Note: There are many variations on the history of Josiah Wilson andmanyconfused him with his nephew Josiah Wilson who was born about 1787.These records claim Josiah married (1) Mary Allen (2) Polly Boone, butdocuments show it was his nephew who married Mary Boone in 1832.
1840 census Marshall County, TN: Josiah Wilson 70-80, female 70-80
1850 census Marshall County, TN: page 63-55
Josiah Wilson 82 NC
Mary 81 NC blind
JOSIAH WILLSON, Will Bk. A-266 Marshall Co. 1851, A.C. Wilson exec. oflast W & T.
In the of ( ) God Amen. Be remembered that I Josiah Wilson of the Stateof Tennessee and Marshall County being in a low state of health butperphitly sound in mind do make this my last Will and Testament and astouching the distribution of my property which God in his goodness hasblessed me with in this life I make the following distribution:-
1st My Will and desire is that my funeral expenses be paid out of myestate-
2nd I allow all my just debts to be paid-
3rd I give and bequeath to my beloved wife Polly for her special benefitduring her life and laid off as follows. Beginning at a stake on the westline running east so as to include the improvements opposite to the barncontinuing that direction untill it strikes the Woods lot fence with thatfence south until it reaches the 2nd cross fence thence east with thatfence until it strikes Caney Spring Creek then North with the meanders ofthe Creek until it strikes a Hickory corner thence west agreeable to theold lines to the beginning-
4th I also give her the household furniture consisting of followingarticles, three feather beds and furniture one cupboard & furniture thekitchen furniture as it stands & as many of the farming utensils as willbe neccessary to carry on the farm my riding mare being a bay mare onemare to be chosen out of the stock by executor for her benefit two milkcows & calfs to be chosen by herself twelve head of sheep of her choiceas many hogs as her & my executor may think sufficient for her support -Now on condition my wife should die before myself & she do not need thesethings named in my will for her benefit & I myself should be deprived ofmaking any further distribution of the same My desire is that theproperty named shall be sold & equally divided among my legatees-Otherwise if she should need these things named the sale & division shallnot take place untill after her death-
5th And further my desire is that all the property not specified above atmy decease shall be sold and equally divided among my legatees-
6th Further my desire is at my decease that my Negro man Adam if heshould be still alive at that time he shall be sold or hired this matterI leave to the discretion of m Executors-
7th As to my son Samuel I have heretofore paid money for his benefit Nowupon examination whatever part of the money I paid for him remainsunsettled it shall be taken out of his part of the division Otherwisewhat ever --- of his part of the money remains --- of one hundred &ninety dollars borrowed from Moses Wilson whatever part of the debtremains unpaid with the interest arising on said debt until the divisionshall take place shall be taken out of his part of the division-
8th My desire that the proceeds of the sale of the property as abovedescribed shall be equally divided among the living heirs of my own body---Samuel accounting for as above named. my sons Samuel, Robert, Aaron C.Wilson, Polly Baccom, Josiah J. Wilson- I do make & constitute this mylast Will & Testament & by it do disannull & revoke all other wills by memade heretofore & nominate and appoint Aaron C. Wilson and William Neilmy executors. Signed Sealed & acknowledged in presence of Josiah Wilson(seal) October 23rd1840
Marquis D. Wilson, Jurate 1st Dec 1851
handwriting of G.D. Neil proven by JHL Neil
State of Tennessee
Marshall County Court December Term 1851
Personally appeared in open court Marquis D. Wilson one of thesubscribing witnesses to this foregoing will after being sworn here inopen court proved said will as the law directs and also J.H. L. Neilappeared in open court & after being sworn do say that he was acquaintedwith G.D. Neil whose name appears as a subscribing witness to theforegoing will & was acquainted with his hand writing & that thesignature of the said G.D. Neil is in his own hand writing & that he hasdeparted this life. It is therefore ordered by the court that said willbe entered of record. Witness my hand at office this 1st day of December1851
John Elliott, clk.
by his deputy J.J. Elliott
In the matter of the application of Jane Wilson, of Williamson Co. Tenn,widow of Robert Wilson, decd for the benefit of the Act of 7th June 1838,& other acts for the benefit of widows of Revolutionary Soldiers.
The Deposition of Josiah Wilson
State of Tennessee
On this 14th day of May 1849 at his own house, before me L.L. Fox, aJustice of the Peace of said County personally appeared Josiah Wilsonaged about 81 years, who having been duly sworn declared that he is thesame Josiah Wilson who was examined in this case before Esq. May on the21st day of October 1848 and he now makes this additional statement inrelation to the Revolutionary services of Robert Wilson Jr.
Robert Wilson Senior, of Steele Creek, Mecklenburgh, North Carolina, in1775, was the father of Robert Wilson Jr. as well as witness. The elderRobert Wilson had six sons who were subject to military duty and didperform military duty during the war of the Revolution between the years1775 and 1783, under Genl. Rutherford, Col. Sumpter, Col. Irwin, GenlLincoln, Genl Greene and other American Generals.
Witness was present at the marriage. The marriage was by publication ofbanns and took place at the house of William McDowell. Moses Wilson, abrother of witness, & Phebe Reid both of Marshall County, State ofTennessee are the only persons now living known to witness who werepresent at this marriage, besides himself.
About the year 1785 or 1786 Robert Wilson moved with his family toLincoln County in the State of Georgia, where he lived until 1795. Hethen moved to Cumberland Valley in 1795 and was the first man who broughta wagon across the Cumberland Mountains. He first lived in Sumner Countynear Cumberland River, but in the year 1800 he settled near Harpeth Lickin Williamson County, State of Tennessee, where he continued to liveuntil the year 1819; when he died, leaving his wife Jane Wilson surviving---, who has continued to live a widow; & to reside in said County ofWilliamson until the present time. Witness came to Tennessee in 1795 or1796, and has always since lived within from three to fourteen miles ofthe residence of his brother Robert Wilson, and since his death, of hiswidow Jane Wilson. First while witness lived in Williamson Co. Tennesseebut for near a dozen years last, in Marshall County Tennessee distance often or twelve miles.
Witness remembers some of the events of the Revolutionary War especiallythose connected with his own family and neighborhood. He knows seven ofhis older brothers were soldiers at different and various times duringthe Revolutionary War to wit, Joseph, Aaron, John, James, Robert, Samuel& Zaccheus. He also knows that his own father Robert Wilson was aprisoner in the hands of the British in fall of 1780 and that his UncleZaccheus Wilson, Sr. was a signer of the Mecklenburgh Declaration ofIndependence, yet he does not think that he can at this late period inhis life recollect all and each campaign in which his brothers may haveserved in the war.
He knows that Joseph & Robert Wilson were out in the North CarolinaMilitia under Genl Lincoln before and during the siege of Charleston buthe cannot now name even the general officer, who commanded the NorthCarolina Troops, nor the Colonels or Captains, who commanded theparticular Regiment or Company in which Robert Wilson & Joseph Wilsonserved. Witness remembers the names of Genls Ashe, Rutherford, Sumpter,Davidson & Caswell, who at different times commanded the North CarolinaTroops, & he also knows that his brothers served under these men atvarious times but he cannot now state whether either or which one ofthese men commanded at Charleston. He remembers distinctly that bothRobert & Joseph Wilson were at the siege of Charleston under Genl Lincolnand they were both surrendered prisoners of war at the surrender ofCharleston, laid down their arms, and were paroled and returned to theirfathers house at Steele Creek about the 1st of June 1780 being about twoor three weeks after the surrender.
Witness cannot say how long his brothers were out before the siege ofCharleston but he knows they were out before the British Army besiegedCharleston, for he remembers distinctly that Joseph Wilson often spoke ofhis return from the army, of having applied to Col. Washington, beforethe British Army --- down before the City of Charleston to be admittedinto his corps of mounted men or dragoons and that Col. Washingtonobjected on account of his being too large. This took pace before thesiege, the dispersion of Col. Washington's Corps, with others by theBritish, during the siege, near Monks Corner, fixed this circumstance intheir minds.
Witness believes that service of his brothers were under the command ofThos. Sumpter, --- but afterwards a Brigadier General, after the fall ofCharleston. He remembers that his father Robert Wilson and his brotherJohn Wilson were both taken prisoner near Genl Sumpters camp about fivemiles from Steele Creek while engaged in hauling provisions or suppliesto the Republic troops under Sumpter & that they were dragged to Camdenand confined with other of the Whig inhabitants of Mecklenburg in theCamden jail for about five weeks and that his father & brother John withten others were started to Charleston under an escort of twelve soldiersand that on their way the prisoners were ---their guard - overpoweredthem, took their guns, locked them all up in a house in which they werequartered and all of them made their way, some to Marion County and someback to Mecklenburg & that his father & brother came back after nearthree months captivity. James Hart and John Bacste? were of the number ofthe prisoners who were most active in the rescue. The British guard wasput on parole, when overpowered.
He believes that Aaron, James, Robert & Joseph Wilson were with GenlSumpter in the summer of 1780 but he cannot state whether they were atthe battle of Rocky Mount & Hanging Rock although he believes they werewith Sumpter at that time in what was called the Wilmington Campaignwhich --- in 1780, and in ---North Carolina Troops, were --- under thecommand of Genl Rutherford. Witness can state that Robert Wilson was aprivate of Militia ---- Mecklenburg. Witness believes that his tour ---was for three or four months.
He cannot now state or specify any other campaigns, marches or tours ofduty in which his brother Robert Wilson served but he knows that innearly every campaign from 1775 (the "snow campaign") until 1780 or theend of the war, which occurred in North or South Carolina, either againstthe British, Tories or Indians, one or more of the brothers of witnesswere engaged.
None of these seven brothers ever applied for or received as witnessbelieves, any pension whatever, except James Wilson who died in 1845. Theothers all departed this life either before the passage of a pension lawor soon after, and none of them, so far as witness remembers, has nowliving any widow except Robert Wilson's widow. She was about 17 years oldwhen married & is now over eighty.
Witness would further state that so far as he remembers his brother was aprivate at the time he was under Lincoln at Charleston, belonging to theNorth Carolina Militia & likewise a private of North Carolina Militia onall other occasions. He does not think he ever belonged to the Regular orContinental Lines or to the State Line. He was always an infantrysoldier. He was quite a young man during the war of Independence but inthe Indian War in Georgia in 1790 or 1791, or about that time RobertWilson was a Captain & served as such in the Indian War under theauthority of the State of Georgia. He was also engaged in the Indianstruggles in the Cumberland Valley in 1795 & 96 after he came to theState of Tennessee.
This witness is not either directly or indirectly interested in theapplication of Jane Wilson for a pension for her husbands services in theWar of Independence.
WikiTree profile Wilson-5472 created through the import of Merten_Rappolee_Armstrong_2011-07-27.ged on Jul 27, 2011 by Peg Merten. See the Changes page for the details of edits by Peg and others.
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