' Duke of Normandy
Name: Robert I /the Magnificent/ Duke of Normandy
Name: Robert // I
Given Name: Robert
Name Suffix: I
Name: Robert I The Magnificent /DEVIL OF NORMANDY/[6][7][8]
Name: Robert /RAGNVALDSSON/ Robert I, The Devil Duke Normandy 6th
Name: Robert I (The Devil) RUFUS /X(091.*)/[9]
Name: /Robert/ I[10][11][12]

Title

Title: Duke of Normandy
"the Magnificent" "the Jerusalemite" in consequence of his pilgrimage, and called by some "the Devil".[royalty_combined6.FTW]

Birth

Birth: 21 JUN 1008 Normady, , parish, England[13]
  • Source: S125551 Title: Maltby 08282011.FTW Repository: Call Number: Media: Other
Source: #S-2015171764

ext: http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=22844971&pid=1314975838

Source S-2015171764
Repository: #R-2015174050
Repository R-2015174050


Husband: UNKNOWN Robert
Wife: Herleve de Falaise
Date: 1023 Not, Graz-Umgebung, Styria, Austria[14][15][16][17][18]


Burial

Burial:
Place: , Nicaea, Bithynia, Turkey

Object

Object:
Format: jpg
File: http://www.myheritageimages.com/Z/storage/site121033611/files/51/13/91/511391_835489e241474c9c27oe2u.jpg
FILESIZE 38408
Title: Robert De Normandy
PRIM_CUTOUT Y
PHOTO_RIN MH:P511391
Object:
Format: jpg
File: http://www.myheritageimages.com/D/storage/site121033611/files/50/63/21/506321_4784965d90xl684sw9d423.jpg
FILESIZE 38408
Title: Normandy
PHOTO_RIN MH:P506321
Object:
Format: jpg
File: http://www.myheritageimages.com/Z/storage/site121033611/files/51/27/11/512711_600641u2b4xe2b18k30e72.jpg
FILESIZE 122788
Title: Duke Robert De Normandy, The Devil
PHOTO_RIN MH:P512711

Note

Note: Web content link:<LinkURL>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_I,_Duke_of_Normandy</LinkURL><LinkName>History</LinkName>
Note: robert I of Nomandy burial
http://trees.ancestry.com/rd?f=image&guid=cb4125fe-b0c4-4bb3-9b11-0d8b4998a336&tid=16746257&pid=2333
Note: 200px-Robert_magnificent_statue_in_falaise_detail
http://trees.ancestry.com/rd?f=image&guid=12b46d16-27d6-484e-8da2-1c7455699dcc&tid=16746257&pid=2333
Note: Biography
http://trees.ancestry.com/rd?f=document&guid=f9235ad2-2ca2-42d0-8fab-31ba99bce95f&tid=16746257&pid=2333
Note: robert of normandy paying court to lady harletta
http://trees.ancestry.com/rd?f=image&guid=77ec5c48-b3bd-4621-a6e9-356127b3dced&tid=16746257&pid=2333
Note: Robert I, Duke of Normandy
http://trees.ancestry.com/rd?f=document&guid=1a3d5651-13c2-46be-b9f4-e7d4323048b4&tid=16746257&pid=2333

Sources

Source S-1993988129
Repository: #R-2041639490
The Generations Network, Inc., 2004.Original data - Burke, John. The Royal Families of England, Scotland, and Wales, With Their Descendants, Sovereigns and Subjects. London, England: E. Churton, 1848-1851.Original data:
Repository R-2041639490
Name: Ancestry.com
Address: http://www.Ancestry.com
 !SOURCES: 1. Tab. Souv. Gen., France 22, Tab. 32, 48
2. Dukes of Normandy, France 5, p. 115-27
3. Keiser und Koenig Hist., Gen. Hist. 25, pt 1, p. 100-01
4. Burke's Peerage, Eng. P, 1949, pref. p. 252
Source S-2024265482
Repository: #R-2024265400
Title: Royal and Noble Genealogical Data
Author: Brian Tompsett
Publication: Copyright 1994-2001, Version March 25, 2001
http://www.dcs.hull.ac.uk/public/genealogy/GEDCOM.html,
Department of Computer Science,
University of Hull,
Hull, UK, HU6 7RX,
B.C.Tompsett@dcs.hull.ac.uk
NS073013
Source Media Type: Electronic
Repository R-2024265400
Source S-2024265483
Repository: #R-2024265400
Title: Royal Database
Author: Camelot International
Note: Good (Burke's old records)
http://www.camelotintl.com/royal/cgi
NS073083
Source Media Type: Electronic

Acknowledgments

Thank you to everyone who has contributed to this profile. See CHANGES tab.


Biography

This biography is a rough draft. It was auto-generated by a GEDCOM import and needs to be edited.

Death

Death:
Date: BET 01 AND 03 JUL 1035
Place: Nicaea, Turkey[19][20]

Imported only 01 from Death Date and marked as uncertain. Could not interpret date in Death Date (BET 01 AND 03 JUL 1035).

Event

Event: Duke of Normandy
Type: Duke of Normandy
Date: BET 1028 AND 1035[21]

Note

Note: #N00066

Sources

  • WikiTree profile Normandy-436 created through the import of My Family_2011-08-21.ged on Aug 21, 2011 by Kate G. See the Changes page for the details of edits by Kate and others.
  • Source: S00024 Title: Brian Tompsett's Royal Database NOTEBrian Tompsett's Royal Database, _ITALIC: Y CONT _PAREN: Y CONT .
  • Source: S00082 Title: Wikipedia NOTEWikipedia, _ITALIC: Y CONT _PAREN: Y CONT .

Notes

Note N000661 NAME Robert The Devil //
2 GIVN Robert The Devil
2 SURN
2 SOUR S34
3 PAGE http://ftp.cac.psu.edu/~saw/royal/r32.html#I1525
3 QUAY 2
2 SOUR S35
3 PAGE http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_the_Magnificent
3 QUAY 1
1NAME Robert The Magnificent //
2 GIVN Robert The Magnificent
2 SURN
2 SOUR S35
3 PAGE http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_the_Magnificent
3 QUAY 1
  1. Sources: RC 89, 131; Kraentzler 1156, 1218, 1241, 1264, 1265, 1342, 1350; Coe; Dukes; AF; K & Q of Britain; Norr; A. Roots 121, 121E, 130; France, Vol. 1 (1868), by M. Guizot and Madame Guizot de Witt; AIS; Davis.
    Roots:
  2. Note: Robert I Magnificient of Normandy
    http://trees.ancestry.com/rd?f=document&guid=7f58c861-445e-4643-a377-47ae83ff081c&tid=22037455&pid=1750453173
  3. Source: #S004386 Page: Ancestry Family Trees Data: Text: http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=6436419&pid=-164907740
  4. Source: #S004330 Data: Text: Birth date: 1000Birth place: Normandy, FranceDeath date: 2 Jul 1035Death place: Nicaea, Bithynia, Turkey
  5. Source: #S004444 Page: Ancestry Family Trees Data: Text: http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=13078823&pid=-128824846
  6. Source: #S1 Page: Database online. Data: Text: Record for Richard II The Good of Normandy
  7. Source: #S1 Page: Database online. Data: Text: Record for William Conqueror Guillaume DeNormandy
  8. Source: #S1 Page: Database online. Data: Text: Record for The Magnificent Robert I of Normandy
  9. Source: #S125551 Data: Text: Date of Import: Aug 28, 2011
  10. Source: #S6 Page: Database online. Data: Text: Record for William I the Conqueror
  11. Source: #S6 Page: Database online. Data: Text: Record for Robert II of Normandy
  12. Source: #S6 Page: Database online. Data: Text: Record for Lesceline de Normandy
  13. Source: #S004330

    Marriage

    Husband: Robert II - the Good X UNKNOWN
    Wife: Julith de Rennes X
    Child: Robert I (The Devil) RUFUS X
    Date: 996<ref>Source: [[#S125551]] Data: Text: Date of Import: Aug 28, 2011</li>

    <li id="_note-13">[[#_ref-13|↑]] Source: [[#S6]] Page: Database online.


    Husband: [[Normandy-109|Richard Of Normandy]]
    Wife: [[Brittany-8|Judith Of Brittany]]
    Child: [[Normandy-108|Robert Of Normandy]]
    Marriage:
    Date: BET EST 963 AND 1013
    Source: [[#S4423]]



    Note: [[#N188]]
    Note <span id='N188'>N188</span>Pedigree 2
    Timeline:
    Death of mother1017 ?(Age 17)? Mother: Judith of Brittany (I2917) ?(Age 35)?
    Birth of a child
    #1about 1027 ?(Age 27)? Daughter: Adelaide of Normandy (I2908)
    Death of father28 August 1027 ?(Age 27)? Normandy, France
    Father: Richard II "the Good" ?(unknown)? Duke of Normandy (I2915) ?(Age 64)?
    Birth of a child
    #2about 1027/28 ?(Age 28)? Son: William I "the Conqueror" ?(unknown)? Duke of Normandy King of England (I2916)
    Death of a grand-parent1031 ?(Age 31)? Grandmother: Gunnora ?(unknown)? (I2923) ?(Age 95)?
    Herleva of Falaise - ?[View Family ?(F1246)??] a semi-official status as the Duke's mistress.
    She later gave birth to his son, William, in 1027 or 1028, and probably a daughter, Adelaide, in 1030.
    Parents Family (F1249)
    Father
    Parents: Richard I "the Fearless" ??(unknown)?? Duke of Normandy and Gunnora ??(unknown)??
    Richard II "the Good" ?(unknown)? Duke of Normandy
    963 - 1027
    Mother
    Parents:
    Conan I of Rennes
    Ermengarde of Anjou
    Judith of Brittany
    982 - 1017 Robert I "the Magnificent" ?(unknown)? Duke of Normandy
    1000 - 1035 Immediate Family (F1246)
    Wife
    Parents:
     ?(unknown)?
    Herleva of Falaise
    1003 - 1050
    Lambert II ??(unknown)?? Count of Lens
    o Judith of Lens
    Adelaide of Normandy
    1027 - 1085
    Son
    William I "the Conqueror" ?(unknown)? Duke of Normandy King of England
    1028 - 1087
    Death3 July 1035 ?(Age 35)? Nicaea, Turkey
    Last Change9 February 2008 - 21:29:34
    View Details for ...
    Parents Family (F1249)
    Father
    Parents:
    Richard I "the Fearless" ??(unknown)?? Duke of Normandy
    Gunnora ??(unknown)??
    Richard II "the Good" ?(unknown)? Duke of Normandy
    963 - 1027
    Mother
    Parents:
    Conan I of Rennes
    Ermengarde of Anjou
    Judith of Brittany
    982 - 1017 Robert I "the Magnificent" ?(unknown)? Duke of Normandy
    1000 - 1035 Immediate Family (F1246)
    Wife
    Parents:
     ?(unknown)?
    Herleva of Falaise
    1003 - 1050
    Daughter
    Family
    Lambert II ??(unknown)?? Count of Lens
    o Judith of Lens
    Adelaide of Normandy
    1027 - 1085
    Son
    Family
     ?(None)?
    William I "the Conqueror" ?(unknown)? Duke of Normandy King of England
    1028 - 1087
    Lineage
    Robert I "The Magnificent" Duke of Normandy
    DatePlaceSourceBorn :Abt. 999Normandy, France-Died :22 Jul 1035Nicea, Bitynia, Turkey, ruled 1027-35-
    Age : 36Ref. : 3204
    FatherMotherRichard II "The Good" Duke of NormandyJudith Conansdght. of BretagneMarriageChildren- Harlette of Falaise14 Oct 1028 - William I "The Conqueror" King of England
    Abt 1029 - Adelaide of England
    Abt 1043 - Emma of Conteville

    === Death ===

    Death: 2 JUL 1035 Nicaea, Turkey<ref>Source: [[#S004330]]  : 2 Jul 1035Death place: Nicaea, Bithynia, Turkey</li>

    <li id="_note-14">[[#_ref-14|↑]] Source: [[#S6]] Page: Database online. Data: Text: Record for William I the Conqueror</li> <li id="_note-15">[[#_ref-15|↑]] Source: [[#S6]] Page: Database online. Data: Text: Record for William I "the Conqueror"</li> <li id="_note-16">[[#_ref-16|↑]] Source: [[#S6]] Page: Database online. Data: Text: Record for Robert II of Normandy</li> <li id="_note-17">[[#_ref-17|↑]] Source: [[#S6]] Page: Database online. Data: Text: Record for Lesceline de Normandy</li> <li id="_note-18">[[#_ref-18|↑]] Source: [[#S00024]] Page: http://ftp.cac.psu.edu/~saw/royal/r32.html#I1525 Quality or Certainty of Data: 3</li> <li id="_note-19">[[#_ref-19|↑]] Source: [[#S00082]] Page: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_the_Magnificent Quality or Certainty of Data: 3</li>

    <li id="_note-20">[[#_ref-20|↑]] Source: [[#S00082]] Page: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_the_Magnificent Quality or Certainty of Data: 3</li></ol></ref>




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Memories

On January 6, 2012 Paul Lee wrote:

from wikipedia

Robert the Magnificent[1] (French: le Magnifique) (22 June 1000 – 3 July 1035), also called Robert the Devil (French: le Diable), was the Duke of Normandy from 1027 until his death. Owing to uncertainty over the numbering of the Dukes of Normandy he is usually called Robert I, but sometimes Robert II with his ancestor Rollo as Robert I. He was the son of Richard II of Normandy and Judith, daughter of Conan I of Rennes. He was the father of William the Conqueror.

When his father died, his elder brother Richard succeeded, whilst he became Count of Hiémois. When Richard died a year later, there were great suspicions that Robert had Richard murdered, hence his other nickname, "the Devil". He is sometimes identified with the legendary Robert the Devil.[citation needed]

Robert aided King Henry I of France against Henry's rebellious brother and mother, and for his help he was given the territory of the Vexin (1032). He also intervened in the affairs of Flanders, supported his cousin Edward the Confessor, who was then in exile at Robert's court, and sponsored monastic reform in Normandy.

By his mistress, Herleva of Falaise, he was father of the future William I of England (1028–1087). He also had an illegitimate daughter, but the only chronicler to explicitly address the issue, Robert of Torigny, contradicts himself, once indicating that she had a distinct mother from William, elsewhere stating that they shared the same mother. This daughter, Adelaide of Normandy (1030 – c. 1083), married three times: to Enguerrand II, Count of Ponthieu, Lambert II, Count of Lens, and Odo II of Champagne.

After making his illegitimate son William his heir, he set out on pilgrimage to Jerusalem. According to the Gesta Normannorum Ducum he travelled by way of Constantinople, reached Jerusalem, and died on the return journey at Nicaea on 2 July 1035. Some sources attribute his death to poison and date it to 1 or 3 July. His son William, aged about eight, succeeded him.

According to the historian William of Malmesbury, William sent a mission to Constantinople and Nicaea, charging it with bringing his father's body back to be buried in Normandy. Permission was granted, but, having travelled as far as Apulia (Italy) on the return journey, the envoys learned that William himself had meanwhile died. They then decided to re-inter Robert's body in Italy.


On October 28, 2011 Roger Wehr wrote:

Robert the Magnificent (22 June 1000 – 3 July 1035), also called Robert the Devil, was the Duke of Normandy from 1027 until his death. Owing to uncertainty over the numbering of the Dukes of Normandy he is usually called Robert I, but sometimes Robert II with his ancestor Rollo as Robert I. He was the son of Richard II of Normandy and Judith, daughter of Conan I of Rennes. He was the father of William the Conqueror.

When his father died, his elder brother Richard succeeded, whilst he became Count of Hiémois. When Richard died a year later, there were great suspicions that Robert had Richard murdered, hence his other nickname, "the Devil". He is sometimes identified with the legendary Robert the Devil.

Robert aided King Henry I of France against Henry's rebellious brother and mother, and for his help he was given the territory of the Vexin (1032). He also intervened in the affairs of Flanders, supported his cousin Edward the Confessor, who was then in exile at Robert's court, and sponsored monastic reform in Normandy.

By his mistress, Herleva of Falaise, he was father of the future William I of England (1028–1087). He also had an illegitimate daughter, but the only chronicler to explicitly address the issue, Robert of Torigny, contradicts himself, once indicating that she had a distinct mother from William, elsewhere stating that they shared the same mother. This daughter, Adelaide of Normandy (1030 – c. 1083), married three times: to Enguerrand II, Count of Ponthieu, Lambert II, Count of Lens, and Odo II of Champagne.

After making his illegitimate son William his heir, he set out on pilgrimage to Jerusalem. According to the Gesta Normannorum Ducum he travelled by way of Constantinople, reached Jerusalem, and died on the return journey at Nicaea on 2 July 1035. Some sources attribute his death to poison and date it to 1 or 3 July. His son William, aged about eight, succeeded him.

According to the historian William of Malmesbury, William sent a mission to Constantinople and Nicaea, charging it with bringing his father's body back to be buried in Normandy. Permission was granted, but, having travelled as far as Apulia (Italy) on the return journey, the envoys learned that William himself had meanwhile died. They then decided to re-inter Robert's body in Italy.





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On February 6, 2012 Roger Travis wrote:

Hi; This profile should have white privacy. Please change it as soon as convenient, so we can carry out the expedited merges outlined here:

http://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Historically-significant_ancestors


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