King Coel (of Britain) Hen I

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King Colius (King Coel) "Old King Coel, the Old" Hen I formerly of Britain aka ap Marius Meric, of Colchester
Born about in Coel Castra, Essex, Colchester, Englandmap
Husband of — married [date unknown] [location unknown]
Husband of — married [date unknown] in Great Britian, Englandmap
Husband of — married [date unknown] [location unknown]
Husband of — married [date unknown] [location unknown]
Husband of — married [date unknown] [location unknown]
Husband of — married [date unknown] [location unknown]
Husband of — married [date unknown] [location unknown]
Husband of — married [date unknown] [location unknown]
Died about in Colchester, Essex, Englandmap
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Contents

Important Notice

This profile is the result of multiple ongoing merges between entries of many family trees. Interested parties are encouraged to edit together the various text blocks into a rational whole. As an historic figure, the privacy should be open or public at all times, if it is not please ask a manager to correct it.

Biography

Coel Hen appears in the Harleian genealogies and the later pedigrees known as the Bonedd Gwŷr y Gogledd (The Descent of the Men of the North) at the head of several post-Roman royal families of the Hen Ogledd.[2] His line, collectively called the Coeling, included such noted figures as Urien, king of Rheged; Gwallog, perhaps king of Elmet; the brothers Gwrgi and Peredur; and Clydno Eiddin, king of Eidyn or Edinburgh.[2][3] He was also considered to be the father-in-law of Cunedda, founder of Gwynedd in North Wales, by his daughter Gwawl.[4] The genealogies give him the epithet Godebog, meaning "Protector" or "Shelterer".[2] The poem Y Gododdin mentions some enmity between the "Sons of Godebog" and the heroes who fought for the Gododdin at the Battle of Catraeth.[3]

Note

The Coles[1]
Jesus_Coat_of_Arms_2[2]

Meurig (Mathew) Hen was related to Coel Hen (Old King Cole) and is thought to have written of him, from which the poem was later written. As smoking was not then invented it must be assumed that the pipe and bowl were musical instruments equivalent to the modern flute or drum.

The children’s nursery song is now believed to have derived from the historical story of Coel Hen (Old King Cole) and because of this, or perhaps for younger readers the poem is reproduced below. Hen is the Welsh word for old.

Old King Cole was a merry old soul, And a merry old soul was he. He called for his pipe, and he called for his bowl, And he called for his fiddlers three. Now every fiddler had a fine fiddle, And a very fine fiddle had he. Tweedle dum, tweedle dee, went the fiddlers three, Tweedledum-dee, dum-de-dee, dum-de-dee.

Old King Cole was a merry old soul, And a merry old soul was he. He called for his pipe, and he called for his bowl, And he called for his harpers three. Every harper had a fine harp, And a very fine harp had he. Twang-a-twang, twang-a-twang, went the harpers three, Twang-a-twang, twang, twang-a-twang-a-twee.

Old King Cole was a merry old soul, And a merry old soul was he. He called for his pipe, and he called for his bowl, And he called for his drummers three. Every drummer had a fine drum, And a very fine drum had he. Rub-a-dub, rub-a-dub, went the drummers three, Rub-a-dub, dub, rub-a-dub-a-dee.

The Cole family, referred to as the Cole race, ruled the biggest area of Britain (which at that time consisted of a combined England, Scotland and Wales) which encompassed present day Southern Scotland, Lancashire, Yorkshire, Northumberland and Cumbria. This compared with Wales which was split into five regions and extended east to Lichfield and the rest of Britain consisting of dozens of kingdoms.

The arrival and subsequent departure of the Romans did not much alter the Cole dynasty and it was the Danes and Saxons who eventually wiped them out, being completed by about 616.

Coel Hen himself (Old King Cole) reigned from about 350 to 420 and prior to Arthur, 'fighting duke' of the Coles, who later became a king. Coel Hen is thought to have ruled South West Scotland, Cumbria and Yorkshire down to York.

At the time of which we are speaking the outline of Britain was very much different than it is today. The land mass was much bigger in these dark ages, an example of which is that much of Cardigan Bay was land and a triangle of land existed between the North Wales coast to north of the Ribble. This latter area was occupied by a race of people known as the Setantii. Why no approximate maps exist showing the outline of this island prior to the huge rise in water levels during the dark ages is not understood as it would make the understanding of history very much easier.

Not much is known of the Cole race earlier than Coel Hen and his brothers. The brothers were Hen (the oldest) d about 420, Dyfynwal of Dumbarton and Clyde d about 440, Amlauit Wledic (or Lluch) d about 440, ruling East Cumbria, North Lancashire and most of Yorkshire, whose wife was Gwen, daughter of Cunedda and Arthur's maternal Great grandfather. The ruler of Setantii and lower Lancashire was Seithenin.

Two of Coel's sons were Ceneu and Gorbanian of whom nothing else is known. Another son was thought to be Meirchawn whose uncle Mor and cousin Morydd were thought to be father and brother of Merlin. Meirchawn had two sons, March 500 - 530 and Llyr Merini, with two sisters Eliffer and Gwenddoleu. Rhodric Mawr was an ancestor of Coel Hen, as was Mathew Hen, son of Brochfael Ysgythrog King of Powys.

Seithenin's family was Gwyddno, a son, who died about 470, by which time the sea had submerged his and his fathers kingdom. Another son was Arwystal Cloff who married Tywanwedd, the sister of Arthur's mother Ygerne, and therefore became Arthur's uncle. Arwystal Cloff had a daughter Machell. Another son of Seithenin was Llyr Merini (the 1st of that name, see above) whose name meant Sea Marine. Senewr d. 470 was another son of Seithenin and the last was named Menestry. Seithenin also had a grandson Cei who became one of Arthurs closest companions.

Other notes about the Cole or Coel family are as follows. Padarn Peisrudd was the grandfather of Cunedda of Gododin, who with Urien of Rheged and Gwallauc of Elmet were the warrior leaders of the Cole dynasty. Owein the son of Urien was a Cole family member so must have married into the family. Talhearn, who lived at the time of Arthur, was a family member and his son Aneirin died about 600.

By the 6th century the Anglo Saxons were pressing the Cole empire seriously, hampered severely by 'King' Arthur and by 547 the Saxon King Ida had taken Northumbria. This was the beginning of the end for the Coles.

Although much material is held on the Cole race, nevertheless reference has been made extensively to 'Old King Cole and the Real King Arthur' to collate and extend notes to write this article.[3]

Coel Hen brought corn into Britain

Name

Name: COLIUS King of Britain
Name: Coel "Old King Coel" (Coilus) King Of /BRITAIN/
Given Name: Coel "Old King Coel" (Coilus) King Of
Surname: BRITAIN
Name: Coel (Coilus) "Old /King Coel" King Of Britain/
Name: /Coel/
Surname: Coel
Name: Coel "Old King Coel" (Coilus) King Of /Britain/
Surname: Britain
Given Name: Coel "Old King Coel" (Coilus) King Of

Birth

Date: 85
Place: England
Date: 85
Place: Coel Castra, Essex, Colchester, England
Date: ABT 60
Place: Britain
Date: 80
Place: Powys County, Wales
Date: 80
Place: Siluria, Britain

Death

Date: 170
Place: Colchester, Essex, England

Sources

  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coel_Hen
  • Royal Line, The: Albert F Schmuhl: March, 1929 NYC, NY - Rev. March 1980. Genealogical lineages may not always be from father to son, especially Houses of Kings

References

  1. http://trees.ancestry.com/rd?f=document&guid=0930e968-07aa-4ece-8f90-78efa172a5e8&tid=24279608&pid=1570292825
  2. http://trees.ancestry.com/rd?f=image&guid=32c5a3d6-49fb-4afd-ac0a-9f79d68c64e4&tid=24279608&pid=1570292825
  3. http://www.deloriahurst.com/deloriahurst%20page/1839.html

Acknowledgements

  • Of the Britains-2 created through the import of Elbert Clayton Smith_s tree_2011-07-29.ged on Jul 29, 2011 by Alexis Connolly. * Of the Britains-6 created through the import of Sara Betty Northrup_2011-07-29.ged on Jul 29, 2011 by Alexis Connolly.
  • Created through the import of breesefam.ged on 09 May 2011.
  • Created through the import of master 11_12.ged on 21 October 2010.
  • Created through the import of Williams_AndersForWikiTree.ged on 07 May 2011.
  • Created through the import of Harrington_Wright 2009.ged on 05 May 2011.
  • Britain-31 created through the import of WALKER2Large.ged on Jun 9, 2011 by Amanda Walker.
  • DeBRITAIN-12 created through the import of jefflorrie(1).ged on Sep 10, 2011 by Jeff Johnson.
  • Created through the import of Campbell-Charsha Family Tree.ged on 28 February 2011.
  • UNKNOWN-103885 created through the import of Main Tree_2011-07-30_2011-08-30.ged on Aug 30, 2011 by Sharryn Hopgood.
  • Coel-14 created through the import of heinakuu2011-6.ged on Jul 5, 2011 by Johanna Amnelin.
  • Britain-36 created through the import of OliveMinverva.ged on Aug 5, 2011 by Ryan Davis.
  • Created through the import of Dickinson Family Tree.ged on 31 March 2011.
  • Created through the import of Morton Family Tree.ged on 16 November 2010.

Biography

This biography is a rough draft. It was auto-generated by a GEDCOM import and needs to be edited.

Name

Name: /Coel/ I[4]

Couldn't find any valid first name.

Birth

Birth:
Date: 80
Place: Eboracum, now York, England[5][6][7][8][9]

Could not interpret date in Birth Date (80).

Death

Death:
Date: 150
Place: Carlisle, Scotland[10][11][12][13][14]

Alias

Alias: Coel of Colchester
Alias: King Cole
Alias: Colius ap Cyllin
Alias: Coel Hen
Alias: Coilius ap Marius Meric

Title

Title: KIng of Britain 94 AD

Sources

  • WikiTree profile Coel-20 created through the import of SRW 7th July 2011.ged on Jul 7, 2011 by Stephen Wilkinson. See the Changes page for the details of edits by Stephen and others.
  • Source: S6 Author: Ancestry.com Title: Public Member Trees Publication: Name: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc.; Location: Provo, UT, USA; Date: 2006; Repository: #R1
  • Repository: R1 Name: www.ancestry.co.uk Address: E-Mail Address: Phone Number:
  1. http://trees.ancestry.com/rd?f=document&guid=0930e968-07aa-4ece-8f90-78efa172a5e8&tid=24279608&pid=1570292825
  2. http://trees.ancestry.com/rd?f=image&guid=32c5a3d6-49fb-4afd-ac0a-9f79d68c64e4&tid=24279608&pid=1570292825
  3. http://www.deloriahurst.com/deloriahurst%20page/1839.html
  4. Source: #S6 Page: Database online. Data: Text: Record for Lucius Ap Coel
  5. Source: #S6 Page: Database online. Data: Text: Record for Llewfer Mawr ap Lucius
  6. Source: #S6 Page: Database online. Data: Text: Record for Croilius Coel of Colchester ap Marius Meric
  7. Source: #S6 Page: Database online. Data: Text: Record for Emerita verch Coel
  8. Source: #S6 Page: Database online. Data: Text: Record for Coel (Colius) ap Cyllin
  9. Source: #S6 Page: Database online. Data: Text: Record for Lucius Ap Coel
  10. Source: #S6 Page: Database online. Data: Text: Record for Llewfer Mawr ap Lucius
  11. Source: #S6 Page: Database online. Data: Text: Record for Croilius Coel of Colchester ap Marius Meric
  12. Source: #S6 Page: Database online. Data: Text: Record for Emerita verch Coel
  13. Source: #S6 Page: Database online. Data: Text: Record for Coel (Colius) ap Cyllin
  14. Source: #S6 Page: Database online. Data: Text: Record for Lucius Ap Coel




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