Thomas Rogers

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Thomas Rogers
Born in Watford, Northamptonshire, Englandmap
Husband of — married in Watford, Northamptonshire, Englandmap
Died in Plymouth, Plymouth, Massachusettsmap
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Categories: Massachusetts Bay Colonists | Mayflower Passengers | Mayflower Compact signatories.

(Template:Mayflower Passenger)


Merging Notice

This profile is a work-in-progress. Under the developing rules on historically-significant ancestors over 300-years-old we are doing expedited merges. The final WikiTree ID is Rogers-268. Do not merge this profile into any other. Merge duplicates into this profile. Please see the WikiTree Mayflower Ancestors User Group to participate in cleaning up and maintaining these profiles. We need one manager to take primary responsibility for each profile. Whitten-1 10:05, 21 January 2012 (EST) Tim Wilder seems to be the primary contact for this Mayflower Pilgrim. (Joseph is Rogers-12)(Thomas is Rogers-16) Thomas Rogers is often confused with Thomas Rogers of Duxbury, and the latter's relatives are merged in. Please check for the correct Rogers before attempting a merge.


Thomas Rogers was born by about 1572, estimated from his marriage date. He married Alice Cosford, daughter of George Cosford, in Watford, Northamptonshire on October 24, 1597.[1] Thomas left Northampton County, England about 1616 and traveled to Holland. He settled with his family in Leiden, Holland on June 25, 1618. April 1, 1620, he sold his house in Leyden for 300 guilders before coming to America on the Mayflower.

Thomas was a businessman and a merchant, not a pilgrim. Thomas Rogers became a citizen of Leyden on 25 June 1618 with sponsors William Jepson and Roger Wilson, and is called a Camlet-merchant. He knew many of the separatists in Holland and decided to go with them to America.

His second and oldest surviving son Joseph came with him on the Mayflower trip. [2] His wife Alice, two daughters Elizabeth and Margaret, and son John remained in Leiden. In the 1622 poll tax for Leyden lists his wife Elsgen (Alice), and daughters Lysbeth (Elizabeth) and Grietgen (Margaret), and son John living in the Over 't Hoff quarter of Leiden. John Rogers is known to have come to America and married, but unfortunately the later whereabouts of Elizabeth and Margaret remain undocumented.[3] The widow, the son John and the daughters do not appear in the land division of 1623 or the cattle division of 1627, so it is thought that they came to Plymouth Colony perhaps in 1629 or 1630 with the last of the Leiden group.[4] Joseph Rogers and John Rogers "his brother" each received fifty acres of upland at the North River on April 6, 1640.[5]

As a passenger on the Mayflower they sailed out of England on August 5, 1620 with 100 other passengers. They arrived November 11, 1620 at what would be called Cape Cod. They had been 66 days at sea.

Thomas was the 18th signer of the Mayflower Compact on Nov. 11, 1620, out of a total of 41 signers. It served as the first form of government in the colony.

On Dec. 16, 1620, they came ashore at Plymouth after spending time to search for a suitable area. It had cleared land and fresh water. Construction of shelter started on Dec. 23rd. Two early fires in the colony destroyed several structures, which slowed progress.

Many original Mayflower passengers died that first winter. There were about 40 deaths, including Thomas Rogers. He died sometime between Dec. to Feb. 1620-1621 "in the first sickness"[6] in the Plymouth Colony. He was age about 49.

Thomas was buried at the top of Cole's Hill. Left behind without family was his son Joseph, age 18. He had to stay with other families, including Governor Bradford's family.

It was Thomas Rogers's descendants who helped build the new colony.

Further information on the Rogers family and their English background is in "The English Ancestry of the Pilgrim Thomas Rogers and his wife Alice (Cosford) Rogers", by Clifford Scott, The Genealogist, Vol. 10, No. 2, 1989. (On line at:


Y Chromosome haplogroup inferred from descendants: R1b1 FTDNA kit 83654

Online resources

Thomas Rogers Society


  • Source: S385 Mayflower Families Through Five Generations, Volume Nineteen: Thomas Rogers, Ann T. Reeves, Volume: 19, Alice W.A. Westgate (General Society of Mayflower Descendants, 2000)
  • Source: S388 The Genealogist: English Ancestry of the Pilgrim Thomas Rogers and His Wife Alice (Cosford) Rogers, Volume: 10, No. 2, by Clifford L Scott (1989)
  • Source: Pilgrim Migration: Immigrants to Plymouth Colony 1620-1633, by Robert Charles Anderson, (Great Migration Study Project, New England Historic Genealogical Society, Boston: 2004)
  • New Englanders in the 1600s: A Guide to Genealogical Research Published Between 1980 and 2005, by Martin E. Hollick (Boston: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2006) ROGERS, THOMAS, Mayflower Passenger, v. ca. 1571, d. Plymouth, Mass., winter 1620/1. English origins of him and his wife at TG [The Genealogist] 9:138-49; MF19 [Alice W.A. Westgate, compiler, Ann T. Reeves, revisor, Mayflower Families Through Five Generations: Thomas Rogers (Plymouth, MA: General Society of Mayflower Descendants, 2000).], five generations all lines; GMB [Robert Charles Anderson, The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England 1620-1633 (Boston, MA: NEHGS, 1995)] III:1597-99; PM [Robert Charles Anderson, The Pilgrim Migration: Immigration to Plymouth Colony 1620-1633 (Boston, MA: New England Historic Geneological Society, 2004)], pp. 396-97; Croll [Robert Croll Stevens, Ancestry of the Children of Robert Croll Stevens and Jane Eleanor (Knauss) Stevens, Volume II: The Genealogy of John Christian Croll 1707-1758 (Pittsford, NY: Tucker Printers, Inc. 1985], 140; EB [Edmund K. Swigart, Ph.D., An Emerson-Benson Saga: The Ancestry of Charles F. Emerson and Bessie Benson and the Struggle to Settle the United States Including 194 Allied Lines (Baltimore, MD: Gateway Press, 1994)], pp. 484-92; Brewer [Dorothy Brewer Erikson, Descendants of Thomas Brewer Connecticut to Main 1682-1996 with Allied Families (Boston, MA: NEHGS, 1996], pp. 479-80; JPG [Joan S. Guilford, The Ancestry of Dr. J.P. Guilford, Volume I: Seventeenth-Century New England Colonials and a Few Eighteenth-Century Immigrants (Orange, CA, 2003)] I:694-701.
  • "Kindred spirits: a New World history of the families of Henry Wickoff Rogers & Grace Dean McLeod", Thomas married Alice Cosford Oct 24 1597 in Waterford, Northampton, England, daughter of George Cosford.
  • "Rogers family to Jonas family, 1510-2010", At about age 26, Thomas married a local girl named Alice Cosford on the 24th of October 1597. Alice had been baptized on the 10th of May 1573 and was the daugther of another local farmer and his wife, George and Margaret (possibly Wills) Cosford
  1. Source: #S388p. 143
  2. Bradford, 442, 446. In his passenger list Bradford has "Thomas Rogers and his son; his other children came afterwards,"
  3. The American Genealogist 52:110-13; New England Historical and Genealogical Register 154:432-33.
  4. Bradford 442, 446 "Thomas Rogers died in the first sickness but his son Joseph is still living and is married and hath six children. The rest of Thomas Rogers's came over and are married and have many children."
  5. Pilgrim Migration, cites PCR [Records of the Colony of New Plymouth in New England, Nathaniel B. Shurtleff and David Pulsifer, eds., 12 volumes in 10 (Boston 1855-1861)] 1:144
  6. Source: #S385 d. Plymouth in the winter of 1620/21 "in the first sickness"; p. 1


  • WikiTree profile Rogers-3106 created through the import of BDM7-7-11.ged on Jul 8, 2011 by Brian McCullough. See the Changes page for the details of edits by Brian and others.
  • WikiTree profile Rogers-3708 created through the import of mike_walton_2011.ged on Aug 20, 2011 by Mike Walton. See the Changes page for the details of edits by Mike and others.
  • WikiTree profile Rogers-2052 created through the import of Lent_Vise_2011-05-11aa.ged on May 26, 2011 by Bryan Sypniewski. See the Changes page for the details of edits by Bryan and others.
  • WikiTree profile Rogers-2798 created through the import of Ancestors of PBHowe.ged on Jun 6, 2011 by Buck Howe. See the Changes page for the details of edits by Buck and others.
  • This person was created through the import of HOWE(1).ged on 08 April 2011. The following data was included in the gedcom.
  • This person was created through the import of Family Line.ged on 01 March 2011.
  • This person was created through the import of Watkins.ged on 04 April 2011.
  • Thanks to Loren Fay for starting this profile.
  • This person was created through the import of Reba Family Tree_2011-03-12.ged on 13 March 2011.
  • This person was created on 18 February 2011 through the import of Bishop Family Tree.ged.


Mayflower ship passenger, signer of the Mayflower Compact in 1620 on the ship. He died in the first winter of sickness. Buried in the mass grave on Plymouth hill, name on the monument.[7]


24 OCT 1597
Watford, Northamptonshire, England
Husband: Thomas Rogers
Wife: Alice Cosford
Child: Joseph Rogers

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On October 19, 2013 Philip Smith wrote:

This profile has been identified as a duplicate by Phil Smith, an Arborist. Please review the proposed merge - bottom of the profile on the left. If they are duplicates please approve the merge. If you have questions or would like assistance please ask. Thank you.

On September 27, 2013 Philip Smith wrote:

This profile has been identified as a duplicate by an Arborist. Please review the proposed merge - bottom of the profile on the left. If they are duplicates please approve the merge. If you have questions or would like assistance please ask the Arborist. Thank you.

On January 11, 2013 Ed Burke wrote:

This profile has recently been merged. Please check profile for redundancy. WikiTree Arborist Ed

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