middle age tool transcription

+2 votes

I have one more question about a 1600 will I am working on transcribing, and it mentions a tool, which I can't decipher. It reads: 

"I give & bequeath unto my sone John Tilly one mault stone, one mault Quirne, one Iron Bound Cart, one peare of [tscyethes?], one Furnace." 

Honestly, the leading "t" looks more like a "k" to me, but that seems it would be a very strange spelling. It appears to be a pair of scythes, which seems reasonable. Has anyone ever seen this spelling? I'm worried I might be mistranscribing it.  

It is in the fourth to last "Itm" found here:


Could someone with better paleography skills or knowlege of early modern tools make out the proper transcription?

WikiTree profile: John Tilly
in Genealogy Help by Jason Tilley G2G1 (1.2k points)
edited by Jason Tilley

2 Answers

+4 votes
I think the quirne is a mill for grinding malt (mault), and the mault stone is a stone for same.  As for the pair of things, no idea.
by Living Tardy G2G6 Pilot (733k points)
+3 votes
I'm not sure that it refers to scythes in the modern day spelling.  But the word ends with -ethes, possibly -ayethes, and the first letter looks like a K or an R...so maybe there was such a word as kayethes, meaning the same thing as scythes.
by Ros Haywood G2G Astronaut (1.5m points)
Could it be "shiels"?

I think it looks like "one peare of Rayethes", in which case it may be referring to shelving that was attached to a cart to increase its capacity. The term seems to be mainly associated with the Yorkshire dialect, and I have seen these listed in Yorkshire wills, so not sure if it is the right interpretation for a Wiltshire will.

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