Edmund Rice

Edmund Rice

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Deacon Edmund Rice
Born about in Berkhamstead, Hertfordshire, Englandmap [uncertain]
Son of [father unknown] and [mother unknown]
[sibling(s) unknown]
Husband of — married in Bury St. Edmunds, Englandmap
Husband of — married in Sudbury, Middlesex, Massachusetts Bay Colonymap
Died in Marlboro, Middlesex, Massachusettsmap
Last profile change on 7 December 2014
03:49: Paul Curran removed a match of Rice-52 and Rice-44. [Thank Paul for this | 2 thank-yous received]
This page has been accessed 5,643 times.

Categories: Puritan Great Migration | Stanstead, Suffolk | Berkhamsted, Hertfordshire | Puritans, in America | Massachusetts Bay Colonists | Sudbury, Massachusetts | Marlborough, Massachusetts | Family Brickwall | Y-DNA Haplogroup I1 | Long Profiles in Need of Cleanup.

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NOTE: Due to multiple merges, this profile-- which was already long to begin with-- is now in need of some major editing. The obvious, easier cleanup has been done, but there are now two very extensive biographies that need combining. However, such editing needs to be done with caution and careful consideration. Much effort went into the first biography and set of links, and we need to treat that with respect while at the same time benefiting from the excellent biography that had been done on a duplicate that was merged in (now the bottom half of this profile). This protected profile is under the care of the Puritan Great Migration project and any edits should be discussed first. Please use the G2G discussion topic linked to from this profile. Thank you.

God hath been pleased to increase our children,
which are now, divers of them, ...[1]

Contents

Edmund Rice

Edmund Rice was born in 1594, and came to this country from Barkhamstead, Hertfordshire, England. He was twice married. His first wife, Tamazine, died at Sudbury, where she was buried June 18, 1654. His second wife, whom he married March 1, 1655, was Mercie (HURD) BRIGHAM, widow of Thomas Brigham of Cambridge. He had twelve children, nine of whom were born in England, and the others in Sudbury: Henry (born 1616), Edward (born 1618), Edmund, Thomas, Mary, Lydia (born 1627), Matthew (born 1629), Daniel (born 1632), Samuel (born 1634), Joseph (born 1637), Benjamin (born 1640), Ruth (born 1659), and Ann (born 1661). Mr. Rice died May 3, 1663, at Marlboro, aged about sixty-nine, and was buried in Sudbury. His widow married William HUNT of Marlboro. Mr. Rice was a prominent man in the settlement. He early owned lands in and out of the town, some of which came by grant of the General Court. His first dwelling-place at Sudbury was on the old north street. September 1, 1642, he sold this place to John MOORE, and September 13 of the same year leased, for six years, the Dunster Farm, which lay just east of Cochituate Pond. He bought of the widow Mary AXDELL six acres of land and her dwelling house, which were in the south part of the town, and some years afterwards he bought of Philemon WHALE his house and nine acres of land near "the spring" and adjacent to the Axdell place; and these taken together, in part at least, formed the old Rice homestead, not far from the "Five Paths" (Wayland). This old homestead remained in the Rice family for generations. Mr. Rice was one of the substantial men of the Sudbury plantation. He was a freeman May 13, 1640, and was one of the committee appointed by the Colonial Court, September 4, 1639, to apportion land to the inhabitants. He served as selectman from 1639 to 1644, and was deputy to the General Court several successive years. In 1648, Edmund Rice was ordained as a Deacon in the Puritan Church at Sudbury. He was prominent in the settlement of Marlboro, for which he was a petitioner in 1656.[2][3][1]

Origins

In 1933, Mary Lovering Holman found the baptisms of his first three children starting in 1619 at Stansted, Suffolk. She also researched parishes near Stanstead and Sudbury, Suffolk Co., England without success [4]

In 1936, Donald Lines Jacobus traced many of the false claims made in 1911 by Charles Elmer Rice's "By the Name of Rice"[5]

In 1997, ERA commissioned Dr. Joanna Martin who likewise was over two years unable to discover Rice's parents or ancestral line.[6]

The three parishes of Sudbury, England have incomplete records for 1594, ER's most likely birth year.

In 1999, Gary Boyd Roberts, Senior Researcher, New England Historic Genealogy Society, reviewed all of the genealogical sleuthing on Edmund's parentage. He concluded that there was no evidence whatsoever that supports accounts of Edmund Rice's parents and no evidence that Edmund Rice was from a royal lineage.[7]

For example, some IGI/AF data claims Henry Rice and Elizabeth Frost as parents, but this has been disproven: Henry and Elizabeth were married November 1605 in Stanstead; Edmund's first child was born 23 August 1619.

Edmund Rice arrived in the Massachusetts Bay Colony about 1638, although no passenger list survives that names him.

Early Settler & Leader in Sudbury

The first record of his presence is in the Township Book of the Town of Sudbury in the year 1639.[6]

As yeomen farmers Edmund Rice and the other early settlers at Sudbury were well prepared for the tasks of forming and governing a new community. As yeomen they had assumed both personal and community responsibilities back in England. As Protestant churchmen they had been encouraged to read and write so that they could study and understand their Bible. Although not of the noble class, they had shared many community and church responsibilities in their former communities in England.[6]

Edmund Rice was one of the prominent leaders of his community at both Sudbury and Marlborough. In his Pulitzer Prize winning book, Puritan Village, The formation of a New England Town, Sumner Chilton Powell sums up the high regard that his fellow citizens had for Edmund: "Not only did Rice become the largest individual landholder in Sudbury, but he represented his new town in the Massachusetts legislature for five years and devoted at least eleven of his last fifteen years to serving as selectman and judge of small causes." He adds, "Two generations of Sudbury men selected Edmund Rice repeatedly as one of their leaders, with the full realization that they were ignoring men of far more English government experience who had come with him." [8][9]

He was appointed to apportion land in 1639, and became a Deputy to the General Court, a magistrate in 1641, and a selectman in 1644, and some years following.[10]

”Far-reaching interest attaches to a pen-and-ink drawing by Pauline Atlee Long, reproduced above, which has for subject the Deacon Edmund Rice homestead, built in Wayland, Mass., in 1650. Deacon Rice was a Pilgrim, born in Buckinghamshire, Eng. in 1594. He settled in Sudbury, Mass., in 1638, according to a tablet that has been erected near the site of the house pictured above.”[11]

In the "History of Sudbury," by A.S. Hudson, are the following passages:

"Mr. Rice was a prominent man in the settlement. He early owned lands in and out of the town, some of which came by grand of the General Court. His first dwelling-place at Sudbury was on the old North Street. September 1, 1642, he sold this place to John More, and Sept. 13 of the same year leased for six years the Dunster Farm, which lay just east of Cochituate Pond. He bought of the widow Axdell six acres of land and her dwelling-house, which were in the south part of the town, and some years afterward he bought of Philemon Whale his house and nine acres of land near 'the spring' and adjacent to the Axdell place; and these taken together, in part at least formed the old Rice homestead not far from the 'Five Paths' (in Wayland).
"This old homestead remained in the Rice family for generations. Edmund sold it to his son, Edmund, who passed it to his sons, John and Edmund, and afterward John transferred his share of it to his brother Edmund -- by whom it passed to other members of the family, who occupied it till within the last half century.
"Before the plantation of Sudbury was commenced there passed through the southeasterly corner of its territory a memorable trail. This was part of the 'Old Connecticut Path.' This highway extended from the seaboard settlements far into the interior. From Watertown it passed through what is now Waltham and Weston to that section of Sudbury now Wayland; from thence south-westerly to the north side of Cochituate Pond, and on through the wilderness toward Connecticut. It is, we believe, the road now traveled from Weston Corner by 'Five Paths' Wayland to Framingham mention is made of this way in the town recording as early as 1643 and again in 1648.
"Where it passed through the town it was called 'the road from Watertown to Dunster Farm,' a tract of 600 acres granted 1640 to President Dunster of Harvard College, bounded on the west by Cochituate Pond and early leased by Edmund Rice of Sudbury. This trail was first made known to the English by some Nipnet Indians who came to Boston bringing corn at ta time when there was a scarcity of it in the colony.
"Over this path the settlers went who founded Weathersfield, Conn. This path is now supplied every few miles by markers -- stating it to be the Old Connecticut Path."[2][12]

Founding member & leader in Marlborough

In 1656, Edmund Rice was one of thirteen petitioners belonging to Sudbury, who besought the General Court for a new plantation, saying,

"Whereas your petitioners have lived divers years in Sudbury, and God hath been pleased to increase our children, which are now, divers of them, grown to man's estate, and wee, many of us grown into years, so as that wee should bee glad to see them settled before the Lord take us away from hence; as also God having given us some considerable quantity of cattle, so that wee are so straightened, that wee cannot so comfortably subsist as could be desired; and some of us having taken some pains to view the country, wee have found a place, which lieth Westward about eight miles from Sudbury, which wee conceive might bee comfortable for our subsistence," &c.

Sudbury at that time contained less than seventy-five families, and in territory included what is now Wayland. One would naturally think they were "straightened" for the want of neighbors, rather than for want of room for themselves, or meadows wherefrom to procure subsistence for their cattle; and so they found it, even twenty years later, when the town, with an increased population, was broken up and nearly destroyed by the Indians. Their petition was granted, and the plantation laid to them was incorporated by the name of Marlborough in 1660; whereto he removed and had a house lot of fifty acres granted to him by the proprietors of that town, with the rights appertaining thereto in after divisions.[1]

His house lot in Marlboro', on which he built and resided, was in the westerly part of the town, on the old county road leading from Marlboro' to Northboro', and in the bend as it passes round the northerly side of the pond, a short distance northerly of the ancient "Williams tavern." [1]

The following might describe his home in Marlborough:

"In a leas still preserved are these specifications for a house to be built by Edmund Rice prior to 1655. The house was to be 30 foot long, 10 foot high, 1 foot sill from the ground, 16 feet wide with two rooms, both below or one above the other , all the doors, walls, and stairs with convenient fixtures and well planked underfoot and boarded sufficiently to lay corn in the story above-head."[11]

He was elected a Selectman at Marlborough in 1657.[6]

He was honored with several appointments by the General Court and denominated therein as "Goodman Rice". He was appointed to solemnize marriages in Marlborough.

Later generations of Rices were founding members of many new communities, first in New England and Nova Scotia, and later across the United States and Canada.[6]

Family

Edmund Rice married first Tamazine Frost on October 15, 1618,[13] by whom he had ten children:[6]

  1. Mary Rice, born August 23, 1619.
  2. Henry R. Rice, born February 13, 1619–20, died February 10, 1709–-10, married Elizabeth Moore February 1, 1641–42.
  3. Edward Rice, born October 20, 1622, died August 15, 1712, married (1) Anna, (2) Agnes Bent 1646.
  4. Thomas Rice, born January 26, 1625–6, died November 16, 1681, married Mary King 1652.
  5. Lydia Rice, born March 9, 1626–27, died April 5, 1675, married Hugh Drury 1645.
  6. Matthew Rice, born February 28, 1627–28, died 1717, married Martha Lamson November 2, 1654.
  7. Daniel Rice, stillborn.
  8. Samuel Rice, born November 12, 1634, died February 25, 1683–84, married (1) Elizabeth King, (2) Mary Dix September 1668, (3) Sarah White December 13, 1676.
  9. Joseph Rice, born March 13, 1636–37, died December 23, 1711, married (1) Sarah Prescott, (2) Mary Beers, (3) Mercy King.
  10. Benjamin Rice, born May 31, 1640, died December 19, 1713, married (1) Mary Chamberlain, (2) Mary Browne.
NOTE: Despite the presence of such in many locations (including here on WikiTree), the 1983 Edmund Rice (1638) Association publication "Supplement 2 part 1" says there is no proof that a son Edmund ever existed. An April 1714 Middlesex County probate[citation needed] gave the illusion of such a child, but subsequent research revealed this 1714 probate action was for son EDWARD. Somehow this probate involved the estate of the old man Edmund Rice Senior because essentially every one of his offspring had a descendant represented in that probate (see the Ward c1857 Rice book, the very same book that created the false illusion of a son Edmund).

After the death of Thomasine Frost Rice on 13 June 1654 in Sudbury, MA, Edmund Rice married second Mercy Hurd, widow of Thomas Brigham on 1 Mar 1655/6 in Sudbury, Middlesex, Massachusetts.[13][14][15][16] Children of Edmund and Mercy:[6]

  1. Lydia Rice
  2. Ruth Rice

After Edmund died, Mercy married (third) William Hunt. [14][16]

Death & Legacy

Edmund Rice died May 3, 1663 Marlborough, Massachusetts and was buried in the Old Burying Ground in what is now Wayland, Massachusetts.[13]

Edmund Rice left no will. The inventory of his estate was taken both at Sudbury and Marlborough on 16 May 1663. His widow, Mercy (Hurd) (Brigham) Rice, survived him and as admnistratix, settled his estate.[citation needed]

Of his twelve children, ten survived to have children of their own. According to the records, in 1858 this family numbered 1400 families and 7000 individuals.[6]

The Edmund Rice (1638) Association has conducted extensive ancestral haplotype DNA testing on males believed to have descended from Rice, identifying descendants from five of his sons. The testing also revealed an unrecorded adoption or illegitimacy that occurred.[6]

Edmund Rice, an early immigrant to Massachusetts Bay Colony and a founder of Sudbury and Marlborough, belonged to haplogroup I1.[17]

Rice Descendants of Note

  • Charles Elmer Rice, president of the Union Theological Seminary of Alliance, Ohio
  • Several internet-based genealogical sources claim royal ancestry of Edmund and his descendants. These claims of royal ancestry with connection to Wales and Buckinghamshire are most certainly in error. All these claims of royal ancestry have been traced to a 1911 book By the Name of Rice written and self-published by Charles Elmer Rice,[18] subsequently disproven by Jacobus (1936).
  • President Calvin Coolidge (1872–1933), thirtieth President of the United States, is descended from Martha, granddaughter of Deacon Edmund Rice.
  • Mary Baker Eddy, Discoverer and Founder of Christian Science, has been traced back to Deacon Rice's second son, Edward.
  • Clara Barton
  • Harriet Hosmer
  • Mary A. Rice Livermore
  • Julia Ward Howe
  • Harriet Beecher Stowe
  • Samuel F.B. Morse
  • Lucille Ball.
  • According to a newspaper article{{clipping pasted in Procter Genealogy book that I have, maybe from The Gloucester [Daily] Times newspaper (not sure),(that was Founded and Owned by my family)}}while still in office as President, Calvin Coolidge, along with his wife and accompanying entourage, visited [the Old Arlington Street Cemetery where Rice is buried], and while there, He remarked that there was ONE man buried there that was the common ancestor of 3 Presidents; John Adams, John Quincy Adams, and Himself, Calvin Coolidge. He said to the onlookers that That man was EDMUND RICE !


Images & Documents

Images

Edmund Rice Signature [19]
Homestead, 2nd Home, Farm Sketch [19]
Homestead Marker, Memorial, Plaque [19]
The Ancient Abbey, Saint Mary's Church [19]
St James, Stanstead, St. Peter's Church in Berkhamsted [19]
Map of the First Roads & Houses of Sudbury[19]

Attached Documents

  • Harriet Augusta Robinson, "Brewer Genealogy", Robinson, 1903 - History - 49 pages (Google eBook) - Page 9. [20]
  • William Richard Cutter, "Genealogical and personal memoirs", - pg 598, pg 599. [20]
  • William Barry, "A History of Framingham, Massachusetts: Including the Plantation, from 1640 to the Present Time, with an Appendix, Containing a Notice of Sudbury and Its First Proprietors; Also, a Register of the Inhabitants of Framingham Before 1800, with Genealogical Sketches", J. Munroe and Company, 1847 - 456 pages (Google eBook), - page 3, page 4, page 5, page 8, page 154, page 155, page 371, page 372, page 373. [20]
  • Andrew Henshaw Ward, "Ward family; descendants of William Ward: who settled in Sudbury, Mass., in 1639", S. G. Drake, 1851 - Reference - 265 pages (Google eBook) - page 17. [20]
  • Colonial Records of Marlborough, MA. Page 3. [20]
See all attached documents.

Citing this Record

WikiTree contributors, "Deacon Edmund Rice (c. 1594 - 1663)," WikiTree, http://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Rice-52 (accessed December 19, 2014).

Sources

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Andrew Henshaw Ward, A Genealogical History of the Rice Family: Descendants of Deacon Edmund Rice, who Came from Berkhamstead, England and Settled at Sudbury, Massachusetts, in 1638 or 9, (1858), p. 1: as quoted in a petition by Rice and 12 other Sudbury residents seeking a new "plantation" which would become Marlborough, MA. Cited by Michael Lechner
  2. 2.0 2.1 Alfred Sereno Hudson, The History of Sudbury, Massachusetts 1638-1889, (No location):R. H. Blodgett (1889), p. 41. mrl
  3. Charles Hudson, History of the Town of Marlborough, Boston, MA: TR Marvin & Son (1862), p 431.#Errico
  4. Mary Lovering Holman, "English Notes on Edmund Rice," The American Genealogist, 10 (Jan 1933): 133-137
  5. Donald Lines Jacobus, "Pre-American Ancestries: IX. Edmund Rice," The American Genealogist, 11(1936): 14-21) (reprinted Fall 1963 and Winter 1993 in ERA newsletters)
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.6 6.7 6.8 Edmund Rice (1638) Association, mrl
  7. Gary Boyd Roberts, Senior Researcher, NEHGS, "In his address to the 1999 annual meeting of the Edmund Rice (1638) Association." mrl
  8. Sumner Chilton, Powell, Puritan Village, The formation of a New England Town, Hanover, NH: Wesleyan University Press (2011), p 21.
  9. John Buczek, History of Marlborough: An In Depth Look Source Program Book - Marlborough Tercentenary Celebration," Marlborough Tercentennial Commission; Retrieved 27 June 2009. mrl
  10. Clayton Silas Rice, ‘’We sought the wilderness,’’ (1949) p. 23.
  11. 11.0 11.1 Mary Evaline Burroughs, “Burroughs Genealogical Notes” from ‘’Memoirs of a War Bride,’’ Danton Burroughs Family Archive; in some cases citing Lillian Kimball Stewart, The Hudson Thompson Memorial (1941).
  12. Entered by Molly Rice. #Rice
  13. 13.0 13.1 13.2 Edmund Rice (1638) Association. #Broadfoot
  14. 14.0 14.1 Mrs. Brinkerhoff, "Rice Genealogy" p. 5, in The American Genealogist, 30:101. W. Vasile
  15. Willard Irving Tyler Brigham, History of the Brigham Family, NY, NY: Grafton Press (1907-1927), p. 69. mrl
  16. 16.0 16.1 James Savage, A Genealogical Dictionary of the First Settlers, Boston, MA: Little, Brown & Co. (1862), Volume 1, p 252. mrl
  17. "Rice Family DNA Project," Edmund Rice (1638) Association. Retrieved 31 August 2009.
  18. #S26 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edmund_Rice_%281638%29 mrl
  19. 19.0 19.1 19.2 19.3 19.4 19.5 Entered by mrl.
  20. 20.0 20.1 20.2 20.3 20.4 20.5 Entered by Michael & Ted Lechner. mrl


See also:

  • Mary F. Vance-Shaw Hosmer Heritage, Medium: Book
  • Harriet Augusta Robinson, "Brewer Genealogy", self-published (1903) Page 9. [20]
  • William Richard Cutter, "Genealogical and personal memoirs", New York, NY: Lewis Historical Publishing Co (1910) - pg 598, pg 599. [20]
  • William Barry, "A History of Framingham, Massachusetts: Including the Plantation, from 1640 to the Present Time, with an Appendix, Containing a Notice of Sudbury and Its First Proprietors; Also, a Register of the Inhabitants of Framingham Before 1800, with Genealogical Sketches", Boston, MA: J. Munroe and Company, 1847 - 456 pages (Google eBook), - page 3, page 4, page 5, page 8, page 154, page 155, page 371, page 372, page 373. [20]
  • Andrew Henshaw Ward, "A Genealogical History of the Rice Family: Descendants of Deacon Edmund Rice, who Came from Berkhamstead, England, and Settled at Sudbury, Massachusetts, in 1638 Or 9", Boston, MA: C.B. Richardson (1858) - 379 pages, Questionable quality (significant errors have subsequently been revealed; use with caution) (Google eBook)
  • Andrew Henshaw Ward, ‘’Ward family; descendants of William Ward: who settled in Sudbury, Mass., in 1639’’, Boston: S. G. Drake (1851) - (Google eBook) - page 17. [20]
  • Edgar John Bullard, Bullard and Allied Families, Detroit, Mich.: E.J. Bullard (1930), p 113. Digital version available to subscribers of Ancestry.com.
  • Ernest Flagg, Genealogical Notes on the Founding of New England, Hartford, CT: Clearfield Co. (1926); Baltimore, MD: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc. (1990, 1996). Digital version available to subscribers of Ancestry.com.
  • “Massachusetts Vital Records to 1850,” Database, www.newenglandancestors.org, New England Historical and Genealogical Society.
  • Lucius Robinson Paige, History of Cambridge, MA 1630-1877, Cambridge, MA: H.O. Houghton (1877).
  • Ebenezer Parker, The Story of the Rice Boys: Captured by the Indians, Westborough Historical Society, 1906
  • Elsie Hawes Smith, Edmund Rice and His Family Boston, MA: Meador press (1938)
  • “Sudbury Records - Vitals taken from Middlesex records,” in ‘’NEHG Register,’’ Boston, MA: NEHGS 17(Jan 1863):170-172; 254-260; 311-315; 18(1864):45-48;… more?...
  • Mary Lovering Holman, “English Notes on Edmund Rice,” in The American Genealogist, New Haven, CT: D.L. Jacobus; 10 (1933/34): 133-137.
  • Harold F. Porter, Jr., “The Paternal Ancestry of Thomasine Frost, wife of Deacon Edmund(1) Rice of Sudbury, MA," in The American Genealogist, Demorest, GA: 63(Jul 1988):129.
  • Systematic History Fund, ‘’Vital Records of Marlborough, Massachusetts to the end of the year 1849,’’ Worcester, MA: Franklin P. Rice (1908).
  • Wikipedia Contributors, “Edmund Rice (1638),” ‘’Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia,’’ 15 Aug 2013 (last revision); retrieved 7 Sept 2013.
  • Justin Winsor, Narrative and Critical History of America], Volume 1, Volume 2, Volume 3, Volume 4. More volumes are available through Google Books.
  • Dee Christophel D'Errico, "Descendants of John Howe," citing: Charles Hudson, "History of the Town of Marborough," [Publisher, Date], p 431.

Acknowledgements

A number of people contributed generously to the content of this profile, including:

See also the Changes page for the details of edits by others:


Some Well-Known Descendants[21]

  • Edward Everett Rice (1847–1924), composer and musical theater producer
  • Charles Allen Thorndike Rice (1851–1889), publisher, editor, and journalist
  • Wallace deGroot Cecil Rice (1859–1939), author, poet, and designer of the Chicago flag
  • Laura Ingalls Wilder (1867–1957), author of "Little House on the Prairie"
  • Edgar Rice Burroughs (1875–1950), prolific author, and creator of the Tarzan character
  • Lucille Desiree Ball (1911-1989), actress, comedienne, television personality, studio executive, and Co-Founder of Desilu Productions
  • Allen Stuart Drury (1918–1998), journalist, and winner of the 1960 Pulitzer Prize for Fiction, for his novel "Advise and Consent"
  • Alexandrea Kawisenhawe Rice (b. 1972), contemporary Canadian actress from the Kahnawake Mohawk nation
  • William Allen Procter (1860-1944), Printer, Publisher, Editor, Books and Newspapers, incl-

"The Gloucester [Daily] Times", "The Cape Anne Journal"

  • Christopher Allen Procter (b.1956), Architect (RIBA), Prof. of Architecture, www.procter-rihl.com

More about Edmund Rice

Edmund Rice is well documented. The Edmund Rice (1638) Association is one of the oldest family associations in the United States. Please consult their publications before merging or making profile changes. "Until someone can cite such a record, the Association must state emphatically that Edmund Rice's parents and ancestry are not known and that Edmund Rice's descendants cannot claim royal ancestry. There is no proof that he was the same person as Edmund Rice, of Suffolk.

Edmund Rice was born in England about 1594, probably in Stanstead, Suffolk, England. His parentage is unknown. He married Thomasine Frost at St Mary's in Bury, Suffolk, on 15 October 1618. Thomasine (also known as Tamazine), daughter of Edward Frost and Thomasine Belgrave, was born in Stanstead on 11 August 1600. They had eight children in England before emigrating to the American colonies, probably in 1638, where two more children were born. Thomasine died in Sudbury Massachusetts on 13 June 1654 and Edmund married Mercy Hurd (also known as Mercie, Mary, and Merrie) widow of Thomas Brigham of Cambridge, Massachusetts in Sudbury on 1 March 1655/6. Mercy had two daughters and three sons by her first marriage. Edmund was buried in Sudbury on 3 May 1663, "age about 69".


Biographical Sketch

[While duplicative of the above, the following is well written and we should examine how best to integrate or otherwise use this in the final profile.]

Edmund Rice was born in England about 1594, probably in Stanstead, Suffolk. He is believed to have been the younger brother of Henry Rice, who married Elizabeth Frost, sister of Edmund's wife, Thomasine Frost. The marriage of Edmund Rice and Thomasine Frost was recorded on the register of St Mary's in Bury, Suffolk, 15 October 1618. Thomasine was born in Stanstead 11 August 1600, the daughter of Edward Frost, and Thomasine Belgrave. Her father was a wealthy "clothier", a cloth manufacturer.

Knowing the names of Edmund Rice's children, family historians have traced his family back to England using church baptismal records for his children and, eventually, to his marriage to Thomasine Frost. However, no record of his baptism nor any other record that names his parents has been found.

The Rice family lived first in Stanstead, Suffolk, England; later in Great Barkhamstead, Hertfordshire. They emigrated to New England about 1638, and were settled in Sudbury by 1639. The first record of his presence in the New World is in Township Book of the Town of Sudbury in the year 1639. Regrettably, no ship's passenger list has survived and we have no record of Edmund Rice and his family before 1639 so we can not be certain exactly when or where he and his family arrived in the New World.

Edmund Rice and the other early settlers at Sudbury were well prepared for the tasks of forming and governing a new community. As yeomen they had assumed both personal and community responsibilities back in England. As Protestant churchmen they had been encouraged to read and write so that they could study and understand their Bible. Although not of the noble class, they had shared many community and church responsibilities in their former communities in England.

He was one of the substantial men of the plantation, owning lands in and out of the town, some by grant of the court. He shared in all the divisions of uplands and commons and the total number of acres which he received as an original inhabitant was 247 acres. His first dwelling in Sudbury was on the old North Street. This he sold in 1642 to John Moore, and bought of Widow Mary Axtell six acres of land with her dwelling house, in the south part of the town. Some years afterwards he bought of Philemon Whale his house and nine acres adjacent to the Axtell place. All this together formed the old Rice homestead in Sudbury, which remained in the family for many years. In 1654 Edmund deeded it to his son Edward, who conveyed it to sons John and Edmund. In 1647 he took a ten-year lease on the Glover farm, mostly in what is now Framingham, and in 1657 he bought 200 acres more. In 1659, he bought the Dunster farm.

Edmund Rice was one of the prominent leaders of his community at both Sudbury and Marlborough. He was made a selectman of Sudbury in 1639, took the freeman's oath 13 May 1640, and subsequently, was made Deacon of the church in 1640, and represented Sudbury at the General Court at Boston in 1654. In his Pulitzer Prize winning book, Puritan Village, The formation of a New England Town, Sumner Chilton Powell sums up the high regard that his fellow citizens had for Edmund: "Not only did Rice become the largest individual landholder in Sudbury, but he represented his new town in the Massachusetts legislature for five years and devoted at least eleven of his last fifteen years to serving as selectman and judge of small causes," and "Two generations of Sudbury men selected Edmund Rice repeatedly as one of their leaders, with the full realization that they were ignoring men of far more English government experience who had come with him."

Thomasine died in Sudbury, Massachusetts, on 13 June 1654 and Edmund remarried nine months later, on 1 March 1655/6, to Mercy Hurd, widow of Thomas Brigham of Cambridge, Massachusetts. Mercy had two daughters and three sons by her first marriage.

Although much respected by his fellow townsmen, Edmund seems to have had an independent side to his nature. In 1656 Edmund Rice and others petitioned the Massachusetts General Court for a new town which became the City of Marlborough. Edmund moved his immediate family and was elected a Selectman at Marlborough in 1657. Later generations of Rices were founding members of many new communities, first in New England and Nova Scotia, and later across the United States and Canada.

Deacon Edmund Rice died on 3 May 1663 at Sudbury, Massachusetts, "age about 69". He was buried at Old Burying Ground, Wayland, Massachusetts. One possible site of the grave is marked by a monument designed by Arthur Wallace Rice of Boston, Massachusetts, dedicated by the Edmund Rice Association on 29 August 1914. A boulder with a bronze tablet was also erected by the Association and it marks Edmund's homestead on the Old Connecticut Path in Wayland.

Genealogical Research on Parentage and Ancestry

Twice in the twentieth century nationally-recognized research genealogists have attempted to determine the parents and ancestors of Edmund Rice. Mary Lovering Holman described the negative result of her search for records in the parishes near Stanstead and Sudbury, Suffolk County, England in “English Notes on Edmund Rice”, The American Genealogist, Volume 10 (1933/34), pp. 133 - 137. In 1997 the Edmund Rice (1638) Association commissioned Dr. Joanna Martin, a nationally-recognized research genealogist who lives in Hitcham, Suffolk, England, only a few miles from Stanstead and Sudbury, to search again for records of Edmund Rice's parents. Dr. Martin reported in 1999 that she found no record that identified Edmund's parents or ancestral line.

Several authors of published works and computer datasets have claimed names for Edmund Rice's parents. Regrettably they have not given sources that would assist in definitive genealogical research. For example, the Ancestral File and International Genealogical Index, two popular computer datasets widely distributed by the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, offer parent candidates that include: Henry Rice and Margaret Baker, Henry Rice and Elizabeth Frost, Thomas Rice and Catherine Howard, and Thomas Rice and Elizabeth Frost.

From Mrs. Holman's paper we have an excellent record of one Henry Rice's marriage to Elizabeth Frost in November 1605 at Stanstead. Mrs. Holman also documents the baptism of Edmund's first child on 23 August 1619 at Stanstead. If this is the Henry Rice and Elizabeth Frost to which the LDS records refer, the LDS records must be erroneous. Our researchers have not been able to find records that support any Henry Rice and Elizabeth Frost, Henry Rice and Margaret Baker, Thomas Rice and Catherine Howard, or Thomas Rice and Elizabeth Frost as parents of Edmund Rice.

A scholarly investigation by Donald Lines Jacobus, considered by many as the dean of modern American genealogy, appeared in The American Genealogist, volume 11, (1936), pp. 14-21 and was reprinted in the fall of 1968 and the winter of 1998 issues of Newsletter of the Edmund Rice (1638) Association. Jacobus traced many of the false accounts to the book by Dr. Charles Elmer Rice entitled "By the Name of Rice”, privately published by Dr. Rice at Alliance, Ohio in 1911.

Sudbury, England includes three parishes, two of which do not have complete records for the years near 1594, which is Edmund's most likely birth year. Edmund Rice deposed in a court document on 3 April 1656 that he was about 62 years old. Thus, if he were born in Sudbury his records have been lost and we may never know his origin.

In his address to the 1999 annual meeting of the Edmund Rice (1638) Association, Gary Boyd Roberts, Senior Researcher, New England Historic Genealogy Society, reviewed all of the genealogical sleuthing on Edmund's parentage. Mr. Roberts is well known for his research on royal lineage. He concluded that there was no evidence whatsoever that supports the published accounts of Edmund Rice's parents and no evidence that Edmund Rice was from a royal lineage.

DNA Testing

The Edmund Rice Association has conducted extensive ancestral haplotype DNA testing on males believed to have descended from Rice, identifying descendants from five of his sons. Edmund Rice's Y haplogroup is soundly Norse; I1a. DYS 455 = 8 almost exclusive to I1a. DYS 394(19)/ 390/ 385a, b = 14/23/14,14, and DYS 462 = 13; DYS 511 = 10. DYS464a,b,c,d for Ultra-Norse was 12,14,15,16. Most likely his direct paternal line ancestors were Norman, though conceivably they were Norse vikings, and it is not impossible that his paternal line ancestor crossed the channel as a French or Dutch trader.

DNA testing proves there is a very distant familial link between Edward and John Rice, however this relationship was not a parental one; John was not Edmund's son. Legacy

Edmund Rice left no will. The inventory of his estate was taken both at Sudbury and Marlborough on 16 May 1663. His widow, Mercy Hurd Brigham Rice, survived him and settled his estate. She later married William Hunt.

Like many early New England families, Edmund Rice's family was a very large one. Of his twelve children, ten survived to have children of their own. Edmund Rice's descendants through his great-great grandchildren number nearly 1,450. This pattern of large families continued well into the 19th century. The result is that many living people can trace their ancestry to Edmund Rice. Edmund Rice was the progenitor of many eminent descendants. Among them were:

  • U.S. President John Quincy Adams
  • U.S. President Calvin Coolidge
  • U.S. President Ulysses S Grant
  • Julia Ward Howe, writer and poet, author of Battle Hymn of the Republic
  • Francis E Willard, philanthropist, reformer, educator, and President of the Women's Christian Temperance Union
  • Clara Baron, Civil War nurse, American Red Cross founder
  • Mary A. Rice Livermore, Civil War nurse
  • Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, poet
  • Samuel F.B. Morse, inventor of the electric telegraph
  • Ransom Eli Olds of Oldsmobile fame
  • Brigadier General Edmund Rice
  • Congressman Edmund Rice
  • Senator Henry Mower Rice
  • Steve Young, NFL football player
  • Stillman Pond, Mormon Pioneer

Sources/Further Reading

  1. American Genealogist. "The Strutt Ancestry of Thomasine Frost Wife of Edmund Rice of Sudbury, Mass"; Harold F. Porter, Jr; January/April 1986; Vol. 61; pages 161-166
  2. American Genealogist. "The Paternal Ancestry of Thomasine Frost, Wife of Deacon Edmund Rice of Sudbury, Mass.; Harold F. Porter, Jr.; July, 1988; Vol. 63, No. 3; pages 129-137
  3. Brigham, Willard Irving Tyler, and Emma Elisabeth Brigham. The History of the Brigham Family: A record of several thousand descendants of Thomas Brigham, the emigrant, 1603-1653. (New York : Grafton Press ; Rutland, Vt. : Tuttle, c1907-c1927), p. 69, 1907-1927.
  4. Buczek, John, History of Marlborough: "HISTORY: An In Depth Look Source Program Book - Marlborough Tercentenary Celebration"
  5. Bullard, Edgar J. (Edgar John), and Gail Wheeler Pritchard. Bullard and Allied Families: the American Ancestors of George Newton Bullard and Mary Elizabeth Bullard. (Detroit, Michigan: E. J. Bullard, 1930), p 113.
  6. Cutter, William Richard, and William Frederick Adams. Genealogical and Personal Memoirs Relating to the Families of the State of Massachusetts;. New York: Lewis Historical Pub., 1910. Google Books. Web. 13 Mar. 2013. <https://play.google.com/store/books/details?id=kmujIJi3_FkC&rdid=book-kmujIJi3_FkC&rdot=1>
  7. Flagg, Ernest. Genealogical Notes on the Founding of New England: My Ancestors' Part in that Undertaking. (Hartford, Conn.: Case, Lockwood & Brainard, 1926)
  8. Holman, Mary Lovering, "English Notes on Edmund Rice", The American Genealogist, volume 10 (1933/34), p. 133-137
  9. Hudson, Charles. History of the town of Marlborough, Middlesex County, Massachusetts: from its first settlement in 1657 to 1861; with a brief sketch of the town of Northborough, a genealogy of the families in Marlborough to 1800, and an account of the celebration of the two hundredth anniversary of the incorporation of the town. (Boston, Massachusetts, United States: T R Marvin & Sons, 1862)
  10. Jacobus, Donald Lines, "Pre-American Ancestries: Edmund Rice of Sudbury, Mass.", The American Genealogist, Vol II (1936), pp 14-21
  11. King, Ella D., An Interim Tracing of the Ancestry of Valarie Daly King, 1956; p. 24
  12. Marlborough, Middlesex, Massachusetts, United States. Vital Records of Marlborough, Massachusetts, to the End of the Year 1849. (Worcester, Massachusetts: Franklin P. Rice, 1908), p. 34
  13. Paige, Lucius R., Freemen of Massachusetts
  14. Paige, Lucius Robinson. History of Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1630-1877: With a Genealogical Register. (Boston, Massachusetts: H.O. Houghton, 1877), 1877.
  15. Parker, Ebenezer, "The Story of the Rice Boys: Captured by the Indians". Westborough Historical Society, 1906
  16. Savage, James. A Genealogical Dictionary of the First Settlers of New England: Showing Three Generations of Those Who Came Before May, 1692, on the Basis of Farmer's Register. (Boston: Little, Brown, and Co, 1860-1862), 3:532.
  17. Shurtleff, Nathaniel B., Records of the Colony of Massachusetts Bay, vol. 3, pp. 259, 297, 340
  18. Smith, Elsie Hawes. Edmund Rice and his family. (Boston: The Meador Press,: unknown, 1938)
  19. Sudbury Records - Vitals taken from Middlesex records, NEHGS, Register, volumes 17-18
  20. Temple, Josiah H., Gen Reg of Framingham Families, pp. 680-681
  21. Ward, Andrew Henshaw. A Genealogical History of the Rice Family: Descendants of Deacon Edmund Rice, who came from Barkhamstead, England and settled at Sudbury, Massachusetts, in 1638 or 9. (Boston: C. Benjamin Richardson, 1858). Massachusetts, United States. Massachusetts Vital Records to 1850.

Online Resources

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Unknown Ship
Unknown Ship

Arrived in the Massachusetts Bay Colony map 1638 Comments: 0. WikiTree Popularity: 3.


 


Signature of Edmund Rice
Signature of Edmund Rice

on a land survey record of his estate map 1659 Comments: 3. WikiTree Popularity: 2.


 


Edmund Rice Homestead
Edmund Rice Homestead

near the Old Connecticut Path in Sudbury map 1643 Comments: 1. WikiTree Popularity: 2.


 


Marker of Edmund Rice Homestead
Marker of Edmund Rice Homestead

Wayland, Massachusetts map 1642 Comments: 1. WikiTree Popularity: 2.


 


Edmund Rice Memorial
Edmund Rice Memorial

Old North Cemetery, Wayland, Massachusetts map 1914 Comments: 1. WikiTree Popularity: 1.


 


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Collaboration

On October 1, 2014 at 12:12GMT Jillaine Smith wrote:

Wesley, thanks for your notes and the links. As you can see on Mercy's page, there is concern that Hurd was a misread of Hurt, surname of her first husband. Until confirmation of her maiden name can be located in original records, we stay with Unknown. Thanks again.

On September 30, 2014 at 17:23GMT Wesley Doughman wrote:

This is still from Angel Fire

Children of Deacon Edmund Rice and Mercy Hurd: Lydia, b. ----; m. Hugh Drury. Ruth, b. September 29, 1659; m. Samuel Wells. Ann, b. November 19, 1661; m. November 12, 1685, Nathaniel Gary (or Gery) of Roxbury who was born July 4, 1663, son of Nathaniel Gery and Ann Douglas, who were married at Roxbury October 14, 1658. Arthur Geary was one of the first settlers at Roxbury.

On September 30, 2014 at 17:20GMT Wesley Doughman wrote:

Edmund Rice's second wife was Mercy Hurd (?), who he married on 1 March 1655 at Sudbury, Massachusetts. Deacon Edmund Rice died 3 May 1663, and was buried at Old Burying Ground in Wayland, Massachusetts. His grave is marked by a monument designed by Arthur Wallace Rice of Boston, Massachusetts, and was dedicated by the Edmund Rice Association on 29 August 1914. A boulder with a bronze tablet was also erected by the Association and marks Edmund’s homestead on the Old Connecticut Path in Wayland

On September 30, 2014 at 17:20GMT Wesley Doughman wrote:

http://www.angelfire.com/oh4/civwar/family/rice.html

His second wife may I repeat may have been a HURD. See other comment.

On May 1, 2014 at 14:08GMT Rolland Rice wrote:

Rice-4766 and Rice-52 appear to represent the same person because: Rice-52 is correct information.

On April 30, 2014 at 13:11GMT Jillaine Smith wrote:

I detached Hosmer-1188 as spouse of Edmund Rice and as mother to any of his children.

On November 1, 2013 at 14:02GMT Becky Syphers wrote:

Other sources have Edmund Rice's wife as Tamizine (or Tamisine) Frost. This profile MIGHT have matches with these different identities.

On July 28, 2013 at 12:16GMT PHLGenepool Allison wrote:

Grrrrrrrrrrreat Profile

On October 31, 2012 at 12:51GMT Maggie N. wrote:

This is an amazing profile page ! I have a lot to learn (-:

On October 31, 2012 at 01:35GMT M Lechner wrote:

Thanks to everyone, its a combined effort!!!

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