The Great Migration Begins Sketches PRESERVED PURITAN
ORIGIN: High Laver, Essex
MIGRATION: 1631 on second trip of Lyon
FIRST RESIDENCE: Boston
CHURCH MEMBERSHIP: "James and Lydia Pennyman" were admitted to Boston church as members #117 and #118, which would be late in 1631 On 16 February 1639/40 "James Pennyman and Lydia his wife" were "recommended to the Church of Christ at Mount Wollystone".
FREEMAN: 6 March 1631/2.
EDUCATION: On 12 August 1636 "James Pennyman" paid 5s. for the support of the schoolmaster . He signed his will. His inventory included "books" valued at 18s.
OFFICES: Boston fenceviewer, 9 February 1634[/5]. Petit jury, 19 February 1635[/6]. Braintree selectman, 1640, 1645, 1651-53. Commissioner to end small causes for Braintree, 10 May 1643. On 27 January 1639[/40] James "Pennyman" and five others represented their neighbors at Mount Wollaston in an agreement with the town of Boston for 4s. an acre for every two acres of the seven acres formerly granted "to diverse, then of Boston, upon expectation they should have continued with us; and 3s. an acre for every acre that hath been, or shall be, granted to any others who are not inhabitants of Boston and ... all the said lands shall be free from any town rates or charges to Boston, and also from the country charges when the Mount shall be rated by the court ..." and liberty to accept the court's permission to become a town.
ESTATE: On 21 March 1636[/7] it was agreed "that our brother James Pennyman shall have leave for this year to mow that part of the marsh on the neck near unto his garden which he hath wontedly mown". On 2 June 1637 it was agreed "that James Pennyman shall have the Hilsteade and the marsh ground under it as it shall be measured and bounded out at Charles Ryver, he allowing out of his allotment at Mount Woollystone seven acres for five". On 22 February 1640[/1] "brother Peniman" had two and a half acres on the Knight's neck at Braintree for which he was to "pay after the rate of 12s. per acre for the town stock of Boston". On 29 July 1644 land within the common fence at Braintree near the Knight's neck was sold to Sergt. Matson, James Penniman, Moses Payne, Francis Eliot for 5s. per acre to be paid to Mr. Henry Flint of Braintree for his own use "on consideration of his late great loss through the hand of God's providence by fire". He was again ordered to pay for this land to Mr. Flint at the town meeting 30 September 1644, having failed to do so in a timely manner.
In his will, dated 18 December 1664 and proved 31 January 1664[/5], "James Pennyman of Braintree" bequeathed "half my uplands, half my meadows, half my orchard, half my barns & outhousing, and all my dwelling house I do give unto my beloved wife, for her support & my lesser children with her"; "the other half I give unto my son Joseph, & if he think good, to improve it all for his mother's comfort ... I think it will be best if he marry & build near my wife"; "my moveable estate I also give wholly to my wife for her support & the education of my lesser children"; "and because God hath blessed me with many children I do commit it to my wife's discretion to do good unto them all, in as near a proportion as she can & to be most helpful to them that have most need"; at her death, to "my children so as to make them as equal sharers as she can"; "my first born, James, having been educated into such a way of living as he is having already had a portion ... [to] answer his double portion"; to "my youngest son Samuel & my three youngest daughters, I give £20 apiece if it be to be had at my wife's decease, or afore if need be, & such as are married, to be made up to such a sum if it be to be had". The inventory of "James Pennyman" was taken 27 September 1664 and totalled £505 3s., including real estate valued at £370: "his part of his lease of Mr. Hoffe's Necke," £15; "dwelling house," £45; "barn & stable & old house & orchard," £70; "thirty acres of land or thereabout lying near the mill pond," £70; "fifteen acres near Knight's neck," £30; "about eighteen acres nigh Weymouth Ferry," £55; "three acres by Goodman Parmenter's," £15; and "2 parcels of salt meadow being about 8 acres lying in the neck," £70. On 23 May 1666, the General Court, in "answer to the petition of Lyddia, widow of James Pennyman, the Court, having read & perused her petition, as also the imperfect will of her late husband, with the order of the County Court of Suffolk made thereupon, see no cause to make any alteration in the premises, but leave the petitioner to act in this her trust according to the power already committed to her". On 13 October 1680, in "answer to the petition of Mrs. Margery Flynt, the Court do judge, that the payment & bond mentioned in the petition appearing to the administrators of James Pennyman's estate to satisfaction, the administrators are hereby empowered & ordered to pass deeds of sale in said Pennyman's name".
BIRTH: Baptized Chipping Ongar, Essex, 29 July 1599, son of James and Annis (Wilcock) Penniman.
DEATH: Braintree 26 December 1664.
MARRIAGE: High Laver, Essex, 26 July 1631 Lydia Eliot, sister of JOHN ELIOT and JACOB ELIOT , and daughter of Bennet Eliot of Widford and Nazeing, Essex. (The High Laver parish register omits her maiden name.) She married (2) Medfield 7 [December?] 1665 as his second wife Thomas Wight.
JAMES, bp. Boston 26 March 1633 [ BChR 277]; m. Boston 10 May 1659 Mary Cross [ BVR 71].
LYDIA, bp. Boston 22 February 1634/5 [ BChR 279]; m. by 1653 Edward Adams (eldest child b. Medfield 12 July 1653; see COMMENTS below).
JOHN, bp. Boston 15 January 1637[/8] [ BChR 281]; m. Braintree 24 February 166[4/]5 Hannah Billings [ BrVR 717].
JOSEPH, b. Braintree 1 August 1639 [ NEHGR 3:247], bp. Boston 29 September 1639 [ BChR 283]; m. (1) Braintree 25 September 1666 Waiting Robinson [ [2vBrVR 717]; m. (2) Braintree 10 May 1693 "Sarah Stone, widow of Deacon John Stone of Watertown" [ BrVR 720].
SARAH, b. Braintree 16 May 1641 [ NEHGR 3:247]; m. Dorchester 19 January 1663/4 Increase Robinson [ DVR 21].
BETHIA, b. say 1643; m. by 1673 John Allen [ SPR 6:160; TAG 71:1-6].
SAMUEL, b. Braintree 14 November 1645 [ NEHGR 12:107]; m. Dorchester 6 January 1673/4 Elizabeth Parmenter [ DVR 23; BrVR 718].
HANNAH, b. Braintree 26 May 1648 [ BrVR 632]; m. (1) Taunton 4 February 1671 John Hall; m. (2) Taunton 4 June 1702 Samuel Haskins [ TAG 28:253-54].
ABIGAIL, b. Braintree 27 December 1651 [ BrVR 632]; m. Bridgewater 7 December 1670 John Cary [ TAG 71:18].
MARY, b. Braintree 29 September 1653 [ BrVR 632]; m. Braintree 4 April 1678 Samuel Paine [ BrVR 719].
ASSOCIATIONS: His wife was sister of Rev. JOHN ELIOT and Philip Eliot of Roxbury, JACOB ELIOT of Boston, Francis Eliot of Braintree, Sarah (Eliot) Curtis, wife of WILLIAM CURTIS of Roxbury, and Mary (Eliot) Payson, wife of Edward Payson of Roxbury and Dorchester.
COMMENTS: He was one of those Boston men to be disarmed in the Wheelwright controversy, or Antinomian Controversy, on 20 November 1637. On about 22 November 1637 "James Paniman" affirmed "that I have never consented to have my hand set to the Petition which gave offense to the Court, neither do I allow of it but do think it was done without warrant". In 1660 "James Penneman" was one of the inhabitants of Braintree who petitioned the General Court for the establishment of a new plantation, which became the town of Mendon.
BIBLIOGRAPHY: Clifford L. Stott has discovered the origin of James Penniman in Chipping Ongar, Essex, and has also provided evidence and careful arguments for the identity of the spouses of James Penniman's daughters.
James Penniman, the emigrant ancestor of the Penniman family in America, was one of the settlers of the town of Braintree, Massachusetts, having gone there from Boston where he at first lived. He came over in the ship Lion in 1631 with his wife Lydia Eliot (sister of John Eliot, the Apostle to the Indians), and having as fellow passengers, John Winthrop, Jr. (son of the Governor of Massachusetts Bay, and himself first Governor of Connecticut), John Eliot and his brother Jacob Eliot.
The Eliots came from Naseing, Essex, while the seat of the Penniman family was probably in Yorkshire, where the English Pennyman family still live at Marske, in Ormesby Hall (see Pennyman Records).
The connection between the English and the American families has never been satisfactorily established. The statement sometimes made that James, the emigrant was a brother of Sir Wilham Pennyman, the distinguished Royalist is not substantiated by any known record, though it is not impossible that it may be true.
As James was a Puritan it has been suggested that his Royalist relations kept no record of him or that the records were destroyed. (For James, the Emigrant, see Town Records of Braintree, Massachusetts.
For Lydia, his wife, see Town Records of Medfield, Massachusetts where her second marriage as widow of James, is mentioned and she is stated to have been the sister of John Eliot, the Apostle. For Penniman see the Pennyman Records, York 1904, Appendix N, American Pennimans.)
James Penniman, b. in England, came in the Lion, 1631, with John Winthrop, Jr.; admitted as Freeman 6th March, 1631-1632; of Boston at first; of Braintree, 1639; wife, Lydia Eliot; he d. 26th December, 1664. Lydia m. (secondly) 7th December, 1665, Thomas Wright, of Medfield (Medfield Records).
James Penniman's will is dated 18th December, 1664; proved 31st January, 1664-1665; recorded Suff. Prob., 1 : 443. Mentions his oldest son James, son Joseph, youngest son Samuel.
He says, "God hath blessed me with many children." His son James "had been educated into such a way of living, as he is having already had a portion."
Most of the children, he says, were young. Inventory, 31st January, 1664-1665, including dwelling house, £45; barn and stable, old house and orchard, £70; thirty acres of land near the Mill-Pond, £70; fifteen acres near Knight's Neck, (Quincy), £30; eighteen acres "nigh Weymouth ffery," £55, etc. Total, £505, 3s. Sworn to in court by Lydia Penniman, widow of James. (Suff. Prob., 4: 207.)
This note on Aibgail as wife is Neale is not in other records ????
viii. Abigail, 6. 27th December, 1651; m. i8th April, 1678, Samuel Neale, son of Henry Neale.
Source: "Ancestral lineage of Josiah Harmar Penniman and James Hosmer Penniman whose immigrant ancestor was James Penniman, of Massachusetts" REPRINT FROM COLONIAL FAMILIES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA Volume VII Copyright, 1920 BY Nelson Osgood Rhoades.
James Penniman d. Braintree, MA on December 26, 1664. bpt. Chipping Ongar, Essex, England on July 29, 1599.
James and Lydia emigrated to New England in 1630 with the Winthrop Flett with 700 other passengers. and first settled in Boston where they were church members and where James took the oath of freemen with his brothers-in-law, Johnand Jacob Eliot. James was disarmed by the Massachusetts Bay government in November of 1637 because he was supporter of the religious rebels Anne Hutchinson and John Wheelwright. In 1640, the family moved to Mount Walliston (Braintree). James appears to have been a literate and successful small farmer. The inventory of his estate included the following property in Braintree:
a lease hold of Mr. Hoofe's Neck, 15£
a dwelling house, 45£
a barn, stable, old house and orchard, 70£
30 acres of land near mill pond, 70£
15 acres near Knight's Neck, 30£
18 acres near Weymouth Ferry, 55£
3 acres near Goodman Parmenter's, 15£
2 parcels of salt meadow, 70£
Came from High Laver, Essex, to Boston in 1631on the second trip of the Lyon. Removed to Braintree. Freeman 6 March 1631/32. He was a selectman at Braintree a number of times. His will was dated 18 Dec 1664 and proved 31 Jan 1664/65. Inventory totalled L505 3s, including real estate valued at L370.
Source S15 : Abbreviation: Ancestry.com : Title: London, England, Marriages and Banns, 1754-1921 : Guildhall, St Andrew Holborn, Register of marriages by banns, 1787 - 1793, P69/AND2/A/01/Ms 6670/7
Source S410 Title: Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England, 1620-33, Volume: 1-3 : Author: Robert Charles Anderson: Publication: New England Historical Genealogical Society, Boston, 1995
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