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Whitten Name Study

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Surnames/tags: Whitten Whitton Whidden
Profile manager: Chris Whitten private message [send private message]
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Categories: Surnames | Whitten Name Study | One Name Studies | DNA Projects | Nominated Profiles.


Whitten One Name Study

The mission of the project is to add and improve profiles of all Whittens. Project members take primary responsibility for relevant profiles or family groups and work on merging duplicates, cleaning up profiles, adding sources, removing incorrect information and offering research assistance as needed.

Contents

Adding Project Template

If you would like, you may add a project template to each profile included in your study. This will help raise awareness of your study & may increase collaboration. To add a Whitten Name Study Location, change the second category to match the location of the birth of your Whitten Proflie. If you do not want a location category remove the second category line. The code is:
{{Project Box
| category = Whitten_Name_Study
| category = Maine Whitten Name Study
| image = Photos_Experiments.gif
| image-caption = Whitten Name Study
| description = This profile is part of the Whitten One Name Study
| project = One Name Studies}}

Meaning of Last Name 'Whitton'

The last name Whitten comes from a more common alternate spelling: Whitton. Its first recorded use as a surname seems to be in 1165. It was used to refer to someone from an area called Whitton in Morebattle in the Scotland border area.

The area name itself comes from the Old English words "Hwita" or "Whit" (i.e. the color white, which was used as a personal name) and the suffix "ten" or "ton" or "tun" (i.e., a settlement or town). Therefore, the name could be roughly translated as "someone from Hwita's settlement" or "a person from White's town".

Derivations

"In the early records (of the US) the surname Whitten is spelled Wheeton. Whetton, Wheeden, Whiten, Whiton, Whiting. Whitin, Whitton. Whyton and Wyton, and several of these forms survive to the present time. The relationship of the various immigrants from which the Whitin, Whiting, Whiton, Wheaton, Weadon, Wheadon, and Whitten families descend, is not known, but all were English and the surname is of ancient English origin. Doubtless there were branches of the family also in Ireland and Scotland. According to tradition there were three brothers of the Whitten family early settlers in New Hampshire, Samuel, Thomas, and John Whitten, or Whidden. In 1671 John and Samuel Whitten (or Whidden) were members of the church at Portsmouth, New Hampshire, and contributed to the fund for the maintenance of Rev. Mr. Moody."[1]

Whitten Demographics

Ancestry.com has collated some interesting Whitten demographics. Here are some of the numbers.

From US immigrant passenger lists (which are heavily weighted toward the 19th century immigration) the top places of origin were given as:

  1. Ireland (37 people)
  2. England (31)
  3. Scotland (12)

The top county distribution of Whitten families in Scotland in 1891 were:

  1. Lanarkshire (35 families)
  2. Ayrshire (14)
  3. Midlothian (13)

The top county distribution of Whitten families in England in 1891 were:

  1. London (124 families)
  2. Cumberland (50)
  3. Essex (33)
  4. Middlesex (27)

Obviously, the concentration in London can be discounted for genealogical purposes, as many people would have moved to London from elsewhere in Great Britain. The same may be true for the London "suburban counties" of Essex and Middlesex. This makes the Northern concentration in Cumberland especially interesting.

According to another source, The Whitten and Allied Families Genealogy by William C. Whitten (1985), as cited at Origins and Meaning of Surname Whitten, the concentrations in Ireland are in Ulster, Armagh and Londonderry.

In the US, from data from the 1920 census, Whittens were concentrated in the following states:

  1. Massachusetts (156 of 1,934 families counted)
  2. Texas (153)
  3. Maine (142)
  4. Alabama (103)
  5. Illinois (87)
  6. Mississippi (86)

Sadly, some of the Southern US distribution is attributable to the legacy of slavery. Freed slaves often took their former slaveholders' surname. The concentration in Massachusetts and Illinois could be partially a result of the population centers around Boston and Chicago. This all makes the concentrations in Texas and Maine more notable.

Going further back in time, in 1880 the top US states were:

  1. Maine (524 of 3,293 families)
  2. Alabama (240)
  3. Massachusetts (233)
  4. Mississippi (229)
  5. Ohio (197)
  6. Texas (182)
  7. Illinois (136)
  8. Georgia (133)

The Maine concentration is even more stark here.

In the US in 1840:

  1. Maine (76 of 221 families)
  2. Ohio (23)
  3. New Hampshire (15)
  4. Massachusetts (15)
  5. Indiana (14)

Here, in the earliest survey, it's even more clear that the Maine concentration has genealogical significance. The Midwestern numbers are interesting too. Perhaps there is a pattern of movement with the Western frontier.

Another notable demographic observation: in the Civil War, there were more than twice as many Union soldiers named Whitten as Confederate soldiers named Whitten (2,213,363 Northern to 1,050,000 Southern).

Early Whitten's by Location

North America

Maine

One thing to keep in mind when looking at very early records is that the places attributed to an area may actually have been a part of Massachusetts and the Plymouth Colony for a while. Governmental or colonial lines changed over time. Also, individual county lines changed often - York County covered a huge area of Maine at one point. Waldo was York (1630), Lincoln (1760), Hancock (1789) and then Waldo (1827).

For a historical timeline for each county please see the individual County Categorization Pages. York County, ME

This list is Chronological for names where WT Profiles have been created.

  • Jonathan Whitten b, abt. 1670 (birthdate is estimated using daughter Mary's marriage of 1721) "...York, York, Maine, daughter of Jonathan Whitten and Rebecca Hackett. Mary was born in York, York, ME."[2].
  • John Whitten - b. 1734, Arundel, d. 1802, Topsham, "Whitten, John - Topsham - Maine (Maine Land Grant)"[4]
  • Richard Whitten, abt 1763, Scarborough, Cumberland County, Maine, d. 1845 Troy, Waldo County, Maine.
  • Ebeneezer Whitten b, abt. 1780 at Public Auction in 1788."[6]"Did you ever find out anything else on our Whittens? I suspect that Elisha and Ebenezer were possible sons of John and Sarah (Hodgdon)Whitten who were married in 1767 in Scarborough. John was in the Revolution and may have died in the 1780s. The man who bought the brothers. may have been Nathaniel or William JOSE of Scarborough. There may have been another brother named Benjamin who was born in Scarborough in 1784. Richard Whitten, a possible uncle of the boy was a revolutionary soldier and married MERCY JOSE."[7]
  • S. F. Whitten, b. 1799, Maine, possible brother of John above, "Living with him was S.F. Whitten, a minister 71 years of age and a native of of Maine, who was probably an older brother."[8][9]
  • John Whitten, b. 1803, Bath, Sagadahoc, Maine, d. Otoe co., Nebraska - wife Mercy, children, Mary, b. Maine, John and Samuel, b. Iowa. "...living in Syracuse Precinct (Nebraska) in 1870 with his sons John and Samuel on farms nearby. Mercy, his wife, was not mentioned and had probably died. Living with him was S.F. Whitten, a minister 71 years of age and a native of of Maine, who was probably an older brother." [10] A John Whitten is listed as a Selectman for York county for 1842 and 1843.[11]
  • Solomon Whitten - "Whitten, Solomon - Mass. -Mass (Massachusetts Land Grant)" [12]
  • Joseph Whitten[13]
  • Umpery Whitten[14]
  • Samuel Whitten[15]
  • Thomas Whitten [17]
Massachusetts
  • Jeremiah Whitten, Whiton, Whitton, Whitney, b. 1627 in Smarden, Kentshire, England, d. July 25, 1725 in Martha's Vineyard, MA.
  • "Lydia and Thomas Whitten, of Plymtown, June 1, 1736." [18]
  • "Thomas WHITTEN of Hano & Rachel PEAKES of Scituate were marrd 15 Nov 1770." [19]
  • Amos Whitten "and Priscilla, m. Amos Whitten..."[20]
New Hampshire
  • Samuel, Thomas and John Whitten (Whidden)..."in New Hampshire, Samuel, Thomas, and John Whitten, or Whidden. In 1671 John and Samuel Whitten (or Whidden) were members of the church at Portsmouth, New Hampshire, and contributed to the fund for the maintenance of Rev. Mr. Moody."[21]
  • "Ichabod Whitten, son of Samuel Whitten Deceased." (October, 1714)
  • "Sarah Whitten" (1713)
  • "John Whitten" (1713)
  • "Samuel" (1713)
  • "James" (1713)
  • "Sarah, Sons & Daughter of Sam Whitten" (1713)
  • "Abigaile Whitten, daughter of James Whitten." (1714)
  • "Martha daughter of James Whitten." (1724)
  • "Sarah Whitten owned ye covenant & C." 1727
  • "Samuel
  • John
  • Hannah - "Samuel Knight b.bet.1730 and 1748, d.ca.1807 m.Hannah Whitten d/o John and Ruth (Merrill) Whitten of Arundel."[22]
New Jersey
  • "Cripps, Nathaniel, Burlington (m.) Whitten, Grace, 9 Jan 1694. [23]
Pennsylvania
  • "Richard Whitten, Avington mm Pa to marry Elizabeth Jyliff received 11mo 30, 1712." [24]

Whitten DNA

Since DNA can be traced along a patrilineal (father to father to father) line it can be interesting for someone studying the genealogy of a surname, theoretically at least. The Y chromosome conveniently follows our Western Europe convention on last names.

Although there are now hundreds (?) of companies offering DNA testing for genealogical purposes, Family Tree DNA is the largest. They have groups organized around surnames including this one for Whittens.

However, at this point the group of Whittens with DNA results is too small to have any interesting results or patterns. Selfishly speaking, the best reason to use DNA right now is if you want to test a connection with someone in particular. Altruistically, you'd be helping all Whittens trace their genealogy by having a male in your family get tested and publishing the results.


Discussion Boards

  • Whitten Q&A in G2G: WikiTree's own question and answer forum. This page gives all Q&A tagged with the surname Whitten.

Famous Whittens

Danny Whitten (May 8, 1943 - November 18, 1972), a musician and songwriter.

Jamie Whitten (April 18, 1910 – September 9, 1995), a US representative from Mississippi.

Edward James "Ted" Whitten (27 July 1933 - 17 August 1995), an Australian Rules Football player.

Whittens on WikiTree

Here is the complete Whitten Index.

When you add yourself or a Whitten relative to WikiTree your addition(s) will automatically be included on the index the following day.

Sources

  1. Genealogical and personal memoirs relating to the families of the state of Massachusetts; (Volume 3), pp. 129-145, William Richard Cutter, 2011
  2. John Morgrage of Kittery Maine, 4, by Roland Rhoades, 2011.[1]
  3. John Morgrage of Kittery Maine, 4, by Roland Rhoades, 2011.[2]
  4. Revolutionary War Land Grants and Pension Applications S-Z, Maine State Archives [3]
  5. Elisha and Edeneezer Whitten, TomRider1935, : 27 Mar 2015.
  6. Elisha and Edeneezer Whitten, Elizabeth Huddleston, 27 Mar 2011[4]
  7. Elisha and Edeneezer Whitten, TomRider1935, : 27 Mar 2015.
  8. Dale, Raymond Elmer. Otoe County Pioneers: a Biographical Dictionary. Lincoln, Neb.: [s.n.], 1961. 2762. Print.
  9. Otoe Genealogical Society, Whitten Family Cemetery.[5]
  10. Dale, Raymond Elmer. Otoe County Pioneers: a Biographical Dictionary. Lincoln, Neb.: [s.n.], 1961. 2762. Print.[6]
  11. History of York County, Maine: With Illustrations and Biographical Sketches of Its Prominent Men and Pioneers, p.356, Higginson Book Company, 1880 - York County (Me.), [7]
  12. Revolutionary War Land Grants and Pension Applications S-Z, Maine State Archives [8]
  13. Heads of families at the first census of the United States taken in the year 1790: Maine, p.37, United States. Bureau of the Census, United States. Census Office, Govt. Print. Off., 1908. [9]
  14. Heads of families at the first census of the United States taken in the year 1790: Maine, p.67, United States. Bureau of the Census, United States. Census Office, Govt. Print. Off., 1908. [10]
  15. Heads of families at the first census of the United States taken in the year 1790: Maine, p.67, United States. Bureau of the Census, United States. Census Office, Govt. Print. Off., 1908. [11]
  16. Heads of families at the first census of the United States taken in the year 1790: Maine, p.67, United States. Bureau of the Census, United States. Census Office, Govt. Print. Off., 1908. [12]
  17. Heads of families at the first census of the United States taken in the year 1790: Maine, p.68, United States. Bureau of the Census, United States. Census Office, Govt. Print. Off., 1908. [13]
  18. Falmoth Marriages, p 217,[14]
  19. Scituate, MA, Births Marriages & Deaths, Mayflower Descendant Vol 2 [1900], p 32 - 36, Town Records, Vol IV, Pt 2, p 1.[15]
  20. Plymoth Colony Genealogical Register, p. 137
  21. Genealogical and personal memoirs relating to the families of the state of Massachusetts; (Volume 3), pp. 129-145, William Richard Cutter, 2011
  22. Helen's Genes
    • Mary
    • Sarah sons & daughters of John Whitten (1727)
    • "Anne Whitten owned ye covenant & C." (1727)<ref>''Greenland NH Early Ministerial records, Roll containing account of Baptisms...'', The New England Historical and Genealogical Register,: Volume 28, 1874.[https://books.google.ca/books?id=_zaGTxrUAx4C&pg=PA416&lpg=PA416&dq=Richard+and+Mercy+Whitten&source=bl&ots=1fggFdTNI2&sig=3gBPKT2z8y1z4OPHvXXuCAt7xhs&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwj6naSTz7TMAhXlkIMKHbuCAuo4MhDoAQgbMAA#v=onepage&q=Richard%20and%20Mercy%20Whitten&f=false]</li>
    <li id="_note-22">[[#_ref-22|↑]] New Jersey Marriages, Burlington Records (1680) (Unit no. 53) : Page/Item 44. [http://genealogytrails.com/njer/marr1666-1740.html]</li> <li id="_note-23">[[#_ref-23|↑]] QUAKER ARRIVALS AT PHILADELPHIA 1682-1750, by Albert Cook Myers, published in 1902. [http://www.chester.pa-roots.com/quaker_research/quaker_arrivals_at_philadelphia.htm]</li></ol></ref>




Memories: 1

On January 12, 2009 Chris Whitten wrote:

I've been experimenting with DNA testing for genealogy. There are now growing databases with tens of thousands of people you can compare your DNA with. Given that the Western European convention for last names is patrilineal I expected that some of my closest yDNA matches would be named Whitten. However, of the 70 or so closest matches in the databases I've checked, none of them are named Whitten. The most common last name for our matches is Wilkes. The second most common last name is McClellan/McClelland. What makes this ironic for me is that McClellan is my wife's maiden name! (The McClellans originated in the western Scottish border area while it appears that Whittens originated in the eastern Scottish border area. Maybe a connection makes sense.)

P.S. All this is of almost no real scientific value. I had a 12-marker test done. A 12-marker match is a good indication that you share an ancestor in the last one or two thousand years. That's it. This is about the time frame where last names started being used in the British Isles. So, even leaving aside adoption, name change, and illigitimacy, it's not surprising that people who share an ancestor from one or two thousand years ago wouldn't have the same last name. Also, when a last name appears more than once in this list it's a good possibility that two people with the same last name were testing together for a genetic connection. Before these large databases that was the most common usage of DNA testing for genealogy. So, despite what I'm implying above, frequency of last name doesn't mean much.



Login to add your own memory.

Images: 3
Whitten Ancestral Home
Whitten Ancestral Home


Statue of Ted Whitten
Statue of Ted Whitten


Current Waldo County, Maine
Current Waldo County, Maine


Collaboration

On February 10, 2014 at 13:56GMT Maggie N. wrote:

This is an interesting One Name Study page, Chris . I just discovered how well ONS is working on here (-:

On October 16, 2012 at 19:29GMT Lianne Lavoie wrote:

I tracked down where that Geocities site moved to when Geocities shut down and updated your link. :)

On January 12, 2009 at 16:57GMT Chris Whitten wrote:

What can you add? I just wanted to get something started here. Please contribute. Click to join the Trusted List and help me grow this resource. Thanks!