by Bob Fields

On February 25:

Birthdays:

Pierre-Auguste Renoir (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

Enrico Caruso (Image Credit: WikiTree)

George Harrison (Image Credit: WikiTree)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1752 - John Graves Simcoe, English-Canadian general and politician, 1st Lieutenant Governor of Upper Canada (d. 1806).
1778 - José de San Martín, Argentinian general and politician, 1st President of Peru (d. 1850).
1841 - Pierre-Auguste Renoir*, French impressionist painter and sculptor (d. 1919).
1873 - Enrico Caruso, Italian-American operatic tenor (d. 1921).
1888 - John Foster Dulles, American soldier, lawyer, and politician, 52nd US Secretary of State (d. 1959).
1901 - Zeppo Marx, American comedian and agent (d. 1979) (the Marx Brothers).
1913 - Jim Backus*, American actor and screenwriter (d. 1989) (Thurston Howell IIIMr. Magoo).
1917 - Anthony Burgess*, English author, playwright, and critic (d. 1993) (A Clockwork Orange).
1918 - Bobby Riggs*, American tennis player (d. 1995) (“The Battle of the Sexes“).
1943 - George Harrison, English singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (d. 2001) (the Beatles, ”Here Comes the Sun“).

Deaths:

Frederick I (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Christopher Wren (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Tennessee Williams (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1713 - Frederick I of Prussia, who elevated Prussia to a kingdom (b. 1657).
1723 - Christopher Wren, English architect, designed St Paul’s Cathedral (b. 1632).
1957 - Bugs Moran*, American mob boss, rival of Al Capone in the Saint Valentine’s Day Massacre (b. 1893).
1983 - Tennessee Williams, American playwright, and poet (b. 1911) (The Glass MenagerieA Streetcar Named DesireCat on a Hot Tin Roof).
1996 - Haing S. Ngor*, Cambodian-American physician and author (b. 1940) (The Killing Fields).
1999 - Glenn T. Seaborg*, American chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate, discovered ten transuranium elements (b. 1912).

Other Events:

Pope Pius V (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

Hiram Revels (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

Fort Douaumont (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1797 – Colonel William Tate* and 1500 soldiers surrender in the Last invasion of Britain, by Revolutionary France during the War of the First Coalition.1570 - Pope Pius V excommunicates England’s Queen Elizabeth I.
1836 - Samuel Colt is granted a United States patent for the Colt revolver.
1856 – The Peace conference of Paris opens, after the Crimean War.
1862 - The U.S. Congress passes the Legal Tender Act, authorizing the use of paper notes (greenbacks) to pay the government’s bills, instead of using only gold or silver in transactions.
1870 - Hiram Rhodes Revels, a Mississippi Republican Senator, becomes the first African American to sit in the U.S. Congress.
1913 - The 16th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, giving Congress the power to levy and collect income taxes, takes effect.
1916 – World War I: The Germans capture Fort Douaumont during the Battle of Verdun.
1932 - Adolf Hitler obtains German citizenship by naturalization, allowing him to run in the 1932 election.
1948 – The Communist Party takes control of government in Czechoslovakia in a coup d’etat.
1964 - Cassius Clay (later Muhammad Ali) becomes the world heavyweight boxing champion by defeating Sonny Liston.
1986 - People Power Revolution: President of the Philippines Ferdinand Marcos flees the nation after 20 years of rule.
1991 – The Warsaw Pact is declared disbanded.

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by Bob Fields

On February 19:

Birthdays:

Copernicus (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Svante Arrhenius (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Lee Marvin (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1473 - Nicolaus Copernicus, Polish mathematician and astronomer (d. 1543).
1859 - Svante Arrhenius, Swedish physicist and chemist, one of the founders of the science of physical chemistry, the first Swedish Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1927).
1924 - Lee Marvin*, American actor (d. 1987) (Cat Ballou).
1951 - André Gide*, French novelist, essayist, and dramatist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1869).
1963 - Seal*, English singer-songwriter (“Kiss from a Rose“, “Crazy“).
1967 - Benicio del Toro, Puerto Rican-American actor, director, and producer (Traffic). 

Deaths:

Billy Mitchell (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

Deng Xiaoping (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

Harper Lee (Image Credit: WikiTree)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1936 - Billy Mitchell, American Army general and pilot, regarded as the father of the US Air Force (b. 1879) (B-25 Mitchell bomber).
1988 - André Frédéric Cournand*, French-American physician and physiologist, Nobel Prize laureate who developed cardiac catheterization (b. 1895).
1997 - Deng Xiaoping*, Chinese politician, 1st Vice Premier of the People’s Republic of China (b. 1904).
2016 - Harper Lee, American Pulitzer Prize winning author (b. 1926) (To Kill a Mockingbird).

Other Events:

Texas Flag (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

Thomas Edison (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

Iwo Jima (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1846 – The newly formed Texas state government is officially installed in Austin, following the annexation of the Republic of Texas by the United States.356 – Emperor Constantius II issues a decree closing all pagan temples in the Roman Empire.
1847 – The first group of rescuers reaches the snow-stranded Donner Party in the Sierra Nevada Mountains. 45 of 89 members survived, after resorting to cannibalism.
1878 - Thomas Edison patents the phonograph.
1915 – World War I: The first naval attack on the Dardanelles begins when a strong Anglo-French task force bombards Ottoman artillery along the coast of Gallipoli.
1942 – World War II: President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs executive order 9066, allowing the military to relocate Japanese Americans from ‘military areas’ to internment camps.
1943 – World War II: Battle of Kasserine Pass in Tunisia begins.
1945 – World War II: Battle of Iwo Jima: About 30,000 US Marines land on the small island. It was secured six bloody weeks later.
2008 - An ailing Fidel Castro resigns the Cuban presidency after nearly a half-century in power.

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by Bob Fields

On February 18:

Birthdays:

Mary I (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Lewis Armistead (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

Louis Tiffany (Image Credit: WikiTree)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1516 – “Bloody” Mary I of England, who burned religious dissenters at the stake, and restored Roman Catholicism to England. Protestantism was restored under her half-sister Elizabeth I (d. 1558).
1745 - Alessandro Volta, Italian physicist, invented the battery (d. 1827).
1783 - James Biddle, American Commodore, imprisoned for 19 months in the war against the Barbary pirates after the capture of the USS Philadelphia, attempted to open trade with Japan in 1846 (d. 1848).
1817 - Lewis Armistead*, American Confederate general, died at Gettysburg after leading Pickett’s Charge to the high-water mark of the Confederacy (d. 1863).
1848 - Louis Comfort Tiffany, American stained glass artist (d. 1933).
1862 - Charles M. Schwab*, American businessman (not the stock market brokerage), co-founded Bethlehem Steel (d. 1939).
1892 - Wendell Willkie*, American 1940 Republican Presidential candidate (d. 1944).
1895 - George Gipp*, American college football player at Notre Dame, played by Ronald Reagan in Knute Rockne, All American (d. 1920) (“Win one for the Gipper”).
1898 - Enzo Ferrari*, Italian race car driver and businessman, founded Ferrari (d. 1988).
1919 - Jack Palance, American actor and singer (d. 2006) (City Slickers).
1925 - George Kennedy, American actor (d. 2016) (Cool Hand LukeAirportNaked Gun).
1931 - Toni Morrison*, American novelist and editor, Pulitzer Prize and Nobel Prize laureate (Beloved).
1954 – John Travolta*, American actor and producer (Saturday Night FeverGreasePulp Fiction).

Deaths:

Martin Luther (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Michelangelo (Image Credit: WikiTree)

J Robert Oppenheimer (Image Credit: WikiTree)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1294 - Kublai Khan*, Mongol emperor, the first non-native emperor to conquer all of China (b. 1215).
1478 - George, Duke of Clarence, convicted of treason against his older brother Edward IV of England, is executed at the Tower of London (b. 1449).
1546 - Martin Luther, German priest and theologian, leader of the Protestant Reformation (b. 1483).
1564 - Michelangelo Buonarrotti Simoni, Italian sculptor and painter (b. 1475).
1878 - John Tunstall is murdered by outlaw Jesse Evans*, sparking the Lincoln County War in New Mexico, made famous by Billy the Kid, cattle baron John Chisum, and sheriff Pat Garrett (b. 1853).
1906 - John Batterson Stetson, American hat manufacturer, founded the John B. Stetson Company (b. 1830).
1915 - Frank James, Western outlaw, brother of Jesse James, part of the James-Younger Gang (b. 1843).
1933 – “Gentleman” James J. Corbett*, American boxer, World Heavyweight Champion (b. 1866).
1967 - J. Robert Oppenheimer, American physicist and academic, wartime head of the Los Alamos Laboratory and leader of the Manhattan Project (b. 1904).
1973 - Frank Costello*, Italian-American gangster, head of the Luciano crime family in New York City (b. 1891).
2001 – Auto racing champion Dale Earnhardt Sr. dies in an accident during the Daytona 500 (b. 1951).

Other Events:

Jefferson Davis (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Victor Emmanuel II (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Nanking Massacre (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1861 - Jefferson Davis is sworn in as the President of the Confederate States of America, in Montgomery, Alabama.
1861 - Italian unificationVictor Emmanuel II assumes the title of King of Italy.
1885 - Adventures of Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain is published.
1929 - The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences announces the winners of the first Academy Awards.
1930 – While studying photographs taken in January, Clyde Tombaugh* discovers Pluto.
1938 - Second Sino-Japanese WarNanking Massacre: the International safety zone in place for refugees falls apart, after 300,000 had already been killed.
1943 – World War II: The Nazis arrest the members of the White Rose resistance movement in Munich. Joseph Goebbels delivers his Sportpalast speech [“Total War”].
1954 – The first Church of Scientology is established in Los Angeles.
1970 – Five of the Chicago Seven are found guilty of conspiring to incite riots at the 1968 Democratic National Convention. The convictions are later overturned.
1972 – The California Supreme Court invalidates the state’s death penalty.

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