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Deacon Edmund Rice

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Deacon Edmund Rice

Compiled by
Michael Lechner & Ted Harold Lechner

Biography

A work in progress. Lechner-18 14:01, 28 December 2012 (EST)

Edmund Rice was born about 1594, in Suffolk, England. His rough birth date of 1594 is reckoned from a 3 April 1656 court deposition in Massachusetts in which he stated that he was 62 years old. His likely birthplace, somewhere in Suffolk in East Anglia, is found through the town of his marriage and of his earliest children's birth. Many of the church records from 1594 in Suffolk are lost, so any record of his birth or the names of his parents or any of his forebears is unknown.

Thomasine (Tamazine) Frost was christened on 11 August 1600 in St. James Church, Stanstead, Suffolk, England. She was the daughter of Edward Frost and Thomasine Belgrave. On 15 October 1618, Thomasine, at age 18, married Edmund Rice, in St. Mary's Church, Bury, St Edmunds, Suffolk, England.

They lived in Stanstead, Suffolk, where four of their children were baptized at St. James Church: Mary, baptized 23 August 1619; Henry, baptized 13 February 1620/1; Edward, baptized 20 October 1622; Thomas, baptized 26 January 1625/6.

Having left Bury St. Edmunds, Suffolk, the family had arrived in Berkhamsted by 1626, based upon the baptismal dates of their children Thomas and Lydia. Edmund acquired 3 acres within a year, and was rated at 15 acres in 1637. In 1626, as a newcomer in town, Rice was named as a joint trustee along with Rev. Thomas Newman of a £50 grant for the benefit of the poor from King Charles I given on the occasion of his coronation. The following children were baptized at St. Peter's Church, Berkhamsted, Hertfordshire: Lydia, baptized 9 March 1627/8; Matthew, baptized 28 February 1628/9; Daniel, baptized 1 November 1632, died 10 November 1632 at Berkhamsted; Samuel, baptized 12 November 1634; Joseph, baptized 13 March 1637/8.

Note

Events, Notes & Sources

Edmund Rice.[1][2]
Edmond Rice.[3]
"Goodman Rice." [4]
Deacon Edmund Rice.


Edmund Rice was born about 1594,[5] in Suffolk, England.[6] His rough birth date of 1594 is reckoned from a 3 April 1656 court deposition in Massachusetts in which he stated that he was 62 years old.[7] His likely birthplace, somewhere in Suffolk in East Anglia, is found through the town of his marriage and of his earliest children's birth. Many of the church records from 1594 in Suffolk are lost, so any record of his birth or the names of his parents or any of his forebears is unknown.[8][9][10]

  • Edmund Rice's rough birth date of 1594 is reckoned from a 3 April 1656 court deposition in Massachusetts in which he stated that he was 62 years old. His likely birthplace, somewhere in Suffolk in East Anglia, is found through the town of his marriage and of his earliest children's birth. Many of the church records from 1594 in Suffolk are lost, so any record of his birth or the names of his parents or any of his forebears is unknown.[11][12][13]
  • He was born about 1594 according to a deposition which he made April 3, 1656, giving his age as sixty-two years.[14]
  • born c. 1594.[15]
  • born in Suffolk, England.[16][17]
  • Several internet-based genealogical sources claim royal ancestry of Edmund and his descendants. These claims of royal ancestry with connection to Wales and Buckinghamshire are most certainly in error. All these claims of royal ancestry have been traced to a 1911 book By the Name of Rice written and self-published by Charles Elmer Rice of Alliance, Ohio.[18][19]
  • Edmund Rice had a presumed brother, Henry, who married Elizabeth Frost (sister of Edmund's wife Thomasine) on 12 November 1605 at St. James Church, Stanstead, Suffolk.[20][21]
  • Repeated attempts to find record of Edmund Rice's birth or the birth of his presumed brother Henry in church or civil records of the Stanstead, Sudbury, Haverhill, and Bury St. Edmunds region of Suffolk have not been successful.[22][23]

Thomasine (Tamazine[24]) Frost was christened on 11 August 1600 in St. James Church, Stanstead, Suffolk, England.[25][26] She was the daughter of Edward Frost and Thomasine Belgrave.[27] On 15 October 1618, Thomasine, at age 18, married Edmund Rice, in St. Mary's Church, Bury, St Edmunds, Suffolk, England.[28][29][30]

  • Thomasine Frost was christened on 11 August 1600,[31] in St. James, Stanstead, Suffolk, England.[32][33] She was the daughter of Edward Frost and Thomasine Belgrave.[34] On 15 October 1618 Thomasine, at age 18, married Deacon Edmund Rice, in St. Mary's Church, Bury, St Edmunds, Suffolk, England.[35]
  • Birth Abt Aug 1600 Stanstead, Suffolk, England
  • Christening 11 Aug 1600 Stanstead, Suffolk, EnglandSaint James parish.[36]
  • Thomasine Frost (1600–1654).[37][38]
  • 15 October 1618, Edmund Rice was married to Thomasine (Tamazine) Frost in St. Mary's Church, Bury St. Edmunds, Suffolk, England.
  • 15 October 1618 in St. Mary's Church, Bury St. Edmunds, Suffolk, England.[39][40]
  • Tamazine[41]

They lived in Stanstead, Suffolk, where four of their children were baptized at St. James Church: Mary, baptized 23 August 1619; Henry, baptized 13 February 1620/1; Edward, baptized 20 October 1622; Thomas, baptized 26 January 1625/6.

  • 1. Mary Rice, baptized 23 August 1619 at St. James Church Stanstead, Suffolk, England (possibly =Mary Axtell, married John Maynard 16 June 1646 after death of first husband Thomas Axtell that year at Sudbury, MA).[45][46]
    • Further circumstantial evidence for Mary Axtell Maynard being the daughter of Edmund Rice beyond those presented by Marilyn Axtell Cheney (1988)[47][48] includes the fact that the three children of Thomas and Mary Axtell were named Mary (1639-1704), Henry (1641-1676) and Lydia (1644-1717), all matching in names of Edmund's children from the previous generation, with two of these children (Mary & Henry) born in Berkhamsted prior to the 1643 Axtell immigration to Sudbury, and with Lydia born one year before the marriage of her presumed aunt Lydia Rice to Hugh Drury in Sudbury.[49]
  • 2. Henry Rice, baptized 13 February 1620 O.S./1621 N.S. at St. James Church, Stanstead, Suffolk, died 10 February 1710/11 at Framingham, married Elizabeth Moore 1 February 1643/44.[50][51][52]
  • 3. Edward Rice, baptized 20 October 1622 at St. James Church, Stanstead, Suffolk, died 15 August 1712 at Marlborough, MA, married Agnes Bent in 1646.[53]
  • 4. Thomas Rice, baptized 26 January 1625/26 at St. James Church, Stanstead, Suffolk, died 16 November 1681 at Sudbury, MA, married Mary King 1652.[54]

Having left Bury St. Edmunds, Suffolk, the family had arrived in Berkhamsted by 1626, based upon the baptismal dates of their children Thomas and Lydia. Edmund acquired 3 acres within a year, and was rated at 15 acres in 1637. In 1626, as a newcomer in town, Rice was named as a joint trustee along with Rev. Thomas Newman of a £50 grant for the benefit of the poor from King Charles I given on the occasion of his coronation. The following children were baptized at St. Peter's Church, Berkhamsted, Hertfordshire: Lydia, baptized 9 March 1627/8; Matthew, baptized 28 February 1628/9; Daniel, baptized 1 November 1632, died 10 November 1632 at Berkhamsted; Samuel, baptized 12 November 1634; Joseph, baptized 13 March 1637/8.

  • 1626, moved from Stanstead to Berkhamsted.
  • Having left Bury St. Edmunds, Suffolk, he had arrived in Berkhamsted by 1626, acquired 3 acres within a year, and was rated at 15 acres in 1637.[55]
  • He moved from Stanstead to Berkhamsted sometime in 1626, based upon the baptismal dates of his children Thomas and Lydia.[56]
  • Having left Bury St. Edmunds, Suffolk, he had arrived in Berkhamsted by 1626, acquired 3 acres within a year, and was rated at 15 acres in 1637.[57]
  • 1626, as a newcomer in town, Rice was named as a joint trustee along with Rev. Thomas Newman of a £50 grant for the benefit of the poor from King Charles I given on the occasion of his coronation.[61][62][63]
  • 5. Lydia Rice, baptized 9 March 1627/28 at St. Peter's Church, Berkhamsted, Hertfordshire, died 5 April 1675, at Boston, MA, married Hugh Drury 1645.[64]
  • 6. Matthew Rice, baptized 28 February 1628/29 at St. Peter's Church, Berkhamsted, died 1717 at Sudbury, MA, married Martha Lamson 2 November 1654.
  • 7. Daniel Rice, baptized 1 November 1632 at St. Peter's Church, Berkhamsted, died 10 November 1632 at Berkhamsted.
  • 8. Samuel Rice, baptized 12 November 1634 at St. Peter's Church, Berkhamsted, died 25 February 1684/85 at Marlborough, MA, married (1) Elizabeth King 8 November 1655, (2) Mary Dix September 1668, and (3) Sarah White 13 December 1676.[65]
  • 9. Joseph Rice, baptized 13 March 1637/38, at St. Peter's Church, Berkhamsted, died 23 December 1711 at Stow, MA, married (1) Mercy King 4 May 1658, (2) Mary Beers in 1670, and (3) Sarah Prescott on 22 February 1677/78.[66]
  • was rated at 15 acres in 1637.[67]
  • An early immigrant to Massachusetts Bay Colony.[68][69][70]
    • Edmund Rice came from Barkhamstead, Hertfordshire, England, and settled in Sudbury in 1639.[71]
    • Neither record nor tradition has been found of the place of embarkation to this country of Edmund Rice, nor is there anything known of the ship he came in or at what place he first arrived. He is first found at Sudbury, Massachusetts, and became the head of a numerous and scattered progeny.[72]
    • He came to this country from Barkhamstead Hertfordshire Eng.[73]
    • Sailed with his kin to America.[74][75][76]
    • He probably came to America early in 1638.[77]
    • Landed in the Massachusetts Bay Colony in summer or fall of 1638.[78][79][80]
    • There is no surviving record of Edmund Rice's voyage to America with his family, but it is known to have occurred between the 13 March 1638 baptism of his son Joseph in Berkhamsted and the petition to the Great and General Court to found Sudbury, Massachusetts 6 September 1638, showing all the Sudbury founders residing in Watertown, MA.[81] However, the 1638 petition to the General Court to found Sudbury did not explicitly mention Rice's name, so there is in actuality poor documentation of Rice's presumed short-term residence in Watertown. The first documented record of his presence in Massachusetts is in Township Book of the Town of Sudbury in the year 1639.[82][83]
    • Deacon Edmund Rice came from Barkhamstead in the county of Hertford, England, and settled in Sudbury, Masachusetts, in 1638 or 1639: as he shared in the three divisions of land in Sudbury, the first of which was made in 1639, he was without doubt a resident there at that time. He first appears in Sudbury with a wife and a family of at least seven children, who came over with him.[84]
    • It is possible to estimate the cost of passage of Edmund and his family to America based upon other families of comparable size traveling at that time. According to Powell (1963), Edmund's Sudbury town mate, Peter Noyes and his family sailed from England aboard the ship Jonathan on 12 April 1639 in a party consisting of 10 people along with provisions and family effects. The bill of passage was £76.8.0. [85][86]
    • Edmund Rice came from Barkhamstead, in the county of Hertfordshire, in England, and settled in Sudbury, Mass., in 1638 or 9; as he shared in the three divisions of land in Sudbury, the first of which was made in 1639, he was no doubt residing there at that time.[87]
    • No record has been found of his embarkation for this country, nor in what ship he came, or at what place he first arrived; there is not so much as tradition on the subject. The first we find of him is at Sudbury, with a wife and family of at least seven children that came over with him; that place, called "the plantation lying near unto Concord," was incorporated in 1639 by the name of Sudbury. His residence was on the east side of Sudbury river, in the southerly part of what is now Wayland, and near the border of the extensive meadows through which that river flows in a northeasterly course to the Merrimac.[88]
  • Thought to be first living in the town of Watertown, Massachusetts.[89][90][91]
  • 1638, a founder of Sudbury.[92][93][94]
    • Mr Rice was one of the substantial men of the Sudbury plantation.[95]
    • Mr Rice was a prominent man in the settlement(Sudbury).[96]
    • He was a prominent man in Sudbury.[97]
    • Served in town politics as a selectman and judge.[98][99][100]
    • He was one of the selectmen.[101]
    • The Rice family in Sudbury have been numerous and the name has been frequently mentioned on the town books.[102]
    • From the town records we have compiled the following list of the early grantees or settlers, who went to the Sudbury Plantation about 1638 or 1639: Edmond Rice, Henry Rice, ... [103]
  • He became one of the best known and most influential settlers of Sudbury. He was proprietor and selectman in 1639 and was probably there in the early part of the preceding year. His village plot in Sudbury, now Wayland, was laid out in the fall of 1639, and he was one of the first to build a house. The lot was on old North street near the Mill brook.[104]
    • He settled in Sudbury, and was a proprietor and selectman there in 1639. The village plot of Sudbury, now Wayland, was laid out in the fall, and he was one of the first to build his house there. His house lot was on Old North street, near Mill Brook. He received his share in the river meadows divided September 4, 1639, April 20 and November 18, 1640, and shared also in all the various divisions of uplands and common lands, receiving altogether two hundred and forty-seven acres. He built a second house in the south part of the town between Timber Neck and the Glover farm, near the spring.[105]
    • Between 1638 and 1657, Rice resided in Sudbury where he became a leader in the community. He was appointed on 4 September 1639 by the General Court to lay out the roads and lots of Sudbury, and he was granted 4 acres of land near the original Sudbury meetinghouse. He served as a selectman in Sudbury in 1639 and subsequently for several years between 1644 and 1656. He was designated a freeman on 13 May 1640,[106] and was elected as a deputy (representative) of the Great and General Court in October 1640. He was later appointed as a Judge of Small Causes by the Massachusetts General Court for the Sudbury district on 2 June 1641.[107] Sumner Chilton Powell wrote, in his 1964 Pulitzer Prize winning Puritan Village: The Formation of a New England Town, "Not only did Rice become the largest individual landholder in Sudbury, but he represented his new town in the Massachusetts legislature for five years and devoted at least eleven of his last fifteen years to serving as selectman and judge of small causes." [108][109]
    • He was honored with several appointments by the General Court and denominated therein as "Goodman Rice".[110]
    • He was on a committee to apportion the meadows, September 4, 1639.[111]
  • He early owned lands in and out of the town (Sudbury) some of which came by grant of the General Court.[113]
  • His first dwelling place at Sudbury was on the old north street.[114]
  • 4 September 1639, appointed by the General Court to lay out the roads and lots of Sudbury.[115]
    • One of the committee appointed by the Colonial Court Sept 4 1639 to apportion land (in Sudbury) to the inhabitants.[116]
  • Granted 4 acres of land near the original Sudbury meetinghouse.
    • He received his share of the meadow land September 4, 1639, April 20, 1640, and November 18, 1640, amounting in all to forty-three and three-fourths acres.[117]
  • 1639, served as a selectman in Sudbury and subsequently for several years between 1644 and 1656.[118][119]
    • He served as selectman from 1639 to 1644.[120][121]
  • 13 May 1640, designated a freeman.
  • 10. Benjamin Rice, born 31 May 1640 at Sudbury, MA, died 19 December 1713 at Sudbury, MA, married (1) Mary Browne on 2 June 1661, and (2) Mary Chamberlain in 1 April 1691.
  • October 1640, elected as a deputy (representative) of the Great and General Court.
    • Served five years as a member of the Great and General Court, the combined colonial legislature and judicial court of Massachusetts.[124][125][126]
    • He was deputy to the General Court several successive years.[127]
  • 2 June 1641, appointed as a Judge of Small Causes by the Massachusetts General Court for the Sudbury district.
  • He sold his home farm to John Moore, September 1, 1642.[128]
    • 1 September 1642, sold his 4 acres of land and homestead near the Sudbury meetinghouse to John Moore.[129]
    • Sept. 1, 1642, he sold this place (his first dwelling place at Sudbury) to John Moore.[130][131]
    • After selling his 4 acres of land and homestead near the Sudbury meetinghouse on 1 September 1642 to John Moore,[132]
  • September 13 of the same year(1642) took a six year lease of the Dunster farm on the west shore of Lake Cochituate.[133]
    • 13 September 1642, established his residence on land leased from Henry Dunster near the Old Connecticut Path in southeastern Sudbury.[134]
    • Sept. 13, 1642 leased for six years the Dunster Farm which lay just east of Cochituate Pond.[135][136][137]
    • Rice established his residence on 13 September 1642 on land leased from Henry Dunster near the Old Connecticut Path in southeastern Sudbury.[138][139]
    • The Dunster Farm was leased for six years, to Edmund Rice Sept 13 1642 for 30 bushels of corn per year the first two years; 50 bushels per year the next two years; and 100 bushels the last two years, in equal proportions of wheat, indian and rye; and, as the "Pond Farm," was conveyed, June 24, 1659, to Edmund Rice and his son Benjamin, by Joseph Hills, Edward Collins and Edmund Frost, executors of President Dunster's will. Middlesex Deeds.[140][141]
  • He shared also in all the divisions of uplands and common lands until his holdings amounted to two hundred and forty-seven acres. He had eleven acres in the south part of the town between Timber Neck and Mr Glover's farm. This lay near the spring and he sold a part of it to Thomas Axtell and a part to Philemon Whale, both of whom built houses there.[142]
    • Within a year, Philemon Whale and Thomas Axtell, former town mates (and probably kin) from Berkhamstead, England established their homesteads on adjacent lots nearby.[143][144][145]
    • In October 1643 Rice sold Philemon Whale 9 acres of land and a house near the Old Connecticut Path in southern Sudbury and also that same month he sold 6 acres of adjacent land to Thomas Axtell. But only three years later in 1646, Rice purchased back the land from the Axtell estate, pledging to care for the "widow Axtell."[146]
  • In November 1643, he bought land of the Widow Axtell between Philemon Whale's place and his own at Rice's Spring. Later he also bought Philemon Whale's house and nine acres of land adjoining his own. These various purchases formed the nucleus of the old Rice homestead, which remained in part in the hands of his descendants until a recent date.[147]
  • He was Selectman in 1644, and subsequent years.[148]
  • 1646, Rice purchased back the land from the Axtell estate, pledging to care for the "widow Axtell."[150]
    • He bought of the widow Mary Axdcll six acres of land and her dwelling house which were in the south part of the town.[151]
  • He bought of Philemon Whale his house and nine acres of land near the spring and adjacent to the Axdell place.[152]
  • September 29, 1647, he leased for a term of ten years of President Dunster of Harvard College, guardian for the Glover heirs, what was known as the Glover farm. By the terms of the lease he was to erect a house on the place and a barn fifty feet long. These buildings, it is supposed, were located near Dudley Pond, and on that part of the Glover farm which by an adjustment of the town bounds in 1700 came into the town of Wayland.[153]
    • On Sept. 26, 1647, Mr Rice leased the "Glover Farm" for ten years.[154][155]
    • Sept. 29, 1647, John Glover, then of Harvard College, and President Dunster, his guardian, leased for ten years, to Edmund Rice, the whole farm of said J. Glover, "lying W. on said H. Dunster's land, severed by Sudbury line, and so on to Cochittuate Brooke, wherewith it is bounded southerly, as with the two Ponds." By the terms of the lease, Edmund Rice contracted to make a fence between the two farms of J. Glover and H. Dunster, easterly, "and so all the lands encompassed eyther by the foresaid brook or the Great River, westerly;" and also to keep in good repair "the fences already on the farme between the Great Pond and the River." It was further required of him to build on the premises, "during the first five or six years," a dwelling-house, "thirty foote long, ten foote high stud, one foot sill from the ground, sixteen foote wide;" with two rooms, both below or the one above the other; "All the doores well hanged, and staires with convenient fastnings of locks or bolts, windows, glases, and well planked under foote, and boarded sufficiently to lay come in in the story above head." He was also to build a barn "fifty foote long, eleven feet high in the stud, one foote above ground the sell twenty foote, if no leantes, or eighteen foote wide with leantees on the one side, and a convenient threshing-floare between the doares." The particulars of this transaction are the more worthy of notice, as connected with the first known occupation of the town by English settlers, dating, as will be seen, at a very early period. The tract above described was situated in the region, in ancient papers called Cochituate - the name being applied both to the great pond and to its neighboring territory.[156]
  • In 1648, Rice was ordained as a Deacon in the Puritan Church at Sudbury.[157][158][159][160]
    • He was a deacon of the church.[161]
    • He was appointed to solemnize marriages in Marborough.[162]
    • deacon of the church, 1648.[163]
  • 1652, the general court gave him fifty acres at Rice's End.[164][165]
    • In 1652, Edmund Rice had from the General Court a grant of 50 acres, lying a mile southerly from Cochituate Brook, or thereabouts, deeds of which tract are in the possession of his descendants in this town. In 1659, he obtained from the same source a grant of 80 acres on the "S. side of the path leading from Sudbury to Connecticut, about six miles from Sudbury." These tracts, to which large additions were afterwards made, were in that part of the town to the N.E., where the descendants of the family have continued to reside unto the present day.[166][167]
  • He was reelected as a deputy of the Massachusetts General Court in 1652 through 1654.[168]
    • deputy to the general court, 1654.[169]
  • Thomasine Frost Rice died on 13 June 1654 in Sudbury, MA
    • His wife "Tamazine" died at Sudbury, June 13, 1654.[170]
    • Tamazine died at Sudbury where she was buried June 18 1654.[171]
    • Tamazin __________ died June 13, 1654.[172]
    • "Tamazine," wife of Edmund Rice, died in Sudbury, June 13, 1654; the record of her death is the only one wherein her name has been found.[173]
  • Tamazine was buried June 18 1654, at Sudbury.
  • March 1 1655, he married Mercie (Hurd) Brigham, widow of Thomas Brigham of Cambridge.
    • Edmund Rice married (second) March 1, 1655, "Mercie," widow of Thomas Brigham, of Cambridge. She survived Mr. Rice and married (third) William Hunt, of Marlborough, "Oct. or Nov." 1664. She died December 28, 1693. The children of Edmund Rice, the first nine by the first wife, were Henry, Edward, Thomas, Matthew, Samuel, Joseph, Lydia, Edmund, Benjamin, Ruth and Ann.[174]
    • His 2d wife was "Mercie," wid. of Thomas Brigham of Cambridge; whom he married, March 1, 1655.[175]
    • His second wife whom he married March 1 1655 was Mercie (Hurd) Brigham, widow of Thomas Brigham of Cambridge.[176][177]
    • After the death of Thomasine Frost Rice on 13 June 1654 in Sudbury, MA, Edmund Rice married Mercy Brigham (ca1618-1693) on 1 March 1655 in Sudbury, MA. Mercy Brigham was the widow of Thomas Brigham (1603–1653).[178] This marriage began the long association between the Rice and Brigham families. The maiden name of Mercy Brigham, often cited as Hurd, is uncertain due to lack of any primary documentation.[179][180]
  • The issue of land tenure was highly contentious in 17th Century Massachusetts Bay Colony and in Sudbury in particular.[183] Open field or communal farming was practiced in most of Sudbury, following traditions of the commons and governance practices brought from central and western England during the early 17th Century. Rice and twelve other dissenters from Sudbury who were interested in 'closed field' or owner-operator farming as it was practiced in southeastern England petitioned the Great and General Court in 1656 to create the town of Marlborough where individual ownership of farmland was to be exclusively practiced.[184] The tract of land was 8 square miles west of Sudbury that, in addition to becoming Marlborough, eventually became Northborough, Westborough, Southborough, and Hudson as well.[185] Rice was elected as selectman of Marlborough in 1657 as the town was being established.[186] The town was formally chartered on 12 June 1660 by the General Court. Upon being granted a maximum allotment of 50 acres of land in Marlborough, Rice was one of the three largest initial landholders of the new town.[187][188] According to Powell (1963) the founding of Marlborough with exclusive closed-field land tenure was a seminal event in establishing the predominant freehold or fee simple land tenure system of America.[189]

In 1656, he was one of thirteen petitioners belonging to Sudbury, who besought the General Court for a new plantation, saying,
"Whereas your petitioners have lived divers years in Sudbury, and God hath been pleased to increase our children, which are now, divers of them, grown to man's estate, and wee, many of us grown into years, so as that wee should bee glad to see them settled before the Lord take us away from hence; as also God having given us some considerable quantity of cattle, so that wee are so straightened, that wee cannot so comfortably subsist as could be desired; and some of us having taken some pains to view the country, wee have found a place, which lieth Westward about eight miles from Sudbury, which wee conceive might bee comfortable for our subsistence," &c.
Sudbury at that time contained less than seventy-five families, and in territory included what is now Wayland. One would naturally think they were "straightened" for the want of neighbors, rather than for want of room for themselves, or meadows wherefrom to procure subsistence for their cattle; and so they found it, even twenty years later, when the town, with an increased population, was broken up and nearly destroyed by the Indians. Their petition was granted, and the plantation laid to them was incorporated by the name of Marlborough in 1660; whereto he removed and had a house lot of fifty acres granted to him by the proprietors of that town, with the rights appertaining thereto in after divisions.[190]

  • He was prominent in the settlement of Marlboro for which he was a petitioner in 1656.[191]
    • He was one of the petitioners for the grant which, afterwards became Marlborough; and, he moved there.[192]
    • He was one of the original petitioners for the Marlborough grant in 1656.[193]
    • 1656, was one of the thirteen petitioners for the founding of Marlborough.[194][195][196]
  • 11. Lydia Rice, born circa 1657 at Sudbury, MA, died 26 May 1718, married James Hawkins circa 1678.
  • April 8 1657 he purchased the Jennison Farm which comprised two hundred acres situated by the town's southerly boundary and between the Dunster Farm and what is now Weston and June 24 1659 the Dunster Farm was purchased by Mr Rice and his son.[197][198]
    • Jennison, William, referred to in the preceding Register, was of "Colchester, O. England," April 8, 1657, when his br. Robert, as his attorney, conveyed to Edmund Rice, 200 ac. (before granted by the Gen. Court to Wm.) bounded W. by the Dunster farm; N. by Sud. line; E. by Wat. line; S. near Dedham bounds.[199]
    • Edmund Rice bought the Jennison farm of two hundred acres extending from the Dunster farm to the Weston line, and on this tract some of his descendants still live. He and his son bought the Dunster farm, June 24, 1659. Besides these and others grants and purchases he received from the general court fifty acres at Rice's End in 1652, and eighty acres near Beaver Dam in 1659 in Framingham.[200]
  • Rice was reelected as selectman in Marlborough every year after 1657 until his death.[201][202]
  • June 24, 1659, he and his son bought the Dunster farm.[203]
  • 1659, the general court gave him eighty acres near Beaver Dam.[204]
  • by 1659, Rice had acquired about 600 acres of land in southeastern Sudbury (present day Wayland and Cochituate), including nine acres of land and the homestead purchased back from Philemon Whale (see image of the homestead), and the probated estate of Henry Dunster.[205][206][207]
  • 12. Ruth Rice, born 29 September 1659 at Marlborough, MA, died 30 March 1742 at Glastonbury, Connecticut, married Capt. Samuel Welles, grandson of Thomas Welles on 20 June 1683.[208]
  • Removed to Marlborough in 1660.[209]
  • His house lot in Marlboro', on which he built and resided, was in the westerly part of the town, on the old county road leading from Marlboro' to Northboro', and in the bend as it passes round the northerly side of the pond, a short distance northerly of the ancient "Williams tavern," afterwards kept by Gates and since by Wetherby.[210]
    • He took up his abode on what is called "The Great Road", on the northerly side of the pond, not far from the Williams Tavern.[211]
  • He was intrusted with various important duties by the General Court, which he discharged with a fidelity that occasioned repeated calls for his services, while the records of Sudbury and Marlboro' contain ample evidence of his vigilant and fatherly care in promoting the welfare of those infant settlements; the destruction of which by the Indians, occurring a few years after, he was not permitted to see by reason of death.[212]
  • Deacon Edmund Rice died 3 May 1663 in Marlborough, Massachusetts.
    • He died at Marlborough, May 3, 1663, aged sixty-nine years. The inventory of Edmund Rice, of Marlborough, taken May 15, 1663, by Thomas King, John Woods and John Stone, amounted to £566 house etc., £170; another inventory of the same date taken by William Ward, Thomas Loring, John Woods and John Stone, enumerates property amounting to £743.8 4. Whether these two inventories refer to the same property or not is uncertain, but as Edmund Rice had property in both Sudbury and Marlborough the inventories may refer to different properties.[213]
    • Deacon Edmund Rice died 3 May 1663.[214]
    • died 3 May 1663.[215][216][217][218]
    • Edmund Rice died on 3 May 1663 in Marlborough, Massachusetts, and is presumed to be buried at the Old North Cemetery (site of the first Sudbury Meeting House) in what is now Wayland, Massachusetts. Probate records show that his wife, Mercy, was executrix and that his estate including lands and homes in both Sudbury and Marlborough was valued at £743, 8s, & 4p, which was a considerable sum for the time.[219][220][221][222]
    • Mr Rice died May 3 1663 at Marlboro aged about sixty nine and was buried in Sudbury.[223] His widow married William Hunt of Marlboro.[224]
    • He died at Marlboro', May 3, 1663, and was buried at Sudbury. A deposition of his on the court files at Cambridge states his age, April 3, 1656, to be "about 62 years" - hence he was born about 1594, and about 69 years old when he died.[225]
  • The old Rice homestead not far from the Five Paths Way land. This old homestead remained in the Rice family for generations Edmund sold it to Edmund his son who passed it to his sons John and Edmund and afterwards John transferred his share of it to his brother Edmund by whom it passed to others of the family who occupied it till within the last half century (1889).[226]

Family

Edmund Rice was married to

  • Birth Abt Aug 1600 Stanstead, Suffolk, England
    • Christening 11 Aug 1600 Stanstead, Suffolk, EnglandSaint James parish.[230]
    • Marriage 15 OCT 1618 Bury St. Edmunds, Suffolk, EnglandSt. Mary's Parish to Edmund Rice
    • Thomasine Frost was christened on 11 August 1600 in St. James, Stanstead, Suffolk, England.[231][232] She was the daughter of Edward Frost and Thomasine Belgrave.[233] On 15 October 1618 Thomasine, at age 18, married Deacon Edmund Rice, in St. Mary's Church, Bury, St Edmunds, Suffolk, England.[234]
  • 15 October 1618 in St. Mary's Church, Bury St. Edmunds, Suffolk, England.[235][236]

Children:

1. Mary Rice, baptized 23 August 1619 at St. James Church Stanstead, Suffolk, England (possibly =Mary Axtell, married John Maynard 16 June 1646 after death of first husband Thomas Axtell that year at Sudbury, MA).[237][238]
    • Further circumstantial evidence for Mary Axtell Maynard being the daughter of Edmund Rice beyond those presented by Marilyn Axtell Cheney (1988)[239][240] includes the fact that the three children of Thomas and Mary Axtell were named Mary (1639-1704), Henry (1641-1676) and Lydia (1644-1717), all matching in names of Edmund's children from the previous generation, with two of these children (Mary & Henry) born in Berkhamsted prior to the 1643 Axtell immigration to Sudbury, and with Lydia born one year before the marriage of her presumed aunt Lydia Rice to Hugh Drury in Sudbury.[241]
2. Henry Rice, baptized 13 February 1620 O.S./1621 N.S. at St. James Church, Stanstead, Suffolk, died 10 February 1710/11 at Framingham, married Elizabeth Moore 1 February 1643/44.[242][243][244]
3. Edward Rice, baptized 20 October 1622 at St. James Church, Stanstead, Suffolk, died 15 August 1712 at Marlborough, MA, married Agnes Bent in 1646.[245]
4. Thomas Rice, baptized 26 January 1625/26 at St. James Church, Stanstead, Suffolk, died 16 November 1681 at Sudbury, MA, married Mary King 1652.[246]
5. Lydia Rice, baptized 9 March 1627/28 at St. Peter's Church, Berkhamsted, Hertfordshire, died 5 April 1675, at Boston, MA, married Hugh Drury 1645.[247]
6. Matthew Rice, baptized 28 February 1628/29 at St. Peter's Church, Berkhamsted, died 1717 at Sudbury, MA, married Martha Lamson 2 November 1654.
7. Daniel Rice, baptized 1 November 1632 at St. Peter's Church, Berkhamsted, died 10 November 1632 at Berkhamsted.
8. Samuel Rice, baptized 12 November 1634 at St. Peter's Church, Berkhamsted, died 25 February 1684/85 at Marlborough, MA, married (1) Elizabeth King 8 November 1655, (2) Mary Dix September 1668, and (3) Sarah White 13 December 1676.[248]
9. Joseph Rice, baptized 13 March 1637/38, at St. Peter's Church, Berkhamsted, died 23 December 1711 at Stow, MA, married (1) Mercy King 4 May 1658, (2) Mary Beers in 1670, and (3) Sarah Prescott on 22 February 1677/78.[249]
10. Benjamin Rice, born 31 May 1640 at Sudbury, MA, died 19 December 1713 at Sudbury, MA, married (1) Mary Browne on 2 June 1661, and (2) Mary Chamberlain in 1 April 1691.
  • Tamazine died at Sudbury where she was buried June 18 1654.[250]
    • Tamazin __________ died June 13, 1654.[251]
    • "Tamazine," wife of Edmund Rice, died in Sudbury, June 13, 1654; the record of her death is the only one wherein her name has been found.[252]
    • His wife "Tamazine" died at Sudbury, June 13, 1654.[253]

Edmund Rice married (second) March 1, 1655, "Mercie," widow of Thomas Brigham, of Cambridge. She survived Mr. Rice and married (third) William Hunt, of Marlborough, "Oct. or Nov." 1664. She died December 28, 1693. The children of Edmund Rice, the first nine by the first wife, were Henry, Edward, Thomas, Matthew, Samuel, Joseph, Lydia, Edmund, Benjamin, Ruth and Ann.[254]

His 2d wife was "Mercie," wid. of Thomas Brigham of Cambridge; whom he married, March 1, 1655.[255]

His second wife whom he married March 1 1655 was Mercie (Hurd) Brigham, widow of Thomas Brigham of Cambridge.[256][257]

After the death of Thomasine Frost Rice on 13 June 1654 in Sudbury, MA, Edmund Rice married Mercy Brigham (ca1618-1693) on 1 March 1655 in Sudbury, MA. Mercy Brigham was the widow of Thomas Brigham (1603–1653).[258] This marriage began the long association between the Rice and Brigham families. The maiden name of Mercy Brigham, often cited as Hurd, is uncertain due to lack of any primary documentation.[259][260] Two daughters were born to Edmund and Mercy Rice as follows:

11. Lydia Rice, born circa 1657 at Sudbury, MA, died 26 May 1718, married James Hawkins circa 1678.
12. Ruth Rice, born 29 September 1659 at Marlborough, MA, died 30 March 1742 at Glastonbury, Connecticut, married Capt. Samuel Welles, grandson of Thomas Welles on 20 June 1683.[261]

Notes:

He had twelve children nine of whom were born in England and the others in Sudbury.[262]

Notes

The English Pound

During Edmund’s time, the English pound was by definition valued at the price of sterling silver. During the 17th and 18th Centuries, the price of silver was relatively stable at about $300 per troy ounce in 2010 dollars.[263] Given the conversion factors of 12 troy ounces to a pound, and 20 shillings to a pound and 12 pence to a shilling, Edmund’s probate inventory (mostly his land holdings) valued at £743, 8s, & 4p would be worth about US$2.67 million today.[264]

Thomas Newman

Rev. Thomas Newman served as rector of St. Peter's Church in Berkhamsted for over 40 years (1598-1639) and served for a time as a Chief Burgess of Berkhamsted and mayor in 1631.[265] According to parish records Newman was the second husband of Bridget (Dryden) Marbury, who was mother of Anne Marbury Hutchinson by way of her first husband Francis Marbury.[266] Despite being a staunch Anglican, by 1645 Newman fell into political disfavor by being barred from the rectory of St. Peter's by Act of Parliament for a payment delinquency.[267] As a result of a royal inquisition held on 1 April 1634, funds remaining in the custody of Rice and Newman were to be transferred to the bailiff and burgesses of Berkhamsted as part of an effort to consolidate several royal charity grants for administration under civil authority.[268] Documents regarding the royal grant and the transfer of funds to civil officials never refer to Edmund Rice as "Mr. Rice" as was customary for men of high status. In Berkhamsted, Edmund was considered an ordinary yeoman farmer. While living in Berkhamsted, Rice acquired and was taxed on 3 acres of land in 1627, and on 15 acres from 1633 to 1637.[269][270]

John Moore

John Moore (1602-1673) was the father of Elizabeth Moore (ca1628-1705), who married Edmund's eldest son Henry on 1 February 1642 in Sudbury.[271]

Philemon Whale

Philemon Whale (1599-1676) was married on 24 January 1621/22 at St. Mary's Church, Bury St. Edmunds to Elizabeth (Frost) Rice, sister of Edmund Rice's wife Thomasine and widow to Edmund's presumed brother Henry Rice.[272] Whale and his wife Elizabeth arrived in Sudbury in 1643 from Berkhamsted, the same year that Thomas and Mary Axtell (possibly Edmund's eldest daughter) arrived from the same town.[273]

According to Sudbury Land Records dated 23 October 1643, "Philemon Whale bought of Edmund Rice 9 acres of upland be the same more or less lyinge on the south syde of the towne bound of Sudbury between the lande of John Hayme on the south side of it and ioyninge to the springe runninge from his new dwelling house to the river on the west side of it."[274]

John Brewer

John Brewer, son of John and Anne was born in Sudbury 10 Oct., 1642, died 1 Jan., 1690, married Elizabeth, daughter of Henry Rice eldest son of Deacon Edmund Rice, who was one of the earliest proprietors of Marlboro, and owned land in the eastern part of Sudbury; probably settled there about 1691. The son Henry married in Sudbury 1 Nov. 1643, Elizabeth Moore, daughter of John Moore and Elizabeth Whale Moore of Sudbury.[275]

Sources

External links

  • Charles Elmer Rice, president of the Union Theological Seminary of Alliance, Ohio. Several internet-based genealogical sources claim royal ancestry of Edmund and his descendants. These claims of royal ancestry with connection to Wales and Buckinghamshire are most certainly in error. All these claims of royal ancestry have been traced to a 1911 book By the Name of Rice written and self-published by Charles Elmer Rice.[282]

Citations

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  2. William Richard Cutter, "Genealogical and personal memoirs", Genealogical Publishing Com., 1908. (Google eBook), pg 598, pg 599. #Lechner
  3. Alfred Sereno Hudson, "The History of Sudbury, Massachusetts. 1638-1889", R. H. Blodgett, 1889 - 660 pages, page 26. #Lechner
  4. #S28 Dee Christophel D'Errico, "Descendants of John Howe," citing: Charles Hudson, "History of the Town of Marborough," [Publisher, Date], Questionable quality. Page 431. #Errico
  5. Alfred Sereno Hudson, "The History of Sudbury, Massachusetts. 1638-1889", R. H. Blodgett, 1889 - 660 pages, page 41. #Lechner
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  9. Holman, Mary Lovering. (1934). English notes on Edmund Rice. The American Genealogist 10:133-137. #Lechner
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Signature of Edmund Rice
Signature of Edmund Rice

on a land survey record of his estate map 1659 Comments: 3. WikiTree Popularity: 2.


 


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