Project: European Aristocrats

Categories: European Aristocrats Project

Welcome to the European Aristocrats Project!

The European Aristocrats Project is a forum for WikiTreers interested in improving the profiles of the European royalty, aristocrats and nobility and their descendants.
*Royals are/were the monarchs and their immediate family. See the following Wiki article re: royalty:
*Nobles are/were the highest social class and generally held land or an office in exchange for allegiance and services to a monarch or higher-ranking nobleman. See the following Wiki article re: nobility:
*Aristocrats are/were persons with elevated social status and generally held titles granted by a monarch. See the following Wiki article re: aristocracy:
*Gentry are/were persons with elevated social status, often called ladies and gentlemen, without titles or coats of arms. See the following Wiki article re: gentry:
It's important to remember that these ancestors are massively common--that is, thousands of WikiTree members share them; working on their profiles can be tricky and requires a high degree both of genealogical knowledge and of familiarity with WikiTree procedures. This is the era when thousands of people connect with hundreds of thousands of royal and other aristocratic lineages.
We use the G2G forum for our discussions of project matters, as well as our Google+ community (see below). Please don't hesitate to ask for help with tracing your family-history back to the aristocratic families of medieval Europe; we've developed a great many consensus standards and best practices that we hope you'll learn to use in your own efforts.
For the naming standards, see Name Fields for European Aristocrats as well as the section located further down on this page. All users are encouraged to also read WikiTree's guidelines on Name Fields. If you have a question with regard to what to enter where, ask before doing by posting a question on the G2G forum in Special Projects, and be sure to use the EuroAristo tag. You also should feel free to contact Kathy and/or Darlene.


Join the Google+ Community

We have recently started a community on Google + for the European Aristocrats project. We'd love to have you join and participate in the community. Since it's new and just getting started, we need some enthusiastic participants!
Members can communicate with each other through this Google+ Community. This way we can easily share ideas.
Add yourself by clicking over to the group.
In the left column of the G+ Community you'll see an icon for "turn notifications on/off." Be sure it is set to "on" so that you get updates via e-mail.

Project Contacts and Participants euroaristo.gif

The leaders of this project are Katherine Patterson and Darlene Athey Hill. For a full list of participants, see the badge report.
If you would like to be involved in this project, please do the following:
  1. Add euroaristo to your list of followed tags. That way you'll see all of our discussions in your G2G Feed.
  2. Ask Kathy to award you the European Aristocrat Member badge.
  3. Add your name to the list below, along with a note about what you're currently working on for this project.
You may also want to check out our older discussions on the Google Group. We use G2G for discussions now, but the archives are still very useful.

Our Current Focus Areas

If you are currently working on something within the EuroAristo project, please add your name and list your current focus. Please keep track of what you're currently working on for this project by changing the information shown and showing current date. This is both for your own reference and to aid collaboration amongst the project participants. If you are going to be temporarily inactive in the project (e.g. on vacation), please note that here. Thanks!
  • William Arbuthnot - Arbuthnott, Arbuthnot, Finley
  • Darlene Athey Hill - As co-leader, I'm working on improving our site presence as well as sub-dividing the projects and cleaning up categorization. (June 2014)
  • John Atkinson - Adopted orphaned profiles, mostly German royal/noble families and working my way through updating and merging, starting with Wurttemberg (28 April 2014)
  • Fred Bergman - building the "Nederlands Patriciaat" families and Lower Noble families as Gijsberti Hodenpijl, Hodenpijl.
  • Penny Blake - Only recently cross the "Posh" lines, but surnames include Hobart, Martineau, Middleton
  • Barbara Bonanni Researching Bretagne and Montfort houses.
  • Tracy Conrad - I would love to help with Anjou and Neville
  • April Dauenhauer - focused on the Surety Barons of Magna Carta and others named in the Great Charter, especially Clare; also House of Montfort
  • Rhian Geleick - starting to organize the Lords of Seton and Winton, then moving back to earlier lines.
  • Martyn Grifhorst - Categorization of European Nobility and spreading out from branches from Dutch nobles into Germany and Danmark
  • Morten Valner Grymer-Hansen - I research some Danish nobility. I am starting with some small families but I would like to extend my research later on. Families I am currently working on: de Thygeson, de Cederfeld, Ammitzbøll, and Rothe.
  • Thomas Halliday - Working on the House of Sachsen-Lauenburg beginning with Franz I and working in both directions.
  • Eowyn Langholf - Working on Prussian nobility
  • Lianne Lavoie - Finished all descendants of King Edward VII. Towards my ultimate goal of filling in all descendants of Queen Victoria, right now I'm working on the descendants of Wilhelm II, German Emperor, one of her 42 grandchildren. (4 April 2013)
  • Magda- House of Arpad (Arpadhazi),The Hunyadis, Szapolyais, Jagello Dynasty and some Piasts. Also plan to fix, de-dupe Bohemia, Moravia, Kievs.
  • Roderick Mallia - I would like to give a helping hand with Maltese nobility. Progress will be slow for the time being because I do not have too much time on my hands, but I'm hoping that things will pick up in a couple of months' time.
  • Adam McQuery - Norwegian Nobility to also include Scotland and the Isle of Man
  • Kathy Alvis Patterson - de Vere, Spanish royal houses
  • Matt Pryber - Plantagenets, Lancaster, Butlers and other British families
  • Lynden Raber - All ancient Royal European lines up into the present time. Also searching for those individuals that came to the New World in the Age of Exploration.
  • Larry Ridgley - Cleaning up the "Arnold" lineage which has Welsh roots as well as early New England history
  • Michael Thomas - Have been collecting names all over Europe and filling out branches for several years. Now ready to begin a "special" project of particular interest, possibly with help from this group.
  • Roger Travis - Working with Maggie N on cleaning up the House of Wessex. Continuing to be the point of contact for the houses I manage. If anyone would like to take over any of "my" houses, just let me know!
  • Lydia Vierson - Working on Luther/Abell ancestors back through Plantagenets to Charlemagne. Possible source work for Order of the Crown of Charlemagne.
  • Veronica Williams - Richard III project. Looking to identify proven mtDNA descendant line from Anne of York to Michael Ibsen. If time permits may expand to document other potential mtdna lines.
  • Vic Watt - Generally merging, cleaning up and sourcing.
  • Lena Svensson - Swedish noble houses. (July 2014)

Project Box

The project box for this project is Template:European Aristocrat. It should be placed on profiles above the biography. Simply copy the following text into the profile, and set the house and image as needed:

{{European Aristocrat
| house =
| image =

The house should be exactly what the category for that house is called to ensure that the profile is put in the correct category. The image should be the file name of the house's crest, badge, etc. Images should be uploaded to Space:European Aristocrats Project, and the file name can be found in the changes in the item for the upload of the image.

This template will display a project box on the profile with the appropriate house and a link to this project page and will also put the profile in the correct house category, so you do not need to include the Category line on the profile when using this template.

Useful Links

England and the U.K. have five Peerages:

  • The Peerage of England — all titles created by the Kings and Queens of England before the Act of Union in 1707: Peerage of England
  • The Peerage of Scotland — all titles created by the Kings and Queens of Scotland before 1707: Peerage of Scotland
  • The Peerage of Ireland — titles created for the Kingdom of Ireland before the Act of Union of 1801, and some titles created later: Peerage of Ireland
  • The Peerage of Great Britain — titles created for the Kingdom of Great Britain between 1707 and 1801: Peerage of Great Britain
  • The Peerage of the United Kingdom — most titles created since 1801: Peerage of U.K.

Profile Management Information

Profiles are managed by a small number of managers (frequently just one), as assigned by the user group. Management of 300+ year old profiles is treated differently than that of more modern profiles. For more information on this click here. Please understand that these profiles were created by many users and collaborated on by the group. Profile managers are not responsible for accuracy or content (though of course we try to improve it when we can).

Current Challenges

Many of the discussions in this project are about what last name to use for a noble family (hereinafter referred to as a 'house'). Once the group has discussed and chosen a name, a project participant will become that house's manager (see the list below this section). The house manager is the primary person working on merges for that house.

We have a large number of profiles that were created, and new ones that continue to be created, with the wrong information in the Last Name at Birth (LNAB) field. We need to have people identify these profiles, bringing them to the attention of a leader with the ability to correct the LNAB field. These profiles include those that have a prefix or preposition, such as de, le, of, l' as part of their LNAB (for example, le Bigod in LNAB field needs to be changed to Bigod, and then Current Last Name (CLN) field changed to le Bigod).

We are in the process of trying to set up and/or improve the multitude of sub-categories.

House Assignments (by LNAB - Last Name at Birth)

LNABs Managed by Martyn

Orange Orange-Nassau Amsberg Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg Hesse Habsburg

LNABs Managed by Roger Travis

Merovingian, Carolingian, Arnulfing, Normandie, Anjou, Capet, Robertian, Thüringen, Metz, Pippinid, Mowbray, Flanders, Beaumont-le-Roger, Vermandois, Welf, Liutfride, Bosonid, Wessex, Savoy,

LNABs Managed by Lindsay Coleman

Boleyn, Plantagenet, Tudor, Lancaster, York, Wynne, Wyatt

Under Construction: Neville, Beaufort

LNABs Managed by Kathy Patterson

Alava, Aragon, Asturias, Ayala, Barcelona, Bourgogne, Bruce, Castilla, de Vere, Girón, Guzman, Lara, Leon, Navarra, Portugal, Rogriguez

LNABs Managed by Lianne Lavoie

Hanover, Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Stewart, Wettin, Windsor

LNABs Managed by Sir William Arbuthnot


LNAB Managed by Maggie

Arpad, The Hunyadis,Szapolyais, Jagello Dynasty and some Kievs and Paist, Wessex, " of " Bohemia, Moravia.

LNABs Managed by Darlene

Bigod, Blois, Neville (working with Lindsay) Percy

LNABs Managed by Eowyn

Champagne, Gorm

LNABs Managed by Rhian

Seton, Dunbar

LNABs Managed by April Dauenhauer

( Magna Carta ) - These fall under the Magna Carta Project, it is not an exclusive 'management', more of an oversight for the baron's profiles.

Currently Unassigned LNABs

There are more LNABs to come. If you would like to suggest one please tell us in the G2G Forum with the tag euroaristo.

As a side note, we already have Percy but I suppose I will clearly mention intentions to use LNABS Montfort and Hesse for the cadet lines of Reginar, listed above

Profile Maintenance and LNAB Selection

All users are encouraged to first read WikiTree's guidelines on Name Fields. Then read Name Fields for European Aristocrats.

Last Name at Birth

LNAB: Last Name At Birth should be one word
EuroAristo project members decided that Fitz- names should be written with mid-caps, that is, a capital letter for the father's name. For example, write FitzAlan, FitzGeoffrey, FitzGerald, etc. This is the same pattern as used in names with Mac-: MacMurray, MacDonald, etc. Do not include a space. As Wikitree users encounter these names, we request that they change the capitalization for consistency.

Prefixes, Suffixes, Titles

  1. PREFIXES IN LAST NAME: in cases like de Quincy, prefixes go with the surname in the Current Last Name EXCEPT when they are the last name at birth (LNAB). In cases like St John, "St" is a prefix which stays with the surname - that is, "St John" goes in LNAB - and St is not separated out into the prefix field.
  2. The common 'de', 'du', 'le', 'de la', 'of' before a surname does NOT go in the LNAB, it goes with the surname in "Other Last Names", while the surname -- ONE word -- goes in the LNAB. Example: Last name at birth: "Villefort", Other Last Names: "de Villefort". The exception to this is de Vere. Members of this family should have both words in the LNAB field.

# PUNCTUATION: The correct style is to NOT use a period after a prefix such as Rev or Capt and this includes the prefix "St" (Saint).

  1. There is NO leeway on the rules for prefixes and suffixes; that is, those fields cannot be used for anything else.
  2. SUFFIXES IN LAST NAME: Jr, Sr, III, for moderns, and occasional KG or KB for medieval profiles go in the suffix field. NOTHING else goes in the suffix field.
  3. TITLES: Titles DO NOT go in prefix or suffix fields. They go in the biography. However, what people were called can be a nickname (King of England, Duc d'Angoulême, Lord Mountbatten, the Fat) and can go in the NICKNAME field.
  4. ALTERNATE SPELLING OF LAST NAME: alternate spellings go in "Other Last Names"
  5. PATRONYMICS: Patronymics are middle names, (unless nothing else is available)
  6. WELSH NAMES: Welsh names are a muddle
  7. We use the native language of the person within reason. Wikipedia is very good about translations.

Numerals in a Name

If there is a numeral, such as Henry III of England, his name at birth is Henry, preferred name is Henry III, Last Name At Birth is Plantagenet, Current Last Name is of England.

Merging Profiles

When merging always select the lowest correct LNAB. To understand the importance of this please see the page on project protection and the Supervisor page on project protecting and merging.


EuroAristo Source
Our main source for medieval genealogy in the EuroAristo Project is the FMG database MEDIEVAL LANDS: A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families by Charles Cawley,© Foundation for Medieval Genealogy, 2000-2013.

Disambiguation of LNABs

The houses are sorted following the most common English spelling. LNABs are in bold.
  • Alsace, Elsass (DE),
  • Angouleme, Angoulême (FR),
  • Anscarid,
  • Aragon, Aragón (ES),
  • Austria, Österreich (DE),
  • Bavaria, Bayern (DE),
  • Bourbon, Borbón (ES),
  • Brittany, Bretagne (FR), Bretaña (ES),
  • Bryan, Brienne (FR),
  • Bruce, de Brus
  • Burgundy, Bourgogne (FR), Burgund (DE), Bourgondië (NL), Borgonha (PT), Borgoña (ES)
  • Carolingian, Carolingien (FR),
  • Castile, Castille (FR), Castilla (ES),
  • Cleves, Kleve (DE), Clèves (FR),
  • Cordova, Córdoba (ES),
  • Danemark, Danmark (DK), Denmark (EN),
  • de Vere [The exception to the prefix rule, NOT Vere. This is a family whose surname has persisted through the centuries and we should not try to change it. See],
  • Devereux, Evreux (FR), Evreus (ES),
  • Etichonid, Etichonen (DE),
  • Finland, Suomi (FI),
  • Flanders, Flandre (FR), Vlaanderen (NL),
  • Gascoine, Gascuña (ES), Gascogne (FR),
  • Gascony, Gascuña (ES), Gascogne (FR),
  • Gascoyne, Gascuña (ES), Gascogne (FR),
  • Gaunt, Gand (FR), Ghent (NL),
  • Geneva, Genève (FR),
  • Grandison, Grandson (FR),
  • Grelley, Greslet, Gresley, de Grelley, de Greslet, de Grelley,
  • Grentemesnil, Grandmesnil (FR),
  • Guelders, Gelde (FR), Gelden (DE),
  • Guelph, Welf (DE),
  • Hainaut, Henegouwen (NL),
  • Hanover, Hannover (DE),
  • Hay, de Haya, de la Hay, de la Haye,
  • Hungary, Magyarország (HU), Hungría (ES),
  • Isle Bouchard, Isle-Bouchard (FR),
  • Leon, León (ES), Léon (FR), (different regions)
  • Leuven, Louvain (FR),
  • Lombards, Longobardi (IT), VI-VIII c.
  • Lombardy, Lombardia (IT)
  • Lorraine, Lothringen (DE), Lotharingen (NL), Lotharingia (alt EN),
  • Mainwaring, Manwaring, de Mainwaring,
  • Merovingian, Mérovingien (FR),
  • Meulan, Meullant (FR),
  • Montbeliard, Montbéliard (FR),
  • Montgomery, Montgommery (FR),
  • Mowbray, Montbray (FR), Montbrai (alt FR),
  • Naples, Napoli (IT),
  • Navarre, Navarra (ES), Navarre (FR),
  • Normandy, Normandie (FR),
  • Norway, Norge, Noreg (NO),
  • Orange-Nassau, Oranje-Nassau (NL),
  • Perigord, Périgord (FR),
  • Plantagenet, Plantagenêt (FR),
  • Poland, Polska (PL), Polonia (ES),
  • Robertian, Robertien (FR),
  • Russia, Россия (RU),
  • Salian, Salier (DE),
  • Savoy, Savoie (FR), Savoia (IT),
  • Saxe, Sachsen (DE), Saxony (alt EN),
  • Sicily, Sicilia (IT),
  • St Liz, Senlis (FR),
  • Stuteville, Estouteville (FR),
  • Sweden, Sverige (SE),
  • Thuringia, Thüringen (DE),
  • Treves, Trier (DE), Trèves (FR),
  • Turin, Torino (IT),
  • Tuscany, Toscana (IT)
  • Vere (EN) (see de Vere above)

This page was last modified 01:44, 29 July 2014. This page has been accessed 4,162 times.