Nathaniel 'Nat' Barton served throughout the First World War, both at Gallipoli and the Middle East, although a doctor, as an officer in the 7th Light Horse Regiment. He was recommended for awards on four occasions, however, received only the one Mention in Despatches (equivalent to today's Commendation for Gallantry). On one occasion, with a very small section of troops, he captured more than 200 Turks. Nat served once more during the Second World War, this time as a Medical Officer (Lieutenant Colonel). By doing so, Nat displayed that he had the ANZAC character. Nat was a cousin of famous Aussie poet and author, Andrew Barton 'Banjo' Paterson.