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Wihtgils (Sachsen) von Sachsen (0380 - 0434)

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Wihtgils "Wictgils, Victgilsus, King of Saxony" von Sachsen formerly Sachsen aka Wittasson
Born [location unknown]
Son of and [mother unknown]
[sibling(s) unknown]
[spouse(s) unknown]
Died [location unknown]
This page has been accessed 3,242 times.

Categories: Disputed Existence.

Non-existent person? Research suggests that this person may never have existed.
See narrative for details

Although there seems to be ample evidence for the existence of this line, there is no mention of them in any works contemporary to their times and they must be seen as legendary or mythological characters.

This genealogy follows Bede as the earliest written work to name them, but alternatives are discussed below.

Early Sources

The Historia Ecclesiastica Gentis Anglorum (The Ecclesiastical History of the English People) written by the Venerable Bede in the early eight century (completed about 731) is the earliest existing work to name the brothers Hengist and Horsa, as the first Anglo-Saxon leaders to arrive in England in about 449.

He also gives their genealogy; sons of Wihtgils, son of Witta, son of Wecta, son of Woden (filii Uictgilsi, cuius pater Uitta, cuius pater Uecta, cuius pater Uoden) [1]

This genealogy is followed by most other works such as the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, though they increasingly add further ancestors beyond Woden.

However another genealogy thought to be written about 811-814,[2] reverses Wihtgils and Witta, and names Wegdaeg as the son of Woden; either replacing Wecta or providing an alternative name for him (hengest uitting. uitta uihtgilsing. uihtgils vegdaeging. vegdaeg uodning. uoden frealafing)[3]

This may be based on a Norse tradition; The Prose Edda by Snorri Sturluson, although written in the early to mid-13th century, is probably based on earlier written or oral sources[4] and the genealogy follows the same order.

  • "Odin set up three of his sons for land-wardens. One was named Vegdeg: he was a mighty king and ruled over East Saxland; his son was Vitgils; his sons were Vitta, Heingistr's father, and Sigarr, father of Svebdeg, whom we call Svipdagr.[5]

Later Sources

At some point they developed into Kings of the Saxons, again under a slightly different arrangement. Witte I or Vecta, King of the Saxons 300, died 350 (son of either Veldeg or Woden or Bodo); father of Witte II or Vitta, King of the Saxons 350, died 400; father of Witigislus or Wihtgisilas, King of the Saxons 400, died 434, father of Hengist,[6] but there are absolutely no early sources that even mention them in this role and such sources have no validity.


Sources

  1. Bede
  2. Sweet, p. 167
  3. Sweet, p. 171
  4. Brodeur, quoting Magnússon, in Sturluson, p. xiii
  5. Sturluson, p. 7
  6. Anderson, p. 447, Table CCXV and p. 733, Table CCCCLXXX
  • Anderson, J. (1732). Royal Genealogies: or the genealogical tables of Emperors, Kings and Princes from Adam to these times, London: James Bettenham. pp. 184 & 447. Retrieved from https://books.google.hu/books?id=yrqeY839bMwC
Preceded by
Witte Wittik
King of Saxony
400-434
Succeeded by
Hengest Wittik


badges This person was a member of royalty, nobility or aristocracy in Europe. If you are interested in this profile, see our European Royals and Aristocrats Prior to 742 Project.



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