Categories: Puritan Great Migration | Stanstead, Suffolk | Berkhamsted, Hertfordshire | Puritans, in America | Massachusetts Bay Colonists | Sudbury, Massachusetts | Marlborough, Massachusetts | Family Brickwall | Y-DNA Haplogroup I1 | Long Profiles in Need of Cleanup.
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Attempts have been made by well recognized researchers to discover the parentage of Edmund Rice. Mary Lovering Holman got negative results searching the parish records near Stanstead and Sudbury, Suffolk County, England. The Edmund Rice (1638) Association, in 1997, asked Dr. Joanna Martin, who lives a short distance from Stanstead and Sudbury, to search again. Once again, no records were found. Some of the parish registers for likely years of Edmund's birth do not even exist. Mary Holman did discover the baptisms of Edmund's first three children.
Several erroneous and/or speculative sets of parents have been published and are proliferated in internet trees and databases: Henry Rice and Margaret Baker; Henry Rice and Elizabeth Frost (whose marriage was recorded 23 Aug 1619 at Stanstead); Thomas Rice and Catherine Howard; and Thomas Rice and Elizabeth Frost.
An investigation by Donald Lines Jacobus determined that many of the false accounts first occurred in a book by Dr. Charles Elmer Rice, By the Name of Rice, privately published by Dr. Rice at Alliance, Ohio in 1911.
"In his address to the 1999 annual meeting of the Edmund Rice (1638) Association, Gary Boyd Roberts, Senior Researcher, New England Historic Genealogy Society, reviewed all of the genealogical sleuthing on Edmund's parentage. Mr. Roberts is well known for his research on royal lineage. He concluded that there was no evidence whatsoever that supports the published accounts of Edmund Rice's parents and no evidence that Edmund Rice was from a royal lineage."
Edmund Rice was born about 1594 (parents not yet confirmed), and came to this country from Barkhamstead, Hertfordshire, England. He married first Tamazine Frost, October 15, 1618 in Bury St. Edmunds, England. She died at Sudbury, Massachusetts, where she was buried June 18, 1654. He married second March 1, 1655 Mercie (_____) Brigham, widow of Thomas Brigham of Cambridge. He had twelve children, nine of whom were born in England, and the others in Sudbury. They are listed below. Edmund Rice died May 3, 1663, at Marlboro, aged about sixty-nine, and was buried in Sudbury. His widow married William Hunt of Marlboro.
Early Settler & Leader in Sudbury
Edmund Rice arrived in the Massachusetts Bay Colony about 1638, although no passenger list survives that names him.
The first record of his presence is in the Township Book of the Town of Sudbury in the year 1639.
As yeomen farmers, Edmund Rice and the other early settlers at Sudbury were well prepared for the tasks of forming and governing a new community. As yeomen they had assumed both personal and community responsibilities back in England. As Protestant churchmen they had been encouraged to read and write so that they could study and understand their Bible. Although not of the noble class, they had shared many community and church responsibilities in their former communities in England.
Mr. Rice was a prominent man in the settlement, owning lands in and out of the town, some of which came by grant of the General Court: 
- His first dwelling-place at Sudbury was on the old north street. September 1, 1642, he sold this place to John Moore.
- In September of the same year, he leased, for six years, the Dunster Farm, which lay just east of Cochituate Pond.
- He bought of the widow Mary Axdell (or Axtell) six acres of land and her dwelling house, which were in the south part of the town.
- Some years afterwards he bought of Philemon Whale his house and nine acres of land near "the spring" and adjacent to the Axdell place; and these taken together, in part at least, formed the old Rice homestead, not far from the "Five Paths" (Wayland). This old homestead remained in the Rice family for generations.
Mr. Rice was made a freeman May 13, 1640, and was one of the committee appointed by the Colonial Court, September 4, 1639, to apportion land to the inhabitants. He served as selectman from 1639 to 1644, and was deputy to the General Court several successive years." 
In his Pulitzer Prize winning book, Puritan Village, The formation of a New England Town, Sumner Chilton Powell sums up the high regard that his fellow citizens had for Edmund:
- "Not only did Rice become the largest individual landholder in Sudbury, but he represented his new town in the Massachusetts legislature for five years and devoted at least eleven of his last fifteen years to serving as selectman and judge of small causes." He adds, "Two generations of Sudbury men selected Edmund Rice repeatedly as one of their leaders, with the full realization that they were ignoring men of far more English government experience who had come with him." 
He was appointed to apportion land in 1639, and became a Deputy to the General Court, a magistrate in 1641, and a selectman in 1644, and some years following.
- ”Far-reaching interest attaches to a pen-and-ink drawing by Pauline Atlee Long, reproduced above, which has for subject the Deacon Edmund Rice homestead, built in Wayland, Mass., in 1650. Deacon Rice was a Pilgrim, born in Buckinghamshire, Eng. in 1594. He settled in Sudbury, Mass., in 1638, according to a tablet that has been erected near the site of the house pictured above.”
Founding member & leader in Marlborough
In 1656, Edmund Rice was one of thirteen petitioners belonging to Sudbury, who petitioned the General Court for a new plantation, saying,
- "Whereas your petitioners have lived divers years in Sudbury, and God hath been pleased to increase our children, which are now, divers of them, grown to man's estate, and wee, many of us grown into years, so as that wee should bee glad to see them settled before the Lord take us away from hence; as also God having given us some considerable quantity of cattle, so that wee are so straightened, that wee cannot so comfortably subsist as could be desired; and some of us having taken some pains to view the country, wee have found a place, which lieth Westward about eight miles from Sudbury, which wee conceive might bee comfortable for our subsistence," &c.
Sudbury at that time contained less than seventy-five families, and in territory included what is now Wayland. Their petition was granted, and the plantation laid to them was incorporated by the name of Marlborough in 1660. Rice had a house lot of fifty acres granted to him by the proprietors of that town, upon which he built a house. The property sat in the westerly part of the town, on the old county road leading from Marlboro' to Northboro', and in the bend as it passes round the northerly side of the pond, a short distance northerly of the ancient "Williams tavern."
- "In a leas still preserved are these specifications for a house to be built by Edmund Rice prior to 1655. The house was to be 30 foot long, 10 foot high, 1 foot sill from the ground, 16 feet wide with two rooms, both below or one above the other , all the doors, walls, and stairs with convenient fixtures and well planked underfoot and boarded sufficiently to lay corn in the story above-head."
He was elected a Selectman at Marlborough in 1657.
He was honored with several appointments by the General Court and referred to as "Goodman Rice". He was appointed to solemnize marriages in Marlborough.
- Marie Ryce, bapt. August 23, 1619, in Stanstead, Suffolk, England She was unmarried and died before her father.
- Henry Ryce, bapt. February 13, 1620/21, in Stanstead died February 10, 1709–-10, married Elizabeth Moore February 1, 1641–42.
- Edward Rice, born October 20, 1622, died August 15, 1712, married (1) Anna, (2) Agnes Bent 1646. The Holman TAG article lists the baptism of Edmund Ryce, son of Edmund Ryce, bapt. 26 October 1622 in Stanstead. The recorder of baptisms, it would seem wrote the wrong name, and it should be Edward. See Note below.
- Thomas Ryce, bapt. January 26, 1625/6, died November 16, 1681, married Mary King 1652.
- Lydia Rice, bapt. March 9, 1627/8, in Berkhamstead, died April 5, 1675, married Hugh Drury 1645.
- Matthew Rice, bapt. February 28, 1629/30, Berkhamstead, died 1717, married Martha Lamson November 2, 1654.
- Daniel Rice, bapt 1 Nov 1632, Berkhamstead, buried there 10 Nov. 1632.
- Samuel Rice, bapt. November 12, 1634, Berkhamstead, died February 25, 1683–84, married (1) Elizabeth King, (2) Mary Dix September 1668, (3) Sarah White December 13, 1676.
- Joseph Rice, bapt March 13, 1637/8, in Berkhamstead, Edmund Rice married second Mercy Hurd, widow of Thomas Brigham on 1 Mar 1655/6 in Sudbury, Middlesex, Massachusetts. Children of Edmund and Mercy:
- Lydia Rice Holman does not mention this Lydia
- Ruth Rice b. 29 Sept 1959, Sudbury; m. Samuel Wells
Death & Legacy
Edmund Rice died May 3, 1663, age about 69, in Marlborough, Massachusetts and was buried in the Old Burying Ground in what is now Wayland, Massachusetts.
Edmund Rice left no will. The inventory of his estate was taken both at Sudbury and Marlborough on 16 May 1663. His widow, Mercy (Hurd) (Brigham) Rice, survived him and as admnistratix, settled his estate.
Of his twelve children, ten survived to have children of their own. According to the records, in 1858 this family numbered 1400 families and 7000 individuals.
The Edmund Rice (1638) Association has conducted extensive ancestral haplotype DNA testing on males believed to have descended from Rice, identifying descendants from five of his sons. The testing also revealed an unrecorded adoption or illegitimacy that occurred.
Edmund Rice, an early immigrant to Massachusetts Bay Colony and a founder of Sudbury and Marlborough, belonged to haplogroup I1.
See Rice Family Y-DNA Project for more information
Edmund Rice was the progenitor of many eminent descendants. Among them were:
- Clara Barton, Civil War nurse, American Red Cross founder
- U.S. President John Quincy Adams
- U.S. President Calvin Coolidge
- U.S. President Ulysses S Grant
- Julia Ward Howe, writer and poet, author of Battle Hymn of the Republic
- Mary A. Rice Livermore, Civil War nurse
- Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, poet
- Samuel F.B. Morse, inventor of the electric telegraph
- Ransom Eli Olds of Oldsmobile fame
- Stillman Pond, Mormon Pioneer
- Brigadier General Edmund Rice
- Congressman Edmund Rice
- Senator Henry Mower Rice
- Francis E Willard, philanthropist, reformer, educator, and President of the Women's Christian Temperance Union
- Steve Young, NFL football player
Citing this Record
WikiTree contributors, "Deacon Edmund Rice (c. 1594 - 1663)," WikiTree, http://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Rice-52 (accessed July 26, 2016).
- ↑ See "English Notes on Edmund Rice," in The American Genealogist, Volume 10 (1933/34), pp. 133 - 137.
- ↑ published first as "Pre-American Ancestries: IX. Edmund Rice," in The American Genealogist, volume 11, (1936), pp. 14-21, and reprinted in the fall of 1968 and the winter of 1998 issues of Newsletter of the Edmund Rice (1638) Association
- ↑ Quote and information in this section from "Who were Edmund Rice's ancestors?" Edmund Rice (1638) Association.
- ↑ 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 Andrew Henshaw Ward, A Genealogical History of the Rice Family: Descendants of Deacon Edmund Rice, who Came from Berkhamstead, England and Settled at Sudbury, Massachusetts, in 1638 or 9, (1858).
- ↑ 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 Edmund Rice (1638) Association; better source sought
- ↑ 6.0 6.1 Alfred Sereno Hudson, The History of Sudbury, Massachusetts 1638-1889, (No location):R. H. Blodgett (1889), p. 41.
- ↑ Sumner Chilton, Powell, Puritan Village, The formation of a New England Town, Hanover, NH: Wesleyan University Press (2011), p 21.
- ↑ John Buczek, History of Marlborough: An In Depth Look Source Program Book - Marlborough Tercentenary Celebration," Marlborough Tercentennial Commission; Retrieved 27 June 2009.
- ↑ Clayton Silas Rice, ‘’We sought the wilderness,’’ (1949) p. 23.
- ↑ 10.0 10.1 Mary Evaline Burroughs, “Burroughs Genealogical Notes” from ‘’Memoirs of a War Bride,’’ Danton Burroughs Family Archive; in some cases citing Lillian Kimball Stewart, The Hudson Thompson Memorial (1941).
- ↑ 11.0 11.1 11.2 Edmund Rice (1638) Association. #Broadfoot
- ↑ 12.00 12.01 12.02 12.03 12.04 12.05 12.06 12.07 12.08 12.09 12.10 Holman, Mary Lovering. "English Notes on Edmund Rice." The American Genealogist 10:133)
- ↑ Sudbury Vital Records, p. 258
- ↑ 14.0 14.1 Mrs. Brinkerhoff, "Rice Genealogy" p. 5, in The American Genealogist, 30:101. W. Vasile
- ↑ Willard Irving Tyler Brigham, History of the Brigham Family, NY, NY: Grafton Press (1907-1927), p. 69. mrl
- ↑ 16.0 16.1 James Savage, A Genealogical Dictionary of the First Settlers, Boston, MA: Little, Brown & Co. (1862), Volume 1, p 252. mrl
- ↑ Marlborough Vital Records, Marriages, p. 275
- ↑ "Rice Family DNA Project," Edmund Rice (1638) Association. Retrieved 31 August 2009.
- William Barry, "A History of Framingham, Massachusetts: Including the Plantation, from 1640 to the Present Time, with an Appendix, Containing a Notice of Sudbury and Its First Proprietors; Also, a Register of the Inhabitants of Framingham Before 1800, with Genealogical Sketches", Boston, MA: J. Munroe and Company, 1847 - 456 pages (Google eBook), - page 3, page 4, page 5, page 8, page 154, page 155, page 371, page 372, page 373.
- Willard Irving Tyler Brigham, and Emma Elisabeth Brigham. The History of the Brigham Family: A record of several thousand descendants of Thomas Brigham, the emigrant, 1603-1653. (New York : Grafton Press ; Rutland, Vt. : Tuttle, c1907-c1927), p. 69, 1907-1927.
- John Buczek, History of Marlborough: HISTORY: An In Depth Look Source Program Book - Marlborough Tercentenary Celebration
- Edgar John Bullard & Gail Wheeler Prithard, Bullard and Allied Families, Detroit, Mich.: E.J. Bullard (1930), p 113. Digital version available to subscribers of Ancestry.com.
- William Richard Cutter, Genealogical and personal memoirs", New York, NY: Lewis Historical Publishing Co (1910) - pg 598, pg 599; Google Play; Archive.org
- Dee Christophel D'Errico, "Descendants of John Howe," citing: Charles Hudson, "History of the Town of Marborough," [Publisher, Date], p 431.
- Edmund Rice Profile, Edmund Rice (1638) Association
- Find A Grave Memorial Edmund Rice
- Ernest Flagg, Genealogical Notes on the Founding of New England, Hartford, CT: Clearfield Co. (1926); Baltimore, MD: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc. (1990, 1996). Ancestry.com (subscription required).
- Mary Lovering Holman, “English Notes on Edmund Rice,” in The American Genealogist, New Haven, CT: D.L. Jacobus; 10 (1933/34): 133-137.
- Charles Hudson, History of the town of Marlborough, Middlesex County, Massachusetts: from its first settlement in 1657 to 1861…, (Boston, Massachusetts, United States: T R Marvin & Sons, 1862)
- Donald Lines Jacobus, "Pre-American Ancestries: Edmund Rice of Sudbury, Mass.", in The American Genealogist, Vol II (1936), pp 14-21
- Ella D. King, An Interim Tracing of the Ancestry of Valarie Daly King, 1956; p. 24
- “Massachusetts Vital Records to 1850,” Database, www.newenglandancestors.org, New England Historical and Genealogical Society.
- Lucius Robinson Paige, History of Cambridge, MA 1630-1877, Cambridge, MA: H.O. Houghton (1877).
- Lucius R. Paige, "Freemen of Massachusetts," [where?]
- Ebenezer Parker, The Story of the Rice Boys: Captured by the Indians, Westborough Historical Society, 1906
- Harold F. Porter, Jr., “The Paternal Ancestry of Thomasine Frost, wife of Deacon Edmund(1) Rice of Sudbury, MA," in The American Genealogist, Demorest, GA: 63(Jul 1988):129.
- Harriet Augusta Robinson, "Brewer Genealogy", self-published (1903) Page 9. 
- James Savage, A Genealogical Dictionary of the First Settlers of New England: Showing Three Generations of Those Who Came Before May, 1692, on the Basis of Farmer's Register, (Boston: Little, Brown, and Co, 1860-1862), 3:532.
- Nathaniel B. Shurtleff, Records of the Colony of Massachusetts Bay, vol. 3, pp. 259, 297, 340
- Elsie Hawes Smith, Edmund Rice and His Family Boston, MA: Meador press (1938)
- “Sudbury Records - Vitals taken from Middlesex records,” in ‘’NEHG Register,’’ Boston, MA: NEHGS 17(Jan 1863):170-172; 254-260; 311-315; 18(1864):45-48;… more?...
- Josiah H. Temple, Gen Reg of Framingham Families, pp. 680-681
- Mary F. Vance-Shaw Hosmer Heritage, Medium: Book (more details needed)
- Vital Records of Marlborough, Massachusetts to the end of the year 1849, Worcester, MA: Franklin P. Rice (1908), p. 34
- Andrew Henshaw Ward, "A Genealogical History of the Rice Family: Descendants of Deacon Edmund Rice, who Came from Berkhamstead, England, and Settled at Sudbury, Massachusetts, in 1638 or 9", Boston, MA: C.B. Richardson (1858) - 379 pages, Questionable quality (significant errors have subsequently been revealed; use with caution) (Google eBook)
- Andrew Henshaw Ward, ‘’Ward family; descendants of William Ward: who settled in Sudbury, Mass., in 1639’’, Boston: S. G. Drake (1851) - (Google eBook) - page 17. 
- The Wheeler Family of Clermont County Ohio and Lincoln, Middlesex, Norfolk, & Worcester Counties Massachusetts Descendants of Richard Wheeler of Dedham
- Wikipedia Contributors, “Edmund Rice (1638),” ‘’Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia,’’ 15 Aug 2013 (last revision); retrieved 7 Sept 2013.
- Justin Winsor, Narrative and Critical History of America], Volume 1, Volume 2, Volume 3, Volume 4. More volumes are available through Google Books.
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On November 20, 2015 at 04:11GMT David Gometz wrote:
On January 9, 2015 at 20:29GMT Smith Smith wrote:
On October 1, 2014 at 12:12GMT Smith Smith wrote:
On September 30, 2014 at 17:23GMT Wesley Doughman wrote:
Children of Deacon Edmund Rice and Mercy Hurd: Lydia, b. ----; m. Hugh Drury. Ruth, b. September 29, 1659; m. Samuel Wells. Ann, b. November 19, 1661; m. November 12, 1685, Nathaniel Gary (or Gery) of Roxbury who was born July 4, 1663, son of Nathaniel Gery and Ann Douglas, who were married at Roxbury October 14, 1658. Arthur Geary was one of the first settlers at Roxbury.
On September 30, 2014 at 17:20GMT Wesley Doughman wrote:
On September 30, 2014 at 17:20GMT Wesley Doughman wrote:
His second wife may I repeat may have been a HURD. See other comment.
On April 30, 2014 at 13:11GMT Smith Smith wrote:
On November 1, 2013 at 14:02GMT Becky Syphers wrote:
On July 28, 2013 at 12:16GMT Trace Allison wrote:
On October 31, 2012 at 12:51GMT Maggie N. wrote:
Edmund is 13 degrees from Kevin Bacon, 36 degrees from Anne Frank, 18 degrees from AJ Jacobs, 26 degrees from Neil deGrasse Tyson and 16 degrees from Queen Elizabeth II of the Commonwealth Realms on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.