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Gasper Roland (1721 - 1809)

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Gasper Roland
Born in Rheinland-Pfalz, Germanymap
Husband of — married about in Pennsylvaniamap
Died in Drakes Creek (Warren County), Kentucky, United Statesmap
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Categories: Swiss-German and Mennonite Immigrants to Pennsylvania.

Although not part of a project, this profile is protected to prevent change to the spelling of the last name without first discussing it in G2G. Please contact me if you have questions or comments.



Casper Roland (pronounced Kaspar Rauland) immigrated on the ship "Friendship", Alix'r Thomson, Master, from Rotterdam to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania on Oct. 12, 1741. The Oath of Allegiance was taken the same date as his landing in Pa. His age was given as 20. Casper made his mark, however he was literate in German and French. He and his family lived in the Palatine area of Germany because they were allowed to practice there religion there - they were Brethrens which was an offshoot of Baptist/Amish. It is thought that the family was of French origins and not German. Sometime in 1741 Casper took a river boat down the Rhine river to Rotterdam and from there boarded the ship Friendship for his trip to America.(1)

"Gasper Roland, the immigrant ancestor, was a Colonial Dunker in Pennsylvania, Maryland, and North Carolina. Rowland is involved in practically every frontier Dunker minister blood line after 1800. When he moved to North Carolina in 1771-72, his sons John, George and Joseph went along. Son Abraham remained in Frederick (later Washington) Co., Md. Gasper Rowland settled in the Forks of the Yadkin, Rowan (now Davie) Co., N.C., and organized the Dutchmans Creek Dunker congregation. His son-in-law James Hendricks was minister of the Crane Creek congregation, across the South Yadkin east of Salisbury.

In the mid-1780's, Abraham Rowland moved to the Dunker congregation in Franklin Co., Va., then moved to Wilkes (now Ashe) Co., N.C., when his father mover there in 1795. By this time, Old Gasper had apparently become a Universalist as well as a Dunker--and his ministry was not welcomed on the South Fork of New River--so he returned to the Forks of the Yadkin where he remained until 1799 when he and all of his remaining family in the Forks moved to Drakes Creek waters of Warren (now Simpson) Co., Ky., or to the waters the Hinckston in Montgomery Co., Ky. By 1800, the only Rolands left in North Carolina were Abraham and his family.

When Elder Gasper Roland died c1809, his lands in Ashe Co., N.C. were sold by his two executors: Joseph Roland, of Warren Co., Ky., (son), and Joseph Roland, of Ashe Co., N.C., (grandson, son of Abraham). Roland and all his Universalian Dunker followers , about ninety-five percent of the Carolina Brethren, were excommunicated by the Annual Meeting of the Brethren (Dunkers) in 1798.(2)

Gasper "Casper" Roland-Rowland was born abt. 1721 in Germany and arrived in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1741. Gasper "Casper" Roland-Rowland was the minister at the Big Conewago and Little Conewago Pennsylvania congregations in 1761. From 1762-1766, Gasper "Casper" Roland-Rowland lived in Pipe Creek, Maryland and then moved back to Pennsylvania. He then moved to North Carolina about 1733 and settled on Dutchmans Creek in Rowan County, North Carolina. In 1790 census he is listed in Rowan County, North Carolina with his sons Joseph Roland and John Roland. From 1795-1796 he lived on the New River in Wilkes {later Ashe} County, North Carolina. In 1799 he moved to Kentucky and died in Warren County, Kentucky.(3)

He took passage on the ship Friendship, arriving in Philadelphia in 1741. He married a widow, Mary Hunsaker Meyer about 1742.

He was a Brethren minister and served at the Big Conewago and Little Conewago Pennsylvania congregations in 1761. Lived in Pipe Creek Maryland from 1762 to 1766 and then returned to Pennsylvania. Went to North Carolina about 1773 and settled on Dutchmans Creek in Rowan County. In 1799 he moved to Kentucky and died about 1809 in Warren County Kentucky. His will was probated in Wilkes county, NC.(4)

Sources for Biography

(1)Molly Roland Flanagan Rowland message board.

(2)A letter written by John Scott Davenport to Donna Macy Sand and Lena Owens, Nov. 5, 1982 gives the following information about Gasper Roland.

(3)Posting by Andrew 171 Roland forum board



Sharon Winsatt included the above biography in the WikiTree profile Rowland-629, which was merged into Roland-19 on December 1, 2012. See the Changes page for the details of edits by Sharon and others.


The profile for Roland-19 was created through the import of Pioneer Stock.GED on 31 October 2010. The following data was included in the gedcom.


Date: 12 OCT 1741
Place: Arrived on ship Friendship, Philadelphia, PA.


Date: 10 JUL 1810
Place: Probated Wilkes Co., NC.


Place: German Baptist Brethern (Dunkard)

Naturalization as a Citizen

Naturalization as a Citizen:
Date: ABT 1741
Place: Oath of Allegiance


Note: @NI10196@
@NI10196@ NOTE1790 census, Rowan Co., NC: 1 white free male 16+ (inclufing head)
1 male under 16
3 females
0 slaves

While processing relationships in the gedcom some additional information was found which may be relevant.

Could not parse date out of ABT 1742.

@F03435@ FAM
Husband: @I10196@
Wife: @I10169@
Child: @I10176@
Child: @I10177@
Child: @I10179@
Child: @I10178@
Child: @I10197@
Child: @I10198@
Child: @I10199@
Child: @I10201@
Child: @I10202@
Date: ABT 1742
Place: Pennsylvania


WikiTree profile Roland-203 was created through the import of Tom Roland Family Tree.ged on May 6, 2012 by Tom Roland. See the Changes page for the details of edits by Tom and others. Roland-203 was merged into Roland-19 on October 6, 2012.


Immigration: Aboard the Ship Friendship from Rotterdam with several other Palatinates, probably fleeing religious persecution, being "Dunkers," i.e. the Schwarzenau Brethren.
Date: 12 Oct 1741
Place: Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA


Note: Universalist Brethren
Note: JohnForestRoland story
Note: Chronology
Note: Immigration
Note: Gasper (Casper) Rowland (Roland)


  • Source: S-1380164248 Repository: #R-1567510693 Title: Ancestry Family Trees Publication: Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: Original data: Family Tree files submitted by Ancestry members. Note: This information comes from 1 or more individual Ancestry Family Tree files. This source citation points you to a current version of those files. Note: The owners of these tree files may have removed or changed information since this source citation was created. Page: Ancestry Family Trees Note: Data: Text:
  • Repository: R-1567510693 Name: Address: Note:


WikiTree profile Roland-250 was created through the import of site198134071-tree1-20121128.ged on November 29, 2012, by Kathy Caccamo. It was merged into Roland-19 on December 4, 2012. See the Changes page for the details of edits by Kathy and others. The following was included in the gedcom for Roland-250.


UPD 25 NOV 2012 21:50:27 GMT -0600

Record ID Number

Record ID Number: MH:I105

User ID

User ID: 25MEOI70-BJ60-3322-2SQ1-2SQ1B200E3F5


  • Source: S500002 UPD 26 NOV 2012 18:45:12 GMT -0600 Author: Terry Hendricks Title: Terry Hendricks Family Tree Web Site Text: family tree

    Family site: Terry Hendricks Family Tree Web Site

    Family tree: 137662561-3 Type: Smart Matching Media: 137662561-3 Page: Gaspar Roland Quality or Certainty of Data: 3 Data: Date: 26 NOV 2012 Text: Added by confirming a Smart Match Event: Smart Matching Role: 3000466

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DNA Connections
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Gasper by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA. However, there are no known yDNA or mtDNA test-takers in his direct paternal or maternal line. It is likely that these autosomal DNA test-takers will share DNA with Gasper:

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