On February 25:
1752 - John Graves Simcoe, English-Canadian general and politician, 1st Lieutenant Governor of Upper Canada (d. 1806).
1778 - José de San Martín, Argentinian general and politician, 1st President of Peru (d. 1850).
1841 - Pierre-Auguste Renoir*, French impressionist painter and sculptor (d. 1919).
1873 - Enrico Caruso, Italian-American operatic tenor (d. 1921).
1888 - John Foster Dulles, American soldier, lawyer, and politician, 52nd US Secretary of State (d. 1959).
1901 - Zeppo Marx, American comedian and agent (d. 1979) (the Marx Brothers).
1913 - Jim Backus*, American actor and screenwriter (d. 1989) (Thurston Howell III, Mr. Magoo).
1917 - Anthony Burgess*, English author, playwright, and critic (d. 1993) (A Clockwork Orange).
1918 - Bobby Riggs*, American tennis player (d. 1995) (“The Battle of the Sexes“).
1943 - George Harrison, English singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (d. 2001) (the Beatles, ”Here Comes the Sun“).
1713 - Frederick I of Prussia, who elevated Prussia to a kingdom (b. 1657).
1723 - Christopher Wren, English architect, designed St Paul’s Cathedral (b. 1632).
1957 - Bugs Moran*, American mob boss, rival of Al Capone in the Saint Valentine’s Day Massacre (b. 1893).
1983 - Tennessee Williams, American playwright, and poet (b. 1911) (The Glass Menagerie, A Streetcar Named Desire, Cat on a Hot Tin Roof).
1996 - Haing S. Ngor*, Cambodian-American physician and author (b. 1940) (The Killing Fields).
1999 - Glenn T. Seaborg*, American chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate, discovered ten transuranium elements (b. 1912).
1797 – Colonel William Tate* and 1500 soldiers surrender in the Last invasion of Britain, by Revolutionary France during the War of the First Coalition.1570 - Pope Pius V excommunicates England’s Queen Elizabeth I.
1836 - Samuel Colt is granted a United States patent for the Colt revolver.
1856 – The Peace conference of Paris opens, after the Crimean War.
1862 - The U.S. Congress passes the Legal Tender Act, authorizing the use of paper notes (greenbacks) to pay the government’s bills, instead of using only gold or silver in transactions.
1870 - Hiram Rhodes Revels, a Mississippi Republican Senator, becomes the first African American to sit in the U.S. Congress.
1913 - The 16th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, giving Congress the power to levy and collect income taxes, takes effect.
1916 – World War I: The Germans capture Fort Douaumont during the Battle of Verdun.
1932 - Adolf Hitler obtains German citizenship by naturalization, allowing him to run in the 1932 election.
1948 – The Communist Party takes control of government in Czechoslovakia in a coup d’etat.
1964 - Cassius Clay (later Muhammad Ali) becomes the world heavyweight boxing champion by defeating Sonny Liston.
1986 - People Power Revolution: President of the Philippines Ferdinand Marcos flees the nation after 20 years of rule.
1991 – The Warsaw Pact is declared disbanded.
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