If the relationships are documented, yes. Some tribes offer genealogy services, some will recommend professional genealogists with the correct expertise. All Federally recognized tribes have a “base roll,” a list of the people all citizens of that tribe must descend from.
There are very few records in the United States which include Native American familes prior to the 1850’s. The Moravians sent missionaries to several tribes in the late 1700’s. Catholic church records in Canada, New Mexico, and California go back in some cases to the1500’s. All of these records were made by whites who rarely spoke the native language, sometimes attempted to transliterate native names, and sometimes used German, French, Spanish, Latin, or English names.