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John B. Snow Sr. (abt. 1638 - 1692)

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John B. Snow Sr.
Born about in British Colony of Plymouth, Plymouth Co., (Massachusetts), New Englandmap
Husband of — married (to ) in Eastham, Barnstable, Massachusetts, United Statesmap
Died in Eastham, Barnstable, Province of Massachusetts Bay, New Englandmap
This page has been accessed 2,552 times.

Categories: Mayflower Families | Snow Name Study.

Contents

Biography

Born in May 1638, John B. Snow (Sr.) was born in the town of Plymouth, in the British colony of Plymouth Plantations, New England. A different, unrelated, "John Snow" was born on September 16, 1638 in Woburn, Middlesex Co., British colony of Massachusetts Bay. That both were born in 1638 in territory has become Massachusetts has led to some genealogical confusion between the two men.

The John Snow who was born in May 1638 in Plymouth was the fourth son (of five plus six sisters) of HMS "Anne" passenger, Nicholas Snow and his wife, "Mayflower" passenger, Constance (Hopkins) Snow. John was born in Plymouth Colony, Massachusetts, before the family became one of the first settlers of Eastham (Barnstable County), in April 1644, across Plymouth Bay on the Cape Cod peninsula. The large Snow family, descended from Nicholas & Constance, was prominent on Cape Cod in the 17th Century and beyond. Many genealogies add a middle initial "B." to John Snow's name.[1]

John B. Snow, Sr. married Mary Smalley on September 19, 1667, in Eastham, Barnstable Co., Massachusetts. They had 6 daughters:

  1. Hannah Ruhamah (b. 26 August 1670)
  2. Mary (b. 10 March 1672)
  3. Abigail (b. 14 October 1673)
  4. Rebecca (b. 23 July 1676)
  5. Lydia (b. 29 September 1685)
  6. Phebe (b. 27 June 1689)

and 3 sons:

  1. John B., Jr. (b. 3 May 1678)
  2. Isaac B. (b. 10 August 1683)
  3. Elisha (b. 10 January 1687).

John's two younger sons, Isaac and Elisha, eventually emigrated from Massachusetts, settling what is now Kent County, Delaware, in June 1711. They were joined by their older brother, John B. Snow, Jr. in 1728 after a scandal in Massachusetts led him to leave Cape Cod.

In about 1670, John B. and Mary Snow left Eastham, moving to Little Compton, Rhode Island, with her parents (John & Ann Smalley) and the Smalley family. The next year they joined Richard Higgins and a New England settler party, moving south to Piscataway, Middlesex County, New Jersey. John Smalley was among the earliest pioneer freeholders in that colony, newly reorganized after the defeat of the Dutch and transfer of New Netherlands (including that part of New Jersey) to English rule.[2] Although the Smalley family remained in New Jersey, John B. and Mary (Smalley) Snow returned to Eastham, Massachusetts, before the birth of their daughter Abigail in 1673. They settled between Eastham and Truro, Massachusetts, on Cape Cod.

Nicholas Snow's Will dated Nov. 14, 1676, was proven on March 5, 1677. In it, he left his son John all his lands at "Paomett" (later re-named Truro) with "all my Right and title of privilege there" . Nicholas was buried on the North-west edge of the Cove Burying Ground at Eastham without a gravestone.

John B. Snow took the freeman's oath at Eastham on 5 June 1684.

John B. Snow Sr. died in late March or early April 1692 in Eastham MA, leaving his widow with several minor-age children to raise. Although no will was cited, an Inventory of his Estate was made by John Freeman and William Walker on April 4, 1692. The settlement of the estate was held at the County Court in Barnstable MA, April 19, 1692, as follows;

"...after debts paid, one third part of his real estate to Mary Snow, widow, relict of said deceased during her natural life, and one third part of the personal estate forever; and the rest of said personal estate for bringing up the children of said deceased, saving her paying to each of the daughters four pounds apiece as they come of age or married; & the sons of the said deceased to have the lands and housing according to law."[3]

John B. Snow Sr. was buried in the Cove Burying Ground, Eastham, Barnstable County, Massachusetts, near his parents' graves. His widow, Mary (Smalley) Snow, re-married shortly after John's death to Ephraim Doane, a family friend and neighbor. He was a recent widower. Mary was listed in Ephraim Doane's will of 7 December 1699 and she died in October or November 1703, in Eastham, Massachusetts.[4]

Notes on the Birth Date for John B. Snow, Sr.

Regarding the birth date of 9 May 1628 given for John B. Snow Sr. in the Nelson GEDCOM import... My research shows 10 Family Trees that list this date for John Snow's birth-date, all in Plymouth colony, Massachusetts. Alas, these 10 Trees have apparently either made the same mistake or copied it from earlier faulty research. May 9, 1628, was the birth-date for MARK SNOW, John's older brother and eldest son of Nicholas Snow & Mayflower passenger, Constance Hopkins. Over 800 Family Trees have Mark Snow's birth-date as May 9, 1628, as do other Mayflower family sources. [5]

John B. Snow, Sr., son of Nicholas & Constance, was born in 1638 by nearly all accounts. However, as another John Snow, son of Richard Snow & Annis/Avis Barat Snow, was also born in 1638, in Woburn MA (not in Plymouth colony, later Massachusetts, where "this" John was born), there has been a lot of confusion about the exact birth-date. All the evidence I have found points to September 16, 1638, as the birth-date for the "other" John Snow (son of Richard & Annis/Avis SNOW) born in Woburn, Middlesex, Mass. "Plymouth" John Snow's exact birth-date seems less evident. May 28, 1638, is mentioned a few times, using this citation: [6] But most genealogies just give "1638" as John's birth date or they mistakenly cite the September 16, 1638, birth-date of Richard Snow's son. May 28, 1638, is thus the most-likely birth-date but it is not proven.[7]

Genealogical Note:

There has been some discussion among contemporary (21st Century) genealogists as to what could have been the Middle Name for "John B. Snow," Sr.. This initial "B" was continued by two of his sons, "John B. Snow, Jr." and "Isaac B. Snow" plus Isaac's son, "William B. Snow" and William's grandson, "Solomon B. Snow," without it ever being explained, so far as has been recorded.

There are two major possibilities for the name "behind the B". One is that there was no name. Few people, other than aristocrats, had two first or Christian names in 17th Century England or America. It's possible that John "added" an initial "B." to his name to make distinguish it from other men named John and it became a tradition, handed-down father-to-son without any name attached. The second possibility is that the name was "Benjamin" - from the Old Testament. This was often the name given to the youngest (or younger) son as Benjamin was Isaac's youngest son listed in the Bible. Nicholas Snow's family used Biblical first names extensively and since John was the 4th son (and youngest until Jabez was born several years later), his parents may have named him "John Benjamin" but then after Jabez was born they dropped the Benjamin. John passed that initial "B." for "Benjamin" along to his son Isaac and so on.

A final possibility (although unlikely) is that John B. Snow Sr.'s name was originally "John Baptist" Snow. Later generations of Snows, especially those that moved to the Southern USA, became Baptists; however, the Cape Cod, Mass., Snow family were generally Puritan and later Congregationalists, not Baptists. As no birth certificate has survived for John B. Snow, Sr., no one will probably ever know the truth of this small genealogical mystery.[8]

Sources

  1. biography researched and added by John B. Snow's direct descendant, Chet B. Snow, September 1, 2014. John's most-likely birth-date is May 28, 1638, but this remains unproven as no birth certificate ever has been found.
  2. "History and Genealogy of the Mayflower Planters," by Leon C. Hills, Leon Clark Hills... a Google book preview.
  3. World Family Tree Vol. 1, Ed. 1; Author: Brøderbund Software, Inc.; Publication: Release date: November 29, 1995 - Note: Customer pedigree. Repository: Media: Family Archive CD - Page: Tree #1416.
  4. "Mayflower Families-Stephen Hopkins, by John D Austin (1992) p.20 = "d. after 7 Dec. 1699 (when mentioned in second husband's will), prob. Eastham, Dec. 8, 1703." An inventory of her estate was taken on December 22, 1703, according to: http://aleph0.clarku.edu/~djoyce/gen/eastham/smalley.html:
  5. Researched and added by Chet Snow, Sept. 1, 2104.
  6. File: 153 NEHGR Text: [153] NEHGR: The New England Historical and Genealogical Register. Boston, MA: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1847. (Online database: AmericanAncestors.org, New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2001-2012.) Text: 47:83
  7. Researched and added by Chet Snow, Sept. 1, 2014.
  8. Added by descendant Chet B. Snow whose "B." initial stands for Bonine, his mother's maiden name; on January 8, 2016.

See also:

  • The Chrisman Pedigree, website created by Lonnie Chrisman
  • familysearch.org
  • "Massachusetts Births and Christenings, 1639-1915," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/FZDF-CYB : accessed 14 October 2015), John Snow in entry for Hannah Snow, 26 Aug 1670; citing , EASTHAM, BARNSTABLE, MASSACHUSETTS, ; FHL microfilm 778,357.
  • "Massachusetts Births and Christenings, 1639-1915," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/FZDF-X7V : accessed 14 October 2015), John Snow in entry for Abigail Snow, 14 Oct 1673; citing , EASTHAM, BARNSTABLE, MASSACHUSETTS, ; FHL microfilm 778,357.
  • "Massachusetts Births and Christenings, 1639-1915," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/FZDF-KRF : accessed 14 October 2015), John Snow in entry for Lydia Snow, 29 Sep 1685; citing , EASTHAM, BARNSTABLE, MASSACHUSETTS, ; FHL microfilm 778,357.
  • "England Births and Christenings, 1538-1975," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/JWMZ-R1M : accessed 14 October 2015), John Snow in entry for Mary Snow, 27 Oct 1686; citing Stockbridge, Hampshire, England, reference ; FHL microfilm 1,041,367.
  • "England Births and Christenings, 1538-1975," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/NKPB-B5Y : accessed 14 October 2015), John Snow in entry for Mary Snow, 24 Jun 1685; citing Stockbridge, Hampshire, England, reference ; FHL microfilm 1,041,367.
  • "England Births and Christenings, 1538-1975," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/NKPB-127 : accessed 14 October 2015), John Snow in entry for Elinor Snow, 29 Oct 1678; citing Stockbridge, Hampshire, England, reference ; FHL microfilm 1,041,367. (No Elinor Snow listed in bio)
  • "Massachusetts Births and Christenings, 1639-1915," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/FZDX-GY4 : accessed 14 October 2015), John Snow in entry for Phebe Snow, 27 Jun 1689; citing , EASTHAM, BARNSTABLE, MASSACHUSETTS, ; FHL microfilm 778,357.
  • "Stephen Hopkins MFIP". John D Austin (1989),
  • Library of Cape Cod History & Genealogy
  • Mayflower Families-Stephen Hopkins. John D Austin (1992).
  • Mayflower Marriages. Susan E. Roser. Genealogical Publishing Co., 1990
  • Eastham, Massachusetts, Vital Records
  • "The Great Migration Begins: immigrants to New England 1620-1633," by Robert Charles Anderson. Boston, Massachusetts: New England Historic Genealogical Society: 1995.
  • : December 2011 David Pane-Joyce, Pane-Joyce Genealogy.
  • Caleb H. Johnson, "The Mayflower and her passengers" (Indiana:Xlibris Corp., Caleb Johnson, 2006)
  • "Mayflower Families Through Five Generations", Volume six, "Hopkins", Published by General Society of Mayflower Descendants, 1992.
  • "Mayflower Descendants and Their Marriages" by John T. Landis;~~Mentioned in his father's will; NEGHR, multiple references.~~"Descendants of Edward Small" has his birth about 1638. Inventory of his estate was taken 4 Apr 1692.
  • "Nauset on Cape Cod: A History of Eastham," by Alice A. Lowe, Eastham Historical Society, Eastham, Massachusetts, 1968
  • "Pioneers of Massachusetts," by Charles Pope, says Mary Smalley [Snow] was born on 11 Dec. 1646 and baptised on 27 Feb. 1647. She was a twin with brother Isaac Smalley.
  • David Pane-Joyce, Pane-Joyce Genealogy - Smalley.
  • Constance Hopkins & Nicholas Snow - 17th Century Documents


Acknowledgments

  • Thank you to Kathleen Nelson for creating WikiTree profile Snow-1841 through the import of Kathys_Nelsons.ged on Jun 16, 2013. Click to the Changes page for the details of edits by Kathleen and others.
  • Thank you to Kathleen Nelson for creating WikiTree profile Snow-1846 through the import of Kathys_Nelsons.ged on Jun 16, 2013. Click to the Changes page for the details of edits by Kathleen and others.
  • Thanks to Chet Snow for additional research on this profile after adopting it as an "orphaned" profile due to John Snow being his direct paternal ancestor, September 1, 2014; April 5, 2015; and for merging with Snow-1857 on January 8, 2016, eliminating a duplicate, and on March 7, 2016, eliminating a mis-named duplicate.
  • Thanks to Jack Wise, for creating a John Snow profile, Friday, August 22, 2014, that was merged into Snow-48.
  • Thank you to Kathleen Squires for creating WikiTree profile Snow-1909 through the import of Snow.GED on Jun 25, 2013. Click to the Changes page for the details of edits by Kathleen and others.


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Collaboration

On August 8, 2014 at 17:27GMT Vic Watt wrote:

Snow-48 and Snow-2618 appear to represent the same person because: Merge of mother proposed. Please merge. Thanks.



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