Ausralian Bushmans Contingent - Light Horse - A Squadron
Left for Sth Africa on the 4th November 1899 on the Aberdeen
Returned to Australia on the 4th January 1901 on the Orient
Queens South Africa Medal With 6 Clasps (QSA)
List of Clasps-
Relief of Mafeking
Orange Free State
New South Wales Citizen Bushman
The New South Wales Citizen Bushmen consisted of Four Mounted Rifle Squadrons and under went several name changes from the New South Wales Citizen Bushmen,the Australian Bushmen Contingent and finally the 1st Bushmen Regiment,the unit was raised in Early 1900 and funded by Public subscription hence "Citizens "in its title.The objective was to enlist a Regiment of men from the Country "Good Shots,Good Riders and Good Physiques,Preference was given to those that had previously served in Sth Africa or those that had lived and Worked in Rural Australia.
THE BOER WAR
Around 16,000 Australians Volunteered to fight for Britian against the Dutch-Afrikaner ,or Boer Settlers in South Africa from 1899-1902,it remains Australias 3rd worse Conflict in terms of Causualties.Most Australians served in Mounted Units from the Colonies and later from the Commonwealth .Known Variously as Bushmen,Mounted Rifles,Imperial Bushmen,The Australian Commonwealth Horse and The Light Horse.The Australian Troops were highly valued by the British for their Riding and Shooting skills.Australian Solidiers gained a reputation among the Boers as Dangerous shooters who remained level headed under fire.The Australian Troops Reputation for Bravery and Toughness and cool- headedness during the Boer War was the foundation for the Australian Warrior Image that later became the Anzac ledgend of WW1
The Rations for the Australian Soldiers in Sth Africa consisted of
(daily)Four Biscuits,a tin of Bully Beef and a small quantity of Coffee or Tea and often only Biscuits with little or no meat ,its no wonder from a letter written in Rhodesia in August 1900 exclaimed "Thank Goodness the Australians have finished going through here (Rusape)they are worse than a Plague of Locusts".Disease also claimed the lives of many Australians Typhoid was rife where the water was contaminated in such places as Bloemfontein and Beira which was built on a sand Ridge between Swamp and Creek it was one of the most unpleasant and Deadly places in the World.