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Nicholas Olmstead

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Captain Nicholas Olmstead aka Olmsted
Born about in Fairstead, Essex, England
Husband of — married in Fairstead, Essex
Husband of — married in Hartford, Hartford, Connecticut
Died in Hartford, Hartford, Connecticut
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Categories: Puritan Great Migration | Lyon, sailed June 22, 1632.

The Puritan Great Migration.
This person migrated to New England during the Puritan Great Migration (1620-1640).
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Nicholas Olmsted was baptized in Fairsted, England on February 15, 1612. His parents were James Olmsted and Joyce Cornish. Nicholas came to the America in 1632 on the ship "Lyon" with his father James, his brother Nehemiah, and cousins Richard, Rebecca, and John. They were among the original settlers of Hartford which was officially founded in 1636 along with the colony of Connecticut (also called the River Colony).

During this period, however, friction between the new settlers and the Pequot Indians of Connecticut was growing. In 1636 Massachusetts settlers accused a Pequot Indian of murdering a colonist and in retaliation they burned a Pequot village in what is now Block Island in Rhode Island. Sassacus, the head chief of the Pequots, began to gather his warriors. The Hartford settlers decided to attack first. In May 1637 the General Court decided to attack a large Pequot village and fort at what is now Mystic, Connecticut.

The population of Hartford at that time consisted of only 800 people but by May 9 ninety men had been formed into a raiding party under the command of Captain Mason. Nicholas and his cousin Richard were included in the party. They embarked on three small boats which they rowed or sailed down the Connecticut River to its mouth. There they were joined by seven Narraganset and many Pequot Indians under the rival Pequot chief Uncas. (Uncas and his followers would later be called Mohicans and Uncas would later be idealized as the perfect Indian in James Fenimore Cooper's novel The Last of the Mohicans). As a result of the Indian reinforcements or perhaps because of some information they brought 20 men were sent back to Hartford.

On June 5, 1637 they attacked the sleeping Indian village and fort. Lieutenant Thomas Bull and Nicholas Olmsted snuck up to the wooden fort walls and set it on fire. When the Pequots discovered what was happening they "ran about as most dreadfully amazed" as Captain Mason would later write. The rest of the raiding party started burning the village and killed about 600 men, women, and children. Only two townsmen were killed and twenty wounded.

The remaining Pequots were defeated in a battle near Fairfield the same year and the survivors were sold into slavery in Bermuda. The colonists would have no more problems with the natives until King Philip's war 40 years later.

Both Nicholas and Richard received land grants for their part in the battle. On September 28, 1640 Nicholas married Sarah Loomis. Sarah was born in 1617 in England to Joseph Loomis and Mary White.

They had the following children in Hartford:

Sarah - born 1641; died November 7, 1709

Mary - born November 20, 1646

Rebecca - born March 12, 1647 or 1648

John - baptized February 3, 1649 or 1650; died young

Samuel - born 1653; died January 13, 1726 in East Haddam, Connecticut

Joseph - born 1654; died October 5, 1726

Mabel Elizabeth - born ?; died October 12, 1681

Thomas - born ?; died May 28, 1741


Migration-1: 1632, London to Boston on the Lyon Migration-2: 1634, to Hartford, Hartford Co., CT Military: 1675, King Philip's War, Capt. of Dragoons, Hartford, CT


  • The Public Records of the Colony of Connecticut, (Hartford, Brown & Parsons, 1850) Vol. 1, Page 446 mentioned in his father's will
  • The Great Migration Begins Immigrants to New England 1620-1633
  • New England Marriages Prior to 1700
  • Dawes-Gates Ancestral Lines Vol. II
  • Genealogy of the Olmsted Family in America (1912)
  • James Savage Genealogical Dictionary of the First Settlers of New England
  • Families of Early Hartford, Connecticut
  • Colonial Families of United States
  • Descendants of Joseph Loomis
  • U.S., Sons of the American Revolution Membership Applications,1889-1970 Original data - Sons of the American Revolution Membership Applications, 1889-1970. Louisville, Kentucky: National Society of the Sons of the American Revolution. Microfilm, 508 rolls.

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