by Bob Fields

On May 27:
Birthdays:

Cornelius Vanderbilt (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Wild Bill Hickok (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Henry Kissinger (Image Credit: WikiTree)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1626William II, Prince of Orange and the Netherlands, father of William III of England (d. 1650).
1794 - Cornelius Vanderbilt, American businessman and philanthropist (d. 1877).
1819 - Julia Ward Howe, American poet, abolitionist, and songwriter (d. 1910) (“The Battle Hymn of the Republic“).
1836 - Jay Gould, American businessman and financier, robber baron (d. 1892).
1837 - Wild Bill Hickok, American West police officer and gambler (d. 1876).
1894 - Dashiell Hammett, American detective novelist and screenwriter (d. 1961) (The Maltese FalconThe Thin Man).
1907 - Rachel Carson, American biologist, environmentalist, and author (d. 1964) (Silent Spring).
1911 - Hubert Humphrey, American journalist and politician, 38th US Vice President (d. 1978).
1911 - Vincent Price, American actor and horror voice (d. 1993) (House of Wax).
1922 - Christopher Lee, English actor (d. 2015) (The Lord of the Rings).
1923 - Henry Kissinger, German-American political scientist and politician, 56th US Secretary of StateNobel Prize laureate.
1936 - Louis Gossett, Jr.*, American actor (An Officer and a GentlemanRoots).

Deaths:

John Calvin (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Robert Ripley (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Jawaharlal Nehru (Image Credit: WikiTree)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1564 - John Calvin, French pastor and theologian (b. 1509) (Calvinism).
1831 - Jedediah Smith, American hunter, explorer, and author; killed by Comanche (b. 1799).
1910 - Robert Koch, German physician and microbiologist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1843) (bacteriology).
1949 - Robert Ripley, American cartoonist, publisher, and businessman, founded Ripley’s Believe It or Not! (b. 1890).
1964 - Jawaharlal Nehru, Indian lawyer and politician, 1st Prime Minister of India (b. 1889).

Other Events:

King John (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

Tsushima (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

Bismarck (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1199 - John, who signed the Magna Carta, is crowned King of England.
1647 - Alse Young, the first person executed as a witch in America, is hanged in Hartford, Conn.
1703 – Tsar Peter the Great founds the city of Saint Petersburg.
1905 - Russo-Japanese War: The decisive Battle of Tsushima begins, where two-thirds of the Russian fleet was destroyed after traveling over 18,000 miles to reach the Far East.
1937 – The Golden Gate Bridge opens a vital link between San Francisco and Marin County, California.
1941 – World War II: The German battleship Bismarck is sunk in the North Atlantic killing almost 2,100 men.

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by Bob Fields

On May 13:
Birthdays:

Maria Theresa (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Joe Louis (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

Stevie Wonder (Image Credit: WikiTree)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1221 - Alexander Nevsky, Russian prince and saint (d. 1263).
1717 - Maria Theresa, Austrian wife of Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1780).
1792 - Pope Pius IX, the longest-reigning elected pope (31 years) (d. 1878).
1842 - Arthur Sullivan, English composer (d. 1900) (Gilbert and SullivanThe Pirates of PenzanceThe Mikado).
1857 – Sir Ronald Ross, Indian-English bacteriologist and mathematician, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1932)
1883 - Georgios Papanikolaou*, Greek-American pathologist, invented the pap smear (d. 1962).
1907 - Daphne du Maurier, English novelist and playwright (d. 1989) (RebeccaJamaica Inn).
1914 - Joe Louis*, American boxer, wrestler, and actor; heavyweight champion from 1937 to 1949 (d. 1981).
1922 - Bea Arthur, American actress and singer (d. 2009) (MaudeThe Golden Girls).
1931 - Jim Jones*, American cult leader, founder of the Peoples Temple, who killed 918 followers in Guyana (d. 1978).
1939 - Harvey Keitel, American actor (The PianoReservoir Dogs).
1950 - Stevie Wonder, American singer-songwriter, pianist, and producer (“Superstition“, “You Are the Sunshine of My Life“).

Deaths:

Joseph Henry (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

Cyrus McCormick (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Gary Cooper (Image Credit: WikiTree)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1832 - Georges Cuvier, French zoologist and academic; the “father of paleontology” (b. 1769).
1878 - Joseph Henry*, American physicist, academic, and inventor (b. 1797) (self-inductance).
1884 - Cyrus McCormick, American businessman, co-founded the International Harvester Company (b. 1809).
1885 - Friedrich Gustav Jakob Henle*, German physician, pathologist, and anatomist (b. 1809) (germ theory of disease).
1961 - Gary Cooper, American actor (b. 1901) (Sergeant YorkThe Pride of the YankeesHigh Noon).
2013 – Dr. Joyce Brothers, American psychologist, author, and actress (b. 1927).

Other Events:

Mexican-American War (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

German invasion of France (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

Pope assassination attempt (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1846 - Mexican-American War: The United States declares war on Mexico.
1865 – American Civil War: Battle of Palmito Ranch: In far south Texas, the last land battle of the Civil War ends with a Confederate victory.
1912 – The Royal Flying Corps, the forerunner of the Royal Air Force, is established in the United Kingdom.
1917 – Three children report the first apparition of Our Lady of Fátima in Fátima, Portugal.
1940 – World War II: The German army crosses the Meuse, beginning the conquest of France. Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands flees her country to Great Britain. Winston Churchill makes his “blood, toil, tears, and sweat” speech to the House of Commons.
1981 – Turkish assailant Mehmet Ali Ağcaattempts to assassinate Pope John Paul II in St. Peter’s Square in Rome. The Pope undergoes emergency surgery and survives.
1985 – Police release a bomb on MOVE headquarters in Philadelphia to end a stand-off, killing 11 MOVE members and destroying the homes of 250 city residents.
1992 – The Falun Gong movement had its beginning as the sect’s founder, Li Hongzhi* gives the first public lecture in Changchun, People’s Republic of China.

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by Bob Fields

On May 6:
Birthdays:

Sigmund Freud (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Orson Welles (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Tony Blair (Image Credit: WikiTree)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1856 - Sigmund Freud, Austrian neurologist and psychoanalyst (d. 1939).
1856 - Robert Peary, American admiral and Arctic explorer, led the first expedition to the North Pole (d. 1920).
1861 - Motilal Nehru*, Indian lawyer and politician, President of the Indian National Congress, the founder patriarch of the Nehru-Gandhi family (d. 1931).
1875 - William Leahy, American Fleet Admiral, Chief of Naval Operations, Chief of Staff to the President, the most senior American military officer during WW2 (d. 1959).
1895 - Rudolph Valentino, Italian actor, silent film star (d. 1926).
1915 - Orson Welles, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1985).
1931 - Willie Mays, American baseball player and coach, possibly the greatest all-around baseball player of all time based on performance and longevity.
1945 - Bob Seger*, American singer-songwriter and guitarist.
1953 - Tony Blair, British politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
1961 - George Clooney, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter.

Deaths:

Henry David Thoreau (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Edward VII (Image Credit: WikiTree)

L Frank Baum (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1708 - François de Laval, Saint, French-Canadian bishop of Quebec (b. 1623).
1859 - Alexander von Humboldt*, German geographer and explorer (b. 1769) (Humboldt Current).
1862 - Henry David Thoreau, American essayist, poet, abolitionist, and philosopher (b. 1817) (Walden).
1910 - George V becomes King of the United Kingdom upon the death of his father, Edward VII.
1919 - L. Frank Baum, American novelist (b. 1856) (The Wonderful Wizard of Oz).
1952 - Maria Montessori, Italian-Dutch physician and educator (b. 1870).
1987 - William J. Casey*, American politician, 13th Director of Central Intelligence (b. 1913).
1992 - Marlene Dietrich, German-American actress and singer (b. 1901).

Other Events:

Eiffel Tower (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

Hindenburg (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

Chunnel (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1527 – Spanish and German troops sack Rome. Pope Clement VII escapes into Castel Sant’Angelo. Considered the end of the Renaissance.
1536 – King Henry VIII orders English-language Bibles be placed in every church.
1682 - Louis XIV of France moves his court to the Palace of Versailles.
1840 – The world’s first postage stamp, the Penny Black, is issued in Great Britain.
1863 – American Civil War: The Battle of ChancellorsvilleLee‘s “perfect battle” despite the loss of Stonewall Jackson, ends with the defeat of the Army of the Potomac by Confederate troops.
1889 – The Eiffel Tower is officially opened to the public at the Universal Exposition in Paris.
1935 - New Deal: President Roosevelt creates the Works Progress Administration (WPA).
1937 - Hindenburg disaster: The German zeppelin Hindenburg catches fire while docking at Lakehurst, New Jersey. Thirty-six people are killed.
1942 – World War II: On Corregidor, the last American forces in the Philippines surrender to the Japanese.
1954 - Roger Bannister* of England becomes the first person to run the mile in under four minutes.
1994 – Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom and French President François Mitterrand officiate at the opening of the Channel Tunnel.

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by Bob Fields

On April 29:
Birthdays:

William Randolph Hearst (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Hirohito (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Daniel Day Lewis (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1745 - Oliver Ellsworth, American lawyer and politician, 3rd US Chief Justice, chief author of the Judiciary Act of 1789 (d. 1807).
1818 - Alexander II, Tsar of Russia, who emancipated the serfs in 1861 (assassinated 1881).
1854 - Henri Poincaré*, French mathematician, physicist, and engineer (d. 1912) (chaos theory).
1863 - William Randolph Hearst, American publisher and politician, founded the Hearst Corporation (d. 1951).
1893 - Harold Urey*, American Nobel-Prize winning chemist (1934) and astronomer; helped develop the atom bomb (d. 1981).
1899 - Duke Ellington, African-American pianist, composer, and bandleader (d. 1974).
1901 - Hirohito, Japanese emperor during WW2 (d. 1989).
1933 - Willie Nelson, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, producer, and actor.
1954 - Jerry Seinfeld, American comedian, actor, and producer.
1957 - Daniel Day-Lewis, British-Irish actor (My Left FootThere Will Be BloodLincolnThe Last of the Mohicans).
1970 - Uma Thurman, American actress.

Deaths:

Saint Catherine (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Alfred Hitchcock (Image Credit: WikiTree)

John Kenneth Galbraith (Image Credit: WikiTree)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1380 - Catherine of Siena, Italian mystic, philosopher, and Saint of Italy (b. 1347).
1698 - Charles Cornwallis, 3rd Baron Cornwallis, English politician, Lord Lieutenant of SuffolkFirst Lord of the Admiralty (b. 1655).
1771 - Francesco Bartolomeo Rastrelli*, French-Italian architect, designed Russia’s Winter Palace and Catherine Palace (b. 1700).
1980 - Alfred Hitchcock, English-American director and producer (b. 1899) (Rear WindowVertigoNorth by NorthwestPsycho).
2006 - John Kenneth Galbraith, Canadian-American economist and diplomat (b. 1908).

Other Events:

Siege of Orleans (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

Dachau Liberation (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

Los Angeles riots (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1429 - Joan of Arc arrives to relieve the Siege of Orléans.
1770 - James Cook arrives in Australia at Botany Bay, which he names.
1862 – American Civil War: The Capture of New Orleans by Union forces under David Farragut*.
1945 – World War II: Adolf Hitler marries his longtime partner Eva Braun in the Führerbunker, and designates Admiral Karl Dönitz* as his successor. The German army in Italy unconditionally surrenders to the Allies. Dachau concentration camp is liberated by United States troops.
1970 – Vietnam War: United States and South Vietnamese forces invade Cambodia to hunt Viet Cong.
1975 – Vietnam War: Operation Frequent Wind: The U.S. begins to evacuate U.S. citizens from Saigon before an expected North Vietnamese takeover. U.S. involvement in the war comes to an end.
1986 - Chernobyl disaster: American and European spy satellites capture the ruins of the 4th Reactor at the Chernobyl Power Plant.
1992 - Los Angeles riots: After the acquittal of police officers charged in the arrest beating of Rodney King*. Over the next three days 53 people are killed and hundreds of buildings are destroyed.
1997 – The Chemical Weapons Convention of 1993 enters into force, outlawing the production, stockpiling and use of chemical weapons by its signatories.
2011 – The wedding of Prince William and Catherine Middleton takes place at Westminster Abbey in London.

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by Bob Fields

On April 9:
Birthdays:

Erich Ludendorff (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Paul Robeson (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Hugh Hefner (Image Credit: WikiTree)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1865 - Erich Ludendorff, German general and politician, who led the German military war effort in World War I (d. 1937).
1898 - Paul Robeson, American singer, actor, and activist (d. 1976) (Show Boat).
1905 - J. William Fulbright, American lawyer and politician (d. 1995) (Fulbright Program for fellowship).
1926 - Hugh Hefner, American publisher, founded Playboy Enterprises.
1954 - Dennis Quaid, American actor (The Right Stuff).

Deaths:

Edward IV (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Francis Bacon (Image Credit: WikiTree)

Frank Lloyd Wright (Image Credit: WikiTree)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1483 – King Edward IV of England dies. Edward V (aged 12) succeeds his father, but is never crowned, and disappears, presumed murdered, after incarceration in the Tower of London.
1492 - Lorenzo de’ Medici, Italian ruler (b. 1449).
1626 – Sir Francis Bacon, English jurist and politician, Attorney General for England and Wales (b. 1561).
1959 - Frank Lloyd Wright, American architect, designed the Price Tower and Fallingwater (b. 1867).
2011 - Sidney Lumet, American director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1924) (12 Angry MenDog Day AfternoonNetwork).

Other Events:

Surrender at Appomattox (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

Bataan Death March (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

Mercury Seven (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1413 - Henry V [Lancaster] is crowned King of England.
1682 - Robert Cavelier de La Salle discovers the mouth of the Mississippi River, claims it for France, and names it Louisiana.
1865 - American Civil War: Robert E. Lee surrenders the Army of Northern Virginia (26,765 troops) to Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Courthouse, Virginia, effectively ending the war.
1867 - Alaska Purchase: Passing by a single vote, the U.S. Senate ratifies a treaty with Russia for the purchase of Alaska.
1881 - Billy the Kid is found guilty of murdering the Lincoln County, New Mexico, sheriff and is sentenced to hang.
1916 - World War I: The Battle of Verdun: German forces launch their third offensive of the battle, one of the largest battles of the war.
1940 - World War IIOperation Weserübung: Germany invades Denmark and Norway. Vidkun Quisling seizes power in Norway.
1942 – World War II: The Battle of Bataan/Bataan Death March: U.S. forces surrender on the Bataan Peninsula, in the Philippines.
1959 - Project Mercury: NASA announces the selection of the United States’ first seven astronauts, whom the news media quickly dub the “Mercury Seven“.
1968 - Martin Luther King, Jr. is buried in Atlanta after his assassination on April 4.
2003 - Iraq War: Baghdad falls to American forces; Iraqis turn on symbols of their former leader Saddam Hussein*, pulling down a grand statue of him and tearing it to pieces.

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